动词的时态专项练习题 1：—What did she say? —She said she ______to the station to ______. A. is going, see you off B. was going, see off you C. was going, see you off D. is going, see off you 2:The repor
ter said that the UFO _____east to west when he saw it. A. was travelling B. travelled C. had been travelling D. Was to travel 3:The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she ________ . A. will arrive B. arrives C. is arriving D. is going to arrive 4：Mr. Green __________ for more than ten years. A. died B. has died C. is dying D. has been dead 5：We are old friends. We _____ each other for 10 years. A. know B. have known C. recognized D. have recognized 6：My brother is an actor. He _____ in several films so far. A. appears B. appeared C. has appeared D. is appearing 7：James Watt _____ the steam engine. A. was inventing B. invented C. had invented D. has invented 8:A great number of trees _____in the past few years in the city. A. have planted B. have been planted C. will plant D. planted 9：The volleyball match will be put off if it ________. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is raining 10：I ____ ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer. A. gave B. was given C. was giving D. had given 11： A great number of trees _____in the past few years in the city． A. have planted B. have been planted C. will plant D. planted 12:I wonder why Jenny ____ us recently. We should have heard from her by now. A. hasn't written B. doesn't write C. won't write D. hadn't written 13：——There is too much snow these days, isn’t there? ——Yes, it __________for a few days. A. was snowing B. has been snowing C. had been snowing D. snowed 14：I don’t think he likes you, ____? A. does he B. doesn’t he C. do I D. don’t I 15：He hasn’t come yet．What do you consider ________________ to him? A. to happen B. happens C. has happened D. happening 16：---- I hear Jane has gone to the Holy Island for her holiday. ---- Oh, how nice! Do you know when she ______ ? A. was leaving B. had left C. has left D. left 17：I’ve won a holiday for two to Florida. I________ my mum. A. am taking B. have taken C. take D. will have taken 18:It’s very kind________ the warm-hearted woman________ us out when we were in trouble. A. of… to help B. of… to have helped C. for… to help D. for… to have helped 19：Once we _____ to do something, you will never hold us back.
A. will make up our minds B. make up our minds C. make up our mind made up our minds 20：Tom______ into the house when no one______.
A. slipped; was looking B. had slipped; looked C. slipped; had looked D. was slipping; looked 21:The ________ of living in big cities in China is higher than before. A. cost B. spend C. paid D. use 22：In summer，the temperature sometimes________ as high as 39℃ ．（高考题） A. rises B. rising C. raising D. raises 23：--My father will be here tomorrow. --Oh, I thought that he _____ today. A. has come B. is coming C. had come D. was coming 24：My father_______ to Beijing on business since 1984. A. often goes B. has often been C. often went D. is often going 25：They have just decided that they_________ up the job. A. take B. have taken C. took D. won’t take 26：—You should have gone to the show with us yesterday. It was very good. —I wish I ______ yesterday off. I’d have gone with you. A. have had B. had C. have D. had had 27：The professor stood there________ by many students. A. surrounded B. surrounding C. to surround D. being surrounded 28：“Do you have any clothes________ today, Master?”asked the servant politely. A. to wash B. to be washed C. washing D. being washed 29：This novel_______ well. A. sells B. is sold C. will be sold D. has been sold 30:_____ last year and is now earning his living as an advertising agent. (广告推销员) A. He would left school B. He has left school C. He had left school D. He left school 31： --Did you write to Grace last summer? --No, but I'll _____ her over Christmas vacation. A. be seen B. be seeing C. have seen D. have been seeing 32：Visitors ____ not to touch the exhibits. A. will request B. request C. are requesting D. are requested 33:What they wanted to know was which companies _________ latest equipment. A. were lacked B. was lacked C. was lacking D. lacked 34：It is not unusual for workers in that region ________. A. to be paid more than a month later B. to be paid later than more a month C. to pay later than a month more D. to pay later more than a month 35：Your parents_________ for you everywhere. Go back quickly! A. looked B. are looking C. look D. know 36：—Has your sister finished her composition yet? —have no idea. She _____ it this morning. A. wrote B. has written C. had written D. was writing 37：—We________ that you would fix the TV set this week. —I’m sorry. I ________ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too busy.
A. had expected; had intendedB. are expecting; had intended C. expect; intend D. expected; intend 38：－Can I help you，sir? －Yes．I bought this radio here yesterday, but it _________．(NMET1996) A. didn't work B. won't work C. can't work 39： -What have you done with my knife,Tom? D. doesn't work
-I ____it back in your pencil -box, I remember clearly. A. would put B. had put C. will put D. put 40:The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________ rising steadily since1 990. (注：2009 年山东高考题) A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 41：She is a good________. She’s not really crying. She’s only________ to get your sympathy. A. actress; acting B. actor; acting C. action; active D. activity; actively 42：Father had promised to buy me a toy car，and he _______ get one for me yesterday． A. had B. did C. would D. does 43： --Sorry, I ________ to post the letter for you. --Not at all. I _________ it myself. A. forgot, will post B. forgot, posted C. will forget, will post D. had forgot, will post 44：According to the art dealer, the painting ________ to go for at least a million dollars. A. is expected B. expects C. expected D. is expecting 45：I enjoy Lu Xun's works, so I _______three of his books. A. have been reading B. am reading 46：--What do you think of the book? C. read D. have read
--Sorry, I have no idea because I __________ . A. didn’t read it B. haven’t read it C. didn’t have time to read it D. hadn’t finished reading it 47:The news came as no surprise to me．I______for some time that the factory was going to shut down． A. had known B. knew C. have known D. know 48：—Be careful! Your hair might get caught in the machine. —Thank you, I _________ I _________ so close to it. A. don’t know…am B. haven’t known…was C. didn’t know…was D. haven’t know…am 49：—Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? —Yes, since she＿＿＿＿the Chinese Society. 注：2008 年全国卷 I 高考题 A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D. joined 50：-You look tired. -Yes, I ______ non- stop until seven o'clock. A. am working B. was working C. has worked D. had worked 51：This kind of glass ________ easily. A. is broken B. breaks C. was broken D. has been sold 52：In the past people ___ work 48 hours a week . A. have to B. had to C. have had to D. had had to 53：—Alice, why didn't you come yesterday? —I _____, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had B. would C. was going to D. did 54：Don’t get off the bus until it__________.
A. has stopped B. stopped C. will stop D. shall stop 55：He said he _____ English for over ten years. A. has been teaching B. taught C. had taught D. was teaching 56：－Why? This is the third time you have missed the lecture! --I______ to. I was hurrying to school when something urgent happened to me. (注：2009 年北京 朝阳区) A. don't mean B. didn't mean C. haven't meant D. hadn't meant 57：A Dream of the Red Chamber is said__________ into dozens of languages in the last decade. A. to have been translated B. to be translated C. to translate D. to have translated 58：—How are you today? —Oh, I_________ as ill as I do now for a very long time. A. didn’t feel B. wasn’t feeling C. don’t feel D. haven’t felt 59：Make sure ____ off the lights before you to go bed. A. you turn B. to turn C. turning D. your turning 60：John and I ________ friends for eight years. We first got to know each other at a Christmas party. But we________ each other a couple of times before that. A. had been; have seen B. have been; have seen C. had been; had seen D. have been; had seen 61：I _______go on the trip, when it began to rain. A. was to B. was going to C. would D. was about to 62：—Do you always have weather like this in May? —Generally it’s much cooler than this. And I can’t remember ______ we ______ such a rainy day. A. when; had B. that; were having C. where; had had D. whether; will have 63：—We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time. —What do you suppose_________ to her? A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. having happened 64：—Your phone number again? I _____ quite catch it. —It's 9568442. A. didn't B. couldn't C. don't D. can't 65：—Did you tell Julia about the result? —Oh, no, I forgot. I _____ her now. A. will be calling B. will call C. call D. am to call 66:The silence of the library _______ only by the sound of pages being turned over． A. has been broken B. breaks C. broke D. was broken 67：—Do you know our town at all? —No, this is the first time I_____ here. A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming 68：—Is this raincoat yours? — No , mine _____ there behind the door. A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung 69：The new suspension（悬索）bridge________ by the end of last month. A. has been designed（设计）B. had been designed C. was designed D. would be designed 70:I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he _____ it.
A. doesn't mention B. hadn't mentioned C. didn't mention D. hasn't mentioned 71：I______ you not to move my dictionary—now I can't find it. A. asked B. ask C. was asking D. had asked 72：What do you think ____ then? A. to happen B. was happened C. happened D. happening 73：－Did you go to Dalian for the vacation? －No, I _______ to, but I got sick. A. planned B. have planned C. would plan D. had planned 74： The crazy fans ______ patiently for two hours， and they would wait to the movie star arrived． A. were waiting B. had been waiting C. had waited D. would wait 75:Great changes ________in the city and a lot of factories ______ . A. have been taken place; have been set up B. have taken place; have been set up C. are taken place; are set up D. were taken place; were set up 76:The little girl _________her heart out because she _________her toy bear and believed she wa sn't going to find it. (2002 北京春) A. had cried; lost B. cried; had lostC. has cried; has lost D. cries; has lost 77：—Is this the last exam we have to take this term? —Yes, but there________ another test three months from now. A. has B. is C. was D. will be 78:Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears _________ everything. A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D. to have been told 79：The new piano _______ well. A. is playing B. are playing C. plays D. is played 80：More patients________ in hospital this year than last year. A. treated B. have treated C. had keen D. have been treated 81：The reporter said that the UFO ____ east to west when he saw it. A. was travelling B. traveled C. had been travelling D. was to travel 82：Daniel’s family _________ their holiday in Huangshan this time next week. 徽高考题 注：2009 年安
A. are enjoying B. are to enjoy C. will enjoy D. will be enjoying 83：Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people________ to enjoy the advantages of this new technology. A. begin B. began C. have begun D. had begun 84:I wonder why Jenny ______ us recently.We should have heard from her by now. A. hasn't written B. doesn't write C. won't write D. hadn't written 85:My eyes are getting tired. I_______ for two hours. I think I'll take a break. A. have read B. read C. have been reading D. am reading 86:By the time he leaves university, he _____ much work experience so long as he takes a part-ti me job. A. will have gained B. has gained C. may have gained D. will gain 87：Let’s keep to the point or we__________ any decisions. A. will never reach B. have never reached C. never reachD. never reached 88：Once________, the man can never be forgotten.
A. seen B. seeing C. to see D. to be seen 89：—I haven’t heard from Henry for a long time. —What do you suppose__________ to him? A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. had happened 90：—Hello. Can I speak to Mary, please? —There’s no such person here. This is 6158188. —I’m terribly sorry. I think I _____ the wrong number. A. am dialling B. had dialled C. dialled D. have dialled 91:He is said ________ abroad, but we don’t know which country he studied in. A. to study B. to be studying C. to have studied D. studying 92：－How are you today？ －Oh，I ____as ill as I do now for a very long time.(2000 年高考题) A. didn't feel B. wasn't feeling C. don't feel D. haven't felt 93：When she had heard the sad news her heart ________ . A. was burst B. was bursted C. burst D. bursted 94:You needn’ t hurry her. She _______ it by the time you are ready. A. will finish B. will have finished C. will have been finishing 95：It _____ every day so far this month.
D. will be finishing
A. is raining B. rained C. rains D. has rained 96:According to the literary review, Shakespeare _______his charities live through their language in his plays. A. will make B. had made C. was making D. makes 97：—Your phone number again? I ____ quite catch it. —It's 9568442 A. didn't B. couldn't C. don't D. can't 98：Her sister ____ in bed all day because she had a high fever. A. lay B. lie C. laid D. lain 99：The girl ____, that is, she ____ a ____ shot. A. was shot dead…died of…deathly B. shot at death…died for…dead C. was shot to death…died from…deadly D. was shot deadly…dead of…dying 100：—Alice came back home the day before yesterday． —Really? Where ______ ? A. has she been B. had she been C. has she gone D. had she gone 101：This is the second time you ____ late this week. A. had arrived B. arrived C. have arrived D. arrive 102：He ____ up early since his childhood. A. used to get B. is used go get C. has been used to get D. has been used to getting
动词的时态专项练习题答案 1： C: was going, see you off 试题解析： 主句谓语动词为过去时，从句时态应与其一致。在 see off 短语中，人称代词作宾语，代词 置于中间。 2： A: was travelling 试题解析： 这道题讲述了当他看见 UFO 时，UFO 正在从东向西移动，因此用过去进行时态更生动。 3： B: arrives 试题解析： as soon as 后跟一般现在时。 4： D: has been dead 试题解析： 表示瞬间行为的终止性动词不能与表示持续意义的时间状语连用。die 通常用一般过去时。 由 for 引导的介词短语通常和现在完成时连用。常用的瞬间动词有 die, leave, marry, join 等。 5： B: have known 试题解析： C、D 两项用 recognize 属终止性动词，跟 for 10 years 矛盾，去掉。A 项 know 为一般现在时 不符合句意，去掉。B 项 have known 与 for 10 years 连用恰当，B 项正确。 6： C: has appeared 试题解析： 由 so far 可知，本句应用现在完成时。 7： B: invented 试题解析： 用一般过去时表示动作发生在过去。 8： B: have been planted 试题解析： 应用 plant 的完成式；因 plan 与 trees 为被动关系，故答案为 B。 9： B: rains 试题解析： 这道题也主要是考查学生对 if 引导的条件状语从句的掌握情况。主句用将来时从句用一般 现在时。下面再举两个例子以供同学们参考： Do not enter the lab unless you are allowed to. 经过允许才能进实验室。 I'll be back tomorrow unless there's heavy snow. 除非下大雪，否则我明天会回来的。 10： B: was given 试题解析： 11： B: have been planted 试题解析： 从句意可知，应用 plant 的完成式；因 plant 与 trees 为被动关系，故答案为 B。 12： A: hasn't written 试题解析： 本题考查动词时态的用法知识。Recently 这一副词，译为“最近”，属包括说话时在内的一段 时间，而选 A 项，现在完成时正好说明从过去到说话时这一段时间内，约翰没有给我们写
信对现在的影响。注意：本题的第二句，属画龙点睛之笔，并非画蛇添足。考生们不可忽略 题中给出的某些补充信息。这里，第二句用了虚拟语气译为：我们早就应该收到他的信了。 言外之意到目前为止没有收到他的信，前后句正好互为印证，时态互为呼应。 13： B: has been snowing 试题解析： has been snowing 是现在完成进行时，表示动作仍然在持续。其他选择不符题意。 14： A: does he 试题解析： I don’t think 引导的宾语从句，反意疑问句对从句进行反问，并且要把否定前移还原。所以 该题是对 he doesn’t like you 反问。 15： C: has happened 试题解析： 本题意为： “你认为他发生了什么事?”do you consider 只不过起插入语的作用， 所以所选答案 应在句中充当谓语。 16： D: left 试题解析： 考查动词时态，由现在完成时的用法，可知动作发生在过去，故选 D。 17： A: am taking 试题解析： 题干暗示“我将带我妈妈一起去。”A 项中 am taking 为现在进行时表示将来的时间概念。类 似的词有 go，come，leave 等。例：How are you going home next weekend?你打算下周末如 何回家? 18： B: of… to have helped 试题解析： 从 when we were in trouble 中可以看出，help 发生的时间应是谓动词 it’s kind 之前，故用完 成式。第一个空应使用 of, 因它符合下列用法：表示性格特征、行为表现的形容词+of + sb 的用法。 19： B: make up our minds 试题解析： 条件状语从句表示将来的动作时， 要用一般现在时。 当主语是复数的时候， make up one's mind 中的 mind 也要用复数形式。 20： A: slipped; was looking 试题解析： 意思是：“当没人看见的时候，汤姆溜进了屋内。” 21： A: cost 试题解析： 名词，“花费，花销”。 22： A: rises 试题解析： 指"数量"，"水位"增加（涨）到多少时，常用 rise，此时的 rise 为不及物动词，后面部分为 状语。 raise／lift／rise：（1）raise 和 lift 是及物动词，后面一事实上要带宾语。有些情况下两者可 换用。但是如果表示抽象意义（比如提高政治觉悟，生活水平、地位、名誉、声音等），要 用 raise；如果表示用体力或机械力把某一重物从地面举动一定的高度则用 lift。例如：
Can you lift the basket of earth from the ground? They raised Bob to the rank of captain.（2）rise 作不及物动词用，不能带宾语，意思是"上升，升起"。多表示起身，起立，起床，上涨，升 到地平线上等。一般说明主语自身移向较高的位置。rise 也是一个不规则动词，它的过去式 和过去分词分别是 rose 和 sisen。例如：The river has risen two feet because of the heavy rain. With great effort, he rose to his feet. 23： D: was coming 试题解析： 我以为是"过去以为"。 24： B: has often been 试题解析： 由于有 since 引导的状语修饰，因此要用现在完成时。Often 可以修饰现在完成时。 25： D: won’t take 试题解析： take up "承担"是一个不能延续的动词，它只能有两种可能，一是"已经"，二是"将要"，不会 是"现在"，所以 A 项不对。"决定已经承担"，这实际上是不能成立的，故 B、C 也应排除。 因此正确的选项是 D。 26： D: had had 试题解析： wish 引导的宾语从句表示“同过去事实相反”，因此从句中的动词应用“过去完成时”。 27： A: surrounded 试题解析： 过去分词短语做方式状语表被动。 28： B: to be washed 试题解析： 不定式作定语涉及到其逻辑主语的问题， 如果不需指出其逻辑主语或逻辑主语很明显， 就要 用不定式的主动式， 如： I have sth. to do. 意为 I’ll do it. There is nothing to do here 意为 I’ll do nothing here. 而在本句 servant 问 Master“是否有衣服要洗”，是自己来洗，而不是 Master 去 洗，有别于前者，用了不定式的被动式，C、D 两项为动名词，填上后句子语法结构不对。 29： A: sells 试题解析： sell well，用来说明主语的特点，用主动表被动。 30： D: He left school 试题解析： 因为有具体的过去时间，所以要用过去时。 31： B: be seeing 试题解析： 这句话表示将来会发生的动作。可以用将来进行时表示将来接计划将要发生的动作。 32： D: are requested 试题解析： 一般现在时的被动语态。 33： D: lacked 试题解析： lacked 作谓语动词。 34： A: to be paid more than a month later
试题解析： 全句的意思是“那个地方的工人一个多月后才得到工资是常有的事。”it 在句中作形式主语。 而不定式 to be paid more than a month 是句子的逻辑主语。 35： B: are looking 试题解析： 用现在进行时才能和后面的祈使句的含义相互呼应。 36： D: was writing 试题解析： 意为“我知道她今天早上是在写，但不知道她现在是否已经写完”。 37： A: had expected; had intended 试题解析： 本句意为： “—我们本希望你本周能修理好这台电视机。 —对不起，我曾打算本周修好它，但我太忙了。” 在英语中，有些动词如 hope，play，think，expect，intend 等表示未曾实现的希望、打算、 意图等，应用过去完成时。 38： D: doesn't work 试题解析： “昨天在这买的收音机，现在坏了。”work 指机器设备的运作。 39： D: put 试题解析： 指过去的动作，强调"放了"。 40： C: has been 试题解析： 答案：C 解析：考查动词的时态和主谓一致。根据句中的时间状语 since 1990, 主句谓语动词要用现 在完成时，选 C 或 D；the number of 后跟复数名词作主语时，谓语动词用单数形式，故答案 为 C。 41： A: actress; acting 试题解析： 从题干中可知主语是 she，故前空应用 actress 表“女演员”；后空中单词应与 is 构成进行时， 表“在演戏”之意。故正确答案为 A。 42： B: did 试题解析： did 在这里是助动词，意为“确实”。如：He did come yesterday． 43： A: forgot, will post 试题解析： “忘了”指已结束的动作，“我自己邮寄”将是在说话之后要进行的动作。 44： A: is expected 试题解析： 主语是 the painting, 物体作主语时 expect 用被动。 45： D: have read 试题解析： 选 D 是为了说明现在"已经看了三本"。A 项的重点在于"一直在看"不符合题意。B 项表示"
正在读三本书"，这不符合一般情理，而 C 项有"经常"之意，在此处也不妥。 46： B: haven’t read it 试题解析： 用现在完成时，表示对现在造成的影响和结果。 47： A: had known 试题解析： 根据题意，“我知道消息”应在“The news came”之前，即过去的过去，用过去完成时 “I had known"；而 B knew 只表示过去的动作，脱离了上一句的含义；C，D 答案均为现在 时态，与题意不吻合，亦予排除，故答案为 A。 48： C: didn’t know…was 试题解析： 表示我原不知道，但是，现在已经知道，所以用过去时。 49： D: joined 试题解析： 答案：D 解析：考查时态。句意为“你认识杰克逊博士很长时间了吗？”“是的，自从她加入中国社团 我就认识他了。”一般而言，在含有 since 引导的状语从句的复合句里，从句一般用过去时， 而主句往往会用现在完成时。根据本句中 since 的提示及句意可知从句要用过去时。故答案 为 D 项。 50： B: was working 试题解析： 过去一段时间里一直工作。 51： B: breaks 试题解析： break easily 用来说明主语的特点，用主动表被动。 52： B: had to 试题解析： [解析]in the past 在过去，与之相连的时态应为一般过去时。 53： C: was going to 试题解析： A 项不符合语法和逻辑。D 项不符合逻辑。B 项干扰最强，如果 B 项后加上 have，就对了， 表示与过去事实相反的虚拟。故 C 对。 54： A: has stopped 试题解析： 状语从句中用现在时表示将来时意义，所以 C 和 D 排除。选 A 是用现在完成时表示将来完 成时意义，语法和语意都正确。 55： C: had taught 试题解析： said 已是过去时了，A、D 两项不符合，去掉。B 项过去时，不对，去掉。C 项过去完成时， 在说 said 之前已经完成了。正确。 56： B: didn't mean 试题解析： 答案：B
解析：考查动词的时态。“没打算错过演讲”是发生在过去的事情，故使用一般过去时即可。 57： A: to have been translated 试题解析： 全句的意思是：“据说《红楼梦》在过去 10 年中已经被翻译成数十种语言”。动词不定式 to translate 这一动作发生在谓语动作之前，而且该动作的客体是本句的主语，所以应当用完 成时的被动式。 58： D: haven’t felt 试题解析： 本题考查现在完成时态。选择现在完成时表示动作发生在过去，但对现在产生结果和影响。 按照日常交际惯例，对于 How are you today？的答语应当是 Fine，thank you. 但是，本题涉 及的情境是一种特定的情况：“好长一段时间以来，我没有像今天这样难受了”。说话人是运 用 as…as 和现在完成时来强调自己今天感觉不好。 59： A: you turn 试题解析： make sure+宾语从句意为“务必，确保”，从句用一般现在时。 60： D: have been; had seen 试题解析： 本题考查动词的时态。题意为：我和约翰成为朋友已经 8 年了。我们是在一次圣诞的聚会上 认识的，但在认识之前，我们互相之间已见过几次面。根据题意和时间状语 for eight years， 第一个空应该用 have been，表示成为朋友这个动作一直持续到现在。又根据 before that 可 知，第二个空应填 had seen，表示“看见”这一动作在“成为朋友”这一件事之前，即过去的过 去，故正确答案为 D。 61： D: was about to 试题解析： 本题的关键是 when 的功能，when 较常见的用法是作从属连词引导时间状语从句，但本句 则不是，它是一个并列连词，相当于 just then,"就在这时"，并带有一种突然性。它在作这种 用法时常有两种情况，when 前面的句子用"be about to"，这样用是为了达到一种更好的修饰 目的，把当时的情景描写得更生动。be about to 有"刚要"，"正要"之意，所以选 D. 62： A: when; had 试题解析： 第一空表示时间而不是地点或假设， 用 when,第二空用一般过去时表示说话人对过去的回忆。 63： C: has happened 试题解析： 从原题中的 We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.可知，答语中的时态也应用现在完成 时。Do you suppose 是插入语。B、D 项是语法错误。 64： A: didn't 试题解析： “我刚才没有听清楚”。 65： B: will call 试题解析： 句意为“我现在就告诉朱莉亚结果”，告诉这一动作还未发生，故用一般将来时。 66： D: was broken 试题解析： 该题考查不同时态及语态的用法。句意为：图书馆非常安静，只偶尔翻动书页的声音打破这
种宁静。这里：break the silence 是动宾关系，显然要采用被动语态。另外，句子对某一场景 的细节描写往往用一般过去时，而很少用现在完成时。所以选答案为 D。 67： B: have been 试题解析： 解析：It/This is+序数词+time+that 的句型中，that 从句常用现在完成时。 68： A: is hanging 试题解析： hang 表示某物“悬挂”在某处，是不及物动词；is hanging 正悬挂在。 69： B: had been designed 试题解析： B 项中 had been designed 是过去完成时的被动语态， 表示过去某一寸刻前已经完成或发生的 动作。在此题中 by the end of last month 意为到上月月底为止’’，需要和过去完成时连用，故 B 是正确的。 70： C: didn't mention 试题解析： 只描述过去所发生的情况，但没有强调对现在的影响，用一般过去时。 71： A: asked 试题解析： 本题考查动词时态。全句合理的解释应是：我(过去)告诉过你不要动我的词典，现在我找不 到了。应用一般过去时，所以选 A 项。 72： C: happened 试题解析： 这里 do you think 为插入语。Happen 为不及物动词，没有被动语态。 73： D: had planned 试题解析： 过去完成时表示过去计划过, 但后来不一定实现。 74： B: had been waiting 试题解析： 阅读题干发现第二个分句用过去将来时态， 表明影迷们等两个小时， 截止的时间是过去某一 刻，也就是说过去某一刻的等待开始一直持续两个小时到过去某一刻，故 wait 的动作是过 去的过去，并且还要持续下去，故采用过去完成进行时态，正确答案为 B。 75： B: have taken place; have been set up 试题解析： 该题是一道时态和语态综合性考查的题。所表达的意思是：“这个城市发生了很大的变化， 建成了许多工厂”。从表述的内容看，此句可用一般过去时或现在完成时，但题中所给的选 项 D 的语态不对，即 take place 表示“发生”时永远用主动语态形式，故应排除。而只有 B 正 确，用现在完成时表示过去发生而对目前影响的事情。 76： B: cried; had lost 试题解析： 由 believed 知 cry 和 lose 都发生在过去：显然先丢后哭，丢是过去的过去。另外，cried 与 believed 为并列谓语，同为过去式。 77： D: will be 试题解析： but 是转折连词，three months from now 是一个将来的时间，所以用将来时。 78： D: to have been told
试题解析： “她似乎已知道事实真相”。tell 的动作在 appears 之前且同 she 之间存在被动关系。 79： C: plays 试题解析： 此题主语为物，play well 说明主语的特点，用主动表被动。 80： D: have been treated 试题解析： 本题考时态语态，句中 treat 与 patient 连用，应是“治疗”的意思，故全句意为：今年到医院 就医的病人去比年多。病人应被治疗，因此需被动语态，且是今年（现在）的事，故选 D， 现在完成时的被动语态。 81： A: was travelling 试题解析： 当一个动作正在进行时，另一个动作发生，应用进行时。 82： D: will be enjoying 试题解析： 答案：D 解析：考查动词时态。根据时间状语 this time next week 可确定选 D，表示在将来某个时间 正在做某事。 83： B: began 试题解析： 本题考时态和句子结构。句中 when 是关系副词，引导定语从句，修饰 the early 1990s。从句 的意思是：当时（指 in the early 1990s）人们开始喜欢这一新科技带来的好处。讲的是过去 发生的事， 与现在无关， 排除 A、 C。 从句中有表示过去具体时间的状语 （when 相当于 in the early 1990s），不能用过去完成时。 84： A: hasn't written 试题解析： 由 recently 和 by now 可知用现在完成时。 85： C: have been reading 试题解析： 从过去到现在一直在读书，故应用现在完成进行时。 86： A: will have gained 试题解析： 句中 leaves 是一般现在时表示将来；by 接将来时间，常与将来完成时连用。若 by 接过去时 间，通常就与过去完成时连用。 87： A: will never reach 试题解析： 前一个分句子祈使句，后一个分句的谓语动词要用一般将来时，表示将要发生的事情。 88： A: seen 试题解析： 过去分词做时间状语表被动。 89： C: has happened 试题解析： 粗心的考生十有八九会选 B。原因是不了解此结构是复杂疑问句。其结构为“特殊疑问词+ 插入语+特殊问句的其余部分，这类疑问句往往用来征询对某一疑问点的判断、认识、看法
和态度等。这种问句中，插入语部分一般是：do you think/ suppose/ guess/ say/ hope/ believe 等。插入语部分省略的话，句子结构仍然成立。就时态来看，排除 A 和 D，而 B 不合语法。 因此应该选 C。 90： C: dialled 试题解析： 我拨错了号码的事是发生在刚才，所以应用一般过去时。 91： C: to have studied 试题解析： 由 which country he studied in 知，他现在不在国外学习，而是在国外学习过，因此 C。 92： D: haven't felt 试题解析： 本题考查时态。第一个说话者询问对方现在的健康状况，故对方应介绍现在的情况，据此， 可先排除 A 和 B；根据 for a very long time 这个时间状语，可确定正确答案 D。本题的难点 在于应答者没有正面回答对方的询问。答语可译作："呀，我很久没感觉病得这么厉害了。 93： C: burst 试题解析： 不及物动词作主语，用主动表被动，burst 是不规则动词，“爆裂、炸破”。 94： B: will have finished 试题解析： by+将来时常与将来完成时搭配。 95： D: has rained 试题解析： so far this month 强调的是"这个月以来"。表示从过去一直到现在要用现在完成时。 96： D: makes 试题解析：答案：D 解析：考查动词时态。由前文的根据文学评论，便可排除 A、C。莎翁在剧本中是通过语言 使其人物活生生地展现出来的。这里不存在过去的过去，不可以用过去完成时。选项中没有 一般过去时。故 D 为最佳选项。 97： A: didn't 试题解析：原题中的 Your phone number again? 可理解为 Could/Would you tell me your phone number again? I didn't catch it (just now)表示我刚才没有 听清楚。在电话用语中，如没听清对方，用一般过去时表示。 98： A: lay 试题解析： lie 的过去时。lie(躺)的四种形式为：lie, lay, lain, lying。选项 C 为 lay(放置、产卵)的过去式 和过去分词。 99： C: was shot to death…died from…deadly 试题解析： the girl 是动作 shoot 的承受者，用被动语态。 100： B: had she been 试题解析： 问句问的是她前天回来之前去了哪里，故用过去完成时态；注意 had gone 表示人未回来， 与第一句相矛盾。
试题解析： This is the first(second)time+从句。这是一个句型。从句谓语用现在完成时。 102： D: has been used to getting 101： C: have arrived 试题解析： 首先根据句意“从小时候起他就习惯于早起”， 所以应该选择 be used to doing sth 习惯于...; 句 末有 since 引导的时间状语，因此须用完成时态。
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