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牛津译林版M3U2 language points


Module 3 Unit 2

Language

Language points 语言点
Learning aims: 1. To further understand the text by analyzing some difficult sentences. 2. To learn the usage of some k

ey words and phrases. Important points: Usage of words and phrases. 【自主学习】 单词拼写 1. While she was speaking, she made her p___________(发音) very clear. 2. We used to drive our car a lot, but _________(现在) petrol costs too much. 3. His v__________(词汇)was altogether too limited for his expressions. 4. They keep two _______( 仆人): a cook and a gardener. 5. The Chinese language, our mother t_________, is the most beautiful language in the world. 6. Canada has two o__________ languagesa; English and French. 7. He has made a great c_____________ to mankind. 8.The fire was c________ (控制)and at last it was put out. 9.Scientists will find a kind of resource (能源)to r_________ oil 10.Producing a dictionary is a slow __________( 过程)。 11.With the _________(发展) of industry, more and more waste is produced. 12.France plays an importance part in _________( 欧洲的) history. 13.Whenever you have questions in class, first you should (举起) your hand. 14.He tasted the (混合物) and gave a smile. 【基础过关】Translate the following and then learn them by heart 1. stand for ___________ 2. be made up of ____________ 3. be different from______________ 4. consist of ___________ 5.name after _____________ 6.aside from __________ 7.feel puzzled about________________ 8.play a part in __________ 9.lead to ____________ 10.make __________ to 对… 做出贡献 11. take control of ___________ 12. as well ________ 13.instead of _________________ 14. add … to… 把… 加到…上 15. such as ________________ 16.come into _________ use 广泛使用 17.go through ____________ 18 way of doing sth. 做某事的方式 19.feel puzzled about ________ 21.play a part in____________ 22. make contributions to___________ 【经典句子】 1That is _______ English has so many difficult rules ________________ . 这就是英语有很多令人迷惑的规则的原因。 2.The brought with them their language, _________________ Old English. 他们也带来了他们的语言, 而他们的语言也和古英语交汇在一起。 3._________ the Normans spoke French for the entire 250 years they ruled England, French did not replace English as the first language.
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尽管诺曼人在统治英格兰的整整 250 年间一直讲法语, 但是法语并没有取代英 语成为第一语言。 4.After the Norman Conquest, high- class people spoke French _______________________. 诺曼征服之后, 上层阶级说法语, 而普通人说英语。 5.The question of __________ English will keep on changing in the future _______________. 英语在未来是不是还要继续变化这个问题很容易回答。 【合作探究】跟同学们一起讨论和学习并掌握一些的语言点。 1. be made up of 由??组成,(在含义上)可与 consist of 互换 2. 在用法上,be made up of 可根据具体语境使用主动(make up)或被动语态, 可用过去分词形式作后置定语, 而 consist of 不用于被动语态, 作后置定语 时只能用现在分词。 Eg. 1.The class is made up of 15 girl students and 20 boy students. = The class consists of 15 girl students and 20 boy students. 注意两者作定语时的区别 2.a group made up of five doctors and 10 nurses= a group consisting of five doctors and 10 nurses consist of 组成/构成 A university consists of teachers, administrators and students. 大学由教师,行政人员和学生组成。 Our book consists of 3 units. 我们的书有 3 单元。 Practice : 1. The team _______ (make) up of then boys will come this afternoon. 2. At last they decided to buy the apartment ________( consist) of three rooms. 3. Our football team, started up several years ago and now _______ 24 players, has won the championship this year. A leading to B consisting of C making up of D working as 4. 我们班是由 45 名学生和 7 位老师构成的。 (翻译成英语) ____________________________________________________. ____________________________________________________. 【拓展】: be made in 在… 生产/ 制造 (介词后跟地点) be made of 由??制成(能看出原材料) be made from 由??制成(看不出原材料) be made into 被制成…(介词后跟产品/ 制成品) make up 组成,编制,弥补,化妆,和解 make up for 弥补,补偿 make out 理解,辨认出 1.Paper is made from wood. 2.Desks are made of wood. 3.The USA is made up of 50 states.
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4.Corn can be made into flour. 【即学即用】用适当的介词填空 1. The desk is made __________ wood . 2. Paper is made__________ wood . 3. The machines were made __________ the workers . 4. This kind of watch is made _________ Shanghai. 5. The team is made__________ 30 students and a teacher . 6. This kite is made __________ paper . 7. Salt is made __________seawater . 8. The old bridge is made__________ stone . 9. This kind of drink is made_________ apple . 10.She_made_______a story to comfort her little daughter. 2.contribution n. 贡献;促成因素;捐款 make contributions to/towards 对??作出贡献 contribute to A. to help to lead to the result 导致; Drink contributed to his death. 酒造成了他的死亡。 B 捐(款);捐献,捐助 (donate to) 他将积蓄的一半捐献给红十字会。 He contributed half of his savings to the Red Cross. C. 投(稿) [(+to)] 他给杂志投稿他的诗。 He contributed his poems to the magazine. 【即学即用】 A proper amount of exercise_______good health. A.spent from B. contributes to C. attends to D. Devotes to 2)He _______ all his time and energy to his work. A. spent B.cost C. contributes D.combined 3.Occupy Vt 占领,占用(空间或时间等) ,使忙碌 (1)occupy sb./oneself in doing sth.使某人/自己忙于做某事 occupy sb./oneself with sth.使某人/自己忙于某事 (2)occupied adj. 忙碌的;已占用的 be occupied in doing sth. 忙于做某事 be occupied with sth. 忙于某事 (3)occupation n. 占领;职业;工作;消遣 lose one's occupation 失业 1.The child occupied himself in playing the flute. 那孩子只顾着吹笛子。 2.She keeps herself fully occupied with volunteer activities. 她使自己全身心地忙于志愿者活动。 Ⅰ.[基础题] 用 occupy 的适当形式填空 ①She herself with routine tasks in the office. ②The room showed signs of human . ③She herself in writing a novel. 4.defeat V 击败,战胜,挫败,使??失败
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e.g. 1) In June 1815,Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. 2) Class Two defeated Class Four in the football match yesterday. n 失败,战胜 e.g.The news of the enemy's defeat quickly circulated round the town 比较:win/ beat/ defeat win 指在游戏、比赛、竞争、选举中获胜,后面不能接人,可用于短语 win a battle/victory/prize
beat defeat 指在运动比赛、竞赛中获胜,打败了其他人或其他队,可用于短语 beat sb. at/ in sth. 与 beat 意思及用法相同,但 defeat 较为正式。若指一个国家在战争中获胜则只能用飞 defeat,可用于短语 defeat sb. by ? points

【即学即用】 1)昨天游泳我赢了她。 I ________________ her at swimming yesterday. I ______________the match yesterday.

2)我赢了昨天那场比赛。 5.take control of

控制,取得对??的控制

e.g. You can’t take control of others but you can control yourself. 【拓展】: in control of ? 控制;掌握;管理 in the control of ?/under the control of ?在??的控制下 be/ come/ bring/get under control 在控制下 be/get out of control 无法控制 lose control of ?失控 【即学即用】用上面的短语完成句子。 The boy is no longer _______________________his parents. Police at present_______________ the crowd. They asked for help.

With the help of firefighters, they got the fire ______________. Mum was angry to see her children_______________. Who do you let be ____________ your class while you’re out? 6.Lead to 导致;通往??(result in /bring about /cause) e.g. 1)All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

2)Eating too many hamburgers can lead to heath problems. 【拓展】: lead sb. to do sth. lead sb. to +名词 导致某人做某事 把某人引向??

lead a ??life 过着??生活
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【即学即用】 1)他的话使我们相信他是对的. What he said ______________he was right. 2)走这条路你就能到镇上。 The road__________________________.

3)除癌症外,吸烟还可引起其他疾病。 Besides cancer, smoking can _____________________. 6. Replace vt 替换,代替,取代;把??送回(原处) 刹车需要更换。 电灯已经取代了蜡烛。

e.g.The brakes have to be replaced. Electric lights have replaced candles. She replaced the receiver. 【拓展】 Replace A with B Take one’s place 用 B 代替 A 取代某人,代替某人

她将听筒放了回去。

Take the place of sb.

代替某人,取代某人

In place of sb.=instead of sb. 代替某人 【即学即用】 1)有什么东西能代替母爱吗?Can anything _________ a mother ’s _______. 2)我用新窗户代替了破了的窗户。 I replaced the broken windows____________new ones. 3) 报纸阅读后放回原处。_________________________after reading.(Replace the newspapers) 7. result in V. 1). 结果;导致 (lead to)

Carelessness resulted in lots of accidents. 粗心造成大量交通事故。 2). result from (because of, due to) His failure resulted largely from his n. 结果;成果;效果 laziness. 他的失败主要是懒惰所致。

They worked without result.他们徒劳无功。 The result of the match was 2-1 to Chicago.比赛结果是以 2 比 1 赢芝加哥队。 as a result (of) It rains today, as a result, we have to put off our picnic. = As a result of rain, we have to put off our picnic. 【即学即用】
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1) His success _____ working hard. Too much cigarettes _____ his deaths. He had to take a taxi to work ______the bad weather. A. result in B. as a result of C.results from D. as a result

2)由于吃太多,他肚子疼。His stomachache______________his eating too much. 3)美国的袭击使本拉登死亡。 The American’s attack _______________the death of 4)由于下雨,会议取消了。 ____________________, the meeting has been put off. 8. raise vt. / n 养育,培养;举起;增加,提高,募集;提及 Bin Laden.

翻译下列句中 raise 的汉语意思。 1). The baby was raised on soybean milk._________________________ 2). The landlord raised my rent to $200.__________________________ 3 ) . They are going to raise money for the school

buildings._________________________ 4). He raised his glass and said: "Your health, Carl."________________________ 选择题 5)Mary and her classmates have ______ up to 20,000 yuan for the Hope Project since last term. A risen 【句型结构】 1. That is why English has so many difficult rules that confuse people. Why 在此引导______从句,that 在此引导________从句。 Eg:Li Ming looks unhappy.That is ________ he didn't pass the maths exam yesterday. Li Ming didn't pass the maths exam yesterday. That's _______ he looks unhappy. Ex:_______ she couldn't understand was _______ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A.What,why B.That,what C.What,because D.Why,that 2.After the Norman Conquest, high—class people spoke French while commom people spoke English. 1)While 此处作连词,意为________,表一种_______关系。 Eg: Most boys like maths while most girls like English. 2)while 作连词还可以表“当…的时候” ,后加延续性动词或表状态的词。 Eg:她在等她朋友时听着音乐。 __________________________________________________________________ 3)还可表“尽管,虽然”的意思
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B raised C arisen

D aroused

Eg:While I am not interested in English ,Istill work hard at it. 3.The question of whether English will keep on changing in the future is easy to answer. 翻译: ________________________________________________________________ 1) whether 在此处引导_________从句 2)主语+easy/hard/difficult+to do sth: Eg:他是个很容易相处的人。 _____________________________________________________________________ 你是否能通过这次考试的这个问题不难回答。 _____________________________________________________________________ 4.It is certain that this process will continue, and people will keep inventing new words and new ways of saying things.这种过程肯定还会继续下去,人们还会继续 发明一些表达新事物的新词汇和方式。 It is certain +that 从句是固定句型,意思是“一定会…” ,it 是____________,that this process will continue 是真正的_________。 Eg:你肯定会通过面试(interview)的,如果你准备充分。 ___________________________________________________________________

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