Module 3 Unit 2
Language points 语言点
Learning aims: 1. To further understand the text by analyzing some difficult sentences. 2. To learn the usage of some k
ey words and phrases. Important points: Usage of words and phrases. 【自主学习】 单词拼写 1. While she was speaking, she made her p___________(发音) very clear. 2. We used to drive our car a lot, but _________(现在) petrol costs too much. 3. His v__________（词汇）was altogether too limited for his expressions. 4. They keep two _______( 仆人): a cook and a gardener. 5. The Chinese language, our mother t_________, is the most beautiful language in the world. 6. Canada has two o__________ languagesa; English and French. 7. He has made a great c_____________ to mankind. 8.The fire was c________ (控制)and at last it was put out. 9.Scientists will find a kind of resource （能源）to r_________ oil 10.Producing a dictionary is a slow __________( 过程)。 11.With the _________(发展) of industry, more and more waste is produced. 12.France plays an importance part in _________( 欧洲的) history. 13.Whenever you have questions in class, first you should (举起) your hand. 14.He tasted the (混合物) and gave a smile. 【基础过关】Translate the following and then learn them by heart 1. stand for ___________ 2. be made up of ____________ 3. be different from______________ 4. consist of ___________ 5.name after _____________ 6.aside from __________ 7.feel puzzled about________________ 8.play a part in __________ 9.lead to ____________ 10.make __________ to 对… 做出贡献 11. take control of ___________ 12. as well ________ 13.instead of _________________ 14. add … to… 把… 加到…上 15. such as ________________ 16.come into _________ use 广泛使用 17.go through ____________ 18 way of doing sth. 做某事的方式 19.feel puzzled about ________ 21.play a part in____________ 22. make contributions to___________ 【经典句子】 1That is _______ English has so many difficult rules ________________ . 这就是英语有很多令人迷惑的规则的原因。 2.The brought with them their language, _________________ Old English. 他们也带来了他们的语言， 而他们的语言也和古英语交汇在一起。 3._________ the Normans spoke French for the entire 250 years they ruled England, French did not replace English as the first language.
尽管诺曼人在统治英格兰的整整 250 年间一直讲法语， 但是法语并没有取代英 语成为第一语言。 4.After the Norman Conquest, high- class people spoke French _______________________. 诺曼征服之后， 上层阶级说法语， 而普通人说英语。 5.The question of __________ English will keep on changing in the future _______________. 英语在未来是不是还要继续变化这个问题很容易回答。 【合作探究】跟同学们一起讨论和学习并掌握一些的语言点。 1. be made up of 由??组成，(在含义上)可与 consist of 互换 2. 在用法上，be made up of 可根据具体语境使用主动(make up)或被动语态， 可用过去分词形式作后置定语， 而 consist of 不用于被动语态， 作后置定语 时只能用现在分词。 Eg. 1.The class is made up of 15 girl students and 20 boy students. = The class consists of 15 girl students and 20 boy students. 注意两者作定语时的区别 2.a group made up of five doctors and 10 nurses= a group consisting of five doctors and 10 nurses consist of 组成/构成 A university consists of teachers, administrators and students. 大学由教师,行政人员和学生组成。 Our book consists of 3 units. 我们的书有 3 单元。 Practice : 1. The team _______ (make) up of then boys will come this afternoon. 2. At last they decided to buy the apartment ________( consist) of three rooms. 3. Our football team, started up several years ago and now _______ 24 players, has won the championship this year. A leading to B consisting of C making up of D working as 4. 我们班是由 45 名学生和 7 位老师构成的。 （翻译成英语） ____________________________________________________. ____________________________________________________. 【拓展】: be made in 在… 生产/ 制造 （介词后跟地点） be made of 由??制成（能看出原材料） be made from 由??制成（看不出原材料） be made into 被制成…(介词后跟产品/ 制成品) make up 组成，编制，弥补，化妆，和解 make up for 弥补，补偿 make out 理解，辨认出 1.Paper is made from wood. 2.Desks are made of wood. 3.The USA is made up of 50 states.
4.Corn can be made into flour. 【即学即用】用适当的介词填空 1. The desk is made __________ wood . 2. Paper is made__________ wood . 3. The machines were made __________ the workers . 4. This kind of watch is made _________ Shanghai. 5. The team is made__________ 30 students and a teacher . 6. This kite is made __________ paper . 7. Salt is made __________seawater . 8. The old bridge is made__________ stone . 9. This kind of drink is made_________ apple . 10.She_made_______a story to comfort her little daughter. 2.contribution n. 贡献；促成因素；捐款 make contributions to/towards 对??作出贡献 contribute to A. to help to lead to the result 导致; Drink contributed to his death. 酒造成了他的死亡。 B 捐(款);捐献,捐助 (donate to) 他将积蓄的一半捐献给红十字会。 He contributed half of his savings to the Red Cross. C. 投(稿) [(+to)] 他给杂志投稿他的诗。 He contributed his poems to the magazine. 【即学即用】 A proper amount of exercise_______good health. A.spent from B. contributes to C. attends to D. Devotes to 2）He _______ all his time and energy to his work. A. spent B.cost C. contributes D.combined 3.Occupy Vt 占领，占用（空间或时间等） ，使忙碌 (1)occupy sb./oneself in doing sth.使某人/自己忙于做某事 occupy sb./oneself with sth.使某人/自己忙于某事 (2)occupied adj. 忙碌的；已占用的 be occupied in doing sth. 忙于做某事 be occupied with sth. 忙于某事 (3)occupation n. 占领；职业；工作；消遣 lose one's occupation 失业 1.The child occupied himself in playing the flute. 那孩子只顾着吹笛子。 2.She keeps herself fully occupied with volunteer activities. 她使自己全身心地忙于志愿者活动。 Ⅰ.[基础题] 用 occupy 的适当形式填空 ①She herself with routine tasks in the office. ②The room showed signs of human . ③She herself in writing a novel. 4.defeat V 击败，战胜，挫败，使??失败
e.g. 1) In June 1815,Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. 2) Class Two defeated Class Four in the football match yesterday. n 失败，战胜 e.g.The news of the enemy's defeat quickly circulated round the town 比较：win/ beat/ defeat win 指在游戏、比赛、竞争、选举中获胜，后面不能接人，可用于短语 win a battle/victory/prize
beat defeat 指在运动比赛、竞赛中获胜，打败了其他人或其他队，可用于短语 beat sb. at/ in sth. 与 beat 意思及用法相同，但 defeat 较为正式。若指一个国家在战争中获胜则只能用飞 defeat，可用于短语 defeat sb. by ? points
【即学即用】 1)昨天游泳我赢了她。 I ________________ her at swimming yesterday. I ______________the match yesterday.
2)我赢了昨天那场比赛。 5.take control of
e.g. You can’t take control of others but you can control yourself. 【拓展】: in control of ? 控制；掌握；管理 in the control of ?/under the control of ?在??的控制下 be/ come/ bring/get under control 在控制下 be/get out of control 无法控制 lose control of ?失控 【即学即用】用上面的短语完成句子。 The boy is no longer _______________________his parents. Police at present_______________ the crowd. They asked for help.
With the help of firefighters, they got the fire ______________. Mum was angry to see her children_______________. Who do you let be ____________ your class while you’re out? 6.Lead to 导致；通往??(result in /bring about /cause) e.g. 1）All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。
2）Eating too many hamburgers can lead to heath problems. 【拓展】: lead sb. to do sth. lead sb. to +名词 导致某人做某事 把某人引向??
lead a ??life 过着??生活
【即学即用】 1)他的话使我们相信他是对的. What he said ______________he was right. 2)走这条路你就能到镇上。 The road__________________________.
3)除癌症外，吸烟还可引起其他疾病。 Besides cancer, smoking can _____________________. 6. Replace vt 替换，代替，取代；把??送回（原处） 刹车需要更换。 电灯已经取代了蜡烛。
e.g.The brakes have to be replaced. Electric lights have replaced candles. She replaced the receiver. 【拓展】 Replace A with B Take one’s place 用 B 代替 A 取代某人，代替某人
Take the place of sb.
In place of sb.=instead of sb. 代替某人 【即学即用】 1）有什么东西能代替母爱吗？Can anything _________ a mother ’s _______. 2）我用新窗户代替了破了的窗户。 I replaced the broken windows____________new ones. 3) 报纸阅读后放回原处。_________________________after reading.(Replace the newspapers) 7. result in V. 1）. 结果;导致 (lead to)
Carelessness resulted in lots of accidents. 粗心造成大量交通事故。 2）. result from (because of, due to) His failure resulted largely from his n. 结果;成果;效果 laziness. 他的失败主要是懒惰所致。
They worked without result.他们徒劳无功。 The result of the match was 2-1 to Chicago.比赛结果是以 2 比 1 赢芝加哥队。 as a result (of) It rains today, as a result, we have to put off our picnic. = As a result of rain, we have to put off our picnic. 【即学即用】
1) His success _____ working hard. Too much cigarettes _____ his deaths. He had to take a taxi to work ______the bad weather. A. result in B. as a result of C.results from D. as a result
2)由于吃太多，他肚子疼。His stomachache______________his eating too much. 3)美国的袭击使本拉登死亡。 The American’s attack _______________the death of 4)由于下雨，会议取消了。 ____________________, the meeting has been put off. 8. raise vt. / n 养育，培养；举起；增加，提高，募集；提及 Bin Laden.
翻译下列句中 raise 的汉语意思。 1）. The baby was raised on soybean milk._________________________ 2）. The landlord raised my rent to $200.__________________________ 3 ） . They are going to raise money for the school
buildings._________________________ 4）. He raised his glass and said: "Your health, Carl."________________________ 选择题 5）Mary and her classmates have ______ up to 20,000 yuan for the Hope Project since last term. A risen 【句型结构】 1. That is why English has so many difficult rules that confuse people. Why 在此引导______从句，that 在此引导________从句。 Eg:Li Ming looks unhappy.That is ________ he didn't pass the maths exam yesterday. Li Ming didn't pass the maths exam yesterday. That's _______ he looks unhappy. Ex:_______ she couldn't understand was _______ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A.What,why B.That,what C.What,because D.Why,that 2.After the Norman Conquest, high—class people spoke French while commom people spoke English. 1)While 此处作连词，意为________,表一种_______关系。 Eg: Most boys like maths while most girls like English. 2)while 作连词还可以表“当…的时候” ，后加延续性动词或表状态的词。 Eg:她在等她朋友时听着音乐。 __________________________________________________________________ 3)还可表“尽管，虽然”的意思
B raised C arisen
Eg:While I am not interested in English ,Istill work hard at it. 3.The question of whether English will keep on changing in the future is easy to answer. 翻译： ________________________________________________________________ 1) whether 在此处引导_________从句 2）主语+easy/hard/difficult+to do sth: Eg:他是个很容易相处的人。 _____________________________________________________________________ 你是否能通过这次考试的这个问题不难回答。 _____________________________________________________________________ 4.It is certain that this process will continue, and people will keep inventing new words and new ways of saying things.这种过程肯定还会继续下去，人们还会继续 发明一些表达新事物的新词汇和方式。 It is certain +that 从句是固定句型，意思是“一定会…” ，it 是____________，that this process will continue 是真正的_________。 Eg:你肯定会通过面试（interview）的,如果你准备充分。 ___________________________________________________________________
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