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非谓语动词用法总结


非谓语动词用法总结 一 动词不定式 to do

1.以下动词后常跟不定式作宾语和宾语补足语 want to do sth agree to do sth decide to do sth plan, to do sth learn to do sth hope to do sth fail to do sth happen to do sth , allow

sb to do sth asksb to do sth tell sb to do sth showt(sb)o do sth teach (sb)to do sth invite(sb) to do sth encourage(sb)to do sth prefer to do sth refuse(sb)to do sth expect to do sth offer to do sth try to do sth would like to do sth remember to do sth forget to do sth seem to do sth volunteer to do sth help sb do sth /to do sth in order to do sth get/be ready to do wish sb. to do sth. can’t wait to do have to do sth can/can’t afford t do make a decision to do sth, be sure to do sth be able to do sth stop to do sth sb need to do sth / sth need doing/ sth need to be done 2 sb be + adj(表示人心情的词)+ to do sth sb+be +sorry / glad / surprised / pleased / angry / happy / sure /excited/ amazed/relaxed/ lucky/ to do sth 3.. too …to do sth too +adj/adv+ to do sth 4.….enough to do sth adj/adv+ enough +(for sb )to do sth 5 疑问词+不定式: how ,when , where, what, which + to do sth 6 .固定短语后用动词不定式: (do)try one’s best to do sth, It takes sb some time to do sth, It’s one’s turn to do sth. It’s time(for sb.) to do sth. find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth. It’s + adj + to do sth It’s + adj + of / for sb to do sth It’s easy / hard / important/ / impossible / interesting / difficult / necessary / …for sb to do sth(adj 描述不定式 to do sth 的特征,性质时常用 for sb) It’s good / kind / nice / wise / clever/ rude / patient / polite / foolish / right / wrong /

careful of sb to do sth (描述主语人的性质,身份和特征时常用 of sb) 7..the+序数词 first/second/third…+名词/代词+to do sth 表示第几做… 8..名词或代词+不定式。不定式 to do 放名词或代词后修饰名词或代词 I need something to drink he has no money to buy a computer \ smile is the best way to make new friends they need a room to live in 9.不定式 to do 可用来表示目的可放句首.句末 二. 使用 V-ing 分词的几种情况 (一)以下固定搭配 enjoy doing sth feel like doing sth go on doing sth try doing sth mind doing sth practice doing sth can't help doing sth keep on doing Have fun doing sth look forward to doing sth, have trouble/problem (in) doing sth, have fun (in) doing sth, pay attention to doing sth, be / get used to doing sth, spend time doing sth, be always doing sth be worth doing sth
prefer doing sth to doing sth

finish doing sth; stop doing sth like doing sth prefer doing sth miss doing sth be busy doing sth waste time/money doing ; keep sb.doing succeed(in)doing sth have difficulty (in) doing sth, have a hard /difficult time doing sth, be against doing sth end up doing sth, stay up doing sth, put off doing sth, give up doing sth, imagine doing sth
feel like doing sth

2. there be 句型中 here+be(is /are / was /were/will be/mustbe)sb/sth doing sth +地点 表示某地有某 人某事某物正在做… 3..go +ving 表示进行某项活动构成的词组 go shopping / swimming / skating / hiking / fishing / walking /boating /dating / 4. do+some/the /one’s+ving 5. ving+n 构成名词短语 常用短语中 用 Ving 形式 swimming pool, running star, smoking room, working hours,

7. 动词或动词短语作句子的主语用 ving 形式 ving 形式放在 be 之后作表语常 表示经常 习惯性做某事 或做某事是一种兴趣爱好 6. 感官动词后接动词 ing 形表示动作正在发生 see sb /sth doing sth hear sb /sth doing sth

watch sb /sth doing sth notice sb /sth doing sth 7. No+ving 表示禁止 8..在进行时态中

feel sb /sth doing sth find sb /sth doing sth No swimming No smoking No talking

No parking

9. 在介词后面用 V-ing 常用介词有:

三 动词原形 1 使役动词后面接动词原形 let sb do sth have sb do sth make sb do sth 2 . 感官动词后接动词原形表示动作已完成或经常发生 see sb do sth hear sb do sth watch sb do sth feel sb do sth notice sb do sth find sb do sth 3 情态动词后使用动词原形; 常用情态动词 can can’t could couldn’t should shouldn’t would wouldn’t may might must musn’t 4. 祈使句中使用动词原形 肯定句;动词原形头 否定句;Don’t+动词原形 5. 表部分提建议的短语后用动词原形 had better(not) do sth why not do sth why don ’ t you do sth will/could/would/youplease(not) dosth 6。 固定结构中用动词原形: would rather do sth than do sth would rather do sth Prefer to do sth would rather do sth 7 句中有助动词使用动词原形:常用助动词 do don’t does doesn’t did didn’t will won’t


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