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小作文常用句子和短语


2014 考研英语: 小作文写作常用短语及句子
1、常用与开头的短语、句式 (1)with the(rapidly)growing popularity of(computers/private cars)in China, quality of our the lives has been considerably changed. (2)With the(rapid)growth of(our economy/population) , many problems such as(water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management)are beginng to surface (3)With the development of(science and technology/market economy),more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that… (4)Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures)。 (5)Nowadays ,a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in China .some people believe that…,whereas others argue that… (6)There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers)。To begin with,… Next,…Last,…There are,on the oher hand,many reasons against it,First,…Second,… Finally,… (7)There are many advantanges and disadvantages in(owning a car)。 (8)There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something (9)Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons.The first reason is that…The second reason is that…/On the one hand ,…On the other hand,… (10)The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social problems)depend on three factors… (11)The tow major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products )are… 2.常用于结尾的短语、句式 (1)It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to…… (2)To conclude,we can see that(the best way/the possible solution)is…… (3)In short, (shortages of water, decrease of fertile fields and environmental pollution)are the major problems to be solved to(increase rain production)。 (4)In order to make our world a better palce in which to live we should make great efforts to…… (5)In a word,there are three suggestions we must follow,only in this way can we(achieve a great success)。 (6)It is time for us to take an actie part in…… (7)Let us work hand in hand in hand to(solve these social problems) 3.陈述或论证观点、看法(view,point,opinion)、原因(reason、cause)、方法、手段、 措施、 步骤……(method, means, measures, step……)、 因素(factor)、 利弊、 优缺点(advantage, disadvantage)时常用的词语、句式: (1)引述段落提出问题时常用的句式、词语: ……的原因有许多。There are many reasons why…… ……的原因如下;The reasons why……are as follows 我的看法是……My opinon is that

(2)展开段落论证时常用的句式、词语: ①、 第一层次(首先)First, Firstly, the first place, In First of all, begin with, one thing. To For 我的第一理由是……My first reason is that…… 主要因素是……The main factor is that…… ②第二层次(其次)Second,Secondly,In the Second plce,Next,Then,For another, 另一种方法是……Another means of……is to do…… 第二种解决方法是……the second solution is that…… ③第三层次(第三点)Third, athirdly, besides, adition, in furthermore, what is more important (3)总结性段落常用句式、词语: 最后一点 last,lastly,finally,in the last place,last of all,in short,in brief 简言之 in a word,in summary,tosum up 总之,in conclusion,on the whole,altogether,in all 因此,so,thus,hence,therefor.Consequently,for thee reasons 结果,in consequence,as a result 由此可见……it will be seen from it that 如 上 所 述 , 我 们 可 以 得 出 结 论 … … as has been said above , we can conclude/make a conclusion/draw a conclusion/reach a conclusion come to aconclusion that…… (4)将事物的正反、好坏两方面,或者将两种不同事物进行比较,对比时常用的句式、 短语: 然而 while,whereas,but,however,nevertheless 尽管如此 in spite of that,despite all this 但在另一方面 but on the other hand 与……相比 in/by in comparison with……/as compare with…… 对比之下 by/in contrast 与……相反 as opposed to……/instead of…… 相反 on the contrary,instead 他们的区别如下 The differences sre as follows;the differences can be described as follows A 与 B 之间的不同在于……the differences between A and B is /lies in/exests in/consists in……;A is different from B in……


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