Unit 4 Module 3
学号_______________ 姓名_______________ 学号 姓名 命题： 命题： Pink 单词拼写（ 一. 单词拼写（ 20 分） 1．The ship was carried out of the sea by a _______________(猛烈的)
storm. 2．We should improve our social _______________(体系) to improve our lives. 3．A piece of wood is ________________(漂浮) on the water in the distance. 4．Smoking is _____________ （有害的）to your health. 5．We can’t _________________(生存) without air or water. 6．We can’t jump out of the earth because there is _________________ (地心引力） 7．There is a tense (紧张的) ______________ (气氛)in the exam. 8．I am _________________(迷惑) by the difficult question. 9. Nowadays, environmental problems have became a ___________________( 全 球 性 的 ) problem. 10. Maybe in one hundred years, people are able to visit the moon by _______________(宇宙飞船) in their holidays. 11．In summer, mosquitoes _______________ (繁殖) very fast. 12．Steven Hawking put forward a series of ______________(理论) to explain the black holes. 13．It is said that a comet _____________ (碰撞) into the earth 500 years ago. 14．______________(不像) the steam trains, the present trains are driven by electricity. 15．Without enough strength, he had to ____________(拉) the heavy box with a rope. 16．The experiment led to a ___________ (连锁) reaction. 17．As we know, ____________(氧) is important to the living things on the earth. 18．I _____________(阻止) him from hitting the child. 19．I was ____________(高兴) when I heard you won the prize. 20．Every Autumn, ____________(上十亿的) of ants are busy collecting food in the forest. 二、用所给单词的适当形式填空 ( 20 分) 1. (like) This girl looked very much __________ her mother. However, ____________ the girls of her age, she dreamed of becoming a physicist. 2. Christians go to the church every week. They have a strong _____________ belief. They always believe in their _____________. (religion) 3. The pollutions made by people have caused the _____________ warming. So human beings should protect our _____________. (globe) 4. As a middle school student, we should not use _____________ to solve problems. We should fight against the _____________ actions. (violent) 5. The _____________ of water made it possible for life to begin, The people _____________ at the party can get a beautiful _____________. (present) 6. Playing too much computer games does _____________ to our study. It’s also _____________ to stare at the computer for a long time. (harmful) 7. The gentleman put the little cat on the _____________ cloth _____________. (gentle) 8. The source of the earth becomes _____________ and _____________. We should _____________ the harm to the earth.(lessen) 9. Working hard for a whole week, I feel so ____________ that I am tried of the ____________work. (exhaust) 三: 选用所给所给短语并用其正确形式填空 （ 10 ）
begin with get close to have a chance
give birth to fall over depend on
make a trip now that
provide…with cheer up
1. Whether we will go out or not ___________________ the weather. 2. I have a chance of ____________________ into space with my friend Li. 3. _______________ you are wrong, you should make an apology (道歉) to your Mum. 4. She ________________ and broke her leg. 5. Mrs. Chen became much fatter after __________________ her baby. 6. Our parents _______________ food and clothes ! 7. __________________! The news isn’t too bad. 8. Don’t _______________ fire, it’s dangerous. 9. The Christmas Eve ______________ a holly song and ended up with a wonderful play. 10. Last month I was lucky enough _______________________ to go abroad.
五． 语境填空 （10 分）
After the “Big Bang”, the earth was first a cloud of energetic dust and then a ball moved around the sun. At that time, 1_______ the solid shape was to last or not was not clear. The earth exploded loudly and produced useful thing to make the earth’s atmosphere. As the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface, 2__________ made it different from other planets going around the sun. Many people think 3____________ this was important for the beginning of life and that made 4______ possible for life to begin to develop. 5 ________scientists think is that the earth was different because of the 6________(arrive) of small plants growing in the water on its surface. Many million of years 7______(late) the first green plants began to appear 8________ land. Later land animal appeared. Small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the earth. As time went by, they put too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which prevent heat from 9___________(escape) from the heat into space. Whether life will continue on the earth for million of years to come will depend on 10______________ this problem can be solved. 五 单句翻译 （ 20 分） 1. 既然你已经通过了驾驶考试，你就可以独自开车了。(now that) 2. 是什么事使他不能参加我们的会议仍然是个谜。(prevent…from) 3. 昨天晚会的气氛非常欢快，每一个人都度过了美好的时光。(atmosphere; joyful) 4. 当他意识到他可以及时到达赶上飞机时，他终于振奋起来。(in time;cheer up) 5. 听说她生了一个如此大的男婴，我们都感到非常惊讶。 （give birth to） 6. 我经常感到疑惑，为什么有些家长允许自己的孩子暴力影片。 （wonder ; allow） 7.消防队员及时赶到，阻止了火灾的发生。(in time; prevent…from ; break out) 8. 既然你已经适应了这里的环境,你应该努力学习.(now that, get the hang of)
9. 他是否会成功取决于他的努力。 （主语从句；depend on） （双语报 B4） 10. 有机会看到神舟五号的发射，我感到很幸运。 六．完型填空 （20 分） New Zealand has a ____1_____ of about 3.8 million people, ____2_____ about fourteen percent are Maori. English and Maori are their official languages. All the street signs must be written in ____3____ languages: English and Maori.. New Zealand has a very beautiful natural landscape ___4___ green hills and mountains. If we visit New Zealand, we can see natural deep harbors and hot springs. Some of the heat near the earth’s surface is used ____5__ electricity. New Zealand is an important ____6___ country, with cattle ____7___ on the North Island, _____8__ the hilly South Island has more sheep farms. But some farmers have turned to ____9______ deer. The deer are farmed for their meat and fur, which _____10 ___ many other countries. 1. A. history B. area C. population D. majority 2. A. which B. of which C. that D. in that 3. A. none B. all C. any D. both 4.A. of B. with C. for D. without 5.A.. make B. to make C. to making D. made 6. A agricultural B. industrial C. poor D. terrible 7. A. farming B. farmed C. farm D. farms 8..A while B. when C. suddenly D. as 9. A. keep B. keeping C. keeps D. kept 10. A. ship B. shipped C are shipped D. is shipped 附加题：阅读理解 （A） Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8th, 1942 in Oxford, England. His parents’ house was in North London, but during the Second World War Oxford was considered a safer place to have babies. When he was eight, his family moved to St Albans. At eleven Stephen went to St. Albans School, and then on to University College, Oxford, his father’s old college. Stephen wanted to do math, although his father would have preferred medicine. Math was not available at University College, so he did physics instead. Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology (宇宙论). After gaining his Ph.D. (哲学博士) he became first a Research Fellow, and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973, Stephen came to the Department of Applied Math and Theoretical Physics (理论物理), and since 1979 has held the post of Lucasian Professor of math. Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which rule the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results show it was necessary to unify (统一) General Relativity with Quantum Theory (量子论). One result of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but should give off radiation and disappear in the end. 1． Which of the following is NOT suitable for describing Stephen Hawking?
A. He once studied at the same college that his father studied at. B. At one time he did research in Cosmology in Oxford. C. He preferred math to medicine at college. D. He contributed to the unification of General Theory of Relativity and Quantum Theory. 2． The underlined word “available” in the first paragraph probably means “________”. A. able to be had B. allowed to study C. easy to understand D. limited to learn 3．Why did Stephen Hawking’s parents move to Oxford from North London? A. Because they liked it better than North London. B. Because there was a world-famous university there. C. Because they were tired of living in North London. D. Because it was safer to give birth to a bay in Oxford. 4． Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Einstein and Stephen Hawking B. Big Bang, a great theory C. Stephen Hawking, a great British scientist D. The unification of two theories （2） We certainly know that our universe exists, but this knowledge alone has not satisfied human’s long search for further understanding. Our curiosity has led us to question our place in this universe and even the place of the universe itself. Throughout (贯穿) time we have asked ourselves these questions: How did our universe begin? How old is our universe? How did matter come to exist? Obviously, these are not simple questions. Throughout our brief history on this planet much time and effort has been spent looking for some clue (线索). Yet, after all this energy has been used up, much of what we know is still only speculation (推测). However, we have come a long way from the beginnings of the study of cosmology and the origins of the universe. Through the understandings of modern science, we have been able to provide firm theories for some of the answers that we once called speculation. True to the nature of science, most of these answers have only led to more interesting and complex (复杂的) questions. It will be impossible to deal with all of the questions about the creation of everything that we know as reality in this short passage, but an attempt will be made to deal with certain basic questions of our being. It will be important to keep in mind that all of this information is often being questioned and reevaluated (再评估) in order to understand the universe more clearly. For our purposes, through an examination of what is known about the Big Bang itself and the age of the universe, we believe that we can begin to answer several of these key questions. 1. We can infer from the first paragraph that ________. A. human beings needn’t have tried to know about the universe B. human beings have no ability to know about the universe at all C. Curiosity has helped human beings to know the universe well D. It is difficult for human beings to know the universe very well 2. According to the passage, ________ helps people answer some complex questions. A. curiosity B. science C. speculation D. history 3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. We will find the answers to all the questions about the universe soon. B. Much work needs to be done to know more about the universe. C. Some of the speculations about the universe have proved true. D. The Big Bang is a very important theory to know about the universe.
Unit 3 Passing Test 一： 单词拼写 1. violent 2. system 3. floating 4. harmful 5. exist 6. gravity 7. atmosphere 8. puzzled 9. global 10. spaceship 11. multiply 12. theories 13. crashed 14. Unlike 15. pull 16. chain 17. oxygen 18. prevented 19. cheered 20. billions 二、用所给单词的适当形式填空 ( 20 分) 1.like; unlike 2.religious; religions 3.global; globe 4.violence; violent 5.presence; present; present 6. harm; harmful 7.gentle; gently 8. less; less; lessen 9. exhausted; exhausting 三: 选用所给所给短语并用其正确形式填空 （ 10 ） 1. As for 2. in rags 3. on the contrary 4. 6. by accident staring at 5 go ahead 7. accounted for 8. take a chance 9. make a bet 10 brought up 10
四. 语法填空 （ 15 ） 1.whether 2 which 3 that 4 it 5 what 6 arrival 7 later 8 on 9 escaping whether. 五 单句翻译 （ 20 分） 1. Now that you have passed the driving test, you can drive on your own. 2. What prevented him from attending our meeting still remains a mystery. 3. The atmosphere at the party yesterday was very joyful and everyone had a great time. 4. He finally cheered up when he realized he would arrive in time to catch the plane. 5. We were amazed to hear that she had given birth to such a large baby boy. 6. I often wonder why some parents allow their children to watch violent movies. 7.The firemen came in time to prevent the fire from breaking out. 8. Now that/Since you have got the hang of the surrounding here, you should study hard. 9.Whether he will succeed depends on his effort. 10．I was lucky enough to have a chance to see the launching of Shenzhou-V. 六．完型填空 1-5 CBDBB 6-10 AAABC 阅读 BADC DBA
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