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培养语感(高中英语语法经典例句)


高中英语语法经典例句集锦
一、动词的时态和语态 1、如果明天下雨,我就待在家里。 If it rains tomorrow, I’ll stay at home. 2、他总是给我们讲同一个故事。 He is always telling us the same story. 3、他说他不认识我。 He said that he didn’t know me. 4、他直到 10 点才回来。 He didn’t come back until ten o’clock. 5、我们教室需要打扫了,老师要我们打扫一下。 Our classroom needs cleaning. The teacher asked us to clean it. 6、不准我们进去. We were not allowed to go in. 7、正在给他作手术。 He is being operated on. 8、那车开起来很平稳。 That car drives smoothly. 9、我们要保持教室整洁。 We mast keep our classroom clean and tidy. 10、昨晚八点我在看电视。 I was watching TV at eight last night. 11、在过去的几年时间里,我国发生了巨大变化。 Great changes have taken place in our country in the past few years. 12、他父亲已经去世六年了 His father has been dead for six years. His father died six years ago. It’s six years since his father died. 13、他说如果天下雨就不和我们一道去。 He said he would not go with us if it rained. 14、我一到家电话铃就响了。 I had hardly got home when the telephone rainy. I had no sooner got home then the telephone rainy. 15、她说自从 1980 年以来她就在那家工厂工作。 She said she had worked in that factory since 1980. 16、我们在这儿等了几乎一个小时了。 We have been waiting hear for almost an hour. 17、他看过那部电影了,他昨天下午和我一起去看的。 He has seen the film. He went to see it with me yesterday afternoon. 18、大楼下个月就要完工了。 The building is going to be finished next month. 19、他去日本了,这是他第三次去日本了。 He has gone to Japan. This is the tired time that he has gone to Japan. 20、穿上衣服吧,不然你会着凉的。
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Put on your coat, or you’ll catch cold. 21、我认为物理不容易。 I don’t think physics is easy. 22、他住在一间窗户朝南开的屋子里。 He lives in a room whose window (the window of which) opens to the south. 23、他一到教室就开始读英语。 As soon as he come to the classroom, he began to read English. 24、这是我叔叔为我生日买的电脑。 This is the computer which my uncle bought for my birthday. 25、多么令人惊讶的消息啊!我们听到这个消息都感到很惊讶。 What surprising news it is! We are surprised to hear the news. 二、非谓语动词 1、为我们的未来制定计划很重要。 To make a plan for our future is important. It’s important to make a plan for our future. 2、我们的困难是在何处弄到足够的食物。 Our difficulty is where to get enough food. 3、我们感到房子摇动。 We felt the house shake. The house was felt to shake. 4、我们有许多作业要做。 We have a lot of homework to do. 5、他总是第一个来最后一个走。 He is always the first to come and the last to leave. 6、请给我一些写字用的纸。 Please give me some paper to write on. 7、他已经长大足可以照料自己了。 He is old enough to take care of himself. 8、对年轻人来说掌握两种外语是必要的。 It is necessary for the young to master two foreign languages. 9、你帮助我们真是太好了。 It is very kind of you to help us. 10、我没有别的办法,只好等医生来。 I could do nothing but wait for the doctor to arrive. 11、除了放弃这个计划我别无选择。 I don’t have any choose except (but) to give up the plan. 12、我宁愿待在家里也不愿和他们出去。 I would ratter (sooner) stay at home than go out with them. I prefer staying at home to going out with them. I prefer to stay at home ratter than go out with them. 13、他假装正在专心听讲。 He pretended to be listening attentively. 14、对不起,让你久等了。 I am sorry to have kept you waiting so long. 15、据说这本书已被译成多种语言。

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The book is said to have been translated into many languages. 16、他们发现这个讲座难理解。 They found the lecture difficult to understand. 三、动名词 1、给他写信没用,他从来不回信。 It is no use writing to him; he never answers letters. 2、讨论这样的事情是浪费时间。 It is a waste of time discussing such matters. 3、她的工作是护理病人。 Her job is nursing patients. 4、她建议在农村再待一周。 She suggested spending another week in the country. 5、她没有向我们告别就走了。 She left without saying goodbye to us. 6、我按时完成工作有困难。 I have some difficulty completing my work in time. 7、我女儿睡得很晚令我担心。 My daughter(’s) staying up so late worried me. 8、我为我没有遵守诺言向你表示歉意. I apologize for not having kept my promise. 9、此地不许吸烟。 Smoking is not allowed here. 10、我后悔做了这样一件事。 I regretted having done such a thing. 11、我们遗憾地通知你们,你们将不能参加这个班。 We regret to inform you that you won’t be able to attend the class. 12、这房子需要修理了。 The house wants / needs / requires repairing. 四、分词 1、她看起来失望。 She looked disappointed. 2、今年夏天的天气令人失望。 The weather this summer is disappointing. 3、站在门口的那位妇女是谁? Who is the woman standing by the door? 4、这是学生们自己建立起来的实验室。 This is the laboratory set up by the students themselves. 5、你最好理个发。 You’d better have (get) your hair cut. 6、她让我们天天干活。 She had us working day after day. 7、当加热时,冰会化成水。 When heated, ice will be changed into water. 8、在工厂劳动时,我们从工人那里学到了很多东西。 Working in the factory, we learned a lot from the workers.

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9、我看到一个老人正在上公共汽车。 I saw an old man getting on the bus. 10、我看到一个老人上了公共汽车。 I saw an old man get on the bus. 11、正在讨论的问题很重要。 The question being discussed is very important. 12、修建过的那个建筑物是我们的图书馆。 The building repainted is our library. 13、他的母亲病了,他今天没来。 (独立主格) His mother being ill, he is absent today. 14、他满脸是汗地冲进了房间。 He rushed into the room, his face covered with sweat. 五、名词性从句 1、我们必须尽可能多地掌握英文单词,这是很重要的。 That we must master English words as many as possible is very important. 2、无论谁说那件事都是错的。 Whoever says that is wrong. 3、我们将在什么时候开运动会还是个问题。 When we shall have our sports meet is still a question. 4、众所周知,癌症是可怕的疾病。 It is known to all that cancer is a terrible disease. 5、建议每个学生唱一首英语歌曲。 It is suggested that each student (should) sing a song in English. 6、他来不来,与我们无关。 Whether he comes or not has nothing to do with us. 7、我们需要的是更多的时间。 What we need is more time. 8、小李不再是以前的样子了。 Xiao Li is no longer what he used to be. 9、他没参加会议的原因是因为他生了重病。 The reason why he didn’t attend the meeting was that he was seriously ill. 10、他的第一个问题是班长是否已经来了。 His first question was whether the monitor had arrived yet. 11、我认为他不会成功的。 I don’t think (that) he will succeed. 12、我知道你学英语了,还写了一首英文诗。 I know (that) you have studied English, and that you have written an English poem. 13、我怀疑他是否通过了考试。 I doubt if / whether he can pass the exam. 14、成功依靠我们是否做了足够的努力。 Success depends on whether we make enough effort. 15、他们面临着是否应该继续工作的问题。 They are faced with the problem whether they should continue the work. 16、我们队赢了的消息使我们每个人都很激动。 The news that our team won the game excited us all.

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100 句经典句型攻克语法
1. Education is the door to freedom. 教育是通向自由之门 (一个简单的主系表结构) 2. Challenges make life interesting. 挑战使生活变得有趣(make +…adj. 形容词作宾补) 3. Difficulties make life worth living. 困难让生活更有价值(make+…介词短语作宾补) 4. Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. 世界上没有任何东西可以代替坚持(否定词作主语,take the place of 代替) 5. It’s impossible to defeat a person who never gives up. 打败一个永不放弃的人是不可能的。 (动词不定式作主语 6. The most important thing in life is to have a great aim and the determination to attend it.生活 中最重要的事情就是有一个远大的目标,并有决心实现它(不定式作表语和定语) 7. If you can dream it, you can do it. 只要你想得到,你就做得到 ( if 引导的条件状语从句) 8. Actions speak louder than words.行为比言语更有说服力(副词比较级) 9. Deeds are more powerful than words.行为比言语更强大(形容词比较级) 10. Mistakes show us what we still need to learn.从错误中我们知道该学什么(what 引导的宾语 从句作宾语,从句中不定式作宾语) 11. Difficult times show us who our true friends are. 艰难岁月上我们知道谁是真正的朋友/ 患难见真情 (宾语从句) 12. It doesn’t cost anything to be nice. 做好人事不费吹灰之力的(不定式作主语,it 形式主语 13. Believe in what you can become. 相信自己的潜力(what 引导的名词从句作宾语) 14. Think and your mind will stay fresh. 思考能使大脑保持清醒(祈使句+and +主句) 15. You win because you think you can. 你成功是一因为你认为你能成功(原因状语从句) 16. By helping others, you will feel good about yourself. 帮助他人,其乐无穷。 (by 表手段,途经) 17. Lost time is never found again. 时间一去不复返。 (过去分词作定语,一般现在时的被动语态) 18. Rome wasn’t built in a day. 罗马不是一天建成的。 (一般过去时的被动语态) 19. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today. 永远不要把今天能做得事情拖到明天。 (否定祈使句) 20. Remember to smile when you wake up. 记得在醒来的时候微笑。 (不定式作宾语) 21. Oversleeping will never make your dreams come true. 睡懒觉永远不能让你梦想成真。 (动名词作主语) 22. Praise twice as much as you criticize. 多表扬,少批评。 (比较级:倍数表示法) 23. The way to be happy is to make others happy.
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快乐的方式就是先让别人快乐。 (不定式作定语和表语) 24. Life is too short to spend time worrying. 生命太短暂了,不要花在焦虑上。 (不定式否定,spend doing ) 25. What pains us trains us. 使我们痛苦的东西在真正锻造我们。 (主语从句) 26. What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger. 没有要我们命的事情让我们更强大。 (主语从句) 27. What hurts us the most teaches us the best. 伤害我们最深的对我们教育最深。 (主语从句,最高级) 28. The dictionary is the only place where success comes before work. 只有在字典中,成功才会出现在工作之前。 (定语从句) 29. To be a great leader, you must have great hopes. 要想成为伟大的领导者,就必须有伟大的抱负。 (不定式目的状语) 30. He who is ashamed of asking is ashamed of learning. 耻于问者耻于学。 (定语从句,动名词作介词宾语) 31. He who falls to plan plans to fail. 注定要失败的。 (定语从句,不定式作宾语) 32. He who makes no mistakes makes nothing. 不犯错误的人将一事无成。 (定语从句) 33. Imagination is more important than knowledge. 想象力比知识更重要。 (形容词比较级) 34. The hotter the fire, the harder the steel. 火烧得越旺, (锻造出来的)钢铁就越坚固。 (the+ 比较级) 35. Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do. 决不要让你不能做得事妨碍到你能做的事。 (宾语从句) 36. It’s how you deal with failure that determines how you achieve success. 你如何对待失败决定了你如何取得成功。 (强调结构) 37. Help others achieve their dreams and you will achieve yours. 帮助他人实现他们的梦想,而你也将因此实现你自己的梦想。 (祈使句+and ) 38. The achievement of your goal is assured the moment you commit yourself to it. 一旦你全心投入,你目标的实现就得到了保证。 (被动语态,the moment 引导的状语从句) 39. You become a winner the moment you believe you can win. 在你相信自己能赢得时候, 你就成为了胜利者。 ( the moment 引导的时间状语从句, “一…就…” ) 40. Time and energy spent worrying are wasted. 担忧烦恼,浪费时间,也是浪费精力。 (过去分词作定语,一般现在时被动语态) 41. The best way to predict the failure is to create it. 预测未来的最佳方案就是创造未来。 (不定式坐状语和定语) 42. Your brain needs exercise to stay fit, just like your body. 拉脑需要锻炼才能保持健康,就像你的身体一样。 (不定式坐目的状语) 43. Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time. 我们最大的弱点就是放弃。成功最有把握的方法就是尽力再试一次。 (动名词作介词宾语,不定式 作定语和表语) 44. Putting off an easy thing makes it hard. Putting off a hard thing makes it impossible.
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简单的事情因为拖延而变得困难;困难的事情因为拖延而变得不可能(完成) 。 (动名词作主语。 “make +…+形容词作宾补) 45. The only good luck many great men ever had was being born with the ability to overcome bad luck.对于许多伟大的人来说,他们唯一的幸运之处就是他们具有征服厄运的天赋。 (省略关系代词 的定语从句。过去进行时被动语态。不定式作定语) 46. The greatest discovery of our generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering his attitude.我们这一代人的最大发现就是:人类可以通过改变态度来改变自己的生活。 (表语从句。 动名词作介词宾语) 47. It is not what happens to you; it is what you do with what happens to you. 重要的不是在你身上发现了什么,而是应变时你所做的事情。 (表语从句,宾语从句,介词宾语) 48. It is not what other people think of you, it is what you think of yourself that counts. 重要的不是别人如何看待你,而是你如何看待自己。 (强调句型,强调 what 引导的主语从句) 49. As long as you are dreaming, believing, and doing, you can go anywhere and achieve anything.只要你有梦想,有信念,有行动,你就可以无往不利,无所不胜。 ( “ as long as”条件状 语从句) 50. Whatever you do, do whole-heartedly. 无论你做什么,都要全心全意地做。 ( “ whatever” 引导的让步状语从句。合成词) 51. Success is how you bounce when you hit bottom. 成功是堕落到底反弹的高度。 (表语从句。时间状语从句) 52. Success is measured not by how much money you have made, but by how many people you have helped. 恒量成功的标准不是看你赚了多少钱,而是看你帮了多少人。 (一般现在时被动语态。宾语从句。 转折并列句) 53. Great works are performed not by strength, but by perseverance. 完成伟大的事业不在于体力,而在于坚韧不拨的毅力。 (一般现在时被动语态。 “ but ”连接两个 介词短语表转折) 54. Man is not judged by his words, but by his deeds. 评判一个人不是看他的言语, 而是看他的行动。 (一般现在时被动语态。 “ but ”连接两个介词短语表转折) 55. No one can humiliate or disturb us unless we let them. 没有任何人能侮辱我们、困扰我们,除非我们自己允许。 (条件状语从句) 56. No one can make you feel inferior without your consent. 没有你的同意,没有人能让你自卑。 (主、谓、宾、补结构) 57. To reach your goals, work hard, participate, practice, and do the best you can. 要达成你的目标,你就必须苦干,参与,操练,以及尽你所能做到最好。 (不定式作目的状语。 定语从句) 58. Genius is the ability to put into effect what is in your mind. 天才就是将心中所想过的付诸实行的能力。 (不定式作定语。宾语从句) 59. Life doesn’t require that we be the best, only that we try our best. 生活并不要求我们是最好的,只要求我们做到最好。 (宾语从句。 “ require 后接宾语从句用虚拟 语气,宾语从句中用 “ (should) +动词原形) 60. The most important single ingredient in the formula of success is knowing how to get along with people.成功公式中最重要的一个因素就是知道如何与人相处。 (动名词复合结构作表语。How + 不定式结构)
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61. Success is not measured by the position you reach in life; it’s measured by the obstacles you overcome. 成功不是用你一生的地位来衡量的,而是看你克服了多少障碍。 (一般现在时的被动语 态。定语从句) 62. It is in your moments of decision that your destiny is shaped. 人生就注定于你做决定的那一刻。 (强调句型) 63. The surest way not to fail is to determine to succeed. 不致失败的最可靠的方法就是决心成功。 (不定式作定语、表语和宾语) 64. What would life be if we had no courage to attempt anything? 如果我们对任何事情都没有勇气尝 试,人生还有什么意义? (虚拟语气条件句。不定式作定语) 65. The world belongs to the energetic. 世界属于充满活力的人。 ( “the + 形容词”表一类人) 66. Early to bed and early to rise keeps a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起让人健康、富足和智慧。 (两个不定式并列作主语,形容词宾补) 67. The human will can be strengthened like a muscle. 人类的意志可以像肌肉一样增强。 (情态动词被动语态) 68. Only a fool criticizes what he does not understand. 只有傻瓜才会批评他不懂得事。 (宾语从句) 69. Success grows out of struggle to overcome difficulties. 成功来自于克服困难的斗争。 (不定式作定语) 70. Each day, take at least one step toward your goal. The step doesn’t have to be big, moving forward even a small amount is progress. 每天至少向你的目标迈进一步。这一步步一定要很大,哪 怕是向前一点,都是进步。 (动名词短语作主语) 71. Remind yourself to laugh and smile. You can always make room for happiness.提醒自己大 笑、微笑。你总可以找到欢乐。 (不定式作宾补) 72. Everyone is important. Anyone can change the world. No one should underestimate his power. 人人都是重要的。任何人都可以改变世界。没有人应低估他自己的能力! (不定代词的用法) 73. You don’t need an invitation to help others. Help before you are asked. 帮助别人时不需要邀请的。在别人开口之前就去主动伸出援助之手吧! (不定式作定语。时间状语 从句。一般现在时被动语态) 74. Push yourself to do more than others believe you can do. Then, encourage others to push themselves just as hard. 逼自己做出超过别人期望的事。然后, 鼓励别人也一样努力去逼自己前进。 (不定式作宾补。比较状语从句) 75. The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. 未来属于那些相信自己命运的人。 (宾语从句) 76. Harsh advice is the most instructive.忠言逆耳利于行。 (形容词最高级) 77. Don’t wait for the world to change. Change it yourself. 不要等世界去改变。取改变世界吧! (不定式作宾补) 78. The only true failure is the failure to try. 惟一真正的失败是没有去尝试。 (不定式作定语) 79. Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. 无热情无以成伟业。 (句子结构双重否定。一般过去时被动语态) 80. There is no challenge more challenging than improving yourself. 没什么挑战比提高自我更具有挑战性。 (现在分词短语作定语) 81. Confidence is contagious. So is lack of confidence.
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相信是具有感染力的。不自信也一样。 (部分倒装句) 82. Confidence is half victory. 自信就是成功的一半。 (主、谓、表语结构) 83. Attitude is just as important as ability. 态度和能力一样重要。 (同级比较) 84. You are unique with special gifts; use them. 你是独一无二的,你有独特的才能。发挥他们吧! (分号连接两个独立的分句) 85. We are all capable if we have faith and passion. 只要我们有信仰、有激情,我们就都是有能力的。 (条件状语从句) 86. Diligence is the mother of good luck. 勤奋是好运之母。 (暗喻的运用) 87. If you’re doing your best, you will not have to worry about failure. 如果你尽力而为,你就不必担忧失败。 (条件状语从句) 88. Those who turn back never reach the summit. 中途折返的人永远都到达不了顶峰。 (定语从句) 89. A winner never stops trying. 成功者永远不停止尝试。 (不定式作表语) 90. The first and best victory is to conquer yourself. 最重要的胜利就是战胜自己。 (不定式作表语) 91. Take chances, make mistakes .That is how you grow. 去冒险,去犯错误!你就是这样成长起来的。 (表语从句) 92. True strength flows from a healthy body and mind working in harmony. 真正的力量来自于健康身体和健康大脑的合作无间。 (现在分词作定语) 93. Failure is the sauce that gives success its flavor. 失败是成功的调味品。 (定语从句。暗喻运用) 94. Failure teaches you more than success. 失败的价值大于成功。/ 从失败中,我们学到更多。 (副词比较级) 95. Make full use of whatever happens to you. There is something to learn from experience. 充分利用发生在你身上的任何事情。 任何的经历都有值得学习的地方。 (宾语从句。 不定式作定语) 96. Goodness is the only investment that never fails. 善良是惟一不会失败的投资。 (定语从句) 97. Life is a struggle that must be accepted. Accepting the struggle happily or miserably is up to you to decide. 生活是你必须接受的斗争。快乐地接受还是悲惨地接受就是由你决定了。 (定语从 句。动名词短语作主语) 98. If you cannot be an excellent loser, you’ll never succeed. 如果你不能成为一个优秀的失败者,你就永远不能成功! (条件状语从句) 99. No matter how hard you try or how much time you spend worrying, some things just cannot changed. Accept them and move on.不管你多么努力地尝试, 不管你花多少时间担忧, 总有些事实无 法改变的。接受他们,继续前行吧! (让步状语从句) 100. Continuous efforts ---not strength or intelligence ---is the key to unlocking our potential.释放 潜能的关键不是力量,也不是智慧,而是不断地努力。 (动名词作介词宾语)

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