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高考英语语法-介词短语


Ⅲ Preposition Unit 1
Exercise 1: Multiple Choice
1. I was caught _______the rain yesterday. A. in B. by C. with D. at 2. The two families have been quarreling _______each other for

many years. A. to B. between C. against D. with 3. There are many things whose misuse is dangerous, but it is hard to think of anything that can be compared _______tobacco products. A. in B. with C. among D. by 4. _______my return, I learned that Professor Smith had been at the Museum and would not be back for several hours. A. At B. On C. With D. During 5. There is not much time left; so I’ll tell you about it _______. A. in detail B. in brief C. in short D. in all 6. _______all our kindness to help her, Sarah refused to listen to us. A. AT b. For C. In D. On 7. I don’t want to lend any more money to him; he’s already in debt _______me. A. to B. for C. of D. with 8. The long-awaited Hubble Space Telescope, _______to orbit the Earth next March, will observe some of the Oldest stars in the sky. A. subject B. owing C. available D. due 9. Although he thought he was helping us prepare the dinner, he was actually _______the way. A. in B. by C. off D. on 10. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits, which _______increases the risk of heart disease. A. in turn B. in return C. by chance D. by turns 14. There is an incorrect assumption among scientists and medical people that all agree_______ what constitutes a benefit to an individual. A. on B. with C. to D. in 15. Before the students set off, they spent much time setting a limit _______ the expenses of the trip. A. to B. about C. in D. for 16._______ the fact that his initial experiments had failed, Prof. White persisted in his research. A. Because of B. As to C. In spite of D. In view of 17. It is believed that today’s pop music can serve as a creative force _______ stimulating the thinking of its listeners. A. by B. with C. at D. on 18. Observations were made _______ the children at the beginning and at the end of pre-school and first grade. A. towards B. of C. on D. with 19. Although we feel dissatisfied with the election results, we have to become reconciled _______ the decision made by our fellow countrymen. A. for B. on C. to D. in 20. I’ve kept up a friendship with a girl whom I was at school _______ twenty years ago.
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A. about B. since C. till D. with 21. This is an exciting area of study, and one _______ which new applications are being discovered almost daily. A. from B. by C. in D. through 22. Although I had been invited to the opening ceremony, I was unable to attend _______such short notice. A. to B. in C. with D. on 23. Unless you sign a contract with the insurance company for your goods, you are not entitled _______ a repayment for the goods damaged in delivery. A. to B. with C. for D. on 24. The roles expected _______ old people in such a setting give too few psychological satisfactions for normal happiness. A. of B. on C. to D. with 25. According to one belief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one _______ wait instead of searching for it. A. would rather B. had to C. cannot but D. had best 26. One difficulty in translation lies in obtaining a concept match. _______ this is meant that a concept in one language is lost or changed in meaning in translation. A. By B. In C. For D. With 27 The director was critical _______the way we were doing the work. A. at B. in C. of D. with 28 The police are suspicious _______his words because he already has a record. A. to B. at C. on D. of 29 Agriculture was a step in human progress _______which subsequently there was not anything comparable until our own machine age. A. in B. for C. to D. from 30 Although we feel dissatisfied with the election results, we had to become reconciled _______the decision made by our fellow countrymen. A. for B. on C. to D. in

Exercise 2: Error-correction
1 Nobody beside little children thinks that a trip by bus is exciting. A B C D 2 Most people were not as much in favor with the new regulation as was previously thought. A B C D 3 Of the best of my knowledge, he did very well in his previous job. A B C D 4 Because some of the representatives still not there, the conference is put off until further notice. A B C D 5 The different attractions of the sun and the moon have a direct effect in the rising and falling of the tides. A B C D 6 See to it that you include in the examination paper whatever questions they didn’t know the answer last time. A B C D 7 Having been robbed off economic importance, those states are not likely to count for very much in international political terms. A B C D 8 Allen has stated that he has always had a great interest and admiration for the work of the British economist Keynes.
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A B C D 9 No one who has seen him work in the laboratory can deny that William has great capabilities of research. A B C D 10 Over the years, a large number of overseas students have studied at that university in the result that it has acquired substantial A B C D experience in dealing with them.

Unit 2
Exercise 1: Multiple Choice
1 There are many things whose misuse is dangerous, but it is hard to think of anything that can be compared _______tobacco products. A. in B. with C. among D. by 2 To our delight, she adapted herself _______the situation. A. with B. to C. of D. into 3 I prefer this diagram _______that one. A. than B. more than C. rather than D. to 4 The roles expected _______old people in such a setting give too few psychological satisfactions for normal happiness. A. of B. on C. to D. with 5 I need a book dealing _______anti-pollution problems. A. about B. on C. with D. to 6 In Britain, and on the Continent too, the Japanese are sometimes viewed _______a threat to domestic industries. A. like B. with C. for D. as 7 I seem to have reached a rather gloomy conclusion, but I think that something cheerful may still be derived _______it. A. of B. off C. from D. with 8 He thought he could talk Mr. Robinson _______buying some expensive equipment. A. on B. of C. round D. into 8 She accused the man _______breaking into the house. A. at B. for C. of D. with 9 He will agree to do what you require _______him. A. of B. from C. to D. for 10 No doctor could cure the patient _______his strange disease. A. with B. of C. from D. off 11 He often stopped at the sound of his own steps and was afraid to look _______his shoulder. A. round B. back C. over D. beyond 12 The early pioneers had to _______many hardships to settle on the new land. A. go along with B. go back on C. go through D. go into 13 Medical research has shown that the widespread use of cigarettes contributes _______the increase of cancers. A. toward B. for C. with D. to 14 We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people to yield _______any military threat. A. up B. to C. in D. at 15 Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it from natural sources without turning
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_______the salt bottle. A. up B. to C. on D. over 16 Richard doesn’t think he could ever _______what is called “free-style” poetry. A. take on B. take over C. take to D. take after 17 Those two families have been quarreling _______each other for many years. A. to B. between C. against D. with 18 Areas where students have particular difficulty have been treated _______particular care. A. by B. in C. under D. with 19 There are other problems that I don’t propose to _______at the moment. A. go into B. go round C. go for D. go up 20 I promise to look _______the matter as soon as I get back to the head office. A. into B. for C. in D. after 21 This test _______a number of multiple choice questions. A. composes of B. composes of C. consists of D. consists in 22 The engine _______smoke and steam. A. gives up B. gives in C. gives away D. gives off 23 The manager needs an assistant that he can _______to take care of problems in his absence. A. count on B. count in C. count up D. count 24 Many people, if not most, _______literary taste as an elegant accomplishment, by acquiring which they will complete themselves, and make themselves finally fit as members of a correct society. A. look on B. look down C. look in D. look into 25 There is an incorrect assumption among scientists and medical people that everyone agrees _______what constitutes a benefit to an individual. A. on B. with C. to D. in 26 The speaker _______his notes before the lecture. A. ran down B. ran into C. ran over D. ran out 27 Having decided to rent a flat, we _______contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city. A. set about B. set down C. set out D. set up 28 Science has brought _______many changes in our lives. A. out B. into C. about D. forward 29 One day I _______a newspaper article about the retirement of an English professor at a nearby state college. A. came across B. came about C. came after D. came at 30 People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars, and this _____ creates further problems. A. in short B. in case C. in doubt D. in turn

Exercise 2: Error-correction
1 We feel uncomfortable if our clothes do not look right ---if they are not similar with those which other people of our age, sex, country and period are wearing. 2

Unit 3
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Exercise 1: Multiple Choice
1 I hope to profit _______your comments. A. with B. for C. by D. on 2 A well-written composition _______good choice of words and clear organization among other things. A. calls on B. calls for C. calls up D. calls off 3 He has been asked to account _______his absence. A. of B. on C. about D. for 4 The students were participating _______an international energy-saving competition. A. for B. in C. to D. at 5 Her fluency in English givers her an advantage _______other girls for the job. A. over B. above C. than D. with 6 Does everyone on earth have an equal right _______an equal share of its resources? A. by B. at C. to D. over 7 I have an objection _______your story again. A. to hear B. to hearing C. to having heard D. to have heard 8 The ratio of the work done by the machine _______the work done on it is called the efficiency of the machine. A. against B. with C. to D. for 9 The travelers sought shelter _______the rain and happened to find a roadside inn. A. from B. by C. for D. with 10 At the discussion, the expert _______computer science raised questions of various kinds. A. for B. about C. to D. in 11 His understanding made a deep impression _______the young girl. A. in B. on C. for D. to 12 The persons that have the greatest influence _______children are their teachers. A. in B. to C. for D. on 13 In recent years much more emphasis has been put _______developing the students’ productive skills. A. onto B. in C. over D. on 14 After the robbery, the shop installed a sophisticated alarm system as an insurance _______further losses. A. for B. from C. against D. towards 15 These figures are not consistent _______the results obtained in previous experiments. A. to B. with C. for D. in 16 The committee is totally opposed _______any change being made in the plans. A. of B. on C. to D. against 17 Unless you sign a contract with the insurance company for your goods, you are not entitled _______a repayment for the goods damaged in delivery. A. to B. with C. for D. on 18 I don’t think that this question is subordinate _______the main aim of our company. A. with B. to C. for D. on 19 What he said just now had little to do with the questions _______discussion. A. on B. in C. under D. at 20 We all believe he is qualified _______the position. A. in B. with C. at D. for 21 I’ve kept up a friendship with a girl whom I was at school _______twenty years ago.
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A. about B. since C. till D. with 22 _______its hot sun and beautiful beaches, Hawaii is a fine place to live in or to visit. A. As B. For C. From D. With 23 Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants to, _______the color of his skin. A. with the exception of B. in the light of C. by virtue of D. regardless of 24 The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who is willing and capable _______his financial situation. A. with respect to B. in accord with C. regardless of D. in terms of 25 I don’t want to lend any more money to him; he’s already in debt _______me. A. to B. for C. of D. with 26 The British constitution is _______a large extent a product of the historical events described above. A. within B. to C. by D. at 27 Being a pop star can be quite a hard life, with a lot of travelling _______heavy schedules. A. with regard to B. as to C. in relation to D. owing to 28 In no country _______Britain, it has been said, can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A. other than B. more than C. better than D. rather than 29 We are taught that a business letter should be written in a formal style _______in a personal one. A. rather than B. other than C. better than D. less than 30 Cotton production has been _______the decline these years. A. down B. on C. at D. under 31 I make notes in the back of my diary ______thing to be mended or replaced. A. by B. in C. with D. of 32 We were struck by the extent _______which teachers’ decisions served the interests of the school rather than those of the students. A. to B. for C. in D. with 33 All the students in this class passed the English exam _______the exception of Li Ming. A. on B. in C. for D. with 34 Young adults _______older people are more likely to prefer pop songs. A. other than B. more than C. less than D. rather than 35 _______that my head had cleared, my brain was also beginning to work much better. A. For B. Now C. Since D. Despite 36 By 1929, Micky Mouse was as popular_______ children as Coca-cola. A. for B. in C. to D. with 37 He came back late, _______which time all the guests had already left. A. after B. by C. at D. during 38 I was _______the point of telephoning him when his letter arrived. A. to B. on C. at D. in 39 In no country_______ Britain, it has been said, can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A. other than B. more than C. better than D. rather than 40 _______ their difference, the couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for each other. A But for B Above all C For all D Except for

Unit 4
Exercise 1: Multiple Choice
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1 After the robbery, the shop installed a sophisticated alarm system as an insurance _______ further losses. A. for B. from C. against D. towards 2 Between 1974 and 1997, the number of overseas visitors expanded _______27% A. by B. for C. to D. in 3 The director was critical _______the way we were doing the work. A. at B. in C. of D. with 4 Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it from natural sources without turning _____the salt bottle. A. up B. to C. on D. over 5 Agriculture was a step in human progress _______which subsequently there was not anything comparable until our own machine age. A. in B. for C. to D. from 6 In recent years much more emphasis has been put _______developing the students’ productive skills. A. over B. onto C. in D. on 7 The old New England villages have changed relatively little _______a gas station or two in recent decades. A. except B. besides C. in addition to D. except for 8 Many people believe we are heading for environmental disaster _______we radically change way we live. A. but B. although C. unless D. lest 9 The ceremony was not for the _______of the dead, but for the comfort of the living. A. sake B. purpose C. respect D. impression 10 The persons that have the greatest influence _______children are their teachers. A. in B. to C. for D. on 11 _______its hot sun and beautiful beaches, Hawaii is a fine place to live in or to visit. A. As B. For C. From D. With 12 In India more than one hundred languages are spoken, _______which only fourteen are recognized as official. A. of B. with C. in D. within 13 I have got something urgent to do, Mr. Simpson. Can you excuse me ______ the meeting? A. for B. of C. from D. at 14 The expressway is still __________ construction, which may well explain why we are always trapped in the traffic jam. A. for B. on C. at D. under 15 Government commits to ________. A. providing positions to low-income people B. supplying positions to low-income people C. providing low-income people by positions. D. supplying low-income people by positions 16 I think health is _______ more important than wealth. However people start to realize its importance only when they’re down with illness. A. in some way B. to some way C. by the way D. in the way 17 The police officer told him that he was_______ arrest on the charge of bank robbery. A. in B. under C. beneath D. below 18 The value of having frequent sun baths lies in ______they can do to our health. A. that B. how C. what D. the fact that 19 The last time we had a family reunion was ______ my brother's wedding ceremony four years ago. A. in B. at C. during D. over 20 Traditionally, Indians have prided themselves _____ their self-discipline. A. on B. for C. in D. with
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21 Accustomed to _____ the steep mountains, he had no difficulty reaching the top. A. climbing B. climb C. having climbed D. have climbed 22 I wanted two seats _____ Madame Curie for Friday night, so I rang the cinema to see if I could book two tickets. A. of B. about C. to D. for 23 Washington, a state in the US, was named _____ one of the greatest American presidents. A. in honor of B. instead of C. in favor of D. by means of 24 Marie Curie took little notice _____ the honors that were given to her in her later years. A. of B. on C. about D. from 25 I’d like to buy a house—modern, comfortable, and _____ in a quiet neighborhood. A. in all B. above all C. after all D. at all 26 A clean environment can help the city bid for the Olympics, which _____ will promote its economic development. A. in nature B. in return C. in turn D. in fact 27 _____ achievement, last week’s ministerial meeting of the WTO here earned a low, though not failing, grade. A. In terms of B. In case of C. As a result of D. In face of 28 A good friend is one who will _______you when you are in trouble. A. stand for B. stand by C. stand up to D. stand up with 29 ---You are so lucky. ---What do you mean _____ that? A. for B. in C. of D. by 30 This new model of car is so expensive that it is _____ the reach of those with average incomes. A. over B. within C. beyond D. below

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