徐州市 2013~2014 学年度高三年级质量检测
说明：1.本试卷共 12 页，满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 2.在答题纸的密封线内填写学校、班级、姓名、考号等，密封线内不要答题。 3.请将所有答案均按照题号填涂或填写在答题卡/纸相应的答题处，否则不得分。 第一部分: 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试
卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What do you know about the speakers? A. The woman likes scary movies very much. B. The man is going to see a scary movie. C. Neither of them enjoys scary movies. 2. When did the dialogue take place? A. At 2:32 pm. B. At 2:23 am. C. At 3:22 pm. 3. What do we know about Susan? A. She‘s the youngest child in her family. B. She‘s her father‘s favorite child. C. She‘s the spoiled child in her family. 4. When will the woman go to meet the man tomorrow morning? A. At 10:00. B. At 10:30. C. At 11:00. 5. What does the man mainly do in his spare time at present? A. He learns a language. B. He does some sports. C. He plays the violin. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读 各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读 两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6-7 题。 6. Where are the speakers? A. At Times Square. B. On St. Laurent Street. C. At a bus station. 7. Which bus will take the woman to the shopping mall directly? A. The No. 4 bus. B. The No. 5 bus. C. The No. 11 bus. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8-9 题。 8. Where did May come from? A. Japan. B. England. C. America.
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9. What do many Chinese young people think of the western breakfast? A. Cheap and convenient. B. Convenient and healthy. C. Delicious but expensive. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10-12 题。 10. Why did the woman come here? A. To buy a chicken of good quality. B. To return a rotten chicken. C. To talk with the rude clerk. 11. What do we know about the woman? A. She loved to find fault with others. B. She wanted to quarrel with others. C. She barked up the wrong tree. 12. What probably happened in the end? A. She insisted on seeing the manager here. B. She continued quarreling here. C. She left here for Smith‘s supermarket. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13-16 题。 13. What‘s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Doctor and patient‘s father. B. Doctor and patient. C. Nurse and patient. 14. How long has Linda been ill? A. Some days. B. One day. C. Two days. 15. What statement is right according to the talk? A. Linda has vomited. B. Linda‘s temperature was 37.8℃. C. Linda has a stomachache. 16. What should Linda do now according to the doctor ‘s advice? A. Take some medicine. B. Go to see the doctor. C. Have enough water. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17-20 题。 17. How old is the speaker? A.15. B. 17. C. 22. 18. Why has the speaker been looked down upon? A. He is hearing-disabled. B. He can‘t get on well with his classmates. C. Something is wrong with his brain. 19. What does the speaker want to prove? A. He‘s a non-disabled person. B. He‘s better at studies and sports than anyone else. C. He‘s no different from the average teenagers. 20. What makes the speaker a strong person? A. His physical limitation and his courage. B. His gift for studies and sports. C. His family and school background.
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第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. ---Do you know Mike well? You two seem to have been friends for years. ---Not really. But I had met him on several _____ before you saw me talking with him. A. circumstances B. situations C. conditions D. occasions 22. ---The car is small. Is it safe? ---Definitely. Tests suggest it is _____ safe than any other type of good car. A. no less B. not less C. no more D. not more 23. The company shows great concern about how its customers _____ its post-sale service. A. respect B. appreciate C. conduct D. inspect 24. The boy climbed into the third storey of the building, from _____ he could look farther into the distance. A. which B. it C. there D. where 25. ---It‘s strange that Tom should not have come to his girl friend‘s birthday party yesterday. ---It is _____ he was in the city! A. though B. where C. when D. unless 26. ---What impressed the interviewers most? --- _____he could speak three foreign languages so fluently. A. Because B. That C. As D. Whether 27. ---You are sweating. ______ I fetch you some water? ---It‘s so kind of you. A. Can B. Must C. Shall D. Need 28. _____ the whole night, all the viewers became impatient and fell into a bad mood. A. To have been kept waiting B. Having been kept waiting C. Kept to be waiting D. Kept to have been waiting 29. ---Did you drive off the road because you were tired and sleepy? ---Absolutely not! Actually I _____ to avoid a truck overtaking me on the inside lane. A. had been trying B. had tried C. tried D. was trying 30. John asked his wife to ______ the guest bedroom for his friend who was coming to visit him. A. keep up B. hold up C. fix up D. break up 31. John does excellently in all the subjects. Is it _____ he makes the most of his time _____ counts? A. because, what B. that, which C. how; that D. why, it 32. With all the books he was interested in _____, Tom left the bookshop with great satisfaction. A. buying B. to be bought C. bought D. to buy 33. When I learnt that I failed again in the exam, I began to wonder how to tell my father the bad news and imagine how he _____ to it. A. had responded B. would respond C. responded D. will have responded 34. ---It‘s so embarrassing when you can‘t remember someone‘s name.
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---_____ A. So what? B. Take it easy. C. Why bother? D. I know the feeling. 35. ---Bob and his brothers never stop quarrelling over their property division after their father died. ---It happens. It‘s the game where_____. A. the pot calls the kettle black B. a fool and his money are soon parted C. a good name is better than riches D. ambition never dies until there is no way out 第二节: 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Adam West is known as Batman to many people in the United States, who played the role in the Batman television series in the 1960s. Adam West says that after the show was 36 , he had a difficult time being less famous than he once was. But that period lasted just a short time 37 he went on with another job. ―It‘s a(n) 38 of not really examining it. Just going along putting one foot 39 the other and not thinking too much about it. And, when work 40 , think about the work. It‘s no 41 thing. It‘s easy. If you are lost in the past, there is 42 to go but down.‖ Burt Ward played Batman‘s young helper Robin in the television series. Like Adam West, Burt Ward 43 often at fan conventions. Many people pay to see their childhood 44 , and are happy to have their picture taken with them. ―Actually, the fame is there – it just takes a different 45 . Some may think of our TV show being our 46 time, but when I meet people, they act just as 47 as when I was during Batman days. So, it‘s not that the people 48 , but that the perception (看法) is different. Honestly, nothing has changed – I‘m the same person as I was before.‖ He says he has made a 49 living over the past 45 years. 50 he is paid for his work, that is all that matters. Being famous does not pay for food, housing and other costs, but 51 does. If people can 52 that this is just part of the job – all the publicity, all the press, all the compliments, they could 53 keep a cool mind and not let it go to their heads. If they look at it as part of their personality and 54 people to bow to them everywhere they go, that‘s not going to happen! The early Christian philosopher St. Augustine said, ―The desire for 55 tempts (诱惑) even noble minds, but I would rather have truth than money or fame.‖ 36. A. delayed B. cancelled C. continued D. denied 37. A. before B. after C. when D. since 38. A. business B. trouble C. matter D. event 39. A. in front of B. on top of C. away from D. next to 40. A. comes around B. comes across C. comes apart D. comes along 41. A. small B. little C. big D. large 42. A. somewhere B. nowhere C. everywhere D. anywhere 43. A. behaves B. speaks C. plays D. appears 44. A. memories B. heroes C. series D. experiences 45. A. effect B. step C. chance D. form
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46. A. important B. peak C. happy D. easy 47. A. excitedly B. nervously C. calmly D. madly 48. A. change B. stay C. remain D. move 49. A. bare B. poor C. good D. simple 50. A. As soon as B. As long as C. As far as D. As well as 51. A. money B. life C. play D. work 52. A. understand B. convey C. appreciate D. express 53. A. absolutely B. hardly C. possibly D. narrowly 54. A. warn B. remind C. expect D. require 55. A. work B. power C. money D. fame 第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A DAVID Beckham didn‘t make it. Cristiano Ronaldo didn‘t hit it so big either. But Gareth Bale, 24, has become the most expensive soccer player in the history of the game. Four years after the arrival of Ronaldo at a record cost of $125 million (765 million yuan) in 2009, Real Madrid is expected to pay $135 million for Bale. But how is it that Bale, who was playing left back and being benched (当替补) by his English Premier League team a couple of years ago, now attracts such a big deal? As of years ago, the Welshman had played 24 matches for Tottenham Hotspur, and had never finished on the winning side once – a record for any Premier League player. Tottenham even privately considered selling him. ―A player who had once looked a prodigy (神童) – as a 17-year-old Southampton full back, the youngest ever international for Wales – already appeared, at 20, on the way down,‖ wrote Tim Adams at UK‘s The Observer. Through all the humiliations (屈辱), Bale hung on. While he was injured and kept out of games, he worked hard to reinvent himself. Bale‘s father Frank‘s uncompromising (不妥协的) discipline had a great impact on his son. When he returned from injury later that season, Bale had been transformed in the gym. In a Champions League match in 2010, he established himself as the so-called ―Incredi-Bale‖ overnight throughout Europe. With his team four goals behind to Inter Milan at halftime, Bale surprisingly scored a hat-trick before the game was over. Even former Manchester United coach, Alex Ferguson, praised him: ―He had been a six-foot, gangly (瘦长的), slim boy; then all of a sudden he was built like a light heavyweight boxer.‖ With Bale‘s help, Tottenham are flying high in the league. In the 2012-13 season, he won all three of the important individual awards: the PFA (Professional Footballers‘ Association) Player of the Year and Young Player of the Year awards and the Football Writers‘ Association Footballer of the Year award. This has all led to people comparing him to Barcelona‘s Lionel Messi and Ronaldo, who are widely regarded as the two best players in the world. Former Madrid star Zinedine Zidane has even decided to mentor (指导) Bale. ―He‘s perhaps not quite at the level of the other two, but he‘s different,‖ Zidane told ESPN. ―So personally I don‘t think he‘s far off.‖ 56. According to the text, which of the following is true?
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A. Gareth Bale played full back for Southampton at the age of 17. B. Tottenham Hotspur never considered selling Gareth Bale. C. Tottenham Hotspur beat Inter Milan in a Champions League match. D. Gareth Bale won all three of the important individual awards in life. 57. What plays the most critical role in Bale‘s successful career? A. His natural talent for soccer. B. His father‘s discipline and impact. C. His determination and hard work. D. His coaches‘ effective guidance. 58. From the passage we can infer that Bale lost 24 matches for Tottenham Hotspur _________. A. before 17 years old B. between 17 and 20 years old C. after 20 years old D. at the age of 24 59. Which of the following could be the best title of the passage? A. World Famous Soccer Stars B. A Successful Soccer Player C. Best-known Soccer Clubs D. Important Individual Awards B Odyssey Arena The Odyssey Arena, owned by Odyssey Trust, is a large sports and entertainment centre situated in Titanic Quarter and the Waterfront, Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was jointly funded by the Millennium Commission, the Laganside Corporation, the DCAL, the Sheridan Group and the Sports Council for Northern Ireland. The Arena opened in 2000 with the Pavilion later opening in 2001. The Odyssey is said to have cost ? 120 million on completion. In 2011 The Odyssey Pavilion which was owned by The Sheridan Group went into administration, the building is now under control of KPMG until a new owner is found. Event Since opening, the Odyssey Arena has hosted some of the world‘s best known bands and artists from around the world. It has also hosted a number of World Wrestling Entertainment live events including RAW and SmackDown!. WWE visits the Odyssey at least once a year. Since 2008, it has played host to the Premier League Darts(标枪). As well as these high-profile sporting events, the Odyssey Arena has also hosted concerts by some of the best-selling music artists in the world and it‘s also home of the Belfast Giants. Janet Jackson was scheduled to perform during her All for You Tour on 14 December 2001, but the show was cancelled, due to the 11 September 2001 attacks. On 2 October 2010, the Boston Bruins faced the Belfast Giants Selects in an NHL Challenge match. The Odyssey was short-listed for ?International Large Venue of the Year‘ (Outside of North America) in the 2005 Pollstar Concert Industry Awards, making it one of the top six major concert venues in the world. The complex features: The Odyssey Arena – Northern Ireland‘s biggest indoor arena hosts concerts and sporting events such as Belfast Giants games.
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W5 – stands for ―Who, What, Where, When, Why‖. W5 is an award-winning science exhibition centre demonstrating the powers of science. The Odyssey Pavilion – contains bars: Rockies Sports Bar, Chic Shed Bar. Restaurants: Soda Joes, Pizza Hut, Indian Ocean, The Streat, Red Panda. Nightclubs: Box Nightclub, Beach Club. The Odyssey Bowl and Odyssey Cinemas (formerly Storm cinema, Vue) 12–screen multiplex. A Sheridan IMAX operated in the complex from 2000 until 2007, with its former location remaining vacant as of 2013. 60. Which of the following is NOT true about the Odyssey Arena in the first paragraph? A. The Odyssey Arena was jointly funded and the owner is Odyssey Trust. B. The building of the Odyssey Pavilion is under the control of KPMG. C. Both the Arena and the Pavilion opened in Northern Ireland in 2000. D. ? 120 million is said to have been spent on the completion of the Odyssey. 61. What has been hosted in the Odyssey Arena so far? a. World Wrestling Entertainment live events. b. The 2005 Pollstar Concert Industry Awards. c. The Premier League Darts. d. Janet Jackson's All for You Tour. e. An NHL Challenge match. A. a; b; c B. c; d; e C. a; b; d D. a; c; e 62. What can we infer from the passage? A. The Odyssey Arena is Northern Ireland‘s biggest arena. B. W5 is a science exhibition centre with educational purpose. C. In the Odyssey Pavilion, you can visit many scenic attractions. D. A Sheridan IMAX has operated in its former location since 2000. C Grasshoppers are having to change their song — one of the iconic sounds of summer — to make themselves heard above the noise of road traffic, ecologists have discovered. The study, published in the British Ecological Society's journal Functional Ecology, is the first to show that human-made noise affects natural insect populations. Animals use sound to communicate for many reasons, including marking out territory, warning of predators and finding mates, and although previous research shows birds, whales and even frogs change their calls in noisy environments, the impact of human-made noise on insects has been neglected until now. Ulrike Lampe and colleagues from the University of Bielefeld in Germany caught 188 male bow-winged grasshoppers, half from quiet locations and half from beside busy roads. The grasshoppers use their song to attract mates. The team then studied the differences in the two groups' songs in the laboratory. To encourage them to sing they exposed the males to a female grasshopper, and then recorded their courtship songs. Analysis of almost 1,000 recordings revealed grasshoppers living beside noisy roads produced different songs to those living in quieter locations. According to Lampe: "Bow-winged grasshoppers produce songs that include low and high frequency components. We found that grasshoppers from noisy habitats increase the volume of the lower-frequency part of their song, which makes sense since road noise can mask signals in this part of the frequency spectrum(频谱)."
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The team's findings are important because traffic noise could be upsetting the grasshopper's mating system(交配系统). "Increased noise levels could affect grasshopper courtship in several ways. It could prevent females from hearing male courtship songs properly, prevent females from recognising males of their own species, or impair females' ability to estimate how attractive a male is from his song," Lampe explains. Having discovered that human-made noise affects insect communication, the researchers now want to learn more about how the mechanism works, and whether the grasshoppers adapt to noise during their development as larvae（幼虫）, or whether males from noisy habitats produce different songs due to genetic differences. The bow-winged grasshopper is a common species in Central Europe. Adults occur mainly between July and September, preferring dry grasslands. Around 1.5 cm long, they vary in colour from green and browns to red and purple. The male's song consists of 2 second-long phrases that increase in amplitude (振幅) towards the end. The beginning of a phrase is characterised by slower ticking sounds that increase in speed and amplitude, leading to a buzzing sound towards the end of the phrase. A courtship song usually includes 2 phrases. 63. The author wrote the article to _________________. A. introduce how grasshoppers make noises to attract mates. B. raise the awareness of protecting bow-winged grasshoppers. C. inform us of a recent discovery of ecological research. D. warn us that human-made noise has changed ecological system. 64. Which of the following could be the main idea of the passage? A. Bow-winged grasshoppers use their songs to communicate. B. Grasshoppers change their songs to adapt to the noisy environment. C. Grasshoppers‘ songs include both low and high frequency components. D. Bow-winged grasshoppers are a common species in Central Europe. 65. What does the underlined word ―impair‖ in the fourth paragraph mean? A. repair B. develop C. weaken D. improve 66. Which of the following statements is true according the passage? A. Road noise can cover the lower-frequency part of their song. B. Animals make sounds only for the purpose of finding mates. C. Grasshopper larvae learn to adapt to human-made noise. D. Bow-winged grasshoppers grow up into adults in spring. D Mr. Hungerton, her father, really was absolutely centered upon his own silly self. If anything could have driven me from Gladys, it would have been the thought of such a father-in-law. I am convinced that he really believed in his heart that I came round to the Chestnuts three days a week for the pleasure of his company, and very especially to hear his views upon bimetallism (金银双币制). For an hour or more that evening I listened to his tiring talk about bad money driving out good, and the true standards of exchange. ―Suppose,‖ he cried, ―that all the debts in the world were called up at once, and immediate payment insisted upon,—what under our present conditions would happen then?‖ I gave the self-evident answer that I should be a ruined man, upon which he jumped from his chair, scolding me for my thoughtless quickness, which made it impossible for him to discuss any reasonable subject in my presence.
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At last I was alone with Gladys, and the moment of Fate had come! She sat with that proud, delicate figure of hers outlined against the red curtain. How beautiful she was! Gladys was full of every womanly quality. I was about to break the long and uneasy silence, when two critical, dark eyes looked round at me, and the proud head was shaken disapprovingly. ―I have a feeling that you are going to propose, Ned. I do wish you wouldn‘t; for things are so much nicer as they are.‖ I drew my chair a little nearer. ―Now, how did you know that I was going to propose?‖ I asked in wonder. ―Don‘t women always know? Do you suppose any woman in the world was ever taken unawares? But—oh, Ned, our friendship has been so good and so pleasant! What a pity to spoil it! Don‘t you feel how splendid it is that a young man and a young woman should be able to talk face to face as we have talked?‖ She had sprung from her chair, as she saw signs that I proposed to announce some of my wants. ―You‘ve spoiled everything, Ned,‖ she said. ―It‘s all so beautiful and natural until this kind of thing comes in! It is such a pity! Why can't you control yourself?‖ ―But why can‘t you love me, Gladys? Is it my appearance, or what?‖ ―No, it isn‘t that.‖ ―My character?‖ She nodded severely. ―What can I do to mend it?‖ She looked at me with a wondering distrust which was much more to my mind than her whole-hearted confidence. ―Now tell me what‘s amiss with me?‖ ―I‘m in love with somebody else,‖ said she. It was my turn to jump out of my chair. ―It‘s nobody in particular,‖ she explained, laughing at the expression of my face: ―only an ideal. I‘ve never met the kind of man I mean.‖ ―Tell me about him. What does he look like?‖ ―Oh, he might look very much like you.‖ ―How dear of you to say that! Well, what is it that he does that I don‘t do? I‘ll have a try at it, Gladys, if you will only give me an idea what would please you.‖ ―Well, it is never a man that I should love, but always the glories he had won; for they would be reflected upon me. Think of Richard Burton! When I read his wife‘s life of him I could so understand her love! And Lady Stanley! Did you ever read the wonderful last chapter of that book about her husband? These are the sort of men that a woman could worship with all her soul, and yet be the greater, not the less, on account of her love, honored by all the world as the inspirer of noble deeds.‖ ―And if I do——‖ Her dear hand rested upon my lips. ―Not another word, Sir! You should have been at the office for evening duty half an hour ago; only I hadn‘t the heart to remind you. Some day, perhaps, when you have won your place in the world, we shall talk it over again.‖ 67. Why did the writer often come round to the Chestnuts? A. To hear Mr. Hungerton‘s views upon bimetallism. B. To find the opportunity of staying with Gladys. C. To learn Mr. Hungertong‘s standards of exchange. D. To discuss the present economy with Gladys 68. What can we infer from the passage?
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A. It took great patience and courage for the writer to propose to Gladys. B. Mr. Hungerton tried to stop the writer from proposing to his daughter. C. It was difficult for Gladys to choose an ideal husband from her friends. D. It was impossible for the writer to have any chance to marry Gladys. 69. Why did Gladys refuse the writer‘s proposal? A. She was now in love with one of their friends. B. Richard Burton and Stanly occupied all her heart. C. The writer did not seem to be a promising young man. D. The writer didn‘t live up to her standard at the moment. 70. Which of the following words can best describe Gladys? A. Careful, choosy and stubborn. B. Unfriendly, cold and self-centred. C. Lovely, confident, and idealistic. D. Simple-minded, active and attractive 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Observational Learning: To See Is to Know A group of psychologists, led by Albert Bandura, developed social learning theory, which emphasizes the fact that much learning occurs in a social context. This kind of learning, which results simply from observing and imitating the behaviors of others, is called observational learning. Observational learning helps people acquire proper behaviors in their families and cultures: By watching others, we learn how to greet people, eat, laugh and tell jokes. Do you still remember your first few days in senior grade one? By watching others, you learned how people talked to each other, what clothes were ―fashionable,‖ and how to interact with instructors. The people from whom you learn new behaviors through observing function as models, presenting a behavior to be imitated. With modeling, you observe others‘ behaviors, and then none, some, or all of these behaviors may be learned and repeated, or modified. In one of Bandura‘s classic studies, children were divided into three groups: One group watched an adult beating up a Bobo doll, one group watched an adult ignoring the Bobo doll, and the third didn‘t see an adult at all. After being mildly frustrated by being placed in a room with toys, but not being allowed to play with some of them, all of the children were then placed in another room with a variety of toys, including a Bobo doll. Children in the first group tended to imitate what they had seen, mistreating the doll (and inventing new ways to abuse it) and being aggressive with the other toys in the room. Researchers have discovered that several characteristics of models can make learning through observation more effective. Not surprisingly, the more you pay attention to the model, the more you learn. You are more likely to pay attention if the model is an expert, is good looking, has high status, or is socially powerful. Second, by watching others, we learn about what behaviors are appropriate for people like ourselves, so models who are seen as similar are more readily imitated. All students need to see successful, capable models who look and sound like them. Then, as teachers, how can you apply observational learning? Here are a few guidelines. Above all, model the behaviors and attitudes you desire your students to learn. For example, show enthusiasm for the subject you teach. Be willing to demonstrate both the mental and the physical tasks you expect the students to perform. Second, use peers, especially class leaders, as
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models. For example, in group work, pair students who do well with those who are having difficulties. Third, you may seek the help of class leaders in modeling behaviors. Examples include letting high-status students lead an activity when you need class cooperation or when students are likely to be reluctant at first. Observational Learning: To See Is to Know Observational learning is learning that occurs through (72) ▲ and imitation of others. Observational learning helps people learn how to behave (73) ▲ in their families and cultures. Models are the people who present behaviors for you to imitate. Bandura‘s study shows that if children observe bad behaviours, they will become (74) ▲ themselves. Children are more (76) ▲ to imitate models who are experts, good looking, powerful and have high status. Models (77) learning. ▲ to ourselves promote observational
(71) ▲ and application of observational learning
Models and influences
(75) ▲ of models that make observational learning more effective.
Modeling the (79) important approach. How to use observational learning in (78) ▲
behaviors and attitudes is an
Using peers, especially class leaders, as models is another method. (80) ▲ the help of class leaders in modeling behaviors is also a good choice.
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） （说明：本部分提供了两篇书面表达，各校根据复习情况可任选一篇练习） 书面表达 （1）阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文: I realize I am holding an apple tree in my hand---a little seed with the potential to become a beautiful big tree—a tree that can grow thousands of apples in its lifetime. Thousands of apples,
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each containing several seeds, each capable of growing a new tree which again can produce thousands of apples. Why then the world isn‘t filled with apple trees? It is a rule of nature that only a few of these seeds grow. And it comes to my mind it‘s quite often so with people‘s dreams also. Wonderful ideas come to our minds but they die too soon. The dreams are too far away from our life. And then one day we wonder what has happened to our dreams—why do they never come true? I wonder when someone is seriously growing apples, how much work does it require? Maybe it is like with our dreams: the seeds of your dreams do not automatically grow. Planting an apple tree, it might take many tries. You might meet dozens of people until you meet the true friend. But if you keep on sowing the seeds of your dream, one day you will succeed. And after that others will comment you are lucky to be successful—when in fact you probably have failed more often than you would like to count. But you are good at failing—you learn, you adapt, and then with your new knowledge you try again. And again. And again. And one day success is yours. I pick up the apple seed again—but instead of throwing it away I take an empty flower pot, pour some earth into it and plant the seed. Maybe one day it will grow into a proud tree. [写作内容] 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 词谈谈你对实现梦想的看法, 内容包括: (1) 说明现实生活中许多人虽有梦想但没有实现的原因。 (2) 谈谈你如何面对现实, 实现自己的人生梦想。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以参考阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用原文的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 书面表达 (2) 随着科技的发展, 电子书和网上读物不断普及,这种阅读方式与传统的纸质阅读有很大 的不同,请你就这两种阅读方式的利弊进行比较并谈谈你的看法及对未来阅读方式的预测。 阅读方式 利 弊 你的看法和预测 电子阅读 很多网上读物免费；查询方 便；不浪费自然资源 伤眼睛；必须购置设备；无 法做随读笔记 (至少三点...) 纸质阅读 阅读轻松；不伤眼睛；可以 在书上做随读笔记 需要花钱买书；浪费自然资 源...
注意: 1. 对所给要点要逐一陈述,适当发挥, 不要简单翻译。 2. 字数 150 左右。开头已经写好，不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 With the development of science and technology, e-books and online readings are becoming more and more popular. People nowadays can not only read online but also read on mobile
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徐州市 2013~2014 学年度高三年级打靶卷
第一部分 听力 1 – 5 CABBA 6 – 10 ACCBB 11 – 15 CCABB 16 – 20 CBACA 第二部分 英语知识运用 第一节 单项填空 21 – 25 DABDC 26 – 30 BCBDC 31 – 35 CCBDA 第二节 完形填空 36 – 40 BACAD 41 – 45 CBDBD 46 – 50 BAACB 51 – 55 DACCD 第三部分 阅读理解 56 – 59 ACBB 60 – 62 CDB 63 – 66 CBCA 67 – 70 BADC 第四部分 任务型阅读 71. Definition / Concept / Meaning 72. observation 73. properly / appropriately / well 74. aggressive / violent / rude 75. Features / Characteristics 76. likely 77. similar 78. teaching / education / instruction 79. desired / expected / target 80. Seeking 第五部 书面表达 One possible version: （1） Dreams are like the seeds of an apple tree. Every seed has the potential to grow into a big beautiful apple tree. But unfortunately, not all of them can succeed. In our real life, many people have their beautiful dreams. But some of them fail to turn them into reality. There are many reasons for their failures. First of all, it's a rule of nature that not all seeds can become big apple trees. In other words, maybe their dreams are not so realistic. Secondly, when they have their dreams, they don't work hard to make them come true. Actually, to realize your dreams is like planting an apple tree. You have to keep on sowing the seeds until you succeed. I like physics. My dream is to become a physicist. Last year, I got the first prize in physics
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contest in our city. I am sure my dream will be realized if I keep on trying. (2) With the development of science and technology, e-books and online readings are becoming more and more popular. People nowadays can not only read online but also read on mobile phones and other electronic equipment like i-pad. Reading in this way both has advantages and disadvantages. First of all, some of online readings are free of charge. Secondly, it is easy to find what you want to read just by typing out key words. What's more, e-readings don't use natural resources. But e-books do have their disadvantages. For example, they hurt your eyes if you read too long. What's more, you have to have a computer and other equipment. What makes matters worse, you can't make notes on pages. Quite opposed to e-reading, traditional reading won't hurt your eyes. You can make notes just on pages. Besides that, you can keep your books as long as forever. But it costs you money to buy them. And making paper for books wastes natural resources. In my opinion, history makes everything. In ancient times, the Chinese people used bamboo books. Maybe in the future, we will never have paper books. E-books will be just as convenient. 听力原稿 Text 1 M: So, how was it? W: I‘m not sure. M: What do you mean by saying ―not sure‖? W: Well, I didn‘t see most of it. Whenever the monster appeared, I closed my eyes. Are you going to see it? M: Oh, I don‘t think so. I don‘t like scary movies. Text 2 M: Afternoon, Julie. Have you got the time? W: Yes. It‘s two thirty-two. M: Thanks. W: You‘re welcome. Text 3 W: Susan is the apple of her father‘s eye. M: I‘m afraid that she will become a spoiled child someday. W: It‘s none of our business. Her father knows best. M: OK, I‘ll keep my mouth shut then.
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Text 4 W: Could I have an interview with you for a program at 10:00 tomorrow morning, Doctor Johnson? M: I‘m sorry, Miss Brand. I‘ll be meeting my students then. What about 30 minutes later? W: OK, we‘ll meet then. Text 5 W: So what do you usually do in your free time? M: At the moment, I‘m spending much of my free time learning German. I also enjoy playing the piano. W: Do you play any sports? M: Not much. But I go to the sports club once a week. Text 6 W: Excuse me, sir. M: Yes? W: I want to go to the Loblaw Shopping Mall on St. Laurent Street. Could you show me the way? M: Yes. This is Times Square. It‘s quite a long walk from here to the shopping mall, so you‘d better take a bus. W: Is there a bus station around here? M: Yes. Let me see. You can take a No.4 or No.5 bus, or, the No.11 on the other side of the street can take you there directly. W: How many stops are there before I get to the shopping mall? M: Oh, about four or five. The safest way is to ask the driver to drop you off at the shopping mall. W: I see. Thanks a lot. By the way, is Fifth Avenue far from the shopping mall? M: No. It‘s not very far. You can walk there. On your way to Fifth Avenue, you can get a good view of the city. W: Thank you. M: You‘re welcome. Text 7 M: May, what do you usually have for breakfast in America? W: I usually have bread, fried eggs, a bowl of porridge for it. What about you, Paul? M: I like to have ham and eggs, bread and butter, vegetable salad and orange, a usual English breakfast. W: More and more young people in China have come to like the western breakfast. They think it‘s very convenient and good for health.
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M: Having western food for breakfast is good for one‘s health. In England since most people begin working early in the afternoon, they often have fast food for lunch such as sandwiches, apple pies, and beef noodles. W: We often have lunch in a dining hall. M: Do you have the habit of drinking afternoon tea with cakes! W: No, we usually wait for dinner. It‘s the biggest meal of the day. All the members of the family come home and sit together, enjoying dishes with cooked rice. Text 8 W: Excuse me, where‘s your manager? I want to see the manager. M: The manager? Well, I don‘t see her around. Maybe I can help you. W: Yeah. Look, I‘m returning this chicken. M: What‘s the matter with it? W: What‘s the matter with it? Look at it. It‘s bad. Look at the color. I can‘t make chicken soup with a chicken like this. It‘s rotten. Here, smell it. Go ahead, smell it. M: I‘m smelling it. I smell it, lady. W: Where are your manners, anyway? And where is your boss? M:I don‘t know where she is. But we have never sold such chickens. Are you mistaken? W: Mistaken? My friend told me that your shop sold the tastiest chicken in this city. So I came a long way to buy one. But I never thought Smith‘s was actually that bad. M: Well, you see, that‘s the problem. This is not Smith‘s supermarket. We are always the best. I‘m afraid you have to go across the street to Smith‘s and shake the chicken in their manager‘s face. Text 9 M: This is Mr. Moore. I‘d like to talk to the doctor about my daughter. W: Hold the line, please… Hello, Mr. Moore. What seems to be the problem? M: It‘s my daughter Linda. I‘m worried about her. She‘s running a fever. W: How long has she been running this fever? M: Let‘s see. It started yesterday evening. W:I see. Have you taken her temperature with a thermometer? M: Yes. The last time I took it, it was 37.8℃. W: Well. 37.8℃ isn‘t too bad. How about her stomach? Has she vomited? M: No, not a sharp pain and she hasn‘t vomited either. W: Well, let‘s see—not much pain. She hasn‘t vomited, and her temperature‘s not high—it sounds like it isn‘t too serious. M: Should I be giving her any medicine? W: I really don‘t think she needs any special medicine right now. Mr. Moore, keep her in bed and have her drink plenty of water.
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M: Should I bring her into your office? W: No, I don‘t think I need to see her. But if she starts to feel worse and her fever gets higher, bring her in and I‘ll have a look at her. M: Thank you. Bye. Text 10 I have been weak in hearing all my life. By the time I was five years old, putting on hearing aids in the morning was just as normal as brushing my teeth. However, I never believed that it should limit my success in any way. I have been looked down upon during my l7 years. My head teacher told my parents I belonged in a school for the deaf. My classmates told me something was wrong with my brain. People speak louder than usual when they see my hearing aids in my ears. However, my hearing disability has made me a stronger person. I have to work harder and earn the respect of my teachers. In sports, I have to run faster, hit harder, catch better and score more points to prove I‘m not physically limited. I consider myself no different from anyone else. In my struggle to prove I‘m equal to my non-disabled classmates, I have made myself better than the average teenagers. I truly believe I would not be the strong person I am today if I did not have a hearing disability.
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