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☆重点句型☆ 1. What should a friend be like? 询问对方的看法 2. I think he / she should be…表示个人观点的词语 3. I enjoy reading / I'm fond of singing / I like playing computer games. 等表示喜好的词语 4. Chuck is on a flight when suddenly his plane crashes. “when"作并列连词的用法 5. What / Who / When / Where is it that...? 强调句的 特殊疑问句结构 6. With so many people communicating in English everyday, ... “with+宾语+宾补”的结构做状语 7. Can you tell me how to pronounce...? 带连接副词 (或代词)的不定式做宾补的用法 ☆重点词汇☆ 1. especially v. 特别地 2. imagine v. 想像 3. alone adv. / adj. 单独,孤独的 4. interest n. 兴趣 5. everyday adj. 每天的,日常的 6. deserted adj. 抛弃的 7. hunt v. 搜寻 8. share v. 分享 9. care v. 在乎,关心 10. total n. 总数 11. majority n. 大多数 12. survive v. 生存,活下来 13. adventure n. 冒险 14. scared adj. 吓坏的 15. admit v. 承认 16. while conj. 但是,而 17. boring adj. 令人厌烦的 18. except prep. 除……之外 19. quality n. 质量 20. favourite adj. 最喜爱的 ☆重点短语☆ 1. be fond of 爱好 2. treat…as…把……看作为……3. make friends with 与……交朋友 4. argue with sb. about / over sth. 与某人争论某事 5. hunt for 寻找 6. in order to 为了 7. share…with 与……分享 8. bring in 引进; 赚钱 9. a great / good many 许多…10. have difficulty (in) doing 做……有困难 11. end up with 以……结束 12. except for 除……之外 13. come about 发生 14. make(a)fire 生火 15. make yourself at home 别拘束 16. the majority of 大多数 17. drop sb. a line 给某人写短信 18. for the first time 第一次 19. at all 根本;竟然 20. have a (good) knowledge of…精通…… ☆短语闯关☆ l. be fond ____ 喜欢,爱好 of 2. hunt ____ 搜索。追寻,寻找 for 3. in to ____ 为了 order 4. care ____ 担心,关心 about 5. such ____ 例如,诸如 as 6. drop sb a ____ 给某人写信(通常指写短信) line 7. make oneself at ____ 别客气 home 8. ____ total 总共 in 9. except ____ 除了……之外 for 10. stay ____ 不睡,熬夜 up 11. ____ about 发生 come 12. end ____ with 以……告终 up 13. bring ____ 引进,引 来 in 14. a great ____ 许许多多,极多 many 15. be ____ 对……深感兴趣,深深迷 上…… Into 16. ____ the Internet 上网 surf 17. ____ classes 逃学,逃课 skip 18. get ____ 聚会,相聚,聚集 together 19. be proud ____ 为……感到骄傲 of 20. keep an ____ on 照看,注意 eye 21. be curious ____ 对……感到好奇 about 22. shut ____ (使)住口 up 23. joke ____ 开玩笑 about 24. ____ the name of 以……名 义 in 25. ____ the time 总是,一直 all ☆单词聚焦☆ 1. argue v. 的用法 ▲构词:argument n. 1. [C]争论 2. [U]讨论.辩论 3. [C]论据 ▲ 搭配: ① argue with / against sb. over / on / about sth. 与某人 争论某事

② argue for / against sth. 辩论赞成/反对某事 ③ argue that... 主张,认为,争辩说 ④ argue sb into / out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事 ▲友情提示:“说服某人做/不做某事”还可表达为:talk / persuade / reason sb. into / out of doing sth. ⑤ settle the argument 解决争端 ▲友情提示:an argument with sb about / over sth. 为某事和某人而发生的争执 【考例】What laughing ____ we had about the socially respectable method for moving spaghetti (意大利式细面条) from plate to mouth. (2004 全国卷 I) A. speeches B. lessons C. sayings D. arguments [考查目标] argue 名词形式的词义。 [答案与解析] D argument 的词义是“争辩,辩论”。 2. compare v. 的用法 ▲构词:comparison n. 比较 ▲搭配:① compare...to... 比拟;比作 ② compare... with / to... 将……和……相比较 ③ compare notes 对笔记;交换意见 【考例】 ____ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared [答案与解析] D 本句 compare 用在句首作状语,并有“被比较”的意思。 3. consider v. 的用法 ▲构词:consideration n. 考虑,思考;体谅,顾及 ▲搭配: ① consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 ② consider sb (to be / as)... 认为/觉得某人…… ③ consider that- clause 认为…… ④ take sth into consideration 考虑 ⑤ under consideration 在考虑中 【考例】Charles Babbage is generally considered ____ the first computer. (NMET 1993) A. to invent B.inventing C. to have invented D. having invented [考查目标] consider 的几种常见用法。 [答案与解析] C consider 本身是被动语态时,后接不定式的各种结构。如果表示已经发生的 事情.用不定式的完成形式。 4. deserted adj. 空无一人的;被遗弃的;被抛弃的 (1) 空无一人的 a deserted street / area 空无一人的街道,地区;The office was quite deserted. 办公室里空无一人。 (2) 被遗弃的 a deserted child 被遗弃的孩子 (3) desert ['dezot] n. 沙漠 desert [dI'zo:t] vt. 丢弃;遗弃 He deserted his wife and children after becoming rich. 5. difficulty n. (1) difficulty (通常作复数) 难事,难点,难题 She met with many difficulties when travelling. (2) 在以下句型中,difficulty 是不可数名词,不能用复数形式。 have (some) difficulty (in) doing sth. 干某事有困难 there is (some) difficulty (in) doing sth. have (some) difficulty with sth. 在某事上有困难 there is (some) difficulty with sth.

do sth. with difficulty / without difficulty 困难地/轻而易举地做某事 We had a lot of difficulty in finding your house. Do you have any difficulty with your English? 【注意】 (1) 以上句型中,difficulty 前可加 some, little, much, a lot of, no, any 修饰 (2) 以上句型中,亦可用 trouble 来代替 difficulty。 6. favourite = favorite (A. E) 最喜爱的;最喜爱的人或事物 (1) adj. 最喜爱的 My favorite sport is playing football. (2) n. [C] 最喜爱的人或事物 He is a favorite with his uncle. 7. fun 的用法 ▲构词:funny adj. 有趣的.滑稽的,好笑的;奇特的,古怪的 ▲搭配: ① make fun of 取笑;嘲弄;开某人的玩笑 ② (just)for / in fun = (just) for the fun of it 取乐,非认真地,说/做着玩的 ③ be full of fun…… 很好玩 ④ have fun with sb. 和某人开一个玩笑 ⑤ have (some) fun 玩得(很)高兴,玩得(很)开心 ⑥ It's (great) fun to do sth 干某事很有趣;干某事真是一件趣事;干某事真开心 ⑦ What fun (it is) to do sth! 干某事多么有趣呀! ⑧ have a lot of fun doing sth 干某事玩得很开心 【考例】 (200 上海春招) This is not a match. We're play- ing chess just for ____. A. habit B. hobby C. fun D. game [答案与解析]C,for fun 常在句中用作状语,意思是“说/做着玩的”。 8. imagine 的用法 ▲构词:① imagination n. [C / U] 想像,想像力,想像的事物 ② imaginative adj. 富有想像 力的 ▲搭配:① imagine sth / doing sth ② beyond (all) imagination (完全)出乎意料地 【考例】 I can hardly imagine Peter ___across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. (MET 1991) A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed [考查目标] imagine 的基本用法。 [答案与解析] C imagine 后接动词的-ing 形式,本句的 Peter 是这个动名词的逻辑主语。 9. interest 的用法 interest vt. 使……感兴趣 n. 兴趣, 爱好 [U] 利息; 利润 He has a great interest in politics. 他对政治极感兴趣。/ a broad interest 广泛的利益 / a common interest 共同的利益 / a strong interest 极强的兴趣 ▲构词:① interesting 令人感兴趣的(事物) ② interested (某人对某事)有兴趣的 ▲搭配:① interest sb in sth 使某人注意,关心或参入某事;使某人对某事感兴趣 ② be interested in 对……感兴趣(关心) ③have an interest in sth. / in doing sth. 对某方面有兴趣 ( 关心 ) ;在 …… 中有股份、权益等 ④ hold one's interest 吸引住某人的兴趣 ⑤ in the interest(s) of 为……利益; 为……起见; 对……有利 ⑥ lose interest in 对……不再感兴趣 ⑦ show / take (an) interest in / in doing sth. 对……表示关心(有兴趣) ⑧ have / take / feel no interest in 对……不 (不太) 感兴趣 ⑨ with interest 有兴趣地,津津有味地 ⑩develop / find / feel interest in sth. / in doing sth. 在某方面培养/有兴趣 ? lose interest in sth. / in doing sth. 对某方面失去兴趣

有时 interest 可与不定冠词连用。He developed an interest in science. 另外:interest 作“爱好”解时,是可数名词。 His interests include reading and tennis. 【考例】____, they immediately suggested that she put them together to make a single one long story and paid Tracy a $50,000 advance. (2004 全国卷 II) A. Interested B. Anxiously C. Seriously D. Encouraged [考查目标] interest 派生词的词义和用法。 [答案与解析] A interested 指(出版商)对这件事有兴趣。 10. prove 的用法 ▲构词:① proof n. 证据。试验,考验,(印刷)校样 ▲搭配:① prove sth to sb 向某人证实…… ② prove to sb that 从句向某人证实…… ③ prove (oneself) to be 证明(自己)是,表现出 【考例】It was in the neighboring country — United States that such resistance to spray was first ____. (05 长春模拟) A. proved B. killed C. thought D. discussed [考查目标] 考查 prove 的意思。 [答案与解析] A 本题 was proved 的意思是“得到证实”,有被动意味。 11. provide 的用法 ▲构词:① provider n. 供给者,供应者,养家者 ② provided / providing conj. 倘若 ▲搭配:provide sb with sth / sth to sb 给……提供;以……装备 【考例】His son ____ the old man with all the food and the money he needed. A. provided B. fed C. afforded D. charred [考查目标]考查 provide 的词义。 [答案与解析]A provide 与 with 搭配,意思是“向某人提供某物”。 12. share 的用法 ▲搭配:① share (in) sth. with sth. 和某人分享、分担、共用某物 ② share sth (out) between / among... 将某物分配、分给…… ③ share joys / happiness and sorrows (with sb) (和某人) 同 甘共苦 ④ share one's opinion 同意某人的意见 【考例】Let Harry play with your toys as well, Clare — you must learn to ____. (NMET 2000) A. support B. care C. spare D. share [考查目标] 此题主要考查在语境中选择动词的能力。 [答案与解析] D 四个选项的含义分别为:support 支持;care 在意,关心;spare 挤出(时 间),匀出某物;share 分享,分担,与某人合用。根据语境可知说话者是想让 Clare 学会与 人共享——把玩具(拿出来)和 Harry 一起玩,share 在此意为“合用玩具”,解此题的关键是信 息 play with your toys as well。故 D 为最佳答案。 13. solve 的用法 ▲构词:solution n. 1. [C] (问题的)解答;(困难的)解决方法 2. [U] 解答,解决 3. [U] 溶解 ▲搭配:the solution to 解决……的办法 【考例 3】In the end, one suggestion seems to be the solution ____ the problem. A. with B. into C. for D. to

【句型归纳】 1. I don't enjoy singing, nor do I like computers. 我不喜欢唱歌,也不喜欢电脑。/ Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. 摇滚音乐还可以,滑雪也行。 这两句中 nor 与 so 用于倒装结构。例如:I don't know, nor do I care. 我不知道,也不关心。

so 的常见句型有: (1) so + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语 (意为“主语也 ……” ) (2) neither / nor + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语(意为“主语也不……” ) (3) so it is / was with sb / sth 和 so it is / was the same with sb / sth (意为“主语也……” ) (用在前 文有两个或以上的从句, 而且分句有不同的谓语或既有肯定又有否定以及既有系动词义有 行为动词的情况) (4) so + 主语 + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 (意为“主讲确实如此”),表示进一步肯定。 (5) 主语 + did + so (意为“主语按照吩咐做了”)。 【考例】 Mary never does any reading in the evening, ____. (2005 全国 III) A. so does John B. John does too C. John doesn't too D. nor does John [考查目标] nor 表示“也不”引导的倒装结构。 [答案与解析] D 由 never 可以判断该句为否定句。空格处句意为“约翰也没读书”。nor, so, neither 可引起倒装句。 2. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. 查克 是个生意人,他总是那么忙,几乎没有时间和朋友在一起。 该句中 so...that... 和 such...that... 都能连接结果状讲从句,但要注意词序不同。例如:Joan is such a lonely girl that all of us like her. = She is so lovely a girl that we all like her. 常见句型: (1) such + a / an + 形容词 + 单数可数名词 + that clause (2) such + 形容词 + 复数可数名词 + that clause (3) such + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + that clause (4) so + 形容词 + a / an + 单数可数名词 + that clause (5) so + 形容词 / 副词 + that clause (6) so + many / few + 复数可数名词 + that clause (7) so + much / little + 不可数名词 + that clause 注意: ① 当 little 不表示数量“少”而表示“小”的意思时, 仍然 要用 such。 ② 当 so + adj. / adv. 或 such + n. 位于句首时,主句需要倒装。 【考例】 So difficult ____ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English. (2001 上海) A. I have felt B. have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel [考查目标] so + adj. 位于句首时,主句倒装。 [答案与解析] D A、C 语序不对,排除。B 时态不对。 3. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes. 一天,查克在飞越太平洋时.他的飞机突然坠毁了。 该句中的“when”表示“正在这时”, 相当于 and just 或 and at that time. 这时不能用 while / as 替换。 常见句型:(1) be about to do sth when... (2) be doing sth when... (3) be on the point of doing sth when... 【考例】We were swimming in the lake ____ suddenly the storm started. (2004 北京春招) A. when B. while C. until D. before [考查目标] "when" 作连词,表示“正在这时”。 [答案与解析] A 意为“我正在湖中游泳,突然暴风雨来了。”只有 when 才能用于这种句型。

4. He has to learn how to collect water, hunt for food, and make fire. 他不得不学会收集淡 水.寻找食物,生火什么的。 该句中的“how I to collect...”为动词不定式短语作宾语。例如:We must decide which one to buy. 疑问词 which, what, how, when, where 等与小定式构成不定式短语。 【考例】 I've worked with children before, so I knew what ____ in my new job. (NMET 2000) A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects [考查目标] what to do sth 不定式短语作宾语。 [答案与解析] B 该句需要填非谓语动词。排除 A、D。句意为“以前我与孩子在一块儿工作 过。因此我知道我的新工作需要什么。”C 不表示进行,排除 C。 5. In order to survive, Chuck developed a friendship with an unusual friend — a volleyball he called Wilson. 为了生存下去,查克和一位不寻常的朋友--“排球”建立了友谊,查克叫他 威尔森。 1. 该句中的"in order to",意思为“为了,以便”,作目的 状语。在句子中作同的状语的 常见句型有五种结构:to do sth / in order to do sth / so as to do sth / in order that clause / so that clause 注意:(1) so as to do sth 不能位于句首。(2) 如果主句与从句的主语一致时,四个结构可以 相互转换。 (3) 在 in order that / so that 引导的从句中, 谓语动词常与 can, could, may, might 等 情态动词连用。 【考例】(2005 北京) I'd like to arrive 20 minutes early ____ I can have time for a cup of tea. A. as soon as B. as a result C. in case D. so that [考查目标] 目的状语。 [答案与解析]D as soon as “一…就…”;as a result“结果是”;in case “万一”;so that“以便, 为的是”。句意:“我想提前二十分钟到以便有时间喝杯茶”。 2. 该句子中 volleyball 是作同位语。 例如: He advised farmers to choose the best seed-heads, the ones that had the best color. 注意:这种同位语(不是同位语从句)与非限制性定语从句的区别。 【考例】(NMET 2002) Meeting my uncle after these years was an unforgotten moment, ____ I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what [考查目标] one 作同位语,指代 a moment。 [答案与解析] B that 不能引导非限制性定语从句,排除 A;if 不能作同位语,排除 C;what 既不能引导非限制定语从句,也不能作同位语。可以填 which,这样就成了非限制性定语从 句。




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