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Language points:
Warming up
1.The Merchant of Venice 威尼斯商人 merchant [C] 商人(批发商人) a coal-merchant 煤商 a wine-merchant 酒商 2.Read the following quotations from different Shakespeare ’s

plays: 阅读下列摘自莎士比亚不同戏剧作品的句子: (1)“To be or not to be: that’s the question.” 活下去呢,还是一死了之,这是一个问题。 (2)“Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.” 位高心不宁。 (3)“Neither a borrower nor a lender be.” 既不借债也不还账。 (4)“Romeo, Romeo, why are you Romeo? Deny your father, and refuse your name?” 罗密欧,罗密欧,为什么你是罗密欧? 忘了你父亲,抛弃你的姓名吧。 (5)“Words, words, only words, no matter from the heart .” 总是花言巧语,不论是否真心。 选自 Troilus & Cressida 选自 King Henry Ⅳ 选自 King Henry Ⅳ 选自 Romeo & Juliet

思维拓展
businessman [C] 实业家 (公 司的经营者或有重要地位 的人) businesswoman 女实业家 选自 Hamlet

Listening
1.In which city does the play take place? 这出戏发生在哪个城市? take place(事情)发生;举行(活动) 。例如: The wedding took place yesterday. 昨天举行了婚礼。 The May Fourth Movement took place in 1919 . 五四运动发生于 1919 年。 Great changes have taken place in my hometown . 我的家乡发生了很大的变化。 2.How much money does Bassanio need to marry Portia? 巴萨尼奥需要多少钱才能娶鲍西娅? marry vt. & vi. 娶;嫁;使??结婚。例如: He married young. 他早婚。 He married a classmate from high school. 他与高中时代的同班同学结婚了。 He married his daughter to a doctor .
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思维拓展
take place 通常用于预先决 定的事,已计划、安排好; happen 表示 “突然、 碰巧” 。 例如: I happen to have no money with me that day. 恰好我那天没带钱。

要点提拣
marry 不与 with 连用 be married 结婚(表状态,可以延续) get married 结婚(表动作,不可延续) be married to sb. 与某人结婚 marry sb. to sb. 使??与??结婚

他把他女儿嫁给了一位医生。 Is he married? 他结婚了吗? They have been married for 50 years . 他们已结婚 50 年了。 3.What must Antonio give Shylock if he can’t pay back the debt? 如果安东尼奥不能偿还债务,他必须要给夏洛克什么? pay back 偿还。例如: He paid back his debts . 他偿还了借款。 Can you lend me some money? I will pay you back tomorrow . 你能不能借给我一点钱?我明天就还你。 He paid me back 100 dollars . 他还给我 100 美元。 4.What’s their relation to the other characters in the play? 在戏剧里,他们跟其他人物是什么关系? relation [U] & [C] 关系,关联;人际关系;亲戚。例如: We have business relations with the company . 我们公司与那家公司有业务关系。 Relations between the two countries are getting worse. 那两个国家之间的关系日益恶化。 Is he any relation to you? 他是你的亲戚吗?

全析提示
pay for 补偿;受??报应 pay off 还清 pay up (把应支付的钱)还清 pay one’s way 靠自己做;付自己的账

思维拓展
in/with relation to 和??相关,就??而言 build up/hurt/strengthen the relation with 建立/伤害/加强与??的关 系

Speaking
1.Mercy and Revenge 宽恕与复仇 (1)mercy [U] 宽恕,怜悯;[C] 幸运。例如: have mercy on (upon) sb. show (give) mercy to sb. be merciful to sb. 宽恕某人 with mercy 宽恕地 without mercy 毫不宽恕地 beg for mercy 祈求宽恕 (2)revenge [U] 复仇。例如: I took revenge on the people for what they did. 我报了仇,让他们对自己的行为付出了代价。 2.Some people don ’t like each other or are even enemies. 有些人彼此不喜欢,甚至是敌人。 enemy [C] 敌人。例如: Don’t make an enemy of him. 不要与他为敌。 He has many enemies . 他树敌太多。

思维拓展
at the mercy of sb. /sth. 受??的摆布, 在??的掌 握之中。例如: His life shall be at the mercy of the Duke. 他的生命全凭公爵处理。 The ship was at the mercy of the storm. 船在暴风雨中飘摇。

思维拓展
the enemy 敌军 (集合名词, 如果指每个个体用复数) 。 例如: The enemy was/were forced to retreat. 敌军被迫撤退。

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Cancer is an enemy of mankind. 癌症是人类的敌人。 3.It sometimes happens that people are in a position where they can take an important decision about a person they hate. 有时有这样的事发生,人们处在某个位置,这个位置可使他 们对所恨的人作出重大的决定。 (1)where 引导限制性定语从句,常用来修饰表示地点的名 词,在本句中修饰 a position。例如: I know of a place where we can have fun. 我知道一个可以玩得开心的地方。 Is there a shop around where we can get fruit? 附近有什么商店可以买到水果吗? Let’s think a situation where bronzes can be used . 让我们想一个可以用青铜器的场合。 (2)It happens that?vi. ??碰巧发生。例如: It happened that I saw her standing by the window . 我碰巧看见她站在窗边。 It happened that I didn’t have any time then. 我当时碰巧没时间。 It happened that the bridge had been built . 碰巧桥已经建成了。 4.But when the roles are turned around, it is Shylock who must beg the Duke to save his life. 但是当角色发生转变,又该夏洛克乞求公爵饶命了。 turn around 转身,掉头。例如: I turned around and saw that she was sitting behind me. 我转身看见她正坐在我身后。 5.Often the parents of the girl don ’t allow them to get married. 通常,女孩的父母不允许他们结婚。 allow vt.允许,许可。例如: We can’t allow such a thing. 我们不能听任这种事情发生。 Smoking is not allowed here. 此地禁止抽烟。 They didn’t allow him to stay there. 他们不允许他呆在那里。 6.If not, what do you think about a situation like that? 如果不是的话,你认为是什么样的情况? do you think 你认为??(插入语) 。例如: Which of these books do you think is the best? 这些书哪一本最好? How much money do you think I can lend to you? 你认为我能借给你多少钱? How many people do you think I should invite?
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思维拓展
where 也可引导非限制性定 语从句。例如: They have gone to Beijing, where they will stay for a week. 他们到南京去了, 将在那里 待一周。

要点提炼
sth. happen to sb. 某人碰巧发生某事 Something has happened to him.他出事了。 sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做某事 He happened to know that. 他碰巧知道那事。

思维拓展
turn around 倒转。例如: The market turned around very sharply about a week ago. 约一周前, 市场情况急剧逆 转。

要点提炼
allow sth. 允许某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人干某事 be allowed to do sth. 被许可干某事

全析提示
在疑问句中, 常常用 do you think 作插入语,放在疑问 词及其被修饰的成分之后, 表示询问对方的看法和意 见。因为 do you think 已经 表示疑问, 所以疑问句只能 用陈述语序。

你认为我应邀请多少人? Who do you think can answer this question? 你认为谁能回答这个问题? 7.As far as I know? 据我所知?? 例如: as far as I ’m concerned 就我而言 as far as they are concerned 就他们而言 as far as the eye can reach 就视力所及 8.after all 结果,终究;毕竟,究竟 例如: I expected to fail the exam, but I passed after all. 我想这次考试可能通不过,可我终究还是通过了。 I thought I could come to see you this afternoon . but I’m not free now after all. 我本想今天下午来看你,但是现在毕竟没时间。 I know you’re tired. After all you have been working all day. 我知道你很累,因为你工作了整整一天。

要点提炼
as far as prep. & conj. 远至某处。例如: They walked as far as the foot of a mountain. 他们走到山脚那么远。

全析提示
after all 表结果与预想不同, 通常置于句尾。 表原因时,通常置于句首。

Pre-reading
1.What are the names of the main characters in the play? 在戏剧中主要角色的名字是什么? character [C] (作品中的)人物;文字。[U] 性格;好品质。 例如: There are only two characters in the play . 这个戏剧中只有两个人物。 Chinese characters are hard to learn. 汉字难学。 He is a man who has character . 他品行好。 2.? , but we all believe that you will give it up in the end. ??但我们都认为你最终将放弃。 give up 放弃,停止做某事。例如: She gave up her seat to the old woman. 她把座位让给了那位老大娘。 She was forced to give up school. 他被迫辍学了。 Never give up studying foreign languages . 不要放弃学习外语。 3.If you won’t let me have it, that will be a sign of weakness and no one will trust your laws anymore. 如果你不让我得到它,那将是软弱的表现,而且将来没有人 相信你们的法律。 anymore adv . 再也(不) , (不)再。例如:
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思维拓展
in character 与自身个性相称的 out of character 与自身个性不相称的

要点提炼
give up doing sth. 停止做某事 give sth. up 对??放弃希望

全析提示
anymore 虽常分开写,但应 注意: He doesn’t work here anymore (any longer) . 他已不在这里工作了。

He doesn’t come here anymore. 他再也不到这儿来了。 Are they making this model anymore? 他们还做这种模型吗? We promised not to quarrel anymore. 我们答应再也不争吵了。 4.It’s useless trying to argue with Shylock . 同夏洛克讲理是没用的。 it’s (of) no use doing=it’s useless doing =it’s no use to do=there is no use doing 做??没用。例如: It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 不要为无益的事而后悔。 It’s no good drinking and smoking a lot . 过度吸烟喝酒没好处。 There is no use in arguing with him . 与他争论没用。 5.You might as well go stand upon the beach and argue with the sea. 你倒不如站在海滩上与大海争论。 may as well do sth. (as do sth. else) 还是做某事好,不如做某事。例如: We may as well have a try and see if it can be done. 我们还是试一试,看看能否办成。 There is nothing to do, so I may as well go to bed . 没什么事可做,我还是上床睡觉好了。 6.Don’t wait any longer. 别再等了。 not?any longer (=no longer) 不再。例如: She does not work here any longer . 她不再在这儿工作了。 We are not poor any longer . 我们不再贫穷了。 He could not catch up with them any longer . 他再也赶不上他们了。 7.Pass judgment on me and give Shylock what he wants. 对我宣判吧,把夏洛克想要的东西给他。 judgment [U] 宣判,审判。例如: The judgment is against her . 那项判决对她不利。 8.How can you hope for mercy yourself when you show none? 如果你一点儿都不表现出仁慈,又怎么样得到别人的仁慈? hope for 希望,期待。例如: She is hoping for her son’s early marriage.
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I can’t eat any more (even the smallest quantity) . 我再也吃不下了。

思维拓展
make use of 利用 be in use 使用之中 be of use 有用的 bring?into use 启用 put?to use 使用 come into use 开始使用

全析提示
as well as 等于;既??又; 与其??不如。例如: He has understanding as well as you. 他的理解力和你一样好。 She plays the piano as well as sings . 她不仅会唱歌, 而且会弹钢 琴。

思维拓展
no longer 用于肯定句, 在行 为动词前,be 后;not?any longer 用于否定句,not 在 助动词或 be 后,any longer 在句尾。 She no longer works here. 她不再在这儿工作了。

思维拓展
pass judgment on/upon sb. 开庭审判 in my judgment 在我看来

思维拓展
in the hope of doing 希望做 She came here in the hope of getting rich.

她希望她的儿子能早日结婚。 There is every reason to hope for success . 有充分的理由期待成功的到来。 He hoped for the best. 他作了最好的打算。 9.I desire my pound of flesh. 我要求得到我应得的一磅肉。 desire vt. 要求。例如: Many people desire better working conditions . 好多人渴望好的工作条件。 We always desire to live in peace with our neighbours . 我们一贯渴望与邻国和平相处。 The Queen desires that you (should) come at once. 女王要求你马上来。 It’s desired that you finish your homework before you leave. 你应完成作业再离开。 10.I don’t envy you your job. 我并不羡慕你的职业。 envy vt. 羡慕,嫉妒。例如: How I envy you your talent! 我多羡慕你的才能! She always envy me my hair . 她总是嫉妒我的头发。 11.This is a most troublesome case. 这是一个非常麻烦的案子。 troublesome adj. 讨厌的,麻烦的。例如: a troublesome boy/task 使人头疼的男孩/工作 12.Please be seated. 请就座。 例如: seat vt. 就座;容纳。例如: She seated herself on the sofa. 她坐在沙发上。 I found him seated at the back of the classroom . I found him seating himself at the back of the classroom . 我发现他坐在教室后面。 The big cinema can seat 1000 people. 这家电影院能容纳 1000 人。 13.Mercy falls like the gentle rain from the sky upon the earth. 慈悲就像甘露从天空降到大地。 gentle adj. (人、态度等)温柔的,和善的。例如: He is a very gentle person. 他是一个很和善的人。 她来这里希望发财。 in the hope that 希望(后跟从句)

要点提炼
desire sth. 要求某物 desire to do sth. 要求做某 事 desire that sb. (should) do/sth. (should) be done 要求某人干某事 It’s desired that sb. (should) do/sth. (should) be done 要求某人干某事

思维拓展
the envy [C] 可羡慕的人 She is the envy of her friends . 她的朋友都羡慕她。 I feel envy at his success . 我羡慕他的成功。

思维拓展
be seated=seat oneself=sit down=take/have a seat=take one’s seat=take one’s place 就座

思维拓展
gentle adj. 温顺的;高贵 的。例如: She is as gentle as a lamp. 她像羔羊一样温顺。 He is a person of gentle birth. 他是位家世良好的人。

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Mothers are always gentle with their babies . 母亲对待孩子总是温柔体贴。 He gave me a gentle tap on the shoulder . 他在我肩头轻轻拍了一下。 14.It blesses those who give it and those who receive it. 它不但赐福给施与的人,而且赐福给受施与的人。 bless vt. 赐福。例如: Fortune blessed him with success and victory . 命运之神赐他成功与胜利。 I am blessed with good friends . 我有好朋友,真是幸运。 God bless you! 愿上帝保佑你! 15.To do a great right, do a little wrong and in that way we can save Antonio. 做大而正确的事,犯点小错误,这样我们才能救安东尼奥。 (1)right [U] 正当,公正。例如: do right 做正当的事 tell/know right from wrong 辨别是非 (2)wrong [U] 邪恶,不正义。例如: Little children do not know right from wrong . 小孩不能明辨是非。 He has a sense of right and wrong. 他有是非观念。 16.Take more than three times your money and let me tear up this paper. 你拿三倍多的钱,让我撕掉这张纸吧。 tear (tore, torn) vt. & vi. 撕裂;撕开。例如: He tore the letter to pieces . 他把信撕成碎片。 She tore the skirt on a nail. 她的裙子被钉子钩破了。 Angry worker tore the notice down from the notice board . 愤怒的工人把布告栏上的通告撕下来了。 17.I have sworn to heaven to have my pound of flesh. 我已经对天发誓要我的那磅肉。 swear vt. & vi. (swore, sworn) 发誓;断言。例如: He swore that he would never drink . (=He swore never to drink.) 他发誓说决不再喝酒。 I swear that you are wrong. 我断言你错了。 18.Antonio, get ready and offer up your breast.
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思维拓展
blessing [C] 祝福;值得感 谢的事。 Good health is a blessing. 健康就是幸福。

思维拓展
right and duties 权利与义务 the right to vote 选举权 in one’s own right 凭自己的天赋

思维拓展
wrong [U] 坏事,不法行为 do a person wrong =do wrong to a person 冤枉某人

思维拓展
tear [C] 眼泪。例如: The sad play moved us to tears . 那出悲哀的戏使我们感动 得流下了眼泪。 She burst into tears . 她突然哭起来。 She was in tears . 她在流着眼泪。

思维拓展
swear by God 对天发誓。例如: I swear by God that I didn’t do it. 我对天发誓我没干那事。

思维拓展
offer vt. 提供。例如: They offered me computer for $1000. the

安东尼奥,准备好献出你的胸膛。 offer 献出。例如: They offer up a lamb to God. 他们向神献出羔羊。 She offered him a cup of tea. 她给他一杯茶。 19.And Shylock take your knife and prepare to do the deed. 夏洛克,拿起你的刀准备割吧。 do the deed 付诸行动,实施。例如: deed [U] 事件。如: To help the poor is a good deed. 帮助贫苦者是件好事。 A friend in need is a friend in deed. 患难见真交。 20.Do you bring a surgeon Shylock, to take care of Antonio ’s wounds and make sure that he doesn’t bleed to death? 夏洛克,你带外科医生照顾安东尼奥的伤口,确保他不流血 而死吗? (1)take care of 照料??,注意??例如: Who takes care of the pet? 谁照顾宠物? Take care of your health. 注意你的健康。 You should take care of yourself . 你应该照顾自己。 (2)make sure that 确定,查明。例如: Make sure that you pick me up at five. 你一定要在 5 点来接我。 Will you make sure that he returned? 请你查明他是否真的回来了,好吗? Make sure that the lights are off when you go to bed . 睡觉时务必关灯。 I can make sure that she is taken good help of . 我可以保证使她得到很好的照料。 21.If Shylock cuts deep enough, I ’ll pay him back with all my heart. 如果夏洛克割得够深的话。我就要用整个心偿还他的债了。 pay sb. back 偿还;报答;报复。例如: Susan doesn’t know how to pay him back for his help . 苏珊得到他的帮助,不知如何回报。 I have paid him back for the trick he played on me. 他捉弄了我,我已回敬他了。 22.I declare the court allows it and the law gives it to you.
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他们开价 1000 美元把那部 电脑卖给我。

全析提示
deed 指难度大而崇高的行 为或行动, 带有理智的判断 或责任,较庄重。例如: do heroic deeds 做出英勇事迹

思维拓展
Take care not to smoke too much.=Take care that you don’t smoke too much. 注意别抽太多烟。

思维拓展
make sure of/about 对??有把握 Will you make sure of his return? 请你查明他是否真的回来 了,好吗?

思维拓展
pay [U] 报酬。例如: I get my pay every Friday. 我每星期五领薪水。 payday 发薪日

思维拓展
declare against 声明反对 declare for 声明赞成

我宣布法庭许可你这样做,法律把它判给你。 declare vt. 宣告;发表;公告。例如: They will declare the results of the election soon . 他们将很快公布选举的结果。 I declare this meeting open. 本人宣布本次会议开始。 He declared that he was right. 他声称他是对的。 declare oneself 表明身份 declaration [C] & [U] 宣言 the Declaration of Independence 独立宣言

Post-reading
Why do you think Shylock prefers to take his pound of flesh instead of the money from Bassanio? 你认为为什么夏洛克愿意要那磅肉而不要巴萨尼奥的钱? (1)prefer vt. 更喜欢,宁愿。例如: Do you prefer milk or coffee? 你喜欢牛奶还是咖啡? She prefers to live in the country. 她宁愿住在乡下。 I prefer you to answer the question. 我宁愿让你回答这个问题。 I prefer her not to come here. 我宁愿她不来。 I prefer walking to riding a bike. =I prefer to walk rather than ride a bike. 我宁愿步行而不愿骑自行车。 (2)instead of 代替,而不是。例如: As he was ill, she went to the meeting instead of her . 因为他病了,她代替他去开会。 He has come instead of his father . 他代他父亲来了。 It has become larger instead of smaller . 它变得更大,而不是更小。 Price rose quickly instead of slowly. 价格上涨快,而不是慢。 He went to the park on foot instead of by bus . 他是步行而不是乘车去公园的。 His words decreased instead of increased her courage. 他的话使她泄了气,而不是鼓励了她。

要点提炼
prefer sth. 喜欢某物 prefer sth. to sth. 喜欢某物, 而不喜欢另一物 prefer to do 喜欢干?? prefer to do rather than do 喜欢干??而不喜欢 干?? prefer doing sth. to doing 喜欢干??而不喜欢 干?? prefer sb. to do 喜欢让某人干??

全析提示
instead of 后面可以跟名词、 代词、形容词、副词、介词 短语、动名词等。 instead of 肯定前面的内容, 否定后面的内容。 instead of 通常放在句首或 句中。 instead 代替,顶替。有时表 示否定上文提到的事物。 例 如: You may write in penc il instead. 你可以用铅笔写。

Language study 全析提示
1.The judge suggested that Shylock take the money that was offered by Bassanio and tear up the agreement.
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suggestion [U] & [C] 建议 make/offer/put forward a suggestion

法官建议夏洛克拿着巴萨尼奥提供的钱,撕毁协议。 suggest vt. 建议。例如: He suggested some books for me to read. 他向我推荐几本书读。 Did you suggest anything to her? 你向她提什么建议没有? I suggest doing it in a different way. 我建议用不同的方法做这件事。 He suggested that she (should) come the next day . 他建议她第二天来。 It’s suggested that the match (should) be put off . 建议取消比赛。 2.Bassanio told Antonio that he was in love with Portia. 巴萨尼奥告诉安东尼奥说他爱上鲍西娅了。 be/fall in love with 爱上,喜欢上。例如: He had never been in love before. 他从未谈过恋爱。 They have been in love with each other for three years . 他们已经恋爱三年了。 They fell in love with each other at a ball. 他们在一次舞会上相爱了。 3.However, he agreed to lend Antonio the money on one condition. 不管怎么说,他答应借钱给安东尼奥,但有一个条件。 condition [U] & [C] 状态,健康状态;条件。例如: My car is old but in good condition. 我的车虽老,但状况良好。 He is not in a condition to make a long trip. 他的健康状况不佳,不适合长途旅行。 He has been out of condition for two weeks . 他两周来精神欠佳。 Their working conditions are improving . 他们的工作条件正在改善。 4.I ask you to let him stand in my place and give judgment. 我请求你让他代我作出裁决。 in one’s place=in place of 代替某人。例如: The manager is away and I ’ll attend the meeting in his place (in place of the manager) . 经理不在,我将代替他出席会议。 Who will go in my place? 谁愿意代替我去? 5.He is young, but I never seen so young a body with so wise a head. 他很年轻,但是,我过去从来不知道有这么年轻又如此聪明 提出建议 follow one’s suggestion 遵照某人的建议 adopt a suggestion 采纳建议 suggest vt. 暗示。例如: His pale face suggested that he was ill. 他苍白的脸色表明他病了。 suggest 不能直接跟不定式。

思维拓展
first love 初恋 Love is blind. 爱是盲目的。 They are in love with each other. 他们彼此相爱。

思维拓展
①on condition that 在??条件下。例如: He’ ll lend you the money on condition that you return it on time. 他会把钱借给你, 条件是你 要按时归还。 ②on no condition 决不 On no condition shall I agree. 我决不会同意。

思维拓展
in one’s place 在适当的位 置上。例如: Everything in the room is in it’s place. 房间里一切都井井有条。 The bookshelf is out of place here. 书架放这里不协调。

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的人。 so adv . 如此,非常。例如: I’ve never seen so amusing a film . 我从来没看过这么有趣的电影。 I’ve never seen so beautiful a child. 我从来没见过这么漂亮的孩子。 He wrote so good a book as his first one. 他写了一本和他的处女作一样好的书。

全析提示
so 当副词用通常置于所修 饰的形容词、副词之前。修 饰 a + adj. + n. 时,排列 顺序为 so + adj. + a + n.。

Integrating skills
1.You wanted justice, so you shall get justice, more than you wanted. 你想要公正,你就会得到公正,甚至比你想要的还多。 (1)justice [U] 公正;正当。例如: a sense of justice 正义感 The justice of our cause is clear to everyone. 每个人都明白我们的主张是正当的。 (2)shall 和第二人称连用,在陈述句中表示命令、允诺、威 胁、决心等语气。例如: You shall get the book tomorrow . 你明天就可以拿这本书了。 The enemy shall be wiped out. 敌人一定会被消灭。 I shall never do such a thing, never! 这种事我绝对不干,决不! 2.Therefore, go down on your knees and beg the Duke for mercy. 因此,你赶快跪下求公爵开恩吧。 go/fall down on one’s knees (为了祈祷、服从)下跪。例如: He went down on his knees to beg a chance to him . 他下跪请求给他一次机会。 3.Please forgive me for all I’ve said and done . 请原谅我的所作所为。 forgive vt. & vi. 宽恕,原谅,饶恕。例如: If you apologize, the teacher may forgive your being late. 如果你道歉,老师可能会原谅你的迟到。 He forgives me for losing his notebook. 他原谅我遗失他的笔记本。 4.My money and goods are as dear to me as life itself. 我的钱和财产对我就像生命一样宝贵。 dear adj. 贵重的;高贵的,昂贵的。例如: She lost everything that was dear to her . 她失去了她所珍视的一切。

思维拓展
bring a person to justice 处罚某人 do justice to 公平对待

思维拓展
shall 和第一、三人称连用, 在疑问句中表示征求意见 或许可。如: Shall I/he come in? 我/他可以进来吗?

思维拓展
bend one’s knees 屈膝 bend the knee to sb. 屈服于某人

思维拓展
forgive 的变化: forgave, forgiven forgiveness [U] 宽恕 forgiving adj. 宽大的

思维拓展
dear 亲爱的;可爱的 What a dear little girl! 多可爱的小女孩啊!

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Everything is dearer this year . 今年所有的东西都贵。

Grammar
直接引语和间接引语 在高一上学期我们已经学过直接引语变间接引语,本单元重 点讲如何由间接引语——宾语从句变直接引语。 1.要注意下列变化: (1)人称的变化。例如: He said that I hadn’t told him about it. →He said, “You didn’t tell me about it.” (2)时态的变化。 如果主句谓语动词为各种现在时或一般将来时,直接引语的 动词保持原来宾语从句的时态。如果主句谓语动词为过去时,宾 语从句改为直接引语时,动词时态变化如表: 宾语从句 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时 定,不可机械照搬。 2.由宾语从句变直接引语,分以下几种情况: ①宾语从句是陈述句。例如: She said that she would go there that afternoon . 她说那天下午她将到那里去。 →She said, “I will come here this afternoon.” 她说: “今天下午我将到这里。 ” He said that his father had been there three days before, but he was not there then. 他说他父亲三天前曾在那里,但那时已不在那里了。 ” →He said, “My father was here three days ago, but he is not here now .” 他说: “我父亲三天前曾在这里,但现在不在这里了。 ” ②宾语从句是疑问句。例如: She asked/wondered what time it was . →“What time is it now?” she said. He asked (me) if I wanted to go there again . →He said, “Do you want to come here again?” The teacher asked what my name was . →“What’s your name? ”the teacher asked. ③宾语从句含有 warn, order, suggest, tell 等词时,改为祈使
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要点提炼
在口语和非正式文件中, that 常省略。在短句子中, that 没必要。 It’s a pity you’re leaving.

全析提示
如果宾语从句中有过去时 间状语,改为直接引语,一 般过去时不变。例如: He told me that he was born in 1973. →He said to me, “I was born in 1973.”

直接引语 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时 一般将来时

以上这些变化,要根据说话的具体时间和具体地点的情况而

全析提示
如果宾语从句中含有 since, when, while 引导的表示过 去时间的状语从句, 改为直 接引语, 只改变主句中的谓 语动词, 从句中的一般过去 时不变。例如: He told me that he had taught English since he came here. → He said to me, “I have taught English since I came here.”

全析提示
有的句子并非提出疑问, 而 是表示请求、建议、劝告等 意 义 , 常 常 用 “ ask/advise/want+宾语+ 不 定式”或“suggest+动名词” 表示。改为直接引语时,应 用请求语气。例如: The little girl asked her

句。例如: The nurse warned/ordered the children not to go near the water. →“Don’t go near the water, children, ”said the nurse. He suggested that we (should) help Mary with her lessons . →He said, “Let’s help Mary with her lessons .” ④宾语从句根据情况可以改成感叹句。例如: She said that it was a lovely day. →She said, “What a lovely day it is! ” mother to buy her some cakes . →“Would you buy me some cakes, Mum? ”the little girl asked.

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