倒装是一种语法手段。 在英语中，主语和谓语的语序通常是主语在前，谓语在后。但有时谓语的全部或一部分却提到 主语的前面，这种语序叫做倒装。倒装的原因，一是语法结构的需要，一是为了强调。 强调句为了使句子的某一个成分受到强调，改变句子结构。 高考重点要求： 1、 掌握部分倒装，全部倒装的句型及倒装形式 2、 掌握倒装句的都中使用方式
一 、 强 调 句 为了突出某一部分重要信息，常常借用语法中的变换句子的正常语序，将某个成分置于句首或 句末，或者通过词汇手段突出句子的某个成分。 1. it 为先行词的强调结构 It was Li Ping who told me the news. (强调人时才能用 who) It was in the park that I met him. (强调地点不能用 where，只能用 that) It was yesterday that I saw him off at the airport. (强调时间不能用 when，只能用 that) 2. 助动词 do 的强调作用 在行为动词作谓语的句子中，常用“助动词 do 或 did” + 谓语“动词原形”表示强调语气。 例如：She did go to see him yesterday. We do have four lessons in the morning. 二 、 倒 装 句 句子的排列顺序，通常是主语在前，谓语在后。倒装语序，谓语在前，主语在后。陈述句一般 都是自然语序，一般疑问句都是倒装语序。 例如：He speaks English.(陈述句，自然语序) Does he speak English?(疑问句倒装语序) 倒装语序： 全部倒装，整个谓语放在主语之前。 部分倒装，谓语中需要强调的是一部分放在主语之前，其他部分仍放在主语之后。 倒装语序的作用，着重强调部分放在句首，引人注目。变化句子，使句子生动活泼。 例如：The bus comes home.(自然语序) Here comes the bus.(倒装语序) 倒装句除疑问句及“there + be “句之外，陈述句为了强调谓语或谓语某个部分也常可用倒装 句，另外 so,neither,no 等词经常用于对话简略答语的句首，用倒装语序避免重复。
一 、 复 习 时 需 注 意 的 要 点 1. 全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词，如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。 例如：Here he comes. Away they went. 当 so 引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时，不可用倒装 结 构 。 意 为 " 的 确 如 此 "。 例如：Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did. —It's raining hard. —So it is.
2、only 在句首要倒装的情况 例如：Only in this way, can you learn English well. Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting. 如果句子为主从复合句，则主句倒装，从句不倒装 Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed. 3、在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有 were, had, should 等词，可将 if 省略，把 were, had, should 移到主语之前，采取部分倒装。 例如：Were I you, I would try it again. 4、只有当 Not only…but also 连接两个分句时，才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的 Not only…but also 仅连接两个并列词语，不可用倒装结构。 例如：Not only you but also I am fond of music. 二 、 历 届 高 考 试 题 分 析 例 1、The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once ________with each other. A. they had quarrelled B. they have quarrelled C. have they quarrelled D. had they quarreled 答案选 C。 【解析】 考部分主谓倒装。否定句(如该句中的 never)在句首时，应用部分主谓倒装。这类副词 有：never ,hardly ,seldom ,scarcely，little 等。这句话的意思是：那对老夫妇结婚已经四十年了， 连一次架也没吵过。 例 2、Never before ____ in greater need of modern public transport than it is today. A. has this city been B. this city has been C. was this city D. this city was 答案：A 【解析】 表示否定含义的副词 never 放句首用部分倒装。 例 3、Only in this way_________ to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope 答案为 C。 【解析】 在含有 only+状语的句子中， 谓语动词要进行倒装。 这句话的意思是： 只有用这种方法， 才能改善操作系统。 例 4、I feel it is your husband who _______ for the spoiled child. A. is to blame B. is going to blame C. is to be blamed D. should blame 答案为 A。 【解析】 be to blame 是固定短语， 意思是“该受责备”。 这是一个强调句， 强调主语 your husband。 这句话的意思是：我感觉惯坏孩子该怨你的丈夫。一些考生只注意到 blame 是及物动词，误选了 is to be blamed,这表示将要发生的事，与语义不符。 例 5、—You forgot your purse when you went out. —Good heavens, _______. A. so did I B. so I did C.I did so D.I so did 答案为 B。 【解析】 “so+正装句”的意思是“是的”，表示同意别人所说的话。所提供的情境 Good heaven 说 明自己确实在出门时忘了带钱包， 所以回答说：“so I did.”。so I did 的意思是“我确实忘了带钱包。” 注意区别 so I did, so did I, I did so。例：① “He sang this song just now.”—“So did I.”(我也是)② The doctor told me to breathe deeply.“I did so”.(我照着医生的吩咐做了深呼吸)③ “You forget to post the letter for me.”—“So I did.”(我的确忘了邮信了)。
例 6、Not only ________interested in football but ________ beginning to show an interest in it. A. the teacher himself is…all his students are B. the teacher himself is…are all his students C. is the teacher himself…are all his students D. is the teacher himself…all his students are 答案为 D。 【解析】 Not only… but…引导的句子前一部分要用倒装。这句话的意思是：不仅老师对足球感 兴趣，学生们也开始对足球感兴趣了。 例 7、So difficult ________it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English well. A. I have felt B. have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel 答案为 D。 【解析】 以“so+形容词”开头的句子要倒装。此句变为不倒装句为： I felt it so difficult to live in an English country that I determined to learn English well.这句话的意思是：在一个说英语的国家里生 活那么困难，我决定学习英语。 例 8、_______can you expect to get a pay rise. A. With hard work B. Although work hard C. Only with hard work D. Now that he works hard 答案为 C。 【解析】 Only+介词短语(副词、状语从句)+部分倒装。 例 9、Only when the war was over ________to his hometown. A. did the young soldier return B. the young soldier returned C. returned the young soldier D. the young soldier did return 答案为 A。 【解析】 only+状语或状语从句作状语时主句要进行倒装。本句是 only+时间状语从句，所以后 接的主句要倒装。这句话的意思是：直到战争结束后，这个年轻的战士才得以返回故乡。 例 10、An awful accident ________, however, occur the other day. A. does B. did C. has to D. had to 答案为 B。 【解析】 这是一个对谓语强调的句子。时间状语 the other day 表示过去，所以要用一般过去时。 由于在主语和谓语中间插入了 however，增加了试题的难度。注意：对谓语强调句子必须用于肯 定句的一般时中，在谓语动词前加 did, does 或 do。
Direction: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer that completes the sentence. 1. Here you want to see. A. comes the comrade B. comes a comrade C. the comrade comes D. is coming a comrade 2. Now your turn to keep guard. A. there is B. is going C. comes D. has come 3. Spring begins in March, then .
A. April and May come B. April is coming C. come April and May D. is April coming 4. He has finished his work, . A. I have finished so B. so finished I C. so can I D. so have I 5. He can hardly drive a car, . A. so can’t I B. can’t I either C. I can’t too D. neither can I 6. than they started to work. A. No sooner they had got to the plant B. No sooner did they get to the plant C. No sooner had they got to the plant D. As soon as they got to the plant 7. Not until Mr. Smith came to China what kind of a country she is. A. did he know B. he knew C. he didn’t know D. he could know 8. Across the river . A. lies a new built bridge B. lies a newly built bridge C. a new built bridge lies D. a newly built bridge lies 9. So fast that it’s difficult for us to imagine its speed. A. light travels B. travels the light C. do light travels D. does light travel 10. Not only the data fed into it, but it can also analyse them. A. can the computer memorize B. the computer can memorize C. do the computer memorize D. can memorize the computer 11. talk about the importance of English study. A. Little need I B. Little I need C. Little did I need D. Little I needed 12. ill-mannered, the laziest and most irresponsible creature you could ever hope to meet. A. Not only is he … but he is also B. Not only is he … but also is he C. Not only he is … but also is he D. Not only be he … but also he be 13. got outside than it began to rain. A. Not sooner I had B. No sooner had I C. No sooner I D. I no sooner had got 14. did Anne realize that there was danger. A. On entering the store B. After he had entered the store C. Only after entering the store D. As soon as he entered the store 15. Very seldom that two clocks or watches exactly agree. A. you find B. you will find C. you do find D. do you find 16. You think everything will be all right in time. . A. So I do B. So I think C. Nor do I D. So do I 17. Little that John would become a famous writer. A. we thought B. we think C. did we think D. we think of 18. My brother had a bad cold last week, . A. so had I B. so I had C. so did I D. so I did 19. Not only to New York but also there for a time. A. has he been … he worked B. has he been … did he work C. he has been … did he work D. he has gone … did he work 20. Not only a writer but also here.
A. a doctor were wanted B. were a doctor wanted C. a doctor was wanted D. was a doctor wanted 21. It was how the young man had learned five foreign languages attracted the audience’s interest. A. so that B. what C. in which D. that 22. Neither read, nor to write. A. can he … can he B. can he … he can C. he can…. Can he D. he can … he can 23. Not Until the work to bed. A. did he finish … he went B. he finished … he went C. he finished … did he go D. he finished … had he gone 24. It was a year ago I first met him here. A. which B. that C. in which D. when 25. Who is it is waiting outside the room? A. who B. whom C. which D. that 26. It was not until 11 o’clock the experiment. A. did he finish B. that he finished C. when they finished D. that did he finish 27. Barely had they seated themselves hurriedly in the theatre _____ the curtain went up. A. than B. when C. as soon as D. before 28. I’d rather stay at home than go to see a film, . A. neither had he B. neither would he C. so had he D. so would he 29. Often the girl sing in her room. A. hears he B. he hears C. does he hear D. does hears he 30. On the top of the hill where I once visited the monk. A. a temple stands B. does a temple stand C. a temple stands there D. stands a temple 31. Was it because he was ill he asked for leave? A. and B. that C. that’s D. so 32. Is it in that factory this kind of cat is made? A. in which B. where C. that D. which 33. Not a single song at yesterday’s party. A. she sang B. sang she C. did she sing D. she did sing 34. Not only _____ their money, but they were also in danger of losing their lives. A. lost they B. they lost C. did they lose D. they did lose 35. Barely time to catch the bus. A. did he has B. he has C. has he D. did he have 36. On the stairs in red. A. a small dark-haired girl was sitting B. was sitting a small dark-haired girl C. sitting a small dark-haired girl was D. was a small dark-haired girl sitting 37. “May I use your calculator”
“ .” A. Here is it B. Here are you C. Here the calculator is D. Here you are 38. hot is the sun that we cannot go out at present. A. Very B. Too C. So D. Such 39. do I get invited into his office. A. Only B. Rarely C. Not only D. Never before 40. A few miles further on . A. the city lies of Springfield B. does the city of Springfield lie C. lies the city of Springfield D. where lies the city of Springfield 41. Which sentence is right? A. Do the great Chinese people live long ! B. Long live the great Chinese people ! C. Long will the great Chinese people live ! D. Long live for the great Chinese people ! 42. Which sentence is right. A. May you succeed ! B. You may succeed! C. Succeed may you ! D. Succeed you may! 43. Very important in the farmers’ life . A. the radio weather report is B. the radio weather report has been C. is the radio weather report D. have been the radio weather report 44. His parents are always strict with him . Only after his homework to go out and play with his friends. A. he has finished , was he allows B. he has finished , he is allowed C. he had finished , was he allowed D. he finished , is he allowed 45. Only in this way expect to get over so many difficulties . A. we are sure to B. can we C. that we can D. that can we 46. Was it during the Second World War _____ his family all died? A. that B. then C. when D. in which 47. I really don’t know _____ it was that answered the phone this morning. A. why B. who C. how D. whether 48. It was ten years ____ he returned to his hometown and set out to revenge his dead father. A. since B. that C. before D. when 49.Beneath our feet _____ that our life depends on for food and clothing. A. the earth lay B. the earth lies C. lies the earth D. does the earth lie 50. He’ll never succeed , hard he tires. A. whatever B. despite C. though D. however 强调句和倒装句答案： 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. 11. A 12. A 13. B 14. 21. D 22. A 23. C 24. 31. B 32. C 33. C 34. 41. B 42. A 43. C 44.
D 5. C 15. B 25. C 35. D 45.
D 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. D 10. A D 16. D 17. C 18. C 19. A 20. C D 26. B 27. B 28. D 29. C 30. D D 36. B 37. D 38. C 39. B 40. C B 46. A 47. B 48. C 49. C 50. D
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