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牛津高中英语 模块7 Unit 1 生词讲解


Unit 1 Living with Technology New words and Phrases 1. review vt. / n. 首先来看动词的用法 E. g. review one’s lessons review the situation/the evidence review one’s failures review the film/the play 再来看看作为名词怎么用 这是对上个星期的回顾。 This is a review of the previous week. 最近发表了一篇关于癌症的研究综述报告。 A review of cancer research has been published recently 相关链接:reviewer The government ______ the education policy and has made improvements.(A) A. reviewed C. commented 2. altogether adv. (1). You owe me $50 ~. (2). I don’t ~ agree with you. in all completely B. checked D. collected go over 重温 复查,重新审查 回顾,反思 评论,评价

(3). The food was good, and we loved the atmosphere. ~, it was a great evening. in a word

3. superior adj./n. (1). adj. 更好的,占优势的,更胜一筹 ~ intelligence/strength/knowledge (2). adj. 上级的 a ~ court of law (3). n. 上级,地位较高的人 He is my immediate ~.

In general, food made by hand is superior ___ that made by machines ___ taste.(D) A. than; in C. in; to B. than; to D. to; in

be inferior to 较差,次要 be senior to 比……年长 be junior to 比……年幼 4. uncertain It is certain/uncertain that … ……(不)确定 be uncertain about/of… 对……没把握 5. come onto the market to appear or to be sold in the market 面世之后,很快就在年轻人中流行起来。 这款新的 MP4 面世之后,很快就在年轻人中流行起来。 After this new type of MP4 player came onto the market, it soon became popular among young people. 6. wind ( wound, wound) sail against the wind n. 风 v. 1. 蜿蜒, 曲折而行 e.g. The snake wound its way to the hole.

v. 2. 卷缠,缠绕,绕成团 wind the wool into a ball wind up 1. 给…上发条 He forgot to wind (up) his watch.

2. 结束 Before I wind up, there are two more things to say. wind down (钟表)慢下来,停住; (人)松弛下来

This year has been too busy for me; I need a holiday A. winding up B. to wind up C. winding down .

. D. to wind down

The wind is too strong; please wind the window A. down B. in C. up D. back 7. electric/ electrical/ electronic 我的弟弟是个电气工程师。 My brother is a electric engineer. My brother is a electrical engineer. (正确) electric

produced , worked by electricity“电的,用电的,带电的”,指任何电 electric light, electric bell

动的或发电的装置

electrical related to electricity “电的,与电有关的,电气科学的”,指与电有 关的事物,被修饰的词本身并不能带电 8. apply apply… to… 把……用于

apply oneself / one’s mind to sth. 专心于某事 apply to sb. for sth. (向…) 申请,请求 If you ______ yourself to the job in hand, you’ll soon finish it. (B) A. request B. apply C. demand D. supply

The 30% discount only applies ___ VIP. (B) A. for B. to C. with D. at

9. demand “要求”用法 要求” demand 是重点词汇,也是高考考查的热点之一。现将其用法归纳如下:

一、demand 作动词用 1. demand + 名词或代词 Fishing is a job that demands great patience. 2. demand + 动词不定式 She demanded to be told everything about it. 她要求知道事情的整个经过。 3. demand +从句 demand 后接宾语从句时,从句谓语一般要用虚拟语气,即"should + 动词原 形";其被动语态为 "should + be +动词过去分词",其中 should 可以省略。例如: All the settlers nearby demanded that the nightclub (should) be moved away as soon as possible. 二、demand 作名词用 n. 需要,需求 meet/satisfy one’s demand for sth make demands on/of in demand 有需要,有需求 1. The key to customers. A. solve; meet; made C. solve; met; make B. solving; meet; made D. solving; meeting; made for another week. the problem is to the demands by the 对…提出要求

2. It is demanded that the play

A. runs B. will run C. run D. shall run 3.Good workers are always A. in B. on C. by D. for demand in the factory.

4. The workers demanded

immediately.

A. being replied B. replying C. to be replied D. to reply 10. spring vi. (sprang sprung ) 跳,跳跃,弹起 归纳拓展 spring to life 突然活跃起来 spring back 弹回到原来的位置 spring sth on sb 向某人突然说出某事 spring up 突然出现,涌现,迅猛发展


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