（考试时间 120 分钟 满分 150 分）
第 I 卷 （共 103 分）
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to m
ake the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Last August Susan and forty-two other students got wet and dirty while removing six tons of garbage (25)_____ the river running across their city. (26)_____ cleaned up the river as part of a weeklong environmental camp. Like one in three American rivers, this river is so polluted that it’s unsafe for swimming or fishing. Still, Susan, (27)_____ has just completed her third summer camp on the river cleanup, sees a change in this river. ―Since we started three years ago, the river is getting a lot (28)_____(clean),‖ she says. Environmental scientists praise the teenagers for removing garbage (29)_____ can harm wild life. Water birds, for example, can die of plastic bottle rings and get cut by tiny metals. Three years ago, when the cleanup started, garbage was everywhere. But this year the teenagers can row their boats fast. By the end of the six-hour cleanup, they (30)_____(remove) enough garbage to fill more than two large trucks. ―(31)_____(see) all that garbage in the river makes people begin to care about environmental issues,‖ Susan says. She hopes that when others read that, she and her peers care enough (32)_____(clean) it up, maybe they would think twice before they throw garbage into the river (B) Dave Fuss lost his job (33)_____(drive) a truck for a small company in west Michigan. His wife, Gerrie, was still working in the local school cafeteria, and the price of everything was rising. The Fusses were at risk of joining the millions of Americans who have lost their homes in recent years. Then Dave and Gerrie received a timely gift---$7,000，a legacy (遗产) from their neighbors Ish and Arlene Hatch, who died in (34)_____ accident. ―It really made a difference (35)_____ we were going under financially.‖ says Dave. But the Fusses weren’t the only folks in Alto and the neighboring town of Lowell to receive unexpected legacy from the Hatches. Dozens of other families (36)_____(touch) by the Hatches’ generosity. In some cases, it was a few thousand dollars; in others, it was more than $100,000. It surprised nearly everyone that the Hatches had so much money, more than $ 3million—they were an elderly couple who lived in an old house on (37)_____ was left of the family farm. (38)_____ _____ the financial crisis, Ish and Arlene developed the habit of saving. They were fond of comparison shopping and would routinely go from store to store, (39)_____(check) prices before making a new purchase. Through the years, the Hatches paid for local children to attend summer camp when their parents (40)_____ not afford it. ―Ish and Arlene never asked whether you needed anything,‖ says their friend Sand Van Weelden, ―They could see the things they could do to make you happier, and
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they would do them.‖ Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. cultivation F. lightning K. consequence Modern inventions have speeded up people’s loves amazingly. Motor-cars cover a hundred miles in little more than an hour, __41__ cross the world inside a day, while computers operate at __42__ speed. Indeed, this love of speed seems never-ending. Every year motor-cars are produced which go even faster and each new computer boasts of saving __43__ seconds in handling tasks. All this saves time, but at a price. When we lose or gain half a day in speeding across the world in an airplane, our bodies tell us so. We get the __44__ feeling known as jet-lag; our bodies feel that they have been left behind on another time zone. Again, spending too long at computers results in painful wrists and fingers. Mobile phones also have their dangers, according to some scientists; too much use may send harmful radiation into our brains, a __45__ we do not like to think about. However, what do we do with the time we have saved? Certainly not relax, or so it seems. We are so accustomed to __46__ activities that we find it difficult to sit and do nothing or even just one thing at a time. Perhaps the days are long gone when we might listen quietly to a story on the radio, letting imagination take us into another world. There was a time when some people’s lives were devoted simply to the __47__ of the land or the care of cattle. No multi-tasking there; their lives went on at a much gentler pace, and in a familiar pattern. There is much that we might __48__ a way of life like this. Yet before we do so, we must think of the hard tasks our ancestor faced: they __49__ with bare hands, often lived close to hunger, and had to fashion tools from wood and stone. Modern __50__ has freed people from that primitive (原古的) existence. B. farmed G. envy C. constant H. precious D. machinery I. uncomfortable E. plunged J. aircrafts
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A It’s believed that intelligent people are better at learning languages. Most language learning skills, __51__, are habits, which can be formed through a bit of discipline and self-awareness. But, some of them are not good enough. Here are the three most common __52__ language learners make and how to correct them. Not listening enough
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There’s a school of language-teaching experts that believe language learning __53__ a ―silent period‖. Just as babies learn to produce language by hearing and parroting sounds, language learners need to practise listening in order to learn. This can develop learned vocabulary and structures, and help learners see patterns in language. Listening is the communicative skill we use most in daily life, but it can be __54__ to practise unless you live in a foreign country or attend language classes. The solution? Find music, podcasts, TV shows and movies in the __55__ language, and listen, listen, listen, as often as possible. A single method Some learners are most comfortable with the listen-and-repeat drills of a language lab. Some need a grammar textbook to __56__ a foreign tongue. Each of these approaches is fine, but it’s a mistake to rely on only one. Language learners who use __57__ methods get to practise different skills and see concepts explained in different ways. What’s more, the __58__ can keep them from working in a situation that never changes. When choosing a class, learners should seek a course that __59__ the four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking). For self-study, try a __60__ of textbooks, audio lessons, and language learning apps. __61__ It doesn’t matter how well a person can write in foreign script, or finish a vocabulary test. To learn, improve, and truly use our language, we need to speak. This is the stage when language students should calm down, and feelings of __62__ or insecurity hinder (阻碍) all their hard work. In Eastern cultures where saving face is a strong social value, EFL teachers often complain that students, despite years of studying English, simply will not speak it. They’re too __63__ making mistakes of the grammar or mispronouncing words in a way that would __64__ them. The key is that those mistakes help language learners by showing them the limits of language, and correcting errors __65__ they become deep-rooted. The more learners speak and practise, the more quickly they improve. 51. A. however 52. A. successes 53. A. picks up 54. A. efficient 55. A. national 56. A. make sense of 57. A. common 58. A. variety 59. A. postpones 60. A. selection 61. A. Complaints 62. A. humor 63. A. confident in B. moreover B. wonders B. begins with B. difficult B. official B. make use of B. educational B. change B. lacks B. preference B. Fear B. shyness B. comfortable with C. furthermore C. mistakes C. takes up C. easy C. sign C. make profit of C. permanent C. improvement C. assesses C. combination C. Secure C. achievements C. keen on D. therefore D. contributions D. meets with D. ideal D. target D. make fun of D. multiple D. alternative D. practises D. replacement D. Diligence D. laughter D. afraid of
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64. A. amuse 65. A. if
B. inform B. before
C. remind C. in case
D. embarrass D. so that
Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Miscioscio, 60, a marketing consultant in Meier, 43, a marketing director in Beaver Pearl River, N.Y., says she's addicted to her Falls, prefers her books on paper, not screens. Sony e-reader. She buys or borrows a print After working on a computer all day, she says, book only when it's not available digitally. ―I want a book in my hand. Turning over its Miscioscio says most of her friends and pages is my way of knowing it's time to relax relatives have also switched to e-books for the and slow down.‖ Meier, who's sticking with convenience and lower prices. Last winter, she physical books, doesn't consider herself any notes, she vacationed in Costa Rica and says kind of digital ―resister.‖ ―I'm comfortable ―at least 75% of those reading were reading with all forms of technology,‖ she says. electronically. I was shocked to see people ―However, when it comes to books, I suppose I'm a traditionalist. My preference will always taking their e-readers onto the loungers (躺椅) in the pool.‖ be the real thing.‖ To her, part of the joy of reading is the book itself: ―pulling it from the shelf, inspecting the cover, letting it fall open to a random page.‖ Both have lots of company. Statistics show that e-book sales grew 43% last year, but that's a slowdown compared with the triple-digit increases in recent years. E-books remain the fastest-growing part of the book market but account for only about 20% of all sales, reported by publishers. Miscioscio and Meier are at opposite ends of a book business in transition. Even though e-book sales have grown more than 4,000% since 2008, it's unlikely that physical books will disappear the way records did in the music industry. 66. Miscioscio will ______ when a book is not available digitally. A. buy the book on paper C. take an e-reader onto the loungers A. an e-book B. part of joy B. switch to the book of lower price D. give up reading such kind of books C. a random page D. a physical book
67. According to Meier, her ―preference‖ refers to ______. 68. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Records are unlikely to disappear in the music industry. B. Miscioscio and Meier are two opponents in book business. C. Physical books will remain to be accepted to some people. D. The market share of e-books is bigger than that of paper books.
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69. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. E-books will dominate the book industry eventually. B. Readers go their own way in choosing books. C. New technology brings more benefits for readers. D. Physical books will disappear gradually in the future. (B)
Welcome you to GRAND CANYON WEST with Meal
25/12/2013 NON REFUNDABLE – ALL SALES ARE FINAL Grand Canyon West (GCW) (美国西部大峡谷) is owned by the Hualapai Tribe (Tribe) and operated by Hwal Bay Baj Enterprises, Inc, dba Grand Canyon Resort Corporation (GCRC). You assume all risk and danger that happens in your visit. Directors, officers and employees are not responsible for any injuries, damages and liabilities, theft, or loss of any kind. Upon entering onto the Tribe’s land and the Colorado River, you have agreed to obey all the laws and customs, and waived (放弃) all claims arising from the use of this ticket or your visit. Dated tickets are officially acceptable only on the date(s) printed above. This ticket is non-refundable. You will not use any photographs (including film, still, video or otherwise) of the Tribe’s land (including the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, and Skywalk), directly or indirectly, for profit (including in any advertisement, news or publication), without first obtaining the necessary written approvals and permits. Management reserves all rights.
Get your FREE visitation certificate in the Terminal Gift Shop
70. Where is the passage probably taken from? A. A visiting ticket. C. A geography book. B. A promotion advertisement. D. A science fiction film.
71. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. You can get the money back if you give up the trip. B. You needn’t pay money for your meal that day. C. Officers from GCRC will bear responsibility if you get hurt. D. You are sure to be familiar with all the laws and customs there. 72. The word ―liabilities‖ can be understood as ―_______‖. A.traditional customs C. trouble makers B. the amounts of debt D. legal responsibilities
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73. The photographs taken in Grand Canyon West can be used if ________. A. you advertise them for a company indirectly B. they are not for business and obtain formal approvals C. you pay for the rights to the local government D. they are used for the latest publication (C) Moocs (massive open online courses) are free, but without tutoring, and are open to anyone, anywhere in the world. The courses are flexible – normally three to five hours of study week – done at any time, short (5 to 10 weeks) and video-rich. They are also heavily dependent on crowd sourcing: you can discuss a course with fellow students through online forums, discussion boards and peer review. Students don't have to finish the courses, pass assessments or do assignments, but, if they do, they get a certification of participation. The Open University launched FutureLearn, the UK's answer to US platforms such as Coursera, EdX and Udacity, which have been offering Moocs from top US universities for the past two years. The response has been incredible, with more than three million people registering worldwide. Meanwhile, in 2012, Edinburgh University became the first non-US institution to join Coursera's partnership, comprising 13 universities. ―We already run 50 online master's degrees, so this was a logical expansion,‖ says Professor Jeff Haywood, Edinburgh's vice-principal. ―It's an investment in teaching methods research. How am I going to teach introductory philosophy to 100,000 people? That's what I call educational R&D.‖ He adds ―If you look ahead 10 years, you'd expect all students graduating to have taken some online courses, so you've got to research that. Our Moocs are no more in competition with our degrees than a lifelong learning course because they don't carry credits.‖ Cooperation is key, Haywood stresses. It is far better to offer 20-30 courses in your own areas of expertise(专门技能) and let other institutions do likewise. Professor Mike Sharples, FutureLearn's academic lead, goes further: ―We've tied the elements available before into a package of courses offered by leading universities worldwide on a new software platform, with a new way of promoting it and also a new social-learning teaching method. You won't just receive an exam, but be able to discuss and mark each other's assignments.‖ Bath University, one of more than 20 universities working with FutureLearn, launches its first course, Inside Cancer, next January, and regards Moocs as a way of breaking down age barriers. "There's no reason why someone doing GCSEs should not look at our Moocs and get quite a way through them, or someone at PhD level and beyond," says Professor Bernie Morley, expert for learning and teaching. 74. Moocs have these features EXCEPT that_______. A. Moocs are free of charge for anyone B. Moocs can be adjusted according to people’s learning pace
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C. Moocs provide teachers’ instructions if you have some difficulty D. Moocs have a platform for learns to share their learning experience 75. The response to FutureLearn has been thought to be unbelievable because ______. A. all the courses on the platform are available to anyone in the world B. Edinburgh University became the first non-US institution to join it C. the number of people registering in the platform is beyond expectation D. students can get a certification of participation without passing assessments 76. What can be inferred from Professor Bernie Morley in the last paragraph? A. People with various learning levels will probably show interest in Moocs. B. People at PhD level have already known everything about Moocs. C. Inside Cancer will be the most popular course for someone doing GCSEs. D. Moocs are not so competitive as lifelong learning courses due to the problems of credits. 77. The passage mainly deals with _____. A. the various opinions on FutureLearn B. the advantages of online teaching methods C. the popularity of no-credit courses D. the emergence of a new learning platform Section C Being a social butterfly just might change your brain: In people with a large network of friends and excellent social skills, certain brain regions are bigger and better connected than in people with fewer friends, a new study finds. The research suggests a connection between social interactions and brain structure. ―We're interested in how your brain is able to allow you to find the right way in complex social environments,‖ MaryAnn Noonan said, a neuroscientist (神经学家) at Oxford University. Studies in monkeys have shown that brain areas involved in face processing and in predicting the intentions of others are larger in animals living in large social groups than in ones living in smaller groups. To investigate these brain differences in humans, Noonan and her colleagues found 18 participants for a structural brain-imaging study. They asked people how many social interactions they had experienced in the past month, in order to determine the size of their social networks. As was the case in monkeys, some brain areas were enlarged and better connected in people with larger social networks. ―These different brain regions are all singing different songs,‖ Noonan said. ―Networked areas are all singing the same song, and when they're connected better, they're singing more harmoniously with each other.‖ The researchers also tested whether the size of a person's social network was linked with changes in white-matter pathways, the nerve fibers(纤维) that connect different brain regions.
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Again, they found that white-matter pathways were better connected in people with bigger social networks. "The nerves were more like a Los Angeles freeway than a country road," Noonan said. The researchers couldn't say whether social interaction caused these changes in brain structure and connectivity, or whether the brain determined how social someone was. In the case of the monkeys, the researchers asked and wrote down the size of the animals' social network, so they concluded that social-group size was causing the brain differences. It can be inferred that a similar process takes place in human brains, but to prove this, long-term studies are needed, Noonan told LiveScience.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
78. The certain brain regions in people with fewer friends are ______. 79. According to Noonan, the certain brain areas whose functions are to _________ are larger in more-sociable monkeys. 80. How did Noonan and her colleagues know about the size of participants’ social networks? 81. According to the researcher’s findings, what would make the brains of monkeys different?
第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
Directions: brackets. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 孩子们总是对周边的一切都非常好奇。(curious) 她在比赛中表现出色，给评委留下了深刻的印象。(which) 一进学校，她就意外得知有一所名校录取她了。(No sooner…) 奇怪的是，这些年轻人对这些我们都耳熟能详的歌曲却一无所知。(know) 为了纪念这位伟大的宇航员，据说明年将会开拍一部电影让人们了解他的事迹。 (memory) Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the
有的校园活动让你兴奋不已， 有的校园活动让你感到枯燥乏味。 请描述你参与过的一次 校园活动，并简单谈谈你对该活动的看法。 ? 请具体描述一次你参与过的校园活动并谈谈你对此次校园活动的看法或它对你的
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1. D 11. C
2. A 12. C
3. B 13. D
4. C 14. C 22. John
5. D 15. A
6. D 16. C 19. entire 23. No
17. Downtown 21. 25 minutes 25. from 30. had removed 35. when 39. checking 41. J 51. A 61. B 66. A 70. A 74. C 42. F 52. C 62. B 67. D 71. B 75. C 26. They
20. conference 24. Mother and son 28. cleaner 33. driving 29. that/ which 34. an
27. who 32. to clean 37. what 46. C 56. A 47. A
31. Seeing 36. were touched 40. could 43. H 53. B 63. D 68. C 72. D 76. A 44. I 54. B 64. D 69. B 73. B 77. D
38. Because of/ Owing to/ Due to 48. G 58. A 49. B 59. D 50 D 60. C
45. K 55. D 65. B
78. smaller and worse connected 79. process faces and predict the intentions of others 80. By asking how many social interactions (they had experienced). 81.Social-group size.
1、孩子们总是对周边的一切都非常好奇。(curious) Kids are always very curious about what is around them. 或：all the things around them; quite curious about 评分标准，满分 4 分： 1. kids 前误添 the，扣 0.5 分 2. 漏翻 always 或 very 均扣 0.5 分 3. be curious about 错误扣 1 分 4. 错误使用时态，没有使用一般现在时扣 1 分 2、她在比赛中表现出色，给评委留下了深刻的印象。(which) She performed excellently in the contest, which left a deep impression on the judges. 或：did well/ excellently; in the competition; impressed the judges deeply 评分标准，满分 4 分： 1. 错误使用时态扣 1 分 2. 动词结构 perform excellently, leave sb. a deep impression 均 1 分 3. 没有使用 which 引导的非限制性定于从句，扣 1 分 4. 错误翻译 in the contest 或 the judges 均扣 0.5 分
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3、一进学校，她就意外得知有一所名校录取她了。(No sooner…) No sooner had she come into/ entered school than she unexpectedly knew/ learned that she was admitted into a key school/ a famous university. 评分标准，满分 4 分： 1. 倒装结构使用错误扣 1 分 2. 时态错误扣 1 分 3. 动词结构 come into school, unexpectedly know/ learn that…, be admitted into 均 0.5 分 4. 名词词组 a key school/ a famous university 0.5 分 4、奇怪的是，这些年轻人对这些我们都耳熟能详的歌曲却一无所知。(know) Strangely enough,/ It’s strange that these/ the teenagers know nothing about the song(s) which/ that are familiar to us/ we are familiar with. 评分标准，满分 5 分： 1. 句型 Strangely enough 或 It’s strange that…1 分 2. 一般现在时、一般过去时均可，时态错误扣 1 分 3. 动词结构 know nothing about 1 分 4. 形容词词组 be familiar with sth/ be familiar to sb 1 分 5. 名词 the teenagers 或 the song(s)均 0.5 分 5、 为了纪念这位伟大的宇航员， 据说明年将会开拍一部电影让人们了解他的事迹。 (memory) In memory of the great astronaut, it’s said that next year a film will be shot/ made/ produced to help/ let people know about his life. 评分标准，满分 5 分： 1. in memory of 结构 1 分 2. 句型结构 it’s said that…0.5 分 3. to help sb. do 结构 0.5 分 4. 动词结构 make/ shoot/ produce a film 或 know about 均 1 分 5. 名词词组 the great astronaut 或 his life 均 0.5 分
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