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Unit 12 Culture shock


一、单词拼写写出下列英语单词或汉语意思。 1. ____________ n.& v.带子,乐队 band 2. ____________ n.sound made by a dog bark 3. ____________ vt. 登记,预订 book 4. ____________ n.摘要adj.简洁的 brief 5. ____________ n.习惯,风俗

, custom consider 6. ____________ v.think about 7. ____________ n.礼貌 manners 8. ____________ adj. 谦虚的;适度的 modest suggest 9. ____________ v.make a proposal laughter 10. _____________ n.the sound of laughing

mailbox 11. _____________ n.邮筒,邮箱 12. _____________ earthquake n.地震 13. _____________ n.污点, 地点v.弄脏 spot 14. _____________ vt.& n.出口 export parcel 15. _____________ n.& vt.包裹,.打包 方面 16.aspect n. _______________ 小心的 17.cautious adj. _______________ 甜食 18.dessert n. _______________ 食堂 19.canteen n. _______________ 20.appetite n. _______________ 嗜好,胃口

马戏团 21.circus n. ________________ 侦探 22.detective ________________ 23.mushroom ________________ 蘑菇,暴发户v.迅速增加 24.expectation n. ________________ 期待,期望 爆发 25.erupt v. ________________ 手电筒 26.flashlight n. ________________ 手帕 27.handkerchief n. _______________ 28.indicate vt. _______________ 显示,指出 29.literature n. _______________ 文学(作品), 文艺 30.splendid adj. _______________ 壮丽的, 极好的

二、单词运用从上题中选择一个单词并用其恰当形式填 空。 1.The musical comedy was very funny and interesting.All laughter the audience were excited, bursting into___________.

appetite 2.Today I am not myself, so I have no__________for any food.
3.In order to enable our customers to know our latest products quickly, here this sales brochure gives a_______ brief introduction of them.

4.Last night a heavy traffic accident happened to his family.What’s worse, he himself was killed on spot the _________. Considering 5._____________that she has made this mistake for the first time, youshould not blame her.

三、单词派生写出下列各词的派生词。 1.fog n.雾 v. 被雾笼罩 foggy ____________ adj. 有雾的, 朦胧的 foggily ____________ adv.有雾地,模糊地 fogless ____________ adj. 无雾的 2.arrive vt. 达到,取得 arrival _____________ n.到来, 到达 arriver n.到达者 _____________ 3.physic n.医学, 医术, 泻药 vt. 给……服药, 治愈 physical adj. 身体的, 物理的 _____________ physics _____________ n. 物理学 _____________ physicist n.物理学者, 唯物论者 _____________ physician n. 内科医师

4.fair adj.美丽的,公平的, 晴朗的, 美人, 展览会 ___________ fairness n.公平, 正直, 美好 ___________ adv.公正地, 相当地 fairly ___________ adj.不公平的 unfair 5.写出下例由前缀multi构成的单词的意思 adj. 多元文化的 (1) multi-cultural _______________ adj. 多用途的,多功能的 (2) multi-purpose _______________ adj.多通话线路的, 多波段的 (3) multi-channel _______________ adj. 多功能的 (4) multifunctional _______________ 多国的, 跨国公司的, 多民族的 (5) multinational adj. _______________

四、词语活用用所给词的适当形式填空。 1.When it’s_________the trains are late more foggy often than not.(fog) 2.Yesterday the fog was so thick.Luckily, it is fogless ___________today so that I can fly.(fog) fogged 3.Steam has already__________my glasses.(fog) 4.On his__________, we began to perform.(arrive) arrival arrival 5.The skirt on the shelf is fresh (new) _________. (arrive)

6.That a doctor shall be able to________ physic any disease is a misconception.(physic) physicist physics . 7.A___________is a scientist who studies________ (physic) fairness of great importance 8.The principle of________is in law.(fair) 9.There must be______play whatever the fair competition is.(fair)

五、词组互译将下列词组或短语译成中文或英语。 1.a broad choice of __________________ 很多的选择 2.apologize to sb. __________________ 向某人道歉 3.be attached to __________________ 附属于, 喜爱 4.exchange sth.for sth. __________________ 用……交换 5.give sb a lift __________________ 让某人搭便车 6.loads of...= a load of __________________ 大量的 7.the majority of __________________ 大多数 8.in advance __________________
提前, 预先

9.on the contrary ___________________ 相反地 10.put /bring an end to ___________________ 结束…… 11.wander through ___________________ 蜿蜒曲折地流经 12.whisper to sb. ___________________ 对某人耳语, 密谈 13.see...off ___________________ 为……送行 14._______________________ 建议某人做某事 advise sb.to do sth. 15._______________________ 避免做某事 avoid doing sth. 16._____________________ 全神贯注于, 专心于 be absorbed in

17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

____________________( 某人)对……熟悉 be familiar with ____________________( 某事)为……熟悉 be familiar to ____________________ 属于…… belong to ____________________ 喜欢…… be fond of ____________________ 原谅某人做 forgive sb.doing ____________________ insist on doing sth. 坚持做…… ____________________ 归功于/应感谢…… owe sth.to sb. ____________________ 凝视…… stare at risk doing sth. ____________________ 冒险做……

六、动词填空用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。 1.There are people from all over the world (live) _________here and as result, there are many living international restaurants. 2.As soon as we said goodbye, my friend ______ went (go) back to his room________ (close) the door closing behind him. 3.Last time, when I visited China, we saw the tour guide_________(wear) a very pretty fur coat on wearing the day we_____ (leave). left

4.The early settlers were mostly English and Irish, but since1945, the population______________ has become (become) more and more_________ mixed (mix) with people from Southern Europe and Asia.
5.I was enjoying my dessert and__________(talk) talking to my American friend Janice at the table when I noticed people___________(stare) at me. staring

七、介词填空用适当的介词填空。 1.She said that_____some American people, it sounded I to like _______was shouting. with 2.You are going to have to get used to bacon and eggs____ for breakfast_______here, a few slices of toast ____ Aunt Mei. over 3.At first, we didn’t feel we belong_____ × here, but now we to on are attached____the land we live_____. for 4.This is a great place_____camping but you have to look for out______snakes and spiders—Australia has some____ of the most dangerous in the world. 5.Contrary_____ to popular belief, Australia is not a dull place all for people____ at wanting culture.

八、连词填空用适当的连接词填空。 1.So don’t be surprised____ _______ if you hear laughter when you don’t think anything’s funny. though some British people are quite 2.But even__________ and strange, the majority of them are really friendly_____ I’ve made some good friends. 3.I’ve always been outgoing_____ but since an embarrassing experience in a New York restaurant I’ve been much more cautious. that/in which/不填 4.I can’t bear the way____________________the native Australians have been treated. as 5.Are all Australians____proud of their country_____ as you are?

九、精彩段落按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连 贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词,或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空。 To avoid getting 1_________ confused (confuse) about the British tipping system, you need to check your bill to see if a tip 2___________(include) or not. 3 is included ____ If it isn’t, I suggest leaving10% of the bill 4 ____ for the waiter or waitress —5______ even a bit more if the service is good.Talking of money- it’s really easy to exchange traveller’s cheque at banks or hotels so I advise you to get some of those 6______ before you come.

I think we should consider staying in the English countryside for a few nights as I know you enjoy hiking.We can wander 7________the through field and even pick a few mushroom to have with 8______ our breakfast ! I have learnt which one are tasty and safe to eat so we won’t risk getting sick! And don’t forget 9____ a warm coat! It can get foggy pretty cold and 10_____(fog) in this country.

1.absorb vt. 吸收(take or suck in),全神贯注 ◆搭配:指出下列各个词组的汉语意思。 忙于生意 (1)be absorbed in his business_______________ 专心看书 (2)be absorbed in a book _______________ 吸收一切知识 (3)absorb all the knowledge _______________

■运用:用absorb完成下列句子。 (1)吸收墨水的纸称为吸墨纸。 that absorbs ink Paper_________________is called blotting paper. (2)他完全专心于他的业务。 He______________________his business. is entirely absorbed in (3)那个聪明的男孩把他的老师们所教的知识全 部都吸收了。 absorbed all the knowledge The clever boy___________________________ that his teachers could give him.

2.owe vt. 欠 (债);把……归功于 ◆搭配:用适当的介词填空或翻译。 (1) owe sb.sth.= owe sth._____ to sb.欠某人某物 (2) owe sth. _____sb./ sth.把某事归功于某人/物 to (3) owe it to sb.that __________________ 把……归功于某人 to (4) owing _______(= because of) 因为

■运用:完成下列句子。 (1) 他还欠我30美元工钱。 He still________________my work. owes me $30 for (2) 我们深受父母师长之恩。 owe a great deal to We__________________our mother and teachers. (3) 因为下雨, 我们不能来。 ________________, Owing to the rain we couldn’t come. (4) 多亏了你我才按时赶到学校。 owe it to you I_______________that I went to school on time. (5) 我的成功应该归功于我的老师。 I___________________my teachers. owe my success to

3.exchange vt.vi.& n.交换 ◆搭配:用适当的词填空。 in (1)____exchange for 以交换 with (2)exchange gifts______Peter和彼特交换礼物 for (3)exchange US dollars______RMB将美元换成人 民币 ideas/views/opinions (4)exchange ___________________交换意见 experience (5)exchange____________ 交流经验 greetings (6)exchange ____________互相问候 ※注意:exchange后接可数名词时,通常用复数。

■运用:根据中文完成下面的句子。 (1) 她教他法语以交换英语。 in exchange for English She is teaching him French____________________. (2) 玛丽和安交换了坐位。 Mary exchanged seats with Anne __________________________________________. (3)在会上,我们就此事交换了意见。 exchanged our opinions about We____________________________the event at the meeting.

4.request n. & vt.请求 ◆搭配:填入适当的词完成下列短语或句式。 (1) request sth. _________sb. 向某人请求某物 of/from (2) request sb. ______do sth 请求某人做某事 to (3) request that sb.______do should sth.要求某人做某事 (4) make a request to sb.____sth. 向某人请求某物 for at (5)come______sb’s request应某人的请求而来

■运用:用适当的词填空或用所给词的适当形式填空。 (1)Mr.Paine made a request that I__________ should help(help) him. (2)Visitors are requested______________(not touch) the not to touch exhibits. (3)They’ve made an urgent request____ for international aid. (4) They requested that I______________ should arrive (arrive) at 8 a.m.=They requested us_________(arrive) at 8 a.m. to arrive (5) All I request of you is that you___________(be) early. should be

5.conduct n. vt.& vi. 表现,经营,实施,引导 理解:指出下列各句中conduct的词性和意思。 (1)Your children conduct themselves well.
动词,意为“表现(=behave themselves)”。

(2) My aunt conducts her business very successfully. 动词,意为“经营,管理”。 (3) The guide conducted us around the whole city.
动词,意为“带领”。

(4)I cannot allow such conduct. 名词,意为“行为”。 (5)He conducted the members of the audience to their seats. 动词,意为“引
导”。

6.injure vt.伤害,使受伤,损害 ?理解:理解下列各例句的意思。 (1)Three people were killed and five injured in the crash. 撞车事故中三人死亡, 五人受伤。 (2)He injured his knee yesterday.
他昨天伤了膝盖。

(3)I hope I didn’t injure her feelings.
我希望我没有伤害她的感情。

(4)Dishonesty injures a business.
欺骗有害生意。

★辨析:injure, wound, hurt (1) injure常指身体上或精神上的伤害,常指在意 外事故中受伤。
(3) hurt没有injure正式,可以指身体上的疼痛, 也可指精神上的痛苦或感情上的伤害。hurt的伤 害可与injure同样严重,也可指较轻的疼痛。

(2)wound主要指用刀枪等武器打伤、切伤等,多 指在战争中或战斗中受伤,有时也用于精神上的 伤害,但远不及前两者常见。

■运用:用injure, hurt或wound的适当形式填空。 (1) In that war he was seriously__________by an wounded enemy bullet. (2) You’ll____________her feelings if you forget injured/hurt her birthday. (3)No one was seriously____________in the traffic injured/hurt accident. (4)The tight shoe_______my foot. hurt (5) The_________________( 伤者 ) were rushed to injured/wounded hospital.

7.export vt.vi.& n. 出口,输出,排出,出口货,输出量 ◆联想:[反义词]import 进口 ■运用:根据中文提示填空。 is exported 出口) from this country. (1) Fruit______________( are exported (输出) to foreign (2) Many new materials_____________ countries. (3)我们出口稻米,但进口小麦。 We_________________________________________. export rice but import wheat (4)非洲向欧洲出口牛肉。 Africa is_____________________Europe. exporting beef to (5)你们国家有哪些主要的出口物品? What are the chief_____________your country? exports of

8.forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 宽恕

★用法:表示“原谅某人某事”可接双宾语,如, forgive his mistakes/ rudeness/ crimes原谅他的错 误/无礼/罪行);若表示“原谅某人做了某事”接 for doing sth或for what clause.有时可用作为及物 动词。

■运用:根据中文提示翻译或完成英文句子。 (1)请宽恕我吧。___________________________. Please forgive me (2)我们原谅了他的无礼。 We forgave him his rudeness. ____________________________________ (3)原谅我来得这么晚。 Forgive me for coming so late. ____________________________________ (4)他原谅她对他说过的那些话。 ___________________what she had said to him. He forgave her for (5)我的意见是最好宽大为怀,不念旧恶。 My advice is that__________________and forget. it’s best to forgive

9.afford vt.负担得起(……的费用);抽得出(时间)

※用法:多与can, could和be able to连用,后面接 名词、代词或不定式。 ◇I can’t afford the expense.我负担不了这笔费用。 ◇The final exams are coming up.We cannot afford to waste even a minute.快要期终考试了, 我们现在一分钟也不能浪费。

■运用:翻译下列句子。 (1)我们终于买得起房子了。 At last we can afford (to buy)a house. ____________________________________ (2)你能抽得出时间度假吗? afford the time for a holiday Are you able to___________________________?

10.majority n. 多数,大多数;(选票中)多得的票数

◇Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men who came to teach the Catholic religion to the natives.最初来到加利福尼亚的西班牙人中, 大多数是向原住民传教天主教的教徒。 ◇At the meeting, young people were in the majority.在会 上年轻人占大多数。 ◇The proposal was passed by a majority of 66.提议以超 过66票通过。 ◇The Republican won the election by a(n) absolute/ overwhelming/ thin majority.共和党以绝对/压倒/微弱多 数赢得了这次选举。

※用法: (1)用作“多数,大多数”解时,常与the和of连 用,即“the majority of...”,后可用不可数名 词,也可用可数名词复数, 谓语动词由后面的 名词决定。 (2)用“the majority”作主语时,若强调整体,谓 语动词用单数;强调个体时,谓语动词用复数。 (3) 用作“(选票中)多得的票数”解时,常与a 和of连用,即“a majority of...”,不可说 “majorities of...”或“the majorities of...”。

■运用:用be的正确形式填空。 (1) The majority___________for the budget. was/were are (2) The majority of students______hard-working. (3) The majority of the damage____easy to repair. is ★拓展: (1) minority n. 少数;少数派;少数票/人 (2) minorities n. 少数民族

11.familiar adj.熟悉的,常见到的,常听说的

◇He looks so familiar but I can’t remember his name.他 看上去非常面熟,但我想不起他的名字来了。 ◇The name seems familiar to me.这个名字我似乎很熟悉。 ◇She is familiar with modern jazz.她熟悉现代爵士乐。
◆搭配:sth.be familiar to sb.某物对某人来说是熟悉的 sb.be familiar with sth.某人对某物熟悉 ■运用:写出下句的同义句。 他的名字我耳熟。 His name is familiar to me.=_______________________ I am familiar with his name.

12.attach vt.贴上,系上;使依附,使附属
◆搭配:attach A to B把A附/贴在B上 be attached to依恋 ◇He attached a label to his baggage.他往行李上贴 了一个标签。 ◇This hospital is attached to our medical department.这所医院附属于我们医学系。 ★派生: attached adj.依恋的 attachment n.依恋;附件

13.contrary adj.相反的,截然不同的(常接to) n.相反的事实/事情/情况(前加the) ◆搭配: (1)on the contrary 恰恰相反,与此相反 (2)to the contrary相反的,相反地,不同地 (3)(be) contrary to...违反,与……相反 ◇Contrary to popular belief, many cats dislike milk.与普通的看法相反,许多猫并不喜欢牛奶。 ◇My idea is contrary to his.我的想法和他的相反。

※辨析:on the contrary和to the contrary (1)on the contrary 常常放在句首,有时也可放在 句中,用作修饰句子的状语,表示对刚说的话进 行反对。 (2)to the contrary不是修饰整个句子的状语。它可 以充当定语、状语或表语。 ■运用:用to或on填空。 (1)It doesn’t seem ugly to me, ____ on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful. (2)I know nothing ____ to the contrary.

14.lively adj.有生气的,活泼的,热闹的 ◇He is lively as well as healthy.他既健康又活泼。 ※辨析:lively, alive, living & live (1)alive活着的,在世的 (只能作表语,补语,后 置定语) (2)living活着的,有生命的 (作前置定语和表语) (3)live活的(只能在动物前面作定语);现场直播 ( adj. & adv.) (4)the living 活着的人(与the dead相对)

■运用:用上述几个词填空。 (1)She is a______child and popular with everyone. lively alive/living (2)Mr Wang was still _____________after the powerful earthquake. (3)More than 10,000 people were buried_______ alive during the earthquake. (4)He is the best_________pianist. living (5)There is no__________fish in this pool. live/living

1.see...off (去车站、机场等)给(某人)送行;赶走 meet 去车站、机场等)迎接(某人) ★联想:_______( ■运用:翻译下列句子。 (1)我的朋友昨天到机场为我送行。
My friend went to the airport to see me off yesterday.

(2)她的狗把那两个贼赶走了。 Her dog saw off the two thieves. (3)我们要不要为她开个送别晚宴呢? Shall we have a see-off party for her? (4)下周的星期三我要去北京机场接我的儿子。 I am to meet my son at Beijing Airport next Wednesday.

2.insist on (doing )sth.坚持主张做某事 ◇I insist on seeing it.我一定要见到它。 ★拓展: (1)insist that 坚持要做某事(接从句用虚拟语气) (2)insist that 坚持一种事实(接从句用真实语气) ◆辨析: (1)persist in坚持行动,常指固执己见或继续 坚持不改。 (2)stick to坚持,信守,忠于(原则、决定、计 划、诺言、意见),通常接名词或代词。

■运用:翻译下列句子或用所给词的适当形式填空。 (1) He insisted that he was a Party member and ____________(send) the front. be sent (should)not rest (2) We all insist that we_________________(not rest) until we finish the work. (3)他坚持要我跟他一起去。

He insisted on / upon my going with him

(4)如果你再继续违法的话,你会坐牢的。 you persist in breaking If____________________________the law you will go to prison. (5)我已作出了决定,而且我会坚守这一立场。 I have made my decision and I’m going to__________. stick to it

3.first of all 首先 ◇First of all, we should make a list of shopping.首 先, 我应当列出买东西的单子。 ◇Happiness lies first of all in health.幸福首先在 于健康。

4.get/be used to (doing) sth.习惯于(做)某事 ※用法:用get往往含有由不习惯“变得”习惯之 意,表示已经习惯的状态用be。注意to是介词, 其 后接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。 ■运用1:翻译下列句子。 (1)你很快就会习惯住在这里的。 Soon you will get used to living here. (2)你不久就会习惯这里的气候。 You’ll soon get used to the climate here. (3)生活是不公平的;去适应它吧。 Life is not fair; get used to it.

◆联想: 翻译下列词组。 某人过去常做某事 (1) sb.used to do sth. _____________ 某物被用来做某事 (2) sth.be used to do sth. _____________ (3)get accustomed to (doing) sth. 变得习惯于 ______________ (4)be accustomed to (doing) sth._______________ 习惯于
■运用2:翻译下列句子。 (1)他过去和我们一起住。

He used to live with my family.
(2) 她习惯于饭后散步。 She is used (=accustomed)to taking a walk after dinner. (3) 木头常常被用来制作桌椅。

Wood is often used to make desks and chairs.

5.would rather宁愿 ※用法:后面多接动词原形;若接从句,从句谓 语动词用过去时表示虚拟语气。 ◇I would rather stay at home.我宁愿待在家里。 ◇I would rather you went to the cinema now.我宁 愿让你现在就去看电影。 ◆搭配:would rather do A than do B宁愿做A事 而不愿做B事 ◇He would rather die than give in.他宁死不屈。

■运用:翻译下列句子。 (1)我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。 I would rather______________in fail than cheat the examination. (2)我宁愿饿死也不乞讨。 I would rather starve than beg. (3)我宁愿你明天来。 I would rather you came tomorrow

6. soon after 在……之后不久,稍后( adv.prep & prep?) ◇We shall arrive soon after.我们将随后很快就到 达。 ◇The baby’s mother deserted him soon after giving birth.那个母亲生下他后不久就把他遗弃了。 ◇The book was published soon after it was written.那本书写完后不久就出版了。

■运用:翻译下列句子。 (1)他毕业后不久便还清了所有的债务。 ______________________, Soon after he left school he paid off all his debt. (2)暴风雨过后不久,太阳出来了。 soon after the storm (stopped) The sun came out__________________________.

7.keep on doing sth.不断做,反复做 ◇Keep on going.Never give up Never! 坚持不懈,决不放 弃! ◇Don’t keep on making such noise.不要老是发出这样的 噪音。

※辨析:keep on doing sth.和keep doing sth. (1)keep doing sth.常常含有不间断的意思。 (2)keep on doing sth.可能有间断,强调“反复”和“决 心”,而且常常附加感情色彩。 (3)与sitting, standing, lying, sleeping等静态的动词连用时, 只能用keep doing。

■运用:用keep或keep on的适当形式填空。 (1)Whatever happens, __________ keep on trying. kept on working till late in the night (2)They_________ yesterday. keeps on phoning me, and I really don’t (3)He___________ want to talk to him. kept (4)I________ standing under a burning sun for a long while that day.

8.belong to 属于 ※用法:只用于主动语态,不能用于被动语态; 只用于一般时态,不用于进行时态。 ◇The bike belongs to Helen.这辆自行车是海伦 的。 ◇China is a developing country, belonging to the Third World.中国是个发展中国家,属于第三世 界。

※注意:千万不要受汉语“属于某人的”而在 belong to后误接表示“某人的”的物主代词或者 名词的所有各格;而要接宾格或者直接接名词。

■运用:翻译下列句子。 这辆新车是属于我的。
The new car belongs to me.

1.I don’t know what your expectations are of London, but knowing that you’ve never traveled outside of Asia, I thought I’d tell you a bit about what you can expect to find. (MⅣ P36) 我不知道你期望的伦敦是怎样的, 但听说 你从未踏出过亚洲, 所以我愿意告诉你一些可能在伦敦遇 到的情形。 结构分析: 本句是一个由两个主从复合句构成的由but 引 导表示转折关系的并列句。在第一个主从复合句中, 主句 是I don’t know...,由what引导的从句作know的宾语, 即 宾语从句;第二个主从复合句中, 主句是I’d tell you a bit about...,而其中的about后又有what引导从句作宾语。but 后面的knowing是现在分词短语做状语,中间带一个that 引导的宾语从句,I thought是插入语。

句脉把握:I don’t know what...but doing..., I thought I’d...

学以致用:用以上句型翻译下列句子 我不知道考试结果会怎样,但我知道它非常重要, 所以我想我会尽力做好准备。 I don’t know what the result will be, but knowing its importance, I thought I’d try my best to prepare for the test.

2. I told her the coat suited her, but she looked very embarrassed, saying that it was a cheap one she had bought a long time ago. (MⅣ P40) 我对她说,这件衣服真合身。没想到她看上去很不 好意思,解释说这件外衣是很早以前买的,而且 很便宜。

结构分析:本句是一个由but 连接的并列句, 现在分词 saying结构作looked的伴随状语。that it was a cheap one作saying的宾语从句,she had bought a long time ago是定语从句,修饰a cheap one。
句脉把握:I told her..., but she...., saying that... 学以致用:用以上句型翻译下列句子。 我们又饿又失望,但他带着我们最需要的所有食物和药 品及时来到了。

We all felt very disappointed and hungry, but he appeared timely,bringing all the food and drugs that we were in great need of.

1. There is so much here that is different from home.这儿的很多事情与国内不一样。(BⅣ p.36) ◆句型:There is so much here / now that...这里/ 现在 有许多…… ※提示:that引导定语从句,that在从句中做主语, 不能省略。

■仿写:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。 (1) 当你初到英国时,肯定会感受文化上的冲击,因为这里 很多事情与国内不一样。 On arrival in UK for the first time, you will surely be experiencing culture shock because___________________ there is so much _____________________________________________. here that is different from your home (2) 现在与过去很多事情不同啦, 我们必须与时俱进。 There is so much nowadays that is different from ________________________________________________ the past.We must advance with the times _____________________________________________. (3) 经过这件事后, 他对生活的态度改变了许多。 After the event,_______________________in his attitude there is so much toward life_______________________________. that is different from the past

2. When I first arrived in San Francisco, I had a difficult time understanding certain aspects of the American。刚 到旧金山时,我一度觉得很难理解美国人的某些处事方 式。(BⅣ p.40) ◆句型:when sb.first did...had a difficult time doing sth. 当某人第一次做……时,很难做…… ※提示:固定结构have a difficult time doing sth.= have trouble /difficulty (in) doing sth.

■仿写:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。 (1) 当第一次上课时, 我又激动又害怕, 很难控制自己的情 绪。 When I first gave __________________my students a lesson, __________ I had a ______________________my mood, excited and anxious. difficult time controlling (2) 熊猫宝宝刚到这个新的住处时, 有点不适应。 When the little panda first arrived the new habitation, ______________________________at she had difficulty adjusting to new environment. _____________________________the (3) 刚调到这个岗位时, 我有点适应不业务。 ___________________________________ When I was first transferred to this post, my ____________________________________business. I had a difficult time managing

3. I had a similar experience the last time I visited China. 上次我访问中国时,我的经历与你差不多。(BⅣ p.40) ◆句型:...the last time... ※提示:the last time名词短语作连词用,引导时间状语 从句。 ■仿写:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。 (1) 我最后一次看到他时,他还相当健康。He was quite the last time (when) well__________________________I saw him. (2) 上次我们爬这座山时, 这里没有一株树木。 The last time we climbed the mountain it was _________________________________________, totally treeless here. (3) 上次我们见面时, 他还是一个银行职员。He was still the last time we met a bank clerk________________________.

4. That’s why surfing is such a popular sport.这就 是冲浪之所以成为一项如此普及的体育运动的原 因。(BⅣ p.42)

◆句型:That’s why...
※提示:why引导表语从句,引出结果。

■仿写:根据汉语意思,完成英文句子。 (1) 数学考试又不及格,这就是她难过地哭起来的 原因。 She failed in the math exam again____________ That’s why she cried with grief. _________, (2) 全球气候变暖越演越厉害, 这就是为什么科学 界如此关注工业国家二氧化碳的排放。 Global warming is getting from bad to worse. That’s why scientific societies have been so ______________________________________ concerned about ______________the discharge of Carbon Dioxide.

(3) 英国具有优美的自然环境和优质的教育资源。 这就是为什么她每年能够吸引成千上万的海外学 生的原因。 UK owns beautiful nature and qualified education That’s why she can attract resources._________________________hundreds of thousands of overseas students every year.


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