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高一英语Unit


10教育技术

舒丽

复习规律 1. 陈述句的间接引语 连接词用 陈述句的间接引语—连接词用 连接词用that, 在 口语中可省略。引述动词用 口语中可省略。引述动词用said, told,等。 等 例如: 例如: He said: “I’ve left my book in my room.” → He told me that he had left his book in his room.

2.疑问句的间接引语。一般疑问句后连接 疑问句的间接引语。 疑问句的间接引语 词用if或 词用 或whether,而引述选择疑问句时 , 只能用whether,引述动词用asked,没 ,引述动词用 只能用 , 有间接引语的可以加一个间接宾语me, 有间接引语的可以加一个间接宾语 him等。 例如: 等 例如: She said to Tom, “Can you help me?” → She asked Tom if /whether he could help her.

3. 特殊疑问句用原句中的疑问词作连接 改为陈述语序。例如: 词,改为陈述语序。例如: The teacher asked, “how did you repair it?”
→ The

teacher asked me how I had repaired it.

时态的变化 一般现在时 现在完成时 一般过去时 现在进行时 一般将来时 一般过去时 过去完成时 过去完成时 过去进行时 过去将来时

谓语动词时态变化需要注意几点: 谓语动词时态变化需要注意几点:
1.直接引语表述的是客观真理,变为间接引语时, 1.直接引语表述的是客观真理,变为间接引语时, 直接引语表述的是客观真理 时态不变 The geography teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.” The geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

(2)直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、 (2)直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、 直接引语中有具体的过去某年 某日作状语,变为间接引语时, 时态不 某日作状语,变为间接引语时, 变 Xiao Wang said. “I was born on April 2l, 1980.” →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980.

(3)直接引语中被引述的部分是反复出 (3)直接引语中被引述的部分是反复出 现的, 现的,习惯性的动作或说话时情况仍然 存在的,变间接引语时,时态保持不变。 存在的,变间接引语时,时态保持不变。 The boy said to us, “ I usually get up at six every day.” → The boy told us he usually gets up at six every day.

(4). 若直接引语中含有 若直接引语中含有when, since, while等引导的表示过去的时间状语从 等引导的表示过去的时间状语从 变间接引语时,从句时态不变 句,变间接引语时 从句时态不变。如: 变间接引语时 从句时态不变。 She said, “I went there when I was six years old.” → She said she had gone there when she was six years old.

(5). 若直接引语的谓语中含有 若直接引语的谓语中含有would, should, might, must, used to, ought to, had better等动词时。如: 等动词时。 等动词时 She said, “We should help each other.” → She said we should help each other.

直接引语

间接引语
that, those then, that day that week the day before the week before four days before two days before the next day the next month there go, take

指示代词

this, now,

these today

时 间 状 语

this week yesterday last week four days ago the day before yesterday tomorrow next month

语 词
come,

here bring

祈使句的直接引语和间接引语

Now would you please show me which of them are commands and which are requests in the following? 1 Close the door! 2 Would you please help me carry the case? 3 Get me something to drink 4 Could you please lend me 100 dollar ? 5 Please turn off the lights. 6 Don’t smoke here 7.Will you clean the blackboard? 8 Clean the table please.

Sentence pattern for commands: Do…/ Do not do…. Sentence pattern for requests: Do…please./ Can you do…?/ Could you do… ?/ Will you do…?/ Would you do…? Will you do…?/ Would you do…? Then if we want to change them into indirect speech, we should do like this: Commands : sb. Told/ordered sb.(not) to do sth Requests : sb. Asked sb else (not) to do sth

如果祈使句是表示请求,间接引语的动词常 如果祈使句是表示请求, 用ask,如果是表示命令,间接引语的动词 ,如果是表示命令, 常用tell, order, command等。 常用 等

例如: 例如 1.The teacher said to the students, “Don’t waste your time.” → The teacher told the students not to waste their time. 2.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.”→ The mother asked Tom to get up early.

直接引语如果是以“ 直接引语如果是以“Let’s”开头的祈 开头的祈 使句,变为间接引语时, 使句,变为间接引语时,通常用 或从句) “suggest +动名词(或从句) 动 例如: He said, "Let’s go to the film." →He suggested going to the film. 或He suggested that they should go to see the film.

1. He said, “My sister was here for three days.” He said that____ sister ___ _____ his had been ____ for there ___ three days. 2. She said ,”I’ll go there tomorrow.” She said that ___ would go there she _____ ___________. the next day

3. She said, “Did you see him last night?” She _____ me __________________ asked if/whether I had seen him _______________. the night before 4. “When did you go to bed last night?” Father said to Peter. Father asked Peter ______________ _____ when he went to ____ the night ______. bed before

Change these sentences into Indirect Speech.
He said to me : “Don’t smoke in this room.” He said to me : “Could you please help me with my work?”

Change the following sentences into Direct Speech. The landlady asked him to put his coat in the closet. closet. move. The young father told his children not to move. Mother told me to lock the door after midnight. midnight.

Homework

Review the knowledge of direct speech and indirect speech and summarize the rules.

Thank

you


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