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【2014年备考】2013版高中英语全程复习课件:必修4 Unit 3 A taste of English humour(人教版)


Unit 3 A taste of English humour 体味英语的幽默

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 content 1. _______(adj. ) (n. ) (vt. ) ordinary 2. ________(adj. ) 满足的; 满意的 满足 使满足 平常的;普通的

throughout 3.

__________(prep. )

遍及,贯穿

(adv. )
worn 4. _____(adj. )

到处;始终;全部
用旧的;用坏的; 破烂的

5. _________(vt. & vi. ) overcome
6. ________(n. ) occasion

战胜;克服
时刻;场合

7. _____(vt. & vi. ) slide
(n. )

(使)滑动;(使)滑行
滑;滑动;幻灯片

amuse 8. ______(vt. )
9. explanation ) __________(n.

使发笑;使愉快 解释;讲解; 说明 耳语;低语 低语; 小声说

whisper 10. _______(n. )
(vt. & vi. )

humourous 11. _______(n. ) 幽默;滑稽→ __________(adj. )幽默的 humour perform performer 12. __________(n. )表演者;演出者→________ (vt. )执行;表演 performance → ____________(n. )执行;演出

astonish 13. _______(vt. ) 使惊诧→ astonishing __________(adj. )令人感到惊讶的→
astonishment ____________(n. )惊诧;震惊 unfortunately fortunate 14. _________(adj. )幸运的;吉利的→ ____________(adv. )不幸 fortune 地→_______ (n. )运气,财富 entertainment 15. ________(vt. & vi. ) 使欢乐;款待→____________ (n. )娱乐 entertain

entertaining →___________ (adj. )有趣的
failure fail 16. _______(n. ) 失败(者)→ ____(vi. )失败

convincing convince 17. ________(vt. ) 使信服→_________ (adj. )令人信服的

18. direct _____(vt. & vi. & adj. ) 导演;指示;指挥; 直的;直接的; direction 直率的→ ________(n. )指导; 方向→ ________(n. )导演→ director directly _______ (adv. & conj. )直接地,径直地;一??就?? outstandingly 19. outstanding __________(adj. )突出的;杰出的;显著的→____________ ( adv. )非常,极其 particular 20. _________(adj. )特殊的; 特别的(n. )细节; 细目→ particularly ___________(adv. )特殊地;特别地 react reaction 21. _____(vi. )作出反应;回应→ ________(n.)反应;回应

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 entertainment ①The children in the mountain village have no ____________ , entertaining entertain so their teachers often tell ___________ stories to ________ them after class. (entertain) fails failure ②He thinks he is a ______ as an artist,for he ____ to sell any of his paintings. (fail)

Ⅱ. 短语回放 1.直到现在 2.对??满足 3.穷的;缺少的 4.挑出;辨别出 5.切断;断绝 6.担任主角; 主演 up to now _________ feel/be content with ________________ badly off ________ pick out _______ cut off ______ ______ star in

7.破门而入

break into __________
in search of ___________ burst into __________ keep to _______

8.寻找
9.突然发出

10.坚持;固守

Ⅲ. 句式扫描
As 1. ___(正如)Victor Hugo once said, “Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face”, and up to now nobody has been able to do this better than Charlie Chaplin ____________________________________________________ (没有人能比查理· 卓别林做得更好). find it astonishing 2. You may ________________(感到惊奇)that Charlie was taught to sing as soon as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk.

leaving the family even worse 3. Unfortunately his father died,_________________________

off ___(使得家境更加贫困),so Charlie spent his childhood
looking after his sick mother and his brother. as if they were 4. Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them _____________ (好像他们是) spaghetti. so convincing that 5. The acting is ________________(如此令人心悦诚服以至于) it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever

tasted!

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子
①“否定词+比较级”表示最高级意义 仿写:天气再糟糕不过了。 The weather couldn’t be worse. ②it作形式宾语的宾语从句 仿写:她认为他不接电话是不对的。 She thinks it wrong that he didn’t answer the phone.

核 心 要 点

astonish
direct as if引导的状语从句

三年1考
三年3考 三年4考

1. content adj. 满足的,满意的 vt.使满足

n. 满足;含量;内容; 目录;容纳的东西
(1)be content to do sth. 乐于做某事

be content with. . .
be content that. . .

对??满足/满意
对??满足/满意

(2)content sb. /oneself with sth.
(3)to one’s heart’s content

使某人/自己满足于某事
尽情地

①He got a new job in a hotel and he was content with it. 他在一家旅馆里得到一份新工作并对此很满意。 ②She dropped her purse and the contents fell out on the floor. 她的皮包掉了,里面的东西散落在地板上。

well content to ③That rich man is tired of city life,so he is ____ _______ __ ____ in the country. live

那位富人厌倦了城市生活,于是他很愿意生活在乡下。
contented ④As he had to drive home after the party,he _________

himself with ______ ____ two glasses of beer.
由于聚会后要开车回家,所以他只喝了两杯啤酒就心满意足了。

【点津】
content作形容词时,通常作表语、后置定语或状语,作前置定

语时要用contented, 如a contented expression满足的表情。

2. astonish vt. 使惊诧 (1)be astonished at/by sth. be astonished to do sth. be astonished that. . . (2)astonishment n. to one’s astonishment (3)astonished adj. (4)astonishing adj. 对某事感到惊讶 吃惊地做某事 很惊讶?? 惊讶 令某人惊讶的是 惊讶的 令人惊讶的

①I’ m astonished that he paid so much for the ring. 他花这么多钱买这枚戒指, 这使我感到很惊讶。 ②He was astonished to see his father here. 在这里见到他父亲他感到很惊讶。 ③He was _________ __ the news. ___ astonished at 他听到这个消息感到很吃惊。

【点津】
astonished感到惊讶的, 指人的主观感受; astonishing令人惊讶 的, 指事物本身的特征。 ④(用astonish的适当形式填空) astonished astonishment To our great ____________ ,the boss wasn’t _________ at the astonishing __________ news at all.

3. convince vt. 使信服 (1)convince sb. of sth. convince sb. to do sth. convince sb. that (2)convinced adj. convincing adj. be convinced of/that. . . 使某人信服某事 说服某人做某事 使某人确信?? 信服的,相信的 有说服力的,令人信服的 确信??

①I managed to convince them that the story was true. 我设法使他们相信那故事是真的。 ②There is now convincing evidence that smoking causes lung cancer. 现在有令人信服的证据证明吸烟导致肺癌。

③You need to ________ your interviewer __ your ability to of convince master the work. 你需要让你的面试官相信你有驾驭这份工作的能力。 convince ___ to see ④His mother has been trying to ________ him __ ___ a doctor. 他妈妈一直设法说服他去看医生。

⑤(用convince的适当形式填空)
convincing convinced His __________ words finally __________ me, and I was

convinced __________ that he was innocent.

【想一想】除了convince,

还有哪些动词可以构成“动词+sb.

+of sth. ”的结构?

【拓展延伸】 “动词+sb. +of sth. ”结构对于我们并不陌生, 现将有关适合于这

种结构的动词归纳如下, 便于同学们学习掌握。
1. remind sb. of sth. (sb. )使某人想起某事(某人) The story reminds me of my past. 这个故事使我想起了我的过去。 2. rob sb. of sth. 抢某人某物

The robber robbed him of his money.
强盗抢走了他的钱。

3. rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱??

You should rid yourself of that bad habit.
你应该改掉那个坏习惯。

4. cheat sb. of sth. 骗走某人某物
The man cheated the old lady of all her money.

那人骗走了老太太所有的钱。

5. cure sb. of sth. 治愈某人的疾病, 纠正某人的坏习惯

This medicine cured him of his headache.
这种药治好了他的头痛。

6. tell sb. of sth. 给某人讲述某事
He told me of his trouble. 他告诉了我他的烦恼。

7. inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某事
He informed me of his safe arrival in the USA.

他告知我他已平安到达美国。

8. warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事(还可说warn sb. against sth. )

We warned him of the danger. 我们警告他有危险。
9. persuade sb. of sth. 使某人信服某事

He tried to persuade me of his honesty.
他设法使我相信他的诚实。

10. accuse sb. of (doing) sth. 控告某人某事, 指责某人某事
The policeman accused him of murder. 警察控告他谋杀。

4. direct vt. & vi. 导演;指示;指挥 adj. 直的;直接的;直率的 adv. 直接地 (1)direct sb. to do sth. direct sb. to sp. direct that-clause 指示某人做某事 指引某人去某地 指示,命令??(从句谓语动词 用should+动词原形,should可 以省略)

(2)in the direction of
under the direction of

朝??方向
在??指导下

in all directions=in every direction
朝四面八方

①The judge directed that the child (should)be taken good care
of by his mother. 法官判决孩子由母亲好好照看。 ②He directed many Shakespearian plays in London. 他在伦敦导演过许多莎士比亚的戏剧。 directed him to ③His boss _______ ___ __ cancel the meeting. 他的老板指示他取消这次会议。

5. pick out挑出; 辨别出 ①Have you picked out the movie you want to see? 你挑出你想看的电影了吗? ②I can pick you out even if you are wearing the same clothes as others. 即使你和别人穿着同样的衣服, 我也能认出你。

【点津】 pick out接代词作宾语时, 要把代词置于pick与out之间。pick out接名词作宾语时, 名词可以置于pick和out之间或后面。

【拓展】 翻译以下短语 pick up pick off 拾起; 学会; 收听;接某人;好转 _____________________________ 去除,摘掉 ___________

【真题链接】

[2010山东, 27]Sam ______ some knowledge of the computer
just by watching others working on it.

A. brought up
C. picked up

B. looked up
D.set up

【解析】选C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:萨姆只通过观看别
人操作电脑便学到了一些电脑知识。bring up抚养;look up抬 头看,查询;pick up好转,开车接某人,学会;set up建造, 搭起。

6. Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them as if they were spaghetti.

查理首先挑出鞋带来吃, 像是吃意大利面一样。
句中由as if引导的状语从句使用了虚拟语气,意为“仿佛,好

像”。

表语从句 从句类型 状语从句

接在look, seem动词之后 接在常见的实义动词之后 在as if从句中说话者认为所述的 是真实的或极有可能发生或存在 的事实 说话人认为句子所述不真实或极 少有可能发生或存在的情况

陈述语气
从句语气 虚拟语气

一般过去时
从句时态 过去完成时 过去将来时

与现在事实相反
与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反

①It looks as if he has been away from home for quite a few days. 好像他离开家已经有好几天了。 ②Katy loves the boy very much as if he ____ her own son. were 凯蒂非常爱这个男孩,好像他就是她自己的儿子。 ③He talks about Rome as if he ___ ____ there before. had been 他谈起罗马来似乎他曾经去过那里。

【点津】 如果as if/as though 引导的从句是“主语+系动词”结构,且 主、从句中主语相同,则可省略从句主语和系动词,这样as if 后就只剩下名词、不定式、形容词(短语)、介词短语或分词 形式。

1. entertain vt. & vi. 使欢乐;款待 (1)entertain sb. with sth. 用??招待某人;用?? 使某人快乐 entertain sb. (to sth. ) (2)entertainment n. entertaining adj. 招待/款待某人 娱乐 有趣的;娱乐的;使人愉快的

①He cut off a bunch of grapes to entertain us.

他剪下一串葡萄招待我们。
②The child entertained himself with his building blocks.

孩子在搭积木玩。
③She was always so funny and entertaining.

她总是那么风趣,让人愉快。
entertained __ to ④Bob and Liz __________ us __ dinner last night.

昨晚鲍勃与利兹设宴招待了我们。

2. whisper n. 耳语, 低语

vt. & vi. 低语;小声说
(1)whisper to sb. 与某人耳语

whisper sth. to sb.
It is/was whispered that. . .

与某人低声说??
据秘密传闻??

(2)in a whisper=in whispers=in a low voice
耳语地,低声地

①The two girls were whispering in the library. 这两个女孩在图书馆里低声说话。 ②It is whispered that he has a cancer. 传闻说他身患癌症。 in ________ ③They sat at the back of the room,talking __ whispers . 他们坐在房间的后面低声谈话。

3. up to now直到现在;到目前为止 ①Up to now, the work has been quite smooth. 到目前为止, 工作很顺利。 ②I have heard nothing from him up __ now . __ to ___ 迄今为止我没得到他的一点音信。

【点津】 up to now通常与现在完成时连用; 同义短语so far,by/till/until now。

(1)badly off及其比较等级的变化
(2)occasion作先行词时的从句 (3)failure抽象名词具体化

1. I don’t think I am ______ ; it is said that ______ is the mother of success.

A.a failure; failure
C.a failure; a failure

B.failure; a failure
D.failure; failure

【解析】选A。句意:我认为我不是个失败者,据说失败是成
功之母。第一空failure是抽象名词具体化,表示“失败的人或

事”;第二空是抽象名词。

2. It’s on the festival occasion ______ the family get together _______ he misses his father.

A. where; that
C. when; that

B. which; when
D. that; when

【解析】选C。句意:正是在这个家庭聚会的节日时刻他想起
了他的父亲。第一空是when引导的定语从句,修饰先行词the festival occasion;第二空是强调句型,强调时间状语。

3. 完成句子 ①I went to his home and found his living conditions were worse off ________ than mine. 我去他家, 发现他家的生活条件比我家还差。 badly off for ②The school was then ___________ teachers. 当时学校缺少教师。


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