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东城区2016届高三一模英语试题及答案(word版)


东城区2015-2016学年度第二学期高三综合练习(一)

英语试卷

2016. 4

本试卷共12 页,共150 分。考试时长120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题 卡上,在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共5 小题;每小题1.5 分,共7.5 分

) 听下面5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有一道小题,从每题所给的A、B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话或独白后,你将有10 秒钟的时间来 回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话或独白你将听一遍。 例:What is the man going to read? A. A newspaper. B. A magazine. C. A book. 答案是A。 1. Which color does the man prefer? A. White. B. Black. C. Red. 2. Who needs a job? A. Sue. B. The man. C. The woman. 3. What time is the train for New York? A. 4:20. B. 4:25. C. 4:30. 4. What will the boy do tonight? A. Clean the room. B. Go to the cinema. C. Finish the homework. 5. Why does the woman make the phone call? A. To make an appointment. B. To ask Dave to ring her back. C. To get some information for the trip. 第二节(共10 小题,每小题1.5 分,共15 分) 听下面4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的A、B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,听每段对话或独白前,你将有5 秒钟的时间阅读

每小题。 听完后, 每小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第6 段材料,回答第6 至7 题。 6. What is the woman going to do? A. Play tennis. B. Go swimming. C. Go cycling. 7. What is the possible relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. B. Colleagues. C. Husband and wife. 听第7 段材料,回答第8 至9 题。 8. What does the man plan to do? A. Move to a flat. B. Apply for a university. C. Decorate the kitchen. 9. How will the man go to the university? A. By bicycle. B. By bus. C. On foot. 听第8 段材料,回答第10 至12 题。 10. Where does the man want to stay? A. In the country. B. By the beach. C. In the city. 11. What kind of hotel does the man want to stay in? A. A family hotel. B. A farmhouse. C. A spa hotel. 12. Which hotel does the man choose? A. Roomba Inn. B. Sparking Springs. C. Harhour Grand Hotel. 听第9 段材料,回答第13 至15 题。 13. What will the listeners get on Friday? A. Photos. B. Uniforms. C. ID cards. 14. What is the woman mainly talking about? A. Regulations. B. Arrangements. C. Experiences. 15. Who night be the listeners? A. Customers. B. Clerks. C. Guides.

第三节(共5 小题:每小题1.5 分,共7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第16 至20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前, 你将有20 秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话 你将听两遍。 Homework Subject Biology

Information ●Name: ___16___ of the book ●Author: Marie ___17___ ●On the ___18___ shelf on the biology bookshelf

Tasks

●Read Pages 123 to 127 ●Learn about ___19___ ●Finish by ___20___

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节单项填空(共15 小题;每小题1 分,共15 分) 从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. ______, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What’s more C. In other words 答案是D。 21. Kimberly ______ an article, so don’t disturb her. A. would write B. writes C. wrote D. is writing B. That’s to say D. Believe it or not

22. Robert had a comfortable childhood, ______ up in a pleasant house with a view of the sea.

A. grew

B. growing

C. grown

D. to grow

23. The world is not always ______ we wish it to be. A. that B. which C. what D. where

24. More subway lines ______ to make travelling easy in Beijing in the coming years. A. will build B. will be built C. build D. are built

25. This computer is different from the one I ______ in my last job. A. use B. have used C. used D. had used

26. He had a great dearie to have a home of his own, ______ he had always lived with his grandmother. A. or B. and C. so D. for

27. — Are you ready for the history test tomorrow? — No, I wish I ______ the clock back. A. had turned C. will turn B. could turn D. would have turned

28. Meyer and his team were the first ______ how the disease spreads from animals to humans. A. showing B. show C. to show D. shown

29. — Hey, the washing up has been done! — That ______ Cynthia, She’s always helpful. A. need have been C. should have been B. could have been D. must have been

30. — The room looks bigger! — We ______ the furniture. A. have changed C. changed B. had changed D. are changing

31. Finding a time ______ suits everyone is going to be difficult. A. that B. when C. what D. where

32. We strongly advise you ______ eating your meal so late. It’s not healthy. A. on B. against C. from D. over

33. Having pictures to color will keep children ______ for hours. A. amused B. amusing C. amuse D. to amuse

34. The use of computers has made ______ possible for more people to work at home. A. it B. that C. which D. what

35. Muir succeeds ______ other designers have failed—her clothes are Original, yet stylish. A. that B. what C. which D. where

第二节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5 分,共30 分 ) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Running for a Dream I will never forget that November day. It was hotter than normal. This was the __36__ my father and I had waited so long for, because we had been working towards this race for three years. Dozens of familiar faces from church and school flashed across my view. They had come __37__ me. I saw worry and __38__ on my father’s face. Then the race began! For the first two and a half miles. I felt __39__. I had never before been so ready for something. The weeks leading up to the race were filled with controlled __40__ and a strict diet. My friends hadn’t seen me in weeks, but they understood the __41__ required to make my dream a reality. As in all of my races,I didn't __42__ out in the front,I loved the pleasure of passing people as my strength overtook their premature speed. Then without warning,my strength began to decrease. Neck and neck with one of my greatest competitors, I __43__ see the finish line. I had begun the final dash into __44__ when my knees became weak and my legs gave way. Nothing I could do would make them __45__ weight. I watched as runners rushed by me. __46__ I knew my dreams of victory were destroyed. I had to finish the race. However, my legs hurt badly. With all of the

__47__ left in me, I got on my hands and knees and crawled (爬), inch by inch, across the finish line. Voices, both __48__ and familiar, cheered me on. They gave me the courage to keep __49__ until the very end. The doctors were there in seconds, but my eyes searched the crowd for him. There was only one person I wanted to __50__ to. I whispered, “I’m so sorry , Dad, I'm so sorry I __51__ you.” He looked at me, saying, “You could never disappoint me. Sometimes these things just __52__. All that matters is that you did your best.” “But we worked so __53__. What about our dream?” He reached over for my hand and said, “Don't you know that you are my dream and it has come true?” It wasn't long before my running shoes were back on, marking a __54__ path for my journey, I learned that all of the miles, the tears, the sweat, and the pain my dad and I experienced together were not for a __55__. What I realized, though, was that to him, I was the greatest prize he had ever won. 36. A. dream 37. A. for 38. A. coldness 39. A. proud 40. A. programs 41. A. sacrifice 42. A. look 43. A. should 44. A. relief 45. A. give 46. A. Where 47. A. trust 48. A. loud 49. A. going 50. A. refer 51. A. frightened 52. A. develop B. weather B. to B. astonishment B. great B. studies B. potential B. move B. could B. spirit B. feel B. Because B. emotion B. foreign B. running B. talk B. disturbed B. change C. result C. across C. excitement C. nervous C. instructions C. patience C. start C. must C. pleasure C. hold C. If C. strength C. soft C. fighting C. listen D. day D. over D. amusement D. afraid D. practices D. attention D. come D. need D. glory D. add D. Although D. confidence D. firm D. training D. agree

C. disappointed D. bored C. follow D. happen

53. A. late 54. A. new 55. A. wish

B. hard B. near B. duty

C. closely C. rough C. rank

D. quickly D. narrow D. race

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共15 小题;每小题2 分,共30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A New Way to Experience Dentistry Have you ever had your hand held during a dental procedure you feel uneasy about? What about a dental office that mimics(模仿) the spirit of Disneyland? If you're looking for a dental office that provides the best care and the best environment, you're looking for Dr. Licking's office in Sunnyvale. Officer manager Judy, who has worked with Dr. Licking for 38 years, speaks highly of his kindness. She believes that the office is “the Disneyland of dentistry”. Everyone from children to their grandparents loves the environment and care they receive from this welcoming office. Dr. Licking is known as the best dental care provider for anyone who fears facing appointments with the dental office. The staff goes out of their way to make patients feel comfortable and at ease. Dr. Licking and Judy set the standard with their saying, “when someone comes to your home, you stand up and welcome them, like an old family friend.” Dr. Licking's office has all. They recently relocated to put the new equipment into their practice. The office is equipped with an intra-oral video camera, and as a patient you can get pictures of your teeth as you're walking out the door. Setting himself apart from other dentists. Dr. Licking continues his education beyond what is required. For this reason, he is one of few dentists in the country who offers ozone treatment. Ozone can naturally stop decay (蛀蚀) in its tracks. For more information on this new technology, visit their website at www.drjohnlicking.com.

Dr. Licking's office is Diamond Certified, an honor given only to companies with the higher quality after extensive and continual research. Dr. Licking's office extends an invitation to you to meet their gentle staff and offers you a free office visit, including x-rays and an exam. The office holds extended hours ranging from 7 a. m. to 8 p, m., Monday through Thursday. Don't worry if you have an emergency. Dr, Licking’s office responds to all emergencies and urgent calls. JOHN LICKING, D.D.S. Cosmetic & Family Dentistry since 1970 408—736—6235 drjohnlicking.com 877 W.Fremont Ave. Suite C3, Sunnyvale 56. What is special about the dental office? A. It has a caring environment. B. It is decorated like Disneyland. C. It uses the most advanced equipment. D. It provides service for both kids and old people.

57. What do we know about Dr. Licking? A. He has deceloped ozone treatment. B. He is the best dentist all over the country. C. He has been studying dentistry continuously. D. He has worked as a dentist for nearly 38 years.

58. The passage is written to ______. A. introduce a famous dentist B. show a new treatment for tooth decay C. advise people to have their teeth examed D. invite people to visit Dr. Licking's office B

The Come-back Coffeehouse The sign in the window read "Carl's Coffee Shoppe," spelled the old-fashioned way. Hallie shook her head and wondered how many times she had suggested an alternative. She entered the shop and saw only one person. "I could help with the books, Dad", Hallie offered, "There's not much you could do." Her father signed. "How about if you clean the counters instead?" His statement made her feel like a little girl instead of a senior in high school. Hallie sprayed some cleanser and ran a cloth over the worn countertops, After she had washed a few of the old eggshell-colored cups, she began her homework. At closing time, Hallie's parents sat beside her. "You know the shop has not been profitable lately," Mr. Rhodes began. "We need to decide if it is even worth keeping it open." "We're going to visit Uncle Harold over spring vacation." Mrs, Rhodes continued. "He can look over the books and tell us what our options are. You and Aunt Tess will run the shop for the week." By spring vacation Hallie was ready for an adventure. Hllie's parents gave some instructions, and said good-bye. Hallie stared absently out the window at the passersby: young people on their way to work, and kids on their school vacation. They were not the same people that her grandpa Carl had served. Suddenly Hallie had an idea. She confided in Aunt Tess, who approved. The two eagerly set to work. At the end of the week, Hallie was coming out from the kitchen when she saw her parents standing in the shop, confused. She smiled as her parents staredat the teens around the counter and the young families seated at the tables. "Welcome back!" Hallie swept her arms to present the restaurant'scheerful new decoration. Bright, attractive coverings spread over the tables, and modern posters hung on the walls, while, colorful mismatched dishes contributed to the pleasant atmosphere." I brought board games from home," Hallie added excitedly, "and the bookstore down the street donated the posters. When we talked to our friendsabout what we were doing, they were happy to give us some dishes." Hallieheld her breath as she waited for her parents' reaction.

"Everyone certainly seems to like the changes," noted Mrs. Rhodes. "Speaking of changes," Mr. Rhodes said, "I see our name has changed, too." "Do you mind? I changed our name to 'Come-Back Coffeehouse' to make the shop sound welcoming, as in 'Please come back again'..." A smile spread across her father's face. “The new name is fitting.” Thanks to you, this place certainly has made a comeback!"

59. What can we infer from the first two paragraphs? A. Hallie trusted Aunt Tess very much. B. Hallie took charge of the books for her parents. C. Hallie's parents didn't take her opinions seriously. D. Hallie's parents didn't count on the shop for a living.

60. What do we learn about "Carl's Coffee Shoppe"? A. It is behind the times. B. It has regular customers. C. It is located on a quiet street. D. It follows family traditions well.

61. What did Hallie do after her parents left? A. She advertised for the shop. B. She made the shop more attractive. C. She invited her friends to the shop. D. She turned the shop into an activity center.

62. What kind of girl in Hallie? A. Smart and helpful. C. Optimistic and generous. B. Modest and out-going. D. Faithful and hardworking. C Music for Humans and Humpback Whales As researchers conclude in Science, the love of music is not only a universal feature of the human species, but is also deeply fixed in complex structures of the human

brain, and is far more ancient than previously suspected. In the articles that discuss the field of bio-musicology, the study of the biological basis for the creation and appreciation of music, researchers present various evidence to, show that music-making is at once an original human "business", and an art form with skillful performers throughout the animal kingdom. The new reports stress that humans hold no copyright on sound wisdom, and that a number of nonhuman animals produce what can rightly be called music, rather than random sound. Recent in-depth analyses of the songs sung by humpback whales show that, even when their organ would allow them to do otherwise, the animals converge on the same choices relating to sounds and beauty, and accept the same laws of song composition as those preferred by human musicians, and human ears, everywhere. For example, male humpback whales, who spend six months of each year doing little else but singing, use rhythms (节奏) similar to those found in human music and musical phrases of similar length—a few seconds. Whales are able to make sounds over a range of at least seven octaves (八度音阶), yet they tend to move on through a song in beautiful musical intervals, rather than moving forwards madly. They mix the sounds like drums and pure tones in a ratio (比例) which agrees with that heard in much western music. They also use a favorite technique of human singers, the so-called A-B-A form, in which a theme is stated, then developed, and then returned to in slightly revised form. Perhaps most impressive, humpback songs contain tunes that rhyme. "This suggests that whales use rhyme in the same way we do: as a technique in poem to help them remember complex material," the researchers write. 63. The underlined words "converge on" in Paragraph 3 probably means__________. A. tend towards B. refer to C. turn into D. put forward

64. Which of the following shows the advanced musical ability in humpback whales? A. They can remember complex material.

B. They can create pleasing patterns of music. C. They can make sounds like drums continuously. D. They can sing along with rhythms of western music.

65. What is the main idea of the article? A. Animals are able to compose and enjoy music like humans. B. Human beings borrow ideas in music from humpback whales. C. Humpback whales are skillful performers in the animal kingdom. D. Music-making it an ancient activity of both humans and animals.

66. The main purpose of the passage is to __________. A. argue and discuss C. compare and advertise B. inform and explain D. examine and assess

D The U. S. Postal Service (USPS) is losing billions of dollars a year. The government company that delivers "small mail" is losing out to email and other types of electronic communication. First-class mail amount fell from a high point of 104 million pieces in 2000 to just 64 million pieces by 2014. Congress permits the 600.000-empIoyee USPS to hold a monopoly (垄断) over first-class and standard mail. The company pays no federal, state or local taxes; pays no vehicle fees; and is free from many regulations on other businesses. Despite these advantages, the USPS has lost $52 billion since 2007, and will continue losing money without major reforms. The problem is that Congress is preventing the USPS from reducing costs as its sales decline, and is blocking efforts to end Saturday service and close unneeded post office locations. USPS also has a costly union-dominated workforce that slows the introduction of new ideas or methods down. USPS workers earn significantly higher payment than comparable private-sector workers. The answer is to privatize the USPS and open postal markets to competition. With the rise of the Internet, the argument

that mail is a natural monopoly that needs government protection is weaker than ever. Other countries facing declining letter amounts have made reforms Germany and the Netherlands privatized their national postal companies over a decade ago, and other European countries have followed suit. Britain floated shares of the Royal Mail on its stock exchange in 2013. Some countries, such us Sweden and New Zealand, have not privatized their national postal companies, but they have opened them up to competition. These reforms have driven efficiency improvements in all of these countries. Additional number of workers have been reduced, productivity has risen and consumers have benefited. Also, note that cost-cutting measures—such as closing tone post offices—are good for both the economy and the environment. Privatization and competition also encourage new changes. When the USPS monopoly over "extremely urgent" mail was stopped in 1979, we saw an explosion in efficient overnight private delivery by firms such as FedEx. The government needs to wake up to changing technology, study postal reforms abroad and let businessmen reinvent our out-of-date postal system. 67. What do we know about the USPS? A. Its great competitor is the delivery firm FedEx. B. It is an old public service open to competitions. C. Its employees don't pay federal, state or local taxes. D. It has complete control of first-class and standard mail.

68. The author mentions some other countries in Paragraph 4 to __________. A. explain the procedures of reform to the USPS B. show the advantages of private postal services C. set some examples for the government to learn from D. prove the situation is very common around the world

69. The author probably that the USPS __________. A. needs government’s protection as ever

B. can work together with other businesses C. must be replaced by international companies D. should be sold out and become a private service

70. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?

A.

B.

C. I: Introduction Sp: Sub-point (次要点)

D. CP: Central point P: Point C: Conclusion

第二节(共5 小题;每小题2 分,共10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。

What Is Emotional Eating? Emotional eating is when people use food as a way to deal with feelings instead of satisfying hunger. __71__ Have you ever finished a whole bag of chips out of boredom or downed cookie after cookie while preparing for a big test? But when done a lot — especially without realizing it — emotional eating can affect weight, health, and overall well-being. Not many of us make the connection between eating and our feelings. __72__ One of the biggest myths about emotional eating is that it’s caused by negative feelings. Yes, people often turn to food when they’re stressed out, lonely, sad, anxious, or bored. But emotional eating can be linked to positive feelings too, like the romance of sharing dessert on Valentine’s Day or the celebration of a holiday feast. Sometimes emotional eating is tied to major life events, like a death or a divorce. __73__ Emotional eating patterns can be learned: A child who is given candy after a big achievement may grow up using candy as a reward for a job well done. __74__ It’s not easy to “unlearn” patterns of emotional eating. But it is possible. And it starts with an awareness of what’s going on. We’re all emotional eaters to a degree. But for some people emotional eating can be a real problem, causing serious weight gain or other problems. The trouble with emotional eating is that once the pleasure of eating is gone, the feelings that cause it remain. __75__ That’s why it helps to know the difference between physical hunger and emotional hunger. Next time you reach for a snack, wait and think about which type of hunger is driving it. A. Believe it or not, we’ve all been there. B. If a crying boy gets some cookies, he may link cookies with comfort. C. One study found that people who eat food like pizza become happy afterwards. D. And you often may feel worse about eating the amount or type of food you like.

E. Understanding what drives emotional eating can help people take steps to change it. F. Boys seem to prefer hot, homemade comfort meals, while girls go for chocolate and ice cream. G. More often, though, it’s the countless little daily stresses that cause someone to seek comfort in food.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节(15 分) 美国友好校学生来你校参加为期一周的艺术交流活动,你负责接待并致辞。 发言内容包括: 1.表示欢迎; 2.简要介绍学校的某艺术社团的基本情况(例如:合唱团、戏剧社、舞蹈队、 书画社等); 3.表示美好祝愿。 注意:1.词数不少于50; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear friends, ______________________________________________________________ (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内) 第二节(20 分) 假如你是红星中学高三1 班的李华。请按以下四幅图的顺序,给你校“英语 园地”投稿,介绍上学期你们班参加学校组织的“2015,中国”的主题板报的比赛 过程。 注意: 1.词数不少于60; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。 3.提示词:阅兵式military parade

Last term, our school held a blackboard newspaper contest on “Unforgettable 2015 in China”._____________________________________

北京市东城区2016 年高三一模答案与解析

英语
第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节:1-5. CAABC 第二节:6-10. BAACA 11-15. CBCBB 第三节: 16. Ocean 17. Cooper 18. fifth/ 5th 19. fish 20. Wednesday/ Wed. 第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共15 小题:每小题1 分,共15 分) 21-25. DBCBC 26-30. DBCDA 31-35. ABAAD 第二节:完形填空(共20 小题:每小题1.5 分,共30 分) 36-40. DACBD 41-45. ACBDC 46-50. DCBAB 51-55. CDBAD 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共15 小题:每小题2 分,共30 分) 56-60. ACDCA 61-65. BAABD 66-70. BDCDB 第二节(共5 小题:每小题2 分,共10 分) 71-75. AEGBD

2016.4

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
第一节单项填空(共15 小题:每小题1 分,共15 分) 从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21 【答案】D 【翻译】Kimberly 正在写文章,别去打扰她。 【解析】本题考查时态,根据句意,选用现在进行时,表示说话时刻正在进行的 动作。A would write 过去将来时,必须和一般过去时结合使用,表示过去的将

来;B writes 一般现在时,表示经常、习惯的动作;客观真理;现在的事实或状 态;代替一般将来时;C wrote 一般过去时,表示过去的动作,与现在无关。 22 【答案】B 【翻译】Robert 的童年非常愉快,他在一所舒适的面朝大海的房子里长大。 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词在此作状语,与逻辑主语Robert 之 间是主动的,所以排除B grown 过去分词;A grew 一般过去时,不是非谓语动 词;D to grow 在时间上表示将来,而此题表示的是一个事实,所以选择growing 现在分词,用来表示主动且事实。 23 【答案】C 【翻译】这个世界并不总是我们所希望的那样。 【解析】本题考查表语从句。表语从句be 动词后缺少表语,所以使用连接代词, 连接代词B/C 的区别在于两点:一翻译:which 意为“哪一个”, what 意为“什 么”;二有无范围;which 有范围, what 无范围,所以本题选择what。 24 【答案】B 【翻译】在未来几年,北京将建设更多的地铁线路使交通更便利。 【解析】本题考查时态,根据时间状语in the coming years 判断为一般将来时, “地铁线路”是“被建造”,因此选择一般将来时的被动语态。 25 【答案】C 【翻译】这台电脑和我上一份工作中使用的电脑不一样。 【解析】本题考查时态,从“我上一份工作中使用的电脑”判断“使用”是过去 的动作, 因此选择一般过去时。 26 【答案】D 【翻译】由于他长期和他奶奶住在一起,他强烈的希望拥有自己的家。 【解析】本题考查并列连词,“他强烈的希望拥有自己的家”的原因是“他长期

和他奶奶住在一起”, 所以选择for“因此”,A or “或者;否则”;B and“并 且”;C so “因此”。 27 【答案】B 【翻译】—明天的历史考试,你准备好了吗? —真希望时光能退回去呀。 【解析】本题考查虚拟语气。wish 后的虚拟语气,如果跟现在相反,用did/were; 跟过去相反,用had done;跟将来相反,用would/could/might do; 根据句意, 我是希望时间“将来”能退回去,因此选择B could turn。 28 【答案】C 【翻译】Meyer 和他的团队是第一个展示了这种疾病是如何从动物传染给人类 的。 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词,非谓语动词作定语前有the only, the last, the next, the first, the best 等序数词或形容词最高级时,必须用不定式。 29 【答案】D 【翻译】—嘿,洗刷的工作已经被做完了! — 那一定是Cynthis 做的,她总是乐于助人。 【解析】本题考查情态动词表推测,根据句意,语气非常肯定,所以选择D must have been 表示对过去非常肯定的推测, A need have done 意为“本来需要 做…,而没做”只能用作虚拟语气,不能表推测;B could have done 可以表推 测, 但是语气不确定;也可以表示虚拟语气, 意为“本来能做…,而没做…”;

D should have done 意为“本来应该做…,而没做” 只能用作虚拟语气,不能 表推测。 30 【答案】A 【翻译】—房间看起来更大了!

—我们换了家具。 【解析】本题考查时态,根据句意,家具是“过去”换的,但是对现在造成了影 响,即“房间看起来更大了”,因此选择A 现在完成时,表示过去发生的动作, 对现在的影响。 31 【答案】A 【翻译】找到一个适合所有人的时间会很难。 【解析】本题考查定语从句。定语从句缺少主语,所以此时应该考虑关系代词, 排除B/D 两个关系副词,C what 不能引导定语从句,也予以排除,因此答案选 择A。 32 【答案】B 【翻译】我们强烈建议你不要那么晚吃饭。不利于健康。 【解析】本题考查介词。advise doing sth/advise sb (not) to do sth/advise sb against doing sth 为advise 的固定词组,against 在此表示“反对,对抗”。 33 【答案】A 【翻译】给图片上色能让孩子们快乐好几个小时。 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词,非谓语动词在此作使役动词keep 的补语,要判 断宾语children 和补语amuse 的关系,从Children are amused.可以判断,两 者是被动的关系,所以选择过去分词A amused。 34 【答案】A 【翻译】电脑的使用,是更多的人在家里办公成为可能。 【解析】本题考查代词,it 在此作形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的不定式to work at home,有些可以加宾补的动词,如make, consider, keep, think of 如果宾语 太长,常常借助于代词it 使其作形式宾语,而将真正的宾语放在后面。 35 【答案】D

【翻译】Muir 在别的设计师失败的地方成功了—她的服装是新颖的、流行的。 【解析】本题考查状语从句,根据句意,Muir 在别的设计师失败的“地方”成 功了,所以选择where 用来引导地点状语从句,A/B/D 都不能引导状语从句。

第二节完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5 分,共30 分) 作者在一次赛跑中腿部受伤仍坚持爬过终点线,从而对人生有了更深刻的感悟。 36 【答案】D 【解析】根据第一句I will never forget the November day. 37 【答案】A 【解析】介词for 表“为了……” 38 【答案】C 【解析】 情感线索, 结合排除法, 爸爸此时的心情既担心又感到兴奋。 amusement 娱乐 39 【答案】B 【解析】根据后一句I had never before been ready for something. 所以刚开始 跑的时候作者感觉很好。 40 【答案】D 【解析】很简单,根据尝试就可以做出来,为了比赛而训练。 41 【答案】A 【解析】我朋友们理解我为实现梦想而做出的牺牲。 42 【答案】C 【解析】在我所有的比赛中,我开始的时候并没有领先,我喜欢赶超别人。 43

【答案】B 【解析】could 过去的能力,我能看到终点线。 44 【答案】D 【解析】glory 光荣,荣誉。此句话意思是我要做最后的冲刺了,很快就能取得 胜利的荣誉。 45 【答案】C 【解析】我的腿不能支撑住我身体的重量。 46 【答案】D 【解析】尽管我知道我已无缘夺冠,但是我还要继续完成比赛。 47 【答案】C 【解析】作者尽全力,用手和膝盖朝终点爬去。 48 【答案】B 【解析】foreign 在这里不是国外的,是和familiar 相对,意为陌生的 49 【答案】A 【解析】keep going 继续保持,作者此时是爬行,所以不选running 50 【答案】B 【解析】根据下一句I whisper,可知选择talk 51 【答案】C 【解析】根据下文you could never disappoint me. 52 【答案】D

【解析】这种事难免发生,重要的是你要尽最大努力。 53 【答案】B 【解析】work hard 努力 54 【答案】A 【解析】没过多久我又穿上了跑鞋,开始了一段新的征程。 55 【答案】D 【解析】此句是文章的升华,把race 上升到人生高度。 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) A 篇New Way to experience Dentistry 本文介绍了一家比较受欢迎的牙科诊所,题目比较简单。 56 题细节题正确答案为:A 答案出自文章的第一段第三行,“a dental office that provides the best care and the best environment.”与选项中的A 选项表述相符。 57 题细节题正确答案为:C 答案出自第五段,“Dr. Licking continues his education beyond what is required.” 并且根据下文可知,他学习的东西仍然是有关于牙科的,与C 选项表述符合。 58 题主旨题正确答案为:D 整篇文章都是对Dr. Licking 这家牙科诊所的介绍,并且倒数第二段出现了 “Dr. Licking’s office extends an invitation to you to meet their gentle staff and offers you a free office visit,…” 说明了此篇文章的写作目的。 B 篇 本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了女孩Hallie 家的咖啡店原本经营不善,后来在 Hallie 的帮助下,生意逐渐好转的故事。 59 题细节题正确答案为:C 根据第二段第一行Hallie 主动提供帮助,但是她的爸爸回答她“There’s not much you could do. How about you clean the counters instead.”可知答案,符

合C 选项中的Hallie’s parents didn’t take her opinions seriously. 60 题细节题正确答案为:A 根据第三段可知,咖啡店依然保留着Hallie 的祖父Carl 时代的装修风格,可知 答案,符合A 中的It is behind the times. “它已经过时了”。 61 题细节题正确答案为:B 根据第五段第二行可知, Hallie 趁父母不在的时候,对咖啡店做了一系列的改 变。Bright, attractive coverings spread over the tables, and modern posters hung on the walls…可知答案,符合B 中的She made the shop more attractive. “Hallie 使咖啡店更具吸引力”。 62 题推理题正确答案为:A Hallie 在父母离开后,通过观察,发现她家的咖啡店不符合年轻人的审美,于是 在装修上做出了一系列的改变,使得咖啡店的生意好转,可知Hallie 很聪明,而 且对生意很有帮助,故选择A. Smart and helpful. C 篇Music for Humans and Humpback Whales 本文属于科普类说明文,全篇以Humpback Whales(座头鲸)为例阐述了 动物和人类一样具备音乐创作的能力。 63 题词义推断题正确答案为:A 该词在文章第三段,联系前后文可知,深入分析Humpback Whales 会发现:它 们都趋向于发出那种动听悦耳、被大众喜爱的声音。 64 题细节题正确答案为:B 根据第四段可知Humpback Whales 能够灵活运用节奏、音阶,以及声音的表现 形式,使发声动听优美。 65 题主旨大意题正确答案为:D 第二段最后一句引出全篇要说明的话题:创作音乐并非专属人类世界,动物世界 也同样存在。接下来,全文围绕这一观点进行说明。 66 题文章结构题正确答案为:B 根据全文可知,前两段提出要阐述的话题,之后以Humpback Whales 为例进一 步说明这一事实。 D 篇

本文为议论文,主要论述了如何解决USPS 在经营上遇到的问题。 67 题细节题正确答案为:D 答案在第二段第一句,USPS 垄断了“first-class and standard mail”。 68 题写作意图题正确答案为:C 第四段写到其他遇到相同问题的国家都是如何解决的,以此可以推断出是希望 “政府看到这些例子并效仿”。 69 题观点态度题正确答案为:D 文章第四段中,作者认为解决USPS 的问题,政府应该向这些国家学习,那么 可推理出这些国家的做法是作者认可的,这些国家的做法可总结为两种:私有化 和脱离政府的庇护进入竞争市场。因此答案是D。 70 题文章结构题正确答案为:B 全文一共七段,第一段和第二段是背景信息,属于Introduction,第三段属于 Central point,第四五段是P1,第六段是P2,第七段进行总结属于Conclusion。 第二节七选五(共5 小题;每小题2 分,共10 分)What Is Emotional Eating 本次七选五依然为常考的说明文,说明了“借吃消愁”的现象及其发生的原 因和危害。整体难度不大。 71 题 【答案】A 【解析】本段为总起,引起共鸣,A 选项中的“we’ve all been there.”的意思是 我们都曾经在不开心时候通过吃东西发泄,接下来马上就举了几个例子,因此A 正确。 72 题 【答案】E 【解析】本段讲解“借吃消愁”的原因,选项E 是下面观点的一个总起,接下 来具体地说明原因,因此合适。选项中what drives 对应文中空后一句中的 caused。 73 题 【答案】G 【解析】转折,空前说major life events,G 选项中用though 进行转折,little daily

stresses 与其对应。 74 题 【答案】B 【解析】本段用小孩子的举例,前一句说如果小时候孩子被用糖果奖赏,长大就 容易保持这样的习惯,B 相应地说如果孩子在哭的时候得到饼干作为安慰,那 就 会把饼干和安慰联系在一起。 75 题 【答案】D 【解析】本段讲这样做的危害,D 选项也是讲危害。后面的that’s why 支撑了这 D 选项的观点。

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节:应用文写作(15 分) 考核题材为欢迎致辞。难度较大,容易出现赘述或表达不得当等现象。重要 要点如下: 1. 欢迎:Welcome to our one-week Art Festival! 2. 简要介绍学校某艺术团的基本情况,既可以选择写列举中的也可以写列举之 外的。但不能把列举项逐一翻译。 3. 表达美好祝愿:We hope you can enjoy … / Best wishes and have fun! One Possible Version: Dear friends, Welcome to our one week Art Festival! Our school offers a wide variety of art programs. The drama club is among the best. It has been giving nice performances nationwide. And you will get a chance to watch their shows. Of course, we are looking forward to appreciating your wonderful performance as well! We hope you can enjoy the Art Festival as much as we do. Best wishes and have fun! 第二节:情景写作(20 分) 学校活动类话题,参加学校组织的“2015,中国”的主题板报比赛活动。难

度适中, 场景涵盖班会、 讨论、 分工合作及颁奖四大写作高频场景。 写作要点有: 1. at the class meeting, our teacher told us about …, the blackboard newspaper contest 2. class discussion, lots of ideas popped into our minds, military parade, Winter Olympic 3. got down to work, wrote the events, decorated it with beautiful drawings 4. won the first prize, be proud of our teamwork One Possible Version: Last term, our school held a blackboard newspaper contest on “Unforgettable 2015 in China”. At the class meeting, our teacher told us about the activity, saying that the year, 2015 was really a memorable year. In the afternoon, the ideas of the military parade and the Winter Olympic Games came to us immediately. When the designing work was done, we set about working on the blackboard. We took on different tasks. Besides writing down the main events of the year neatly on the blackboard, we also decorated it with beautiful drawings. Thanks to our hard work, our design finally won the first prize. We were not only proud of our teamwork but also deeply impressed by the great achievements of our country. (试卷为手动录入,难免存在细微差错, 如您发现试卷中的问题,敬请谅解!)


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