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牛津译林 模块五 二单元 M5U2 Task


Task
Designing a poster

In order to raise people’s awareness of environmental protection, posters are needed.

Skills buildings 1: reading for information


Desertification

There are 11.9 million km2 of land with about 1.4 billion inhabitants under very high risk.

Sahara Desert

What causes desertification?
? People plant too much on the land without giving it a rest. ? Too many animals depend on the same land to eat. ? People cut down trees for fuel and to make space for more farms.

Read the article and answer the following questions.
1.What is desertification? The name for what happens when land that can be used to grow crops turns into desert.

2. What has China done to fight desertification? 1.encouraging farmers to build fences,

2.providing money for people in dry areas to plant more trees and bushes, planting a “Green Wall” of plants and bushes in the north-east part of the country

3.spending money trying to find and drill for underground water.

The China National Desertification Monitoring Center

1. better administration of areas that are likely to turn into desert 2. train people in how to use water without wasting it 3. sharing information between countries and using satellites to pick out areas likely to be affected by desertification.

1.This is one of he cheapest and best ways of decreasing desertification.

The price of petrol No 90 has decreased ____ 3.55 to yuan. The price of petrol No. 90 has decreased ____ 0.12 by yuan.

on the decrease decrease in sth.

a decrease in China’s one-child policy results in _____________ birth rate. The birth rate across the world is on the decrease _____________.

2. The centre has over 300 scientists devoted to finding measures that will stop desertification. n. 措施 采取措施做某事 take/adopt measures to do….

v. 测量
这个房间有10米宽。 The room measures 10 meters across. A big elephant weighs 10,880 kilograms. She was disappointed because her grades didn’t measure up to her expectation. 达到预期要求,符合标准

The school advisers help you talk through your problem but they don’t give you any direct ______. (2010浙江) A. solution B. target C. measure D. function 解析:solution解决方法;target目标; measure措施;function功能。根据句意: 学校的建议者们帮助你分析问题,但是他 们不会给你直接的解决方法。答案选A。

3. … between countries and using satellites to pick out areas likely to be affected by desertification.
找出,挑出

Can you pick out these characters? 辨认出 It’s easy to pick him out in a crowd because he is very tall.

pick up I will pick you up at five.

He picked up the phone and dialed the number.
I picked up a little Japanese when I was seeing the animation.

I seemed to pick up a bad cold somewhere.
She didn’t lose her heart. Instead, she picked herself up and moved on.

? It was so dark in the cinema that

I could hardly ______ my friend.
(2007四川) A. turn out B. bring out

C. call out

D. pick out

? It was so dark in the cinema that

I could hardly ______ my friend.
(2007四川) A. turn out B. bring out

C. call out

D. pick out

? This picture was taken a long time

ago. I wonder if you can _______
my father. A. find out (2005 湖北) B. pick out

C. look out

D. speak out

? This picture was taken a long time

ago. I wonder if you can _______
my father. A. find out (2005 湖北) B. pick out

C. look out

D. speak out

? She ______ Japanese when she

was in Japan. Now, she can speak
it freely. A. picked out (2006 福建) B. made out

C. made up

D. picked up

? She ______ Japanese when she

was in Japan. Now, she can speak
it freely. A. picked out (2006 福建) B. made out

C. made up

D. picked up

Skills buildings 2: listening and drawing conclusions

Read these sentences. What can you conclude?
1. I’ve just been to the hospital, and the doctor asked me to take some medicine.
What happened to the speaker?

The speaker is ill.

2. W: When will the film start? M: In two minutes. Ticket, please. What is the woman going to do?
The woman is going to see a film.

3. W: The light will be shut off at ten to eleven. M: So we’ve got only a quarter of an hour left. What time is it now? It’s 10:35 now.

Listen to the news report again. Tick (√) the boxes of the conclusions that can be drawn from it.

Answers
1. √ 2. √ 4. √

Step 2: listening to a lecture What is the relationship between the word “desert” and “desertification”?
A desert is a landscape or region that receives an extremely low amount of rainwater, less than enough to support growth of most plants.
Desertification is the process which turns productive into non- productive desert as a result of poor land-management.

Where does desertification occur in China?

Listen to a lecture and answer the questions.
1.How many people are affected by desertification every year? It affects around two hundred and fifty million people every year.

3. Where does it happen? Although desertification can happen everywhere, it is an especially big problem in Africa and parts of South America. It is a problem in China as well. 4. How are the people living in desert areas affected by it? They may lose their homes and farms because the land is too dry to use. Many families starve, and others move to the cities to find work.

5. Why does it happen? Because the weather has changed. However, The actions of humans are making the Problem of desertification much worse.

6. Who should be concerned?
Everyone should be concerned.

Skills buildings 3: presenting your point of view
How can you make others accept your idea? How do you explain your point of views politely?

I think / I believe … Personally, I feel … It seems to me that … I can’t help thinking that … From my point of view, … To my knowledge / To be frank / To be honest, … As for me, …

It’s our duty to protect our environment.

The earth is not only the home of human being, but also the home of all creatures. every citizen shall fulfill well our responsibility for the environment, starting from our oneself and small things, respecting and complying with (顺应) the nature, and making contributions to a beautiful China with blue sky, green land and clean water.

Discuss the list of things people can do to help the environment.

Recycle paper and glass Use both sides of a piece of paper

Save paper, save the planet

ecosystem

Any other things we can do to protect our forests?

Throwaway chopsticks lead to the forest decrease.

Use the underground or buses instead of cars

Walk or ride a bike everywhere

Cars give off green house gases

The Greenhouse Effect 温室效应

Global warming

I suggest that everyone have/lead a low-carbon life from now on. 低碳生活

If possible, wash full loads(装载) in the washing machine, as one full load uses less energy than two half loads.

Use energy saving light bulbs, as they last up to 10 times longer than ordinary bulbs.

conserve water

Turn off the water when you are brushing your teeth

Shorten your shower by a minute or two and you’ll save up to 150 gallons (567 liters) per month.

Take a bag with you when you go shopping use fewer plastic bags to reduce white pollution

use recyclable products

Recycled products


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