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必修 1 My first day at senior high Module 1 单元语法项目讲解 【语法】一般现在时:1. 表示经常性、习惯性、反复性发生的动作. I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 2. 表示主语现在的特性、性格或说话时的感觉、状态。 I feel very cold. 3. 表示客观事实或普遍真理. Th

e earth moves around the sun. 4. 表示已经做出的决定、安排好的事情、将来预计要发生 的情况。这些词如 start, begin, finish, leave, move, take 等。 The train arrives at 8:30 and leaves at 8:45. 5. 用在时间、条件等状语从句中代替将来时态. We will give him the message after he finishes dinner. 6. 表示瞬间的现在,动作的完成几乎和说话时同时进行 的。能这样用的一半 I declare the meeting open. 【经典例题】 ——Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend?(2008 上海) ——Terry? Never! She ____ tents and fresh air. A. has hated B. hated C. will hate D. hates As you can see, the number of cars on our roads____ rising these days.(2006 全国一) A. was keeping B. keep C. keeps D. were keeping The machine ___. It’s hasn’t worked for years. (2006 浙江) A. didn’t work B. wasn’t working C. doesn’t work D. isn’t working Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 ____ off at 18:20. A. Takes B. Took C. Will be taken D. Has taken 【课上练习】 1 Jenny ____ in an office. Her parents ____in a hospital. A work works B works work C work are working D is working work 2 One of the boys_____ a black hat. A have B there is C there are D has 3 we will go shopping if it____ tomorrow. A don't rain B didn't rain C doesn't rain D isn't rain 4 He said the sun ____in the east and ____in the west. A rose; set B rises; sets C rises, set D rise; sets 5 Wang Mei ____ music and often ____ to music. A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening D liking ; listen 6 Jenny____ English every evening. A has study B studies C study D studied 7. The medicine____ terrible, but it is good for your cold. A. tastes B. is tasting C. is tasted. D. tasted

8. The teacher told us that light___ faster than sound. A. travels B. traveled C. would travel D. is traveling 9.——Can I help you, sir?——Yes. I bought this radio here last week, but it____ A. doesn’t work B. didn’t work C. can’t work D. won’t work 10. The house belongs to my aunt but she___ here any more. A. was keeping B. keep C. keeps D. were keeping 【课后练习】 1. My father as well as his three children____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 2. My parents ______ in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. (2009 天津) A. live B. Lived C. Were living D. Will live 3. Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future ______to the well — educated. (2009 重庆) A. belongs B. is belonged C. is belonging D. Will be belonged 4. According to the literary review, Shakespeare ______ his characters live through their language in his plays. (2009 福建) A. will make B. had made C. was making D. Makes 5. We live day by day, but in the great things, the time of days and weeks ________ so small that a day is unimportant.(2007 湖南) A. is B. are C. has been D. have been 6. A survey of the opinions of experts ______that three hours of outdoor exercise a week_______ good for one’s health. (2007 江西) A. show; are B. shows; is C. show; is D. shows; are 7. The father as well as his three children_____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter.(2006 辽宁) A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 8. This machine _______. It hasn’t worked for years. (2006 浙江) A. didn’t work B. wasn’t working C. doesn’t work D. isn’t working 9. Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 _______ off at 18:20. (2006 四川) A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken 10. Nowadays, a large number of women, especially those from the countryside, ____ _____ in the clothing industry.(2005 辽宁) A. is working B. works C. work D. worked 11. I ______ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. (2001) A. will play B. have played C. played D. play 12—Can I help you, sir? — Yes. I bought this radio here yesterday, but it ______. (1996) A. didn't work B. won't work C. can't work D. doesn't work 13.—Can I join your club, Dad? — You can when you ______ a bit older. (1994) A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got 14. Do you like the material? (1994)

Yes, it ______ very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt 【语法】现在进行时: 1. 表示说话时正在进行的动作。 We are having an English lesson now. 2. 表示现阶段正在进行的动作,虽然此时此刻这一动作不一定正在进行 。 The workers are building a new factory. 3. 少数动词:go, come, leave, arrive, return, begin, do, die, lose 等。 My uncle is coming back from abroad. 4. 表示反复发生的动作。 John is thinking of others all the time 约翰总是为别人着想 5. 表示一种委婉语气,hope, want, wonder 等少数动词用于现在进行时,语气比 一般现在时更委婉 I am hoping you can come and have supper with us.我正希望你能来和我们一起 吃个晚饭. 【经典例题】 Would you please keep silent? The weather report____ and I want to listen. A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast ——Why don’t we choose that road to save time? ——The bridge to it____. A. Has repaired B. Is repaired C. Is being repaired D. Will be repaired Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane ____. A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off 【课上练习】 1. with more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth ______ each year. (2005 山东) A. is washing away B. is being washed away C. are washing away D. are being washed away 2. — Hi, Terry, can I use your computer for a while this afternoon? — Sorry. .(2009 江苏) A. It’s repaired B. It has been repaired C. It's being repaired D. It had been repaired 3. — why don’t we choose that road to save time? (2009 四川) — The bridge to it __________. A. has repaired B. is repaired C. Is being repaired D. Will be repaired 4. —do you think we should accept that offer? —Yes, we should, for we ______ such bad luck up till now, and time ______ out. (2008 江西) A. have had; is running B. had; is running C. have; has been run D. have had; has been run 5. Teenagers ______ their health because they play computer games too much. (2008 重庆) A. have damaged B. are damaging C. damaged D. will damage 6. — have you got any job offers? (2008 辽宁)

— No. I ______. A. waited B. had been waiting C. have waited D. am waiting 7. — I don’t suppose the police know who did it. — Well, surprisingly they do. A man has been arrested and ________ now. (2006 江苏) A. has been questioned B. is being questioned C. is questioning D. has questioned 8.They _______ on the program for almost one week before I joined them, and now We ______ on it as no good results have come out so far. (2005 江苏) A. had been working; are still working B. had worked; were still working C. have been working; have worked D. have worked; are still working 9. Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn't stopped ringing. People _____ to ask how I am going to spend the money. (2005 湖南) A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning 10. Listen to the two girls by the window. What language _____? (2005 全国) A. did they speak B. were they speaking C. are they speaking D. have they been speaking 【课后练习】 1.All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctor, her nervousness__ ____.(2003) A. has grown B. is growing C. grew D. had grown 2. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ______ so rapidly. (2001) A. is changing B. has changed C. will have changed D. will change 3 — is this raincoat yours? — No, mine ______ there behind the door. (1997) A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung 4. I don't really work here; I ______ until the new secretary arrives. (1994) A. just help out B. have just helped out C. am just helping out D. will just help out 5. Jack is_____ with Jim. They are good____. A: running; friend B: running; friends C: running; friends D: run; friends 6. Look! Mary____ doing____ homework. A: is; one's B: is; her C: are; his D: are; her 7. The Greens____ supper now. A: is having B: are; having C: is having D: are; having 8. The children are____ TV. A: watch B: seeing C: watching D: reading 9. Are the boys looking at the blackboard? Yes, they____. A: aren't B: do C: don't D: are 10. There’s____girl, she is very tall. A: second B: two C: a second D: all second 11--Do you have a red pen?Which of the following is wrong? --____. A: Yes; I have one B: Yes, I have it C: Yes, I do D: Sorry, I don't

12--Excuse me. May I borrow a pen, please? --____. A: It doesn't matter B: Thank you C: Certainly, here you are D: Not at all. 13. The boy is late for class. So he says to the teacher,"________". A: I’m sorry B: Excuse me, May I come in? C: Let me in, D:I don't want to be late. 14.I don't want a red apple. I want____. A: green apple B: a green C: a green one D: one green


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