当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine

About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine


About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine
Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 (300 years after the death of Galileo) in Oxford, England. His parents' house was in north London, but during the Second World War Oxford was considered a safer place to have babies. When he was eight, his family moved to St Albans, a town about 20 miles north of London. At eleven Stephen went to St Albans School, and then on to University College, Oxford, his father's old college. Stephen wanted to do Mathematics, although his father would have preferred medicine. Mathematics was not available at University College, so he did Physics instead. After three years and not very much work he was awarded a first class honours degree in Natural Science.

Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology, there being no-one working in that area in Oxford at the time. His supervisor was Denis Sciama, although he had hoped to get Fred Hoyle who was working in Cambridge. After gaining his Ph.D. he became first a Research Fellow, and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973 Stephen came to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, and since 1979 has held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. The chair was founded in 1663 with money left in the will of the Reverend Henry Lucas, who had been the Member of Parliament for the University. It was first held by Isaac Barrow, and then in 1663 by Isaac Newton.

Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear.

Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.

His many publications include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, with W Israel, and 300 Years of Gravity, with W Israel. Stephen Hawking has two popular books published; his best seller A Brief History of Time, and his later book, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays.

Professor Hawking has twelve honorary degrees, was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a Companion of Honour in 1989. He is the recipient of many awards, medals and prizes and is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences.

Stephen Hawking continues to combine family life (he has three children and one grandchild), and his research into theoretical physics together with an extensive programme of travel and public lectures.


更多相关文档:

a brief history of world commercial fishing

A BRIEF HISTORY OF ... 11页 1下载券 喜欢此文档的还喜欢 新视野大学英语听说教程... 4页 免费a​ ​b​r​i​e​f​ ​h​i​s...

甘肃省定西市通渭县马营中学2015-2016学年高二英语上学...

B When Stephen Hawking published A Brief History of Time in 1989, the reactions of the public were quite different from those of scientific circles. ...

About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine

About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine_文学研究_人文社科_专业资料。人教版 九年级英语下 课件 备课资料About Stephen - A Brief History of Mine Stephen...

A brief history of romance

A brief history of romance What are some characteristics of American Romanticism? love of nature, dislike of town life, supernatural elements, innovation, ...

任务型阅读

20. How old was Stephen Hawking when he wrote the book A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes? 21. What kind of person ...

北京市西城区2013-2014学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题

B Hawking's Five Easy Steps for Making Yourself a Genius As we all know,Stephen Hawking writes the book A Brief History of Time that explains the ...

英语精品教案:大纲版第二册上Unit1 Making a differenc...

He is Stephen Hawking, one of the greatest physicists of our time. Do you know what book he published in 1988? Ss: Yes. A Brief History of Time,...

人教版高二英语上册全册教案

( Stephen Hawking, one of the greatest physicists of our time, A Brief History of Time )Today we are going to learn a passage about Stephen Hawking....

2014-2015学年高二英语(人教版必修7)单元评估检测(一) ...

In 1988,Stephen Hawking published a book called A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes.The book tries to explain many of Hawking...

【哈佛名师力荐——20本该读的英文书籍】&【香港中文大...

Bennett 57《時間簡史》(A Brief History of Time)Stephen W. Hawking 58《記憶像鐵軌一樣長》余光中 59《站在時代的轉捩點上》沈清松 60《站在美妙新世紀的...
更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com