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牛津高中英语模块三 Unit 1


晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 1

Unit 1
类型:投稿

The world of our senses
晨背佳作〃日积月累

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话题:课外活动 典例展示 Afterclass Activities Nowadays, after

class activities are becoming more and more popular in high schools.In our school , there are various kinds of activities,for example,arts and sports.We

晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 1

enjoy them very much.Playing football and reading stories are my favorites which do me lots of good.Besides building up my body and enriching my knowledge,they also free me from the heavy work of study. Here I have some suggestions.1To students,you’d better choose the activities which interest you and suit you; to schools,they should organize more activities for students and leave students more time for activities by giving them less homework.

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 1

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Dear friends,please actively take part in afterclass activities,2which will not only make your school life colorful, but also improve your learning. (2011· 四川卷)

晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 1

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佳句变式 范文中的划线句子可改为如下句式: 1.Some valuable suggestions are as follows. 2.You are supposed to take an active part in afterclass activities,

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.hearing n.听力,听觉→hear from 困惑 3. observe vt.观察; 注意到; 评论→observe sb. 注意某人做?? 4.approach n.方法;靠近;路径;vt.靠近,接近;着手 处理→the approach sb. 收到某人的信 2.confuse vt.使糊涂;使迷惑→be confused

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about 对?? doing/do ...

to ...做??的方法

基础梳理·授之以渔
5.hesitate vi.犹豫,迟疑不决→ without 不犹豫

Unit 1

hesitation n.毫

6. grateful adj.感激的, 表示感谢的→be grateful to sb. for ... 因为??而感激某人 7.relief n.轻松,宽慰→ to one’s relief 使某人欣慰的是 →relieve sb. of ...解除某人的?? 8.recognize vt.认出, 辨认出; 意识到; (正式)承认→ beyond recognition 认不出来 9.ignore vt.忽视;对??不予理会→be ignorant of 对?? 一无所知 10. distance n. 距离; 远处→ in the distance 在远处→ from a distance 从远处

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基础梳理·授之以渔

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B

构词记忆法 v.提高;饲养

1.raised adj.凸起的→ raise 2.fog n.雾→ foggy

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adj.有雾的,雾茫茫的

3.darkness n.黑暗→ dark n.黑暗;adj.黑暗的 4.reduce vt. & vi.减少→ reduction n.减少 5.disability n.缺陷;伤残→ disabled adj.残疾的 6.attract vt.吸引→ attraction n.吸引 7.employ vt.雇佣;使用→ employment n.雇佣 8.firmly adv.牢牢地;坚定地→ firm adj.坚固的;坚定的

基础梳理·授之以渔

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C 语境助词法 During the second world war, a group of soldiers were going through a forest.Some of them were disabled and they lost their way and were in a panic.Unfortunately, it was dark and there was a thunderstorm at that time.Thunder and lightning came along.The next morning, there was a heavy fog in the forest.The soldiers were anxious and whispered to each other frightenedly.Two days later, they found a native person and they were safe at last.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

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学情自测 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 1.After graduation, she found employment (employ) in a local finance company. 2.The town’s most popular attraction (attract) is the Marine Science Museum. 3.A motorcycle accident left her severely (disable). 4.Many of the bodies were burned beyond all recognition (recognize).

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disabled

基础梳理·授之以渔

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5. Ignorance

(ignore) of the law is no excuse.

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6. After a brief hesitation (hesitate), he answered “Yes”. 7.Metals are good conductors (conduct) of electricity. anxiety (anxious), 8 . Too much caffeine can cause depression, and insomnia. 9 . I’m still a little happened. 10.There has been a dramatic birth rate.

confused (confuse) about what reduction (reduce) in the

基础梳理·授之以渔

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Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1. in sight 看得到,在视力范围之内

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at first sight 乍一看 2.reach out 伸出(手) within reach 够得着
3. watch out for 留心,密切注意

look out for 当心 4. glance at 一瞥

glare at 对??怒目而视

基础梳理·授之以渔

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5.come to one’s aid 来帮助某人

in

aid of 帮助??

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6.be related to 和??有关 be linked to 和??有关 be relevant to 和??有关系 7.be curious about 对??好奇

out of curiosity 出于好奇
8.contrary to 和??相反

on

the contrary 正相反

基础梳理·授之以渔

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学情自测 选词填空 in sight,glance at, contrary to, go to one’s aid, be curious about 1. Contrary to January. 2. Children are curious about animals and how they live. 3.A passer- heard her screams and went to her aid . by 4.The end of the nightmare is nowhere in sight . 5.I only had time to expectations, the level of retail sales fell in

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glance at

the newspaper.

基础梳理·授之以渔

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Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1.However, even if we have good senses (即使我们有好 的感官功能),they can still confuse us. 2.She wondered if the buses would still be running (公共 汽车是否仍将运营). 3....the truth is that it is too foggy for the bus to run that

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far (对于这车来讲,雾太大而不能跑那么远).
4.As Polly observed the passengers on the train,she had a feeling that

she was being watched

(她在被注视

着)by a tall man in a dark overcoat.

基础梳理·授之以渔

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5. Outside, wherever she looked (无论她朝哪里看)the fog lay like a thick,grey cloud. 6. While the rest of the passengers were getting out (当 其他的乘客下车的时候), she glanced at the faces around her. 7.But I heard it was going to become cloudy this afternoon,

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followed by a storm (紧接着是一场暴风雨).

基础梳理·授之以渔

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8. Whether he’ll be able to come (他是否能来)is not yet known. 9.At the same time,the volunteers kept their hands in hot water

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until they could no longer tolerate the pain (直
(过去科学家们相信)that

到他们不能再忍受疼痛为止). 10. Scientists used to believe

mothers recognize their children by sight only.

基础梳理·授之以渔

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Ⅳ.教材与高考 1.(教材原句)It does not make any difference if I am in the street or at my house... (2011· 山东,24)The two girls are so alike that strangers find A.it C.her difficult to tell one from the other. B.them D.that

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命题思路 答案选 A 项。本题考查 it 作形式宾语的用法。it 可以用来代替动词不定式、动名词、从句作形式主语或形式 宾语,其他词没有这个用法。

基础梳理·授之以渔

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变式训练

We feel

A

our duty to make our country a

better place. A.it C.that B.this D.one

解析 it 代替后面的不定式 to make our country a better place 作形式宾语。

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2.(教材原句)One explanation is that women’s sense of smell is better developed than that of men... (2010· 陕西,12)The cost of renting a house in central Xi’an is higher than city. A.that B.this C.it D.one in any other area of the

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命题思路 答案选 A 项。考查替代词的辨析。所填词用于比 较状语从句中,指代句子的主语 cost,即指代不可数名词, 用 that。this 指代下文即将提到的事物;it 指代“同一物”; one 指代“同类中的一个”。

基础梳理·授之以渔

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变式训练

Nine in ten parents said there were significant

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differences in their approach to educating their children compared with A.those C.both
of 短语。

D

of their parents. B.one D.that

解析 that 指代 approach;one 作替代词时,后面一般不接

基础梳理·授之以渔

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Ⅴ.单元语法自测——名词性从句 将下面的句子用名词性从句合为一句 1.We have to fill in all these forms.It’s ridiculous.

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It’s ridiculous that we have to fill in all these forms.
2.You were upset.I realized that.

I realized that you were upset.
3.How have the animals managed to escape? It isn’t obvious.

It isn’t obvious how the animals have managed to escape.

基础梳理·授之以渔

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4.The figures had been checked.That’s what I assumed.

I assumed that the figures had been checked.
5.Everything will be right.I’m confident of that.

I’m confident that everything will be right.

高频考点·深度探究

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高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1. glare v. n. to look at sb./sth.in an angry way 怒目而视, & 怒视;v. to shine with a very bright unpleasant light 发出 刺眼的光;n.刺眼,炫目的光 glare at 怒目而视 in the glare of 在??的注目下

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)Her mother was ironing clothes and every now and then she glared at her husband,who hid behind his newspaper pretending to read. 在报纸后面假装读报。 (2)The old gentleman just stood there pickpocket. 这位老先生只是站在那里对那个扒手怒目而视。 (3)The sun glared down, dazzling them. 阳光强烈,照得他们头晕目眩。 (2011· 江西,阅读 A) 母亲正在熨衣服,不时地瞅一眼她的丈夫,而他把自己藏

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glaring at

the

高频考点·深度探究

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易混辨析

glare,glance,stare 一试身手 名师指津 暗 含 敌对 或威 胁的 态

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(1)They didn’t fight, but stood (1)glare 侧重于怒视, there

glaring at one another. stares

(2)She is so afraid of the big dog 度。 that she at it without (2)glance 指快速地看 或瞥一眼。 moving a little. (3)The chairman was over.

glanced at his (3)stare 指由于生气、
睛注视某人或某物。

watch and announced the meeting 害 怕 或吃 惊而 睁大 眼

高频考点·深度探究

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2.approach v.to come near to sb./sth. in distance or time; to start dealing with a problem,task,etc. in a particular way; way of dealing with sb./sth.; path, n.a a road, that etc. leads to a place 靠近;对付方式;方法;道路 the approach to...(做某事的)方法/途径;接近,靠近 at the approach of 在快到??的时候 ...be approaching??快到了 make an approach to 向??提出建议或要求

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)On approaching them, we saw it was a mother whale with her baby. (2010· 湖北,阅读 A) 当我们靠近时发现,这是一个鲸妈妈带着她的孩子。 (2)The time for graduation 毕业的日子即将来临。 (3)The approach to the house was a narrow path. 通往这所房子的路是一条狭窄的小径。

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is approaching

.

the 思考题: 表达“(做)??的方法”的搭配有: approach to (doing) sth., the way to (do)/of (doing)..., the means of (doing) sth., the method of (doing) sth.

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写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.We make good use of it only while we have an appropriate approach to the Internet. a shop. (2011· 山西高三五校联考) (2011· 宝鸡高三适应性训练) b.On seeing him approach, I immediately turned my face to

高频考点·深度探究

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3.hesitate v.to be slow to speak or act because you feel uncertain or nervous 犹豫,迟疑不决 hesitate to do sth.迟疑做某事;不愿做某事 hesitate about/in/at/over (doing)sth.(做)某事犹豫不决 without hesitation 毫不犹豫地 have no hesitation in doing sth.毫不犹豫地做某事

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(1)Don’t hesitate to contact me if you need any more information. 如果你需要更多信息,尽管和我联系。 (2)Don’t hesitate about that. Do it at once. 对于那件事不要再犹豫了。马上去做吧。 (3)I would have no hesitation in declining the post. 我会毫不犹豫地拒绝这个职位。

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高频考点·深度探究

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4.sign n.a piece of evidence that sth. is happening or that sth. exists 迹象; 标志; flat object with words or pictures a on it, put in a public place to provide information or advertise sth.招牌;广告牌;暗号;记号;v.to write your name on sth. in your own personal way 签字;签名;to communicate using sign language 打手势 sign to sb.(to do sth.)=make a sign to sb. (to do sth.)打 手势 (让某人做某事) sign in/out 签到(出)

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)The form cannot be signed by anyone other than yourself. (2011· 新课标全国, 30) 这张表格除了你,任何人都不能在上面签字。 (2)Within months, the group record company. 在几个月内,这支乐队就和一家大型唱片公司签约了。 (3)She began tapping her foot, a sure sign of annoyance. 她的脚开始在地上踢踏作响,显然是厌烦了。

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was signed to

a major

高频考点·深度探究

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5.recognize v.to know who the person is, or what the thing is when you see or hear them,because you have seen or heard them or it before 认出;to admit or to be aware that sth. is true or exists 承认;意识到 recognize sb./sth. as/to be...承认某人/物是?? be recognized as...被公认为/被承认是?? It is recognized that...人们公认?? out of/beyond recognition 认不出来

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)Alexander tried to get his work recognized in the medical circles. (2010· 辽宁,35) 亚历山大努力想让他的工作在医学领域得到认可。 (2)We all recognized her talent for dancing. 我们都肯定她在舞蹈方面的才华。 (3)Lawrence’s novel was work of genius. 劳伦斯的小说最后被公认为天才之作。 eventually recognized as a

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高频考点·深度探究

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6.distance n.the amount of space between two places or things 距离;间距;being far away in space or in time 遥 远 at a distance 隔一段距离;距离稍远 in the distance 在远处 from a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 对??冷淡,与??疏远 within walking distance 在步行可及的地方

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)Take your time—it’s just a short distance from here to the restaurant. (2)I saw some smoke in the distance . 我看到远处有些烟。 (3)It’s better for you to keep him at a distance. 你最好不要和他亲近。 (2011· 山东, 21) 别着急——从这儿到那家餐馆只是很短的一段距离。

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高频考点·深度探究

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7.suit v. to be convenient or suitable for sb.对??方便,适 合;n.a set of clothes made from the same cloth, usually a jacket with trousers or a skirt 一套衣服 suit sth. to sb.某物适合某人 be suited to/for 适合于??;适宜于?? a suit of clothes 一套衣服
注意 suit+sb.表示对某人方便、合某人的心意,fit 没有这

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个意思。指服装适合某人时,如果指大小,用 fit;如果指颜 色或者样式,用 suit。

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(1)We’re looking for a very special person,preferably over 40,to fill our Father Christmas suit. (2011· 新课标全国,阅读 D) 我们正在寻找一个很特别的人,最好 40 多岁,来穿上圣诞 老人的服装。 (2)Blue suits you.You should wear it more often. 你适合穿蓝色,你该多穿蓝色衣服。 (3)If you want to go by bus, that

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suits me

fine.

如果你想坐公共汽车去,那对我很方便。

高频考点·深度探究

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8.calm v. to make sb./sth. become quiet and more relaxed, especially after strong emotion or excitement 使平静; adj.not excited,nervous or upset;without large waves 镇静的;风平浪静的 calm sb. down 使某人平静下来 keep/be/stay calm 保持镇静 calm down 平静(镇静)下来

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)Calm down,you’ll all get your turn.One at a time,one at a time! (2011· 广东,阅读 C) 安静下来,你们都有机会。每次一位,每次一位。 (2)He took a deep breath to calm himself down. 他深吸一口气使自己平静下来。 (3)He is terribly excited. We must try to calm him down . 他太激动了,我们必须想办法使他平静下来。

高频考点·深度探究
易混辨析 calm,quiet,silent,still 一试身手 名师指津

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(1)It’s bad manners to keep (1)calm 主要 指“风 平浪静 也可指人“平静的, 镇 silent when the teacher 的”, asks you a question. 静的”。 (2)Although she was frighte- (2)quiet 指 “ 没 有 吵 闹 声 “没有噪音的”, “清 ned, she answered in a calm 的”, voice. sit 静的”, 强调“声音很低、 很 (3)silent 强调“沉默不语”。 (3)Children find it difficult to 少或全然无声”。

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still for very long.

不动的, 指没 (4)They moved to the count- (4)still 静止的, ryside and lived a quiet life. 有运动。

高频考点·深度探究

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9.panic n. & v.(to have) a sudden strong feeling of fear or worry that makes you unable to think clearly or calmly 恐慌,感到恐慌 be in a panic 处在恐慌中 get into a panic 陷入恐慌 in panic 惊慌失措地 panic sb. into doing sth.使某人惊慌地做某事

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高频考点·深度探究

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(1)“Tommy,run!Be quick!The house is on fire!”the mother shouted,with panic clearly in her voice. (2011· 湖北, 21) “Tommy,快跑!快点!房子着火了!”母亲大声喊着, 声音中明显透着恐慌。 (2)She got into a real panic when she thought she’d lost the ticket. 她十分惊慌,以为自己把入场券丢了。 (3)The crowd ran out in panic . 群众惊慌失措地跑出去了。

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高频考点·深度探究

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对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 glare,approach,hesitate,sign,recognize,distance, suit,calm,panic 1. is recognized that environmental pollution has become It one of the most serious problems that people face. 2.He and his wife are well suited to each other. 3.He panicked over this accident. 4.Facing the sudden disaster, he said to himself, “Keep

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calm .”

高频考点·深度探究

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5.My parents live within walking distance of me. 6.They glared at each other across the table. 7 . I appreciate the professor’s new teaching languages. 8.Without

approach

to

hesitation , Meng Xiangbin jumped into the

river to save the drowning young woman. 9.The police made a sign to me to stop the car.

高频考点·深度探究

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.At the meeting they discussed three different the study of mathematics. A.approaches C.methods B.means D.ways

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A

to

解析 句意为:他们在会上讨论了三种不同的研究数学的方 法。本题的关键词是题干中的介词 to,只有 approach 才能跟 to 搭配使用。

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2.We are at your service. Don’t you have any further problems. A.beg C.desire

B

to turn to us if

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B.hesitate D.seek

解析 句意为:我们愿意为你效劳。如果你还有什么问题尽 管找我们。hesitate to do...不情愿做??,符合句意。beg 祈 求;desire 希望得到;seek to do sth.努力做某事。

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3.The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a A.length C.way

B

of 60 miles. (2012· 常州月考)

B.distance D.space

解析 “a distance of+数字”表示“??的距离”。

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4.The teacher glanced a picture. A.to;drawing C.at;drawing
因此 C 项符合题意。

C

this student who was busy B.at;draw D.at;to draw

解析 glance at 对??瞥一眼;be busy doing...忙于做??,

高频考点·深度探究

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5.Do keep worse. A.calm C.quiet

A

in an emergency, or things will get even B.still D.silent

解析 句意为:在遇到紧急情况时一定要保持镇定,否则情 况会更糟。keep calm 保持镇定。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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6.The color and style me. A.fit;suit C.fit;fit

B

me but the size doesn’t

B.suit;fit D.suit;suit

解析 “花色、款式”适合应用 suit;“尺寸、大小”适合 应用 fit。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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7.The famous film star wore dark glasses so that no one would A.reach C.realize

B

him. B.recognize D.know

(2012· 铜陵月考)

解析 句意为:那位有名的电影明星戴了一副墨镜以致于没 有人认出他。“认出”用 recognize。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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8.He

B

and ran as fast as he could to safety. B.panicked D.panicking

A.paniced C.to panic
解析

句中缺少谓语动词,panic 的过去式和过去分词都是

panicked。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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9.If you drive from the airport, go on the motorway and follow the A.ways C.signals

D

. B.points D.signs

解析 从句意可知是“沿着(交通)标志”,答案为 D 项。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

短语与句式 1.in sight 看得见;在视野内 at (the) sight of 一看见(某人/某物)就?? come into/in sight 进入视野;出现;看到 within sight 看得见;在视野内 out of sight 在视野之外;在看不见的地方 catch sight of 发现;突然看到 lose sight

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of 看不见

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Then the first village came into sight. Immediately I came alive;I decided to wave back. 致意。 (2)We are not yet out of sight of land. 我们仍可看见陆地。 (3)If you ever catch sight of him anywhere,call the police. 如果你在任何地方看见他,就去报警。 (2010· 全国Ⅰ,阅读 E) 之后,第一个村庄映入眼帘,我立即来了精神并决定挥手

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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2.reach out 伸出(手) reach for 伸手去拿/够?? reach an agreement 达成协议 reach one’s understanding 让某人理解

beyond one’s reach(=out of one’s reach)够不着
within one’s reach/within the reach of...够得着

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot within easy reach. 省时间的。 (2)The farm (2009· 山东,33) 在厨房里把你常用的东西放在随手可及的地方,那样会节

本 课 栏 目 开 关

reaches to

the side of the river.

农场一直延伸到河边。 (3)This is a coat that reaches to the knees. 这是一件长到膝盖的大衣。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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3.watch out for 提防;注意?? watch over 看守;监视;照顾 watch out 密切注意;当心;提防 be on the watch for 留神;注意?? keep watch 值班;放哨 keep (a) watch on...监视??

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)If two deaf people are walking together , using sign language,they constantly watch out for each other and protect each other by paying steady attention to the other. (2011· 安徽,阅读 E) 如果两个聋子一块走路,使用手势语言,他们不断地留意 对方,通过一直注意对方相互保护。 (2)Watch out for a man in a black hat. 注意一个戴黑帽子的高大男人。 (3)The dog watches over his master’s house while the master was away. 主人不在时这条狗为它的主人看家。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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4.come/go to one’s aid 来/去帮助某人 with the aid of sb.=with one’s aid 在某人的帮助下 in aid of 用以援助 do/give/offer/perform/carry out first aid 进行急救 aid sb. to do/with sth.帮助某人做某事

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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(1)The local community aided us in our investigation. 当地社区协助我们调查。 (2)We’re collecting money in aid of 我们正筹集资金以资助癌症研究。 (3)They aided the poor country with money. 他们用钱帮助这个穷乡村。 cancer research.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5.There may be more people lost today,and I’d like to help them.今天可能有很多人迷路,我想去帮帮他们。 句式提取:There may be... 此句为 there be 结构的变化形式, 常见的变化结构如下: There happen(s) to be...碰巧有?? There seem(s) to be...好像有?? There must be...一定有?? There used to be...过去有?? There stands/lives/lies/goes/remains/exists...有?? expect there to be...希望有??

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

注意: there be 句型的非谓语形式为 there to be 和 there being 两种,它们可在句中作主语、宾语或状语。
(1)There are different explanations of a wolf’s howl and it appears that there may be more to discover. (2011· 湖北,阅读 B) 对于狼嗥有不同的解释,好像有更多的东西要发现。 (2)There must be a lot of people helping the twins whose

本 课 栏 目 开 关

parents died in the accident. 一定有很多人帮助这对父母死于事故的双胞胎。 (3)We expect there to be a lot of discussions about the problem. 我们期待会有很多关于那个问题的讨论。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

6.Don’t be frightened by sharks:you are 30 times more likely to be hit by lightning than be attacked by a shark. 不要惧怕鲨鱼,因为你被闪电击中的几率要比被鲨鱼攻 击的几率大 30 倍。 句式提取:...30 times more likely...than... 倍数的表达方式: (1)“A+倍数+as+形容词或副词的原级+as+B”, 表 示“A 是 B 的多少倍”。 (2)“A+倍数+形容词或副词的比较级+than+B”, 表示“A 比 B??多少倍”。 (3)“A+倍数+the size/height/length/width,etc.+of+ B”,表示“A 是 B 的多少倍”。,(4)A+倍数+what 从句。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)According to statistics,a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer as a woman. (2009· 江西,24) 据统计,男子死于皮肤癌的几率是女子的两倍多。 (2)There are five times more books in our library than in yours. 我们图书馆里的书比你们图书馆里的书多五倍。 (3)The production now is three times what it was ten years ago. 现在的产量是十年前的三倍。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 come into sight,reach out,watch over,go to one’s aid 1.David reached out of the community. 3.My father heard her screams and went to her aid . 4.We’ll fire as soon as the enemy come into sight . and took down a book.

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2.The police’s responsibility is to watch over the safety

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.我们的教室是他们的三倍大。

Our classroom is three times the size of theirs.
2.他们可能有许多工作要做,但我不确定。

There may be a lot of work to do for them,but I’m not

sure.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

Ⅲ.单项填空 1. Seeing the toy, couldn’t resist she A.being reached out B.reaching out C.to reach out D.reach out
解析 句意为:看见那玩具,她忍不住要伸出手去摸摸它。 can’t resist doing sth.禁不住做某事。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

B

to touch it.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

2.—What does the model plane look like? —Well,the wings of the plane are A.more than the length twice B.twice more than the length C.more than twice the length D.more twice than the length
解析 “两倍多”应是 more than twice the+名词结构。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

C

of its body.

(2012· 南京五校联考)

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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3.He minds so much about his position in the office that he

D

any chance to be promoted. B.looks up D.watches out for

A.watches out C.points out

解析 句意为:他如此在意在办公室的职位,以致于他密切 关注任何被提升的机会。watch out for sth.密切注意某事,符 合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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4.For miles around me there was nothing but a desert, without a single plant A.on earth C.in sight

C

.

B.for instance D.at place

解析 此处意为:看不到一棵植物。in sight 看得见。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5 . They collected much money A.in aid C.with the aid of
解析

B

the poor girl. (2012· 淮北模拟)

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B.in aid of D.gave aid to

句意为:他们集资以帮助那个可怜的女孩。in aid 后

不能接宾语,可排除 A 项;with the aid of 在某人的帮助下, 与句意不符;D 项应用非谓语动词形式。in aid of 用以帮助, 符合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

6.Since you have made such good preparations,there

本 课 栏 目 开 关

C

be any problem about passing the coming exam. (2011· 黄山模拟) B.shan’t D.needn’t

A.mustn’t C.shouldn’t

解析 句意为:既然你已做了这么好的准备,通过即将来临 的考试,你不应该有任何问题。there shouldn’t be...不应该 有??。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

写作提升〃步步为赢
记叙灾难性事件 一、写作内容 报道这类事件,一般应包括事件发生的时间、地点、灾 情、损失以及救援情况等。 二、必背套语 1.某地发生?? an earthquake happened in/hit/struck...某地发生了一场 地震 a terrible fire broke out in...某地遭遇了一场大火

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

2.造成的后果 (1)失踪:missing (2)受伤:get injured (3)死亡:be killed/lose one’s life/cause sb.’s death (4)电力中断:the electricity was cut off (5)房屋倒塌:houses collapse/fall down (6)冲走房屋:wash away buildings (7)成为废墟:be in ruins;fall into ruin (8)菜地被毁坏了:vegetable fields were ruined (9)造成经济损失:cause economic losses

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

3.救援捐赠 (1)受灾地区:stricken district/area (2)救灾工作:rescue work (3)恢复正常:return to normal (4)地震灾民:the victims of the earthquake (5)被困人员:trapped people (6)拯救:rescue...from (7)呼吁人们捐赠:call on people to make donations; donations are badly needed

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

4.灾难性事件词汇 fire(火灾), flood(水灾), drought(干旱),landslide(山崩), earthquake( 地 震 ) , tsunami( 海 啸 ) , typhoon( 台 风 ) , hurricane( 飓 风 ), tornado( 龙卷风 ) , volcano(火 山 ), snowstorm(暴风雪)等。 三、范文欣赏:报道汶川地震 A terrible earthquake,measuring at 8.0Ms,struck Wenchuan,Sichuan,China on May 12th,2008.

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Being the strongest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake , it caused 69,197 deaths,374,176 injured and 18,340 missing.A great number of houses and buildings were destroyed,leaving as many as 10,000,000 people homeless and there were hill slides , with roads blocked as well as water supply , electricity and

telecommunications cut off.

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Fortunately,the government took immediate action.A great many soldiers were sent there to rescue the people from danger,and lots of volunteers offered to help.Large quantities of food , water , tents and medicine were transported from all over China and other parts of the world to the earthquakestricken area.

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

语篇图解〃答题策略
完形专项提升(四) 生活常识类完形阅读法 Making Choices Joseph Henry was an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.He used to tell a rather 1 story about his childhood.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

1.A.historical B.romantic C.terrible D.strange 解析 从下面他讲述的故事可知这是一个很奇特的故事。
historical 历史的;romantic 浪漫的;terrible 可怕的,均不符 合语境。 答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略
His grandmother, who raised him,once paid a make him a pair of shoes. The man 3 his feet and told Joseph that
2.A.cobbler B.seller C.banker

Unit 1

2

to

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D.farmer

解析 抚养他的祖母曾经有一次付款给一个鞋匠,让他给我 做一双鞋子。 下文也有暗示。 seller 卖者; banker 银行家; farmer 农场主,均不符合语境。 答案 A 3.A.calculated B.weighted 解析
答案

C.measured

D.watched

既然是做鞋子,所以应该是测量一下脚的大小。
C

calculate 计算;weight 使负重;watch 观察,均不符合语境。

语篇图解·答题策略
he could choose between two

Unit 1

4 : round toe or a square a 5 immediately. D.kinds

toe.Little Joseph couldn’t make a(n) 4.A.types B.styles C.sorts

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 从后面的“a round toe or a square toe”可知是两种样 式的鞋子。type,sort 和 kind 都表示种类。kind 侧重指有共 同特征,性质相同或非常相似的事物,尤其指动物、植物等 生物界的同一类属。与 sort 相比较为正式。sort 表示种类, 可以与 kind 互换,但它侧重指大体相似或相近的事物,而且 常常带有轻蔑或否定的意味,与 kind 相比较为口语化。type 也可表示种类,但它侧重指具体的型号。 答案 B 5.A.choice B.promise C.attempt D.plan 解析 前面提到了两种样式的鞋子,他无法立刻做出选择。 promise 诺言;attempt 尝试;plan 计划,均不符合语境。 答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

It seemed to be such a
6.A.fair

6

decision; after all, they would
C.simple D.huge

本 课 栏 目 开 关

become his only pair of shoes for a long time.
B.ridiculous

解析 根据后面的“they would become his only pair of shoes for a long time”可知这双鞋子他要穿很长时间,所以这似乎 是一个很大的决定。fair 公平的;ridiculous 荒唐的;simple 简单的,均不符合语境。

答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

The cobbler 7 makeup his 8 .
7.A.ordered

him to take a couple of days to
C.allowed D.forbade

本 课 栏 目 开 关

B.persuaded

解析 鞋匠给了他几天的时间让他做决定。 allow sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事。order 命令;persuade 劝说;forbid 禁止, 均不符合语境。

答案 C

8.A.mind

B.loss

C.time

D.story

解析 make up one’s mind 做出决定,下定决心。根据语意 可知答案。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Joseph went into the shop,sometimes three or four times a day! Each time he 9 over the cobbler’s shoes and tried to decide.
9.A.got B.looked C.turned D.went 解析 每一次他去鞋匠那里看鞋子并且试图做决定。look over 意为“查看,检查”。get over 克服;turn over 翻转;go over 仔细检查,均不符合语境。 答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

The roundtoed shoes were more 10 ,but the square toes looked more fashionable.He continued to
10.A.popular B.beautiful

11 . He wanted

to make up his mind,but he just couldn’t decide!
C.expensive D.practical

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 根据下文“but the square toes looked more fashionable” 可知,此处表示这种样式的鞋比较实用。popular 受欢迎的; beautiful 漂亮的;expensive 昂贵的,均不符合语境。 答案 D
11.A.judge B.consider C.hesitate D.guess

解析 根据后面的“He wanted to make up his mind, he just but couldn’t decide!”可知他仍然无法做决定,因此还在犹豫。 judge 判断;consider 考虑;guess 猜测,均不符合语境。 答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

Finally,one day he went into the 12 and the cobbler handed him a parcel wrapped in brown paper.His new 13 !
12.A.shop B.office C.market D.house

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 根据前面的“Joseph went into the shop”可知选 A。 office 办公室;market 市场;house 房子,均不符合语境。
答案 A
13.A.clothes B.shoes C.socks D.pencils

解析 从前面的“the cobbler handed him a parcel wrapped in brown paper”可知鞋匠递给了他一个包裹,因此推断出鞋匠 给他的是鞋子。clothes 衣服;sock 袜子;pencil 铅笔,均不符 合语境。

答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

He raced home.He tore off the 14 and found a beautiful pair of leather shoes—one with a round 15 and the other with a square toe.
14.A.leather B.box C.package D.wrapping

解析 wrapping 包装材料,包装纸。根据前面的“wrapped in brown paper”可知有包装纸,因此作者把它撕掉。leather 皮 革;box 盒;package 包裹,包装盒,均不符合语境。

答案 D
15.A.floor B.form C.toe D.cover 解析 根据后面的“the other with a square toe”可知答案为 C。 答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

I can learn a lesson here...a lesson about 16 :if I don’t make decisions myself ,others will 17 make them for me.
16.A.decisions B.fames C.imaginations D.mistakes

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 根据后面的“if I don’t make decisions myself”可知 答案为 A。fame 名声;imagination 想象力;mistake 错误,均 不符合语境。

答案 A 17.A.surely

B.probably

C.absolutely

D.sincerely

解析 如果你自己不能做决定的话,那么他人就有可能为你 做决定。 故答案为 B。 surely 想必; absolutely 绝对地; sincerely 真诚地,均不符合语境。 答案 B

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

It is not better than I If I choose 19
18.A.repair

18 them myself. from time to time, that’s okay, too.
C.clean D.make

B.examine

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解析 由下文可以看出他人为作者做出的决定是令人难以接 受的,因此作者认为还是自己来做决定比较好。故答案为 D。 repair 修理; examine 检查; clean 使??干净, 均不符合语境。

答案 D
19.A.sensibly B.correctly C.poorly D.carefully

解析 作者认为即使有时自己的选择很糟糕,也是可以接受 的,因为毕竟是自己做出的选择。sensibly 敏感地;correctly 正确地;carefully 仔细地,均不符合语境。 答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

At least I won’t have to
20.A.wear B.buy

20
C.change

shoes that don’t
D.throw

match.Besides,I’ll probably do better the next time.
解析 从后面的“shoes that don’t match”可知此处表示穿 不搭配的鞋子,所以选 A。buy 购买;change 改变;throw 扔, 均不符合语境。

答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略
应试策略

Unit 1

本 课 栏 目 开 关

多观察、多体验、多积累 生活常识,是指人们在日常生活中总结出来的知识,涵 盖健康、营养、饮食、居家、生活小窍门等各方面。 为了考查考生利用生活常识进行解题的能力,命题人会 在完形填空题中设置一些生活常识题,看考生是否善于观察 生活,积累生活常识,能否利用生活常识作出正确的判断。 要正确解答这类题目,考生要有广博的知识、丰富的生活经 历。完形填空的文章一般不会很专业化,但也会涉及科普知 识。如果对题中所涉及的某些知识熟悉,或对其内容有似曾 相识的感觉的话,那么,做起题来心情就会轻松很多。 因此,考生平时应当注意对生活常识和百科知识的积累。 最好从生活中总结知识,注意多观察事物,多听、多看、多 想。

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

典例 1 ... An hour 5(later),however,they were all astonished 6(when) the gardener rushed in and said 7(seriously) that the dog was dead. 8(Immediately) the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the 9 hospital... 9.A.animal C.plant B.biggest D.nearest

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得分点 9.D。依据常识可知,在这样的紧急情况下,人们的 第一反应是到最近的医院就诊。

语篇图解·答题策略
典例 2 Sixthgrade schoolteacher Ms.Shelton believed

Unit 1

in

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readiness.Students remember how she walked in on the first day of class and began writing words of eighthgrade on the 1 .They quickly protested that the words were not on their 2(level) and they couldn’t learn them.

1.A.desk C.chalkboard

B.wall D.door

得分点 1.C。结合前面的“schoolteacher”,“walked in”, “class”,“writing words”,再根据常识判断,老师应该是 把字写在黑板上。


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