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非限制性定语从句


教材分析

本节课作选修 7 第五单元的语法复习课,教学内容主要是复习非限定 性定语从句。教学内容是课本的 Learning about language 的 Revising useful structures 和 workbook 中的 using structures 部分.(Page 41& Page 81)

学生分析

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所教班级是文科普通班,女生占绝大部分,总人数 86 人,教学条件 是一个黑板一支粉笔的大班制教学模式。学生擅长于模仿,但总体不够灵 活。在英语学习方面非常刻苦,认真,有一定的功底,不过,学的语法还 不能够很好地运用于实际写作中。

教学目标

Target aims

Key sentences: 1) Xie Lei, who is 21 years old, has come to our university to study for a business qualification. 2) She is halfway through the preparation year, which most foreign students complete before applying for a degree course. 3) You have to get used to a whole new way of life, which can take up all your concentration in the beginning. 4) … explained Xie Lei, who had lived all her life in the same city in China. 5) Living with host families, in which there may be other college students, fives…

Ability aims

Enable the students to apply the non-restrictive attributive clauses into real contexts.

Learning ability aims

Help the students learn how to use the non-restrictive attributive

clauses properly. 教学 重点难点 1. The correct use of the non-restrictive attributive clause 2. How to put the non-restrictive attributive clauses into real contexts properly. 教学策略 教具 教学步骤 Step 1 Revision Inductive approach and practice approach A blackboard 活动内容 1. Greetings 2. Translate the following sentences into English with the restrictive attributive clauses orally and the teacher writes down the answers on the blackboard. 1)这位是帮过我的那个人。 2)你认识那个叫王雨的人吗? 3)河边的那栋楼是我们学校。 4) 他们谈论着他们能记起的那些在 学校的人和事。 5) 我永远也忘不了遇到刘先生的那 天。 Answers: 1)This is the man who helped me. 2) Do you know the man whose name is Wang Yu? 3)The building which stands near 设计意图 通过复习上单元的限定性 定语从句,引出本节课的复习非 限定性定语从句。

the river is our school. 4)They talked of things and persons that they remembered in the school. 5)I will never forget the day when I met Mr. Liu. Step2 Grammar Task1: Read the article about Xie Lei again and pick out the sentences containing non-restrictive attributive clauses.(Page41 Ex.1) 6) Xie Lei, who is 21 years old, has come to our university to study for a business qualification. 7) She is halfway through the preparation year, which most foreign students complete before applying for a degree course. 8) You have to get used to a whole new way of life, which can take up all your concentration in the beginning. 9) …explained Xie Lei, who had lived all her life in the same city in China. 10) Living with host families, in which there may be other college students, fives… 11) He wanted to know what I thought, which confused me… Task2: sum up the usage of the non-restrictive attributive clauses with the whole class according to the model sentences picked up in the passage. 利用文章中所列出的句子 进行归纳,避免孤立地学语法 学生自己从所学的课文中 找出非限定性定语从句,从中感 知这一语法点在文章中的运用。

Task3: Encourage the whole class discuss the differences between the restrictive attributive clauses and the non-restrictive attributive clauses by the two groups of sentences in Revision and Task1 on the blackboard. Then show their own points. the restrictive attributive clauses: the extra information is necessary the non-restrictive attributive clauses: 1)the extra information can be left out 2)never use “that” 3) cannot leave out the relative pron. Step 3 Practice 1. Do the exercises in Ex.2 P41. 根据句子意思让学生能够 让学生小组讨论限定性定 语从句与非限定性定语从句的差 异,是他们更深刻地体会到这两 种属于同一范畴不同类型的从句 在具体使用中的差别。

判断非限定性定语从句与限定性 Non-restrictive attributive clauses are 定语从句在实际应用的细微差别 often used to add additional information. Look at the following sentences, some of which need commas. Insert them and give your reasons. (The students first do it individually, and then discuss their answers in a group. At last, the teacher checks the answers with the whole class.) Answers: 1) Mark Twain, who was a famous American author, wrote The Million Pound Bank-Note. 2) The bird cages, some of which were in poor condition, were sold by the

shopkeeper at half price. 3) Joan passed her exam, which surprised me a great deal. 4) The minibus which I usually take on the campus had an accident yesterday. 5) Shenzhou-V, which was sent into space on October 15th,2003,was China’s first manned spaceship. 6) The dogs, all of which were small and white with long hair, barked loudly. 7) the battery to which the robot toys were connected failed to work last night. 8) I asked the doctor to tell me the reason why my hands are numb sometimes. Step4 Further practice: non-restrictiv ①.在过去的十年中, 广州见证了城 市建设方面的巨大变化,比如地铁的建 造,公告交通设施的发展,这使得广州 成为亚洲最优秀的城市之一。 Guangzhou has seen great changes 使学生明白应如何在句子 运用中使用非限定性定语从句: 运用非限定性定语从句体现文章 信息点的重要性:主要信息放在 主句,次要信息放在从句(非限 定性定语从句)

e attributive clauses in city construction in the past 10 years, in writing such as the building of the underground train and the development of public transportation, which ranks one of the top cities in Asia. ②.刘翔是一名很棒的体育运动员。 他在雅典奥运会有出色的表现且获得一 枚金牌。 Liu Xiang, who is a good sport player, performed well in the Athen

Olympic games and got a gold medal. 2)Apply the non-restrictive attributive clauses in a writing passage.(students think about how to use the non-restrictive attributive clauses in this passage at first, then write down their drafts) Step 5 Homework 2. Polish the writing and share their own passages in a group to be checked. 教学反思 1. 学生学习效果 本节课我通过不同的任务设置,让学生在小组活 动与个人独立活动中通过合作与探究来完成各个任 务。从旧知识的复习到新语法点的引入,衔接恰当。 语法教学中采用归纳法,学生思考和练习的机会多。 在练习设置上, 从 Ex.2 到 Ex.4 循序渐进地让学生从认 识判断非限定性定语从句到学生动手组合非限定性定 语从句再到造出完整的非限定性定语从句,使达到训 练学生在句子的层面去领会非限定性定语从句的恰当 使用。然后语法与写作相结合,使学生自己动手亲自 去体会这个语法点在语境的具体运用。取到较好的教 学效果。从课堂反应看来,学生较好地掌握了这一语 法点。 2. 不足与改进 由于学生的语法基础不扎实及学生层次不一,学 习这一从句时有些同学还是感到有点吃力。这说明所 设置的内容难度上应再控制一下,做到深入浅出。 1. Finish off the exercises in using structures, workbook. 课后巩固 使学生学会在篇章中去运 用非限定性定语从句语:语法与 写作相结合,发挥到语法的真正 效力,增强学生综合能力的培 养。


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