The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Chinese characters are always changing!
1. Do you think English has always stayed the same?
w did these changes happen?
Hwæt we garde na ingear dagum þeod cyninga þrym ge frunon huða æþelingas ellen fre medon.
Sonnet No. 18
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Please go through the Reading strategy and tell me how to read a history article.
Reading a history article
Reading a normal text
1. Notice dates and years. 2. Make a time chart, listing important information, such as times, places and events.
Check the answers on page24:
Fill in the blanks with the following dates from the article. 5th century 9th century 10th century 1066 14th century 16th century
5th century 1. Before the middle of the ____________, people in Britain did not speak English.
2. Modern English began to develop in the
____________. 16th century
3. Almost everyone in England began to
speak Middle English in the 14th century _____________.
4. At the end of the _____________, 9th century Norwegian words began to be used in the English language. 5. The Normans occupied England in _____. 1066 6. By the _____________, people in 10th century England used Old English as the official language.
Skimming to get general ideas
Skimming Reading Comprehension I The topic of the text is _____________. A. that old English is different from the English today B. how Middle English formed C. English and its history D. that English will keep changing
Skimming Reading Comprehension II 1.What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article? Old English, Middle English and Modern English. 2. In what way is English still changing? English is still changing in many ways, such as in vocabulary and pronunciation.
Before the middle of 5th century
Two Germanic groups occupied Britain The Vikings began to Old English move Britain Celtic Anglo-Saxon (base)
Old English Anglo-Saxon (base of old English)
5th---9th century At the end of 9th By the 10th century
( official language)
language of Norway language of Denmark
In 1066,__________________________________________ the Normans defeated England and took control ____________ However, during the 250 years,__________ French of the country. _________________________________________________ didn’t replace English as the first language. By the later half of the 14th century___________________ English had come ________________________ into widespread use in England . In 1399, __________________________________________ English was used for all official events. French’s impact(影响） on English: 1. More words with similar meanings 2. Borrowed words for meat: mutton/ beef/pork
3. French ways of making plurals
Many words with similar meanings
the same meaning ( 生病的） ill sick
More words with similar meanings.
the same meaning (回答）
man- men shoe—shoes Foot – feet house—houses tooth — teeth glass — glasses Child — children
The word for the animal:
pi g pork / bacon
The word for the meat:
1. When did modern English begin? Modern English began during the Renaissance in the 16th century. 2. What changes happened during this period of time? English includes many Latin and Greek words. Pronunciation also went through huge changes .
3. Is Modern English the end of all these changes?
No , English will keep on changing.
The development of English
Languages Old English of Germanic groups
Languages of Vikings
Latin and Greek
Discuss the following questions with your partner.
1. Why does the English language have so many rules that confuse people? Because it is made up of the grammar and vocabulary that people from different countries and cultures brought with them to Britain.
2. Where did the word English come from? It came from the word Engle, as it was spelt in Old English. 3. Why can words with similar meanings be found in the English language? These words with similar meanings developed because each word came from a different language.
4. Who made the greatest contribution to the development from Old English to Middle English? The French-speaking Normans, who took control of England in 1066. 5. Why are many of the words for animals different from those for meat in English? The words for the animals came from Old English, while the words for the meat came from Old French.
Language borrows words from each other, can you list some of them?(page25 part F)
Chinese words from English:
Coffee(咖啡), sofa(沙发), model(模特儿), modern(摩登), Sandwich(三明治), hamburger(汉堡), cartoon(卡通)
English words from Chinese:
Pingpong, kongfu, tofu, lose face,
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