广东省肇庆市 2013-2014 学年高一第一学期期末质量检测英语试题
本试卷为高一英语试卷的笔试部份共 8 页，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔，将自己所在县（市、区） 、姓名、试 室号、座位号填写在答题卷上对应位置，再用 2B 铅笔将准考证号涂黑． 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答
题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案，答案不能写在试卷或草稿纸上． 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域 内相应的位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再在答题区内写上新的答案；不准使 用铅笔和涂改液．不按以上要求作答的答案无效．
I．语言知识及运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 “Sign （签名） this paper if you don’ t like Ms. Strom,’’ the note said. My classmates’ __1__ were all on me. I had a look at my teacher quickly as she pleasantly taught the afternoon class. I knew what the right __2__ was, but the bad feelings I had toward her, as well as my classmates’ insisting looks, made my decision more difficult. I __3__ why my friends disliked her. She was very strict. If I signed it, my friends would be pleased, but I didn’t want to s ee Ms. Strom’s face when she realized what the note said. My friends began to get __4__, wanting me to sign the paper and __5__ it along, but I didn’t know what to do. I quickly made my decision — I would not sign. I passed it to another person and tried to __6__ my attention to Ms. Strom. Soon Ms. Strom __7__ what was happening. She put the paper into her pocket and continued teaching. After class, Ms. Strom told us to have some extra homework because of the class' rudeness in creating a(n) __8__ paper about her and passing it around class. The day was over at last. I couldn’t __9__ to get home. As I was leaving, Ms. Strom called my name. My __10__ started to beat quickly as I walked to her. “Yes?” I asked as __11__ as I could. She handed an envelope to me and said “Thank you.” I stood there blankly (木然地), not knowing what to do. I opened the envelope: Dear Amy, Thank you for not signing the paper. It truly shows your character. It must need a lot of __12__ to choose not to sign it. It means a great deal to me. Thank you. Ms. Strom I was shocked that Ms. Strom __13_ me not signing the paper enough to write a thank-you note. I know how much it meant to her. I will never __14__ this because it had a great effect on my life. I hope I will continue to make choices like this that __15__ people instead of making them discouraged. 1. A. hands 2. A. answer 3. A. wondered B. ideas B. decision B. guessed C. eyes C. result C. understood D. words D. conclusion D. imagined
4. A. anxious 5. A. send 6. A. bring 7. A. studied 8. A. important 9. A. plan 10. A. heart 11. A. kindly 12. A. courage 13. A. appreciated 14. A. do 15. A. turn down
B. happy B.carry B. leave B. noticed B. valuable B. expect B. name B. calmly B. time B. helped B. support B. give up
C. sad C. take C. give C. enjoyed C. disrespectful C. manage C. opinion C. quickly C. energy C. blamed C. face C. work for
D. angry D. pass D. return D. hated D. useless D. wait D. pocket D. loudly D. advantage D. encouraged D. forget D. build up
第二节： 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 Around the year 1000 A.D., some people from Northwest India began to travel westward. Nobody knows why. __16__ they left their homes, they didn’t settle down any more, but spent their lives __17__(move) from one to another. Their later generations were called the Romany people of Gypsies(吉普赛人). There’re Gypsies all over the world, many of __18__ are still traveling with no fixed homes. There are about 8,000,000 of them, including 3,000,000 in the Eastern Europe. Gypsies sometimes have __19__ hard time in foreign countries because they are different. People may be afraid of them, look down __20__ them, or think that they are criminals(罪犯). The Nazis treated the Gypsies __21__(cruel), like the Jews, and nobody knows how many of them __22__(die) in Hitler ’s death camps. Gypsies have __23__ own language, Romany. They like music and dancing. Traveling is of great __24__(important) to them, and many Gypsies are unhappy when they have to stay in one place. Because of this, it is difficult for Gypsy children to go to school, so Gypsies are often unable to read and write. In some places, the educational authorities try to arrange special traveling schools for Gypsy children, so that they can get the same education __25__ other children.
II．阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂 黑。 A Millions of words have been written about young people in the USA. There are reasons for this great interest in the ideas, feelings, and actions of youth. Today there are about seven million Americans in the colleges and universities. Young persons under twenty-five make up nearly half of the American population. Many of these young people will
be in power in the USA. Naturally their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and it is necessary for older people to understand what they think and feel. College students today have strong opinions about right and wrong. They are deeply interested in making a better life for all people, especially for those who have not been given a fair chance before now. They see much that is wrong in the lives of their parents. It is hard for them to see what is right and good in the older ways. As a result, there is often trouble in American families. 26. Nearly half of the population in the USA are the young people aged________. A. less than 25 because_________. A. they are mostly correct B. a number of them will manage the country as leaders C. they have some new ideas D. they stand for the modern force 28. The thoughts and feelings of the young persons should be necessarily understood by__________. A. half of the American population C. college students only A. who keep their life in the older ways B. who enjoy a hard life C. who are treated not in a fair way D. who have strong opinion about the society 30. Which is the correct statement? A. The young people in America interest millions of people. B. The young people in America could see what is right and good in the older ways. C. They are making a better life for themselves. D. People have written many books and articles about the young people in America. B After an earthquake most survivors can be expected to recover over time, especially with the support of family and friends. Some families will be able to return to their normal life quickly, but others will have to contend with the destruction of their homes, medical problems, and injury to family members. Children especially will need time to recover from the loss of a loved one or a pet or from the closing down of their school. Children often come to adults for information, comfort and help. Parents should try to remain calm, answer children’s questions honestly and remain understanding when they see changes in their children’s behavior. B. the older people D. millions of people in the USA B. around 25 C. from 1 to 25 D. more than 25 27. What the young people think and feel is important to all the American people
29. The students at colleges pay special attention to the people_________.
Children react(反应) differently to an earthquake depending on their ages, developmental levels and former experiences. Some will remain silent and not communicate with people, while others will have angry outbursts(爆发). Parents should keep an eye on each child’s reactions. Parents should spend time talking to their children, letting them know that it’s OK to ask questions and to share their worries. Although it may be hard to find time to have these talks, parents can use regular family meal times or bed times for them. They should answer questions shortly and honestly and be sure to ask their children for their opinions and ideas. Problems may come up more than once and parents should remain patient when you answer the questions again. After talking about the earthquake with young children, parents might read their favorite story or have a relaxing family activity to help them calm down. Parents should also tell children they are safe and should spend more time with them. They could play games outside or read together indoors. Most importantly, be sure to tell them you love them. 31. What’s the passage mainly about? A. How to prepare before an earthquake happens B. What to do in an earthquake C. How to face the loss of a loved one in an earthquake
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D. How to help children recover mentally (精神上) from an earthquake 32. The underlined “contend with” in Para. 1 can be changed into “______”. A. deal with B. make up C. put off D. turn to 33. When children ask the same question again, parents should _______. A. read a favorite story to them B. ask them to do some housework C. be patient and answer the question again D. take them out to play games 34. Which of the following pieces of advice is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Keep a close watch on children’s behavior B. Tell the children they are safe C.Tell the children you love them D.Ask educational experts(专家) for help 35. What can we know from the passage? A. All people will recover from an earthquake quickly. B. Children may need a longer time to recover after an earthquake. C. Children should turn to their classmates for help after an earthquake. D. Children react in the same way as adults do to an earthquake. C We all enjoy the colors of autumn leaves. The changing fall leaves never fail to surprise us. Did you ever wonder how and why a fall leaf changes color? Where do the yellows and oranges come from? To answer those questions, we first have to understand what leaves are and what they do.
Leaves are nature's food factories. Plants take water from the ground through their roots. They take a gas called carbon dioxide from the air. Plants use sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose(葡萄糖). Oxygen is a gas in the air that we need to breathe. Glucose is a kind of sugar. Plants use glucose as food for energy and as a building block for growing. The way plants turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar is called photosynthesis(光合作用). their green color. As summer ends and autumn comes, the days get shorter and shorter. This is how the trees "know" to begin getting ready for winter. During winter, there is not enough light or water for photosynthesis. The trees will rest, and live on the food they stored during summer. They begin to shut down their food-making factories. The green chlorophyll disappears from the leaves. As the bright green dies away, we begin to see yellow and orange colors. Small amounts of these colors have been in the leaves all along. We just can't see them in summer, because they are covered up by the green chlorophyll. The bright reds and purples we see in leaves are made mostly in the fall. In some trees, like maples, glucose is trapped in the leaves after photosynthesis stops. Sunlight and the cool nights of autumn cause the leaves to turn this glucose into a red color. The brown color of trees like oaks is made from wastes left in the leaves. 36. The writer asked some questions in the beginning in order to____________. A. persuade readers to believe something B. offer something to think over C. get the readers excited D. introduce the topic of the passage 37. Which of the following is TRUE about photosynthesis? A. Oxygen and water are produced by plants. B. Glucose provides energy and food for plants to grow. C. Sunlight is turned into sugar as plants’ food. D. Glucose produces chlorophyll that plants need. 38. Leaves are green in summer because_________________. A. green chlorophyll offers a green color for leaves B. sunlight turns water and carbon dioxide into a green color C. there are no other colors in the leaves except green D. glucose gives leaves thei r green color 39. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Trees don't change colors with seasons. B. Trees can still perform photosynthesis well in winter. C. Trees have colors like yellow and orange even in summer. D. Trees don't need food in winter. 40. What can be the best title of the passage? A chemical called chlorophyll (叶绿素)helps make photosynthesis happen. Chlorophyll is what gives plants
A. We Love the Beautiful Fall Leaf Colors C. Why Do Leaves Change Color in Fall? D
B. Chlorophyll and the Fall Leaf Colors D. How Do Trees’ Food Factories Work?
In England three foreign gentlemen came to a bus stop. They studied the information on the post sign and decided which bus to take. About five minutes later the bus they wanted came along. They prepared to get on. Suddenly people rushed onto the bus and tried to push them out of the way. Someone shouted insulting words about the foreigners. The bus conductor came rushing down the stairs to see what all the trouble was about. The three foreign gentlemen looked puzzled and ashamed. No one had told them about the British custom of lining up for a bus so that the first person who arrived at a bus-stop is the first person to get on the bus. Learning the language of a country isn’t enough. If you want to ensure a pleasant visit, find out as much as possible about the manners and customs of your hosts. You will probably be surprised just how different they can be from your own. A visitor to India would do well to remember that people there consider it impolite to use the left hand for passing food at table. The left hand should be used for washing yourself. Also in India, You might see a man apparently shaking his head at another and consider that he is disagreeing. But in many parts of India shaking one’s head means expressing agreement. Nodding your head when offered a drink in Bulgaria is likely to leave you thirsty. In that country you shake your head to express “yes” — a nod means “no”. In Europe it is quite usual to cross your legs when sitting, talking to someone, even at an important meeting. Doing this when meeting an important person in Thailand, however, could cause offence (冒犯). It is considered too informal an attitude for such an occasion. Also when in Thailand avoid touching the head of an adult — it’s just not done. Attitudes to women vary a lot around the world. In Japan, for example, it is quite usual for men to plan evening entertainments for themselves and leave their wives at home. Knowing about customs and attitudes is useful when you are traveling, but you also need to know the language used to express different degrees of formality (礼节). 41. The three foreign gentlemen looked puzzled and ashamed because ________. A. they didn’t know the English language B. the bus conductor told them to jump the queue C. they didn’t know the custom of lining up for a bus D. they thoug ht they were not respected 42. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “insulting” in Para. 1? A. generous B. entertaining C. misunderstanding D. rude 43. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to this passage? A. In Europe, using the left hand is considered less respected. B. In India, the left hand is not used as a sign of respect to others. C. In Thailand, you’d better cross your legs when sitting or talking. D. In Japan, it is considered bad manners to touch the head of an adult.
44. The underlined sentence “Nodding your head when offered a drink in Bulgaria is likely to leave you thirsty” means in Bulgaria _______. A. you are probably thirsty if you nod your head B. you’re possibly eager to have a drink if you nod your head C. you probably refuse to drink when you nod your head D. you’d like to have a cup of tea because you nod you r head 45. We can infer from the passage that _________. A. in Asian countries, women are equal to men in every field B. learning a language well is a necessity before going abroad C. attitudes to women vary a lot around the world. D. in Japan, men are still the centre of the family
III. 用以下所给英语词语造句， 并将答案填写在答题卡上的相应位置（共 5 小题； 每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
46. in trouble 49. as a matter of fact 47. with the help of 50. dream of 48. play a part in
IV. 将以下中文句子翻译成英语， 并将答案填写在答题卡上的相应位置 （共 5 小题； 每小题 4 分，满分 20 分）
51. 目前在中国学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。 （Book1，unit2，Page10） 52. 从大学毕业后，我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。 （Book1，unit3，Page18） 53. 我的目标是给人类提供高质量的生活。 （Book2，unit3，Page18） 54. 说实在的，很多人把名利看得很重。 （Book2，unit5，Page34） 55. 我是在德国碰见我的朋友的。 （用强调句翻译）
V．写作 (共 1 题；满分 20 分)
请根据以下的说明内容，使用连贯的英语句子写一篇短文。 【写作情景】 假若你是某高中学生李华，进入高中后， 你觉得学英语的方式与初中有很大的不同。 你给自己的英语老师写了一封信，讲述自己的英语学习情况。请你根据下面的提示补全此 信。 【写作内容】 1. 开始学习高中英语时，觉得学习英语有很多困难，难得让他几乎丧失信心； 2. 后来逐渐意识到英语的重要性； 3. 每天努力学习英语，例如多读书，多背诵英语课文等； 4. 向老师和同学请教更好的学习英语的方法； 5. 他们的帮助和您的鼓励使我取得了很大的进步，现在对英语越来越感兴趣。
【写作要求】 字数在 100 字左右。参考词汇：背诵：recite 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 Dear Mr. Li, I’m glad to tell you that I have improved a lot in my English study since I became a senior high student. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Thank you so much for your great help in your class. Wish you all the best. Yours, Li Hua
肇庆市 2013-2014 学年第一学期统一检测题 英语科参考答案
I．语言知识及运用 第一节：完形填空 第二节：语法填空 16.After 21 .cruelly II．阅读理解： 41-45: CDBCD III. 造句： （答案略） IV. 翻译： 51、Nowadays, the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. 52、After graduating from college, we finally had the chance to take a bicycle trip. 53、My goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. 54、To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. 55、It was in Germany that I met my friend. V．写作: 参考范文 Dear Mr. Li, I’m glad to tell you that I have improved a lot in my English study since I became a senior high student. When I started to learn senior English in the beginning, I had much difficulty in learning English. I found it so difficult that I almost lost heart. Later, I gradually realized the importance of English. As a result, I worked hard every day, such as reading and reciting English texts as often as possible. I also went to ask my teachers and classmates for better ways of learning English. It is their help and your encouragement that help me make great progress in my English. And now I’m getting more and more interested in it. Thank you so much for y our great help in your class. Wish you all the best. Yours, Li Hua 17.moving 22.died 18.whom 23.their 19.a 24.importance 31-35：DACDB 20.on/upon 25.as 36-40: DBACC 1-5：CBCAD 6-10：DBCDA 11-15：BAADD
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