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高一英语阅读理解分类训练与解析(生活、体育、文化、新闻、自然类) 2


高一英语阅读理解试题(生活类)
(1) Computers are very important to modern life. Many people think that in the future computers will be used in lots of everyday life. It is thought that we won?t have to go shopping because we will be able to get most things which are sold in shops on the Internet. There will be no more books because we will be able to get all texts from computers. The Internet will be used to play games, see films and buy food. Most telephone calls will be made by computers, too. Some people are glad about these new ways of shopping and communicating(交际). Others do not think that computers will replace our old ways. Let?s look at books, for example. Some people think that one day we will not read books made of paper. Instead, we will buy and read books using computers. We will read texts on small pocket computers. The computers will keep many different books in them at the same time. We won?t need to turn lots of pages and paper will be saved. Computerized(计算机化) books will be used more and more. Is Internet shopping such a pleasure as going to the shop? Many people say it is not. It is a pleasure to go in to shops and look at things you want to buy. It is also unlikely that many people will want to read large texts on our computers. Because paper books will perhaps be more friendly. Maybe computers won?t change these two habits. 1. In paragraph(段落)1 it is thought people will use computers for _______. A. playing games, shopping and making telephone calls B. making telephone calls, having meals and seeing films C. seeing films, buying food, and going for holidays D. playing games, making telephone calls and seeing the doctor 2. Which reason for using computerized books is NOT said in the passage? A. Computerized books won?t be very expensive. B. Computers can keep many different books in them. C. We won?t have lots of pages. D. We won?t need any paper. 3. Paragraph 4 tells _______.

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A. about the old and new ways of shopping and communicating B. if the Internet will change our habits C. about computerized books D. about future uses of computers 4. The title for this passage is _______. A. Computers will Replace Shops and Books B. Computers Are the Future C. Computers will Do Everything for Man D. How Computers Change Our Habits 【答案与解析】 本文主要叙述计算机在未来生活中的应用以及计算机能否改变我们的一 些生活习惯的问题。 1. A。细节题。在第一自然段中我们可知在未来计算机会涉及到我们日常生活的方方面 面,其中提到了购物、玩游戏、看电影和打电话。 2. A。细节题。从文章的第三自然段中可知计算机可同时贮存许多本书,这样我们就不 再看书本了,并且还节约了纸,computerized(计算机化) books 被使用的越来越多。但有一 点理由没有说,那就是 computerized books 是非常贵的。 3. B。语义理解题。计算机虽给我们带来了许多便利,但有些人仍然喜欢到商店购物, paper books 仍旧受许多人的青睐,那么这 Internet 将是否改变人们的习惯呢? 4. B。主旨题。纵读全文(特别是开头的两句)可知,计算机与我们的生活息息相关,所 以说…computers are the future。

(2) Paragraph 1 Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. They are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds. (2) citrus(柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; (4) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal(谷类), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter. Paragraph 2 People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things.
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Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn?t matter whether foods are eaten raw(生的) or cooked, canned or frozen. It doesn?t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o?clock in the afternoon or at eleven o?clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day. Paragraph 3 There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on earth. The first is to find some ways to feed the world?s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy. 1. According to the scientists, which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch? A. chicken, apples, cereal, cabbages B. potatoes, carrots, rice, bread C. oranges, bananas, fish, tomatoes D. beef, pork, fish, milk 2. It is important for people to eat _______. A. three times a day B. dinner at twelve o?clock C. cooked food all the day D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day 3. People in different countries and different places of the world _______. A. has the right kinds of food to eat B. cooks their food in the same way C. has their meals at the same time D. eat food in different ways 4. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People in some places don?t have enough to eat. B. There are too many people in the world.
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C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry. D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy. 5. If there is Paragraph 4, what do you think is going to be talked about? A. When people eat their lunch B. What to do with the two problems C. How to cook food in different ways D. Why people eat different kinds of food 【答案与解析】 文章第 1 段叙述人们每天必需的七类食品; 2 段说明了最重要的是吃 第 的是什么;最后一段介绍了要解决的两个问题。 1. A。细节判断题。根据文章中科学家所提供的人们每天必须的 7 类食品,可知作中餐 食品的 A 类最佳。 2. D。细节题。根据 Paragraph 2 可知人们每天吃几餐不重要;在哪个时间进食不重要; 吃生的或熟的、罐装的或冷冻的食品不重要,重要的是人们必须吃到这七类食品的每一种。 3. D。细节题。根据文章内容,不同的国家和地区,人们进食的方法也不一样。 4. C。细节题。在 Paragraph 3 里要解决的二个问题之一就是 find some ways to feed the world?s population so that no one is hungry(找到解决饥饿问题的方法)。所以 C 项说法是错误 的。 5. B。推断题。在 Paragraph 3 里提到要解决的两个问题,如果有 Paragraph 4,那么应 该就是议论如何来解决这两个问题。

(3) Most people around the world are right-handed. This also seems to be true in history. In 1799, scientists studied works of art made at different times from 1,500 B.C. to the 1950s. Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed, so the scientists guessed that right-handedness has always been common through history. Today, only about 10% to 15% of the world?s population is left-handed. Why are there more right-handed people than left-handed ones? Scientists now know that a person?s two hands each have their own jobs. For most people, the hand is used to find things or hold things. The right hand is used to work with things. This is because of the different work of the two sides of the brain. The right side of the brain, which makes a person?s hands and eyes
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work together, controls the left hand. The left-side of the brain, which controls the right hand, is the centre for thinking and doing problems. These findings show that more artists should be left-handed, and studies have found that left-handedness is twice as common among artists as among people in other jobs. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed instead of left-handed. Scientists have found that almost 40% of the people become left-handed because their main brain is damaged when they are born. However, this doesn?t happen to everyone, so scientists guess there must be another reason why people become left-handed. One idea is that people usually get right-handed from their parents. If a person does not receive the gene(基因) for right-handedness, he / she may become either right-handed or left-handed according to the chance and the people they work or live with. Though right-handedness is more common than left-handedness, people no longer think left-handed people are strange or unusual. A long time ago, left-handed children were made to use their right hands like other children, but today they don?t have to. 1. After studying works of art made at different times in history, the scientists found _______. A. the art began from 1,500 B.C. B. the works of art ended in the 1950s C. most people shown in the works of art are right-handed D. most people shown in the works of art are left-handed 2. How many people in the world are left-handed now? A. Less than one sixth. B. More than a half. C. About 40%. D. The passage doesn?t tell us.

3. What is the hand for most people used to do? A. It?s used to find or hold things. B. It?s used to work with things. C. It?s used to make a person?s eyes work together. D. It?s the centre for thinking and doing problems. 4. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed. B. Left-handedness is cleverer than right-handedness.
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C. Today children are not made to use their right hands only. D. Scientists think there must be some reason why people become left-handed. 5. The best title for this passage is _______. A. Scientists? New Inventions C. Which Hand B. Left-handed People D. Different Brains, Different Hands

【答案与解析】本文主要说明了为什么有的人习惯用右手,有的人习惯用左手。 1. C。细节题。在第 1 段中我们可找到这样的句子…Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed,所以答案是 C。 2. A。细节题。根据句子 Today, only about 10% to 15% of the world?s population is left-handed 我们可知现在世界人口中有 10%—15%的人是 left-handed, 那么与此数接近的应 该是 less than one sixth(不到六分之一)。 3. A。细节题。根据文章第 2 段第 3 句可知对大多数人而言,手用来 find or hold things。 4. B。判断题。根据文章内容,惯用左手的人比惯用右手的人聪明是没有依据的。 5. C。主旨题。文章告诉我们:有些人习惯用右手做事,有的人习惯用左手做事, 而 这种差异到底是怎样产生的呢?没有知道真正的原因,所以选 C。

(4) “If you want to see a thing well, reach out and touch it!” That may seem a strange thing to say. But touching things can help you to see them better. Your eyes can tell you that glass ball is round. But by holding it in your hands, you can feel how smooth and cool the ball is. You can feel how heavy the glass is. When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it. With your skin, you can feel better. For example, your fingers can tell the difference between two coins in your pocket. You can feel a little drop of water on the back of your hand, too. You can even feel sounds against your skin. Have you ever wanted to know why some people like very loud music? They must like to feel the sounds of music. All children soon learn what “Don?t touch!” means. They hear it often. Yet most of us keep on touching things as we grow up. In shops, we touch things we might buy, such as food, clothes and so on. To see something well, we have to touch it. The bottoms of our feet can feel things, too. You know this when you walk on warm sand,
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cool grass or a bad floor. All feel different under your feet. There are ways of learning to see well by feeling. One way is to close your eyes and try to feel everything that is touching your skin. Feel the shoes on your feet, the clothes on your body, the air on your skin. At first, it is not easy to feel these things. You are too used to them! Most museums are just for looking. But today some museums have some things to touch. Their signs say, “Do touch! There you can feel every thing on show. If you want to see better, reach out and touch. Then you?ll really see!” 1. By touching things _______. A. you will have a strange feeling B. you will learn how to reach out C. you can tell the difference between them D. you can tell what colors they are 2. Which of the following can be the best title of the story? A. Touching by Feeling C. To See Better — Feel B. To See or to Feel D. Ways of Feeling

3. When people buy things in shops, they often _______. A. try them on first C. just has a look B. put their right hand on them D. feel and touch them

4. Why does it say, “At first, it is not easy to feel these things?” A. The things are used by people, too. B. People are used to the things. C. People know how to use the things. D. The things are easy to feel. 5. Which of the following is true? A. Touching can help people learn things better. B. Our feet, fingers, hands and skin can help us enjoy music. C. People have to learn to see by feeling as they grow up. D. Visitors cannot feel the things on show in some museums. 【答案与解析】这篇文章通过许多例子告诉我们触摸的重要性。只有触摸才能真正地、
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更好地了解物体。 1. C。判断题。全文告诉你通过触摸你可以知道许多靠肉眼不能分辨的东西。touch 可 以让你知道物体的不同点。 2. C。主旨题。根据文章中出现的 When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it 以及 To see something well, we have to touch it 和 …to see well by feeling 等我们可以推测 出只有触摸,我们才能更好的看到并了解这个物体。因此答案为 C。 3. D。细节题。文章第 7 段第 2 行作者谈到我们在可能要买东西的时候会去触摸它,像 食物、衣服等等。由此句可知在买衣服时我们会去感觉和触摸它。 4. B。细节题。作者叫你去 feel the shoes on your feet...,但一开始人们并不习惯去感觉 它们,因为 you are too used to them。由此可知答案为 B。 5. A。判断题。全文的中心就是告诉我们触摸能帮助人们了解事物。因此答案是 A。

(5) Read the following time table and then answer the following question. Train Time Table lv. (Leave) Boston 5:10 AM EX.(Except)Sun. 7:10 AM Daily 9:10 AM Ex. Sat. & Sun. Ar. (Arrive) Midway 7:00 AM 9:00 AM 11:00 AM Ar. New York 10:45 AM 12:45 PM 2:45 PM

10:00 AM Ex. Hol.(Holiday) 11:45 AM … 1:15 PM Daily 3:40 PM Ex. Hol. 5:20 PM Daily 3:15 PM 5:40 PM 7:20 PM 5:45 PM 8:15 PM 9:55 PM

1. What is the shortest time between Boston and New York by train? A. 5 hours 35 minutes C. 4 hours 30 minutes B. 5 hours 5 minutes D. 4 hours 25 minutes

2. How many trains have to spend over five hours on the way from Boston to New York? A. 5 B. 3 C. 7 D. 2

3. On Christmas Day, how many trains at least can you take from Boston to New York? A. 2 B. 4 C. 5
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D. 3

【答案与解析】本文为从 Boston 到 New York 的列车时间表。 1.C。 计算比较题。 通过计算可发现从 Boston 到 New York 的 1:15 PM 列车只需要 4 hours 30 minutes 可推知此题答案为 C。 2.B。计算题。通过计算可发现 5:10 AM、7:10 AM、9:10 AM 这三辆列车从 Boston 到 New York 需要五个多小时,由此可推知此题答案为 B。 3. D。 判断题。 因为圣诞节属于节日, 所以不能乘坐 10:00 AM Ex. Hol. 和 3: PM Ex. 40 Hol. 这两班列车, 而圣诞节又可能是星期六或星期天, 所以有不能乘坐 5: AM Ex. Sun. 和 10 9:10 AM Ex. Sat. & Sun. 这两班列车。这样一定能乘坐的就只有三班车了。故选 D。

(6) Can you remember any of the bad habits you used to have when you were very young? Perhaps, as a baby, you used to suck your thumb(拇指). Of course, you do not do that any more, but you can surely remember your mother?s efforts to train you. The good habits you now have in such matters as personal cleanliness were part of this early training. We may not suck our thumbs any more, but as we get older we get other bad habits. We can?t give them up easily, either.(Anyone who has tried to give up smoking knows this very well!) Each period brings its own problems. In babyhood, it?s thumb-sucking; in childhood, it?s nail-biting; in our teens, it?s smoking; in middle-age, it?s over-eating, and so on. And if anyone tells you that he has no bad habits, you can be sure that he must have the worst habit of all. 1. Generally speaking, a child likes ______. A. sucking thumbs B. biting nails C. smoking D. eating too much cleanliness, for

2. According to the passage, now we have good habits such as personal which we benefit from _______. A. the social conditions C. our friends? kind help B. some strict rules D. our mothers? early training

3. At the end of the story the writer says "And if anyone tells you that he has no bad habits, you can be sure that he must have the worst habit of all". Here what do you suppose the worst habit is? A. Reading. B. Playing. C. Walking. D. Lying.

4. Which of the following is NOT true to the passage?
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A. It is very difficult to get rid of our habits. B. At different ages people have different bad habits. C. Giving up smoking is as difficult as giving up other bad habits. D. Sucking thumbs is a young child?s bad habit. 【答案与解析】本文主要讲人在不同的年龄阶段有不同的坏习惯,并且这些习惯都是 很难改掉的。 1. B。细节题。根据 …in childhood, it?s nail-biting 可知答案为 B。 2. D。细节题。根据第 1 段 …your mother?s efforts to train you. The good habits you now have in such matters as personal cleanliness were part of this early training 可知答案为 D。 3. D。判断题。根据常识每个人或多或少都有一点坏习惯,所以说如果一个人说他没有 坏习惯,他就是在说谎;而在所有的这些坏习惯中,说谎是个最大的坏习惯。所以此题答案 为 D。 4. D。细节题。根据原文 A、B、C 三项说法是正确的;根据原文第 2 段 In babyhood, it?s thumb-sucking; in childhood, it?s nail-biting 可知 D 项说法是错误的,所以此题答案为 D。

(7) How do you address(称呼) people in English when you want to talk to them? The following may be some simple rules the beginners should follow. 1. When talking to strangers there is often no special form of address in English. Usually, if you want to catch the attention of a stranger it is necessary to use such phrases as “Excuse me”. 2. In British English “Sir” and “Madam” are considered to be too formal(正式) for most situations. They are used mostly to customers(顾客) in shops or restaurants. While in American English “Sir” and “Madam” are not so formal and are commonly used between strangers, especially with older people whose names you don?t know. 3. When you talk to some people you know, you can use their names. If you are friends, use their first names; if your relationship is more formal, use “Mr”, “Mrs”, “Ms”, etc, before their family names. 4. There are many other forms of address which can be used between friends and strangers. However, many of these are limited in use. For example, “pal” and “mate” can be used between
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strangers, but are usually only used by men talking to other men. 1. According to the passage, “Excuse me” is mainly used to ______. A. address a person you don?t know C. catch the attention of a stranger B. apologize to others D. suggest good manners

2. If John Smith is your best friend, according to the passage you should often call him ______. A. John B. Smith C. Mr John D. Mr Smith

3. Which of the following is NOT true? A. “Sir” and “Madam” are used more often in America than in England. B. People often use “Mr”, “Mrs” or “Ms” before the first names of who they don?t know very well. C. “Pal” and “mate” are usually only used between men. D. While addressing friends, people just use their first names 4. The passage is most likely taken from an English _______. A. textbook B. card C. storybook D. grammar book those people

【答案与解析】本文主要介绍了在英国当你想和他人谈话时,怎样称呼他们才最合适。 1. C。 细节题。 根据第 1 条 if you want to catch the attention of a strange it is necessary to use such phrases as “Excuse me” 可知答案为 C。 2. A。细节题。根据第 3 条 If you are friends, use their first names 可知答案为 A。 3. B。 细节题。 根据原文可知 A、 D 三项说法是正确的; C、 根据第 3 条 if your relationship is more formal, use “Mr”, “Mrs”, etc, before their family names 可知 B 项说法是错误的,所以 此题答案为 B。 4. A。判断题。根据常识可知 card(卡片)、storybook(故事书)、grammar book(语法书) 里都不能有这种文章,只有 textbook(课本)中才可能有这种文章,所以答案为 A。

(9) People are so busy these days that many people have no time to cook. This becomes a problem, because most families love home cooking! The food tastes good and warm, and a family meal brings everyone together. In some families, meals are often the only times everyone sees one another at the same time.
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Another reason people enjoy home cooking is that it is often a way of showing love. A parent who makes some cookies is not just satisfying a child?s sweet tooth. She or he is sending a message. The message says, “I care about you enough to spend an hour making cookies that you will eat up in 15 minutes if I let you.” There is also something about the smell of home cooking. The smell of home cooking pleases people of all ages. It makes most of us feel good and loved, even if we are the ones doing the cooking! Next time you smell a cake making, stop for a moment and pay attention to your mood(心情). 1. Why do fewer people cook now? A. They are lazy. C. Many people don?t like cooking. B. They are too busy. D. They don?t like family meals.

2. A parent spends an hour making cookies _______. A. just to satisfy her or his child?s sweet tooth B. only to send a message C. to let a child eat up in 15 minutes D. often to show her or his love 3. The writer thinks the smell of home cooking _______. A. makes us happy B. makes us be interested in cooking C. makes us pay attention to our mood D. makes us love others 4. What?s the main idea of this passage? A. Family meals are important. C. People are too busy to cook. B. How to make cookies. D. Homemade cookies taste better

【答案与解析】 本文讲述了人们很喜欢家常饭菜的原因。 因为家里做的饭菜代表着美味、 温暖、爱心,同时给家人带来心情的愉悦。 1. B。文章第 1 句 people are so busy...(人们太忙了,所以很多人没时间在家做饭),根据 此句可知如今人们很少在家做饭的原因是 B。 2. A。文章第 2 段说父母传递的一个信息是:我用了一个小时给你做饭,如果你爱我, 你要在 15 分钟内吃完。由此可推知如果用了一个小时做饭,显示了他们对小孩的爱。
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3. A。家常饭菜让人闻了会怎样?文章第 3 段第 2 句可告诉我们:家常饭的香味能够让 不同年龄的人高兴。由此可知选 A。 4. A。文章通过写人们对家常菜的喜爱及家常菜给人们带来的快乐说明在家做饭是很重 要的。

(12) One silly question I simply can?t stand is “How do you feel?” Usually the question is asked of a man in action—a man on the go, walking along the streets, or busily working at his desk. So what do you expect him to say? He?ll probably say, “Fine, I?m all right,” but you have put a bug(小虫子) in his ear—maybe now he?s not sure. If you are a good friend, you may have seen something in his face, or his walk, that he overlooked(忽略) that morning. It starts worrying him a little. First thing you know, he looks in a mirror to see if everything is all right, while you go merrily on your way asking someone else “How do you feel?” Every question has its time and place. It?s perfectly acceptable, for instance, to ask “How do you feel?” if you?re visiting a close friend in the hospital. But if the fellow is walking on both legs, hurrying to take a train, or sitting at his desk working, it?s silly to ask him that silly question. When George Bernard Shaw, the famous writer of plays, was in his eighties, someone asked him. “How do you feel?” Shaw put him in his place. “When you reach my age”, he said, “either you feel all right or you?re dead.” 1. According to the writer, greetings such as “How do you feel?” _______. A. show one?s consideration for others B. are a good way to make friends C. are proper to ask a man in action D. generally make one feel uneasy

2. The question “How do you feel?” seems to be correct and suitable when asked of _______. A. a man working at his desk B. a person having lost a close friend C. a stranger who looks somewhat worried D. a friend who is ill 3. George Bernard Shaw?s reply in the passage shows his _______. A. cheerfulness C. ability B. cleverness D. politeness
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4. “You?ve put a bug in his ear” means that you?ve _______. A. made him laugh C. made fun of him B. shown concern for him D. given him some kind of warning

【答案与解析】文章告诉我们,在通常情况下,我们不宜用 How do you feel? 来问候别 人,除非你是看去看望住院的好友。 1. D。判断题。根据第 1 句话 One silly question I simply can?t stand is “How do you feel?” 可以看出作者的鲜明观点。 2. D。 语义理解题。 根据 It?s perfectly acceptable, for instance, to ask “How do you feel?” if you?re visiting a close friend in the hospital 可以看出答案选 D。 3. B。判断题。从最后一句话,即萧伯纳的答语“When you reach my age,” he said, “either you feel all right or you?re dead.” 可以看出他的聪明所在。 4. D。语义理解题。 从第 1 段中的 It starts worrying him a little 可以判断出该句的含义。

(13) A strange thing happens to nearly everybody at night. They turn off the lights, pull up the covers and close their eyes. Six or seven sleeping hours later, they wake up again. Strange, isn?t it? Sleep puzzles science. Scientists and doctors would rather talk about why one can?t fall asleep. They are not sure what causes sleep. The best conditions for sleep are good health and meal neither too big nor too small. No worries and a comfortable place are important, too. They advise against two in bed. Strange things happen during sleep. For example, they move often. You would feel tired if you didn?t. You also dream. Part of your brain is still awake when you dream. Dreaming happens when the memory and imagination in parts of your brain are still awake. Experiments have shown most of us dream in color. Bad dreams may be caused by stomachache. Don?t worry if you dream. Some great stories and poems were begun while their writers slept. 1. Sleep puzzles scientists because they are not certain _______. A. why one can?t fall asleep B. why one wakes up C. both A and B D. what causes sleep

2. The best conditions for sleep are _______. A. good health B. a meal neither too big nor too small
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C. no worries

D. good health, limited meal, no worries and a good place

3. You would feel tired during sleep if you _______. A. moved too often C. didn?t move B. slept on your back D. went to sleep late

4. The best title for the passage is _______. A. How Can You Get a Good Sleep B. The Strangeness of Sleep C. What Happens During Sleep D. The Causes of Dream 【答案与解析】 人为什么要睡觉?怎样才能睡得香呢?睡觉时为什么做梦呢?做梦要紧 吗?本文一一进行了解答。 1. D。语义理解题。只要看到第 2 段第 3 句话 They are not sure what causes sleep.,答案 不言自明。 2. D。 语义理解题。 由第 2 段第四、 五句话 The best conditions for sleep are good health and meal neither too big nor too small. No worries and a comfortable place are important, too 可知答 案。 3. C。语义理解题。由第 3 段第 3 句话 You would feel tired if you didn?t (move) 可知答 案。 4. B。从文章意思来看,A 项明显不符,C 项内容片面,D 项文中没有说明,所以应选 B 项。

(14) When you buy a T-shirt, or a fur coat in a store, it often carries a label(标签) telling who made it or from what store it was bought. Indeed, some labels show the dress is famous and it is very expensive, so buyers secretly wish they might be carried for ever. On the other hand, buyers who deal with the cheapest products(产品) would be pleased to do away with labels entirely. However, There is another label more important than the one showing from which store the dress was bought. When a person buys a fur coat, or a jacket, from a store, a label telling what the product is made of should be carried to it. This label is required by law. Besides telling what the product on show is made of, the label
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should be in clear English and be where one can find it easily. The information on the label must be the truth. The reason for this label is that most buyers today aren?t expert enough to know exactly what kind of fur or material they are buying. The buyer must believe in the store that sells the products or in what the labels say. 1. The law requires that furs carry a _______. A. clean label C. white label B. clear label D. secret label

2. In the article, the author says a little about _______. A. black — market furs C. chemical laboratories B. managers? office D. clothing stores

3. This article mainly refers to _______. A. making furs and clothes C. keeping the buyer informed B. protecting buyers with law D. businessmen and sellers

4. The author doesn?t agree that ______. A. buyers buy the clothes without labels B. clothing stores sell cheap dresses C. all the products have labels D. labels are not true 5. Which of the following is true? A. A T-Shirt seldom carries a label. B. A fur coat with a high price often carries a false label. C. A label only says what material the product is made of. D. Not all buyers know the material they are buying. 【答案与解析】衣服上都有标签,根据法律规定,标签上的内容必须真实,因为许多顾 客不能确切知道他们所买衣服的质地。 1. B。语义理解题。从第 3 段内容可以判断。 2. D。判断题。从文章内容来看,A、B、C 三项内容根本没提到,只有 D 项内容略有 涉猎。 3. C。主旨题。文章主要是告诉人们衣服标签的作用,所以,答案选 C。
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4. D。 判断题。 从文章叙述的语气, 特别是第 3 段最后一句话 The information on the label must be the truth. 可以看出作者的态度。 5. D。 判断题。 从最后一段第 1 句话 The reason for this label is that most buyers today aren?t expert enough to know exactly what kind of fur or material they are buying 可以做出正确判断。

(15) When I asked my daughter which item she would keep: the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said “the phone”. Personally, I could do without the phone entirely, which makes me unusual. Because the telephone is changing our lives more than any other piece of technology. Point 1 The telephone creates need to communicate, in the same way that more roads create more traffic. My daughter comes home at 4:00 pm and then spends an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to talk about? Point 2 The mobile phone means that we are never alone. “The mobile saved my life,” says Crystal Johnstone. She had an accident in her Volvo on the A45 between Otley and Skipton. Trapped inside, she managed to make the call that brought the ambulance(救护车)to her rescue. Point 3 The mobile phone removes our secret. It allows Manager of Haba Deutsch, Carl Nicolaisen, to ring his sales staff all round the world at any time of day to ask where they are, where they are going, and how their last meeting went. Point 4 The telephone separates us. Antonella Bramante in Rome says, “We worked in separate offices but I could see him through the window. It was easy to get his number. We were so near — but we didn't meet for the first two weeks!” Point 5 The telephone allows us to reach out beyond our own lives. Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously(同时地) on chat lines(at least my daughter does. I wouldn't know what to talk about). We can talk across the world. We can even talk to astronauts(if you know any) while they're space-walking. And, with the phone line hooked up to the computer, we can access(存取) the Internet, the biggest library on Earth. 1. How do you understand “ Point 1—The telephone creates the need to communicate” ? A. People don't communicate without telephone.
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B. People communicate because of the creating of the telephone. C. People communicate more since telephone has been created. D. People communicate more because of more traffic. 2. Which points do you think best support the idea that phones improve people's life? A. Point 3 and point 4 C. Point 1 and point 3 B. Point 1 and point 5 D. Point 2 and point 5

3. It is possible to talk to several complete strangers simultaneously through _______. A. the TV screen B. a fax machine C. the phone line hooked up to the computer D. a microphone 【答案与解析】本文阐述了电话不仅仅改变了我们的生活,其好处不胜枚举。 1. C。 语义理解题。 2 段最后一句话 If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to 第 talk about? 已经作了最好的解释。 2. D。判断题。因为 Point 1 讲的是 The telephone creates need to communicate,Point 3 讲的是 The mobile removes our secret, Point 4 讲的是 The telephone separates us,只有 Point 2 和 Point 5 是讲 phones improve people's life。 3. C。细节题。根据 Point 5 中的 Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously on chat lines 可知答案为 C。

(16) Many Japanese never take their vacations they should enjoy, but with the coming of “Golden Week”, a series(系列) of holidays following one after another in late April and early May, they pour out of the country by tens of thousands. The most popular place they go to is Hawaii, but Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan are also favoured. The typical Japanese abroad, as it is reported, travel for about a week and spends, as average, $2, 800 on airline tickets, hotels and gifts for friends and relatives. It may seem high, but it?s cheap for the Japanese, who would have to spend a lot more if they spend a week touring (making a journey) their own country. 1. Many Japanese _______. A. don?t enjoy taking vacations B. enjoy touring in Golden Week
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C. don?t have vacations

D. enjoy staying at home

2. The period in late April and early May is called Golden Week because _______. A. the week is made of gold days B. it is warm for people to tour C. holidays come one after another in this period D. it is still spring then 3. Which of the following is true? A. The Japanese never enjoy travelling more than one week. B. The Japanese like best to travel to some part in the U. S. by air. C. Travelling at home cost less than abroad for the Japanese. D. Hawaii is the most beautiful place to visit in Asia. 4. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Vacations for the Japanese B. Costs of Travelling in Japan C. Places the Japanese Enjoy Travelling to D. Japanese in Golden Week 【答案与解析】本文报道了日本人黄金周的活动情况。 1. B。细节题。根据第 1 句后面的并列分句…they pour out of the country by tens of thousands 可推知此题答案为 B。 2. C。细节题。根据第 1 句后面的并列分句 a series(系列)of holidays following one after another 可推知此题答案为 C。 3. B。 细节题。 根据第 2 句 The most popular place they go to is Hawaii 及后面的$2, 800 on airline tickets 可推知此题答案为 B。 4. D。主旨题。根据文章内容,就可以很容易推出答案为 D。

(18) Last week the manager of an old jeweler?s shop received a letter marked “personal”, so of course his secretary gave it to him unopened. As he was very busy, the letter lay on his desk till tea-time. Then he opened it and a £10 note fell out onto his desk. With the note was a short letter.
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This is what it said: Dear sir, In 1935 I got engaged. But unfortunately at that time there was a lot of unemployment and I lost my job. I was six months without a job and then I got work again. But of course was very short of money. I came to your shop to buy a wedding ring. The assistant brought some rings for me to look at, but she was called away for a moment, and I put one of the rings in my pocket. When she came back, I said I did not know the size of my girl-friend?s finger. So I left the shop without buying a ring. My wife died a short while ago and the fact that I never paid for her ring has been on my conscience (良心) all these years. At the time the ring cost £2 so I reckon (估计) that is about £10 at today?s price. And I am sending you that amount. Yours truly, A customer “Well, well, well,” said the manager, “life is full of surprises!” 1. The best headline for this article would be _______. A. A Customer Pays His Bill B. An Old Jeweler?s Shop C. The Manager and the Letter D. A Letter with £10 2. Why didn?t the secretary open the letter? Because _______. A. he was very busy C. there was a £10 note in it B. it was a personal letter D. the letter was unimportant

3. What happened to the writer of the letter in 1935? A. He was engaged to a girl. C. He lost a ring. 4. What was true about the assistant? A. She lost her job. B. She was short of money. C. She was called away while serving the customer. D. She put one of the rings in her pocket.
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B. He was out of work for six months. D. Both A and B.

【答案与解析】本文讲述了珠宝店的老板收到一封付款信的故事。 1. A。主旨题。根据故事的内容:珠宝店的老板收到一封顾客付款信,可推知此题答案 为 A。 2. B。细节题。根据文章第 1 段第 1 句 …the manager of an old jeweler?s shop received a letter marked “personal”… 可推知此题答案为 B。 3. D。推断题。根据来信的第 1 句 I got engaged 和第 3 句 I was six months without a job… 可推知此题答案为 D。 4. C。细节题。根据为来信第 1 段倒数第 3 句 The assistant brought some rings for me to look at, but she was called away for a moment… 可推知此题答案为 C。

(19) Chemists have been studying why people cry. They say the body produces two kinds of tears. One kind cleans out the eye if it gets dirt in it. But when people cry because of their feelings, these tears have poisonous chemicals in them. The body is getting rid of chemicals produced by strong feelings. In the United States men have heart diseases more often than women do. Doctors say heart disease and some other diseases are related(有关的) to the pressures of living and working in a modern society. Perhaps men suffer more from these diseases because they do not cry enough. And it is possible that as more and more women work outside the home, they will also suffer from more pressure. Then everyone will need to cry more. 1. Which of the following is happening now? A. More men than women are now crying. B. More women are now working outside their homes. C. Heart diseases are on the rise. D. The poison found in tears is killing more and more people 2. What is living in a modern society doing to some people? A. Making them cry. B. Driving them mad. C. Making them produce chemicals. D. Giving them heart diseases.
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3. Why do people cry? A. To get rid of poisonous substances produced by strong feelings. B. Because they have to work outside their homes. C. Because they don?t know how to prevent heart diseases. D. For no reason at all. 【答案与解析】本文介绍了眼泪的种类和作用,并建议在现代社会人们都需要多哭泣。 1. B。 细节题。 根据文章第 2 段倒数第 2 句 …it is possible that as more and more women work outside the home, they will also suffer from more pressure 可推知此题答案为 B。 2. D。 推断题。 根据文章第 2 段第 2 句 Doctors say heart disease and some other diseases are related to the pressures of living and working in a modern society 可推知此题答案为 D。 3. A。主旨题。根据文章首、尾句及全文内容可推知此题答案为 A。

(20) HOW TO QUIT SMOKING When thinking about quitting (giving up)… List all the reasons why you want to quit. Every night before going to bed, repeat one of the reasons 10 times. Decide positively that you want to quit. Try to avoid negative(消极的) thoughts about how difficult it might be. Develop strong personal reasons in addition to your health and obligations(责 任) to others. For example, think of all the time you waste taking cigarette breaks, rushing out to buy a pack, hunting for a light, etc. Set a date for quitting — perhaps a special day like your birthday or a holiday. If you smoke heavily at work, quit during your vacation. Make the date sacred seriously, and don?t let anything change it. Begin to condition yourself physically; start a modest(适度的) exercise; drink more water; get plenty of rest. Immediately after quitting… The first few days after you quit, spend as much free time as possible in places where smoking is prohibited(forbidden), e.g. libraries, museums, theatres, departments stores, etc. Drink large quantities of water and fruit juice. Try to avoid wine, coffee, and other drinks which remind you of cigarette smoking. Strike up a conversation with someone instead of a match for a cigarette.
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If you miss the sensation(感觉) of having a cigarette in your hand, play with something else-a pencil, a pen or a ruler. If you miss having something in your mouth, try a toothpick or a fake(仿制的) cigarette. 1. Which of the following statements is best supported by the author? A. Whenever you feel like a cigarette, try to forget it by starting a conversation with someone. B. Try to be an ice-breaker before asking for a light. C. If you miss the sensation of having a cigarette in your mouth, play with a pen. D. Every night before going to bed, repeat the reasons 10 times. 2. From the passage, we know smokers _______. A. waste a lot of time smoking B. have to stop to smoke from time to time C. can only quit smoking during their holiday D. start a modest and easy exercise 3. The author suggested _______. A. all kinds of drinks be avoided immediately after quitting B. drinking water and fruit juice immediately after quitting C. trying low-tar(低焦油) cigarettes immediately after quitting D. spending as much time as possible in public places 4. If the article is in a newspaper, which section it is in? A. Sports. B. News. C. Health D. Culture.

【答案与解释】众所周知,吸烟有害健康,但对烟民来说戒烟并非易事。作者从烟民开 始实施戒烟和戒烟成功初期两个时段向读者提出了很多很好的建议。 1. A。 细节题。 根据 Strike up a conversation with someone instead of a match for a cigarette 可知答案。 2. A。细节题。根据 …think of all the time you waste taking cigarette breaks… 可知答案。 3. B。细节题。根据 Drink large quantities of water and fruit juice 可知答案。 4. C。主旨题。根据常识,戒烟是为了健康,故选 C。

(21)
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When you are travelling, whether on business or for pleasure, you often need to stay in a hotel. The kind of hotel you choose probably is decided above all according to how much money you want to spend. There are small hotels with very few services, where the prices are low, or there are large hotels with all the very latest comforts, where you could spend all the money you have in the bank for one very comfortable night. There are several different kinds of people who go to hotels. Some want to live, rather than just stay, in a hotel; the hotels which are designed to meet their needs are called residential hotels. However, most people who stay in hotels are either business people or tourists on holiday. In most hotels, there are two kinds of rooms: single rooms, for the use of one person, and double rooms, for the use of two people. In addition, in large hotels, there are also suites(套房), which include two or more rooms connected together—perhaps a bed-room and a living room. They are for people who are very rich or very important. 1. One?s choice of a particular hotel is made mainly according to _______. A. how much one is willing to pay for a night B. whether one is travelling on business or for pleasure C. whether the hotel is in the central part of a city D. how good the services of the hotel are 2. If the president of a certain country comes, he will _______. A. live in a new hotel with a suite C. stay in a double room of a hotel B. stay in a single room of a hotel D. stay in a suite of a modern hotel

3. If a person stays in a modern hotel with latest comforts for a night, _______. A. he will become poor B. he has to pay a lot of money C. he has to spend all the money he has in the bank D. he has to pay some money 4. The title of the article is probably _______. A. Rooms of a Hotel C. Hotels B. Cost of a Hotel D. People staying in Hotels

【答案与解析】我们出行时少不了要住宾馆,在选择房间时,我们不仅仅只考虑经济实 惠,还要考虑宾馆的服务态度和个人实情等。
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1. A。细节题。从第 1 段第 2 句 The kind of hotel you choose probably is decided above all according to how much money you want to spend 可知答案为 A。 2. D。判断题。第 3 段中讲 there are also suites…for people who are very rich or very important,而总统自然是很重要的人物,故选 D。 3. B。 判断题。 从第 1 段最后一句话中的 …or there are large hotels with all the very latest comforts, where you could spend all the money you have in the bank for one very comfortable night 可以做出正确判断。 4. D。主旨题。综合文章内容可知,答案应该是 D。

(24) 218 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 28774 May 7th, 2002

Social Security Administration 2119 Main Street Philadelphia, PA 28000 Dear Social Security, I am applying for a new Social Security Card. I lost my old one last week, I was walking home from the subway station, and I pulled a tissue(纸巾)out of my pocket and lost my wallet at the same time. My card was in my wallet. Please send me a new card. If you can get the card to me within two weeks, please sent it to the address at the top of the page. If it will take longer than this, then you will have to send it to my new address. I am moving on May 23rd to 103 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 28445 If you can send my new card within two weeks, I would be very pleased. I am applying for a new job at Ventura Savings Bank, and I know they will want to have my Social Security Number. Unfortunately I have forgotten it, so I will need my card to find out. On my old card I was called Victoria Matthews. Since then I have gotten married. Please issue my new card in my married name: Victoria Villata. In case you need more information about me to hunt down my old number,
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my date of birth was September 11, 1985. Thank you very much. Sincerely Victoria Villata 1. Why does Mrs. Villata need a new Social Security Card? A. She is moving. B. She lost the old one. C. She has just gotten married. D. She doesn?t remember her Social Security Number. 2. Why does Mrs. Villata give the Social Security Administration her date of birth? A. She wants them to know old she is. B. She is afraid they may have lost her Social security Card. C. She thinks it will help them track down her Social Security Number. D. She thinks that the older she is, the more social Security she will get. 3. Which part of Victoria Villata?s letter is LEAST important to the Social Security administration? A. The fact that she has changed her name. B. The fact that her card should be send to a new address. C. The fact that she needs a replacement of Social Security Card. D. The fact that she lost her wallet while pulling a tissue our of her pocket. 【答案与解析】 “我”因丢失了社会安全卡,所以,向社会安全局申办一个新的安全卡。 1. B。判断题。书信正文的第 2 段第 1 句话 I lost my old one last week 已明显告知我 申办新的社会安全卡的原因。 2. C。语义理解题。从书信最后一段最后一句话 In case you need more information about me to hunt down my old number 可以做出正确选择。 3. D。 判断题。 4 个选项来看, B、 三项内容对社会安全局来说当然重要, 从 A、 C 至于 Victoria Villata 是怎样丢失钱包的对他们肯定不重要。

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高一英语阅读理解试题(体育类)
(1) The Winter Olympics is also called the White Olympics. At this time, many colorful stamps are published to mark the great Games. The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics. From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule. During the 4th Winter Olympic Games a group of stamps were published in Germany in November 1936. The five rings of Olympics were drawn on the front of the sportswear. It was the first time that the rings appeared on the stamps of the White Olympics. In the 1950?s, the stamps of this kind became more colorful. When the White Olympics came, the host countries(东道国) as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games. China also published four stamps in February 1980, when the Chinese sports men began to take part in the White Olympics. Japan is the only Asian country that has ever held the White Olympics. Altogether 14,500 million stamps were sold to raise money for this sports meet. Different kinds of sports were drawn on these small stamps. People can enjoy the beauty of the wonderful movements of some sportsmen. 1. The White Olympics and the Winter Olympics _______. A. are the same thing C. are not held in winter B. are different games D. are held in summer

2. The world made it a rule to publish stamps to mark the great world games _______. A. after the year 1936 C. before the 3rd White Olympics B. after the 3rd White Olympics D. before the year 1932

3. The Winter Olympics is held once _______. A. every two years C. every four years 4. Which of the following is true?
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B. every three years D. every five years

A. Only the host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. B. Only the non-host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. C. All the countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. D. Japan can?t publish stamps to mark those Games 5. What may appear on the stamps of the White Olympics? A. Basketball. C. Football. B. Table tennis. D. Skating.

【答案与解析】本文告诉我们,自 1932 年后,每届冬季奥林匹克运动会举行时,东道 国与非东道国都可以为此发行纪念邮票。 1. A。 细节题。从第 1 句 The Winter Olympics(奥林匹克运动会) is also called the White Olympics 可知答案为 A。 2. B。 细节题。根据句子 The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics. From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule(规定)可知答案为 B。 3. C。细节题。根据文章内容在 1932 年举行第 3 届冬季奥林匹克运动会,在 1936 年举 行第 4 届冬季奥林匹克运动会,由此推知每四年举行一次。 4. C。细节题。从句子 When the White Olympics came, the host countries(东道国) as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games 中可知。 5. D。推断题。文章的主题是冬季奥林匹克运动会,所以最可能出现在邮票上的是 Skating(滑雪)。

(2) This was a wonderful match. The two teams had been playing for only three minutes when Gomez scored the first goal, and Jimernez had almost scored a minute before. Liverpool came back with a fine attack. Unfortunately Tarleston, their center forward, left the field in the 35th minute. He had hurt his ankle badly earlier, but had been playing in spite of his injury. Bobby Good scored for Liverpool in the 40th minute. He had taken a pass from Biles, had run 40 yards and had beaten at least 3 Valencia defenders when Tores almost brought him down with a hard tackle(拥抱), Good got past him somehow, shot over the head of the goal-keeper and
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scored. Thus the match was over and the final result was one to one. 1. The first score was made by ______ and the last score was made by ______. A. Gomez, Good C. Jimernez, Tores B. Biles, Good D. Gomez, Tores

2. Tarleston is most likely to have got hurt in the ______ minute. A. 30th B. 35th C. 40th D. 45th

3. Which of the following is TRUE to the passage? A. Jimernez score one goal in the match. B. Bobby Good had at least beaten 4 Valencial players before scoring C. Gomez made the first score for the Liverpool team D. Bobby Good made a score for the Valencial team 4. According to the passage we know that ______ are on the same team. A. Gomez, Tarleston, Biles C. Tarleston, Tores, Good B. Gomez, Jimernez, Tores D. Biles, Tores, Gomez

【答案与解析】本文继记叙了 Valencia 队与 Livepool 队之间的一场精彩的足球比赛。 1. A。细节题。根据第 1 段 When Gomez scored the first goal 及最后一段 Good got past him somehow, shot over the head of the goal-keeper and scored. Thus the match was over… 可知 此题答案为 A。 2. A。细节判断题。根据第 3 段 …left the field in the 35th minute. He had hurt his ankle badly earlier… 可判断出 Tarleston 在比赛进行不到 35 分钟时就受了伤,比较 A、B、C、D 四项可知答案只能是 A。 3. B。细节题。根据 …had beaten at least 3 Valencia defenders when Tores almost bought him down with a hard tackle, Good got past him somehow, shot… 可知 B 项说法是正确的;文 章第 1 段第 3 句是说 Jimernez 差点就射了门, 所以 A 项说法不正确; 根据原文可知 Gomez 是 Valencia 队的,而 Bobby Good 是 Livepool 队的,所以 C、D 两项说法是错误的。因 此此题答案为 B。 4. B。细节判断题。根据…Gomez scored the first goal, and Jimernez had almost scored a minute before. Livepool came back with a fine attack. Unfortunately Tarleston…可知 Gomez 和 Jimernez 都不属于 Livepool 队,即他们属于 Volencia 队。而 Tarleston 属于 Livepool 队。 再根据最后一段 Bobby Good scored for Livepool in the 40th minute. He had taken a pass from
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Biles 可知 Bobby Good 和 Biles 属于 Livepool 队;再根据 …when Tores almost brought him down with a hard tackle, Good got past him somehow… 可知 Tores 属于 Volencia 队,

由此可知答案为 B。(做此题时若能一边看文章一边画个草图,一定会有意想不到的效果。)

(3) Winter-swimming has become popular in Beijing. Three years ago, few people would go swimming in the city waters. But now there is a Winter-swimming Enthusiasts? Club(冬泳爱好者 协会)and it has more than 2, 000 members. The oldest is 84 years of age and the youngest is only 7. The members are from all ways of life. They may be workers, peasants, soldiers, teachers, students.... Though it is now the coldest part of the season and the water temperature in the city?s lakes is around 0° many winter-swimmers still swim in the icy waters, even when it is snowing. They C, enjoy themselves in the lake, while the people by the side of the lake are wearing heavy clothes. Why are so many people interested in winter-swimming? Because winter-swimming can be good for one?s health. Bei Sha is a good example. He is 69 years old, and he once suffered from heart trouble for 26 years. After ten years of winter-swimming he is now in good health. Scientists are now studying the effects of winter-swimming on health. 1. Among the winter-swimmers the oldest man is ____ years older than the youngest one. A. 91 B. 84 C. 77 D. 7

2. Guess what “The members are from all ways of life” means. A. The members do different jobs at different places. B. They come from all parts of Beijing. C. They are persons of different ages. D. They are men and women, old and young. 3. Winter-swimming has become popular in Beijing because _______. A. more and more people like to swim in winter B. it is more interesting than swimming in summer C. winter-swimmers are brave men D. winter-swimming does a lot of good to one?s health
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4. The best title for this passage should be ______. A. People in Beijing Like Swimming in Winter B. Winter-swimming — A Craze(狂热) in Beijing C. People Benefit from Winter-swimming D. Winter-swimmers Are Brave Men 【答案与解析】本文报道了北京人流行冬泳的现象,并分析了其原因。 1. C。 细节题。 根据文章第 1 段倒数第 3 句 The oldest is 84 years of age and the youngest is only 7 可推知答案为 C。 2. A。 句子理解题。 根据其下文 They may be workers, peasants, soldiers, teachers, students.... 可推知此题答案为 A。 3. D。细节题。根据文章第 3 段第 2 句 Because winter-swimming can be good for one?s health.可推知此题答案为 D。 4. B。主旨题。根据文章第 1 句 Winter-swimming has become popular in Beijing 及全文内 容可推知此题答案为 B。

(4) Once a group of 17-year-old schoolboys decided to break the world basketball marathon record(马拉松记录). They wanted to play for ninety hours and that is to add six hours to the record. Each team had nine players, with five at a time. The boys decided each person would play 21. 5 hours and then rest for 2 hours. Then they started at 6 o?clock in the evening. The first night was very hard for the players. When it was their turn to rest, they were too excited(兴奋的) to fall asleep at once. After sleeping for a short time, they had to play again. On the second night, they fell asleep as soon as they stopped. Some of them had trouble with their feet and hands, but the only serious problem was a psychological(心理上的) one. Each boy was thinking:why am I doing this?How can I play any longer?After the third night, the players knew they could finish the ninety hours. The basketball on the fourth night was very slow. But in the final hours, the players got better. For the last few minutes, the players looked as fresh as when they started. How happy everyone was! 1. In the story, there were _______ schoolboys playing basketball marathon. A. 9 B. 14 C. 17 D. 18
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2. Before this basketball marathon, the world record was _______. A. 84 hours B. 86 hours C. 90 hours D. 96 hours

3. The first night was hard for the players to fall asleep because _______. A. they were too excited C. no one watched them play B. they only slept for a short time D. it was very long

4. “…the players looked as fresh as when they started” here “fresh” means _______. A. 新鲜的 C. 精神饱满的 B. 兴奋不已的 D. 伤痕累累的

5. Which of the following sentences is wrong? A. Some of the boys were hurt when they played. B. It was hard for the players to fall asleep at night. C. The boys started playing at 6 o?clock in the evening. D. In the end, all the boys felt happy. 【答案与解析】本文讲述了一群 17 岁的男孩想打破世界持续打篮球马拉松记录并最终 成功的故事。 1. D。推断题。文章第 1 段说每一组 9 个人,文章虽没说有几组,但不可能只有一组, 9 的倍数也不可能是 14 或 17,因此选项 A、B、C 都不正确,故选 D。 2. A。推断题。文章第 1 段说他们想持续打 90 个小时篮球,比记录多了 6 个小时。由 此可知原记录是 84 个小时,所以选 A。 3. A。推断题。文章第 2 段说他们太兴奋以致睡不着,所以选 A。 4. C。词义猜测题。由全文大意可知到了最后几分钟,他们变得像刚开始打篮球一样精 神饱满。 5. B。细节题。第一晚他们太兴奋了没睡着,但到了第二晚他们很快就睡着了。由此可 知 B 不正确。

(5) It has been 100 years since the first modern summer Olympic Games were held. Do you know the dates and the places of all the summer Olympic Games, and also the total of gold medals the first three teams gained in each game? Date Place Totals of Gold medals
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1st 1 1896 Athens 2 1900 Paris 3 1904 St. Louis, USA 4 1908 London 5 1912 Stockholm 6 1916 Berlin 7 1920 Antwerp, Belgium 8 1924 Paris 9 1928 Amsterdam 10 1932 Los Angeles 11 1936 Berlin 12 1940 Helsinki 13 1944 London 14 1948 London 15 1952 Helsinki 16 1956 Melbourne 17 1960 Rome 18 1964 Tokyo 19 1968 Mexico City 20 1972 Munich, W. G. 21 1976 Montreal 22 1980 Moscow 23 1984 Los Angeles 24 1988 Seoul, S. Korea 25 1992 Barcelona USA 11 France 27 USA 70 Britain 56 Sweden 24

2nd Greece 10 USA 19 Cuba 5 USA 23 USA 23

3rd Germany 7 Britain 17 Germany 4 Sweden 7 Britain 10

Not held because of World War I USA 41 USA 45 USA 22 USA 41 Germany 33 Sweden 19 Finland 14 Germany 10 Italy 12 USA 24 Britain 15 France 13 Finland 8 France 10 Hungary 10

Not held because of World War II Not held because of World War II USA 38 USA 40 USSR 37 USSR 43 USA 36 USA 45 USSR 50 USSR 49 USSR 80 USA 83 USSR 55 CIS 45 Sweden 16 USSR 22 USA 32 USA 34 USSR 30 USSR 30 USA 33 GDR 40 GDR 47 Romania 20 GDR 37 USA 37 France 10 Hungary 10 Australia 13 Italy 13 Japan 16 Japan 11 GDR 20 USA 34 Bulgaria 8 W. G. 17 USA 36 Germany 33

Note: CIS = Commonwealth Independent States;GDR = E. Germany 1. By the year 1992, the modern summer Olympic Games had been held _______ times in U. S. A. A. four B. two C. one
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D. Three

2. How many gold medals had E. Germany won in the Summer Olympic Games? A. 124 B. 144 C. 198 D. 200

3. From the date(资料) we can arrive at a conclusion that _______. A. every country should hold the Olympic Games in turn B. any Olympic Games should not be called off for any reason C. no peace, no sports D. if there is a war anywhere, the Olympic Games mush be stopped 【答案解析】本文列举了从 1896 年到 1992 年期间夏奥会举办的时间、地点、及前 3 名金牌数的有关情况。 1. D。细节题。根据 1904 St. Louis, USA,1932 Los Angeles 和 1984 Los Angeles 得知在 美国共举行了三次,故选 D。 2. B。细节题。 根据 1972 获 20 枚,1976 获 40 枚,1980 获 47 枚,1988 获 37 枚得知 GDR(=E. Germany)共获得 144 枚金牌,故选 B。 3. C。推断题。 根据 1916 Berlin,1940 Helsinki,1944 London 三年都因战争而没有举 行夏奥会可推知 C 为正确答案。

高一英语阅读理解试题(文化类)
(1) Every people uses its own special word to show its ideas and feelings. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where?s the beef?” It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s “Where?s the beef?” was one of the most popular expressions in the
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United States. It seemed as if everyone using it at the time. Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow, and food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s a businessman named Ray began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Ray called this “McDonald?s”. Ray became one of the richest businessmen at last in America. Other business people watched his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company called “Wendy?s” said its hamburgers were bigger than those sold by McDonald?s or anyone else. The Wendy?s Company began to use the expression “Where?s the beef?” to make people know that Wendy?s hamburgers were the biggest. The Wendy?s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef. “Where?s the beef?” she shouted in a funny way. The advertisement for Wendy?s hamburger restaurants was success. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where?s the beef?”. 1. _______ started McDonald?s restaurant. A. Ray B. McDonald C. Wendy D. Three old women

2. Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because they thought _______. A. they could sell hamburgers at a low price B. hamburgers were easy to make C. beef was very popular in America D. they could make a lot of money 3. Wendy?s made the expression known to everybody _______. A. with many old women eating hamburgers B. by a television advertisement C. while selling bread with a bit of meat in it D. at the McDonald?s restaurant 4. We can learn from the passage that the expression “Where?s the beef?” means _______. A. The beef in hamburgers is not as much as it is said to be B. The hamburgers are not as good as they are said to be C. It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be
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D. Wendy?s is the biggest 【答案与解析】本文主要讲述 ??Where?s the beef??? 这一表达语是如何产生并流行于美 国大众的。 1. A。细节题。根据短文内容 McDonald(麦当劳) restaurant 是由美国商人 Ray 创办的。 2. D。判断题。由于 Ray 的成功,他成了富豪,其他商家也看到了商机,所以他们也 开办快餐店(Hamburger restaurants),因为他们认为能赚大钱。 3. B。细节题。根据文章内容可知 the expression “Where?s the beef?” 是 Wendy 通过电 视广告使大众感知的。 4. C. 细节题。从文章的第一自然段中可找到答案。

(2) The yearly Academy Awards ceremony was once a private affair. Now, because of television, it is very much a public affair. Hundreds of people gather in Hollywood to see the Oscars presented to outstanding(杰出的) actors, and others involved(参与) in the motion picture industry. Millions more watch on television. It all began on May 16, 1929, when 270 men and women sat down to dinner at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. There was no secret about the winners. The names of the winners had been known for months. Janet Gaynor, for example, had won as Best Actress. Douglas Fairbanks presented her with the famous gold statue(塑像). The little statue was not then called Oscar. Like a new actor, Oscar was unknown. About six years later, it somehow got that renowned name. A number of explanations have been offered for its origin(由来), but nobody knows the true story for certain. Nowadays the results of the Oscar voting are kept secret. Only two people know the winners before the names are announced at the ceremony. The counting of votes is not done by one group of people but by different groups. Nobody except two members of an accounting(计票) company sees the final results. The information is not kept in open files(卷宗). Winners? names are placed in closed envelopes. The accountants each carry a complete set of envelopes to the ceremony. One set is simply a spare to be used in case something happens to the other one. 1. As used in Paragraph 2, renowned means _______.
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A. strange

B. wonderful

C. much-disliked

D. famous

2. May 16, 1929 marks _______. A. Douglas Fairbanks? first winning of an Academy Award B. the first time Oscar got its name C. the first time the Awards were kept secret D. Janet Gaynor?s recognition as Best Actress 3. Two sets of envelopes are prepared for the ceremony _______. A. one for New York, one for Hollywood B. in order to be perfectly safe C. one for the ceremony, one for the newspapers D. just because that is the custom 【答案解析】本文介绍了奥斯卡金奖的由来。 1. D。词义猜测题。根据第 2 段 …Like a new actor, Oscar was unknown. About six years later, it somehow got that renowned name 可知原来不为人所知,后来变得闻名,故选 D。 2. D。细节题。根据第 2 段 …Janet Gaynor, for example, had won as Best Actress.可推知 答案为 D。 3. B。细节题。根据最后一段 …One set is simply a spare to be used in case something happens to the other one 可知两套信封装选票是为安全着想,故答案为 B。

(3) Mark, a young person, tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there?s a big difference between “being a writer” and writing. In most cases these people are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter. “You?ve got to want to write,” I say to them, “not want to be a writer.” The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded(报答). When I left a 20-year job in the U. S. Coast Guard to become a writer, I had no hopes at all. What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn?t even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used typewriter and felt like a real writer.
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After a year or so, however, I still hadn?t got a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write. I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn?t going to be one of those people who die wondering “what if”. I would keep putting my dream to the test — even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadow land of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there. 1. The passage is meant to _______. A. warn young people of the hardship that a successful writer has to experience B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer C. show young people it?s unrealistic for writers to seek wealth and fame D. encourage young people to seek good jobs 2. What can be concluded from the passage? A. Real writers often find their work interesting and rewarding. B. A writer?s success depends on luck rather than on effort. C. Famous writers usually live in poverty. D. The chances for a writer to become successful are small 3. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing work? A. He wasn?t able to produce a single book. B. He hadn?t seen a change for the better. C. He wasn?t able to have a rest for a whole year. D. He found his dream would never come true. 4. “Shadow land” in the last sentence refers to _______. A. the wonderland one often dreams about B. the bright future that one is looking forward to C. a world that exists only in one?s imagination D. the state of uncertainty before one?s final goal is reached 【答案与解释】不少年轻的文学爱好者梦想成为作家。作者以自己的亲身经历告诫他 们: “写点东西”与“当作家”是完全不同的两码事,那些成功或出名的作家是通过鲜为人 知的艰难跋涉走过来的幸运者。 1. A。主旨题。从第 2 段第 1 句话 The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is
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never rewarded 可得到答案。 2. D。主旨题。从文章第 2 段的第 1 句可推知答案为 D。 3. B。语义理解题。从第 3 段第 2 句话 It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat 中便知。 4. D。 词义猜测题。 从最后一段的最后两句不难猜测出 Shadow land 指的是最终目标得 以实现前的那种半信半疑的状态。 (4) In Britain in the 1890s there was a postcard “craze(热潮)”. People formed clubs and collected and exchanged postcards. Even Queen Victoria had her own private collection. When Edward was the king, the British had a cheap and good postal system. If anyone wanted to tell a friend that they were coming for tea in the afternoon, they would send a postcard in the morning. “Drop me a card” was as common then as “give me a ring” as now. In 1902 an important step was taken. The government said that half of the side that was used for the address on the postcard could be used for messages, and the whole of the other side could be used for a picture. It was then that the simple postcard, as we know now, was created. 1. In Britain in the 1890s, _______. A. people were interested in sending cards B. people were interested in playing cards C. people were interested in collecting postcards D. people were interested in buying postcards 2. “Give me a ring” in the passage means _______. A. send me a gold ring C. give me a telephone call 3. Which statement is TRUE? A. Postcards were not used in the 19th century. B. It was not until 1902 that the simple postcard as we know was created. C. Postcards were used only for collection in the 1890s. D. There was no message on the old postcard. 4. Choose the best title for the passage. A. Postcards Old and New B. Postcard Clubs in the 1890s
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B. send me a card D. give me a bell ring

C. Creation of the Present Postcard (1—4 CCBA)

D. Postal System in Britain

【答案解析】本文介绍了英国新、旧明信片的历史和由来。 1. C。细节题。根据 People formed clubs and collected and exchanged(交换)postcards.可推 知此题答案为 C。 2. C。词义猜测题。give me a ring 和 drop me a card 一样,是用来传递信息的,而现在 传递信息最普通的方式就是打电话,故 C 比较符合情理。 3. B。细节题。根据 It was then that the simple postcard, as we know now, was created.可推 知此题答案为 B。 4. A。主旨题。本文介绍了英国新旧明信片的历史和由来。故 A 项最佳。

(5) Even a child knows that nodding(点头) the head means “Yes”. But some people will probably be puzzled when they first come to India. When they talk to an Indian, he often shakes his head. They might think that the Indian does not like what he said, but on the contrary he is expressing agreement. The Indians have a habit of shaking their heads slightly when they talk to somebody. It doesn?t mean “No”, but “Yes”. If a person doesn?t know this, it might cause misunderstanding. At one time a foreigner in India told his driver who was an Indian to take him to his office. The driver shook his head. The foreigner repeated his request and the driver shook his head again. At last, the foreigner shouted angrily, “Drive me to my office at once!” The driver said in a low voice, “Yes, sir,” smiling and shaking his head again at the same time. 1. Generally speaking, nodding the head means _______, and shaking the head means _______. A. Yes, No B. No, Yes C. Yes, Yes D. No, No

2. According to the habit of India, if someone agrees with you, he will _______. A. nod his head B. shake his head C. neither nods his head nor shakes his head
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D. either nod his head or shake his head 3. Why did the Indian driver shake his head when the foreigner asked him to drive him to his office? Because _______. A. the Indian driver has something important to do B. the foreigner promised to give him only a little money C. The driver felt uncomfortable at that time D. In India shaking the head means agreement 4. Why did the foreigner become angry? Because _______. A. the Indian driver didn?t want to send him to his office B. He misunderstood the meaning of shaking the head in India C. he asked the driver to send him to his office, but the India driver didn?t say any words D. the Indian driver asked him for a lot of money 5. The phrase “on the contrary” means _______. A. just the opposite B. clear difference between two things C. doing what you want to do D. on the other hand 【答案与解析】本文介绍肢体语言在不同国家所表达的不同含意。 1. A。第 1 句话说即便一个小孩都明白点头表示 yes,由此可知答案为 A。 2. B。据第 2 段可推知答案为 B。 3. D。在印度摇头表示同意。因此选择 D 项。 4. B。根据第 3 段中的 If a person does not know this, it might cause misunderstanding 可 知答案为 B。 5. A。由 on the contrary 之前的 but 可知,后面的内容与前面的内容相反,故选 A。

(6) Habiba keeps a record of new words and expressions in English. He usually writes them in a notebook. Then, one day, she asks her teacher about them. “Mrs Thomas, these expressions are new to me — She is blue today. What?s the matter? You are yellow. A little white lie. After looking at the notebook, Mrs Thomas says, “In everyday English, Habiba, blue sometimes means sad.
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Yellow means afraid. A person with a green thumb grows plants successfully and a white lie is not a bad lie.” “I don?t understand. Please give me an example.” “For example, I offer you some cake. The truth is, you don?t like my cake. You don?t say that. Instead, you say, ?No, thanks. I?m not hungry.? That?s a white lie.” “I see. Thanks for the explanation.” 1. I don?t have a green thumb. All my plants _______. A. are green C. are yellow B. have died D. are growing well

2. “You are yellow to fight” means _______. A. you dare not fight C. you are in a hurry B. you are happy to fight D. you are able to fight

3. If you say “It?s a white lie.” it means that someone _______. A. is telling a lie B. is telling the truth C. doesn?t want to tell the truth in a polite way D. is unfriendly 4. “The weather is bad, and _______.” A. I?m yellow today C. I?m green B. I?m blue today D. I?m white today

【答案与解析】本文 Habiba 的提问和 Mrs Thomas 的解答介绍了一些英语习惯用语的 意义和用法。 1. B。推断题。根据文章中的 A person with a green thumb grows plants successfully 可推 知此题答案为 B。 2. A。细节题。根据 Mrs Thomas 说 Yellow means afraid 可推知此题答案为 A。 3. C。推断题。根据文章 Mrs Thomas 所举的最后一个例子可推知此题答案为 C。 4. B。细节题。根据 Mrs Thomas 的解释 blue sometimes means sad 可推知此题答案为 B。

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高一英语阅读理解试题(新闻类)
(1) It's eight o'clock and the time for Morning New Highlights(最精彩部分). One person was killed and two were injured in a car accident just thirty minutes ago. Cause of the accident is not yet found out. A great fire swept through a storehouse next to the Fulton River early this morning, causing about $3,000,000 in damage. The fire which broke out at about 2:30 was finally put out at 5: 30. That was the Morning News Highlights, Dan Verne reporting. 1. According to the passage the car accident happened at _______. A.8:00 B.7:30 C.2:30 D.8:30

2. How many pieces of news are reported in the short passage? A. Two. B. Three. C. One. D. Four.

3. The above passage may probably appear _______. A. in the newspaper C. on the radio B. in a magazine D. on the telephone

【答案与解析】这是一篇介绍了一起车祸和一场火灾的早上新闻广播。 1. B。由于报道新闻的时间是 eight o?clock,而发生车祸的时间是在此前的 30 分钟,亦 即 7:30,故选 B。 2. A。文中一共报道了两条新闻——一场车祸和一场火灾。 3. C。读完全文,显然可知这是一篇广播新闻,故选 C。

(2) New York, September 15. During a heavy rainfall last night a bus carrying 42 passengers slipped off the road on Highway 28, killing 36 of the passengers and the driver. A spokesman for the Highway Patrol(巡逻队) who arrived at the scene shortly after 11:30 p.m. estimated(估计) that the accident had happened about half an hour before. The injured and the dead were sent to the nearest town of Valley View.

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At the point where the accident happened the road has a three-lane(三条行车线) highway with many curves(弯道). Cause of the accident has not been fully found out. 1. It was very likely that the accident happened _______. A. after 11: 30 p.m. C. at or about 11: 00 p.m. B. in the city of New York D. in the town of Valley View

2. How many people died in the accident? A. 37 B. 36 C. 43 D. 42

3. In consideration of what caused the accident, one should pay attention to _______. A. the careless driver C. Highway 28 B. the nearest town of Valley View D. the road with many curves

【答案与解析】本文是一篇有关一起车祸的新闻报道。 1. C。推断题。巡逻队发言人晚上 11 点半到达,发言人说是大约半小时前发生车祸的, 那车祸应该是大约 11 点钟发生的。 2. A。细节题。36 个乘客再加一名司机,当然是死了 37 人。 3. D。 推断题。 因为最后一段第 1 句话 At the point where the accident happened the road has a three-lane(三条行车线) highway with many curves(弯道),所以答案为 D。

(3) Yong Liang, two years old, is the first giant panda raised from birth in the zoo. Last month zoo keepers found the panda was suffering from serious anemia(贫血), calling for urgent blood transfusion. The best way, according to the zoo?s experts, to save Yong Liang from anemia would be to transfuse blood from another panda. But it was the breeding season for giant pandas, and such a transfusion would be very difficult. But the experts found that there exits a close consanguinity(血缘) between giant pandas and black bears, and so they decided to try to take blood from black bears in the zoo and transfuse it to Yong Liang. With the help of hospitals and the Beijing Blood Donor Station, they made an experiment which proved that the red blood cells in the blood of black bears can be used. On the afternoon of February 15th, the first red blood cell transfusion was given to the giant
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panda — about 600 ml blood from the black bear. Immediately the young panda started to recover. 1. Which of the following is NOT true to the article? A. Giant pandas and black bears are of the same race. B. The transfusion was based on scientific research and experiments. C. After the transfusion, the young panda began to regain health. D. The 2-year-old panda was probably born in the Beijing zoo. 2. They decided to try another way to save the panda because _______. A. it was difficult to find other pandas B. the blood of pandas was too expensive C. it was the breeding season for the panda, Yong Liang D. other pandas were producing young at that time 3. The best title of the article should be _______. A. Protecting Giant Pandas C. Bear Blood Saved Panda B. Yong Ling—A Giant Panda D. A Successful Transfusion

【答案与解析】两岁的熊猫永良贫血,专家们发现熊猫的血与黑熊的血缘相近,于是就 从黑熊身上抽了 3600 毫升血输给永良,最后永良得救了。 1. A。判断题。B、C、D 三项内容文章涉及了,惟独没说熊猫和黑熊是同一种族。 2. D。语义理解题。从第 2 段最后一句话 But it was the breeding season for giant pandas 可以知道答案是 D。 3. C。主旨题。文章主要是讲熊猫永良贫血,专家们发现黑熊的血和熊猫的血是相近的 血缘,于是抽了黑熊的血救了熊猫。所以答案应该选 C。

(4) CHENGDU — New towns are rising rapidly in the countryside of Sichuan Province, southwest China. Over the past two years, some 200 towns have been set up, bringing the total to 5, 600. The towns are located at places with transport(交通运输) facilities(设施条件). They serve as a link between cities and countryside, through which farm product is transported to the big cities and all kinds of goods brought from the cities to the countryside. Datang, on the Sichuan Tibet(西藏) Highway, in Pujiang county(蒲江县) used to be a market. Now it has become an economic and
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commercial(商业的) centre of four counties nearby, and a link between these counties and the provincial(省的) capital of Chengdu. 1. This passage was probably taken from _______. A. a travel book C. a newspaper B. a history magazine D. a textbook

2. Which of the following is the closest to the number of the towns in Sichuan two years ago? A. 200. B. 5 400. C. 5 600. D. 5 800.

3. The new towns serve to help _______. A. add more transport facilities B. make people?s cultural life rich C. business and the exchange of products D. economic commercial center 【答案解析】本文介绍了四川农村小城镇迅速发展的情况。 1. C。推断题。根据 CHENGDU — New towns are rising rapidly in the countryside of Sichuan Province, southwest China 可以知道,这是报纸上的一则新闻。 2. B。 细节题。 根据 some 200 towns have been set up, bringing the total to 5, 600 可以推知, 两年前四川农村的小城镇的数目约为 5 400 个。 3. C。细节题。根据 …through which farm product is transported to the big cities and all kinds of goods brought from the cities to the countryside 可推知农村小城镇有助于商品流通和 产品交换。

高一英语阅读理解试题(自然类)
(1) Put an ice cube from your fridge into a glass of water. You have a piece of string(线) 10 centimeters long. The problem is to take out that piece of ice with the help of the string. But you
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must not touch the ice with your fingers. You may ask your friends to try to do that when you are having dinner together. There is a saltcellar on the table. You must use salt when you carry out this experiment. First you put the string across the piece of ice. Then put some salt on the ice. Salt makes ice melt(融化). The ice round the string will begin to melt. But when it melts, it will lose heat. The cold ice cube will make the salt water freeze again. After a minute or two you may raise the piece of string and with it you will raise your piece of ice! This experiment can be very useful to you. If, for example, there is ice near the door of your house, you must use very much salt to melt all the ice. If you don?t put enough salt, the water will freeze again. 1. We must use _______ when we carry out this experiment. A. fridge B. some food C. a table D. some salt

2. How long will it take to carry out this experiment? A. More than three minutes. C. Only one minute or two. B. Five minutes or so. D. About ten minutes.

3. What is the task of this experiment? A. Put the ice cube into the glass of water with the help of the string. B. Take out the ice cube in the glass of water with the help of the string. C. Take out the ice cube in the glass of water with your fingers. D. Put some salt on the ice cube and then put the string across it. 4. How many things at least are used in this experiment? A. Three. B. Four. C. Six. D. Seven.

5. We can learn something about _______ from the passage. A. Physics B. biology C. chemistry D. maths

【答案与解析】本文讲述了把立方形的冰块放入水杯中,如何用细绳取出冰块的实验。 1. D。我们进行实验时必须用什么?文章第 2 段最后一句说当进行实验时你必须用 salt(盐)。由此可知答案是 D。 2. C。 文章第 4 段的 After a minute or two...(一两分钟后你可以提起细绳?), 由此可知进 行这个实验仅需一两分钟时间。
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3. B。 这个实验的任务是什么呢?由文章第 1 段第 3 句 The problem is to take out that piece of ice with the help of the string(问题是如何用细绳将冰块拿出),由此可知答案为 B。 4. B。实验中至少用了几样东西?从全文可知道至少用了 string, salt, a glass of water, ice cube 这 4 种东西。 5. C。通过这段文字我们了解了一些什么知识?实验用 salt 把 ice 融化,这应属于化学 变化。

(2) Bamboo is one of the nature?s most surprising plants. Many people call this plant a tree, but it is a kind of grass. Like other kinds of grass, a bamboo plant may be cut very low to the ground, but it will grow back very quickly. A Japanese scientist recorded one bamboo plant that grew almost 1.5 meters in 24 hours! Bamboo grows almost everywhere in the world except Europe. There are more than 1,000 kinds of bamboo that grow around the world on both mountains and plains(平原). Not all bamboo looks the same. Some bamboo plants are very thin. They may only grow to be a few centimeters wide while others may grow to more than 30 centimeters across. This plant also comes in different colors, from yellow to black to green. Many Asian countries have been using bamboo for hundreds of years. They often use bamboo for building new buildings. As a matter of fact, the cables(绳索) that hold up the hanging bridge across the Min River in Sichuan are made of bamboo. The bridge has been in use for more than 1,000 years, and is still holding strong. In Africa, engineers are teaching poor farmers how to find water using bamboo. These African countries need cheap ways to find water because they have no money, and their fields often die from no rain and no water. It seems that bamboo is one of the best things they can use. Bamboo pipes and drills(钻) can help to make the poor thirsty fields to be watered. 1. How is bamboo like grass? A. It is thin and easy to cut. C. It grows quickly after its cut short. B. It grows everywhere. D. It is short and green.

2. The sentence “while others may grow to more than 30 centimeters across.” means “Some
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other bamboo plants may grow to be very _______.” A. short B. strong C. thick D. tall

3. From the text we know ______. A. most people call bamboo plant trees B. a bamboo plant may grow 4.5 meters in three days C. the bamboo plant changes its colors when it grows D. a bridge held by bamboo cable was built thousands of years ago 4. Why did the engineers teach the poor farmers in Africa to make use of bamboo? A. Because it is cheap. C. Because it drills fast. B. Because it is colorful. D. Because it is used by Asians.

5. Which of the following is NOT true? A. There are many different kinds of bamboo with different colors. B. Cables made of bamboo can last for over a thousand years. C. Bamboo can be used for buildings, bridges and watering projects(工程). D. Bamboo plants are able to grow well in any part of the world. 【答案与解析】这是一篇关于竹子的说明文。讲述了竹子的生长处、种类、颜色、用途 等。 1. C。由第 2 段的第 1 句我们可以推测出竹子与其他草类相似的地方是 grow back very quickly。 2. C。阅读第 3 段的第 2 句 They may only grow to be a few centimeters wide while others may grow to more than 30 centimeters across 可推知:while(表对比,意为“而”)前面讲有些 竹子(bamboo)很细,只有(only)几厘米粗,而与相比,while 后面则讲有些竹子长得很壮, 可以有 30 厘米粗。因此答案选 C。 3. B。由第 2 个题目我们可知竹子一天能长 1.5 米,那么三天就能长 4.5 米。 4. A。根据第 5 段第 2 句 Because they have no money 可知要选用 bamboo。 5. D。第 2 段的倒数第 2 句中说 except Europe,由此可知答案为 D。

(3) Can trees talk? Yes—but not in words. Scientists have reasons to believe that trees do communicate with each other. Not long ago, researchers learned some surprising things. First a
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willow tree(柳树) attacked in the woods by caterpillars(毛毛虫) changed the chemistry of its leaves and made them taste so terrible that the caterpillars got tired of the leaves and stopped eating them. The even more astonishing, the tree sent out a special vapour — a signal causing its neighbours to change the chemistry of their own leaves and make them less tasty. Communication, of course, doesn?t need to be always in words. We can talk to each other by smiling, raising our shoulders and moving our hands. We know that birds and animals use a whole vocabulary of songs, sounds, and movements. Bees dance their signals, flying in certain patterns that tell other bees where to find nectar(花蜜) for honey. So why shouldn?t trees have ways of sending messages? 1. From the passage we know that caterpillars _______. A. like willow trees C. can talk to other caterpillars B. enjoy eating fallen leaves D. can send out a special vapour

2. Caterpillars will stop eating willow tree leaves which _______. A. have a chemical change and become tasteless B. have a pleasant taste C. are being attacked D. are communicating

3. According to the passage, bees communicate with each other by _______. A. talking C. singing songs B. making unusual sounds D. flying certain patterns

【答案与解析】树同动物们一样也可以用自己的方式交流。 1. A。判断题。正因为毛毛虫觉得柳树叶可口,它们才吃柳树叶的。 2. A。 语义理解题。 从第 1 段第 4 句话 First a willow tree(柳树) attacked in the woods by caterpillars(毛毛虫) changed the chemistry of its leaves and made them taste so terrible that the caterpillars got tired of the leaves and stopped eating them 可以做出正确选择。 3. D。语义理解题。从第 2 段倒数第 2 句话 …flying in certain patterns that tell other bees where to find nectar(花蜜) for honey 可以知道 bees 交流的方式。

(4) Do you know Australia? Australia is the largest island in the world. It is a little smaller than China. It is in the south of the earth. Australia is big, but its population is not large. The population of Australia is nearly as large as that of Shanghai.
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The government has made enough laws to fight pollution. The cities in Australia have got little air or water pollution. The sky is blue and the water is clean. You can clearly see fish swimming in the rivers. Plants grow very well. Last month we visited Perth, the biggest city in Western Australia, and went to a wild flowers? exhibition. There we saw a large number of wild flowers we had never seen before. We had a wonderful time. Perth is famous for its beautiful wild flowers. In spring every year Perth has the wild flowers? exhibition. After visiting Perth, we spent the day in the countryside. We sat down and had a rest near a path at the foot of a hill. It was quiet and we enjoyed ourselves. Suddenly we heard bells ringing at the top of the hill. What we saw made us pick up all our things and run back to the car as quickly as we could. There were about three hundred sheep coming towards us down the path. Australia is famous for its sheep and kangaroos(袋鼠). After a short drive from any town, you will find yourself in the middle of white sheep. Sheep, sheep, everywhere are sheep. 1. Australia is _______. A. the largest country in the world B. as large as Shanghai C. not as large as China D. the largest island in the north of the earth 2. The government had made _______. A. too enough laws to fight pollution B. so many laws that it can fight pollution C. enough laws that it can hardly fight pollution D. enough laws because the pollution is very serious 3. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Perth is famous for its beautiful wild flowers. B. Perth is bigger than any other city in Western Australia. C. Perth lies in the west of Australia. D. No other city is larger than Perth in Australia. 4. In Perth you may visit a wild flowers? show in _______. A. October B. January C. May D. July

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5. Which of the following is true? A. Australia is famous for its sheep, kangaroos and wild flowers. B. We ran back to the car because we were in the middle of white sheep. C. Three hundred sheep came towards us because they saw us. D. If you go to the countryside in Australia, you will see a large number of white sheep. 【答案与解析】本文主要介绍了澳大利亚的一些大概情况。 1. C。细节题。根据第 1 段的第 2 句 Australia is the largest island in the world. It is a little smaller than China 可知答案为 C。 2. B。 细节题。 根据第 2 段的 The government has made enough laws to fight pollution 可知 答案为 B。 3. D。由第 3 段的第 1 句“the biggest city in …”我们可以推测出是澳大利亚西部最大 的城市,而选项 D 则说它是澳大利亚最大的城市,所以 D 错误。 4. D。根据第 3 段中的 Last month we visited Perth, the biggest city in Western Australia… 答案为 D。 5. D。从最后一段的 After a short drive from any town, you will find yourself in the middle of white sheep…可以判断出选项 D 正确。

(5) Paracutin was born in Mexico in February, 1943. At the end of one week Paracutin was 500 feet high, and it is now over 9, 000 feet high. Today Paracutin is asleep. What is Paracutin? It was the first volcano(火山) in the world which was seen from its birth right up to the present day. On February 20, 1943, a peasant and his wife set out to work in their corn fields from the Mexican village of Paracutin. They were surprised to find the earth warm under their feet. Suddenly they heard noises deep in the earth and a small hole appeared in their field. In the afternoon there was a sudden loud noise and stones were thrown high in the air. The peasants ran from the field and turned to watch. They saw the birth of a volcano. Large quantities of stone and lava(岩浆) broke out and a little hill began to form. By evening this hill was 100 feet high and hot ashes(灰烬) were falling on the village. At night the strong light of the hot lava lit up the countryside. The trees near the village were killed and the villagers had to leave their houses. When the village was destroyed, its name was given to the volcano. The news
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quickly reached Mexico City, far to the east. Many people came to watch the scene. The volcano grew and grew for ten years and hundreds of square miles of forest were destroyed. Then Paracutin went to sleep. 1. Paracutin was once the name of ________. A. a peasant C. an old mountain B. a village D. a Mexican

2. What was destroyed in the growing up of the volcano? A. The little hill of stone. B. The villagers living close by. C. The forests and fields round Paracutin. D. The Mexican peasant and his wife. 3. In this passage the writer is trying to ________. A. tell us an interesting happening B. explain a scientific theory C. make us believe something D. make up an interesting story 4. What can we learn about volcanoes from this passage? A. New volcanoes may appear in places where people do not expect them to be. B. Volcanoes are always growing. C. Volcanoes are active from time to time. D. New volcanoes are active for only ten years. 【答案与解析】本文描述了 1943 年 2 月 20 日墨西哥 Paracutin 火山喷发的全过程。 1. B。细节题。从第 2 段第 3 句话中的 the Mexican village of Paracutin 以及第 3 段中的 When the village was destroyed, its name was given to the volcano 可知 Paracutin 曾经是一个 村子名。 2. C。细节题。根据第 3 段倒数第 2 句 The volcano grew and grew for ten years and hundreds of square miles of forest were destroyed 可得答案为 C。 3. A。判断题。此题可用排除法做,选项 B、C、D 显然与原文不符,故选 A。 4. A。判断题。根据文章内容和一般常识可以排除选项 B、C 和 D,而且从文章中我们 可以了解到那个村庄没有人知道会有火山爆发,所以答案应为 A。
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