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河北省保定市高阳中学2014-2015学年高一上学期第十六次周练英语试题


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高一英语周练五十四
第一部分 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 Is your mind completely filled with tho

ughts of something? That’s called obsession (痴迷). When we think of obsession, we tend to think of the __1__ aspects of extreme behavior. It can be unhealthy or dangerous. However, actually , “productive obsessing” can be not only a __2__ for boredom and passivity, but also the recipe for a __3__ life. Having a productive obsession appears to __4__ people to do this, even if things get tough. In contrast, those without passion (激 情) may end up letting challenges and difficulties __5__ them. But there is a fine but important __6__ between obsession and passion. So how do you __7__ a passion, and avoid the negative aspects of obsession? Whatever the project is, it should __8__ love and interest. People, who have an unexplored interest in something, but always put it off, should begin by __9__ themselves to it for a month. When people do commit themselves on something, even for a month, their brains become retrained. It __10__ hesitating and worrying and explores its own potential. Having a productive obsession leads to various mental__11__ : pleasure when things are going very well; __12__ when you are offended. The key is being prepared for these states and knowing how to handle them. Being obsessed with a(n) __13__ plan for years without putting it into practice is not productive. Going after something with __14__ may not make you outstanding, but you don’t know where it will lead until you give it a try. At the very least, it could be the __15__ to a satisfying and meaningful life. 1. A.scientific B.negative C.various D.psychological 2. A.cause B.cure C.stage D.company 3. A.balanced B.simple C.healthy D.fulfilling 4. A.order B.invite C.drive D.ask 5. A.defeat B.findX C.change D.shape 6. A.line B.conflict C.similarity D.relationship 7. A.share B.think C.develop D.exhibit 8. A.stand for B.bring up C.make use of D.be rooted in 9. A.sticking B.devoting C.adapting D.attaching 10. A.keeps B.means C.begins D.stops 11. A.forms B.images C.problems D.states 12. A.anxiety B.envy C.anger D.regret 13. A.successful B.ambitious

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C.painful D.unreasonable 14. A.enthusiasm B.courage C.creativity D.determination 15. A.answer B.limit C.key D.end 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 Shenyang University. “People choose the Internet mainly for 16.________efficiency,” he told China Daily yesterday. “The Internet will play 17.________more important role in helping officials handle public grievances(委 屈)better in the face of Internet users in China,” he said. The number of Chinese netizens(网民) increased18.________16.2 million in the first quarter of this year, 19.________(reach) 316 million, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China. “Some government staff shouldn’t take a hard line against people who complain in various ways. 20.________, they need to realize the positive side of complaints. That is to say, online complaints should be viewed 21.________a cushion (缓冲) against some social problems rather than a nuisance (讨厌的东西),” Zhao said. He also noted some mass incidents can 22.______ (avoid) if people get timely responses. Zhao’s department 23.________(begin) a course earlier this year, 24.________was designed to train 25.________ (profession) who work for the government departments that receive public grievances via calls, letters, and

第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 A Legend has it that President George Washington never told a lie. Still, he was not perfect. A library in New York has a document to prove it. According to a written record of the library, Washington checked out two books on October 5, 1789, and never brought them back. More than 220 years have gone by since Washington borrowed the books, and a lot has changed since then. Back in 1789, there was no Washington, D.C.. The U.S. capital was New York City, and that was where the President lived. There was only one place in the city to borrow books, the New York Society Library. It was there that Washington checked out the two books that were never returned. Washington had been President for just five months when he borrowed the books. One book was about international relations, and the other focused on lawmaking, which helped with his new job. The librarian wrote down the titles, the dates and the name of the borrower. Washington was listed simply as “President”. Under the rules of the library, the books should have been handed back by 2 November that same year, and their borrower would have been faced with fines of a few cents a day ever since. Over time, Washington’s fine grew and grew. Today, the library is owed about 200,000 dollars for the two missing books. “We’re not actively concerned about the overdue fines,” the head librarian Mark Bartlett said. “But we would be very happy if we were able to get the books back.” As for Washington’s reason for failing to return the books he borrowed, we

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may never have an answer. Perhaps he was too busy and just forgot about them. Maybe they were lost. Even though he were alive today, Washington might prefer to keep the truth a mystery. After all, it was he who famously said, “It is better to offer no excuse than a bad one.” 26. According to the passage, the president________. A.failed to return the books on time B.enjoyed reading in the library C.had ever lived near the library D.told a lie to the librarian 27. We can infer from the passage that________. A. the New York Society Library was built in 1789 B.Washington maybe borrowed the two books to help with his job C.the books can be kept one month after being borrowed from the library D.the librarian was so careless as not to record the borrower’s full name 28. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.Two centuries ago, the U.S. had no libraries but one. B.President George Washington hardly made a mistake. C.The two books were borrowed in the name of Washington. D.If he lived today, Washington would have to pay much to the library. 29. The head librarian Mark Bartlett________. A. is puzzled how to find the books again B.hopes to get the missing books with the fines C.is regretful to lend Washington the books at that time D.prefers to find the two books rather than get the fines 30. What can we know from the last paragraph? A. Washington had a quite bad memory. B.Washington was a humorous person. C.Washington would keep silent about the reason even if he lived. D.Washington believed people should avoid making bad excuses. B Teens don’ t want to be seen with their parents, much less talk to them or do anything with them. That’s what we hear all the time. I don’t believe it. Oh, sure, when my daughter and my son were in their teens, they wanted to spend most of their free time with their friends. But there were always those special times planned when we enjoyed being alone with each other, when we connected deeply, and when we were reminded again how much we loved one another. her for a date to see a movie. It was a bittersweet Italian movie, Cinema Paradiso, and I wanted this story to give her a sense of how I grew up as an Italian boy in a small town, where life was simple and where everyone knew one another. I wanted her to know how her father had been brought up and shaped. We both laughed and cried during the same scenes in the movie. She was_attached_to the movie. I decided we should complete our evening with some lively conversation at a nearby bakery. I told her the movie was now so much more special for me because I had shared it with her. She smiled. She understood. We made a memory that night. searching our vegetable garden for a place to bury his pet boa constrictor (蟒蛇). Because my son had suffered from asthma (哮喘) and allergies, he could never have a dog, a faithful friend that he wanted so much. Every pet he owned—lizards, fish, or snakes—had died.

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I was at his side as we searched for the best gravesite (墓地). We dug the grave, said our goodbyes and then he cried. He cried hard and he asked me why every pet he had owned died so soon. I could feel his heart break against my chest. I just held him close. He let me hold his aching soul. He needed me while he was confused. Share your heart with your teens. Show them repeatedly that you know and love who they really are. There are tender memories waiting to be made. 31. What can we learn from the passage? A. Children would like to spend time with parents. B.Parents have trouble in getting along with children. C.The author always spent time with children in a planned way. D.The family should help each other at the important moment. 32. Why did the author choose to see Cinema Paradiso with his daughter? A. To make his daughter laugh. B.To give his daughter encouragement. C.To let his daughter love movies. D.To make his daughter know him better. 33. What do the underlined words “was attached to” in Paragraph 3 mean? A.Disliked. B.Loved. C.Missed. D.Complained of. 34. It can be inferred that________. A. at some moments, children want to be with parents B.the author’s children cannot take care of themselves C.it is hard for parents to know the inside of their children D.the author’s son is cruel to co 35. From the last paragraph we know that________. A.setting a good example to children is important B.the author advises people to make memories with their teens C.the son was touched by what his father had done D.knowing children’s daily activities is necessary C We all have four to six dreams per night. But why do some people seem to remember their dreams while others don’t? People who report that they have good dream recollection are more likely, than others who don’t, to have been woken up during a stage of sleep referred to as REM (rapid eye movement). This is the stage of sleep where dreams occur, and if you’re woken up during it you may recall the dream you were having more readily. Light sleepers who are woken up very easily by the slightest sound tend to report having many more dreams they can remember than heavy sleepers who can nod off during thunder and lightening and do not know they’ve been dreaming at all. Therefore one way to remember your dreams is to set an alarm to go off frequently during the night, as you’ll have more chances of waking during REM sleep. However, doing this exercise regularly will be bad for your sleeping pattern, and may mess with your body clock. Interestingly, some people have the ability to dream to order, to a degree. If they focus on thinking about remembering their dreams, get a dream journal ready to write in and place it by their bed at night and tell themselves they will write down their dreams upon waking, they’re more likely to actually produce a memorable dream. Studies have shown us that during dreams we often play out different scenarios (情节) and our brains work out how to deal with them, should they actually occur in waking life. Thus, if you dreamed you lost your car keys and needed to find

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another way of getting to your destination, this could just be your mind working out what you would do in the future if this happened to you. The reason why people don’t always remember dreams is that it would interfere (干扰) with waking life. An overload of information which may not be necessary could confuse your daily thinking, and lead you to perform less well. However, storing information away in your mental filing system located in your subconscious (潜意识), in case you ever need it, is far more efficient. 36. What can we learn about REM? A.Sleepers are hard to wake up during REM sleep. B.People who can’t remember their dreams don’t have REM sleep. C.Both light sleepers and heavy sleepers can experience REM sleep. D.People who are woken up during REM sleep will forget their dreams. 37. Which group of people are most likely to forget their dreams? A. People who are ready to write a dream journal. B.People who desire to find a solution in their dreams. C.People who set an alarm to go off frequently during the night. D.People who are hard to be disturbed by surrounding sounds during sleep. 38. It is bad for people to remember all of their dreams because________. A. that will confuse their daily thinking B.that will make people feel exhausted C.they will judge everything by sense D.they will be guided by their dreams 39. From the last sentence, we can infer that________. A. effective ways need to be developed to fully make use of our dreams B.people who regularly forget their dreams will never know their mind well C.scientists will give us much deeper explanations for what our dreams mean D.those forgotten dreams are stored in our brain and will be remembered if needed 40. The passage mainly discusses________. A. how important dreams are to health B.the reason why people forget their dreams C.the relationship between one’s dream and sleep D.different stages of sleep and people’s changes in each one D Exams affect the whole family. As teenagers bury themselves in textbooks, parents have to behave like saints(圣人), ignoring doubts—is he actually studying up there, or just playing online games? Forget any practical help around the house. “He’s sitting at the kitchen table reading the TV guide,” says the mother of angry and says, ‘But I’m revising’.” Chloe, 16, comes from a large family and finds it is hard to revise. “I become angry easily,” Chloe says.“I camplain to my mum that there’s too much noise and too much mess.” Beyond these practical considerations, parents are confused about how much they should get involved. Some call for expert help. Others buy lots of practice exam papers. But you may use your skills to spur your children. Anne, 18, admits that the greatest driving force for revision is being in competition with her twin sister. My mother always says my sister is better than me. Bribery(行贿)is not unknown.“Some parents offer their children material or cash rewards,” says Mike Evans, the author of How To Pass Your Exams. “This may achieve the required result in some cases, but I think it does nothing for the

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their own personal development.” “I deal with exam stress all the time,” says an experienced teacher. “Basically, the pupils and I have an agreement to convince the parents that all is going well. Then the parents back off and everything gets better.” Her fantasy stress to their children. 41. According to the writer, when children study for tests,________. A. children shouldn’t make parents doubt them B.children should help with some housework C.parents should create a peaceful environment D.parents should bear all their children’s behavior 42. What does the underlined word “ spur” in Paragraph 2 mean? A.Encourage. B.Punish. C.Comfort. D.Educate. 43. What is Mike Evans’s attitude towards parents’ bribing children for better grades? A.Supportive. B.Opposed. C.Objective. D.Unknown. 44. The experienced teacher sent parents away because she________. A.would like to give parents a great surprise B.believed children could deal with pressure C.everything went well in the school D.didn’t want parents to bring stress to children 45. What is the main idea of the text? A. How to get along well with your children. B.How to help your children do well at school. C.Tips for parents to help children prepare for exams. D.Tips for parents to help children overcome test anxiety. 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题;满分 15 分) 假设你是英语导游李华,2011 年 3 月 15 日有一批外国游客要参观你校举办的机器人科 技节。以下是此次活动的安排: 学校概况:国家级园林学校,因机器人科技节出名。 活动安排: 1.8∶00 在学校门口集合,在那里观赏精彩的机器人表演。 2.8∶30 到学校水上公园,体验机器人操控的游船,观赏园林风光。 3.10∶00 到学校机器人展品馆,参观我们设计的各种机器人。 4.11∶00 返回宾馆。 【写作内容】 请你根据以上内容向游客介绍一下活动安排,内容包括: 1.学校概括简介; 2.活动安排的时间、地点和内容。 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分)

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阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Traffic safety is everybody’s business. Records show that every year a lot of people die in traffic accidents. Some of the accidents are due to mechanical problems. However, most of them are the results of careless driving, and could be avoided. A lot of people pay no attention to traffic signals and rules. They drive regardless of speed limits, run through red lights, drive in the wrong direction, talk and laugh or make phones or send messages or smoke while driving, and turn as they wish without giving signals. They don’t slow down while approaching crossroads. There are so many people not obeying traffic rules that we cannot put too much emphasis (强调) on the importance of traffic safety. Only when everybody realizes traffic safety is everybody’s business can we be safe driving on roads and walking on sidewalks. So, there is no doubt that we all need traffic rules. Traffic rules make roads safe. If we don’t obey the traffic rules, accidents will occur. We should take traffic regulations seriously because our life and safety should be treated seriously. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 词表述如何确保道路安全,内容包括: (1)骑自行车靠右行; (2)交通灯是红色时,不要横穿马路或向左拐弯 (3)转弯或停车时要打手势; (4)要帮助老人或孩子穿过马路; (5)要教育小孩不在马路上玩耍或骑车。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

答案: 第一部分 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) BBDCA ACDBD DCBAC 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16. its 17. a 18. by 19. reaching 20. And 21. as 22. be avoided 23. began 24. which 25. professionals 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

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ABDDC CDBAB CDADB CABDC 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题;满分 15 分) Welcome to our beautiful school, which is not only a national garden school, but also is famous for the Robot Science Festival. At 8∶00 on the morning of March 15, 2011, we’ll meet at the gate of our school where you can watch some splendid performances by robots. Then, at 8∶30 we’ll go to the school water park where you can take boats operated by robots and enjoy charming sights. Next, at 10∶00, we’ll walk to the exhibition hall where all kinds of robots designed by us are displayed. At 11∶00, we’ll return to the hotel. 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) Many people die in traffic accidents every year, most of which can be avoided if people obey the traffic rules. To avoid traffic accidents, we must keep in mind the following traffic rules. First, remember that you must ride on the right and make a gesture when you want to make a turn or stop at a place. Second, never try to cross the road or turn left when the light is red, for you may be knocked over by a car if you don’t follow the rules. While crossing the road, you must make sure it’s safe enough and you can’t be too careful. When you see an old person or a child crossing the street, go and give him or her a hand. Last but not least, remember to remind children not to play or ride on the road, because they are too young to look after themselves.


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