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动词-ing形式作状语归纳


动词-ing 形式作状语归纳 1. 作时间状语 -ing 短语作时间状语要置于句首。如: Hearing the bad news, they couldn’t help crying .=When they heard the bad news, they couldn’t help crying. 当听到这个不幸的消息时,他们情不自禁地哭了起来。 Having receive

d his letter, I decided to write back. =After I had received his letter, I decided to write back. 收到他的信后,我决定给他回信。 2. 作原因状语-ing 短语作原因状语置于句首。如: Being so angry, he couldn’t go to sleep. =Because he was so angry, he couldn’t go to sleep.

因为太生气了,他不能入睡。 Having been to the Great Wall many times, he didn’t go last week. =Because (As) he had been to the Great Wall many times, he didn’t go last week. 因为他已经去过长城许多次,上周他就没去。 3. 作条件状语 -ing 作条件状语置于句首或句末。如: Working hard, you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 如果你勤奋一点,你就会成功。 Having been given more attention, the trees could have grown better.

=If they had been given more attention, the trees could have grown better. 如果对这些树再多注意些,它们可能长得更好。 4. 作让步状语 -ing 短语作让步状语, 可置于句首或 句末, 常与 even if, though 连 用。如: Though working from morning till night, his father didn’t get enough food. =Although his father worked from morning till night, he didn’t get enough food. 虽然他父亲从早到晚拼命地干活,但是他还是挣不到足够的吃的。 5. 作伴随状语 置于句首或句末。如: They =They came sang into and the classroom, they singing into and the laughing. classroom.

laughed;

came

他们又唱又笑地走进教室。 注意: 1. -ing 短语与 when,while,though,until,if 等连词连用时,相当于 这些连词引导的一个从句。如: When working in the factory, he was an advanced worker. =When he worked in the factory, he was an advanced worker. Though willing to attend the party, he refused the invitation. =Though he was willing to attend the party, he refused the invitation.

While staying in Beijing, he came to see me twice. =While he was staying in Beijing, he came to see me twice. If playing all day, you will waste your valuable time. =If you play all day, you will waste your valuable time. Though raining heavily, it cleared up very soon. =Though it was raining heavily, it cleared up very soon. 2. 动词-ing 形式在句中作状语时,其逻辑主语与主句的主语保持一 致。如: He traveled on the plane like this, keeping the tortoise hidden in a blanket. = When he traveled on the plane like this, he kept the tortoise hidden in a blanket. 小 结: V-ing 有其完成式 having done,表示分词动作发生于主句动作之前。 表示时间状语时常同连词 when,whenever,while,once,until 等连 用。 分词作状语时, 其逻辑主语同主句的主语一致且有逻辑主动关系, 往往可转换为相应的状语从句。 V-ing 形式的否定 not 要置于 V-ing 之前。 如:He sat there, not knowing what to say. Choose the correct sentence 1. a. Hearing the news, tears ran down her face. b. Hearing the news, she cried out sadly. (X) (√ )

2. a. Entering the classroom, I found nobody in it. (√) b. Entering the classroom, nobody was found in it. (X) 3. a. Looking out through the window, the garden was beautiful.(X) b. Looking out through the window, we saw a beautiful garden.(√) 4. a. Reading the evening newspaper, a dog started barking.(X) b. I was reading the evening newspaper when a dog started barking.(√) 5. a. Being fine, we will have the sports meeting next week.(X) b. It being fine, we will have the sports meeting next week.(√)


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