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高考英语语法:秒杀定语从句定语从句的基本...定语从句的规律...

46
C. or
D.
不填

(4) After they had each said a few words, _____ Lloyd George took the floor.

r />A. and
B. so
C. or
D.
不填

答案均选
D

空格前分别为

if, when, before, after
引导的状语从句,
空格后为整个复合句的主句。

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1.

“Shall

we stop for lunch _____ shall we drive on?” “Let’s stop for lunch, but the driver can’t
drink _____ drive.”

A. and, and
B. or, or
C. and, or
D. or, and

2.

“_____ when does the pub stay open?”

“About midnight.”

A. Since
B. Before
C. Until
D. After

3.

“Would you like tea _____ coffee?” “_____, thanks.”

A. or, No
B. and, Either
C. or, Neither
D. and, Each

4.

He imagines that people don’t like him, _____ they do.

A. and
B. then
C. so
D. but

5.
I firmly believe _____ he said at the meeting was right.
A. that
B. which
C. that what
D. what that

6.
Will you deliver, _____ do I have to come to the shop to collect the goods?

A. and
B. or
C. so
D. then

7.
It shocked me to see ______ my neighbors treated their children.

A. why
B. whether
C. how
D. since

8.
_____ the government agrees to give extra money , the theatre will have to close.

A. Until
B. Unless
C. Since
D. While

9.
We were just about ready to leave _____ it started to snow.

A. when
B. before
C. after
D. since

10.

—I don’t like chicken _______ fish.


I
don’t like chicken, _______ I like fish very much.

A. and, and

B. and, but


47
C. or, but

D. or, and

11.


Would you like to come to dinner tonight?
—I’d like to, ___ I’m too busy.

A. and
B. so
C. as
D. but
【答案与解析】

1.


D
,第一空填

or
,表选择;第二空填

and
,can’t drink and d
rive
指不能同时既喝酒又开车,
即不能酒后开车。

2.


C
,句意为“这家酒店开门到什么
?
(或这家酒店什么时候关门
?
)”

3.


C
,选项
A

No
来回答选择疑问句,不妥;选项
B


and
连接

tea


coffee
,说明问句
并非提供选择,而答语却用了

either
这样表选择性的词语,也不妥;选项
D
与语境不符。

4.


D
,前后意思转折,故选

but
。注:
but they do = but they like him


5.


C

that
为引导宾语从句的连词,在

that what he said at the meeting was right
这一宾语从
句中,又包含有
what he said at the meeting
这一主语从句,而在该主语从句中,
what
用作动词

said
的宾语。

6.


B

or
表选择。

7.


C

how
修饰谓语动词

treated


8.


B
,从句意推知。

9.


A

when
在此用作并列连词,意为“这时
(
突然)”。

10.


C
。第一空填

or
,在否定词后用
or
,表示否定两者;第二空填
but
,表示转折。

11.


D

but
表转折,符合语意。而表并列的
and


结果的
so
,原因的
as
都不符合句意。


动词时态考点

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1.

“I _____ his telephone number.” “I have his number, but I ____ to bring my phone book.”

A. forget, forget
B. forgot, forgot
C. forget, forgot
D. forgot, forget
【陷阱】
容易误选
A
,认为“忘记”是现在的事。

【分析】
仔细体会一下对话的语境:第一个人说“我忘记他的电话号码了”,这个“忘记”应该是现在
的情况,即现在忘记了,要不然就没有必要同对方说此话了,故第一空应填

forget
;第二个人说“我有
他的号码,
但我忘记带电话本了”,
这个“忘记”应该是过去的情况,
即过去忘记带电话本,
所以现在电话
本不在身上
(
注意句中的转折连词

but)
,故第二空应填

forgot
,即答案选应
C
。请再看一例:


Oh, I ______ where he lives.



Don’t you carry your address book?

No, I ______ to bring it.
A. forget, forget
B. forgot, forgot
C. forget, forgot
D. forgot, forget


48
答案选
C
,理由同上。

2.
I had hoped to see her off at the station, but I _____ too busy.
A. was
B. had been
C. would be
D. would have been
【陷阱】
容易误选
B

D
,认为前句用了
had hoped
,所以此句谓语要用
B

D
与之呼应。

【分析】
但正确答案为
A
,前一句谓语用
had hoped
,表示的是过去未曾实现的想法或打算,可以
译为“本想”,而后一句说“我太忙”,这是陈述过去的一个事实,所以要用一般过去时。请做以下类似试

(
答案均为
A)


(1) We had hoped to catch the 10:20 train, but _____ it was gone.
A. found
B. had found
C. would find
D. would have found
(2) We had hoped that you would be able to visit us, but you _____.
A. didn’t

B. hadn’t

C. needn’t

D. would not have
(3) We had wanted to come to see him, but we ____ no time.
A. had
B. had had
C. would have
D. would have had
(4) I had expected to come over to see you last night, but someone ___
___ and I couldn’t get
away.
A. called
B. had called
C. would call
D. would have called
(5) The traffic accident wouldn’t have happened yesterday, but the driver _______ really careless.

A. was
B. is
C. were
D. had been

3.
Dear me! Just _____ at the time! I _____ no idea it was so late.
A. look, have
B. looking, had
C. look, had
D. looking, have

【陷阱】
此题容易误选
D
,认为第一空用现在分词表伴随,第二空填

have
的一般现在时,以保
持与前面时态的一致性。

【分析】
其实,此题应选
C
,第一空应填

look,
因为这是祈使句的谓语;第二空应填

had
,因为
前一句说“看看时间吧”,
这一看当然知道了现在很迟的情形,
“不知道这么迟了”显然应是“过去”的事,

应用一般过去时态,许多同学由于忽略这一隐含的语境而误选。

4.

“Your phone number again? I _____ quite catch it.” “It’s 4331577”

A. didn’t

B. couldn’t

C. don’t

D. can’t

【陷阱】
此题容易误选
C
,认为此处要用一般现在时态,表示现在“没听清对方的话”。



49
【分析】
其实,此题答案应选
A
,根据上文的语境“请把你的电话号码再说一遍好吗?”可知“没听清
对方的电话号码”应是在说此话以前,故应用一般过去时态。请看以下类似试题:

(1)
“Mr Smith isn’t coming tonight.” “ But he _____.”

A. promises
B. promised
C. will promise
D. had promised
答案选
B
,“他答应
(
要来)”应发生在过去。

(2) “Hey, look where you are going!” “Oh, I’m terribly sorry. _____.”

A. I’m not noticing

B. I wasn’t noticing

C. I haven’t noti
ced
D. I don’t notice

答案选
B
,“我没注意”是对方提醒之前的事,现经对方一提醒,当然注意到了。

(3) “Oh it’s you ! I ________ you.” “I’ve had my hair cut.”

A. didn’t realize

B. haven’t realized

C. didn’t recognize

D. don’t recognized


答案选
C
。“没认出是你”是说此话之前的事,说此话时显然已经认出了对方。

(4) “What’s her new telephone number?” “Oh, I _____.”

A. forget
B. forgot
C. had forgotten
D. am forgetting
此题应选
A
,从语境上看,“忘记”的时间应是现在,即指现在不记得了。

(5) “Since you’ve agreed to go, why aren’t you getting ready?” “But I ______ that you would have
me start at once.”

A. don’t realize

B.
didn’t realize

C. hadn’t realized

D. haven’t realized

答案选
B
。“没意识到”是对方提醒之前的事。

(6) “It’s twelve o’clock, I think I must be off now.” “Oh, really? I ______ it at all.”

A. don’t realize

B. haven’t realized

C. didn’t realize

D. hadn’t realized

答案选
C
。“没意识到”是在听到的话之前的事。

5.

Mr Smith ______ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether he has finished it.

A. has written
B. wrote
C. had written
D. was writing
【陷阱】
容易误选
B

C


【分析】
此题应选
D

这是由

but I don’t know whether he has finished it
这一句话的语境决定的,
全句意为“史密斯先生去年在写一本书,
但我不知道他现在是否写完了”。
有的同学可能由于受

last year
的影响而误选
B

但若选
B

则句子前半部分的意思则变为“史密斯先生去年写了一本书”,
既然是“写了”,
那么这与下文的“但我不知道他现在是否写完了”相矛盾。

6.
He has changed a lot. He _______ not what he _______.

A. is, is
B. was, was


50
C. is, was
D. was, is
【陷阱】
几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】
最佳答案选
C
,上文说“他”变化很大,即“他”现在不是过去的那个样子了,故第一空填
is

第二空填

was
(其实第二空也可用

used to be
)。请看类例:

“What place is it?” “Haven’t you found out we _____ back where we ______?”

A. were, had been
B. have been, are

C. are, were
D. are, had been
答案选
C

We are back where we were
的意思是“我们(现在)又回到刚才来过的地方”。

7.
He
is very busy. I don’t know if he _____ or not tomorrow.

A. come
B. comes
C. will come
D. is coming
【陷阱】
此题容易误选
B
。认为

if
引导的是条件状语从句,从句谓语要用一般现在时表示将来意
义。

【分析】
其实,此题答案应选
C
,句中
if
引导的不是条件状语从句
(

if≠如果
)
,而是宾语从句
(

if
=是否
)
,句意为“他很忙,我不知道明天他是否会来。”请看以下类似试题:

(1) I don’t know if she
_____, but if she ____ I will let you know.
A. comes, comes







B. will come, will come

C. comes, will come




D. will come, comes

答案选

D
,第一个

if
引导的是宾语从句,第二个

if
引导的是条件状语从句。

(2) “When _____ he come?” “I don’t know, but when he _____, I’ll tell you.”

A. does, comes








B. will, will come

C. does, will come





D. will, comes
答案选

D
,第一个

when
疑问副词,用于引出一个特殊疑问句;第二个

when
是从属连词,用于
引导时间状语从句。

(3) “When he _____ is not known yet.” “But when he ____, he will be warmly welcomed.”

A. comes, comes








B. will come, will come

C. comes, will come





D. will come, comes

答案选

D
,第一个

when
引导的是主语从句,第二个

when
引导的是时间状语从句。

8.
The bridge, which _____ 1688, needs repairing.
A. is dated from
B. was dated from
C. dates from
D. dated from
【陷阱】
此题容易误选
B

D

认为句中用了

1688
这个过去时间,
所以应选过去时态,
又因为

date
from
不用于被动语态,所以只能选
D


【分析】
其实此题的最佳答案应是
C
,因为

date from
的意思是“自某时起存在至今”(=
have
existed since)
,它通常用于一般现在时,而不用过去时态
(
尽管其后接的总是表示过去的时间
)
。如:

The church dates from 1176.
这座教堂是六世纪建的。

The castle dates from the 14th century.
这座城堡是
14

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