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描写景物常用的词汇[1]


描写景物常用的单词
green (未干的, 潮湿的)(5.面色苍白的, 带病容的,无血色的,脸色发青的)
(5. pastel green 淡绿色)(10. green affinity 绿色的亲和力)(1. deep green 老绿色)(9. green lumber 生材,湿板)

pale

(灰白的;苍白的;白

皙的)(2.浅色的;淡色的)(3. 暗淡的;微弱的)(1.变得苍白, 失色, 变得暗淡)

(3. pale yellow 浅黄)(4. pale seagreen; pale blue eyes.浅淡的海绿色;淡蓝色的眼睛。)(7. a pale imitation 不成功的模仿)

misty
(4. a misty rain; a misty night 似雾的雨,雾朦朦的夜晚)(5. a misty december morning12 月一个雾 蒙蒙的早晨)(7. misty taste of moonshine,和朦胧的月光,)(9. far-off, misty mountains.远方;朦胧的山 峰)(10. dark and misty and gloomy.黑暗、朦胧而且阴沉。)

silvery
(5. the car is silvery gray.这小汽车是银灰色的。)(2. a silvery sound 银铃般清脆的声音)(6. his hair is silvery now.他的头发现在变成银白色了。)(7. outside was a silvery white world.外面已是一片银白色的 世界。)

breathtaking
(2. breathtaking performance 惊险的表演)(6. a breathtaking horse race 激动人心的赛马)(10. an area of breathtaking beauty 美得令人惊叹的地方)

sheer
(7. a sheer impossibility 绝对不可能)(8. a sheer cliff 壁立的山峰)(10. by sheer persistence 全凭坚持)

brilliant
(1. brilliant flower 鲜艳的花朵)(2. brilliant writing 妙笔生花)(4. brilliant record 辉煌的记录)(7. a brilliant star; brilliant chandeliers. 灿烂的星星;灿烂的吊灯。 )(8. a brilliant exposition 精辟的论 述)(9. brilliant, glorious achievement 彪炳事业)

jogged

(adj 接合的,啮合的)

(5. the car jogged along the rough road.那辆汽车在崎岖不平的路上颠簸着行进。)(6. the old bus jogged up and down.那辆旧公共汽车上下颠簸地行驶。)

stunning
(1. a stunning victory 惊人的大捷)(6. an unexpected, stunning blow or defeat.意外的打击出乎意料 的沉重的一击或大败)(7. a visually stunning piece of cinema 视觉效果令人惊叹的电影)

radiant

(3.灿烂的;光芒四射的)(2.喜悦的, 容光焕发的)(1.放热的; 发光的; 辐射的)

(1. radiant with smiles 笑容可掬)(2. radiant with joy 喜形于色)(6. radiant heat transfer 辐射传

热)(7. the radiant sun 光芒四射的太阳)(8. a radiant smile 满脸微笑)(10. you look radiant tonight. 你今晚真是光彩照人。)

verdant
(1. verdant fields 葱绿的田野)(2. verdant hills 苍翠的山峦)(5. a verdant pine wood 葱郁的松树 林)(7. the wind whispered in the green pines and verdant cypresses.苍松翠柏间,微风吹过。)

dazzling
(3. a dazzling advertisement 五光十色的广告)(5. dazzling style; flamboyance; flair.耀眼的风度;浮 华;天赋)(6. blindingly bright; dazzling splendour 光彩炫目)(7. the sunshine is dazzling.阳光耀 眼。)(9. the goods are dazzling.商品真是让人眼花缭乱。)

vibrant
(1. vibrant rhythms/tunes 强有力的节奏/曲调)(3. a vibrant personality 充满活力的性格)(4. vibrant with energy 精力充沛的)(7. a youthful vibrant voice 富于青春活力的声音)(8. a nation vibrant with enthusiasm 有热情的民族)(10. the city is vibrant with life.这城市充满生机。)

immense
(1. an immense improvement 巨大的改进)(3. in immense abundant 极其充裕)(9. spend immense sums in ...在 ... 上花费巨款)(10. immense amount of treasure 巨额财富)

vast
(10. a vast expanse of land 辽阔的土地)(8. vast in territory 幅员广大)(7. vast unpopulated plains. 广袤、没有人烟的草原。)

heavenly
(6. a heavenly day 十分美好的一天)

spectacular
(1. spectacular changes 引人注目的变化)(4. a spectacular waterfall 壮观的瀑布) salty (6. this dish tastes salty.这盘菜尝起来很咸。)

starry
(4. a starry-eyed reformer; starry-eyed idealism. 过分乐观的改革者;不切实际的理想主义。 )(5. a starry winter night 一个布满星星的寒夜)(10. the twinkling of a starry sky.星空的闪耀)

dusty
(3. the dusty road made the travelers dusty too.满是尘土的路弄得行人也满面尘土了。)(4. what a dusty answer!多不明确的回答啊!)

mild
(3. mild in disposition 性情温和。)(4. a mild tone 平缓的语调)(7. a mild fever.轻度发烧)(10. hard [mild] winter 严寒[暖和]的冬季)

tranquil
(3. tranquil yard life 恬淡的后院生活)(4. a tranquil night 宁静的夜晚)(6. keep a tranquil mind 保持 宁静的心境)(9. tranquil flow and rapid flow 缓流和急流)(10. tranquil and tender is the night.夜是静 寂的,柔和的。) towering (9. a towering intellect. 杰出的知识分子 )(10. a towering monument 高耸的纪念碑 )(5. towering pines 参天劲松)

lofty
(3. lofty ideals; lofty aspirations 远大的志向)(4. lofty sentiment 高尚的情操)(6. lofty tower 万丈高 楼)(10. most lofty undertaking 至高无上的事业)

gentle
(1. gentle people 驯良之民)(3. gentle is that gentle does.行为高贵,才算高贵。)(6. a gentle voice 柔和的声音)(8. a gentle smile 轻盈的微笑)

faint
(9. a faint hope 一线希望)

shallow
(6. shallow dish 浅底盘)(9. shallow views 肤泛之论)(10. shallow and ignorant 鄙陋无知)

hollow
(5. sunken [hollow] cheeks 双颊凹陷)(8. a hollow person.无内涵的人)

void
(2.没有…的)(3.空虚感, 失落感)(1.使无效;宣布…作废;取消) (3. void of understanding.缺乏理解)(4. void of sense 缺乏见识)(6. to make void.使失效)(9. to void a check 使支票作废)空虚

solid
(1. solid learning 实在的学问)(7. solid foundation 坚固的基础)(7. 团结的,一致的[(+for/against)]we
are solid for peace.我们一致拥护和平。)(9.连续的;完整的,完全的 james studied at the university for eight solid years.詹姆士在大学学了整整八年。)(solid waste 固体废料固体垃圾)

as much as 用法
一、表示数量
1.表示具体的数量,其后通常直接跟具体数量,
其意为“……之多”“多达”“整整”,强调“多” 。如: She trained hard for the race, sometimes running as much as 60 miles a week. 为了比赛,她 拼命地训练,有时一个星期要跑 60 英里。 The speed can vary by as much as 15 percent. 其速度的差别可高达 15%。 注:如上例所示,as much as 用于表示具体的 数量时,其后接的可能是可数名词,但由于它们意义 上仍然为不可数,故用 as much as,不
用 as many as。如 100 dollars,尽管其中的 dollars 为 可数名词的复数形式,由于 100 dollars 仍是一个不可数 的概念,仍是不可数的。但是下面这句是错的:I read as

3. 译为“与……一样多”。 如:
I haven’t as much responsibility as before. 我不 再担负过去那样多的责任了。

4. 译为“好像”“几乎”“差不多”“等于” 。如:
That is as much as saying I am a liar. 那无异于 说我撒谎。 He as much as admitted that it was his fault. 他 几乎承认说是他的错。 You said “all right”, which was as much as to say that you were satisfied. 你当时说“行”,这就等于 说你认为满意。 注:as much as to say [saying] 可视为习 语,意为“等于说”。

5. 译为“既……又”“不仅……而且”。 如:
It is as much your responsibility as mine. 这件 事你和我一样都有责任。 He retorted that it was my fault as much as his. 他反驳说那不仅是他的错,而且也是我的错。或:他 反驳说我的错误并不比他的错误小。 I expect to weep as much as (to) laugh. 我 简直又想哭,又想笑。

much as 100 articles today. 因为这里的 100 articles 表示的是可数概念, 故应改为: I read as many as 100 articles.

2. 表示模糊的数量,其意为“与……一样多”, 有时 much 后可接被修饰的名词(不可数) 。如: I’m sorry I haven’t done as much as I should. 我很抱歉,我做得很不够。 Some of the doctors are paid almost twice as much as the nurses. 有些医生所获得的报酬差不多 是护士的两倍。 We can take as much as our buyer can supply. 买主能提供多少我们就能要多少。 If you charge as much as that, you’ll scare customers off. 如果你要价那么高,你会把顾客吓跑 的。

6. 有时有较灵活的译法:
His latest play is not as much a farce as a burlesque tragedy. 他最近的一个剧本与其说是一个 滑稽剧,不如说是一个滑稽的悲剧。

三、表示经常性
Do you dine out as much as you did in Paris? 你还像在巴黎那样常常在外面吃饭吗? Grandma’s getting on a bit and doesn’t go out as much as she used to. 奶奶年事日高, 不像从前 那样常出门了。

二、表示程度
1. 译为“尽量”“尽最大努力(可能)”,主要用
于 as...as possible [one can] 。如: I have helped you as much as I can. Now it is up to you. 我已尽我所能地帮助你了。现在该看你自 己了。 I won’t have a pudding—it was as much as I could do to finish the very large first course. 我不要 布丁了——我能把第一道大菜吃完就已经很不容易 了。

四、两点特别说明
1. 第二个 as 有时为关系代词,用以引导定 语从句。如:
I gave him as much as he could eat. 他能吃多 少,我就给了他多少。 As much as he earned was given to his girlfriend. 他赚的钱都给了他的女朋友。

2. 译为“像……一样(的程度)” 。如:
I don’t pretend to know as much as he does about it. 我不敢说我对此事的了解有他那样多。 I like cats as much as dogs. 我喜欢猫和喜欢狗 的程度相同。 (此句可视为 I like cats as much as I like dogs 之省略)

2. 当连接两个成分作主语时, 其后谓语动词习 惯上要与前面一个成分保持一致。如:
John, as much as his brothers, was responsible for the loss. 不仅约翰的兄弟要对这损失 负责,而且约翰自己也要对这损失负责。


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