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状 语 从 句


2013 届高三英语复习专题

状 语 从 句
状语从句是指在句子中可修饰谓语(或其它动词) 、形容词、副词或是整个句子,它可以用来表示时间、地点、原因、目 的、结果、条件、方式、比较、让步等。

(一)时间状语从句 表示时间的状语从句可由 when, as, while, whenever, after, before, til

l (until), since, once, as soon as (或 the moment ), by the time, no sooner … than, hardly (scarcely) … when, every time 等引导。 When I came into the office, the teachers were having a meeting. He started as soon as he received the news. No sooner had I gone to bed than I went to sleep. (二)原因状语从句 原因状语从句是表示原因或理由的,引导这类从句的最常用的连词是 because, since, as , now that(既 然)等,for 表示因果关系时(它引导的不是从句)为并列连词,语气不如 because 强。 He is disappointed because he didn't get the position. As it is raining, I will not go out. Now that you mention it, I do remember. (三)地点状语从句 地点状语从句的连词 where 和 wherever 等。 Make a mark where you have a question. (四)目的状语从句 目的状语从句最常用的词(组)是 so, so that(从句谓语常有情态动词), in order that, in case 等。 Speak clearly, so that they may understand you. He left early in case he should miss the train. (五)结果状语从句 结果状语从句是表示事态结果的从句,通常主句是原因,从句是结果。由 so that (从句谓语一般没有 情态动词), so … that, such … that 等引导。 He was so excited that he could not say a word. She is such a good teacher that everyone admires her. (六)条件状语从句 条件状语从句分真实性(有可能实现的事情)与非真实性(条件与事实相反或者在说话者看来不大可 能实现的事情) 条件句。 引导条件状语从句的词 (组) 主要有 if, unless, so (as) long as, on condition that, so (as) far as, if only ( = if )。注意:条件从句中的 if 不能用 whether 替换。 You may borrow the book so long as you keep it clean. So far as I know, he will be away for three months. You can go swimming on condition that ( = if ) you don’t go too far away from the river bank. (七)让步状语从句 让步状语从句可由 although, though, as, even if (though), however, whatever, whether … or, no matter who (when, what, …) 等引导。注意:as 引导的让步状语从句一般是倒装的。 Though he is a child, he knows a lot. = Child as/though he is, he knows a lot. Whatever ( = No matter what ) you say, I’ll never change my mind. (八)方式状语从句 方式状语从句常由 as, as if (though), the way, rather than 等引导。 You must do the exercise as I show you. He acted as if nothing had happened. (九)比较状语从句 比较状语从句常用 than, so (as) … as, the more … the more 等引导。 I have made a lot more mistakes than you have. He smokes cigarettes as expensive as he can afford. The busier he is, the happier he feels. (十)使用状语从句时要注意的几个问题 1、在时间和条件(有时也在方式、让步等)从句中,主句是一般将来时,从句通常用一般现在时表 示将来。 We’ll go outing if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. I’ll write to you as soon as I get to Shanghai. 2、有些时间、地点、条件、方式或让步从句,如果从句的主语与主句主语一致(或虽不一致,是 it) , 从句的谓语又包含动词 be ,就可省略从句中的“主语 + be”部分。
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2013 届高三英语复习专题 When (he was) still a boy of ten, he had to work day and night. If (it is) necessary I’ll explain to you again. 3、注意区分不同从句:引导的是什么从句,不仅要根据连词,还要根据句子结构和句意来判别。以 where 为例,能引导多种从句。 You are to find it where you left it.(地点状语从句) Tell me the address where he lives.(定语从句,句中有先行词) I don’t know where he came from.(宾语从句) Where he has gone is not known yet.(主语从句) This place is where they once hid.(表语从句)

练习
I. Fill in the blanks with proper conjunctions. 1. Dr. Bethune came to China __________ he was fifty. 2. He began to work __________ he got there. 3. Let's begin our meeting __________everyone is here. 4. I like the English people, __________ I don't like their food. 5. __________ you go in China, you can see smiling faces. 6. He didn't come to the lecture, __________ he was very busy. 7. __________we had enough time, we walked to the cinema. 8. They will help you __________ you meet with difficulty. 9. _________ we came to the university, we have learnt quite a lot. 10.I didn't join them yesterday evening __________ I had to go to an important meeting. 11. We would try to get a car __________we could all travel together more easily. 12. She wouldn't forget her mother's birthday __________ she seldom wrote to her family. 13. We're doing everything we can to make things as easy for you ___________we can. 14. The meeting became so disorderly __________ the speaker had to shout the audience down. 15. He was angrier __________ ever before. 16. __________ you lock all the doors, he can still manage to get in. 17. The boy was so tired __________ he fell asleep on the bus. 18. Hard _________ he tried, he couldn’t force the door open. II. Multiple choice. 1. I’ll let you know ____ he comes back. A. before B. because C. as soon as D. although 2. She will sing a song ____ she is asked. A. if B. unless C. for D. since 3. We will work ____ we are needed. A. whenever B. because C. since D. wherever 4. Read it aloud _____ the class can hear you. A. so that B. if C. when D. although 5._____ you go, don't forget your people. A. Whenever B. However C. Wherever D. Whichever 6. It is about ten years _____ I met you last. A. since B. for C. when D. as 7. They will never succeed, _____ hard they try. A. because B. however C. when D. since 8. _____ still half drunk, he made his way home. A. When B. Because C. Though D. As 9. _____ she was very tired, she went on working. A. As B. Although C. Even D. In spite of
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2013 届高三英语复习专题 10. Busy _____ he was, he tried his best to help you. A. as B. when C. since D. for 11. I learned a little Russian _____ I was at middle school. A. though B. although C. as if D. when 12. _____ we got to the station, the train had left already. A. If B. Unless C. Since D. When 13. _____ the rain stops, we' 11 set off for the station. A. Before B. Unless C. As soon as D. Though 14. She was _____ tired _____ she could not move an inch. A. so, that B. such, that C. very, that D. so, as 15. We didn’t go home _____ we finished the work. A. since B. until C. because D. though 16. I'll stay here _____ everyone else comes back. A. even if B. as though C. because D. until 17. Although it's raining, _____ are still working in the field. A. they B. but they C. and they D. so they 18. Speak to him slowly _____ he may understand you better. A. since B. so that C. for D. because 19. You'll miss the train ______ you hurry up. A. unless B. as C. if D. until 20. When you read the book, you' d better make a mark _____ you have any questions. A. at which B. at where C. the place D. where 21. We'd better hurry ______ it is getting dark. A. and B. but C. as D. unless 22. I didn’t manage to do it _____ you had explained how. A. until B. unless C. when D. before 23._____ he comes, we won't be able to go. A. Without B. Unless C. Except D. Even 24. I hurried _____ I wouldn't be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 25. _____ I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. A. Every time B. Though C. Even D. Where 26. What's the matter _____ they still haven't answered the telegram? A. when B. that C. though D. however 27. Bring it nearer _____ I may see it better. A. although B. even though C. so that D. since 28. You may arrive in Beijing early _____ you mind taking the night train. A. that B. though C. unless D. if 29. Helen listened carefully _____ she might discover exactly what she needed. A. in that B. in order that C. in case D. even though 30. More people will eat out in restaurants _____ they do today. A. than B. when C. while D. as 31._____ hard she tries, she can hardly avoid making mistakes in her homework. A. Much B. However C. As D. Although 32. Poor _____ it may be, there is no place like home, _____ you may go. A. as; wherever B. though; whenever C. in spite of; when D. that; wherever
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2013 届高三英语复习专题 33. The child was __ immediately after supper. A. enough tired to go to bed B. too tired to go to bed C. so tired that he went to bed D. very tired, he went to bed 34. The history of nursing __ the history of man. A. as old as B. is old than C. that is as old as D. is as old as 35. _____ born in Chicago, the author was famous for his stories about New York. A. Since B. Once C. When D. Although 2012 真题实战 【全国卷 II】⒒ I had hardly got to the office ___ my wife phone me to go back home at once. A. when B. than C. until D. after 【安徽】 When ___ for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding. 30. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked 【重庆】30.—Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t ________you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. A. until B. before C. as D. unless 【全国】25. I don't believe we've met before, ___ I must say you do look familiar. A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 【北京】21. —Look at those clouds!—Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time. A. Even if B. As though C. In case D. If only 【北京】35. Don’t handle the vase as if it ____ made of steel. A. is B. were C. has been D. had been 【福建】30. It is hard for Greek government to get over the present difficulties ______ it gets more financial support from the European Union. A. if B. unless C. because D. since 【陕西】18. Hot ___ the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. A. although B. as C. while D. however 【陕西】25. All the photographs in this book, _______ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. A. unless B. until C. once D. if 【山东】27. He smiled politely ____ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. A. as B. if C. unless D. though 【山东】32. A number of high buildings have arisen ____ there was nothing a year ago but ruins. A. when B. where C. before D. until 【湖南】28. _______ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. Once C. If D. Until 【湖南】32. ______ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. A. However B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Whenever 【天津】14. Everything was placed exactly _____ he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. A. while B. when C. where D. though 【江西】31. You can borrow my car ____ you promise not to drive too fast. A. unless B. if C. in case D. as long as 【辽宁】30. Leave your key with your neighbor ____ you lock yourself out one day. A. as long as B. even though C. in case D. as if 【四川】10. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay ______ you are and wait for help. A. why B. where C. who D. what 【江苏】30. One’s life has value _____ one brings value to the life of others. A. so that B. no matter how C. as long as D. except that
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2013 届高三英语复习专题 参考答案 状语从句 一、 1. Child as she is, she k nows a lot of things. 让步 2. The more I can do for the class, the happier I’ll be.比较 3. He talks as if (as though) he knew all about it.方式 4. He is such a good teacher that the students love and respect him.结果 5.I shall go to the park unless it rains.条件 6. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.时间 7. Where there is water, there is life.地点 8. He studied hard so that he could catch up with his classmates.目的 9. Since you are very busy, I won't trouble you.原因 10. Even if (though) I fail, I’ll never lose heart.让步 11. Once you begin the work, you must con tinue.时间 12. I will find her wherever she may be. 让步 13. Now that you've come, you'd better have dinner with us.原因 14. He was so excited that he couldn't fall asleep.结果 15. We must do everything as he tells us.方式 16. India is much bigger than Japan.比较 17. No matter when you come, you are warmly welcome.让步 18. As (So) long as you work hard, you can catch up with the other classmates.条件 二、 when; 2. as soon as; 3. as; 4. though; 5. Whwerever; 6. because; 7. Since; 8. whenever; 9. Since; 10. because; 1. 11. so that; 12. though; 13. as; 14. that; 15. than; 16. Even if; 17. that; 18. as 三、1~5 CADAC 6~10 ABCBA 11~15 DDCAB 16~20 DABAD 21~25 CABBA 26~30 BCCBD 31~35 BACDD 36~40 ADCDD 41~45 CCBAD 46~50 DBCBD 51~53 CDD

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