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必修 4 Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. at her success, her parents took her to an expensive restaurant Unit 2
r />to celebrate. A. To delight C. Delighted B. To be delighted D. Delighting
2. (2013· 台州模拟)—I’m afraid I have to give it up. —Don’t be discouraged. Remember succeed one day. A. anyone C. no matter who
sticks to his work will
B. who D. whoever
3. (2013· 溪 模 拟 )After the long journey, the Whites returned 玉 home, . B. safe but tired D. safely and tiring
A. safely but tired C. safe and tiring
4. (2013· 杭州模拟)Medical staff fled as flames and smoke filled an Indian hospital, ________ their patients to a fi re, which killed 89 people.
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A. abandoned C. to abandon
B. having abandoned D. abandoning
5. (2013· 西安模拟)—Did you hear the loud thunder last night? —Yes, it was at about twelve o’clock little frightened. A. that B. before C. until D. when and asked I was awoken up and I felt a
6. The magician picked some people from the audience them to help him with the performance. A. by accident C. at random B. in vain D. on average
7. (2013· 南京模拟)In considering people for jobs, we give those with some experience. A. decision C. preference 8. (2013· 潍坊模拟)— B. attempt D. reputation for the fire!
—It’s OK. I’ll be careful enough. A. Look out C. Put out B. Watch over D. Look up , it was immediately
9. (2013· 黄冈模拟)When the book was first well received by readers. A. brought up C. brought about
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B. brought down D. brought out
. I have another call coming in.
—Take your time. I am not in a rush. A. Help yourself C. Let me alone B. Hang on, please D. Forget it
11. Some people are firmly against the government’s reform plan while the majority of the public are A. in view of C. in honour of 12. With the it. B. in favour of D. in memory of of exact evidence for his crime, the young man was
released by the police on the scene. A. appearance C. absence 13. —I am sorry I have to B. significance D. association now. Someone is knocking at the door.
—OK, please keep in touch either by phone or by e-mail. A. break up C. hold up B. hang up D. give up your back pain?
14. —Do you really think the drug can —At least part of it more or less. A. remind C. reserve B. remove D. reward
15. —Guess what! I’ve passed my oral English test and got an A. —Congratulations. You
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have practiced a lot.
A. must Ⅱ. 完形填空
When my oldest son was in high school, he planned to attend a Christian contemporary concert with the youth group from our church. To my 1 , Aaron invited me to go along. I 2 accepted; however, by
the time the date of the concert arrived, my youngest son had been ill, and I was 3 about him. My husband 4 me to attend the concert,
promising he would take care of our youngest son. I hesitated. Finally, it 5 me. Aaron was sixteen years old. How many 6
would I have to do something fun with him 7 he went away to college? And how many youth actually 8 their mothers to attend a concert with
them that was clearly for teens? The 9 was made. I would not miss this opportunity. At the concert, I sat with Aaron in the third row, stuffing( 填 满)cotton in my ears to block out the 10 , ear-splitting music of the
first performer. I stood when the kids stood, clapped when they clapped, and never let anyone know how 11 I was to feel the floor vibrate(震 12 at my enthusiasm.
动)beneath my feet. Aaron and his friends were
By the time we left the concert, my ears were ringing, but it quickly passed. 13 did my son’s teenage years. 14 he was in college and
away from home. I missed him more than I could say. On days when I was especially 15 for his ready smile and his teasing manner, I would
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think back to the concert we attended and be thankful once again that I didn’t 16 an opportunity to spend time with my son.
Aaron is now grown and has a family of his own, but we are still very 17 . Some days he calls just to 18 and tell me about his day. I drop everything and 19 the moment, knowing these times too shall 20 . (328W) 1. A. amazement C. argument 2. A. hardly C. readily 3. A. crazy 4. A. prevented C. stopped 5. A. determined C. controlled 6. A. opportunities C. festivals 7. A. after 8. A. invited 9. A. invitation 10. A. silly 11. A. excited
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B. agreement D. disappointment B. suddenly D. rapidly B. merciful C. patient B. encouraged D. refused B. hit D. annoyed B. years D. moments B. since B. advised B. design B. pleasant B. nervous C. when C. allowed C. demand C. loud C. curious D. before D. promised D. decision D. sweet D. surprised D. concerned
12. A. puzzled C. amused 13. A. Such 14. A. In no time C. At a time 15. A. tired 16. A. have 17. A. close 18. A. talk C. chat 19. A. wait 20. A. pass Ⅲ. 阅读理解 B. spend B. gain B. worried B. miss B. open B. Neither
B. annoyed D. disappointed C. So B. In time D. At the time C. upset C. obtain C. young B. speak D. communicate C. listen C. lose D. enjoy D. keep D. lonely D. grasp D. positive D. Either
February 4, 2012 saw the take-off of a new rising NBA star—Jeremy Lin. Among professional basketball players, Jeremy Lin’s background is not typical. He graduated from Harvard
University, which sends few players to the NBA, and he is the only Chinese-American NBA player. But when you watch him on the court, there is no doubt that he belongs there. He moves with speed and grace that demonstrate years of faithful practice, which is fueled by a love for basketball.
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Lin’s enjoyment of basketball actually began in Taiwan.
Lin’s father moved to the U. S. , his interest in the sport only grew and he passed on this love of basketball to his son, introducing him to the game at the age of five. The young Lin spent much of his youth playing basketball for fun. In high school, Lin dreamed of playing in the NBA. When he applied for college, he was not offered a single sports scholarship. However, after his admission to Harvard, he was offered a place on its college basketball team. During Lin’s time at Harvard, his basketb all career began to speed up. He scored 1, 482 points, making him one of the highest scorers in Ivy League history. When he graduated, no professional teams offered Lin a contract, but he was invited to play in the NBA Summer League. He played well and ended up eagerly signing a contract with the Golden State Warriors. At first, playing in professional games filled Lin with excitement. He treasured opportunities to meet players he had been watching on TV for years. But slowly, the excitement wore off and was replaced by anxiety. In a few very difficult months, he was cut by two teams before the New York Knicks picked him up.
But he had the courage and determination to stick to his dream, so he put himself into hard training to get ready for his opportunity to come.
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Then his moment arrived on February 4, 2012, on which his excellent performance made him famous overnight. After that, he led the New York Knicks to their fifth straight victory. The Associated Press called Lin “the most surprising story in the NBA”. Knicks fans developed the nickname for him “Linsanity”. Time magazine released its 201 2 list of the 100“Most Influential People in the World”, Jeremy Lin included. No doubt, Lin fever is continuing to spread if you haven’t already caught“Linsanity”, get ready. (407W) 1. Which of the following elements is of little help in Lin’s success? A. His father’s influence. B. His devotion to basketball. C. His years of hard work. D. His graduation from Harvard University. 2. What does the underlined phrase “wore off” in the seventh paragraph probably mean? A. Arose. C. Grew. B. Disappeared. D. Remained.
3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passa ge? A. Lin learned to play basketball when he was eight. B. Before Lin there were no Chinese-American NBA players. C. Lin was excited for professional games and did a good job at the beginning.
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D. Lin is the most outstanding player in NBA. 4. Which is the right order for Lin’s life? a. He made an excellent performance on Feb. 4. b. He was fired by the Golden State Warriors. c. He was invited to play in the NBA Summer League. d. He graduated from Harvard University. e. He became famous overnight. A. a, d, c, b, e C. d, c, b, a, e B. d, b, c, a, e D. a, e, d, c, b
5. It can be inferred from the passage that ________ A. NBA prefers graduates from Harvard University. B. Lin got an easy entry into NBA. C. Lin didn’t show his basketball talents in Harvard University. D. Lin didn’t have a smooth road in NBA. 【语篇随练】 根据词性与含义写出完形填空中的单词或短语 1._________ adj. 当代的, 现代的;同时代的, 同属一个时期的 n. 同代人;同辈人;同龄人;当代人 2. _______ vt. 塞满;填满;让吃饱
3. ________挡住, 遮挡(光线) 4._________ adj. 震耳欲聋的;极响的
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5. _________ 6. ________
prep. 在……下方 adj. 被逗笑的;愉快的;顽皮的
Ⅰ. 1.【解析】选 C。考查非谓语动词。句意: 高兴于她的成功, 父母 带她去一家高级酒店庆祝。(be)delighted at. . . 因……而感到高兴, 此 处用过去分词作原因状语。 2.【解析】选 D。考查名词性从句。句意: ——恐怕我只能放弃了。 ——不要泄气。记住任何坚持工作的人总有一天会成功的。句中 Remember 动词之后省略了宾语从句的连接词 that。 whoever 引导的名 词性从句为 Remember 之后的宾语从句的主语部分, 而 no matter who 只能引导状语从句;如果改用 anyone 引导句子, 则其后应为 who 引导 的定语从句。 3.【解析】选 B。考查形容词作状语。句意: 在经过了漫长的旅行之 后, 怀特一家平安地回到了家, 但却已是疲惫不堪。 句中 safe but tired 在句中为形容词短语作状语, 用以说明主语所处的状态。 4.【解析】选 D。考查非谓语动词。句意: 当火焰和浓烟吞没了印度 的一家医院时, 医务人员纷纷逃离, 结果将病人抛弃给了一场大火, 89 人在火中遇难。abandon 与 medical staff 之间为主谓关系, 故要用 现在分词作结果状语, 表示事件造成的结果。
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5.【解析】选 A。考查强调句。句意: ——你昨天晚上听到巨大的雷 声了吗? ——听到了。是在大约十二点钟我被叫醒, 我感觉有点害怕。根据强 调句的判断方法, 本句省略 it was 和 that 之后句意仍然相对完整, 故 是一个强调句, 选 A, 而其他选项均不正确。 【变式备选】 —Did Tim come back a little earlier last night? —Yes, it was merely twelve o’clock A. why B. when C. that he arrived home. D. which
【解析】选 B。考查状语从句。句意: ——Tim 是不是昨天晚上回家 稍微早些? ——是的, 他到家的时候只有 12 点钟。 句中的 when 引导时间状语从 句, 而不是一个强调句型。 注意如果在 twelve o’clock 之前加 at, 则是 一个强调句型结构。 6.【解析】选 C。考查介词短语。句意: 魔术师随机从观众中选了一 些人, 让他们帮助他表演。by accident 偶然地, 意外地; in vain 徒然, 无效果地, 白费地; at random 随机地; on average 平均地。 7.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。句意: 在考虑工作的人选方面, 我 们优先考虑那些有工作经验的人。decision 决定;attempt 尝试, 企 图 ;preference 偏 爱 , 优 先 权 , give preference to 给 予 …… 优 先 权;reputation 名誉, 声望。 8.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意: ——当心火灾!——好的,
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我会十分小心的。 look out for 留神, 小心, 当心;watch over 看守;监视; 照管;put out 伸出, 扑灭;look up 查找, 抬头向上看。 9.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。句意: 这本书初次出版就立即 受到了读者的好评。bring up 提出;教育, 抚养, 呕吐;bring down 使(价 格等)降低;bring about 导致, 造成;bring out 出版, 使显现。 10.【解析】选 B。考查情景交际。句意: ——请稍候。我有另外一个 电话打进来了。——慢慢来。我不急。Help yourself 请自便, 别客 气;Hang on, please 请别挂断, 请稍候;Let me alone 别管我, 别打扰 我;Forget it 没关系, 算了吧。由语境可知 B 项正确。 11.【解析】选 B。考查介词短语辨析。句意: 有些人坚决反对政府的 改革方案, 而它却受到了大多数公众的支持。 view of 由于, 鉴于; in in favour of 支持, 赞同;in honour of 为了纪念, 为了庆祝;in memory of 作 为对……的纪念。 12.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。句意: 因为没有确切的关于他犯罪 的证据, 年轻人被警察当场释放。appearance 出现, 露面;significance 意义, 重要性;absence 缺席, 缺勤;缺少, 缺乏, 无;association 联系, 联 想。 【变式备选】 The experts pointed out that the of wild ducks on the lake was a
sign that the local environment had greatly improved. A. escape C. attendance
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B. absence D. appearance
【解析】选 D。考查名词辨析。句意: 专家指出, 湖上野鸭的出现是 当地环境已经有了极大改善的一种迹象。 escape 逃跑;absence 缺少, 缺 席, 缺乏;attendance 出席, 到场;appearance 出现, 露面。 13.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意: ——很抱歉我现在必须 挂断电话了。 有人在敲门。 ——好, 请打电话或发电子邮件保持联系。 break up 分手, 打碎, 结束, 解散;hang up 挂断电话;hold up 举起, 拦住, 支撑, 延误;give up 放弃。 14.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意: ——你真的认为这药能消除 你的背部疼痛吗? ——起码或多或少可以消除一部分疼痛。 remove 移 动, 迁移, 开除, 消除;remind 提醒;reserve 预订;reward 报答, 回报, 酬 劳, 奖赏。 【变式备选】 No matter how ha rd I attempted to convince him of my honesty, I still have much difficulty A. replacing C. reminding his doubt. B. removing D. rewarding
【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意: 不管我怎么试图使他相信我的 真 诚 , 我 依 然 很 难 消 除 他 的 疑 虑 。 replace 取 代 , 代 替 , 放 回 原 处;remove 移动, 迁移;开除;消除, 除去;remind 提醒, 使想起;reward 报 答, 回报, 酬劳, 奖赏。 15.【解析】选 A。考查情态动词。句意: ——你猜怎么着!我通过了我 的英语口语测试并且得了 A。——祝贺你。你一定做了大量的练习。
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must have done 表示 对过去发生的事情的肯定推测, 符合句意。 should have done 表示“本应该做某事而没做”;would have done 表示“本会做 的, 但没做”;could have done 表示“本能够做但没有做”。均与题意不 符。 【知识拓展】情态动词+have done 小结 情态动词+have done 表示对过去情况的推测, 除了 must have done 之 外, 还要注意以下几种形式: (1)can’t have done 表示对过去事情的否定推测, 意为“不可能做过某 事”。 Mr Smith can’t have gone to Beijing, for I saw him in the library just now. 史密斯先生不可能去北京了, 因为我刚才还在图书馆见过他。 (2)may have done 表示对发生过的事情的推测, 意为“可能已 经”或“也 许已经”, 用于肯定句中。 —What has happened to George? ——乔治出了什么事? —I don’t know. He may have got lost. ——我不知道。他可能迷路了。 (3)would have done 是虚拟语气, 表示对过去事情的假设, 意为“本来 会做”。 I would have told you all about the little boy’s story, but you didn’t ask me. 我本来会告诉你这个小男孩的故事, 但是你没有问我。 (4)should have done 意为“本来应该做某事, 而实际没做”。shouldn’t
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have done 表示“本来不应该做某事, 而实际做了”, 含有指责对方或自 责的意思。 Tom, you are too lazy. The work should have been finished yesterday. 汤姆, 你太懒惰了。这项工作本来应该昨天就做完的。 (5)ought to have done 表示“过去应该做而实际并没有做”, 意为“理应 做……”, 往往表示遗憾。与 should have done 用法基本一样。 I ought to have gone home last Sunday. 我理应上星期日回家。 You ought not to have given him more help. 你本来不应该帮助他那么多。 (6)need have done 表示“本来需要做某事而没有做”。needn’t have done 则表示“本来不需要做某事而做了”。 He need have hurried to the station. In that case, he wouldn’t have missed the train. 他本来需要快点去车站的。那样的话, 他就不会误了火车 了。 Ⅱ. 就读高中的大儿子邀请妈妈一道参加基督教当代音乐会, 尽
管母亲不喜欢这些只适合于青少年的东西, 但她却极力装出喜欢的 样子, 然而, 这次音乐会却给她留下了美好的回忆。 1.【解析】选 A。儿子计划去参加基督教当代音乐会, 邀请作者陪同 前往, 这让作者感到很惊奇。 2.【解析】选 C。与下文提到的 however 之后的内容相对照可知, 作 者非常愿意去和儿子一道参加音乐会, 故用 readily 乐意地, 合乎故事
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语境。 3.【解析】选 D。上句提到, 音乐会举行的日期已经到了, 而此时小 儿子生病, 故作为母亲作者为他担心。 4. 【解析】 B。 选 根据后面的 promising he wo uld take care of our youngest son. 可知, 丈夫承诺照看小儿子, 故用 encouraged 符合语境。 5.【解析】选 B。从本空之后到本段结束都是作者由陪儿子一道去参 加音乐会这件事所引发的思考, 故用 hit 表示“突然想到”符合语境。 6.【解析】选 A。与下文 I would not miss this opportunity 相照应, 此 句意为“我会有多少机会在他离开上大学前与他一起做些有趣的事 呢? ” 7.【解析】选 D。从文章开头可知作者的儿子在读高中, 因此作者认 为在孩子上大学之前, 自己没多少机会去陪儿子做一些有趣的事。 8.【解析】选 A。与上文的 Aaron invited me to go along 相照应, 此句 意为“事实上有多少孩子邀请他们的妈妈和他们一道去参加一个显然 是只适合于十几岁的孩子的音乐会呢? ” 9.【解析】选 D。考查上下文照应。由“I readily accepted”可知, 作者 决定要和儿子一道去参加音乐会。故选 decision, make a decision 作出 决定。 10.【解析】选 C。从下面的 ear-splitting music of the first performer 可 知, 音乐会上, 音乐声特别大, 震耳欲聋, 因此作者把棉花塞到耳朵 里挡住响亮的、震耳欲聋的第一个表演者的音乐。 11.【解析】选 B。作者在听音乐时尽管备受煎熬, 但还是假装和孩子
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们一样喜欢这些东西, 不让孩子们知道当感觉到脚下的地板在震动 时自己有多么紧张。 12.【解析】选 C。Aaron 和朋友们都为母亲的热情而感到高兴, 但是 他们却不知道这一切都是母亲极力装出来的。 13. 解析】 C。 【 选 尽管离开音乐会的时候, 我的耳朵还在嗡嗡作响, 音 乐会很快就过去了, 我儿子的青少年时期也很快过去了。 14.【解析】选 A。孩子马上就离家去上大学了。in no time 立即, 马 上;in time 及时, 最后;at a time 每次;at the time 在那时。 15. 解析】 D。 【 选 与下句相照应, 孩子离家在大学读书, 作为妈妈, 作 者感到非常孤独, 因此渴望见到孩子脸上总是挂着的微笑和逗趣的 方式, 就会回想起自己和儿子一起去参加过的音 乐会。 16.【解析】选 B。庆幸自己没有错过这样一个和儿子共同度过这样 一段时光的机会。 17.【解析】选 A。尽管儿子已经成年, 并且有了自己的家, 这与下文 的儿子有时打电话跟自己聊天相照应。 18.【解析】选 C。此句说明了妈妈和儿子之间的亲密关系。 19.【解析】选 D。每当儿子打电话进来时, 作者会放下一切, 尽享这 一时刻, 因为她知道这样的时刻也会过去的。 20.【解析】选 A。作为一个母亲, 作者从参加音乐会这一经历感受到 了不能错过与儿子共享欢乐的机会, 因此本句在最后也说明了作者 对人生的一种感悟。 Ⅲ. 本篇介绍了进入美国 NBA 联赛的台湾籍篮球小伙子林书豪的
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成长故事。 1.【解析】选 D。细节理解题。从文章中可知, 其父亲的影响, 他对 篮球的专注以及数年的刻苦训练都为他后来进入 NBA 奠定了基础。 而从第二段的 He graduated from Harvard University, which sends few players to the NBA, 可知, 哈佛不是一个专业培养运动员的大学, 不 会对其成功起到很重要的作用。 2.【解析】选 B。词义猜测题。根据文章第七段开始的 At first, playing in professional games filled Lin with excitement. 和 and was replaced by anxiety 可推测, 画线短语 wore off 应指“消失”。 3.【解析】选 B。细节理解题。从文章第二段中的 he is the only Chinese-American NBA player 可知, 林书豪是唯一一位华裔美国 NBA 球员。 他五岁时而不是八岁时父亲开始让他了解篮球, 故 A 项不正确; 从文章第七段可知开始他的 NBA 生涯并不顺利;D 项“林是 NBA 最杰 出的球员”结论过于绝对。 4.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。本题要求理解在林书豪成长过程中几 个事件的顺序, 按时间顺序排列。林书豪的 NBA 职业球员生涯是在 他哈佛毕业之后开始的, 首先是被邀去参加 NBA 的夏季联赛, 然后 到金州勇士队, 被两个球队裁减掉, 最后被纽约尼克斯队选中, 才在 2012 年 2 月 4 日有了其杰出的表现, 一举成名, 故 C 项正确。 5.【解析】选 D。推理判断题。文章第四段至第七段部分描述了林书 豪成长道路的不平坦, 故正确答案为 D。 【语篇随练】
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1. contemporary 5. beneath
2. stuff 6. amused
3. block out
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