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Attributive Clause 2


Attributive clauses

The man who ran fastest is LiuXiang.

Liuxiang is the man who ran fastest .

SuZhou City

SuZhou is a beautiful city which/that<

br />develops fast

Harry porter is a boy

who has a magic power through birth .

The house whose roof is red is a bar

The city is Beijing.

which/that hosted the 2008 Olympic Games

Beckham is a football player,

who is a handsome guy.

注意: 1. that和which在指物的情况下一般都可以 互换, 但在下列情况下, 一般用that而不用which。 (1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, 等不定代词时。 I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow. (2)先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级修饰时。 The first lesson (that) I learned will never be forgotten. This is the best film (that) I have ever seen. (3)先行词既指人又指物时. They are talking about the people and things that they like. Look at the man and his donkey that are walking in the street.

(4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last, just修饰时。 This is the very book that belongs to him. He is the only person (that) I want to talk to. (5)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等 修饰时。 All (that) we have to do is to practice every day. They went to the library to look up any information (that) they need.
(6)先行词前面有who, which等疑问代词时。 Who is the man that is standing by the door? Which is the dictionary that you want? (7)关系词在从句中做表语 The boy was not the one that he used to be.

It used to be a small town. It is no longer a small town. ?=It is no longer the small town that it used to be.(作表语)
?

(8) 如有两个定语从句,其中一个已经用了which, 则另一个用that. ? Edison built a factory which produced things that had never been seen.

Who 特殊情况 ? (1)先行词是all, everyone, one, ones, anyone且做主语时用who。 Anyone who breaks the law should be punished. One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. Everybody who were willing to see the film signed their names here. ? (2)先行词是those时, 用who。 Those who want to see the film sign up here.

Practice
1.This is the best film _______I’ve seen. (that) 2.That is the last lesson (that) gave you. ______I 3.This is the very book ______I’m looking (that) for. 4.That is just the coat ______color is red. whose 5.I still remember the schools and boys (that) ______I met there.

(that) 6. Everything ______you said is true. 7. Which is the book _____you want? (that) 8. Who is the girl ______sits there? that 9. All _____he said is true. (that) 10. All _____is said by him is true. that 11. Are there any problems ____trouble that you?

2. As也可作关系代词,用于the same…as, so…as,
as…as和such…as等结构中,as不可省。

as 1) I’ve never heard such stories ______ he tells.
2) This is the same dictionary _____ I lost. as

as 3) Such boys ____you mentioned are well. as 4) She wore the same hat ____you wore yesterday.

3. 当先行词是 the way 时且在从句中做的是方式状 语,关系词应用 that, in which 或省略. I don’t like the way(in which/that) you speak to her. ____________ (in which/that) I don’t like the way____________ she works. 比较: The way _____ he thought of was not practical. C Which one is not right? A. that B. which C. in which D. 不填

?I

don’t like the way you talked to your mother.(choose the one that is not proper for this blank) ? A. that B. which ? C. in which D. /

Task 4 My dream school
What kind of school\teacher do you like? I like the school which..... I like the teacher who…. I like the……..that/whose……. You may start your speech with the following sentence: In my group, we all like the school which....

Xinghai----Our school, our home
Describe our school with attributive clauses. ? What kind of school is Xinghai? ? What teachers do you have in here? ? What classmates or schoolmates do you have in here? ? ……………….

assignment
? Write

a letter to our principal, Ms Chen or Mr Yan to express your thanks and if necessary, you are welcomed to offer your advice in terms of school development. Keep it in mind that you are supposed to use more attributive clauses. Here is the beginning of the sample:

Dear Mr…, ? I am a student (who is ) from Class_______, Grade______.My name is _____. Today, we talked about our ideal school. I’d like to tell you the result of our discussion. I hope our advice could help our school become better and better. ? Some of my classmates and I like the school that ________.And I like the teacher(s) who ______
?
? ?

Thanks for reading my letter. I hope we can make our school better together. ? Yours ? _______


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