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外研社高中英语必修三单元1各知识点


英语

外研版

Book 3
Module 1 Europe

知识排查与背诵
1.across /?′kr?s/ prep. 横过;穿过;从一边到 重 另一边;??宽;在??的对面 点 2.face /feI s/ vt. 面向;面对 单 3.range /reI nd?/ n.山脉;组;类;系

列;范围; 词 v.处在??范围内;排列;范围涉及 4.project /′pr?d?ekt/ n.计划;项目;工程

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5.ancient /′eI n? ?nt/ adj. 古代的 6.opposite /′?p?zI t/ prep. 在??对面 重 点 单 词 7.feature /′fi? t? ?/ n.特点;v.以??为特征 8.situated /′sI t? u? e I tI d/ adj. 坐落 (某处 )的;位 于(某处)的→situation n.状况;位置 9.symbol /′sI mbl/ n. 象征;符号→symbolic adj. 象征性的 10.located /l??′keI tI d/ adj. 位于→location n. 位置;所在地
知识排查与背诵
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11.sign /saI n/ vt. 签署→signature n. 签名 12.agreement /?′ɡri? m?nt/ n. 协议;契约 重 →agree v.同意→disagreement n. 不同意 点 13.govern /′ɡ?vn/ vt. 统治; 治理→government 单 n. 政府→governor n. 统治者 词 14.representative /? repr I ′zent?tI v/ n. 代表 →represent v. 代表→representation n. 代 表;表现

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1.ever since 自从??一直 重 2.in terms of 据??;依照?? 点 短 3.have control over 对??加以控制 语 4.little by little 一点点地;逐渐地 5.refer to 查阅;提到

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6.on the other hand 另一方面;反过来说 重 7.be faced with 面临 点 8.of all time 前所未有的;有史以来 短 9.off the coast 离海岸不远 语 10.have...in common with 和??有共同点 11.because of 因为;由于

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1.Between France and Spain is another mountain range—the Pyrenees. 经 典 在法国和西班牙之间是另外一座山脉——比 利牛斯山脉。

句 2.Paris is the capital and largest city of France, 型 situated on the River Seine. 巴黎是法国的首都和最大的城市,位于塞纳 河边。
知识排查与背诵
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3.Their work has influenced other writers ever since. 经 他们的作品自那以来一直影响其他的作家。 典 4.The expanded European Union has a population 句 型 of more than half a billion people, twice as big as the population of the United States. 扩大后的欧盟有五亿多人口,为美国人口的两 倍。
知识排查与背诵
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The Great Wall,which runs across North 语 境 记 忆 China like a huge dragon,is the symbol of the wisdom of the ancient Chinese.Today it is being destroyed,facing a dangerous situation. Fortunately,the government has taken measures to protect it.All the people are in agreement on this point.

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ee 构 记

*employee /? empl ?I ′i? / n.[C]受雇

者;雇员

I nt?vju? ′i ? / n.[C]被接见者; 词 *interviewee /?

被采访者;被面试者

忆 *trainee /treI ′ni? / n.[C]受训练人;学员; 实习生

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语境填词——常用单词自测
1.The survival of civilization depends on many

environmental factors.Schools will help

civilize

students and they will know what to do in a

civilized

society.(civilization)

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2. He studied architecture

at university and now he is

a famous architect ,who won prizes for his impressive architecture .(architect) 3. You must cross the bridge if you want to get to the

opposite produce
eat it.
知识排查与背诵

(对面的) bank of the river. is safe and consumers needn’t be afraid to

4. A government official says most of the country’s farm

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5. It is well known that Athens is the birthplace 地) of the ancient Olympics. 6. The

(发源

project ( 项目 )aims to provide an analysis of

children’s emotions. 7. He lives in a small house facing (面向) a park. 8. I saw the lighthouse located/situated (位于 ) at the mouth of the river.
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重点掌握的单词
1 face n.脸;面孔;面部表情?expression,look?;面,表 面;v.面对;面向;正对;面临
lose face 丢脸;失面子 in the face of 面对 ?问题、困难或危险等? face to face 面对面地 be faced with 面临、面对?难题?

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High school students are faced with a choice between arts and science. 中学生面临着文、理科的选择。 (2012· 安徽· 书面表达) She showed great courage in the face of danger. 面对危险她表现出了巨大的勇气。

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【夯实基础】 (1)选词填空 lose face,in the face of,face to face

①We need to find a way to end the conflict without either side ②He stood

losing face face to face

. with his opponent.

③He was unable to deny the charges in the face of new evidence. (2)

In order not to lose face

(为了不丢脸面),he

spent the whole night preparing for the speech of next day.
知识排查与背诵
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2 range n.批;组;范围;v.排列;涉及
beyond/out of one’s range/the range of sb. 超出某 人的范围 within/in the range of 在 ??范围之内 range from...to... 从 ??到??之间变化 range between...and... 在 ??到??之间变动

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A wide range of colors and patterns are available. 各种颜色和样式都有。 She has had a number of different jobs,ranging from chef to swimming instructor. 她做过许多不同的工作,从厨师到游泳教练。

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【图解助记】

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【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①Costs range from pounds. ②If the target was farther than fifty metres,then it was out 50 to several hundred

of range.

(2)At the news conference,the spokesman said, “Keeping the meat price under control is within

the range of the government’s responsibility
(在政府职责范围之内).”
知识排查与背诵
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3 situated adj.位于??的;坐落于??的
be situated at/on/in... 坐落于?? be located in/at/on... 位于 ?? in a...situation 处于??境况

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This modern three star hotel is situated close to the city centre. 这家现代化的三星级宾馆毗邻市中心。 The Business Library is situated on the ground floor. 商业图书馆位于一楼。

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【夯实基础】 (1)My bedroom was situated on (位于) the top floor of the house. (2)翻译句子 这幢房子位于大学附近。

The house is situated near the college.

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4 opposite adj. 相对的;相反的;adv. 在对面;prep. 在??对面;n. 反义词;相对物

be opposite to 在 ??对面;与??相反 just the opposite 恰恰相反 opposite 作 “ 反 义 词 , 相 对 物 ” 讲 时 常 用 the opposite+ of 结构。 oppose v.反对 be opposed to 反对
知识排查与背诵
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The bank is just opposite (to) the church. 这家银行就在教堂对面。 They were walking in the opposite direction. 他们在朝相反的方向走。

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【夯实基础】 (1)Many people hold the opposite view (持相反的观 点) about the matter. (2)There is a garden on the opposite side of the street (在街道的对面). (3)She is strongly opposed to (强烈反对) their plan.

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5 sign n.迹象,征兆;招牌,指示牌;标志;手势; 符号?mark?;v.签字;打手势;示意
sign to sb.?to do sth.?= make a sign to sb.?to do sth.??打 手势?让某人做某事? sign in/out 签到 /退 sign up 使签约受雇;报名参加 sign an agreement/treaty/contact/document/cheque 签 协议/条约 /合同/文件/支票 There is a/no sign of/that... 有 /无迹象表明??
知识排查与背诵
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They refused to sign.他们拒绝签字。 The policeman signed to the driver to stop. 那警察做手势让那司机停下来。 【夯实基础】 (1)If you drive from the airport,go on the motorway and follow the signs (沿着交通标志). (2)翻译句子 他打手势让我离开房间。

He made a sign to me to leave the room.
知识排查与背诵
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6 agreement n. 同意;一致;协议

arrive at/come to/reach an agreement达成 协议,取得一致意见 by agreement 同意;依约 in agreement with与??一致 make an agreement with...about...就?? 与??达成协议

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The two men have not reached an agreement on any issues. 两人还未就任何议题达成协议。 The judge kept nodding in agreement. 法官不停地点头表示同意。

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【夯实基础】 语法填空 (1)The two things are

in agreement.

(2)They have made an agreement about the plan. (3)They decide things by agreement among themselves.

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重点短语突破
选词填空——常用短语自测
refer to,in common,have control over,on the other hand,in terms of 1. In terms of customer satisfaction,the policy

cannot be criticized. 2.Britain,in common with many other industrialized countries,has experienced major changes over the last 100 years.
知识排查与背诵
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3.I would like a job which pays more,but on the

other hand
moment.

I enjoy the work I’m doing at the

4.We agreed never to 5.He

refer to

the matter again in

case that made him sad.

had

no control over his emotions in that

situation.

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重点掌握的短语
1 because of 由于;因为
due to 由于 ?作表语、状语? owing to 由于 ?作表语或状语? as a result of 因为;由于?作状语? thanks to 多亏;由于?作状语? on account of 因为 ?作状语?

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Because

of

the

human

beings’

destructive

influence,the number of this precious species has promptly dropped to less than 100. 由于人类破坏性的影响,这个珍稀物种的数量已经下 降到不足100只。 【特别提醒】 due to一般不放在句首,如果放在句首,要用because of或owing to代替。
知识排查与背诵
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(2013· 重庆· 写作)

【夯实基础】 用because 和because of 填空 (1)Our flight was delayed because the weather was bad. (2)He was angry

because of

what he said.

(3)—Life is still hard for a great many farmers in China’s west. — Because of that the government is taking new measures to help them out.
知识排查与背诵
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2 in terms of 就??来说;从??角度

in the long/short term 从长远 /短期来看 in one’s terms 在某人看来;根据某人的观点 be on good/bad terms with 与 ??关系好/坏 come to terms with 达成协议;和好;接受 on equal terms 在平等的条件下

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Sometimes the whole is best understood in terms of the whole. 有些时候,按照整体来理解整体是最好的方法。 In terms of living standards China has a long way to go. 就生活水平而言,中国还有很长的路要走。

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【夯实基础】 (1)We are on good terms with (和??关系很好) all our neighbors. (2)This plan is of great benefit (从长远来看). (3) In terms of health less is quite necessary. (从健康的角度来看),eating

in the long term

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3 on the other hand 另一方面;反过来说

on ?the? one hand...on the other ?hand?...一方面??, 另一方面???引出不同的,尤指对立的观点、思想等 ? for one thing..., for another... 一则 ??;二则??

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On the one hand,we are supposed to appeal to the public to deepen the understanding,but on the other hand,we ourselves should do it immediately. 一方面我们应该呼吁公众提高认识,另一方面我们应该立 即行动。 【特别提醒】 on (the) one hand...on the other (hand)...常表达相矛盾的两 方面;for one thing...,for another...陈述的两方面情况常 一致。
知识排查与背诵
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【夯实基础】 翻译句子 一方面,计算机提高了人们的工作效率,另一方面, 也引起了新问题。

On the one hand,computers improve the working efficiency;on the other hand,they also bring about some new problems.

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句法与语法突破
完成句子——常用句式自测
1.On the wall is a blackboard on which were written

some words (上面写着一些字),“Forget yourself in
class.” 2.I was working until/till three o’clock trying to get it finished. (工作到三点)

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3.Nearly 70% of fund government.

was supplied

(提供) by the

4. In the middle of the hall stands (大厅中央竖立着) a Christmas tree. 5.This big stone is three times as heavy as that one (比那 块重三倍).

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重点突破的句式
1 Between France and Spain is another mountain range—the Pyrenees. 在法国和西班牙之间是 另外一座山脉——比利牛斯山脉。
句型公式:介词短语位于句首引起倒装

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表示地点、方向、时间等的介词短语放在句首时, 若句子的主语是名词而不是人称代词时,往往用全 部倒装结构。 表示方向、地点和时间的副词in,out,down,up, off,back,away,over there,there,now,then, here,first等放在句首,若主语是名词而不是代词 时,也用全部倒装结构。

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Then came the time when I had to say goodbye to my family. 接着我向家人说再见的时刻到了。 【夯实基础】 (1)On the desk lie piles of books 桌子上有几堆书。 (2)In front of the house . .

sat a small boy

房子前面坐着一个小男孩。
知识排查与背诵
重点单词突破 重点短语突破 句法与语法突破 语法填空突破

重点突破的句式
2 Neither Amy nor Helen is English.Amy和Helen 都不是英国人。

句型公式:neither...nor...

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neither...nor...既不??也不??,连接句中两个 相同成分,连接主语时,谓语动词的单复数遵循 就近一致原则。谓语动词的单复数采取就近原则 的还有:either...or...,not not...but...,or等。 She neither sang nor danced at the party. 在聚会上她既没有唱歌也没有跳舞。 Tom or you are to blame for the fault. 要么汤姆要么你应为这个过失负责。
知识排查与背诵
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only...but

also...,

【夯实基础】 用所给动词的适当形式填空 (1)Not only the nurses but also the doctor is (be) very kind to the patients. (2)Either you or one of your students attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. (3)Neither he nor I am (be) fond of this magazine.
知识排查与背诵
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is (be) to

单元语法
用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)A piano concert Saturday.(give) (2)Quantities of precious jewelry were found buried deep in the earth.(find)

was given

in Jinan last

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(3)A poet and artist

is coming to speak to us about

Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. (come) (4)Students taking the course are encouraged to finish their homework with the help of computers.(encourage) (5)A book recording former Chinese President Jiang Zemin’s overseas visits from 1990 to 2002

was

released
(release)
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at Beijing Diaoyutai State Guesthouse.

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Ⅰ. 教材活用——根据课文内容完成下面的短文 Paris,1. one of the most beautiful cities , is the the Eiffel capital of France.It’s well known 2. for

Tower.The Louvre,one of the world’s 3. largest (large) art galleries , is also in Paris.Besides , the restaurants,café s and theatres in Paris are 4. popular (popularly).
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Barcelona is 5. the second largest city of Spain. The church of the Sagrada Familia is one of its most famous landmarks. Florence is in Italy.It’s 6. known (know) for the Renaissance, during 7. which some great paintings and sculptures were produced. Florence’s art galleries , churches and museums attract plenty 8. of gallery in the city.
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tourists

every year. The Uffizi Palace is the most famous art

Athens,the capital of Greece,is the birthplace of western civilisation.The Parthenon on the Acropolis Hill 9.

was built

(build) there.The work of

Greece’s greatest writers has a good 10. (effective) on other writers.

effect

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Ⅱ.课外拓展——阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的 内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 Man:Do you like the apartment we just 1. saw (see)? Woman:Sure.The 2. biggest (big) advantage of it is that it is near the university.I needn’t get up too early to get to class,but... Man:You worry about 3. the rent,right?

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Woman: Well, I 4. really (real) can’t pay more than 1,500 yuan a month.It’s too expensive for me. Man: Why not have a roommate?You could share an apartment with a college student,or maybe a young worker.5. In that way,you can share the rent together.That is 1,200 yuan a month each. Woman: 6. Sounds (sound) good, but I need to study Chinese in a quiet place.
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Man:If I were you,I would choose the room 7.connected (connect) with the balcony. Woman:Good idea. If I shut the door,no noise will enter. Man: Exactly. And your roommate can have the other rooms if she 8. likes (like). Woman:OK. Let’s call the landlord to take 9. it . Man:Do you still remember his number? Woman:10. Of
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course. 2347566.
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