（20%） 1. The United States is bordered on the north by __Canada __, on the south by __Mexico__ and ___Gulf of Mexico__, on the east by ___the Atlantic Ocean__, and on the west
by __ the Pacific Ocean__. 2. The engagement ring is placed on the __third__ finger of the girl’s __left__ hand, which is simply a public declaration of __engagement__ and a means of ___discouraging___ attentions of other young men.. 3. Theoretically the ultimate responsibility for statutory system of public education in England and Wales lies with the __British Parliament. 4. The first blacks arrived in Jamestown in 1619 as ___indentured servants__ but soon after 1619 they were brought to colonies as __slaves___. The blacks were formally freed in __1863, but continued to suffer the institutionalized segregation for a century. Today many blacks still live in the ___south_, some have entered the middle class, but one-third of all black families still live below the ___poverty line__. 5. The secondary education was originally a ___three-part __ system in England and Wales, with grammar school taking the __academic pupils, technical schools taking those with a bent for __practical __skills, and the ___Secondary modern__ schools taking the rest. In the recent years ___comprehensive ___ schools have the three ranges of pupils into one school. 6. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia in __1787__. __55__ delegates from all states except __Rhode Island__ attended the opening session. The President of the convention was __George Washington__, __James Madison__ was called the Father of the Constitution.
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. 1
7. The British parliament is the supreme ___legislature___ of the country. It consists of three elements: the __Monarch__, the House of __lords__ and the House of __Commons__. The official head of the Parliament is the __Queen__. 8. The Reconstruction Acts divided all the former ___confederate ___ states, except __Tennessee __ into five __military__ districts and each was put under the control of a Northern army officer. The officer had the power to keep ___ order__ and to enforce __martial__ Law if necessary. 9. The Corn laws were originally planned to __protect__ English home –grown corn from competition from __imported__ foreign corn, their existence made for __higher__ food prices, and assumed the superior importance of __agricultural __ interests over urban __industrial __ interests. 10. ___Lend-Lease__ Act enabled any country whose __ defend __ the President considered vital to that of the US to receive __arms__ and other __equipment__ and supplies by sale, transfer, exchange, or lease. F. D. Roosevelt explained the Act would make the US the ___arsenal__ of world democracy. 11. The first Prime Minister in English history was __Sir Robert Walpole__. 12. The Tudor Monarch, being in the transitional stage from __1485__ to ___1603___, witnessed many important political, economic and social changes. It reformed __Church__ in England and tolerated __enclosure__. 13. The United States is bordered on the north by and on the east by ,and on the west by on the south by
14. According to the text, the large territory of the continental US is divided into three basic areas: A. B．
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C． 15. The Middle Atlantic States are the where the land is 16. The United States is one resident reached the and ___. most populous nation in the world, Her million mark in 1990. Karl populated region in the US,
17. The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, Marx once called it .
18. Under the Articles of Confederation the national government consisted of only a________ and , it had no separate divisions, The state government was left the exclusive powers to their citizens. __, ________
regulate commerce and
19. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia in delegates from all states except .
Attended the opening session. The president of the convention was 20. The US expansion to the west may be treated in three stages: a. b. c. 21. In 1862,the federal . States, except government took revolutionary measures (1)
and (2) 22.
The Reconstruction Acts divided all the former into five
districts and each was put under the
control of a Northern army officer The officer had the power to keep and to enforce Law if necessary
23. The major triumph for Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference was the formation of the . Conference;
24. Three major treaties were concluded at the
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.
(1) The Four-Power Treaty, respecting the (2) The Treaty, on naval arms
in the Pacific;
(3) The Nine-Power Treaty, guaranteeing the independence and integrity of _______ in appearance, but actually a public international affirmation of the policy.
25. Separation of powers in the United States means not only allocating power to Congress, to the Supreme Court but also a sufficient role in the Power to President and power
that ensure each of the three branches of the others.
26. According to the Constitution, members of the House of Representatives must be__ years old and must have been citizens for and must have been citizens for ______ years. Senators years.
must be at least 27. The
is officially the presiding officer and is called the________ of
the Senate. In fact he seldom appears in the Senate chamber in this role unless it appears that there might be casts the the . Vote in the Senate. In such instances, he
vote. To deal with day-to-day business, the Senate chooses
28. A senator who wants to delay action on a bill or kill it altogether may use a tactic called a 29. By law any It can be cut off only through American citizen of and over Years of age and Years can run for the
of being a resident within the United States for
President. The dully elected and duly qualified president-elect takes office on the______ of January following his election. 2） ，3） with the consent
30. There are three federal court levels；1） All the judges of the federal course are appointed by of the levels ;1） are usually ， 2）
.The state court system also has a hierarchy of three ， 3） .The state court judges
. The term of the county court judges is usually
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years and the judges in higher state courts usually serve Years for one term.
31. Before 1971 the only state that gave 18-year-olds the right to vote was ; all other states set the age at In 1971 the
Amendment to the Constitution lowered the voting age to 32. The candidate with the most votes in a state wins all of that state’s votes. This is known as the “ ”Principle The candidate who wins the
of the 538 Electoral College votes will be the US President in the next four years. 33. American universities offer three main categories of graduate degrees; 1) 2) 3) . In most fields of specialization, a degree can be
earned by one or two academic years of study beyond the bachelor’s degree. A Ph. D. degree usually takes at least. 34. The American family is usually a children under their Years beyond the degree.
family, consisting of parents and their
. Middle-aged and elderly people generally do not live with Children. The married adults usually consider their father and household units.“ family”.
mother, sister, of brother as
35. The British Isles are situated in the ___northwest___ of Europe. They are cut off from the continent by the ___English Channel___. On the north and the east the Isles face the ___North sea___ and on the west they face the ___Atlantic Ocean___. The full title of the United Kingdom is ___the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland____. 36. Henry I became king of England in several administrative and peace 1100 judicial . During his reign, he introduced reforms. He was well liked by
his people because he kept
in the country, but he must bear part of the
___blame_____for the terrible years followed his death. 37. The Tudor Monarchy, being in the transitional stage from _feudalism___ to capitalism , witnessed many important political, economic and social
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. 5
changes, It reformed
in England and tolerated
. It was
during the Tudor Monarchy that spread into England . 38. The Habeas Corpus
America was discovered and the__Renaissance_
Act has been called one of the four pillars of the Magna Carta , the Petition of Right
British Constitution. The other three include of 1628 , and the Bill of Rights
of 1689. Labour representative 1924 the labour
39. The former name of the Labour Party was the Committee, which was founded in Party became strong enough to control a 1899 majority . In
in the House of Commons
and thus formed the first Labour government under the Prime Minister MacDonald . American
40. In 1946 Britain attached herself permanently to the Alliance. In 1957
Harold Macmillan became Prime Minister, He continued the US . Most important, he presided to the British Commonwealth of
policy to maintain close relation with the over the transformation of the British Nations .
41. The Bill of Rights, passed by parliament in step towards constitutional monarchy.
, was the fist legal
42. The full title of the Present Queen Elizabeth II is 43. Theoretically, the Queen is the official System of Britain, the head of the head head
. of state, the head of the all armed forces and the
commander-in-chief of England. legislature
44. The British Parliament is the supreme
of the country. It Commons , and Queen .
consists of three elements; __the monarch_____,the house of the House of Lords
. The official head of the Parliament is the Prime Minister .
45. The presiding officer of the Lower House is called the equivalent of the Upper House is the Lord Chancellor
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.
46. The United Kingdom has a parties are the conservative
two and the
-party system. The present two major labour 1900 parties. by a union between the trade Party and the
47. The labour Party was founded in unions and socialist groups, including the
Independent Labour 1906 . LEA
Society. It first took the name Labour Party in
48. The eleven-plus examination is now abandoned in Pupils can directly go to education. 49. The engagement ring is placed on the girl’s a public declaration of attentions other young men. 50. The typical character of the English is their attitude to accept the is strange or foreign . familiar conservative engagement left Secondary
schools after finishing their_Primary_
hand, which is simply discouraging
and a means of
, which is reflected in
thing and to be suspicious of anything that
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.
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