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英语时态和语态


英语总复习
英文书面表达中 时态的正确运用

一般

进行

完成

完成进行

现 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 在

现在完成 进行时

过 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 去 将 一般将来时 将来进行时 来

/>
一般

进行

完成

完成进行

现 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 在 do / does has/ have is/ am/ are doing done is/ am /are 过 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 去 did / was / was / were had done doing were

现在完成 进行时 has/ have been doing

将 一般将来时 将来进行时 来 be going to do will be doing
/ will do

过去将来时:常用于宾语从句和间接引语中
would come (come). I didn't know if he ____________
would not go She told us that if it rained, she ______________ (go) with us.

1. sometimes, often, usually, always, once a week

一般现在时
2. now, Look, … Listen, …

现在进行时 一般过去时
4. tomorrow, next week, next year, in two days 一般将来时
5. at eight yesterday morning ,at that moment

3. yesterday , last night , ago , just now , in 1961

过去进行时 6. already , yet, ever ,never, since, ever since, so far, in the past five years, over the past ten years 现在完成时

运用时态时需要注意的问题: 时态运用,前呼后应。
一般是要求主从句前后呼应,原则是:主句是过去时, 从句用 过去的相应时态; 主句是现在时,从句 可根据句意确定时态。

would go He said he _________(go)to Beijing the next day.

watching Tom told me hewas __________(watch) TV at that time

I don’t know why John __________ didn’t come(not come) for the dinner yesterday evening. is going to rain The radio reports that it ______________(rain)
this afternoon.

1.注意as soon as,when, if等引导的状语从句,若主句是 将来时(也可为祈使句),从句一般用 现在时 。如:

get get) to Beijing. I'll write to you as soon as I______(

is He will pay for the dinner if he ________(be) here.
2.when,while引导的时间状语从句,从句为过去时,主 句常用过去进行时。如: was cooking (cook). When I arrived home,my mother __________

3.若宾语从句表示的是客观真理或相对不变的事实,其 时态 不受主句时态的限制。 主句过去定时态,客观真理要除外。 如: goes go) around the sun. The teacher told me the earth_____( is He told me last week that he ______(be) eighteen.

Exercise 1. 用括号内动词的适当形式填空: will be 1.-There _________(be) an English party next week.
3.We’ll stay at home if it________(rain) tomorrow. rains 4.The United States _____(be) a developed country. is 5.Lucy went out an hour ago. She______(be) back will be in half an hour. 6. He _______(grow) vegetables in his garden and grew sold them. 7.Jack _______(begin) to write a book about his began journey two weeks ago.

are sleeping (sleep). 2.Don’t make any noise. Grandparents__________

Exercise 2. 用括号内动词的适当形式完成短文: All of Miss Li’s students think she______(be) a good is teacher. She________(come) to this school since 1995. She has come helps is always nice to her students. She often ______(help)
them with their school work. So her students regard love _________(regard) her as their best friend. They _______ (love) her very much and they often do something nice for her. One day before Teachers’ Day, some of her students bought _______(buy) her some presents. When they _______(give) gave said her the presents, they _______(say),” Thank you for teaching us so well and we___________ will study (study) harder than before.” How nice her students are!

你 记





吗?

故事性的文章或记事的文章,如看图说话, 一般应使用 过去时态 且前后 一致。 提示性写人的文章时态会复杂些,可能会 用到一般 现在时,一般过去 时,现在 完成时, 一般 将来时等多种时态。 在时态的运用中要特别注意动词的形式, 尤其是不规则动词的过去式和过去分词 。需要 同学们多花时间和精力去记。另外,还要特别 注意主句和从句的 时态前后呼应 问题。

昨天我和朋友在公园里玩,突然我们发现一只

鸟躺在地上。我们把它捡起,发现它的翅膀受伤
了,它飞不了了。于是我们赶紧把它带到动物医

院。医生说不严重。他给了我们一些药,然后我
们把小鸟带回了家并精心照顾它。它一好起来

(get better)我就会让它重返蓝天.

Yesterday my friend and I were playing in the

park. Suddenly we found a bird lying on the
ground. We picked it up and found its wings were

injured. It couldn’t fly. So we took it to the
animal hospital in a hurry. The doctor said there

was nothing serious. He gave us some medicine.
Then I took it home and looked after it carefully. As soon as it gets better I will let it fly to the sky again.

完成时的两个句型: 1. 用在It is the first/second/third time that ...句型 中,that从句的谓语要用完成时。 2. hardly … when no sooner … than (一…就…) Hardly had she gone to bed when the bell rang. hardly + 过去完成时 + when +过去时

现在完成时和过去完成时。 has earned (earn)$20 million in the He __________ past five years. earned He said he had ________ (earn) $20 million in the past five years. had earned (earn)$20 million by the end He __________ of last year. had met It was the first time that they _________ (meet)in 20 years.

选择合适的时态翻译句子: 1. John经常熬夜。(stay up/ sit up) 2. 如果明天下雨,我们就不去那。 3. 我在乡下时,经常去拜访那里的老朋友。 (call on sb.) 4. 没有水鱼会死。 5. 昨晚六点她正在看电视。 6. 昨天一整天他都在准备他的演讲。(过去某一 时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作) 7. 整个早上他一直在准备他的演讲。(从过去某 个时刻开始一直持续到现在)

1. John经常熬夜。(stay up late/ sit up late) John always sits up late. 2. 如果明天下雨,我们就不去那。 If it rains tomorrow, we won’t go there. 3. 我在乡下时,经常去拜访那里的老朋友。 (call on sb.) When I was in the countryside, I often called on my old friends there. 4. 没有水鱼会死。 Fish will die without water.

5. 昨晚六点她正在看电视。 She was watching TV at six yesterday evening. 6. 昨天一整天他都在准备他的演讲。(过去某 一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作) He was preparing his lecture all day yesterday. 7. 整个早上他一直在准备他的演讲。(从过去 某个时刻开始一直持续到现在) He has been preparing his lecture all the morning.

被 动 语 态

一般

进行

完成

完成进行

现 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 在 be done has / have be being been done done 过 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 去 was / were was / were had been being done done done

现在完成 进行时 无

将 一般将来时 将来进行时 来 will be done will be being done

被动语态用法
1. 不知道谁是动作的执行者,或没有必要指出谁是动作 的执行者。 这件上衣是棉料的。 This jacket is made of cotton. 这项工程将会在七月竣工。 The project will be completed in July. 2.为了强调或突出动作的承受者或事件本身。 参观者不可触摸展品。 Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits. Visitors are not allowed to touch the exhibits. 3. get+过去分词表示被动。 那位病人一周治疗一次。 The patient gets treated once a week.
高考真题精选 热点考向聚焦 常考易错警示 实战过关演练

主动形式表示被动意义 (不强调动作)
1.系动词(look, feel, taste, sound, smell, prove(证明), seem, appear等)+形容词。 The dish tastes good.这菜味道不错。 The cloth feels soft.

His plan proved practical.
2.表示主语的特点或特征的动词。

Books of this kind sell well.这本书很畅销。
The pen writes smoothly.这支钢笔写起来很流畅。

高考真题精选

热点考向聚焦

常考易错警示

实战过关演练

3.介词in, on, under等+名词表示被动意义。常见的有:

under control受控制
under treatment在治疗中

under repair在修理中
under discussion在讨论中

in print在印刷中
on show展出

The building is under construction.大楼正在建设中。

高考真题精选

热点考向聚焦

常考易错警示

实战过关演练

We have an old musical instrument. It __________ is called (call) a clavichord. It was ________ made (make)in Germany in is kept (keep)in the 1681. Our clavichord ________ has belonged livingroom. It ______________ (belong) to our was bought family for a long time. The instrument _________ (buy) by my grandfather many years ago. Recently it ___________ was damaged(damage) by a visitor. She tried to play struck (strike) the keys too hard jazz on it! She ________ were broken and two of the strings __________ (break). My was shocked (shock). Now we father ___________ _______________ are not allowed (not allow) to touch it. It is being repaired (repair) by a friend of my father's. _______________

高考真题精选

热点考向聚焦

常考易错警示

实战过关演练

被动语态——作文高分技巧 1. 为了扩大词汇量我们应该多读原汁原味的材料

To enlarge vocabulary, we should read more native materials.
--- To enlarge vocabulary, more native materials should be read. 2. 大多数人都认为我们应该多读原版材料来扩大词汇量。

Most people believe that we should read more native materials to enlarge vocabulary.
--- It is widely believed that we should read more …
策划:《学生双语报》 People suggest that… -- It is suggested that… 23

3. 我不确定是否所有的大学毕业生毕业后都能找到工作。 I am not sure whether all college graduates can find jobs after graduation. I am not sure whether all college graduates can get employed after graduation. 4. 你对平凡工作的看法。(高考) 平凡工作应该得到尊敬、欣赏和更高的报酬。 Ordinary jobs should be respected, appreciated and better paid.

平时写作文多练习来培养对被动语态的敏感度。但注意不 要过度使用被动语态,在作文中被动语态只能是“小菜”, 而“大餐”仍然是主动语态。
策划:《学生双语报》 24


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