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【外研版选修8】2014高考英语一轮复习配套课件:Module 4 Which English?


Module 4

Which English

(2012· 安徽卷)假设美国某中学的学生明天来你校访 问交流,主题是高中生对文、理科的选择。请你用英语写 一篇发言稿,向他们介绍你所做的选择,并说明选择的理

由。
注意:1.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数; 2.词数120左右;

3

.短文中不能出现与本人相关的信息。
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参考词汇:

文科arts;理科science
Good afternoon, everyone, Welcome to our school! __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________
Thanks!

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【满分作文】 Good afternoon, everyone,

Welcome to our school!①High school
students are faced with a choice between arts and science.It was not an easy choice for me to make.After careful consideration, though, I decided on science as my main subject of study.The reasons are as follows. ②First, science graduates are in greater demand than arts ones in China.Second, the

science major can help me achieve my childhood dream of
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becoming a scientist.Third, my parents wish me to
study science at college because they believe I will have a brighter future as a science student.Last but not least,③ my physics teacher is my role model, whose influence on me had a lot to do with my

decision.
It is for these reasons that I finally made my choice. Thanks!

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【高级词汇】 be faced with遇到;面临 consideration考虑 as follows象下述的那样 achieve one?s dream成就梦想 【佳句变换】

①High school students encounter a choice between arts
and science. ②First of all, science graduates are worse needed than

arts ones in China.
③As my role model, my physics teacher's influence contributed much to the decision.
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A 考纲词汇——思忆
instantly 1._________ adv.立即,马上 matter 2. _______ v.重要,要紧;有关系 count 3. ______ v.很重要;很有价值 furthermore 4. ___________adv.此外,而且 relevant 5.________ adj.有关的;切题的 select 6.______v.挑选,选择 withdraw 7.__________v.收回,撤销(说过的话) 8._________adj.潜在的,可能的 potential overcome 9._________v.征服;战胜
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oppose 10._______ v.反对 superior 11.________adj.更好的;更强的 initially 12.________adv.起初 debate debate 13._______n.讨论;辩论→_______ v.讨论;辩论 acquire obtain 14.________ v.得到,获得→_______ (同义词)得到; 获得 meaning meaningful 15.________n.意义;含义→____________ adj.重大 的,重要的 reject rejection refuse 16.______v.拒绝接受→_________n.拒绝→______ (同 义词) resist resistance 17.______v.反抗;抵抗→__________ n.反抗;抵抗 approval approve 18.__________n.赞许;赞成→_________vi.赞成;支持
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——字词入章,相得益彰

His plan was initially rejected by his
superiors.But he finally overcame countless difficulties and solved many relevant problems.He convinced them that it was of great significance.Now,they have approved of his plan.

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B 重要短语——识记
apart 1.tell... ______区分开 with 2.agree_____同意,达成一致 long 3.as _____ as 只要 in 4.lie___ 在于 in 5.___ conclusion 总之 a 6.___huge number of 大量的 _________to sth 开始做某事 get down

down 8.let sb ______ 使某人失望

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C 经典句式——再现
whether 1.In this sense everybody's use of language _________ or English,Chinese,____ any other is different.(whether...or...不论……还是……。)

从这种意义上来说,每个人对语言的使用——不管是英
语、汉语还是任何其他语言——都是不同的。 It's that 2._____communication_____counts.(it's+强调部分+that 为强调句式。) 重要的是交流本身。 Not all 3._______idioms have been common for many years.(not all 部分否定,表示“并非所有的……都”。) 并不是所有的习语许多年一直在普遍使用。
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A 核心单词——巧布点,基石奠 convinced adj.确信的;有坚定信仰的
The author convinces people to seek comforting world
views. (2011· 重庆卷,阅读E) 作者说服人们去追求安逸的世界观。

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(1)be convinced of.../that 从句 相信 ?convince vt.使确信,使信服 ? ?sb ___ sth of ? ? (2)?convince? 使某人相信 ?sb that从句 ? ? ? convince sb ____________说服某人干某事 to do sth ? 有说服力的 (3)convincing adj.____________

convince Joe to come with us ①I've been trying to __________________________. 我一直在设法说服琼跟我们一起来。 convincing ②What he said was not ___________. 他说的话没有说服力。

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debate n. & v.讨论;辩论
There has long been debated in the scientific community that the two might be separate species...(2011· 湖南卷,阅读 C) 在科学界很久以来都在争论这两种可能是不同的种类…… under (1)_______ debate 正在讨论中 激烈的/热烈的讨论 a fierce/heated debate __________________ hold a debate 进行讨论

a debate about/ over/on 一场有关……的辩论
(2)debate on/about... 就……辩论 with about debate ______ sb _______ sth 和某人就某事辩论
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①Whether he deserves what has happened to him is still
under debate _____________. 他是否罪有应得仍在讨论之中。 debated with Mary about ②I _______________________the matter. 我和玛丽讨论过这个问题。

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oppose v.反对;与……对抗
(1)oppose doing sth 反对做某事
(2)opposed adj. 对立的,相反的 be opposed to 反对;对抗(to是介词) as opposed to 相对之下;与……对照下 permitting ①I oppose__________him to go alone. 我反对让他一个人走。 ②Students talk about the pop stars' private life opposed to _________

their public life after class.
学生们课后谈论明星们的私生活而非他们的社会生活。
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辨析
多用作及物动词,后面直接加宾语或用

oppose
object

be opposed to 多用于不及物动词,后面加to再加宾语

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巧学助记

oppose ①He doesn't _______ the plan at all. objects ②She_______to being scolded in public.

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集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空

matter;count;debate;acquire;convey;
overcome;complain;convinced;resist 1.It ________ a great deal to her what other people think

of her.
2.These materials can ________ heat very well. 3.He was firmly ________ of the possibility of life on other planets. 4.Please ________my good wishes to your mother.

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5.There will be no difficulty in the world that they cannot

________.
6.During this period, she has ________a good knowledge of English. 7.I________ to the hotel manager that the room was too damp.

8.There has been widespread public ________over the
introduction of genetically modified food. 答案 1.matters 2.resist 3.convinced 7.complained 4.convey 8.debate 5.overcome 6.acquired

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Ⅱ.单项填空
1.Recently our class held a fierce ________as to whether to raise the price of school meals or not.

A.bargain
C.quarrel

B.debate
D.contest

2.Whatever the homemade gift looks like,remember it's the thought that ________. A.functions B.works

C.stresses

D.matters

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3.Members of the council ________the building of the
luxury houses in the centre of the city. A.imposed C.composed B.posed D.opposed

4.Scientists are convinced ________the positive effect of

laughter ________physical and mental health.
A.of;at C.of;on B.by;in D.on;at

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5.She was on a diet,but she couldn't ________eating sweet food.Consequently,her weight was gained again. A.remove B.resist

C.reject
答案 1.B 2.D

D.object
3.D 4.C 5.B

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B 核心短语——点入线,基础建
tell apart把……区分开来

apart tell A and B ______ ? ? from tell A ______B ?把 A 和 B 区 tell the differences between A and B ? ?

分开来
? tell that... ? ?辨别,识别 tell whclause? ?

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tell ①It is also quite easy to _____ British and American apart English _____.也很容易区分开英式英语和美式英语。 To tell the truth ②_______________,I don't think you're right.
说实话,我认为你不对。

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let sb down使某人失望
down let sth ______放下某物,放低某物 松手放开 let go of_________ let in放进,让……进入

let loose释放,放出,发出,吐出
out let ____发出,泄露 let alone_________ 更不用说 let in ①The roof of the old house ______much rain. 那座老房子的屋顶漏雨很厉害。 letting ②Close the door,for you're _______ all the heat _____. out

关上门,你把暖气都放光了。
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集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空 get down to;be convinced;lie in;furthermore;be
relevant to;tell... apart;in conclusion 1.I ________that we were doing the right thing. 2.________,I'd like to thank you for all you've done for

me.
3.The house is too small,and ________,it's too far from the office. 4.The point ________the discussion.

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5.He ________his work after the holiday. 6.The two sisters are so alike that I can hardly ________them ________. 7.The root of all these mistakes ________prejudice. 答案 1.was convinced 2.In conclusion 3.furthermore

4.is relevant to

5.got down to

6.tell;apart 7.lay in

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Since the summary has been made,we shall ________the details. A.look up to C.come up with (2013· 杭州质检) B.get down to D.end up with

2.As the College Entrance Examination is coming,the cure for stress ________learning to relax.

A.takes on
C.leads to

B.turns in
D.lies in

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3.The two paintings look so much alike that I can't ______the authentic painting and the modern copy ________. A.tell;from C.tell;apart relied on. B.tell;of D.tell;off

4.I'm badly ________,for there is no one that can be

A.let down
C.let out

B.let on
D.let off

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5.I don't quite share with you some views on the matter________—these are too strange. A.to be honest B.believe it or not

C.in other words
答案 1.B 2.D 3.C 4.A

D.what's more
5.A

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C 核心句型——线入面,灵犀现
You could say that there are as many varieties of English,or any other language for that matter,as there are speakers of it.可以这样说,对英语或者任 何别的语言而言,有多少使用者,该语言就有多少 种变体。
本句中含有“as many/much+n.+as”结构,该结构表示“
与……一样多”。 (1)as...as和……一样,前一个as是副词,后一个as是连词, 引导一个比较状语从句,在否定句中,前一个as也可以用 so代替。
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(2)as many/much as+数词+名词 多达……;和……一样多

(3)英语中“倍数”表示法:
A+be+数词+times +as+adj.原级+as B A+be+数词+times +the + size/weight/length/height/width...+of B A+be +数词+times +adj.比较级+than B ①She doesn't run ___________she used to. as/so fast as 她不像以前跑的那么快了。

4 times as large as ②Asia is _________________Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的4倍大。
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集训中心
Ⅰ.完成句子
1.只要活着,就应学习。 As long as __________one lives, he should study. 2.John如果足球踢得不如Tom好的话,也至少一样好。 John plays football, if not better than, at least as well as ________

Tom.
3.看到我她几乎哭了。 She __________cried at the sight of me. as good as

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.I like getting up very early in summer.The morning air

is so good ________.
A.to be breathed C.breathing B.to breathe D.being breathed

2.Jean married well and had a lot of jewelry for her friend to ________. A.elect C.choose B.select D.choose from

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3.—Was it midnight ________you arrived home by taxi? —I'm afraid so.

A.that
C.the time

B.at which
D.When (2013· 保定质检)

4.—Did ________get through the test? —No,________.A few failed. C.anybody;not all A.everybody;not all B.everybody;none D.anybody;no one

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5.—We are in need of great help. —________ask them to do you a favor? A.How about C.Why not B.Why don't D.Why didn't

答案

1.B

2.D

3.D

4.A

5.C

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单元语法要点附加练
复习状语及状语从句

1.Do you wake up every morning________energetic and
ready to start a new day? A.feel B.to feel C.feeling (2013· 泰安质检) D.felt

2.________time and labor, cartoonists generally draw the hands of their characters with only 3 fingers and a

thumb.
A.Save C.Saving D.To save

(2013· 杭州模拟)
B.Having saved

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3.Our school looks more beautiful with many red lanterns________high over the square.

(2013· 大同市一模)
A.to be raised C.being raised home. A.There was C.There to be 答案 1.C 2.D 3.B 4.B B.raised D.being risen (2013· 南宁模拟) B.There being D.Because there being

4.________no further business to discuss, we all went

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