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北京市西城英语2014-2015高一下期末英语试卷


北京市西城区 2014 - 2015 学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题
试卷满分:140 分 考试时间:120 分钟 A 卷 满分 90 分 Ⅱ. 单项填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 11. The Yellow River is _________ the Pearl River.

A. twice long as C. as twice longer as 12. -Have you got ready for your speech? -No. I _________ about the topic, but I haven't decided. A. will think C. had thought B. have been thinking D. thought B. twice as long as D. as long twice as

13. He returned to his home town _________ he was born and grew up. A. where B. when C. which D. whose

14. Although he _________ that the plan was not perfect, he still decided to put it into practice. A. appreciated B. admitted C. recognized D. evaluated

15. Many people were invited to his birthday party, most of _________ are his friends and relatives. A. that B. which C. whom D. what

16. Yao Ming is known _________ his wonderful basketball skills and noble personality. A. as B. to C. of D. for

17. His favorite team won the match, _________ made him cheerful. A. that B. it C. which D. as

18. She promised to take part in the race but at the last minute she_________. A. backed out B. broke out C. ran out D. pulled out

19. So far, we _________ the construction of the new subway line. A. have finished B. finished C. had finished D. are finishing

20. They were _________ at first, but managed to get out of the burning building. A. amazed B. excited C. confused D. terrified

Ⅲ. 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳答案。
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Imagine that Mom and Dad have friends over, and you have to talk to adults all evening. Say the wrong thing and the parents may get mad. But, say friendly. So, It's 22 can you talk with adults? 21 , and they'll think you weren't

23 Just ask them questions about themselves. "Many of them like to talk about what

they do for a living," suggests psychologist Tim Ursiny, author of The Confidence Plan. Kids can also talk to grown-ups about 24 Ask what the last good movie they saw was, 25 turns to movies, Ursiny says. If a

because people at dinner parties "light up" when the grown-up is 26

Harry Potter, it's OK to talk about your love for Harry. It's a safe topic, one that

both grown-ups and kids can enjoy, so go ahead and talk about whether Dumbledore is really dead. But 27 the topic of video games. "Adults don't want to hear about your video game 28

they play it," Ursiny explains. Adults also don't want to hear slang. Don't use language they don't should learn to speak to other people in their own language. 30 29 Ursiny says kids

most adults aren't into slang,

they do remember what it was like to be a kid. Ursiny recommends asking adults what school was like when they were your age. "It might be a fun discussion if you experience with theirs." Make sure you topics are off-limits (禁区). Also, don't chat about things that make your parents feel guilty. Don't mention 33 stuff 32 31 your 10th-grade

with your parents beforehand to find out which

such as how Dad has been sleeping on the couch, Ursiny says, And don't complain that Mom has been late preparing breakfast. Instead, Ursiny says, kids should try to put themselves in their parents' to 35 34 Learning how

that type of understanding might help you out in the future." The most successful

people can develop a sympathetic feeling for others," he says. 21. A. everything 22. A. how 23. A. important 24. A. movies 25. A. translation 26. A. in 27. A. escape 28. A. when 29. A. believe 30. A. While 31. A. show 32. A. chat B. something B. what B. interesting B. meals B. conversation B. on B. avoid B. unless B. teach B. As B. compare B. play C. anything C. why C. hard C. parties C. description C. into C. prevent C. but C. understand C. If C. balance C. study D. nothing D. when D. easy D. hobbies D. introduction D. onto D. ban D. because D. admire D. Since D. match D. stay

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33. A. unbelievable 34. A. shoes 35. A. produce

B. special B. clothes B. shape

C. unpleasant C. condition C. raise

D. rough D. location D. develop

Ⅳ. 阅读理解(共 11 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 22 分) 阅读下面短文,从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。 A Our Team Matt Buczek Matt has spent more than 20 summers at summer camp in America. Matt grew up in England, gaining a Master's Degree in Education and worked as a teacher for 5 years. Matt looks forward to providing first class service to camps and helping to provide a memorable summer experience. Matt lives with his wife, Paulann, his dog, Oscar and his twin girls, Molly and Lily, who are 28 years old. He loves soccer, boxing and home improvement. Matt can be reached via

e-mail at matt@ 3adventures. com or 888. 724. 4292 ext 1. Scott Curry It's hard to believe that Scott has been in camping since 1989 -that's more than 25 years! Scott has directed some of the biggest and excellent exchange programs in the country. Scott's relationships across the globe ensure a great pool of staff for 3 Adventures to share with our camps and employers. Scott lives in New York City with his wife, Lilik, and is interested in fishing. Scott can be reached via e-mail at scott@ 3adventures. com or 888.724. 4292 ext 3. Jeff Daly Jeff has been involved in camping for over 24 years! With a love for youth development, Jeff has interviewed and trained thousands of camp counselors over his career and looks forward to providing outstanding service for camp experience. Jeff lives with his wife, Kelly, his daughter Mary, his son Miles and his dogs! Jeff loves having the opportunity to travel, camping with friends and family, and is a complete fanboy of anything related to Star Wars. Jeff can be reached via e-mail at

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jeff@ 3adventures. com or 888. 724. 4292 ext 2. 36. According to the period of their camping experiences, the longest working time is ___________. A. 20 years B. 28 years C. 24 years D. 25 years

37. From the passage, we can learn that all of them ___________. A. directed the biggest programs in the country B. gained a Master's Degree in Education C. can provide good service for camps D. have pets at home 38. As a young man, if you want to become a camp counselor, you can get advice from ___________. A. Jeff Daly B. Scott Curry C. Matt Buczek D. Kelly Daly

39. The passage is designed for the person who ___________. A. has different hobbies. C. wants to make e-pals with them B. wants to take adventures D. has some problems with family life

B

Tourists can now come face-to-face with huge saltwater crocodiles as they swim underwater in the glass-lined "Cage of Death", an attraction now offered at Northern Australia's Crocosaurus Cove. For the attraction, brave visitors enter a transparent box that is 9 feet tall but only 1.5 inches thick. The cage is lowered into the underwater place where four crocodiles live, allowing visitors to see very closely and play with various crocodiles-including one who starred as a beast in the well-known movie "Crocodile Dundee". Although the experience only lasts about 15 minutes, guests have to accept an instruction in safety before entering the cage. "I dive with sharks but it's not this close. It's extremely exciting to get that close to a crocodile
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of that size," one adventurer told us excitedly as soon as he got out of the "Cage of Death". "The cage has no bars, unlike cages used in shark dives, which prevents the beasts from attacking people but deep teeth scratches (划痕) can be seen everywhere on the sides, frightening a lot of visitors who consider taking part," reports the manager. Saltwater crocodiles, known locally in Australia as "salties", are among the largest crocodile species in the world. The males can grow nearly 20 feet long and have been known to weigh over 2, 200 pounds. An on-site photographer will catch what goes down on film so that tourists can remember the adrenaline (肾上腺素) rush moment through photos-if they choose to pay an additional fee for the keepsakes (纪念品). The "Cage of Death'" experience itself costs $120 per person, in addition to entry to Crocosaurus Cove, which is $28. If you and a friend want to experience the exciting adventure, both of you can enter the cage together and have a close contact with those thrilling crocodiles for $160. 40. The underlined word "transparent" in Paragraph 2 probably mean ___________. A. thick B. huge C. clear D. safe

41. According to the passage, we can infer that ___________. A. a safety instruction is a must for all visitors B. visitors can see and touch various crocodiles C. the cage has to be lowered underwater for half an hour D. people can be much closer to the sharks than to the crocodiles 42. How much will it cost if you and your classmate want to enter the cage? A. $120 B. $148 C. $160 D. $240

43. Which can be the best title for the passage? A. Saltwater crocodiles C. A star in a movie B. An exciting attraction D. An on-site photography

C

We always say that an accident will bring an improvement to China. Last year, a large amount
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of traffic accidents concerning school buses happened, which had drawn the attention of media and public. After that, the authority has begun the preparation of new standards to the school buses. In the process of the school bus's developing, China learns a lot from the US. There are some reasons, first of all, the United States is the most advanced country in terms of school buses, and it has a long history of school buses and a lot of great related products. Secondly, there is a famous photograph on the Internet which was an accident between an American school bus and a Hummer. The Hummer was badly damaged but the school bus was all right. Now, everybody in China admires the American school buses and dislikes our own school buses, but I think we need to know the fact that there is a considerable difference between Chinese school buses and American ones. The school buses in China are not like those in the United States which are directly based on ready-made truck chassis (底盘), instead, they use light buses as models. Does "school bus safety" totally depend on the school buses' quality? We should find the real reasons of the accidents rather than try to find the shortcomings of the school buses, which are the drivers and traffic system. If those vehicles were not overloaded, not overspeed, if those drivers had driven safely and maintained the school buses well, how could those sad stories happen? Today, China has been exporting a large number of buses to Asia and Europe even the US. In the wealthy Middle East, you can see Chinese buses everywhere. Not only because they are reasonably priced, but also the new technology, safety of Chinese buses. So naturally, we are extremely proud of the "Made in China" on the buses. As I mentioned above, strict, effective laws and regulations along with regular supervision make the American school buses so safe and reliable. And these reasons indicate that our government ought to improve the whole system step by step instead of rushing to some achievements. 44. What is mainly talked about in Paragraph 2? A. The photograph on the Internet. B. The long history of the school buses. C. The development of the school buses. D. The reasons why China learns from the US. 45. The author strongly believes that the causes of the accidents concerning school buses are __________. A. the quality of school buses B. the drivers and traffic system C. ineffective laws and regulations D. the government's poor management 46. In paragraph 5 the purpose of the author is to ___________.
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A. promote Chinese buses B. find the reasons for the accidents C. complain about the school buses D. admit the advantages of Chinese buses

第二部分 II. 完成句子(共 5 小题;第 1、2 小题每题 2 分;第 3、4、5 小题每题 3 分;满分 13 分) 根据括号中所给短语的提示完成下列句子。 1. 那位老人年轻时以捕鱼为生。(make a living) _______________________________________________________________ 2. 当你们陷入麻烦时,可以求助于你们的朋友。(get into trouble) _______________________________________________________________ 3. 最后,他们依次提出了应对空气污染的方案。(in turn) _______________________________________________________________ 4. 在回来的路上,我们的车坏了,这让我们很无助。(break down) ______________________________________________________________ 5. 这个外国人很难让别人理解他的想法。(get across)

B 卷 满分 50 分 I. 选词填空(共 7 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 14 分) 用方框中单词或短语的适当形式完成下列句子,每个单词或短语只能使用一次。 organize impress 1. The Forbidden City is one of the famous tourist _________ in Beijing. 2. I must make an _________ to him for not going to his party. 3. Our school will _________ a trip to the Beijing Happy Valley this Saturday. 4. She is usually _________ with her students and explains the problems again and again. 5. We hope you can accept our invitation if it is __________ for you. 6. _____________, I can have a chance to visit Australia this summer. 7. The boss was greatly _____________ by his excellent performance in the interview. patience convenient apologize attraction hopeful

Ⅱ. 阅读表达(共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 阅读下面的短文和问题,根据短文内容,在相应题号后的横线上写下相关信息,完成对 该问题的回答。答语要意思清楚,结构正确,书写工整。
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Courage is the ability to be brave in various situations in our life. Here and there, now and then, everyone needs courage to do something well. Courage may make you confident of your success. If you have courage, you will not show fear in face of anything difficult or dangerous. With courage, you may look someone in the eye who you have wronged (冤枉) and say "I am sorry" ; you may still smile even if you are seriously ill and know you are at the end of your life. How can we build up our courage? Believe you will be successful. Take chances and know that you have your own talents. Besides, your family and friends are always there for you. Exercise your courage. It can be compared to a muscle. The more we use it, the stronger courage gets. Know that giving up is not a choice. It's much easier to give up, and it takes courage to say or do what you think is right, even when other people think you are wrong. Fight to control your fear. Courageous people may still be afraid, but the difference is that they can control their fear. They don't let it hold them back but use it as a reminder of what they can lose if they don't go on. Get courage by reading inspiring stories of brave people. Abraham Lincoln is one of the people who you may think of. 1. What is courage? (no more than 13 words) 2. What will people do in face of difficulty or danger if they don't have courage? (no more than 5 words ) 3. How can courage become stronger? (no more than 4 words) 4. What is the difference between courageous people and others? (no more than 5 words)

Ⅲ. 阅读理解(共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 阅读下面短文,从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。 On college campuses across the country, students and faculty alike ask Michael Horn, "Will higher education be OK?" Knowing that the analyst graduated from Yale University, people wonder, "Don't you want your twin daughters to go to Yale?" or will Horn want his girls in the Ivy League? To the first question, he says, "Yes, but it's not going to look the same." And in answer to the second, he says, "Not necessarily." "It's hard to imagine that my daughters will be making the same decisions I did... by looking only at four-year, traditional colleges," he adds." There will be so many other choices!" Richard Vedder, economics professor at Ohio University, has a similar take on higher education's straits." More colleges, while generally slow to change, are showing" more willingness
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to innovate" in order to meet those challenges." he says. Vedder points to recent developments, such as "blended education", combining online learning with time in a classroom," colleges starting to rethink professors' lifelong titles", and universities" moving campuses" He says higher education may be discovering Plato's prescription: "Necessity is the mother of invention." And companies like Google will offer internships leading to certificates or degrees, as well as jobs, at a much lower price than colleges charge for a four-year degree. The difference, says Michael McLendon, academic dean and a professor at Southern Methodist University, is that colleges will have to shift their focus from where it has been for decades- on a "competition between institutions based on resource inputs, such as endowments, stadiums and so on, to a competition based on outcomes," such as graduation rates and future employment. Ken Hartman, senior fellow at an education consulting firm, says he has seen more change in higher education during the last 24 months than at any other period during his career of more than 30 years in the field. Online education, most agree, will be a key part of higher education's future. With lower costs and flexible scheduling, digital technology could help draw Hispanics, who will be responsible for 60 percent of the nation's population growth between now and 2050. Also, degrees that can be obtained in less time, and based at least in part on competency, and not only on class credits, will likely be more common. And the author still thinks that "anyone who tells you they can say exactly what it will look like is lying." 1. What does Michael Horn expect for his daughters' future education? A. He wants his girls to go to Yale as he did. C. His girls must go to one of the Ivy League. B. He doesn't want his girls to go to Yale. D. Yale is not the only choice for his girls.

2. According to Richard Vedder, what might be the change in the future higher education? A. More and more professors are employed for lifelong time. B. All students have to do their interns at Google companies. C. Online courses will be offered for gaining degree credits. D. Studying Plato's works is necessary for a college degree. 3. What does the underlined word "shift" mean? A. put B. change C. remove D. keep

4. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Professors are sure about what the college of tomorrow will be like. B. Hispanics will benefit from the change of higher education of tomorrow. C. All the students have to spend more time and money on their degrees. D. There has been no change in higher education in the past two years.
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参考答案
A 卷 (第一部分) II. 单项填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 11. B 16. D 12. B 17. C 13. A 18. A 14. B 19. A 15. C 20. D

III. 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 21. D 26. C 31. B 22. A 27. B 32. A 23. D 28. B 33. C 24. A 29. C 34. A 25. B 30. A 35. D

IV. 阅读理解(共 11 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 22 分) 36. D 42. C 37. C 43. B 38. A 44. D 39. B 45. B 40. C 46. D A 卷(第二部分) II. 完成句子(共 5 小题;第 1、2 小题每题 2 分;第 3、4、5 小题每题 3 分;满分 13 分) 1 .The old man made a living by fishing when he was young. 2. When you get into trouble, you can turn to your friends for help / ask your friends for help. 3. Eventually / Finally, they presented the solutions to air pollution in turn./They came up with ideas / plans to deal with / handle air pollution. 4. On the way back, our car broke down, which made us helpless. 5. The foreigner had difficulty (in) getting his ideas across to others./The foreigner found it difficult to get his ideas across to others./It was difficult for the foreigner to get his ideas across to others. B卷 I. 选词填空(共 7 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 14 分) 1. attractions 2. apology 3. organize 4. patient 5. convenient 6. Hopefully 7. impressed II. 阅读表达(共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 1. It is the ability to be brave in various situations in our life. 2. They will show fear./They will easily give up. 3. By using it more. 4. They can control their fear. III. 阅读理解 (共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分)
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41. A

1. D

2. C

3. B

4. B

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