2014 年合肥市高三第一次教学质量检测 英
第Ⅰ 卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先把选出的最佳选项标在试卷的相应 位置，再转涂到答题卡上。听完每段对话后，你都
有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．How is the man going to work today? A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By car. 2．Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a travel agency. B. In a bank. C. In a post office. 3．How does Lisa feel about leaving? A. Sad. B. Puzzled. C. Excited. 4．Who will probably order a beer? A. The man. B. The woman. C. The man’s friend. 5．What might be the relationship between the speakers? A. Mother and son. B. Brother and sister. C. Father and daughter. 第二节(共 l 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先把选出的最佳选项标 在试卷的相应位置，再转涂到答题卡上。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6．Why is the woman going to the supermarket? A. Because it has many nice goods. B. Because it offers a good discount. C. Because it gives customers gifts. 7．What will the man probably do next? A. Visit his mother. B. Wait at the bank.
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C. Pay the phone bill. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8．What does the man hate to do during the Spring Festival? A. Go to the cinema. B. Do the shopping. C. Get together with friends. 9．Why does the woman’s dad pay for her visit to Switzerland? A. Because she likes traveling. B. Because she wins a big prize. C. Because she helps her family. 10．How long will the woman stay in Switzerland? A. 3 days. B. 4 days. C. 7 days. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11．Why does the woman call the man? A. Because she doesn’t know the way. B. Because she can’t see any road signs. C. Because she doesn’t like the restaurant. 12．Where does the woman want to go? A. The Queen’s Hotel. B. The man’s house. C. St. James Street. 13．How does the woman go to the destination? A. On foot. B. By bicycle. C. By car. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14．Why has the man been unable to play football? A. Because he got his knee hurt. B. Because he suddenly fell ill. C. Because he tried pain killers. 15．What does the woman say about Chinese medicine in the US? A. It is known to few people. B. It is getting more popular. C. It is better than western medicine. 16．What will the speakers probably do next? A. Go to play football. B. Go to a Chinese doctor’s. C. Look up some information. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．Who is the school orientation program intended for? A. The new staff of the university. B. The volunteers of the university.
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C. The new students of the university. 18．What is the purpose of the orientation? A. To help the new students to learn about campus life. B. To welcome the student volunteers and their parents. C. To inform the students of the university future plans. 19．How can you get further information about the coming orientation? A. By asking the student volunteers. B. By contacting students’ union. C. By visiting the school website. 20．What should you do if you need help at Christmas time? A. Call the College Programming Office. B. Visit the College Programming Office. C. Email the College Programming Office 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 l 5 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 1 5 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应 位置。用答题卡的考生，先选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21．—Do you like Mary’s new hairstyle? — Perfect！How much _____ she looks with the curly short hair! A. well B. good C. best D. better 22．I’m not good at _____ people’s mind, so if you should have some requests, let me know. A. reading B. crossing C. occupying D. changing 23．Come on! Anybody here can learn to do a rock climb. There is _____ to it really. A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something 24．I am sorry I didn’t go to the cinema with you yesterday. You know, I _____ the film. A. saw B. have seen C. had seen D. see 25．I really shouldn’t have shouted at my parents like that, but _____. A. it was none of your business B. I just couldn’t help it C. I didn’t care about it D. it made no difference 26．The old woman carefully sorted out the eggs, _____ them in the basket and headed for the market. A. put B. to put C. putting D. having put 27．—What a pity! I missed The Voice of China last night. —Don’t worry. It _____ again this weekend. A. broadcasts B. will be broadcasted C. is broadcasted D. will broadcast 28．The little girl cried for several minutes _____ her mother came to comfort her. A. unless B. while C. once D. before 29．The bride and groom gave _____ attended their wedding some gifts to share their happiness. A. whomever B. whoever C. whom D. who 30．_____ with shame, the boy lowered his head, ready for the punishment from his dad. A. Filled B. Filling C. To fill D. To have filled
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31．The mother thanked the young man again and again, without _____ help her son would have been killed by the passing car. A. whom B. his C. whose D. who 32．Sometimes you can see beggars _____ people’s kindness to make money. A. take advantage of B. make sense of C. take charge of D. make fun of 33．—_____ you got Wang Feng’s autograph photo? —Didn’t you know I went to his live concert? See? Easy! A. How it was B. When it was that C. How was it that D. When was it 34．The players from Guangzhou Evergrande Football Club have been doing very well recently, so they _____ win the final match. A. need B. might C. would D. should 35．—I really thought I would pass the job interview. — Anyway, _____. A. better later than never B. better luck next time C. all is well that ends well D. well begun is half done 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 All of us go through some difficult times as we approach teenage years. It's the age when we have to deal with the most 36 in our life. This transition (过渡) from childhood to adulthood is 37 for some, but rough for others. The most important thing about being a teenager is 38 . When we are teenagers, we would get blamed or even punished for anything wrong we do. It's all not so 39 about being a teenager though. We don't have to have our 40 take us to somewhere we want to go or we couldn't go before. We can have 41 with friends or even alone, which we couldn’t have because we were too 42 to know what pleasure is! It’s a very enjoyable time of life. During this age, we are old enough to 43 what is good for us, and make decisions without 44 others. But like the saying goes, ―All good things must come to an end, but all bad things can continue 45 .‖ During this period, we are having much 46 for our studies. If we don’t pass, we won't get jobs, and things will take a turn for the 47 . With the present world economy in 48 , we have to do really, really well in our 49 for a job. Adults say that their 50 is the hardest part of life. But I think the transition from a kid to an adult is much 51 than being already an adult. What we do in our teenage years will 52 what we become and how we lead our life in the future. In conclusion, it is quite 53 that parents put much pressure on an already stressed out teenager. If they realized that, living condition for teenagers would be much better. 54 for the teens ourselves we should get to know what is best for us. What’s more, we should understand the right 55 of life we choose at this age can make us happy for the rest of our existence. 36. A. chances B. changes C. feelings D. expectations 37. A. smooth B. practical C. demanding D. necessary
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38. A. knowledge B. independence C. confidence D. responsibility 39. A. easy B. strange C. bad D. interesting 40. A. guides B. partners C. parents D. friends 41. A. fun B. trouble C. relation D. business 42. A. proud B. young C. smart D. mature 43. A. predict B. remember C. imagine D. understand 44. A. guiding B. helping C. inviting D. consulting 45. A. occasionally B. briefly C. forever D. naturally 46. A. pressure B. passion C. motivation D. panic 47. A. better B. worse C. fewer D. more 48. A. decline B. hope C. increase D. debt 49. A. contribution B. education C. application D. qualification 50. A. promotion B. work C. experience D. age 51. A. harder B. happier C. easier D. lighter 52. A. reflect B. confirm C. determine D. identify 53. A. vital B. urgent C. common D. unnecessary 54. A. Or B. Otherwise C. But D. Because 55. A. experience B. way C. condition D. power 第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并标在 答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Steve knew he’d been adopted as a baby, and when he turned 18, in 2003, he decided he’d try to track down his birth mother. The agency from which he’d been adopted gave him his mother’s name: Tallady. But online searches didn’t turn up any results about it, and Steve had to let it go. In 2007, though, he searched for the name again online. This time, the search results included a home address near the Lowe’s store where Steve, then 22, worked as a deliveryman. When he mentioned the coincidence to his boss, his boss said, ―You mean Tallady, who works here?‖ Steve and Tallady, a cashier, had said hello to each other a few times at the store, but they’d never really talked. He hadn’t even known her name. Steve thought there was no possible way she was his mother though they shared the same name. For a few months, Steve avoided Tallady. ―I wasn’t sure how to approach her,‖ he told a local reporter. Finally, the agency volunteered to arrange their reunion. When Tallady realized that the nice guy she’d been waving at was his son, she sobbed. She’d always hoped to meet her birth son one day. Later that day, mother and son talked for almost three hours at a nearby bar. She’d given him up for adoption in 1985, when she was 23. ―I wasn’t ready to be a mother,‖ she told him. Married with two other children, Tallady says, ―I have a complete family now.‖ 56．Steve gave up the on-line search for his birth mother in 2003 because _____. A. the agency didn’t give him any help B. there was no information about his mother C. his mother didn’t turn up online
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D. he missed the information about his mother 57．What did Steve find about his mother online in 2007? A. Her home address. B. Her full name. C. Her boss’s name. D. Her new job. 58．Why Steve avoided Tallady for months? A. Because she didn’t want to talk to him. B. Because he wasn’t fully prepared for the reunion. C. Because she was very difficult to approach. D. Because he didn’t think she was his birth mother. 59．The best title for the text is _____. A. The Love of Mother B. An Unexpected Meeting C. The Power of the Internet D. An Unusual Reunion B Dogs and cats are not for students who live in the dormitory. Just think about the noise, the smell and all that wild behavior—chewing on whatever they can get their teeth on, or knocking over the trash can. But don’t feel sad. There are smaller and less destructive pets to make your dormitory life colorful.
Betta fish They make great pets with their big personality and astonishing colors, ranging from bright red, dark blue to lemon yellow. Unlike many fish, most bettas react to their owner’s presence and become more active when they are nearby, which is unusual in the fish world.
Chinchillas Without bad smell, about the size of a rabbit and with fur so dense that they can’t get pests such as fleas(跳蚤), the friendly creature originally from the Andes Mountains in South America makes an ideal indoor pet. Chinchillas are very social animals, so if you only have one, you will become its family. In cold winter days, in a glace at this fury pet in a dorm will bring you a lot of warmth.
Land hermit crabs
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In a society where owners are often asked ―Are they tasty?‖, land hermit crabs are among the most unlucky animals commonly kept as pets. But they are easy to care for, inexpensive and fascinating to watch. And the fact that they don’t cause any allergic reactions makes them perfect for college dormitories.
Red-eared sliders If you’re interested in a lifelong friend, a red-eared slider makes a wonderful pet. If well cared for, they can live for around 40 years. But there are a couple of things you should know. Red-eared can grow to an adult size of up to 30cm! So you may need a larger tank quickly. In addition, you will need to provide UV lighting, water heater, and a swimming area and a basking (晒太阳) area. Housing a red eared slider is not easy. 60．All the dormitory pets mentioned in the text are _____. A. active and allergic B. quiet and peaceful C. colorful and tasty D. small and smelly 61．Which of the following is not true about these creatures? A. Bettas are active and rich in colors. B. Chinchillas are originally mountain animals. C. Land hermit crabs are allergic but tasty. D. Red-eared sliders need more care from the owner. 62．If you want to keep the pet as long as possible, you’d better choose _____. A. Betta fish B. Chinchillas C. Land hermit crabs D. Red-eared sliders 63．The text is mainly to _____. A. introduce the best way to keep pets B. offer useful tips for choosing pets C. inform students of lifestyle of pets D. recommend some dormitory pets C More than half a century ago, there were 4, 000 drive-in movie theaters in the United States, and watching a movie from your car was a popular way to spend an evening. But with the number of drive-ins reduced to just a few hundred, outdoor movie has been popping up across the nation. Going to an open-air theater has become a modern summer pastime for an increasing number of movie fans. In recent years, outdoor movie screenings have come up in parks, vacant lots and shopping malls around the nation. On average, about 1,000 people attend each movie night. It attracts a lot of young professionals, young workers and residents nearby. For some, the outdoor movies bring back the memories of the drive-in theaters of their youths. But for the majorities, they think it is comparable to the atmosphere of drive-ins, as they can bring friends, food, good wine, and watch the movie together.
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The returning of Americans’ love affair with outdoor movies makes Stephen Bastas ever busier. His seven-member crew sets up screens in various locations mostly in the Washington area every day throughout the summer. They are doing pretty well and they hope to continue the trend. And it looks like they are going to. That’s because many fans say there is nothing like watching a movie on a breezy summer evening under the stars. 64．In the first paragraph, the author tries to tell us _____. A. outdoor movies attracts more movie-lovers B. summer brings back more drive-in movie fans C. drive-in movie theaters have already disappeared D. watching a movie from your car is becoming more popular 65．Most people choose to go to an outdoor movie mainly because they can _____. A. have snacks before the movie B. cheer up with young friends C. bring back good old days D. enjoy the casual atmosphere 66．From the text, we can learn that Stephen Bastas is most probably _____. A. a movie maker B. an outdoor movie fan C. a movie director D. an open-air theater operator 67．How does Stephen Bastas feel about the future of outdoor movie? A. Optimistic. B. Amazed. C. Worried. D. Disappointed. D This message is to inform all the children that Santa's post office in Himmelpfort, Germany, is open to receive your holiday wishes. That means you can mail your letters to Santa about 6 weeks sooner than that last year. Santa knows you've been good and wants to make sure he and his helpers receive your wish list earlier. Eight post offices are organized across Germany to answer all letters children send. This year they plan to receive over 250,000 letters. Though the letters fly from over 80 different countries, Santa and his helpers can understand and make sure to answer all the letters. In 1984, two children from Berlin sent their wish lists to Himmelpfort after spending vacation there. Their letters were answered by postal employees and later Himmelpfort increased its helpers to meet the needs of increased mail traffic. Year after year, Santa and his crew use an eco-friendly powered vehicle to collect the thousands of letters he receives from young boys and girls. The great news for this year is that if you come to the beautiful town of Himmelpfort, you can drop off your letter and visit Santa in person, from Tuesdays to Thursdays until Christmas Eve. Santa does not currently have an e-mail, Twitter or a Facebook account. He believes in old-fashioned communication. So get out your paper and write your wish list. Just make sure your letter is clear so you can receive an official response, send your letters to: Santa Christmas Post Office Himmelpfort, Germany 16798 68．This year Santa and his helpers _____.
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A. are eager to receive more wishes B. keep traveling around 80 countries C. are able to receive kids’ letters earlier D. answer most of the letters from kids 69．From the 3rd paragraph, we know that _____. A. post offices send kids all the presents they ask for B. children from Berlin like spending holidays in Himmelpfort C. Santa uses a powered vehicle because of the heavy mail traffic D. children can visit Santa in the flesh before Christmas Eve this year 70．Santa doesn’t have social communications online probably because he _____. A. is not sure about the online security B. trusts traditional ways of communication C. prefers official and formal letters D. thinks written letters are clearer than e-mails 71．This text is intended for _____. A. tourists coming to Himmelpfort B. teenagers preferring writing letters C. parents preparing for Christmas D. children planning to write to Santa E For the first time, researchers have discovered that some plants can kill insects in order to get additional nutrients. New research shows that they catch and kill small insects with their own sticky hairs near the roots and then absorb nutrients through their roots when the insects are killed and fall to the ground. Professor Mark Chase, of Kew and Queen Mary, University of London, said: ―The cultivated (改良的) tomatoes and potatoes still have the hairs. Tomatoes in particular are covered with these sticky hairs. They do trap small insects on a regular basis. They do kill insects.‖ The number of these carnivorous plants is thought to have came up to 50 percent and many of them have until now been wrongly regarded as among the most harmless plants. Among them are species of petunia （矮牵牛） , some special tobacco plants and cabbages, some varieties of potatoes and tomatoes, etc. Researchers at Royal Botanical Gardens Kew, which carried out the study, now believe there are hundreds more killer plants than previously realized. It is thought that the technique was developed in the wild to get necessary nutrients in poor quality soil – and even various plants grown in your vegetable garden still have the ability. The researchers, publishing their finding in the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, said: ―We may be surrounded by many more murderous plants than we think.‖ ―We are accustomed to thinking of plants as being immobile and harmless, and there is something deeply frightening about the thought of meat-eating plants," they added. 72．Tomatoes and potatoes kill insects to _____. A. get more sticky hairs B. make themselves grow better C. make their roots stronger D. avoid falling down to the ground 73．The word ―carnivorous‖ in Paragraph 3 most probably means _____.
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A. fast-growing B. harmless C. insect-killing D. nutritious 74．The insect-killing technique of vegetables is developed most probably through _____. A. evolution of species B. helps from other garden plants C. artificial cultivation D. nutrients preserved in rich soil 75．The text is probably taken from _____. A. a student book B. a science fiction C. a scientific repot D. a bulletin board 第Ⅱ 卷 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 任务型读写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 Art is an important part of education, not only on its own but in the rest of education as well. However, in this information age, advanced technology in school has gained more attention than art. Sometimes when the school has a tight budget, it is usually art rather than technology that becomes the first thing to be cut. Anyway, the significance of art can’t be ignored. First of all, in school it can help students develop a variety of life skills such as communication skills, problem-solving skills and self-expression skills. Secondly, for high school students, those who are involved in arts classes can have higher test scores. Besides, for some students, art seems to be motivation for coming to school because it’s a subject that they can outshine, which eventually balances their educational experience. New technology surely offers many benefits to some aspects of education, making teaching and learning easier and more effective. For example, technology simplifies tasks that take much longer to do, like conducting research or finding information. But advanced technology has bad effects such as the risk of being overweight, tiredness and even potential mental health problems, while art doesn’t. On the other hand, unlike art, no technology can develop students’ critical (批判的) thinking skills and a creative mind, both of which can help them to find successful careers after they graduate. Furthermore, no technology can help students to learn to bear responsibility, develop their imagination and increase their confidence. Generally, art should not be replaced with advanced technology in schools and the last thing to be cut out of school curriculum. Title Situation The (78) roles that art plays in school Should Technology (76) Technology has attracted more (77) schools, which is in danger of being cut. ● Developing (79) life skills ● Improving academic performance ● Serving as (80) for attending school ● Causing less health problems ● Developing critical thinking and (81) ● Helping students take on (82) ● Developing imagination ● Making students feel more (83) Art should be no doubt (85)
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Art? than art In
Advantages of art over technology
on the school curriculum.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 近日，是否要在中学进行英语口语考试的话题引起了学生们的热议，某中学生英语 报也举办了以―Spoken English Test in Middle Schools‖为主题的征文活动，请你根据下面所提 示的内容，用英语写一篇短文向该报投稿。 1．简要介绍你们班同学目前英语口语水平； 2．说明你对中学英语口语考试的态度，并给出至少两个支持（或反对）的理由。 注意: 1. 词数 120 左右。短文的开头已给出（不计入总词数）； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Recently there has been a heated discussion among students about whether it’s necessary to have spoken English test in middle schools.
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合肥市 2014 年高三第一次教学质量检测 英语试题参考答案及评分标准 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 1—5ACABA 6—10BCBCB 11—15ABCAB 16—20BCACA 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分;满分 15 分) 21—25DACCB 26—30ABDBA 31—35CACDB 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 36—40BADCC 41—45ABDDC 46—50ABABD 51—55ACDCB 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 56—59BABD 60—63BCDD 64—67ADDA 68—71CDBD 72—75BCAC 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:任务型读写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 76.replace 77.attention 78.significant/important 79.various 80.motivation 81.creativity 82.responsibility 83.confident 84.Conclusion 85.kept/included/listed 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 略
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