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定语从句 语法


Enjoy the song

That’s Why You Go Away Baby won‘t you tell me why there is sadness in your eyes I don't wanna say goodbye to you Love is one big illusion I s

hould try to forget but there is something left in my head You‘re the one who set it up now you’re the one to make it stop I'm the one who's feeling lost right now Now you want me to forget every little thing you said but there is something left in my head I won't forget the way you're kissing The feeling's so strong were lasting for so long But I'm not the man your heart is missing That's why you go away I know…

What’s the name of the song? --The name of the song is That’s Why You Go Away. Do you like the song whose name is That’s Why You Go Away?
-- I like the song whose name is That’s Why You Go Away very much.

Find out the missing words.

Love is one big illusion I should try to forget but there is something left in my head You‘re the one who set it up now you’re the one to make it stop I'm the one who is feeling lost right now

I like the song whose name is That’s Why You Go Away very much. I'm the one who is feeling lost right now

What type of clause are the underlined parts in the two sentences?

Revision for the Attributive Clause 定语从句

基础知识回顾: 关系代词的用法
指 代
That Which 人;物 物
人 人 人、物


是否可省 略

主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 宾语 定语 可省 不可省

Who Whom whose

在定语从句中关系副词都等于一个 适当的介词加上which,在从句中作状语 指代 所作成分 是否可省略 When

时间 地点 原因

状语 状语 状语

否 否 否

Where why

1.关系代词与关系副词的使用 2.that 与which 3.介词加关系词 4.综合考察

1.This is the film which I like best. 2. The boy whose father is a professor is one of my best friends. 3.It was 11 o’clock when the accident happened last night. 4. This is the village where I was brought up.
This is the park that we visited last year.(从句 意思不 完整需要加宾语) This is the park where we held a birthday party. (从句完整,只需加上特定的关系副词)

考点2:that 与 which
? 1. This is the only ticket that I got yesterday. ? 2. Is there anything that I can do for you? ? 3. Who is the man that is standing there? ? 4. The house, which we bough last month, is very nice.

Summarize: 只能用that引导定语从句的
1) 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰时。

2)先行词被the only,the very,the same,the last 修饰时。 3) 先行词是不定代词 all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything等. 4)先行词被 all,any,every,each,few,little,no,some等修饰。

1. Do you know the boy to whom your mother is talking? 2. I still remember the day on which I first got to Paris. 3. He gave me some novels with which I am not very familiar. 4. He gave me some novels which /that I am not very familiar with. 5. This is the child who∕whom∕that I will look after.


1.根据定语从句中谓语动词的习 惯搭配而决定。 2.根据先行词的搭配习惯来决定。 3.根据从句中动词和先行词的逻辑关系。

Enjoy the pictures and then fill in the blanks with the proper relatives to complete the attributive clauses.

When did you come here?

When did you come here?

When did you come here?

When did you come here?

We came here on Oct.12 , 2005. It was the day _____________ (on which)we were when sent into the space.

Where do you work and live??


Where do you work and live??

Where do you work and live??

Where do you work and live??

We work and live in a space capsule(太空

space capsule

It is a place ______________ where(in which) an astronaut works and lives.

What are you doing now?
I’m having my blood pressure(血压) taken.

I’m taking pictures.

Can you tell me the why /for which you are taking reason______________ pictures?

We celebrate the 60th anniversary (周年纪念日) of the founding of the PRC on October 1st, 2009.

I will never forget the day ______________ when/on which we celebrate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC.

Can you tell me the reason why/for which ____________ you are so late?

? The People’s Republic of China(中华人民共 和国), which _____was founded in 1949, celebrates the 60th anniversary of its founding on October 1st, 2009.


1、引导非限制性定语从句 的which可以指代前面的 先行词 ______ ,也可以指代前面 整个句子 。 __________

2,Whose(作定语):指人 of whom of which =__________, 指物=__________.

1,先行词既有人又有物时, that 定语从句关系词用______ 不用which和______. who

2, 关系副词why 表原因,常用在 for which 先行词reason后面,= ___ ____. 但引导非限制定语从句时,不能 why 用____

1,当先行词是表示时间的名词, 如time, day, year, month, week等,同时又在从句中作状语 时,定语从句需要用关系副词 when 引导。 _____ 引导定语从句的when也可以转换 介词+which 的形式。 成“____________”

2.先行词指物时,先行词 被序数词或形容词最高级修饰 时,常用________, 不用 that ______. which

1.关系代词指物时,只用which 不用that的两种情况:
(1).引导非限定性定语从句时; (2).关系代词在从句中做介词宾语 并且介词提到关系代词前时。

2.当先行词是表示地点的名词, 如place, room, mountain, airport等,同时又在从句中作状 语时,定语从句需要用关系副词 ________ where 引导。 但表地点的先行词在从句中做主 语或宾语时,定语从句需要用关 which that引导。 系代词___或
This is the park that we visited last year.


A 1.The girl _____ you saw in the street is Jane. A. that B. whose C. which D. as

2. This is the best book D _____ I have been looking for all this year. A. who B. whom C. which D. that

A 1. This is the place _____ I am dying to visit these years. A. which B. where C. in which D. to where

2. Tom didn’t pass the exam, ____ A surprised me a lot. A. which B. that C. who D. it

1. This is the school _c ____ Mr. Smith once taught. A. in that B. when C. where D. there

C 2. Is that the reason _____ you are late for school today? A. which B. what C. why D. for that

B 1. He has two sons, _____ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom

A 2. She is one of the students______ been to Beijing. A. who have B. who has C. which have D. which has

Let me try!

translate the following English proverbs into Chinese and then pick out the attributive clauses

1. God help those who help themselves . 天助自助者. 2. He who laughs last laughs best . 笑到最后的人才是英雄.

3. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man .
不到长城非好汉. 4. He who is content (满足) is always happy. 知足者常乐.


Let me try!

1. I like the friendlies whose name is Huanhuan very much.
2. The Five Friendlies, one of which _____ is Panda Jingjing are lovely cartoon images, standing for 北京欢迎你.

This is the Logo of the Beijing 2008 Olympic which presents the image of Torch Relay, _______

two runners holding the Olympic Flame high.

Smiling Angel in a Wheelchair

1. The dancing girl Jin Jing, who is a Paralympic _______ fencer(剑术者) was the third torchbearer(持火炬者) in the Olympic torch relay in Paris.

? 2. A 27-year-old Paralympic whose fencer ________name is Jin Jing used her own body to protect the Olympic torch in Paris.

The Water Cube

2. It took over four years to which construct "Water Cube", _______ is a new landmark in Beijing.
where 3. The Water Cube, _______ many new world records in swimming were made in 2008 Beijing Olympics, becomes a must-see place for tourists.

There is nothing!

1. The students who cleans the blackboard should be praised. clean

2. The reason why he told me is that his bike was broken. that

? Correct mistakes for the following sentences.

1. Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from class two.

2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible.


3. Who are the young girls who are having dinner in the restaurant?

4. She is one of the girls who is are very interested in maths. 5. Who is the girl that you talked to her just now? 去掉her 6. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before. 去掉it 7. There is an old woman, that is who holding a stick.



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