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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比ping


英语书面表达专题——观点对比类文章
一.写作思路 1: 提出问题:The question of the debate\ discussion. 2: 不同观点的对比: The ideas that support the question with reasons./The ideas that disagree with the question with reas

ons. 3: 说明自己的观点:Your opinion. 二.写作套语 1. 总述:a. Recently we have a heated discussion\ debate on… b. Different students\ people have \ hold different opinions. c. Students have different attitudes towards the question. d. People take different views on this question. e. Students’ views/ideas/opinions on it vary/differ from person to person. 2. 赞成:a. 60% of the students hold the opinion that…,thinking that/because…. b. The majority of the students are in favor of the idea that… c. Most of the students believe that… 3. 反对:a. In contrast, some are not quite in favor of the opinion that…because they think … b. However, other students \ people hold the opposite opinion for the reason that…. 4. 自己观点:a. As far as I am concerned \ I think… b. In my opinion \ I hold the opinion that…/It’s my opinion that…… 三.过渡词 表列举:for example, for instance, that is to say…/表补充:besides, in addition, moreover… 表对比:on the one hand…on the other hand, in spite of, on the contrary…/表原因:because of, thanks to, due to, owing to…/表结果:therefore, thus, as a result, so…/表结论:to conclude, in a word, in brief, to sum up…/表转折:however, nevertheless, yet…/表并列和递进:and, not only…but also… First of all, besides, in addition, what’s more, furthermore, what’s worse, worse still, last but not least (提及 最后的人或物时说,最后但同样重要 ), 正反观点写作 模板 1 ① Different people have different views on Spring Festival Gala (庆祝;节日). ②Some prefer the view that __________________for the reason that_____________③ In contrast, some are not quite in favor of the opinion that________ because they think __________④In addition, There is no denying that _____________⑤As for me, I agree with the second opinion because __________. 模板 2 There is a widespread concern over the issue that (作文题目)But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一_. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点一. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In their point of view, for one thing,原因一. For another thing,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that 观点二_. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that 观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. 句子翻译: 1.开头: 提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题。⑴我们就上大学是否是高中生的唯一出路进行
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了讨论。___________________________________________________________________________________ ⑵ 我 们 已 经 作 了 一 个 调 查 , 调 查 内 容 是 学 生 如 何 选 择 高 考 志 愿 . ________________________________________________________________________________________ ⑶我写信是要告诉你我们的一场讨论,讨论内容是成绩好的学生和成绩差的学生作同桌好不好。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ ⑷我写信是要告诉你, 我班最近就大学生是否应该经济独立进行讨论的情况。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.表示赞同及理由。⑴有的同学赞同迁出。他们认为参观动物园的旅客太多会造成交通拥挤。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ ⑵大多数学生持这种观点:惩罚(乘坐酒醉驾车的)乘客有助于减少交通事故和提高交通安全。 3.表示反对及理由。⑴我们中将近有 70%的人不同意(父母陪读), 因为这会让我们养成依赖习惯, 结果将不 会形成良好的学习习惯。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ (2) 但 是 , 其 他 人 不 同 意 , 因 为 部 分 学 习 差 的 学 生 常 常 惹 麻 烦 , 比 如 上 课 讲 话 , 违 反 校 规 校 纪._____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.结尾:表明个人观点。⑴依我看, 我们上大学可以接受更好的教育, 我们也因此能更好地服务祖国。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ ⑵就我而言, 我宁愿合作学习, 因为这会使我有机会学会与人相处和与人分享。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ (3)我的意见是学生应该把学习、健康、和安全放在其他事情之前。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 例文一:最近你市发现了一处唐文化遗址。是否应当开发?人们展开了激烈的讨论。假如你是一名记者, 请就此写一篇 100 字左右的报道,并发表自己的看法。 赞成开发:应开发利用以吸引更多的游客来旅游观光。 反对开发:应保持原样,妥善保护,以免遭人为破坏。 Recently, citizens in our city have had \ held a heated a debate on whether we should explore the cultural relics. It was discovered in our city. Different people have different opinions. Some people are in favor of the idea. They think the cultural relic is worth exploring.Exporing it will make people learn more about the great history. What’s more, this cultural relic site can attract more visitors to our city, which will improve our tourism. However, others hold an opposite opinion. They think we should keep it as it is and protect it properly. Only in this way can it not be destroyed by people. As far as I am concerned, we should ask the experts for advice to find a better way to make good use of this cultural relic. 任务:把以上范文改成五句话,不含开头段及署名。_____________________________________________ 例文二:请根据以下的写作内容,使用5个规范的英语句子描述全部所给的信息内容. 作为一个中学生, 你肯定经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. 请你根据提示内容,简要概述 中学生普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度, 并结合自身实际, 说明你的观点.态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意 时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力。 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自 信, 避免再犯同样的错。你的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… 审题: 体裁: 议论文 时态: 现在时 人称: 第一、三人称
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要点: (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力. (3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样的错。 (4)我的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… 构思---文章结构:正反观点对比类的文章 1. 提出问题 2. 不同观点对比 3. 说明自己观点 (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. (提出问题) (对考试失败大致有两种态度. ) (不同观点对比) (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力. (3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样的错。 (4)我的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …(说明自己观点) 构思---句型短语 (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. 对考试失败大致有两种态度. have/ take many tests or exams/ do well in the exams/ achieve success / suffer from failure/ fail (in) the exams/ take different attitudes towards…/ There be different attitudes towards… (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力. be in low spirits/ have passive attitudes/ lose heart/confidence/ no longer study hard/ no longer try one’s best … (3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样的错。 find out/ analyze the causes/ encourage oneself/ have/take active attitudes/ build up self-confidence/ avoid making the same mistake (4) 你的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… in my view / opinion, I agree with…/ As for me, …/ As far as I’m concerned/ in brief/ in a word/ in summary Failure is the mother of success. 连接成篇【writing】_________________________________________________________________ 注意:基础写作应测试的能力 信息归类 信息 组织 的能 力 信息排列 将信息进行归类,并初步计划将哪些信息放到同一个句子中; 将信息进行合理的排列,排列必须依照一定的标准,如时间顺序、空 间顺序、因果关系、递进关系等。既要考虑语法上能否衔接,还要考 虑语意上的连贯。 选择信息表达的秩序后,还要对某些信息进行必要的增删,使文章意 思连贯、语言畅通、逻辑严密。 基本句型, 拼写和标点符号的正确运用与否之间影响到考生的写作成 绩 包括含有名词性从句的复合句,含有定语从句的复合句, 复合句 含有状语从句的复合句。 包括具有递进关系的并列句, 如由 and,then,besides,in addition, furthermore,moreover, what’s more 等连接的并列 并列句 句,具有转折关系的并列句,如由 but,however,on the contrary, after all 等连接的并列句,具有平行选择关系的并 列 句 , 如 由 both…and… , as well as , as well ,
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信息表达 基本句型 句子 运用 的能 力

复杂句型

neither…nor…or,either…or…,not only…but also…等连接 的并列句。 特殊 如使用强调句、 倒装句、 含有 with 复合结构的句子、 there be 句型 开头的句子、以形式主语 it 开头的句子等。 写作步骤:1. 就所给写作内容进行信息整理,按写作的逻辑顺序用汉语写出 5 个句子,做到不漏要点,逻 辑通顺,上下文连贯。 2. 考虑写作时的要点词汇、短语和句子结构。 3. 连句成篇,注意用上恰当的连接词。 4. 检查修改。 句子翻译答案 1. We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. We’ve had a survey on how to choose their courses, majors and universities. We have held a discussion about whether it is good or not for a top student to share a desk with a slower student. I’m writing to tell you about a recent discussion our class have had on whether university students should be financially independent or not. 2 Some of my classmates are in favor of the move ,thinking that large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams. The minority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps to reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety. .3 Nearly 70% of us disagree since it makes us fall into the habit of dependence, so that we won’t form the good habit of studying. However, others don’t hold the same view because some slower students are always making trouble, such as keeping talking in class, breaking school rules 4. In my opinion, we can receive a better education at college so that we can serve our motherland better. Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experiences with them. My opinion is that students should place their study, health and safety before other things. 参考范文:Recently, citizens in our city have had \ held a heated a debate on whether we should

explore the cultural relics, which was discovered in our city. Some people are in favor of the idea, thinking the cultural relic is worth exploring, which will make people learn more about the great history. What’s more, this cultural relic site can attract more visitors to our city, which will improve our tourism.However, others hold an opposite opinion, thinking that we should keep it as it is and protect it properly in.order to preserve the traditional culture. As far as I am concerned, we should ask the experts for advice to find a better way to make good use of this cultural relic.
参考范文:We middle school students have had many tests or exams and have both achieved success and suffered from failure, but different students take different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams, losing heart and no longer studying as hard as before. However, most students take an active attitude towards failure. By encouraging themselves to be self-confident, They find out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. In my opinion, failure is the mother of success, which can teach us a lot in the process of reaching our goals, and only by tasting failure can we enjoy the fruit of success.

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