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语法填空分析及解题技巧


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高一英语语法填空突破讲义 主讲:Stenfen
Unit1.语法填空来啦! 在 2014 年,全国各地的英语试卷进行了一系列改革,尤其最引人注目是在全国 新课标卷中, 将曾经考过长达 36 年 (1978-2013) 之久的单项填空改为语法填

空, 对于语法填空这种新题型的出现,是因为单项选择题并不符合语言实际的逻辑, 在构成语言时,实际上并不会想到对比的其他三个错误选项。 1.在新课标卷中为什么要改题呢? 苍老师解答: “单选”的难点在于“干扰选项”VS“语法填空”的难点在于 “文章语境” 。由于“单选”不符合实际语言运用规律故其在大学生四六级,研 究生入学考试等考试中并不涉及,因此,语法填空是要比单选更为科学的命题形 式。 2.那么语法填空题是一种新出现的题型吗? 苍老师解答: 其实语法填空提并不是第一次出现在高考命题之中, 早在 2007 年的广东高考卷中就已经涉及语法填空题的考试项目, 而新改革的湖南卷中的完 形填空Ⅱ中也是如出一辙,同学们在平实的训练中要对以上真题进行参考学习。 接下来,我们以 2013 年广东卷的语法填空题进行举例说明:
① One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 1 ( find ) that he had run out of salt.So Nick called to his son, “Go 2 too little.” to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it; neither too much I can pay less, 3 not save a bit of money?” 4 ( reason ) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy had heard their conversation, asked why they should not 6

② His son looked surprised. “I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if ③ “That would be a very a small village like ours,” Nick said. ④ Nick’s guests, 5 buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt that situation would be showing a lack of respect worked very hard to produce it.” ⑤ “But such a small thing couldn’t ⑥ “In the beginning, there was only world, but everyone added a little, always 10 8 9 ( possible ) destroy a village.” very small amount of unfairness in the ( think ) that it was only small and not very 7

a lower price would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of the sweat and struggle of the man who

important, and look where we have ended up today.”

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首先,苍老师带大家一起解读语法填空的题目说明: 阅读下面段文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个 适当的词或者括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡中相应的位 置。 根据上面所述的题目说明, 我们可知,在考虑语法填空题时既要考虑到句子的语 法结构性还要考虑到上下文的连贯性, 这就要求学生们不仅要有精确的语法知识 同时要有充实的单词量。在空格处既要考虑适当的词也要考虑词汇的正确形式。 这就要求我们必修掌握一定的构词法知识,掌握一个单词对应的各种“分身”和 “变形” 。 接下来,我们看 2013 年广东卷中第 16,19,23,25 题是给出了提示词的,而其 他几道题目都没有给出提示词。 3.那么,苍老师,语法填空题是否有像单选题一样的命题特点? 苍老师解答:当然,语法填空题对应的也有它的命题思路和命题特点。 【命题特点: 】 给提示词:填入名\动\形\副的适当形式。 不给提示词:填入介\连\冠\代\情态动词。 =实词 =虚词

由于英语是一门精确的语言, 所以在填写实词是就要注意词汇的变形而填写虚词 时就要注意挑选。 4.那么请问苍老师有什么高分策略吗? 苍老师解答:首先我们要知道考什么,然后知道怎么考最后再知道怎么答, 掌握以上三条法则是对应拿高分的策略。 【考什么】熟悉常见考点: 语法填空可谓和单项填空同出一母, 考察内容都要求同学们在平时的学习中注重 语法知识的积累和总结。 包含在初高中所学的各类语法知识和十大词类,三大从 句,谓语动词和非谓语动词,倒装、省略、强调句等一系列的语法知识。 【怎么考】对应的同学们要熟悉 07-13 年广东卷语法填空真题反复做三遍。 彻底了解常见考点。 【怎么答】①考虑语法结构:组件分析法(上学期期末复习讲义) ②考虑文章意思:情景想象∽“在脑海中拍电影”≈使题目视觉化
经过上面的分析,你是否对语法填空有了一个了解呢?接下来,每天坚持做一下,小试牛刀 吧。

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Unit2.语法填空真题演练
( )

Mary will ever forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day,__1_____( wear ) sun glasses. He walked in as if he __2____(buy) the school , And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City . For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt __3___ (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in __4___last row. ___5_____ he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back ,he was wrong . It might have made it a little __6____( hard ) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around ,but that didn’t stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary,_ 7____made her feel like a star . “Do you need those glasses for medical reasons ?” the teacher asked .The new boy shook his head.” Then I’d appreciate it if you didn’t wear them in class. I like to look at your eyes when I’m speaking to you.” The new boy looked at the teacher __8____ a few seconds and all the other students wondered __9____ the boy would do .Then he took __10____ off, gave a big smile and said “That is cool." One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment__1__(late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me__2__the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man__3__(sit) at the front. He__4__(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be__5__(mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to__6__he was trying to talk, but after some minutes__7__walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him__8__his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had__9__amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made__10__of us feel good.





A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. __1__water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder__2__had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man__3__ ( present ) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled __4__ ( warm ), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home__5__a happy heart.
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After the student left, the teacher let__6__student taste the water. He spit it out, __7__ (say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like__8__?" The teacher replied," You tasted the water. I tasted the gift. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be__9__ (sweet). "We understand this lesson best__10__we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. ( )

Jane was walking round the department store. She remembered how difficult __1__was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that he was as easy__2__(please)as her mother, who was always delighted with perfume. Besides, shopping at this time of the year was not__3__pleasant experience:people stepped on your feet or__4__(push)you with their elbows(肘部), hurrying ahead to get to a bargain. Jane paused in front of a counter__5__some attractive ties were on display. “They are real silk, ”the assistant tried to attract her. “Worth double the price. ”But Jane knew from past experience that her__6__ (choose)of ties hardly ever pleased her father. Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes__7__sale. She did not hesitate for long: although her father smoked a pipe only once in a while, she knew that this was a present which was bound to please__8__. When Jane got home, with her small but well-chosen present in her bag, her parents were already__9__table having supper. Her mother was excited. “Your father has at last decided to stop smoking, ” Jane__10__ (inform). ( )

Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people’s daily life.__1__these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop__2__(help) it grow”, is based on the following story. It is said that a short—tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960—1279) was very anxious to help__3__rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about__4__day and night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected. One day, he came up with an idea__5__he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. He was very tired__6__doing this for a whole day, __7__he felt very happy since the crop did “grow”__8__ (high). His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their__9__(nature) course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often__10__(result) in the contrary to our intention.

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(

)

I was on my way to the Taiyetos Mountains. The sun was setting when my car __1__(break) down near a remote and poor village. Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to__2__should have the honor of receiving me__3__a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted the offer of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me__4__(settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to__5__small town some 20 kilometers away__6__there was a garage. I had noticed three hens running freely in my hostess's courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table.__7__villagers brought me goat's cheese and honey. We drank together and talked__8__(merry) till far into the night. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village, I wanted to reward the old woman__9__the trouble I had caused__10__. (



Sports should help a man to learn fairness, not only in games but also in and for life. If two teams play__1__game, one team must lose. If a dozen teams attend an athletic competition,__2__team will get the most points and all the__3__eleven teams will get__4__points. If a school team comes out last, that is no loss of face.__5__that team and that school must do is to admit that it__6__(lose). The only intelligent reaction__7__defeat must be: next year we will do our best to come out on top, because from now on our team will devote__8__to a stricter course of training under competent instructors. Lessons__9__(learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. But even more__10__(value) are the lessons learned in extra—curricular activities in school: in speech, dramatic and musical contests, in “house” activities, and, especially, in the student council.

如果你在学习英语中有疑难杂症欢迎@苍老师官方微博:苍老斯 Stenfen

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