Festivals in America
? New Year’s Day ? Martin Luther King Day ? Valentine’s Day ? President’s Day ? St. Patrick’ Day ? All Fool’s Day ? Good Friday ? Easter ? Passover ? Mother’s
?Memorial Day ?Independence Day ?Father’s Day ?Labor Day ?Columbus Day ?Halloween ?Thanksgiving Day ?Christmas ?Kwanzaa
New Year’s Day
? January 1. It is a federal holiday. ? People generally have New Year’s parties and social gatherings. Many people may come home very late from the previous day’s New Year’s Eve parties. It is generally dangerous to drive during the early hours of New Year’s Day, as many people may be driving while intoxicated (喝醉）.
Martin Luther King Day
? Observed the third Monday in January. It is a federal holiday. ? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was actually born on January 15. He was a civil rights leader (considered the Gandhi of the U.S.).
? February 14. ? Celebrated in memory of St. Valentine. This holiday is highly commercialized. Lovers express their feelings by exchanging gifts, flowers, and greeting cards. In principle, a Valentine can be for anyone you care about, not just a lover or boyfriend. In practice, though, it is limited to lovers and spouses.
? The third Monday in February. It is a federal holiday. ? Celebrated to honor the United States presidents. ? George Washington’s birthday: February 22. ? Abraham Lincoln’s birthday: February 12. ? Many stores have major sales on this day.
St. Patrick’ Day圣帕特里克节
? March 17. ? Primarily celebrated by people with Irish background. Many people wear green clothes and other items on this day.
All Fool’s Day
? April 1. ? This is not really a holiday. People play lighthearted tricks on each other during this day. However, be careful not to play tricks that may be harmful or cause injuries to anyone. It is supposed to be innocent fun.
? Not really a holiday. Always falls on Friday. ? It commemorates（纪 念） the crucifixion （酷刑） and death of Jesus.
? Celebrated on the Sunday immediately following Good Friday. It is celebrated to commemorate the resurrection（复活） of Jesus Christ. Christians believe it occurred on the third day after Jesus’ crucifixion. ? People paint Easter eggs with bright colors. Many places organize egg hunts for kids. Egg hunts essentially involve hunting for hidden plastic eggs that contain candy.
? It is a Jewish holiday. Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish year called Nisan. It celebrates the survival of the Jews in Egypt. Jews celebrate it with a special ritual dinner called “Seder”.
来参加聚会的人不一定都是犹太人,但是每个人都必须参与诵读。这段故事详 细讲述了犹太人出埃及的整个过程，包括摩西接受上帝的旨意，十灾（血灾、 蛙灾、虱灾、蝇灾、瘟疫、疮灾、雹灾、蝗灾、黑暗之灾、头生子之灾）胁迫 法老放走埃及人，辟红海出埃及。（可以参见浅显易懂版的出埃及记－－动画 片《埃及王子》。）边诵读还要边按仪式喝酒、吃芫蓿、苦菜、无酵饼。在古 代，犹太人会在仪式中喝4杯酒。念完这些故事和唱一些希伯来语的歌曲以后， 才是正式的晚餐。晚餐一般会吃一些传统的犹太佳肴。 吃完饭以后，还要读最后一段话。在之前的仪式中，有一块用布包好的无 酵饼由领读人看守，最小的孩子要想方设法偷去藏在屋子里。如果领读人没有 这块饼，那么饭后整个仪式就没法结束。他只有到处寻找，或者给孩子一个 offer，用讨价还价的方式买回这块饼。
? Second Sunday in May. ? On Mother's Day morning some American children follow the tradition of serving their mothers breakfast in bed. Other children will give their mothers gifts which they have made themselves or bought in stores. Adults give their mothers red carnations, the official Mother's Day flower.
The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special.
? Last Monday in May. It is a federal holiday.
? It is the first major holiday in the year after New Year’s Day. In many northern states, swimming pools open on Memorial Day. (Before that, it is too cold to swim.) ? Memorial Day commemorates Americans who fought for the country and died in wars.
这两个仪式在1868年合二为一，北方诸州在5月30日举 行这个仪式。孩子们朗诵诗歌并唱内战歌曲，退伍老 兵穿着制服戴着勋章来到学校跟孩子们说内战的故事。 然后老兵们就在市民的跟随下来到墓地。他们装饰士 兵们的墓地，为站在国旗旁边的士兵拍照。向空中鸣 枪，向为保持美国完整统一献出生命的北方士兵致敬
? July 4. It is a federal holiday. ? The USA declared its independence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776. It is a very important day in the history of the U.S. ? There are grand fireworks displays in many places this night. These fireworks are very beautiful. ? Several other activities take place this day, like parades, community/family picnics, parties, or softball games.
? Second Monday in October. It is a federal holiday. ? It celebrates the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492.
? October 31. It is not a holiday, but rather a festival. ? After it gets dark, children walk through neighborhoods asking for candy. Children are often dressed in scary costumes, such as a witch or a ghost, or costumes like fairies, cartoon characters, or whatever the latest craze is.
? On this night, children shout “trick-ortreat” .However, saying this is more a formality. In practice, no one refuses to give candy and children don’t generally play tricks. ? You will also see pumpkins outside people’s houses. Children carve faces into hollowedout pumpkins and place lit candles inside, so the outline of the face glows in the dark.
? December 25. It is a federal holiday. ? Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. As the majority of the U.S. population is Christian, this is the biggest festival of the year. ? Many people purchase an evergreen tree, and decorate it with lights, ornaments, and tinsel. ? Many houses are decorated with Christmas lights, and you may see animal models like reindeers lit up in front yards.
? December 26 – January 1. ? African Americans celebrate family, community, and culture. ? Dr. Maulana Kareng, a social activist, created this festival in 1966.
On Thanksgiving families get together and have a big harvest feast! They eat turkey, corn, stuffing, potatoes, cornucopias, pumpkin pie, and crops. Everyone gets a BIG stomach ache!
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