高三英语名词性从句高考专题复习（一） 一、概念和种类 在英语的句子结构中， 本该由__________充当的主语、宾语、表语和同位语， 由一个__________ 来充当,这个句子就叫_______________________。名词性从句的句子均为_________语序 __________从句 ( The Subject Clause) __________从句 ( The
2. 连接代词（9 个） ：what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, which, whichever 在句中作_____、______、______成分 3. 连接副词（7 个） ：when, where, how, why, whenever, wherever, however 在句中作____________成分
三、重点引导词的区别及具体用法 that、whether 和 what 的区别及具体用法 I know that he will come tomorrow. That he wants to go there is obvious. The news that our team won the match inspired us. The result is that we won the game. ★ that 用法小拓展 that 引导名词性从句时____充当任何成分，也_____词义，且引导宾语从句通常可以_______。 但在以下情况下不可以省略。 （1）that 引导___________从句, ___________从句, ___________从句时。 （2） 如果含有______或________的宾语从句， 通常只有第_____个从句的 that 可以省略， 从第_______ 个从句起 that 不可以省略。 e.g He said _______ he had finished reading this novel and _______ he would borrow another one. ★whether 引导名词性从句时____充当任何成分，词义为_____ 1. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS will be found. 2. We doubt __________ he will defeat the others. 3. The problem is _______ we have enough time . 4. It all depends on _______ the sky is going to clear up. 5. _______ he’ll come or not is not clear. ★ that 与 whether 的区别 1）that 表_______；whether 表_______ 2）whether 与 if 均为"________"的意思。 均可引导动词后的宾语从句，常可互换。
__________从句 ( The Predicative Clause) __________从句 ( The Appositive Clause)
1. How the book will sell depends on its author. It is a pity that you didn’t go to see the film. _______从句是在复合句中充当主语的从句， 通常放在主句___________之前或由形式主语_____代替， 而本身放在句子末尾 2. That depends on where we shall go. I hate it when people laugh at the disabled. _______从句就是在复合句中作宾语的名词性从句，通常放在主句_________ (及物动词) 或_______ 之后。 或由_____代替，而本身放在句子末尾 3. This is why they can’t get the support of the people. My suggestion is that we should buy a better laptop. _______从句在复合句中作表语的名词性从句， 放在________之后， 一般结构是 “主语＋____________ ＋______________” 。可以接表语从句的连系动词有_______________________等。 4. The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him. __________从句就是在复合句中作_________的同位语的名词性从句。 引导的同位语从句前面的名词 常见的有: idea, fact, news, belief, thought, doubt, suggestion; proof, message, order, conclusion, desire, theory, truth, word 等. 二、名词性从句常用的引导词 1. 连词（5 个） _ ： 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类：
_________（ 无意义，不充当任何成分） __________ （均表示“是否”表明从句内容的不确定性） __________ （均表示“好像”“似乎” ， ）
但在下列情况下，只可用 whether 1. 引导________从句, ________从句, ________从句. 2. __________后用 whether 3. 从句后有"__________" ★ what 用法小拓展 1._____(What/That /whether) was most important to her, she told me, was her family. 2.____ we can’t get seems better than ____ we have. A.What; what B. what; that C. That; that D. That; what
1. 毫无疑问……_________________________________________________________________ 2. 据说……____________________________________________________________________ 3. 这是因为……_________________________________________________________________ 4. 根据以上所提到的，我们得出结论 …… ________________________________________________________________________________ Finish the passage Passage A I read a report last night. It says 1_________ a lot of people died in a traffic accident. But I forget 2_________ the accident happened last Sunday. 3_________ astonished me most is 4__________ some babies lost their lives. However, I don't know 5___________ the government has taken some measures to deal with it. In my opinion, the accident has taught us a lesson 6__________we should obey the traffic rules.
3.China is no longer ______ it used to be . A. what B. that C. whether D. if;
what 引导名词性从句时在从句中________句子成分,如_______语, ______语, ______语。 词义为①____________，②______________ what 与 that 引导名词性从句的区别: 缺少成分即____语,____语, ____语时用 what, that 在句子中只起_________作用。 高考连接 1.(11 四川卷)10. Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we want to succeed
I. 主谓一致 1.When the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet .何时开会还没有决定。 2.When they will hole the meeting and where they will hold the meeting_____(have) not been decided yet .
何时何地开会还没有决定 3.When and where the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet . 何时开会还没有决定。 ★规则一：单个的主语从句作主语时，谓语动词一般用_____形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从 句作主语， 谓语动词则用_____形式。 由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句， 谓语动词用_____形式。 II. it 作形式主语和形式宾语
2.（11 山东卷）33We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know ______she’ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which
3. (11 辽宁卷）32.When the news came ______ the war broke out, he decided to serve in the army. A. when B. that C. whether D. what
4. (11 陕西卷)15. –I’d like to start my own business. -- That’s _____ I’d do if I had the money.
1. I think _______worthwhile that we spent so much money on these books. 2. _______is hard to decide when and where we will held our sports meeting. A. why 四、 B. when C. which D. what 直击高考，活学活用 你能举出多少包含有名词性从句的优美写作句型呢？试着翻译一下句型
3. (09 天津）_______ is obvious to the students that they should get well prepared for their future. 4. It doesn’t matter _______ you will come or not.
★规则二：当主语从句较长，而谓语较短时，常常将从句______，而用_______作为形式主语置于句 首。it 也可作形式_______。 It is reported/ thought/said/predicted that… It is clear/necessary/certain that… It is a pity/a shame/an honor that… sb. find/feel/make/think/believe/suppose + it + 从句 III. 时态问题 1. He said that he __________ （go） to the station. 2.Our physics teacher once told us that light __________ （ travel ） faster than sound. 3.Tom says that Mary ___________ (go) abroad last year and_________ (be) there for nearly 5 months. ★规则三：1）主句动词用过去时，从句谓语动词用过去的某种时态 2）主句动词用过去时，从句表示客观事实，格言，谚语等，从句谓语动词用一般现在时 3)主句动词用一般现在时，从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态 IV 名词性从句的虚拟问题 1. Is it ordered that he __________ (take)the examination? 2. We suggested that the meeting ___________ (put off) The smile on his face suggested that he ______ (be) satisfied with our work. 3. The order given by the commander was that they _____ until the commander allowed they to. A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop It doesn’t matter whether… It seems/appears that… It happens that…
3.__________ you say won’t change my mind. 4.I can’t catch __________ you said just now. ★规则五： what/who 等含_________意义， whatever/whoever 等含_________ 意义， 而 意为_________ IV. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 (1) The news ________Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true. (________从句) (2)The news ________he told me yesterday is true. (________从句) ★规则六： 同位语从句前的名词是一个具有抽象意味的名词。 从句就是其内容。 that 在从句中_______ 成分。 定语从句就是对前先行词进行修饰限定，关系词应代替先行词在从句中____句子成分。 方法：一看_____是否完整；二看_____确定答案。 1. The suggestion ______he raised at the meeting is very good. 2. The suggestion ____ the students (should) have plenty of exercise is very good. 3. The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years.
一、用适当的连词填空： （每小题 1 分，共 50 分 ） 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. _____ you don’t like him is none of my business. ______ we’ll go camping depends on ___________ it will be fine tomorrow. The question is __________ it is worth doing. There is no doubt __________he will come. There is some doubt __________he will come. I don’t know ____________ he will agree to the plan or not. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ___________ he or she wants It is said that the famous football star is not willing to play for ______ would pay him three million
★规则四： ①表示建议、 要求、 命令,坚持等动词 suggest、 advise、 propose、 demand、 require、 insist ． request、 command、order 后的从句谓语动词用___________ 注意 suggest 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时，insist 表示“坚持认为”之意时，从句按需要来选择时态 ②在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice 等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚 拟语气，即________________________ V 由 whoever/whatever/whichever/whomever 引导的名词性从句 用 who/ whoever/what/whatever 填空 1.__________ caused the accident is unknown. 2.__________ caused the accident should be published.
dollars a year. 9. Do _____ you think is right, ________ they say.
10. Is that ____________ you are looking for?
11. ________we can’t get comes better than __________ we have. 12. A modern city has been set up in ___________ was a wasteland ten years ago. 13. Do you have any idea _________ is actually going on in the classroom? 14. Danby left word with my secretary _______ he would call again in the afternoon. 15. He made a promise ________ anyone set him free he would make him very rich. 16. She expressed the hope _____ they would come to visit Shanghai again. 17. The hope_____ she expressed is that they would come to visit Shanghai again 18. We are excited about news _____ we are passing the flame in Shenzhen. (传递火炬) 19. It is very exciting _____ we are passing the flame in Shenzhen now. 20. What we feel excited is ______ we are passing the flame in Shenzhen now. 21. I can’t decide ____________ dictionary I should buy. 22. That’s ____________ he refused my invitation. 23. I am very interested in ____________ he has improved his pronunciation in such a short time. 24. Would you please tell me ____________ the nearest post office is? 25. ____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. 26. I would appreciate ___________ if you call back this afternoon for the doctor’s appointment. 27. It was about 600 years ago ____________ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. 28. The reason _________ I plan to go is ________ she will be disappointed ____________ I don’t. 29. The reason ________ he was late is ________ he turned off the alarm clock. 30. ________ he was late is ________ he turned off the alarm clock. 31. It was at the very beginning ________ Mr. Fox made the order _________ we ______(buy) more firefighters. 二、高考链接 1. However, he replied sadly, “No, Santa Claus cannot bring it to _______ she is now.” (12 广州一模） 2. Perhaps you see yourself as a lawyer, businessman, or even a scientist. _________ it is, don’t let it die.( 11 届高三级第三次阶段性考试) 3. When he did, I looked at my new step-mom and wondered _______ she wanted to hug me. (12 茂名一模） 4. _______ matters to the storyteller is_______ the story is heard – without interruption, assumption or
judgment. (12 湛江一模） 5. It left me wondering _______ was going to happen to us. (12 茂名二模） 6. When there was no place in the whole field left to dig, the rabbit dug a tunnel right to _______ the dog had been lying all the time. 7. For example, the agency found that whoever has more household incomes decides _______ or not it will be used for family needs. (12 广州二模） 8. These words touched the rider deeply. “Thank you for ______you’ve said, I hope I will .. (10 深圳一模） 9. When people are enclosed together, they are in ______ is called a stress situation. 调研测试) 10. --- I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to _______ should have the honor of receiving me as a guest in their house. ( 07 广东) 11. One day, he came up with an idea ______ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches.(08 广东) 12. We understand this lesson best _________ we receive gifts of love from children.( 10 广东) (2011 年江门市高三
三、语法应用 I don’t know 1_________ you have noticed 2_________ some students don’t want to walk to school. 3_________ can be seen every day is 4_________ their parents drive them to school. But nowadays, 5___________ we should realize is 6_________ the air is seriously polluted. Do you know 7__________we can do about it? I think it important 8__________ we should take actions right now. Here I have a suggestion 9_________ we 10_________ (ride) on our bikes to school! 11__________we can do it will not only have significant benefits for our health, but also help improve our environment. 12____________ we will have a better environment depends on 13__________ we can do for ourselves and for nature.
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