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高考写作常用替换词(精品)


写作常用替换词

★ 形容词: 1. 贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken 2. 富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off 3. 优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding 4. 积极的,

好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous 5. 消极的,不良的:bad = detrimental= baneful =undesirable 6. 明显的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest 7. 健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome 8. 惊人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous 9. 美丽的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching 10. 有活力的:energetic = dynamic = vigorous =animated 11. 流行的: popular = prevailing = prevalent= pervasive ★ 动词: 1. 提高,加强:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize 2. 引起:cause = trigger = endanger 3. 解决:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with 4. 拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate 5. 培养: develop = cultivate = foster = nurture 6. 激发,鼓励:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur 7. 认为: think = assert= hold = claim = argue 8. 完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve 9. 保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold 10. 有害于:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize 11. 减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten ★ 名词: 1. 影响:influence= impact 2. 危险:danger = perils =hazard 3. 污染:pollution = contamination4. 人类:human beings= mankind = human race 5. 老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens 6. 幸福:happiness = cheerfulness = well-being 7. 老师:teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers 8. 教育:education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing 9. 青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents 10. 优点:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue 11. 责任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability 12. 能力: ability = capacity = power = skill 13. 职业: job = career = employment = profession 14. 娱乐: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment 15. 孩子: children = offspring = descendant= kid ★ 短语: 1. 充满了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with 2. 努力:struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for 3. 从事: embark on = take up = set about = go in for
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4. 在当代: in contemporary society = in present-day society= in this day and age 5. 大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of

替换(people 1.individuals,characters, folks 替换(people ,persons) (美好的 promising(有希望的 美好的) 有希望的) pleasurable 2: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising(有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior 替换 good (有害的 有害的) bad, 3: dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换 bad, 做表语, 如果 bad 做表语,可以有 be less impressive 替换 eg. An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation, as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive. 4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most) 替换 many. 注:用 many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 同理 用 most, if not all,替换 most. 5: a slice of, quiet a few , several 替换 some 6: harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替 think(因为是书面语,所以要加 that) 7:affair ,business ,matter 替换 thing 8: shared 代 common 9.reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits ) 10: for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion 11: Increasing(ly),growing 替换 more and more ( 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用 increasing/growing.修饰形容词, 副词用 increasingly. Eg. sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth. 12.little if anything, 或 little or nothing 替换 hardly 13..beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful,
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14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换 customer 15.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换 very 16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable

17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb interested 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in 18.capture one's attention 替换 attract one's attention. 19.facet,demension,sphere 代 aspect 20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of 代 indicate, suggest ,fear 21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换 cause. 22. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth 23.desire 替换 want. 24.pour attention into 替换 pay attention to 25.bear in mind that 替换 remember have(注意 是过程的意思) 26. enjoy, possess 替换 have(注意 process 是过程的意思) 27. interaction 替换 communication 28.frown on sth 替换 be against , disagree with sth 29.to name only a few, as an example 替换 for example, for instance 30. next to / virtually impossible,替换 nearly / almost impossible

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

accelerate: 后面接名词,表示“加速”,中性词,好事坏事都能用。 adequate: “足够的”,用来替代经常被使用的 enough。 advance: 名词, “进步, 发展”, 用来替代文章开头经常使用的 development, progress。 advisable / sensible / rational: “合理的”,都可以替代 reasonable。 cannot afford to: “不应当做”,不是我们说的“负担不起”。 be alert to something: “对…保持警惕”,后面接消极概念。 alternative: “其他的选择或办法”,比如 an alternative is that… 就相当于 in

addition(除此 之外)了。 8. applicable / feasible / workable: 都表示“可行的”,用在政策、法令、手段等词

前面做修饰语,既可增加字长,又可以提高词汇水平。

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9.

approach / channel: “方法,手段”,用来替代我们经常使用的一些简单词汇,如 等等。

method 10. 11. 12. 13. 到。 14.

approve of something: “批准,同意”,注意不要忘记介词 of。 attach importance to something: 表示“重视,强调”,替代 pay attention to。 ban / prohibit something: “禁止,杜绝”,表达这个含义时尽量不要使用 stop。 barrier / obstacle / impediment: “障碍、阻碍”,名词,在写作考试中经常被用

capital / fund: 解决社会问题时一般都会提到需要投资,可以用到这两个单词,替代 Finance 金融 financial

money。 15. 16. 17.

challenging: “困难,有难度”,用来替代 difficult。 in such circumstances: “在这类情况下”,写作时用于总结某个内容。 considerable: “相当大,相当多的”,非常常用的修饰语,

比如 considerable changes 就是相当大的变化。 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. in contrast: “相反”, 用来替代我们经常使用的 on the contrary, the other hand。 on conversely: “相反地”,也可以用来替代 on the contrary,on the other hand。 copy / repeat one’s experience / success: “借鉴别人的经验,成功经验”。 critical: “至关重要的”,用于替代已经被用滥的 important。 currently: “目前”,用来替代 now,nowadays。 damage: 作为名词,含义是“损失、损失金额”,动词“损坏”的搭配能力非常强,和

表示物品或抽象概念的词都可以放在一起使用,因此可以用来替代 destroy。 24. decline: “衰退”,表示数字下降得比较缓慢,在图表作文中根据图表曲线的实际情

况使用,替代我们使用的普通单词 decrease。 25. 26. defect: “缺点,不足”,用来替代“shortcoming”。 demonstrate / illustrate: “说明,表明”,用在图表作文中替代 show,reveal 等

单词。 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. depict / portray: “描述,描绘”,在漫画作文中替代 describe。 deteriorate: “恶化”,用于替代 get bad 或 get worse。 devise: “设计,指定”,后面可以接表示方法手段的内容。 discard / abandon: “放弃,抛弃”,用于表达放弃消极想法或做法。 dispute: “争端,冲突”,用来替代 problem,argument。

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32.

drop: “下降”,用来替代 decrease。这个词表示下降比较快,如果再用修饰语,应

当是 sharply,dramatically,drastically。这三个单词一般都用在消极的单词上。 积极的用 greatly。 33. 34. eliminate: “消除”,用于写作与社会消极问题有关的文章。 emerge as: “逐渐崛起并成为”,这个词组虽然很短,但是含义非常复杂,可以用在

文章的开头,表达某种事物或社会现象从无到有,并迅速传播。比如 Internet has emerged as an indispensable channel for people to exchange information。 35. employ: “采纳,采用”,与表示“观点,方法,政策,法令”等英语单词搭配使用,

用来替代 adopt。 36. enforce: “执行”法律法规,通常用于作文结束部分,对某个社会问题提出解决办法

时使用。 37. 38. essential: “至关重要,核心的”,形容词,用来替代 important。 It is generally established that: “众所周知,公认”。

39. when the situation is reversed: “相反”,用来替代 on the contrary。 40. excessive: “过度的”,这个词在表达消极概念时都可以做修饰语,副词形式 excessively,比如 tap“开发”,就可以说 tap something excessively。 41. 42. 43. exchange: 这个词才是文化,教育等方面的“交流”,而不是 communication。 expand: “扩大”,后面接影响,范围一类的词汇。 facet / factor: “方面,因素”,写作时尽量避免使用 element,这个词中国人用得

不是很好,aspect 因为用的人较多,也可以避免。 44. 45. 46. 47. fail to do: “没有能够”,可以适当替换带有 cannot 的句子。 frequently: “经常”,替代 often,表示发生频率很高。 fresh / novel: “新的”,比如 fresh idea 等,都可以用来替代我们经常使用的 new。 fulfill: “完成,取得”,记住以下词组,fulfill the task, fulfill the dream,

fulfill the role。 48. 49. 50. give priority to something: “重视,优先考虑”。 give rise to something: “引发,导致…的出现”,积极消极概念都可以使用。 given that: “由于…原因”,可以用在句子的开始位置,后面接完整的句子,相当于

because。 51. greatly / remarkably: “非常,相当”,作为褒义词,可以用在表示上升、前进、发

展等积极含义的单词前面加强程度。
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52. 53.

guard against: “留心、警惕”,后面使用名词型结构。 household: “家庭”,这个词偏重的家庭生活中的设备,物质概念,因此,比如计算

机,汽车等设备进入家庭,就应当用 enter the household,而不是我们用的 home 或 family。 生活垃圾也可以表达为 household wastes。 54. 55. be ignorant about something: “对…没有引起足够重视”,表示没有意识到。 incidence: “不良事件”, 比如 incidence of pollution, incidence of fake commodity

等等,表示出现上述不良情况。 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. increasingly: “越来越”,副词,可以用在动词和形容词前面,加深程度。 indispensable: “不可缺少的,必须的”,写作时可以用来做很多名词的修饰语。 individualistic / selfish / self-centered: 都是“自私的”含义,可以交替使用。 inspire / stimulate: “鼓励”,替代 encourage。 for instance: “例如”,虽然这个词组我们经常见到,但很少有人在写作文时用它来

替代 for example。 61. 62. 63. instruct: “教育”,名词形式为 instruction,同 educate,education 交替使用。 intend to do: “计划,打算”,可以替代 be going to 等词组,表达做事的意愿。 make investment into: “投资,投入”,投资是解决社会问题的一个核心方式,因

此这个词组在英语写作中经常会用到。 64. issue: “问题”,中性词,我们平常使用的 problem 是贬义词,因此比如网络问题

等词组都应当用 issue 来表达。 65. 66. launch a campaign to do something: “大力开展…活动”。 maintain: “一贯认为,坚持认为”,一般写成 somebody maintains that,后面使

用完整的句子,用来替代 think, believe。 67. 68. major: “主要的”,用来替代 main。 major / primary concern: “主要关注点”,名词, 要说 something is somebody’s major concern。 69. 70. 71. misleading: “误导的,错误的”,替代 wrong。 observe: “遵守”,后面接名词,如法律法规等。 be out of / be short of: “耗尽”/“短缺”,用来替代 lack,同时提醒大家 lack

这个词的动词形式在英语中使用的很少。 72. outlook: “前景,未来”,用来替代 future。当然,如果用 future,就可以加个修

饰语,比如 foreseeable future 等等。
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73. 74.

plummet / slump: “急剧下降”,图表作文中使用较多。 popularize: “推广,普及”,很常用的单词,后面接知识,道理,方法,法律法规

等各种词汇。 75. possess: “拥有”,用于替代 have,既可以表示拥有具体事物,也可以说拥有抽象

品质,特征。 76. 77. poverty-stricken: “贫困的,低收入的”,替代 poor。 practice: “(广泛,大范围)的从事”,常与 laws and regulations, policy 或其

他类似范畴的单词连用,用来替代 carry out。 78. profit: “好处”,这个词本来是指经济上的利润,但现在可以用来替代 benefit,

表示广义的好处。 79. progress: “发展,进步”,可以同 advance 交替使用,以避免重复,并可以替代 development。 80. a range of / a series of / a string of: “一系列”,特别是后两个单词通常都

可以用在消极概念前边,可以用作修饰语,增加文章长度。 81. relieve: “减轻,缓解”,用于消极概念前,

词组为 relieve somebody of something“消除某人的…。 82. 83. soar: “迅速上升”,用于图表作文。 strongly recommend that somebody should do something: “强烈要求,建议”,

这个词的语气其实很强。 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. remain: “一直处于某状态”,后面一般使用形容词。 remedy: “补救措施,解决办法”,用于替代 solution。 resolve difference: “消除分歧,差异”,常用写作词组。 rewarding: “有收效,有回报的”,用在方法手段或政策法规的内容上。 shrink: 过去式和过去分词为 shrank,shrunk,“缩小,减少”,用来替代我们经常

使用的 decrease。 89. slight 90. slight / slightly: “稍微,有点”,这个词可以在我们写作文时做修饰语,比如 difference 或 drop slightly,起到增加字长和提高单词水平的作用。 strategy: “策略”,其实也就是“方法手段”的含义,自然就可以替代 method,way

等单词。 91. 92. strengthen: “加强,巩固,改善”,同 improve 交替使用,以避免重复。 sufficient: “足够的”,用在资金,资源等单词前做修饰语,替代 enough。
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93.

system: 这个词的搭配能力非常强,比如 educational system, legal system, system 等等,只要形容词后面加上这个词,其实就成了形容词本身可以变化的名

economic

词,上面三个例子就可以理解为教育,法律或者经济。 94. 95. 96. threaten: “威胁到,危及”,后面接诸如环境,发展,进步等单词。 traditionally: “过去”,用于替代 in the past。 when it comes to something: “当我们谈到…时”,用于文章开头。

自如表达: 自如表达:30 个最经典的替换词 1.individuals,characters, folks 替换(people ,persons) 2: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising(有希望的), perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior 替换 good 3:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换 bad 如果 bad 做表语,可以有 be less impressive 替换 eg. An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying

romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive. 4. (an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of , a host of, many, if not most)替换 many. 注:用 many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 同理 用 most, if not all ,替换 most. 5: a slice of, quiet a few , several 替换 some 6: harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替 think 7: affair ,business ,matter 替换 thing 8: shared 代 common 9.reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits ) 10:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion 11:Increasing(ly),growing 替换 more and more( 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。 所以当修饰名词时用 increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用 increasingly.
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(因为是书面语,所以要加 that)

Eg. sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth. 12.little if anything, 或 little or nothing 替换 hardly 13..beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful, 14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换 customer 15.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换 very 16. hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable 17. sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in 18.capture one's attention 替换 attract one's attention. 19.facet,demension,sphere 代 aspect 20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of 代 indicate, suggest ,fear 21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换 cause. 22. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth 23.desire 替换 want. 24.pour attention into 替换 pay attention to 25.bear in mind that 替换 remember 26. enjoy, possess 替换 have(注意 process 是过程的意思) 27. interaction 替换 communication 28.frown on sth 替换 be against , disagree with sth 29.to name only a few, as an example 替换 for example, for instance 30. next to / virtually impossible,替换 nearly / almost impossible

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