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定语从句表格


I. 定语从句起了形容词的作用,在句中修饰一个名词或代词。被修饰的词叫做先行词,引导定语从句的词 叫关系词,他的作用一是放在先行词与定语从句中间起了连接作用,二是在从句中担当一个成分. 关系词 who whom whose 关系代词 that which as when 关系副词 where why 先行词 从句成分 人 人 主语 宾语 例句 1. Do you know the

man who is talking with your mother? 1. Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working. 2. The boy (whom) she loved died in the war. 1.I like those books whose topics are about history.2.The boy whose father works abroad is my desk mate. 1. A plane is a machine that can fly. 2. She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much. 1. The book (which) I gave you is worth $10. 2. The picture which was about the accident was terrible. 1. He is such a person as is respected by all of us. This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. I will never forget the day when we met there. This is the house where I was born. I can’t imagine the reason why he turned down my offer. 2. as 做宾语一般不省略 可用 on which 可用 in which 可用 for which
whom, which 和 that 在从句 中做宾语时,常可以省略, 但介词提前时后面关系代 词不能省略,也不可以用 that

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人,物 定语 人,物 主语,宾语 物 主语,宾语

人,物 主语,宾语 时间 地点 原因 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

II. that 与 which, who, whom 的用法区别: 情况 用法说明 例句

1. He told me everything that he knows. 1. 先行词为 all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much,等 2. All the books that you offered has been 不定代词时。 2. 先行词被 all, given out. any, every, each, much, little, no, 3. This is the best film that I have ever read. some, few 等修饰时。 3. 先行 4. We talked about the persons and things 只用 that 的情况 词有形容词最高级和序数词修 that we remembered. 饰时。 4. 先行词既指人又指 5. He is the only man that I want to see. 物时。 5. 先行词被 the only, 6. Who is the man that is making a speech? the very 修饰时。 6. 句中已 经有 who 或 which 时,为了避 免重复时。 1.在非限制性定语从句中,只 1. He has a son, who has gone abroad for further study. 能用 which 指代物,用 who/whom 指人 2. 在由“介词+关系代词”引导的 2. I like the person to whom the teacher is 只用 which, who, 定语从句中,只能用 which 指 talking. whom 的情况 物,whom 指人。 3. Those who respect others are usually respected by others. 3 先行词为 those, one, he,anyone 时多用 who。

1.The place ____interested me most was the Children's Palace.A. Which B. where C. what D. in which 2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 3.This is the hotel _______last month. A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed 4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?A.which B. that C.when D on which 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which 7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory___we are working.A. where B. that C.which D. there 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked 9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which 11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ___sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him 20.He talked a lot about things and persons __they remembered in the school.A which B. that C. whom D. what 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. A. which B. that C. whom D. who 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women.A. them B. which C. whom D. who 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./ 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after 31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B .that; why C. for that; that D.for which;what


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