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考研英语词汇 词根+联想记忆


词根+联想记忆 考研英语词汇 词根 联想记忆
?n? 1、a、 ① 加 单词 词 交 关 , " , , ) ) :immoral hC ) ) ; " (a+centric D4 (a+moral hC (a+political x (a+nomal 单词 , " …,… (a+sleep …觉) (a+head 头) (a+live % ) (a+wash …$ ) 词 , " 去"“ ,变 , 去““ “ ) (ab+normal +ous) " 过词缀 f f 过词缀认识单词 ( 缀 )

applause 鼓 appreciate

(ap+pease 赞扬→‰n‰? 赞扬→鼓 (ap+point _ →?_?q ) →?a? )



赏(ap+reci 价值+ate→‰n‰? 给价→?? 赏) (ar+range ,阻止(ar+rest →G 达

appoint _q , arrange a arrest j˙

→?? 让动→?j?? ) 边→达 标)

arrive G 达(ar+rive

acentric tD4 asocial ?E amoral hC… apolitical. anemia ② 加

assault 进攻(as+saul d →d?^ 来→进攻) assiduous 奋 (as+sid +uous→‰n‰??→?? →? 奋) [学习] ) 团队→联 ) →?? ) +ate→… 为 →???} ) assist 帮 (as+sist →?? 过来→帮 (as+simil (as+sure q

(a+social ?E 交

associate 联 ,结 (as+soci E 团+ate→结 assimilate ¤…~; assure &q ; attach `} ;

→‰n??‰????q ) →?&?q →获 ) →??O )

asleep …? aside

恋(at+tach g 角→?g 触

边 (a+side ? 边)

attain 达 ;获 (at+tain u attend(at+tend 关 attract ¤_ ( 4、ad-加 、 加 →关

ahead 2[ alive % awash .9 滥

→? 过来→?¨‰_ ) 单词 词 , " …,加强…" ,加强 ) 来→? 纳) ) )

attest 证实(at+test 试验→‰n‰? 试验→证实) adapt 适应(ad+apt adept …? (ad+ept 练 adopt …~ ; 养 ) adjacent 邻 adjoin 贴 ; administrate 管 →?÷? 开→?4??‰??? ) →?? 适应

2、ab-,abs-加 、 加 abnormal

abuse 滥 (ab+use / →?/?’ →滥 ) absorb ¤…~(ab+sorb ¤…~→?¨…~S ) absent 缺 abject 可 abstract ? (ab+sent ? 现→没 (ab+ject ? →??S →可 ; (abs+cond (abs+tract 现→缺 ) abduct 诱拐(ab+duct _ 导→‰_?& →诱拐)

→??? ?!??? 练 ) →…?

纳(ad+opt 选择→选 (ad+jacent 躺→躺

adhere 坚 (ad+here c →?c‰?‰n?^ ) →坚 →邻 连(ad+join 参加→参加 ;执 (ad+ministr →惊 ;羡 ) +ate→[将来 ]^? 现→预 ) →贴 ) 长+ate→? ?? 长→管

abstain 戒绝(abs+tain u abscond $f

→??‰??u? →戒绝) →‰??^ 来→?$f )

admire 羡 (ad+mire 惊 adjust 调 (ad+just+ , 词

adumbrate 预 (ad+umbr ^

abscind 废 (abs+cind 3V →?VS →废 ) abscise V? (abs+cise 3 →?3S →?V?? ) abstinence 节 ; ) 3、ab-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at-“ 加 、 , "n? n? "“ 加强 (ac+company 伙 (ac+cent →? ?? ) ) 来→积 ) ) 说 ) ) (ac+celer …WO ‰n‰??M → 加 辅 (abs+tin u +ense→??‰??u? →戒

→?X??? →调 )

adventure > 险(ad+venture > 险) admonish 告诫,警告(ad+mon 警告+ish→‰n‰? 警告) advent 来临,来 (ad+vent 来→来 5、amphi-… "两个,两种 、 两个, … 两个 两种" amphibian 两 6、an、 词 动 (amphi+bi ?/ , 谐 " , " 义(an+arch 统 (an+hamonic +ism→?t 统 谐 →?t?x?§? 义) →???→ ) 谐 +an→两个 车) →两 动 ) 车(amphi+car 车→两 )

accelerate ? accentuate 加 accomplish 强

amphicar …陆两

歌→‰n‰????? →强调) →习惯习 ) →对……?

anarchism tx§ anharmonic anechoic tC anonymous . analogy 类 ) analogous 类 analysis ?? 8、ante-… "2) 、 … 2) antedate ¤2 写 anterior 2) 9、anti-… " 、 … 1 ;类

accumulate 积 (ac+cumul g 积+ate→?g 积 accustom & 习惯(ac+custom 习 addict } 瘾, additive } 瘾 (addict ¤& affable 亲 afford 买 词) (ad+dict 说→‰n‰? 说

声 (an+echo C 声+ic→?t?C ) 声 (an+onym . 边, 开" 样 东 →类 +ous→???.? )

7、ana-… "错误, 、 错误, … 错误 说话→亲 )

adduce _ 证,举 (ad+duce _ 导→‰n‰?‰_ 导→举 (af+fable 说话→?? 断可 (af+ford u? →?&?q ) [权

(ana+logy 讲话→‰??? 边讲→讲 词)

→‰n‰??u?? {钱}→买

(analogy ¤& , " ; ,

affirm &q (af+firm 坚 aggression

(ana+lysis ? 开→?? 开来→???? ) (ante+date r= ] →?2?)? ) →?¨?2 写 )

,进攻(ag+gress & +ion→‰n‰????2?& →进攻) ]“ ) )

aggrandize 扩 (ag+grand 5 →‰n‰?5 →扩 aggravate 恶 (ag+grav G +ate ‘ 加 announce f 告(an+nounce fj appal &? 惊(ap+pal #? →[脸]变 →?f 告) →…o 惊)

(ante+erior[… 对,

antecedent(aute+ced & +ent→?&‰??2?)? →?2?! [! ] ) "

antiwar antipathy

战 (anti+war 战争) 感(anti+pathy 感 ) ) 论(anti+thesis 论 ;观 ) (anti+bacterial 细菌 ) ]V 类学 ]V 类学 学]V 类 ]…V¤ 学 , 会学 口 …D ,

gynecology[gyneco 妇 ,-logy…学]妇科学,妇科 gynecologist[见 ,-ist V ]妇科医 gynecian[gynec 妇 ,-ian… -(2) ? ? -( )fem; female[fem ? ,妇 femin ]?… ,妇 ; ,妇 质]?… ,妇 质]? 气质, 为]争 气, ]妇 ,妇

antithesis 对 ; antibacterial B 菌 antibody B

(anti+body *

10、 10、 , 类-anthrop(o) anthropology[anthropo V 类,-logy…学 anthropologist[anthropo V 类,-logist…学

feminine[femin ? ,-ine… ]?… femininity[femin ? ,-ality …… femininity[feminine(e)?… 妇 总称 义]??“ feminism[femin ? ,-ism 权运动 femme 妇 ; 12、be、 ,-ation . 词 ,-ous… ]V 口 …]&V? 居 居 , …, ]0 居 , ① 构 动词, "& ……为" beguile B 骗(be+guile B 骗) belie 盖(be+lie 说 ) bequeath 遗 … )

,-ity ……

anthropogeography[anthropo V 类,gegoraphy [– anthropomorphous[anthropo V ,morph ¤ ,-ous…

义;[-ism …e

anthroposociology [anthropo V 类,sociology E 会学]V 类 11、 11、 ―(1)popul ( )

population[popul V? →居 populous [popul V? →居 口 …XD ,

populate [popul V? ,-ate 动词 …. ,见 Repopulate [re-? , Depopulate [de-? 去, 去 口减 ,减 口 , , Popularity[见 ,-ity . 词 Popularize[见 ,- ize… , Popularizer[见 ,-er ]j

给,传 (be+queath (be+ware ) )

求→? 求给 来)

→遗

给)

]&V?G

besiege 围攻(be+siege ‰围→?? 围 beware befriend =? 对 (be+friend =

,popul V? →‰V 口,-ate & …]& ( 质]5 众 , ) , 众 ,

befool B 骗(be+fool ?

→?&‰V… ?? 骗别 ) →?B →S? 来→发 ) )

…](& )5 众 , ( 为]j ,

befall 降临;发 (be+fall S belittle …. (be+little …. …. 看 → 看

Popularization[见 ,-ation …e -(2 V? -(2)dem(o) democracy[demo V? ,cracy 统 , democrat[见 ; ,crat 义 张…统 义]? ]?

bewilder & …?? (be+wilder ?? ) ② 构 before 2) ; 介词 (be+fore 2) (be+neath ) (bene+vol } ; (bene+fit , ) ) +ent→??‰ ? ) +ion→???! ) 话) +ent→? ???!? ) ) 〕 ) ) →? ?!?k? ?? 处→??‰Q )

Populace[popul V? →???? ,-ace . 词

]?? ,

;"V? 统 "→‰V??? →]? ? ]? 义 ; , 义 ; 义

beneath )

13、bene- … " , " 、 benewolent ? benefaction ?! benefit ? 处, benediction ?} beneficent W” (bene+fact

democratism[见 ,-ism democratize[见 ,-ize… democratic[见 ,-ic… 统计学 ]?

(bene+dict 说+ion→说 (bene+fic

demography[demo V? →‰V 数, 口,graphy 写,记录→统计]V 口 demographic[见 ,-ic… ]V 口统计 epidemic[epie ,传 …X 间, dem V? , -ic… ; "e8V?XD ; ,时 ,- io-连 ,-logy…学]e‘ ]e‘ ]e‘ 学 学 妇两 ,阴阳 学 " →]

14、bi-… "两个,两" 、 … 两个 两个, biweekly 双 刊(bi+week …= +ly→两 bilingual 双语种 (bi+lingu 语 biennial 两 biannual n? 两 15、by-… "? 、 … ? byproduct +al→双语 )

(bi+enn ? +ial→两 〔 (bi+ann[? ]+ual→‰n?两 边, " )

epidemiology[见

epidemiologist[见 ,-logist…学 epidemiological[见 ,-logical…学 -(1 -(1)andr(o) androgyne[andro V androgynism[andro -(2 -(2)vir virile[vir 概 , 现 质] gynec(o) ]… ,ile ¤& 词 ,… ] ,gyn ?V

产 (by+product 产

byroad 辅 (by+road I ) ]具 byway ….h (by+way ….I ) bygone 过时 (by+gone 过去 bypass ?I , , , 气 by work ; 业(by+work 工 ) ) 边 过→?ó? ) (by+pass f 过→从 ,gyn ? ,-ism … 质状态]???

16、circum-… "环绕, 围" 、 环绕, … 环绕 现 , 2 circumcise 环 (circum+cise V →环 ) circumference 长(circum+fer 带来→ence→带来 圈→? 长) 界(circum+navigate Ie ) circumnavigate 环 气概,

virilism[见 ,-ism … virility[见 ,-ity …… -(1) ? ? -( )gyn(o);

circumscribe %? (circum+scribe 写→规 circumspect ….4 谨慎 (circum+stance circumvent C? (circum+vent & →绕圈 词 →共 +esce) 17、co-… "共 ", 、 … 共 , Cooperation 5? (co+operation ? Coagulate Coexist 共 Cohere `? 结(co+agul Coalesce 联 ; ; (co+al=ally 联 ) (co+in 进+cide S

围→?%?? ) →??‰?? →环境) 围 →?C?? ) →?5‰? )

confirm 坚 ;证实(con+firm 坚 condense

) ) 家 财产→没

结;浓缩(con+dense 浓

consolidate 巩固,加强(con+solid 坚固+ate→… 为 ) Conflict (con+flict , →‰n?^? →? ? ? ) +ence→共 (con+greg ?5 →‰n?^?a?? ) " Confluence 汇 (con+flu Congregate ?5 ????? ) Console a 进来→巧 ) 样→??? ‰_ contrary contradict (con+sole a

+ate→‰ ???^ 来)

→汇 ) +ate→???5G‰n?^ →

(co+exist ? , 巧

(co+here c →?c‰?‰n?^ ) →共 (co+ordin 顺 +ate→顺 , "共 " 共 劳动)

Coincide n? , Coordinate 协调: ?为 ;协调) 18、col-,cor 、 collocate 并 , co lingual /n

20.contra-… " 对, … 驳;

(contra+ary→?’??? ) (contra+dict 说→???? 说→?? 驳) →?&?H ;参考:

辅 词

contravene 违 ,违 (contra+vene & →?????& →违 ) contraband &H (contra+band /& ban f ) 对, " 样→达 ) 〕 ) (counter+act e 为→?????e 动→对 ) →???/?& →?A…7 〔 "“ +ion→?X?’ 结构→???’ ) ) 价值) →违

collaboration 协 ; 种语

(col+labor 劳动+ation→共 (col+loc [ (col+lingu 语 +al→? 语

+ate→??‰??‰n?[?÷) →? ? )

21.counter-… " … counteract 对 ;

collapse Em (col+lapse &E →?0???&E ) →E?m collate 校对(col+late collateral 并 colleague ! collegiate 学 colloquial 口语 correct 改 ,纠 ; ,并 →??G‰n?^ →校对) (col+later 边→al→? 边 绑→’? 绑 →并 ) →??! ) 读书→学 ) )

counterbalance ?? (counter+balance ?? →两边 countermand A…7 (counter+mand /& 22.de① … "去 destruction deforest 砍 devalue 降 应→?’???f? ) , ) 败 ) ,变 , 开,变 , (de+struct 结构;建 (de+forest t¨

(col+→league ; 学

collect …~?(col+lect 选择→??‰?‰n?^ 选择→…~?? ) (col+legi 读+ate→共 (col+loqu 说+ial→两 +ion→共 →?0?? 改 →纠 应→共 说→口语会话 →共谋) )

desalt ? 去盐 (de+salt 盐→去

盐 ) →去

collusion 共谋,勾结(col+lus (cor+rect

价值(de+value 价值→去 车(de+train 车)

correspond f

(cor+respond (cor+rig 改

depress 压 ,压 (de+press 压→?g? 压→压 ) detrain decelerate 减 (de+celer …WO ate→?&…WO ) + 变 decode 译(de+code · 码→去 码) →诽谤) defame 诽谤, 伤(de+fame . 声→?. 声变 (de+limit %q →加强 标 )

corrupt ? 败 ;变环 corrigible 够改

(cor+rupt 断→?0?? 断→变 +ible→?0?? 改

corroborate 证实(cor+robor 19、com-,con-… "共 " 、 … 共 combine 联 ,结 compassion v compatriot ? (com+bine

+ate→?/? ? →证实) →’?‰?‰n?^ ) →结 →??? ) 动→动乱) ; →5 家 →赞扬;参 记 →纪 )

② … "& ……为,加强"“ delimit 划 界 depict e 绘(de+pict 图画→… 为图画→?e 绘) design 设计;计划(de+sign →设计) +ition→划 界 →?q 义) definition q 义;清 (de+fin 界

(com+passion 爱国 (com+patriot 动→5 家 (com+mend w (com+memor 记 , 称

commend 赞扬; 考;recommend) commemorate 纪 commensurable “ ‰n?^? 测

+ate→5 家

23.didichromatic 两 (di+chrom 颜 ) 两难)

(com+mensur 测

+able→????‰? ① … "两个,双" +atic→两 ) +ize→?V… ‰(?? ) dioxide ( 氧 ) dilemma 进 (di+ox 氧+ide→‰( 氧

→?’?? ) 较(com+pari ?“ ; (com+fort 加强→[! +son→‰n?^???较) →?ò ]强 →?a?? ) 动→?? 动 →宽 (com+pact 压紧→?0?? 压紧→紧 (com+mod 动+ious→共

comparison compact 紧 comfort a

两难(di+lemma 争论→‰( 种争论→进 ,对 (dicho=di+tom V’ 开, 开" →?? 开 →扩 )

dichotomize ?…(

commodious 宽 ) compete

② … "& …变 , dilate ,

胀,扩 (di+late

赛(com+pete ? 求→‰n?^?- 赛) →?ò +ent→??G‰n?^ [ 东 ]→… ?? )

dilute →?‰? )

释(di+lute …$ →? …$ 开→? ) (di+gest 带→带 去→…7? →经过 华

component …? (com+pon

digest …7 ; diminish 减 ;

compress 压缩(com+press 压→‰n?^ 压→压缩) concentric D4 contemporary 时 (con+centric D4 ) ) ) 3 (con+tempor 时间+ary→? 时间

(di+mini …. ish→变 ,减 ) +

digress ”? 题(di+gress & →?& 开→”? 题) divide ? 开(di+vide ? 开→?? 开)

conclude 结 ;总结(con+clude 关闭→?0?? 关闭→结

divorce ”?

(di+vorce=vert 转→从〔

边〕转开→”??í ;参考:



叫 May) " ,传 (dis+semin 种 +ate→?c?? 〔种 〕 ) 费→?? 开 〕 费→??? 〔财 开→???4 ) 〕 ) →?y 〔 →?? 开

divert 转开) ?? , -patr(i); ? patriarch[patri ? , part(o); pater 长 国 ,爱国 义 ; , 义;爱国 亲 , 系 统 ,家长 风 长; ]] 妇 份 职责 家长 长 ;家长 ]爱 arch …¤ ,长]家长; 脑 ]家长

② … ?"? 开, ? disseminate c? dispense ? distract ?4 distend

(dis+pense (dis+tract

patriarchal[见 ,-al…

patriot[patri —→?? 国,-ot . 词 patriotic〔见 ,-otic ¤& 词 patriotism[见 ,-ism 义]爱国 unpatriotic〔un- ,见 〕 paternalism[见 ,-ism …e H -matr(i); H mater;

胀(dis+tend

→? 胀)

,… 〕爱国 爱国 为,现

discriminate N 别; ,

视(dis+crimin ?N →ate→?? 辩开) (dis+burse 钱 →从钱 去) 开敲→讨论) →?a?? )

dismiss Yc ;开 (dis+miss …e …e?? → →?Y?c ) disburse a discard 丢 , 27.dys-… " , … dyspepsia …7? dystrophy 营养 长, 工细 ,结 (dis+card 扔→扔

patenal〔pater ? ,-n-,-al… 〕

]家长

discuss 讨论(dis+cuss 敲 "

→?y 〔问题〕

metro

matriarch[matri H →??… ,arch …¤ ,长]? 脑 matrimony[matri H →?í‰] ,-mony . 词 matrimonial〔见 ,-al… 〕 matron〔mart H ,-on …V matronage[见 ,-age . 词 maternal[matr H ,-n-,-al… maternity[见 ,-ity . 词 , 会, 间" 说话) 〕 ,结 妇, ] 妇 ,

(dys+peps …7 ; (dys+trophy 营养)

+ia ‘ →…7? ???? )

28.e-,ef-… ?"? , 来" … ? elongate elaborate eject p? ]5…… , 长(e+long 长+ate→长 ) 没→?? 没 东 现→?? 现) →? ?? ) 来) 来→??? ? ) (e+labor 劳动+ate→劳动 ;

]H 亲 , ]H…

,掷 (e+ject 掷→掷 ,

emerge ? 现(e+merge p evade f? eradicate ? effluence ? 29.em-,en径) 显 〔 ① … "进 …XD , 围" 进 XD

metropolis[metro H ,polis ……;"H… " →…¨… , 24.dia-… "3 过, … 33 3

(e+vade & →?&?? 去→f?? ) ,灭绝(e+radic (ef+flu +ate→?y? 挖 +ence→???? )

dialogue 对话(dia+logue 话→对 diameter z 径(dia+meter 测 diaphanous q0 〕→?q?0? ) ;

→对

测 〔圆〕

(dia+phan 显 +ous→对

embrace 拥 (em+brace 胳 embed a? empathy 感 ;嵌

→进

怀 ) →进 →进 感 →进 围→?a?? ) ) →难堪)

(em+bed < 围; (em+pathy 感

dialectic 辩证 (dia+lect 讲+ic→‰(‰V 对讲→辩证 ) diagnosis 诊断(dia+gnosis jh diagram 图 (dia+gram→交 25.difdiffer difference diffident diffuse c? 辅 复 " , 词) +ent→???’〔 ? →?? 开 〕→‰???? ) →?c??? ) ) (dif+fer 带来→带来 (differ . (dit+fid , →?3 过〔 对 , 开" →??? ) 肤〕 →诊断) 画→图 )

embarrass & 难堪(em+barrass n 册,记

embattle y 军备战(em+battle 战 ) enroll 册(en+roll . 单) encage 关 笼 (en+cage 笼 )

enchain …Q (en+chain 锁链) 缚 ② … "& …进 状态 & & 进 状态" empower …| (em+power 权 ) 权 embitter &c 苦(em+bitter c 苦 embody 现(em+body * (em+boss =? (em+pyre →〔 embellish 8 饰(em+bell ?? ) 〕进 →?ì 现) →?8 饰) 、 阳→?空 ) ) 〕 )

开 (dif+fusc ;

difficult 困难 (dif+fic difform ¤ 26.dis① … " , dislike ? disorder t“? dishonest "

+ult→????? 困难 ) → 规则 (dif+form ¤ 状→?¨ 状

+ish→进 →?&?=?? ) +al→进

emboss &=? emphreal - 空 enact ?q enchant &? 顺 )

欢(dis+like ? 爱→???? 爱) (dis+order 顺 →没 诚实 (dis+honest 诚实 ) 证, 驳(dis+proof 证实→?? 证实→?? 证) 去 气(dis+courage # 气) ) ) 种 4 (dis+arm v8 →去

;颁 (en+act e 动→进

动→颁 〔

(en+chant 咒语→?÷ 咒语 险(en+danger ” 险)

disappear …7. (dis+appear ? 现→???? 现→…7?. ) disproof

encompass ‰围,围绕(en+compass ‰围) endanger &” encourage 鼓励(en+courage # 气→?&‰V 进 enlighten 启发,开导(en+ligh 光+en→给 光 30.epi-… " ….} , … }} epidemic e… epigram 警句,格 epilogue k 记,结 …. 围, ….k) k) " 话→格 ) 气→鼓励) →启发)

discourage &. disarm Y?v8 dispel 驱 ,

(dis+pel ? →?? 开→驱 )

dispassionate ?4 静气 (dis+passionate …激 discover 发现(dis+cover 盖→?y 盖揭开→发现) dismay 丧(dis+may

(epi+dem V? +ic→‰?‰V??? 围→???e? ) (epi+gram 写→写 (epi+lougue 说→‰??k?) 话→?k 说 记)

够→????? →? 丧;参考: ?!

episode n

经历,

(epi+sode I →‰??I?} →‰n 经历; 卷书 〕梗概)



heterodoxy 异教,异 )

(hetero+doxy 观

→观



epitome 梗概,缩 (epi+tome 卷册→〔 31.eu-… ?"? ,优 " … ? eulogize 赞 (eu+log 说+ize→说 euphemism euphonious 声 优 话)

heterogeneous 异类 , 37.homo-… “ 类 ” …

(hetero+gen 产 +eous→产

词语(eu+phem 讲话+ism→讲 (eu+phon 声 +ious→声

话) ) →??? ) 〕→优 )

homogeneous ) homosexual … homocentric D4 )

类 ;

(homo+gen 产 +eous→产

eurhythmic 协调 (eu+rhythm 节 +ic) euphoria b}? eugenics 优 32.ex去" ① … ?"? , 去 ? exclude expel ? expose K , (ex+clude 关闭→关 (ex+plse , 过, 去→? ?? ) (ex+pel ? →???? 去→???? ) →???? 去→???K ) 来→…? 高) →??? →???? ) 感(eu+phor 带来+ia→带来 学(eu+gen 产 +ics→产 优 〔

恋 (homo+sexual …别 ) (home+centric D4 ) →?&‰n) ?ù

疗) (home+gen 产 +ize→产 ” (hyper+active % 动 ) (hyper+sensitive ? 感 (hyper+critical ) 评 )

homogenize &n? hyperactive % 动过 hypersensitive 过 hypercritical I hyperbole hypertension 过 39.hypo-… “) … ) hypodermic 说) hypomnesia 记忆 hypotrophy 发 ) ① 来 ) ) illegal = illiterate illogical 5 illimitable t% irregular →?? 热) ) →?????j?f ) 来 ) →?/??? ) 转→???g ) →?? 断) ) 40.il-,ir辅 词 求

38.hyper-… “ 过, …

exalt &… 高(ex+alt 高→高 extract ?? (ex+tract

张 (hyper+bole ? →?%??? 高→’ 张) 紧张;高 , ” +ic) →还 论→假 ) 压(hyper+tension 紧张)

excise V? (ex+cise V →?V?? →?V?? ) exceed (ex+ceed & →?&?? →???? ) ) exhale ? 气(ex+hale 气→?? 气→?? 气) exhume 掘 ② … "2) 2) ex-wife 2 ,挖 (ex+hume ^ →???^ →挖 , " expurgate 净 ;删去(ex+purg …$ +ate→? …$?? 来→净 ) (ex 2 +wife , , ,

(hypo+derm

hypothesis 假说,假设(hypo+thesis 论

减 (hypo+mnes 记忆+ia→记忆变 (hypo+trophy 营养→营养

够→〔导 〕发

ex-president 2w 总统(ex 2 +president 总统) 33.exo-…… …" … exotic 来 exoteric 界 " (exo+teric→???)? ) (exo+centric D4 ) 气层) 异国 (exo+tic→从

“ , ” ) ) ) ) ) ) 责 ) (il+literate 认

(il+legal 5= 识

exocentric g exosphere 5 exodus 5>? exothermic ? 34.extra-… ") … )

逻辑 (il+logical 逻辑 规则 (ir+regular 规则 (ir+rational 5– 关

气层(exo+sphere 球; (exo+odus 5 热 , 过 "

(il+limit %? +able)

(exo+therm 热+ic→热 (extra+curriculum 课 (extra+ordinary 变

irrational 5– irresolute t 决断 irreproadchable irrefutable t 可 irresistible irrevocable 可 可

irrelative t 关 (ir+relative 可 拒

extracurriculum 课 extraordinary 格 extrasolar extraneous extravagant / extrovert …格 阳系

(ir+resolute 果断 ) 责 (ir+reproachable _ 驳 ) 拒 ) ; 来 : revoke …7 ) →说 ) →说 ) →? 觉) 驳 (ir+refutable 可 (ir+resistible 可 (ir+revocable 可

(extra+solar K 阳 ) →从 格〕 实〕 ) (extra+vag & +ant→?&? 过 (extra+vert 转→〔 →??G 〔

来 (extra+aneous…

② … “& ….…为,进 ” & & … illustrate 说 ,阐 (il+lustr 光+ate→进 光 illuminate ?? illusion illusory 虚 ; (来 , 觉(il+lus X +ion→?÷ 〔 illusion) (ir+rupt 断+ion→? 断〔别 〕→闯 ) 辉(ir+radi 发光+ate→发光→?? 辉) +ate→进 →激 ) 激(ir+rit 觉〕 (il+lumin 光+ate→进 光

extrapolate ? 断(extra+polate extraviolet ,预 " )

线 (extra+violet ? (fore+stall ?f

35.fore-… "2) … 2) forestall ?f forebode 预 ; forefather 2V , forearm 2V , foreshadow 预 heterosexual 异

(fore+bode ? 头→预 ) (fore+father ? 亲; (fore+amr 胳 , ) 扔 →预 ) →?^‰? 预 来) )

irruption 闯 , irradiate &0? irritate 激 41.im-,in;

forecast 预 (fore+cast 扔→预 36.hetero-… “异类,异种 … 异类, 异类 异种”

(fore+shadow ^

① … “ , , ” impossible immoral hC 5 可 (im+plssible 可 (im+moral hC ) )

(hetero+sexual …别 )

impolite t 礼 (im+polite 礼 impartial 公 impassive t 动 impeccable t immortal q immutable inglorious incapable t inhuman Vh injustice 公 光

) )

macroworld 宏观 界(macro+world …! ) 界 macrostructure 宏观结构(macro+structure 结构) macroscale 5 规 (macro+scale 规 ) +an→5???/ →长寿) macrobian 长寿 (macro+bi ?/ 45.mal-… “ ,恶”( … ( malcontent ) ) ) ) “! 关 ” →?

(im+partial …? 见 ) (im+pass 感 (im+pecc b (im+mortal > ) +ive→没感 +able→?t???b? )

macroclimate 5 气 (macro+climate 气 ) male) ) ) ,实践→? ?’?! ) 话) 满 (mal+content 满 为(mal+practice !

变 (im+mutable 可变 ) (in+glori 光荣+ous→?? 光荣 ) (in+capable … (in+human Vh (in+justice 公 )

malpractice =e malnutrition 营养

(mal+nutrition 营养) +ion→? ?’?! )

malediction 诅咒(male+dict 说+ion→说 malefaction ! ,恶 (male+fact (mal+treat 对 ) malodor 恶 (mal+odor 气 ) maltreat 9 malapropism 剧

incorrigible 积习难改 inconstant indifferent ??? ) innocuous tS inimitable t 可 insubordinate | 变 ,

(in+corrigible 可改 (in+constant 稳 →? 与

(in+different

误 (mala+prop ' 当+ism→[/ 词错误闻 ) 东 ) (male+vol ] (mal+adroit 灵巧 +ent→?’‰ ?] )

]'

当;来

(in+noc mS +ous→?t?S? ) 拟 (in+imit G… +able→?????G?…? ) 从 , (in+subordnate | 从 )

Mrs.Malaprop,)/

malevolent 恶 maladroit ? microscope 显 microworld microskirt microwave }

② … “g 内,进 ” g g imprison 监 (im+prison 监狱) impel 驱动(im+pel ? →?? 进,驱动) imperil 处 impulse implicit * 险 (im+peril ” 险) 动(im+pulse d 动→? 动) (im+plic G 叠+it→进 , 职 (in+born ?? ) +ate→进 开 →?× 叠→???z 说→储 别 ) ) (im+person V +ate→进 礼 (in+augur 预 ,开 →???" 别

46.micro-… “ , ” … 镜(micro+scope 看→看 裙(micro+skirt 裙 (micro+be=bi ?/ ) →….???/ →?????“ ) 学) →显 镜) 观 界(micro+world …! ) 界 (micro+wave } ) 学(micro+bilolgy ?“

microbe ?“ microbiology ?“ microfilm

impersonate ?" inborn -? inaugurate 举

缩胶卷(micro+film 胶 ) 车(mini+bus 公共 ) →….?“?ì 画 →…. ) 战争(mini+war 战争) 车)

47.mini-… “…. … …. ” …. minibus …. 共 公 裙(mini+skirt 裙

职;参考:augury 预 ) incentive 激励(in+cent 烧;激 歌+ive→?y???!?? 进去→激励) +ate→… 为团 ) →?????/? 灵感 , ) ) ) ) ) incorporate 5 并,并 (in+corpor 团 inflame &( (in+flame L (in+spired …?¤ …X 间, X X

miniskirt miniwar …. 规

miniature …. 画 ,缩 (mini+ature …“ minify & …缩 (mini+fy→….? ) minimal ?%O minimum …. minion V deminish 缩

inspired …灵感

indoor 户内 (in+door 门→门内 42.inter-… “ … ”

(minim=mini+al→??….? ) (minim+um) 称 〕 ) ,减 (de+mini …. ish→?& + ……. 缩 ) →

international 国际 (inter+national 国家 interpersonal V 与 interpose ?8 intervene 干 interaction ?^ ,介 (inter+pose

(minim+on→….‰V 〔

间 (inter+personal 个 →‰??D 间

→??‰?‰(‰??X 间) →横断) )

48.mis-… “错误, ” … 错误, 错误 mistake 错误(mis+take u →?u 错→错误) misspell 拼写错误(mis+spell 拼写) misunderstand 误 (mis+understand –Y ) misdoing ! ) (mis+doing ! ) →统 ) misrule 对……x misfortune b mistrust w misanthrope 愤 运气, (mis+rule 统 ) →? ?’?!? ‰V ) )

intersect 横断(inter+sect V’

(inter+vene & →?&‰?‰(‰??X 间→干

响(inter+action e 动→?’???e 动→?^ 响) 换 (inter+changeable 可改变 ) (inter+lude →‰??D 间 →?% 动间 动间 )

interchangeable 可 interlude( interrelate ?

关连(inter+relate 关连) ,介绍(intro+duce _ →‰_ 进) (intro+pect 看→?g 内看→内 ) →?? 进去→插 )

(mis+fortune b 运 ) (mis+trust (mis+anthrope V →???? ) 欢 (mis+hap 运气→运气

43.intro-… “g 内, 内” … g g introduce _ introspect 内 ,

miscreant 恶棍(mis+creant !V mishap 领) 49.mono-… “单个, 个” … 单个, 单个 6 mischievous 恶

introvert 内 (intro+vert 转→?g 内转→内 ) intromit 插 ,干预(intro+mit introversible 可 44.macro-… 内 (intro+vers 转+able→???g 内转 ) ”

剧 (mis+chiev=chief …¤ +ous→? ?’?!? …¨ 领

“宏伟,

monarch 君

,独

(mon+arch 统 (mono+gamy ]

→‰n 个统 )



outbreak n.

发(out+break 断

→?!?v 断

→?? 发) →?? 时 )

monogamy n?n?

outline n.5 纲;轮廓(out+line 线条→划 outmoded a.过时 55.over→单调 ) ① … ”过 ,过 ” 过 过 overstudy n./ 功过 (over+study 学习) (over+work 工 (over+act "? ) ) (over+dose 剂 ) 劳 过 过 (out+moded 时

线条→5 纲) →???f 时

monologue 独 (mono+logue 说话→‰n 个 monotonous 单调 (mono+ton 声 50.Multi-… ” … multilingual a. 样 种 , 种语 ; 功 样 种 ” (multi+lingual g

说话→独 )

monopoly 垄断(mono+poly→独家卖→垄断) +ous→‰n 个声

) ) )

overwork n.过 overact v." overdose n.药

multidirectional a. g multiple a.

(multi+directional g (multi+pile→??? →?? 功 动词→变 ) ) 介) →…? ) (multi+form ¤

multiply a.…;, multiform a.

(multi+ply

overproduction n.? 产过 overcrowded a.挤满 ② … ” ……X} ” X}

(over+productoin ? 产) ) →?G 叠) →???? [) →?? 过来→压 ) 为 ])

(over+crowded 拥挤

multicultural a. multimedia a. multitude a. 51.neo-…… …” … neonatal a.? neogamist a. neolithic a., neophilia a.?…E neologism a. neoteric a. 52.non-… ” , …

(multi+cultural (multi+media

overlap n\v.G 叠(over+lap 交 iverride v.? ,–

→[5i

]交

数;群众(multi+tude 状态→??? 状态→?? 数) ” ,? 时 (neo+natal ?? ) 头+ic) ) ) (neo+gamist 结 (neo+lith

会(over+ride 骑→骑 ;9 滥(over+whelm ?

overwhelm v.压

overbridge n.- 桥(over+bridge 桥→?}?)? →?桥 桥) overlook v. overcoat n.n ③ 转” (over+throw 扔→扔 检 (over+haul :”古,旧” 古旧 学(paleo+zoology 动 术 学(paleo+notology ? 论) 学) ) 学→古 学→古 (paleo+technic 9 术 →???? ) 视;…= (over+look 看→‰??}?) 看→?? 视,z } (over+coat $| →‰?‰$?|?}? →???n ‰$?| ) →战胜) (over+come 来→来 )

(neo+phil 爱+ia ‘ →爱 ;现 ” (non+existent ? (non+smoking ¤$ →?? 关 ) ) ) (neo+oteric ¤&

overcome v.战胜,克 “

词(neo+log 词语+ism→? 词语) 词→? ? ? )

overturn 颠 (over+rurn 转→?? 转) overthrow overhaul 彻 56.paleo … →? 过去检 )

nonexistent a. ? nonsmoking a.2¤$ nonstop a.z 达 na. 统]n?V

(non+stop mf →???m 达 →?z )

paleozoology n. 古动 Paleotechnic a. 古 传 Paleontology n. 古 学;参考:ontology

(non+chalant 关

nonconformist n.@…? 传统 ) .G 处” G G

(non+conform n? +ist→[

53.omni-… ”0 … 0 omnipresent a.t…1 omnipotent a.0

57.pan-… “'9 … '9 (omni+present ? 现 ) pan-American 9? pandemic ) →—? 为 ) 围

” (pan+dem V? +in→‰V??—??9 〔 →?0 景) 〕) 〕

(omni+potent (omni+scient jh

)

omniscient a.t…1… 54.out① … ” 过.过 ” 过

panorama 0 景,概观(pan+orama 视 panegyric 颂词;颂扬(pan+egyr ? →? ?????) 别 ) ) pansophic 58.para① … ?“? ,类 ,辅 ” ? parastatal 别 ② … “? ? …??< ) paradox N…? 说 (para+dox 观 逻辑 →观 官 边” (para+digm 显 (para+sttal 国家 (para+political x

→视

+ic→????‰n( →颂扬〔国

outdo v.胜过,战胜(out+do outlive v.%? outnumber v. outsize a.过 outwear v.3 outwit v.) 机 outbid v.? 价 outlaw n.歹 数

(pan+soph c? →ic→?c??—? →i?jh )

…长(out+live % →?? 过别 过(out+number 数 ) (out+size < 围→?< 围 (out+wear 3 →?3???f [ ]) 胜(out+wit 机 (V →机

) ) →‰??? 边显 边 观 给〔别 〕→ →?N…? )

parapolitical ?x ) ) paradigm <8 ,

)(out+bid ? 价→?? 价

(out+law =

→?????=?—?X‰V )

去.过时 过时” ② … ”? 去 过时 outside ad.) outgoing a.= outlandish a.1 异 outrage n. ,e (out+side ? 边→‰??? 边) (out+going & →?&?? 来→?4?? 宽→9‰V?=??? ) (out+land [ →ish→???[ 来 (out+rage ” 气→?? 气 ;…… 边→郊区) 7 →?1 异 ) →???? )

paragon 1< (para+gon 角→?? 边顶 paralogism 5 逻辑) ③ … “降 伞” 降 parachute 降 paradrop 空 伞(para+chute 降 ) ,空降(para+drop 扔 )

→?1?< )

论(para+logism 逻辑→‰? 逻辑边 →??…÷

outskirts n.郊区(out+skirts 裙 outflow v.? (out+flow

→???? )

59.pen-… “% … % peninsula ) 60.per① … “贯 , 贯 penultimate E 数



” 样→?? 岛) 终→’w? ?? 个→E 终 数 (pen+ultimate

prefix 2 缀(pre+fix 固 preposition 2? prepay 预 prebuilt 预 preamble 2

→固 钱) )

→?2 缀) →?‘????‰??2?)词) →?2??

岛(pen+insula 岛→?% 岛

词,介词(pre+position ? (pre+built 建 ,绪

(pre+pay

(pre+amble 跑→跑 (pre+caution ….4 →预 )8 ,`8

→?2?? ) →预 ) ]

终” →?q 视 ) (per+ennial ? →?0?-? )

precaution 预 precede ( 8 ) precedent 8 →?d?A? ) precept 规 precinct 区 precipice A ) →独具 时间

perspective q 视 (per+spect 看+ive→看 perennial 0? perspire ? permanent d 久 (per+spire ?¤

(pre+cede & →?&‰??2?) →[时间

→?0?*???¨ ) →??? +ent→?d 久

(pre+ced & +ent→?&‰??2?)? →???8 东 ) ;格 (pre+cept u →‰)?2?u??? ]→格 [. →预 →?< 围) , 降) ) ,< 围(pre+cinct

(per+man u

persist 坚 (per+sist percussion 敲 ) pernicious …S perplexed 困 perforate ② … “假, 假 perfidy ? , ,

→??G???k ) →坚

persuade 劝说(per+suade 劝→‰n?z 劝→劝说) (per+cuss ? +ion→?? 动→敲 perspicacious 独具 (per+spic 看+acious→?0?? 看 (per+nic m +ious→??m? ) →困 ) 孔→? 孔 过→? ? )

(pre+cipice 头→‰??2?)…÷ 尽头→???A ) ,仓 细 (pre+cipit 头→ation→?‰??2 头→降 (pre+cise V →预 →????? )

precipitation 降 precise preclude ? , ;?f

(pre+clude 关闭→?¨?2 关闭→???f ) (pre+cocious …? ?¨?2‰—…? → →??…?? ) 说→预 ) →?E… ) ( ) ,E… (pre+disposition …v →… ?v 预 贯 (pre+occup ^… +ation→优

precocious `…? predisposition 倾 preoccupation 0! →?0?! 贯 ) 见

(per+plex G 叠+ed→?0???G 叠 (per+forate

predict 预 ,预报(pre+dict 说→预

permeate uq (per+me & +ate→?& 过去→?u?q 过去) ” (per+fid (per+jur 发 ; +y→假 →???? 诚) 审团) 态 →??…^? ) +y→假发 ;参考:jury +ory→没

prescient … prerogative 权 65.Pro.

(pre+scient jh

→预

) 求→(…)t 权)

perjury 伪证,假 perfunctory perpetrate ! 对 别

,t 权(pre+rog

求+ative→预

(per+funct ?/ )

(per+petr=patr ? 亲+ate→‰)?? 亲 →堕 )

① … “g2 , g2

” 项 为工

→专横, 围,

progress 进 (pro+gress & →?g?2?& ) project p3? 项 圈→? 边) 围→?? 围) ) ,? (pro+logue 说→‰??2?) 说→?2?? ) 进;¤… (pro+mote 动→?g?2 动→?? 进) (pro+trude ? ;…? 练 →?g?2??? ) +ent→? ‰? ] 2) [别 ) → →???f ) ;工 (pro+ject+扔+扔 →?p?3 ;_

pervert 堕 ,滥 (per+vert 转→转 61.peri-… “ … perigon perimeter periphery ” 角,360 O 角(peri+gon 角) 边(peri+meter 测 围, ” (poly+andry V 种语 功 ) →测

prologue 2 promote

(peri+pher 带 +y→带

protrude g2?

62.poly-… “ … polyandry n? polyglot f 晓 polyfunctional 63.post① … “k) k) postwar 战

propel ? 进(pro+pel ? →?g?2?? ) proficient f 识) ) profile 侧 profess 公开 prodigious (数 (pro+fici (poly+math 数学; (poly+functional …功 ;轮廓(pro+file 纱线→?2?)? 条) 线 ,3# (pro+fess 说→‰??2?) 说 )巨 (pro=pro+ig=act

→? ‰??2?) ,? ) →[ [= ]2) ]获 ) )

” (post+war 战争) →??G?k?)迟) →?? →?k?)? →刊 脸 语) (post+graduate 毕业) 词→?k?)? →‰? ‰V孙)

5?? ) proclivity 倾 procure (费 prominent 显 _ 控) prospect 景 provident 顾 ) provoke 激 ② … “ procrastinate ) 8 ? ? ) procreate ? (pro+create 创 →创 →?? 儿 ) , 激(pro+voke - →‰? [你]2)…” (pro+crastin 0+ate→?? 许 复 → →激 [你]) ) ,2 景(pro+spect 看→?g?2 看→?2 景) 来 ,…远见 (pro+vid 看+ent→?g?2 看 →?? 远见 )? ,E… (pro+cliv 倾 ,获 ,杰 +ity→?g?2 倾 →关 (pro+cure 关 (pro+min

postpone ? 迟(post+phone postgraduate 5 学毕业 postface 刊 posterior 较

+ent→?g?2? →杰 ??

语(post+face 脸; (post+erity .

prosecute 检举;_ 控(pro+secu ? 随+ate→?随

→检举;

② … “邮件,邮 ” 邮 postage 邮资(post+age 钱;状态) postoffice 邮局(post+office 办公 postcard 0? postal 邮 64.pre- - (post+al) “….2 2 ,预 ” (pre+school 学校→?} 学 (pre+history 历 ) (post+card &? )

preschool 学龄 prehistory )2

profligate ) proliferate ,



,挥

(pro+flig ?

+ate→?y 钱



去→挥

) reincarnate ? ,转 (re+in +carn +ate→?G? 进 →?G? 进 权 →产 )

,M

(pro+lifer 带来+ate→带来 →? ???? ??? 润) →? →?? →?????? →5?? ) →?? 产

→?,? )

) reinstate GF reiterate G 复职 (re+in+state 国家,权 (re+iterate G 说→?? 复 (re+surg ? 说) +ence→?G?^??? →复兴)

profit ? 润,…~Q (pro+fit profuse 5 prolific 产 , ,亲…” prosperous 兴 ③ … “赞 pro-American 亲 proslavery 赞 proabortionist 赞 pseudo 假 堕 ,??

(pro+fuse ,, 荣

(pro+lif 带来+ic→带来东 (pro+sper ·

) )

resurgence 复兴, reverberate ^C 声, 声) 69.retro-… “gk , … gk

+ous→???????? →兴

响(re+verber ? 动+ate→?G? ?? 动→?^?C ” (retro+gress & →?g?k?& ) (retro+spect 看→?g?k 看)

(pro+slavery ?? (pro+abortion 堕

) +ist)

retrograd kk , retrogress Ek , retrospect C 顾, retroaction Ee ,

(retro+grade & →?g?k?& )

67.paeudo-… “假,伪” … 假 ,虚伪 ,笔 (pseudo+nym . ) 假东 pseudonym 假

动(retro+action e 动→?g?k?e 动→E?e? ) …? (retro+vert 转→?g?k 转→???k )

retroject gkp3 retrovert y …. )

(retro+ject 扔→?g?k 扔) 转;

pseudoscience 伪科学(pseudo+science 科学) pseudograph >.? (pseudo+graph 写→写 pseudology 谎话(pseudo+ology 说话→学科说假话) 68.re① “gk , gk ;3 , ” (re+flect 弯曲→?? 弯曲→???3 ) →??C 来→?A?k ) →??C ,缩 ) →?????? →???B ) )

70.se-… ?“? 开, 开,区别开 … ? 区别开” secede k? seclude secrete ? sedition seduce 勾 ; 动 (组织) (se+cede & →?& 开→?k?? ) 别 隔 ;隐居(se+clude 关闭→?? 开关→隐居 (se+crete ?N →???N 开→???? ; 乱(sed=se+it & +ion→?? 开 →?à 动 别 ) ) 乱) ) 来; )

reflect C retreat kk retract 缩 resist B reverse revolt ? resent ?

,Ak (re+treat ;…~C (re+tract ,B (re+sist 转 ,颠

,诱 (se+duce _ →‰_ 开→勾

segregate 隔

(se+greg 群+ate→?→‰V 开→隔 群 开)

sever V 断;脱 (se+ver ? 开→??”? 开→?V 断) select 选 (se+lect 选→选 71.sub① … “) ) →?? subdue u| , , ” →?u?| ) →‰?‰ 识 → ;减轻(sub+due 从属→从属

(re+verse 转→?? 转

(re+volt 转→?? 过转→???? ) , 满(re+sent 感觉→?? 感→?? 满) 动,“v (re+linqu ”? 开+ish→”? 开

relinquish ?e “v ) renegade A…7 ; ?c )

subjugate 镇压; (re+peal ?c →?????c →??…7 ; 参考: appeal ) 〕→??? ) 去→〔 为〕 ) +ate→????z →败 ) subliminal $ ?$‰ 识 ) submerge G 没,

(sub+jug E 轭+ate→?n?}?E 轭→镇压)

识 (sub+limin 门槛+al→‰? 门槛 没(sub+merge 没→?? 没 去)

repel 驱 ,击 (re+pel ? →击 repose ;躺 (re+plse reprobate hC 败 厌恶 ) resonant C 响 ; ② “n? , n? ” resplendent 辉 reappear ?? rearrage Ga reassure …7?FV 括 ) (re+cidiv S

→‰?? 〔工

submissive 恭顺 (sub+miss 给→ive→‰?? ?) 给→恭顺 ) subordinate ` 属 (sub+ordin 顺 +ate→顺 献,订购(sub+scribe 写→‰?? ?) 写 ; (sub+terr [ +anean→?[? ? ) (sub+terr 转→转 去→???? ) 陆(sub+continetn 5 陆) →?? 属 ) →订购) suborn …~ ,贿赂(sub+orn 8 饰→‰?? ?)?8 买 饰→贿赂) subscribe subside 3

(re+prob z

repugnant &V 厌恶 (re+pugn

+ant→[yV ]C

(re+son 声 +ant→声

过来→?C 响 )

subterranean [ subcontinent ?5

(re+splend 光辉+ent→‰? 光辉→辉 (re+arrange a ) )

现(re+appear ? 现) 虑(re+assure 4

subtropics 亚热带(sub+tropics 热带) subtitle 来→概 标题(sub+tropics 热带) 处(sub+office 办公 ” (sub+central D4 (sub+adult …?V (sub+acid j ) (sub+arid 干 ) “ …) ) ” 辅 词 ) ) ) subeditor ?– 编辑(sub+editor 编辑) suboffice ? 办 ② … “g g , D4

recapitulate G… ;概括(re+capit 头+ulate→?G? ?y 头 recidivism G: reclaim C recommend 赞扬; refurbish …g ; regenerate 改过

+ism→‰???S‰?? ?e ) 为开垦 )

subcentral g subaratic ? subadult g…? subacid j subarid …b 干

,C…~ (re+claim - →?-?C 来→???C ,

极 (sub+arctic ? 极 )

(re+commend 赞扬→‰n‰? 赞扬) (re+furbish 8 饰→‰??8 饰→…g? ) (re+gener 产 +ate→?G? 产 →改过 9

recompense 报 ;赔偿(re+compense 补偿)

72. suc-, suf-, sup-, sur-“ “

succeed

功(suc+ceed & →从 (suc+cinct

→… 功) →‰?? ?)??’??? →简洁 ) )

supersede XO ; 〕 ) superstition ? ?¤? ) 75.sus-… “ …) … )

(super+sede

→?→?} 去→X?O 〔 〕 东



succinct 简洁 ,简 succumb 屈从; )

(suc+cumb 躺→躺 去→屈从;

(super+stit

+ion→??‰?〔 ‰V



sufficient ? 够 (suf+fici suffer …o (suf+fer 带→带 苦 suffix k 缀(suf+fix 固 suffocate ? suffuse \? , supplant supplicant ) 挤, 求

+ent→‰?? ?)??? ??时 →?è , 够 去→…o 苦) 〕 咙 , 叠 叠 →??? ) ) ) →?? 求 →恳

” , 响 (sus+cept u +ible→???÷?u?

susceptible …o 感 →? …o?^ 响) susceptive …g…o ???g…o? ? )

→‰??k?) →?k 固 缀) →??? 去→???? , →种 +ant→双 盖〕

(suf+foc m 咙+ate→?y 〔 (suf+fuse (sup+plant 种 恳求 (sup+plic G

; 感 (sus+cept u +ive→???u? ? ??? →

suspect 怀 (sus+pect 看→‰?? ?) 看→怀 ) 看 suspend 悬 , suspense “—4 ;悬 suspire 叹 ,渴 sustain aZ ; (sus+pend —→’?‰?? →悬 ) ?) 决(sus+pense —→‰n 颗 →喝 ) 东 ) (sus+pire ?¤ (sus+tain Y

supplicate 恳求,乞求(sup+plic G 叠+ate→〔 求) support a^ (sup+port 带→带来 suppose …? , surreptitious 鬼鬼 ) surrogate 2e →2?±‰V ) ; (sur+rog 测(sup+pose (sur+rept ) 去) →??? 去 suppress 镇压,压 (sup+press 压→压

→‰?? ?)?Y? ) →?a?Z

sustenance ?% 资 , →?? ;坚 ) 76.sym-,syn-… “共 , … 共 sympathy v 〕 →…??? )

(sus+ten aZ +ance→?a?Z? 去

” ) ) 样→对称) )

+itious→‰?? ?)?? →鬼鬼 求+ate→? 求 〔

(sym+pathy 感

symphony 交响乐(sym+phony 声 symmetry 对称(sym+metry 测 symbiosis 共 来 状态→环境) 题讨论) synchronous synonym 义) 时发 (sym+bio ?/

→两边测

+sis→共

surround ‰围(sur+round 圆圈→‰?? ?) 圈) 围 surrounding 环境(surround+ing→?÷ 围 73. sur-… “ … surface ) surpass surrealism surmount '} surplus 过, ” (sur+face 脸 ) 过(sur+pass f 过→‰??}?)?f 过→???? ) 现实 , 义(sur+realism 现实 (sur+mount b →‰??b?} →??} ) ;加→???????? ) 费→?? 加费) →?b?ê )

symposium 专题讨论会(sym+pos

+ium→??‰?‰n?^ 〔讨论〕→专 时间 )

(syn+chron 时间+ous→共 →??‰?‰n?^ ) →?5… 选

义词(syn+onym .

→?.‰‘?’?义词) →? →? ? ) )

synthesis 5… (syn+thesis synopsis syndrome 综 77.trans横过, ① … “横过, 过” 横过 transcontinetal 横贯 transnormal ? transcend

,概 (syn+ops 选择+is→共 状(syn+drome 跑→跑

→综

(sur+plus

surcharge ` 加费(sur+charge …~ →额 费 surveillance 临视;看 survival b? , 74. super① … “ 级, 过,过 ” ) (super+sized …< 围 ) (super+sonic 声 (super+natural % (super+flu (super+cili I 感 (sur+viv % +al→经过 故

(sur+veil 看+lance→‰??}?) 看→临视)

陆 (trans+continental 5 陆 ) ) →?>?: ) →传 ) 过去看 样清 → →?? 过→???? )

规 (trans+noraml ,胜过(trans+scend ;违 (trans+gress & →横

transgress >: transmit 传 ?q?0? )

supersized 5§ supersonic …W supernatural % superfluous supercilious X DtV ?D?t‰V ) supersensitive 过 ② … “

,传 (trans+mit …e 横 → (trans+par ?“ +ent→横

transparent q0 )

+ous→?????K?? ) +ous→‰????I?}→?X 看 ) →负 过 )

transect 横 ,横断(trans+sect V →横 ) 变换, ② … “变换,改变,转 ” 变换 tranplant > (trans+plant 种→转 过去→‰>? ) 动→交 〔 ) 张 东 状) transaction 交 纸 〕→?q 写) 满(trans+fuse 〕 过去→输 ) 状) ;办 (trans+action e 动→交换

(super+sensitive ? 感

supercharge 负载过 (super+chrage …~ ,负 费 …}) ” (super+structure 结构) ,强加(super+impose }

transcribe q 写,转录(trans+scribe 写→?y 写 transfigure 改观;变 (trans+figure ¤ 状→改变 transfuse 输 ; →〔

supervise 临视(super+vise 看→‰??}?) 看→临视) superstructure } 层建 superimpose 强加) superficial 肤浅 (super+fic +ial→‰????)?}? ) →‰??}?) →监 ) 关 10 superintend 监 (super+intend 关 …}) 去→‰??}?)?? →

transitory

暂 (trans+it & +ory→?& 过

变→输 ) 状+ify→变 怪

transmogrify 变 古怪, (trans+mogr 怪 变 78.ultra① … “极 ” 极

ultrapure 极纯 (ultra+pure 纯 ultramilitant 极

) ) 动 ) )

undersea V undermine underling

(under+sea V ) ,损 (under+mine 挖→挖墙角) 属(under+ling ….V“ →? 属) 裤(under+clothing $| ) )

战 (ultra+militant ?

ultraclean 极洁净 (ultra+clean 干净 ) ultra-reactionary 极 ultraliberal 极 ② … “? ? , 过” (ultra+sonic 声 现 ) ) (ultra+modern 现 (ultra+mudane …O ) 气 ) ) 动 (ultra+reactionary 义 (ultra+liberal ?

underclothing 内 ② … “? ?

underwear 内 (under+wear 3$| , 够” underestimate ] 计 underplay 对…轻 underpopulated V 口 underdeveloped undersized 够 ③ … “…{ ” …{ underagent 2–V underofficer

ultrasonic …W ultramodern ultrared 红 ultraviolet 79.un-

(under+estimate ] 计) 写(under+play →没 够→说 够 ) ) 够) ) (under+populated …V →发 →?? 够 )

ultramundane …O

线 (ultra+red 红 线 (ultra+violet ?

发达 (under+developed 发 (under+sized 5

① … “ , , ,没 ” unreal 真实(un+real 真实 ) (un+equal ?“ ) ) 为 ) ) ) (un+fortunate b 运 ) (un+abashed 难为 摆架 (un+assuming )

(under+agent 2–V

级官员(under+officer 官员) 过词缀 f f 过词缀认识单词 缀 ) , , 开” 难(cata ”? 开+clysm ?…,

unequal ?“ unfortunate b unabashed S unassuming

?(?

( 1. cata-… “g … g cataclysm ?…; →5?B 难)

→?÷?ú…?? S

uncommitted …“— 责 unscrupulous Lt8 untoward b ; unconditional t 条件 unlimitted t% unambitious t?4 unconscionable t 节 官 尘 开 决 没标 境

(un+committed “— 责 (un+toward 顺 ) )

惮 (un+scrupulosu ….4

catalog X 录(cata g catastrophe B 难, cataract 5? decagon = 角

+log 说→‰?? ?)? 话→?X 说 录) 祸(cata+strophe 转→转 去→?B 难临头) →?g? ? →???? )

→?? 顺 ) )

(un+conditional …条件 (un+ambitious …r4 (un+conscionabe 0c )

(cata+ract

(un+limited …%

2. deca-… “= ” … == = (deca+gon 角) (deca+meter ” (deci+meter ) , 杀 ) 克(deci+gram 克) 灭(decim=deci+ate→杀 (demi+god ! ) (demi+lune ? ) (demi+rep=reputation . 声→?. 声 ) ) →没 尽头 )

decameter =

unfailing t 尽 , 穷 (un+failing …尽头; 败 unofficial unjust unworldly (un+official 官 ) 义 (un+just 公

3. deci-… “=?Xn … =?Xn decimeter =?Xn decigram =?Xn decimate 5

(un+worldly …!…O) (un+educated …教养 ) (un+civilized 0 (un+decided 决 , (un+chared 图 ” ) ) ) ) →?]?K ) ) ) +ed→没 标 ) )

uneducated …o 教 uncivilized undecided unalloyed uncharted 图

4. demi-… ?“? ” … ? demigod ?!?V demilune ? demirep . 声 ) demi-fixed ? 固 5. endo-… “内 ” 内 … endogenous 内 , (endo+gen 产 +ous→内 产 ) endocardial 4 脏内 (endo+card 4 +ial) 6. hecto-… “$ ,许 ” … $$ $ hectogram n$ 克(hecto+gram 克) hectowatt n$ (hecto+watt )

掺杂 (un+alloy 5l

② … “ 开, 开, unlock 开锁(un+lock 锁) unbind Y 开(un+bind uncover 揭开盖 undress 脱 untomb 掘 unearth 从 unbosom ]K unravel Y 开; 80.under① … “ … underground [ underwrite …) underline 划线 ”

unbutton Y 开钮 (un+botton 钮 ) (un+cover 盖 (un+dress $| (un+tomb b ) 挖 (un+earth ^[ ) (un+bosom →? 开

7. hemi-… ?“? ” … ? hemisphere ? 球(hemi+sphere 球) hemicycle ? 圆 (hemi+cycle 圆, 8. hepta-… “ … heptagon 角 ” (hepta+gon 角) 种语 ” (hexa+gon 角) (hepta+glot 语 , 头) 环)

(un+ravel 纠缠)

(under+ground [ ) 写(under+write 写) … (under+line 线, 划线, 为强调) 11

heptaglot &/ 9. hexa-… “ … hexagon 角

10. holo-… “0 … 0 holography 0

” 摄 (holo+graphy 写→?0?? 写 →?0? 摄 )

semicolony ??[

(semi+colony ?[



semiconductor ? 导 (semi+conductor 导 ) semicircle ? 圆(semi+circle 圆) semiautomatic ? 动 (semi+automatic ” (sept+angle 角) 动 )

11. intra-… “ 内,内 ” … intraparty “? 内 (intra+party “? ) intracollegiate 5 学内 (intra+collegiate 5 学 ,学 intrapersonal 个 内 (intra+personal 个 ) ) intranational 国内 (intra+national 国家 12. iso-… ““ , ” … “ isotherm “ 温线(iso+therm 热) isogeny isomorphic ¤ kilogram 公 kilometer 公 kilowatt + (iso+geny 产 →共 产 →??? ) (iso+morhp ¤ 状+ic) (kilo+gram 克→‰n?+ 克,公 (kilo+meter (kilo+watt 陈 ) 过,改变” 谢(mata+bol ? +ism→?? 〔旧〕变 ) 说→隐喻) →?“ 质 学科 →‰n?+? ,公 ) ) )

22. sept,septi-… “ … septangle septiateral 角

边 (septi+lateral 边)

september 九 23. sex-… “ … sexangle sexfoil 7¤ stepfather 继 stepdaughter 2? ( stepbrother 异 ( 25. stereo-… “? ? … stereosonic ? sterograph ??? stereoram ? ) ) ” ) ; ) (stereo+graph 写, 角 ” (sex+angle 角) ( )

(sex+foil 树 →???7 ; ) ”

13. kilo-… “n+ ” n+ …

24. step-… “k ,继 … kk k

14. meta-… “ … metabolism

声 (stereo+sonic 声

metamorphism 变 ;变 (meta+morph ¤ 状+ism→变 ) metaphor 隐喻(meta+phor 带来→〔语 〕改变 metaphysis ¤@} →?¨‰@?} 学) metapsy 4– 学,灵学(meta+psych 4 灵+ology 学科) ” (mill+enn ? +ial) (milli+meter→?+???X‰n? ) (ob+lique 9 →?í?9? ) →?? 记) →?G??? ) 阳 →??‰? 角 ) →?? 关 →记 15. milli-… “+ , … ++ + millennial n+? millimeter ? oblique 倾 学(meta+physics “ 质;

图(stereo+gram 写,图→???ì 图) ….” 阶级 国家 现 (supra+mundane …!…O)

26. supra-… “ … Supra-class Supranatonal Supramundane

27. tetra-… -“- ” … tetracycline - 环 (tetra+cycl 环,圈+ine …C ) tetragon - 角 triangle q 角 tricycle q 轮脚 triple q (tetra+gon 角) (tri+angle 角) 车(tri+cycle 轮 ) 加)

16. ob-… “ , ,加强 义” … oblivion ? 却, obscure G ) obsolete 钝 ; 17. octa-… “ … octagon october = octolateral 边 (octo+lateral 边 ) ” ; 角 楼(penta+gon 角) 图 ) ) (penta+gram 写,图→?? 角 (pent+penta+oxide 氧 (quadr+angle 角) 角 角 氧 角 ”( ( (ob+tuse 可 octo) ) 来 use→?????/?f →钝 记(ob+liv % +ion→[记忆]%f (obs=ob+cure 关

28. tri-… “q ” … q q

obsolete 过时 (ob ”? 开+sol K 阳+ete→”? 开

(tri+ple=ply …M

tripod q 脚架(tri+pod 脚) 29. twi-… (“( ,两” … ( twilight 0 ,黄 (twi+light 光→???# 光交 ) (twi+form ¤ 状+ed) (uni+form ¤ 状) (uni+que ¤& 词) →‰n 个声 →?→ 谐)

(octa+gon 角)

twiformed …两种 uniform n 贯 , unique 独 unison

30. uni-… “n 个,单 ” n … n

18. penta-… “ … pentagon pentagram pentoxide

谐,协调(uni+son 声 ” 总统 经 ” (with+draw

31. vice-… “ … vice-president vice-manager withdraw A…7 , withdrawn 隐 withhold ?f ?q?

19. quadri-, quadru-… -“- ” … quadrangle - 角 quadricycle - 轮车(quadri+cycle 轮 ) quadrilateral - 边 (quadri+lateral 边) 20. quasi-… “类 , ” 类 … quasi-official ? 官 quasi-judicial 2*=… 21. semi-… ?“? ” … ? semimonthly ? 刊(semi+monthly 刊) 12

32. with-… “gk , gk …

→?g?’??? ) →?A?k →?÷??C 去→隐 ) →???f )

(with+drawn (with+hold u ( 词

→?u? ?? 让 )

f f 过词 认识单词

1. acid, acri, acrid, acu=sour, sharp, … “H , ,锐 ” H H acid j

acidify j

(acid+ify…

→?j? ) →???j?”? ) 词)

agraran ^[ agrimotor 农

,农业 (agr+arian ¤& 学(agro+bilolgy ?“ 〔

词→?^?[? ) 学) ,改变状态” 变状态 〕 ) 它

acidity jO , acidulous j acrid +? acute H 锐 , acuity H 锐,

(acid+ity …质→?j… ) (acid+ulous …… (acrimony ¤&

机(agri+motor 机动车)

agrobiology 农业

;类刻 锐

6. alter, altern, ali=other, to change, … “) ) alter 变更,改变(alter ) →变 alterable 可改变 (alter+able alteration 改 →针 ) alternation 交 alternative ( 国 , 国 ) 国 +ate→?y 别 (amat+ory→爱 (ami+able … 当 国 ) →?? 〔 … ) 词)

锐(acu+ity …质→?H? … →?H 质 锐) 词→?H →?? 锐) ) ”

acumen ? 锐,聪 (acu+men …. acme 顶 ,顶 (acumen act e 为 acting "9 变

,改变(alter+ation . 择 ( ) (来

acupuncture 针 (acu H +punct b +ure→?/?H 〔针〕 2. act=to do , to drive,… “e 动, … ee e

,交错(alternate+ion) alternate 交 词 ,交 选择 ) 来 (ali+en ¤& 词→?)? ?[?÷? 国 →?? →…= 远)

alien ,

alienate …= (alien 远 动(act+ivate & …→?& …% 动) →实际 求]? →实现) ) 〕动→实 amatory 恋爱 amiable 蔼 , ; , ,温

activity % 动(act+ivity 状态→?% 动状态) activate & …% 动, actualize 实现(actual 实际 +ize enact 实 ,颁 (en+act→?& 〔 exact 强求; exacting 苛求 interact ??/ react 应; 交 (ex ? +act→[ (exact+ing) (inter ? (re ; 跃(in +act→?’?? 动→?’??‰??/ ) 应) 动→???’ 贸 交 ) +act→?? 动;

7. am, amor, amat=love,… “爱, 爱” 爱 … 〕 爱 )

→亲

amicable =? amity =? enmity 敌

(am+ic+able→?? 爱〔你〕 状态→?→?Y )

→?=??? ) 为 )

来→强求)

(am+ity 状态→爱

, (en 进 +am+ity→?5…enmity,爱 仇 ” 动医 (ambul+ance→?&? 东

8. ambul=walk,… “e& , … e& ambulance 救护车, ambulant & 动 ,

→救护车) ) )

transact

;办 (trans 横+act→横 (counter +activity % 跃) 动词) 词)

动 (ambul+ant)

counteract B inactivity % aerate f 气;

+act→???? 动→? ? →‰?…7 对 )

circumambulate 环 , 绕…@e (circum 绕圈+ambul+ate→绕 somnambulate 梦 ,梦 (sonm …+ambul+ate→…????& →梦 perambulate ? 历, (per G 处+ambul+ate→G 处 , ”“ ““ “ 9. anim=life,spirit, … “?/ ?/

3. aer, aero, aeri=air,… “空气, 气”“ … 空 ““ “ 气(aer+ate , 实 学, aerial 空气 (aeri+al ¤& aeriform t¤ aerology 气 aerospace( aeromechanics I 空

→?? 历)

aniaml 动 (anim+al→?????/? →动 ) 东 状→?t?¨? ) animate &…? 气, 泼(anim+ate→?&?????/ ) 词) ) +ous→5???/ → 个 → animation ? 动;动画(animate . inanimate t?/ magnanimous 4?5 ?4????5 ) unanimous ‰n?ù? ) equanimity ? 静; 静) animosity N →仇 ) →? ? ‰V →2?±‰V ) 状态→2?± 机构) ) ) ” →? ?纪 (ann+ual) 纪 (anni+vers 转+ary→‰n?转 (annu+ity ? 东 →?-?l ) →终 ) , 恶(anim+osity 状态→???/?K??爱变 →?? (equ ?“ +anim ?/ +ity→???/??? →?? →??? ? 灵 → →?? 复 →鼓动) ) 见 (un+anim ?/ +ous→[5 家]n

(aeri+form ¤ 状→空气 学(aero+mechanics 机械学)

气学(aero+ology 学科→空气学→5 气学) 空气→5 气层)

(in t +anim+ate ?/

气层内 )空间(aero+space 空间) →球

(magn 5 +anim ?/

aerosphere 5 气层(aero+sphere 球 4. ag=do, act, … “ , agenda 议 agile 灵 , (ag+enda … (ag+ile

aeroview 鸟瞰图(aero+view 看→‰? 空气 看→鸟瞰) ” 复数→? ? ?!?v ) →议 … 动

agitate 鼓动;搅动(ag+itate agitation 鼓动,

动(agitate+ion) (agitate+ing)

agitator 鼓动 (agitate+or V →鼓动 agitating &Va agent ?/\…C ; (co 共 剂; (ag+ent V?“ +agent→共

10. ann, enn=year,… ?“? , … ? annual n?nO anniversary ? ) annuity ?l →??‰??/ perennial 终 为 ;养 ;长

agency 2– 处(ag+ency … 机构 coagent 5? →???B? ) reagent

counteragent ?/

(counter+agent ?/\…C

(per …终+ennial ?

11. anthrop=man,human,… “V , 类” V … V →‰???‰??/应, →?? anthropology V 类学(anthrop+ology 学科) philanthropist ? 爱 爱家) 12. opt,ept=fit, ability,… “适应, 适 … apt …倾 13 ,适当 ” 养) 义 (phil 爱+anthrop V +ist→爱 家→??

应 ;试剂(re ? +agent ?/

学试剂) 5. agri, agro, agr=field, land, … “B[ ,农业”“ B[ 农业““ “ agriculture 农业(agri+culture agronomy 农学(agro+nomy 学科→农科)

aptitude 适应



(apt+itude …

状态→????? 状态) ?

ballet ”·|

(ball+et→?|e →??”??| ) 词)

aptly 适当 (apt+ly) adapt & 适应,适应(环境)(ad n? adaptable …适应 书→改写 ) inapt 适当 ; (in t +apt ) adept …? , 练 ; 练 (ad+ept→????? …? → 练 ) (aqu …+atic) (aqu+ose (op … →??…?? ) ,统 , ” +aque …→????…?‰n 样→???q?0? ) +apt→‰n‰? 适应〔环境〕 ) … ) 〕 (adapt 适应+able

balloon 气球(ball 球+oon .

bullet 枪弹(bull=ball 球+et→…. 球→‰? 弹) ballot p symbol ? 号, symbolize /? ; 号 础 (base+ment . 词) 础 球→垒球) ) ) (sym 共 ; +bol ? →共 (symbol+ize) , 础” 标 →???u )

adaptation 适应, (书)改写 (adapt+ation→适应→适应〔各种

20. bas,base=low, foundation,… “? … ? base ? basement [/

13. aqu=water,… “…” … … aquatic …

baseball 垒球(base+ball 球→建 baseborn ??? abase 降 debase 降 debased 贬 subbase . 层; 义) →家长) →统 →建 师) 件→ 东 〕 ; ; 质恶 (sub (re ,难控 备 架 战倾 , ” ;贬 ( (base+born ??

subaquesous … opaque q0

) & +base ? →?&‰??6‰ù (a →降 (debase 降 +ed)

14. arch, archy=ruler, rule, chief, … “统 统 anarchy tx§ anarchic tx§ anarchism tx§ partiarch 家长; 档 ) 师(archi+tect 学 (art+icle 东 →?/?9 巧 词) →统 〔 状态(an t +archy) 义 (anarchy+ic) 义 (an t +arch+ism 东 长(parti ? 亲+arch→?? 亲统 →统

+base→?[?.? ? ?[?. ) ” +bell +ion→??? →???? )

21. bell,bel=war, fight,… “战争, … 战争, 战争 rebellion ? rebel ? rebellious B 交战 ) bellicism ? 战 , →?“?ì ) belligerent 交战 ,

archives 档 (arch+ives … architect 建

(belli+ger 带来→ent→带来战争→

architecture 建 ; ;狡

15. art=skill, joint, trick, … “9 巧,关节,诡计 巧,关节,诡计” article “ artful 巧 东 (art+ful→?? 满诡计 ) (artifice 9 巧+ial→?/?9 巧 )

22. bio,bi=life,… “?/ ?/ … bilographer 传记 →‰V biochemistry ?“ autobiography 传 学

biography 传记(bio+graphy 写→写

→传记)

artistry 艺术 巧(artist+ry . artificial V 工 工 ) , artisan 工 ;矫

工(artu+san V →?9 巧 东 ,

→工

biosphere ?“ biocide 杀 microbe ?“ 剂

圈(bio+sphere 圈→???/ 圈) (micro …. +be=bi ?/ )

artifact 工艺 (arti+fact ?

实→‰V?à?“ →工艺 ) 学科)

16. astro,aster=star,… “…… … ……” …… astrononmy astrospace ? astronaut ?I , 学(astro+nomy 学科→研究 空间(astro+space 空间) 员(astro+naut Ie 状 (astr+al) 祸(dis +ester …→… ?‘??? , 难) 员) 学) 学(astro+physics “–

23. brev, bridg=short,… “ ,缩 ” … brevity brief 简 briefness 暂;简洁 “‰ ,降临” ‰ →?! 故) →?!?v 发 ) (cas+ual→?? ? ??…÷?a? ??? → →?:?%? ) 难(casual+ty→[% ]‰! +ion→?& …‰ 24. cad, cas, cid=fall, , casual :% casualty ! 故; 暂;简洁(brev+ity 状态→ ? 状态→ 暂,简 )

astrophysics -“– astral … disaster B 难,

disastrous B 难 (dis+astr+ous) 17. audi,audit=hear,… “‰ ‰” … ‰ audience ‰众;观众(audi+ence . audible ‰? 见 ;可 inaudible ‰ avid 渴 见 (in (audi+ible +audi+ible) ) →鸟 ) 样 →飞 员) 词→??? ‰V 众) →?? →??? 场 ) … ) auditorium 礼 ;讲 (audit+orium 场

occasion 发 ;时机(oc & +cas ‰ decaent 颓废 accidental :% coincide 巧 ; 件 coincidence 巧 incident :%! occident ` decay …lk ; →鸟

(accident ! 故+al) 时发

18. av,avar, avi=desire,bird,… “渴 ,鸟” 渴 … ,贪 (av+id… →渴 avidity 贪 (avid+ity 状态) aviary 鸟笼,鸟 (avi+ary …[ aviation 飞 ; 空学(avi+ator V →?? 鸟

(oc & +cid ‰+ent→?& 〔 败(de g , +cay=‰

阳〕

→???÷ )

→?g? S →…l?k )

25. cand=white,glow,… “# ,发光” … ## # candid 3# candor 3# candidate h 选 (candid+ate→?#??? →?i ‰V选 ) 14 (cand+id→?#? →?3?#? )

19. ball,bol=throw, dance, ball,… ?“? , ,球” … ? ballroom | 厅(ball+room ? 间)

candela 烛光(cand # ,光→ela . candle S 烛

词→烛光) 发光)

municipal 参加;共 participant 参与 ; (prin (oc ?? +cip+al) 盘→?^ 领)

candescence 发光(cand 光+escence 开 incandescent # 热 ; incense n ; 25. cand=white,glow,… “# ,发光” … ## # candid 3# , 热发光



→开

principal recipietn g…o occupy ^ 领; occupant ^…

(in 进 +candescent 发光)

+cupy 抓→抓

(cand+id→?#? →?3?#? ) 词→烛光) 发光)

occupation 职业; preoccupation 0! ; 长 降(capit+ulate … 动词→头 ) →?p 降) 贯 ;资 (capit+al→头 →…¨? ? …¨i → ) 28. cap, cipit=head,… “头” 头 … capital …¤ captain …¤ ; 领 cape V 角,岬 capitulate( 条件) ; precipice 悬 (pre 2 +cipice 头→?2?)…÷ 尽头→悬 precipitate 加 cardiac 4 脏 进; ” cardial 4 脏 ) 29. card, cord=heart,… “4 脏, … 44 4

candidate h 选 (candid+ate→?#??? →?i ‰V选 ) candela 烛光(cand # ,光→ela . candle S 烛 candescence 发光(cand 光+escence 开 incandescent # 热 ; incense n ; 26. cant,cent=sing,song,… “ … cant 术语; recant A…7 ; accent 口 ; 读 (in 进 +cent +ive→?y 〔 〕 进去 accentuate 强调; incentive 激励; 激 →激励) 27. cap, capt, cept ,ceive, cip, cup=take, hold, seize, … “u , u u 抓, ” , (cap+acity→?u? ? ??? ; →?&? 积 (capacity ¤& 词) +ate→?t??? ) 内 →标题) (in t +capacit (cap+抓+ion 抓 (capt+ure→抓 认 (accept+ability→?g…o??? ) (de +cept+ive→?u?’? 东 …D 间+cept u →?u 东 来→?B 骗 ) ) 语( 来 ,歌 ” 话→?s 语) 热发光 … →开 (in 进 +candescent 发光)

cordial …¤ cordiality 诚 cordiform 4¤





,热诚(cordial+ity) +cord→‰n‰???‰??4?} →记录) +cord→?4‰n 样)

record 记录(re n? ;

concord 协调;协议(con 共 discord discordance accord n? ; accordian …{ 风 30. carn=flesh,… “ , … , 求 →R? ? ) carrnal ; 节 carnival 狂欢节,谢 carnivore carnivorous reincarnate ? 具 carcass … cede ’ 让, accede $ 应, (re ? +cept+acle 东 ;构 东 →?&?, ) antecede e antecedent e ancestor — ?? ) concession 让 ; intercede 调 precede precedent 8 ; (anti 2 +cip 抓+ent→开 (in+cipi 抓+ent→开 抓→开 ) →预 ) 15 ) ; 抓→开 procedure ? secede 脱 ; excess 过 ,过 excessive 过 ;过 ; (inter ; , ; (ex ? →cept→?u?? ) ;残 类 ,转 协调;

capacity &

capacious 宽阔 ; incapacitate &t caption 标题; captive capture j˙ captious I 虏



accept g…o; acceptability 可

动 (carn+vore ? →????? )

conception 概 ,观 deceptive B 骗 inception 开 ,开 intercept 拦 , precept ” receptacle &, except ? conceive deceive B 骗 perceive j 觉;发觉 receive g…o; receipt …~ 据 conceit incipient 开 emancipate Y emancipation Y anticipate 预 ;预 (re ? +ceive 抓→?0?? →发觉) (inter →拦 )

31. ced, ceed, cess=go,… “e& , 进” … e& (cede & →?& 开→?' 让) (ac+cede→?→ 别 (antede+ent) (an=ante+cest=cess+or→?&‰??2?)? ‰V →?? →$ 应) (ante 2 +cede→?&‰??2?) ) →???e

conceivable 可

…D 间+cede→‰?‰(‰??D→调 间 →优 ) 东 →???8 )



,优 (pre 预称+cede→预 ;惯 (precede+ent→预 ; 续(pro 2

+ced+ure→‰??2?)?&??? ???? ) →脱 )

recede AC ;交还(领

) (re k +cede→?g?k?& →?A?k )

(se ? 开+cede→?? 开

(e ? +man …{ cip+ate ¤2 抓 +

proceed 继续进 , process 过 ;进

进(pro g2 +ceed→?g?2?& 进) →?2 复数→?g?2? ?!?G) ? …~‰?

anachronism ?2 synchronize synchronous =

错误 +chron+ize→时间 →? 时发 ) ;

时发 (syn 共

proceeds …~ ;结果(pro+ceed+s access g ; 口 ;可进去

37. cid,cis=cut,kill,… “V 开,杀” V … V decide 决 ,决 (de 加强+cide V →?V? 去→? 决 ) homicide 杀 (homi V +cide) →继续→继续 → insecticide 杀 suicide pesticide 杀 circumcise e’ concise 简 decision 决 ,决议(decide . 词) excise ’ 去,删去(ex ? +cise) excision 删 ,灭绝(excise+ion) incisive n 针见 incisor 门 precise precision · circlet …. , 环 circular 圆 ; ,清 , 圈 环 (circ+ular ¤& (circ+ulate→绕圈 (circulate+ion) ) (circuit+ous) 圆→?? 围) 词) →…? 环) ,锐 (incise+ive→?V‰V? ‰n → 针见 东 →门 ) →????? ) +cise→预 ) (incise+or→?V 东 (pre 预 剂(insect 昆 +cide) +cide) 杀(sui 6 礼,

accessible g inaccessible 难

succeed …功;继续(suc 随 +ceed→随 … 功) success …功;胜 succession g 连发 successive 连续 recess

剂(pest S? +cide)

;隐居(re C +cess→?&?C 去→??? )

recession Ak ;交还(recess+ion→?&?C 去→?A?k ) 32. celer=quick,speed,… “ , ” … celerity -…W , accelerate 加 acceleration 加 decelerate 减 deceleation 减 33. cent=hundred,… “n$ ” n$ … centimeter § percent $?X … (celer+ity→? ? 质→?-…W … )

38. circ,cycl=ring,circle,… “圆,环” 圆 …

circulate …? , 环 circulation 发 ,

percentage $?…^ 34. centr=center,… “D4 ” D4 … central D4 acentric tD4 centripetal g4 (centri+pet ? +al→?求 →?g?4? ) concentrate ?D ;浓缩 concentration ?D ;浓缩 concentric 4 concern 关系 discern N 别;区 (dis ? 开+cern→?? 开搞清→区别) discernmible 够 (cert+ain→搞清 ,发现 证 书;执 (certify+icate→证 ; 实 东 ) →?&?q? ) discernment N 别 centain &q ascertain q certify 证 ; certificate 证 certitude discrete ?? discreet 慎 secret · chroic 长 chronicle 编 chronology ?2 chronograph · (chron+icle . 学; 计时 16 词) ; (con 共 +centric→??D?4? ) 35. cern, cert, cret=sure, separate,… “搞清,区别” 搞清,区别 … 搞清

circuit 环 ;电 (circu+it & →环 circuitous QC encircle 环绕, cycle = cyclone bicycle e 风 车 ,绕圈 场 circus 马戏团;圆

围(en 进 +circle;圆→进

recycle ?…? 环; 39. cit=quote,call, … “_/ _/ cite _/ ; 证 , 证(cote+ation . 词) 激(ex ? +cite→‰_???v 绪) ,唤 ”

citation _/

excite & 兴奋, incite 鼓励, incitation 激动 recite recital 诵;

ecitement 兴奋(excite+ment)

诵;独 (recite+al) 复 ,叫 ”

(dis ? 开+creet 区别→?? 开区别→???? ) ,谨慎 (se ? 开+cret 区别→?? 开来 →????? )

resuscitate 复 ; 求;论断

discretion 谨慎,

40. claim, clam=cyrout, shout,… “??… claim clamor 哗;吵闹(clam+or . (ac n? 词)

36. chron=time,… “时间 时间” … 时间

clamorous 吵闹 acclaim 欢 ;喝 acclamation 喝 declaim 诵 说; 辩 +claim→‰n‰??→欢 ) ,称赞

declamation 慷慨

exclaim 叫 proclaim 公



声说 ;感叹 +claim→‰??2?)?→公 ) 告;

exclamation 叫

;声 (pro 2

proclamation reclaim …~C

reclamation …~ ;矫 复 41. clear, clar, clair=clear, bright,… “清 , 清 … clearance 清 ;清 (clear+ance . clarify …清, clarity 清 clarification …清;纯 edclare 称;断 ;陈 (declare+ation) (clair+audi ‰+ent→??? 清 ) ” 清 词) ”

declaration q

clairvoyance q 视; clairaudient …V‰ decline 倾 ; declination …lk ; declination …lk ; incline 倾 ; disinclined } proclivity 倾 ; 倾(de g 倾 (in 进 +cline→进 (dis →???g , 爱) +inclined ? 欢 ) “关闭 关闭” 关闭 词) 开→揭发) 来→?? 围) +cline→?g? ?9 ) 42. clin, cliv=lean,slope,… “倾 , 倾 …

(pro 预 +cliv+ity→???9?? →?E?? ) (clos+ure;close . (dis

43. clos, clud, clus=close, , closure 关闭; closet A 橱; disclose 揭发;

开+close→?y 关 +close→?÷ 关

enclose ‰围,围绕(en 进 enclosure ‰围,围绕 conclude 结论;终结 conclusive 决 exclude ? 。隔绝 ;结论

(conclude+ive)

17


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