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英语句子成分的划分及练习(1)


知 识 改 变 命 运 句子成分(Members of a Sentence)
什么叫句子成分呢?句子的组成成分叫句子成分。在句子中,词与词之间有一定的组合关系,按照不同的关系, 可以把句子分为不同的组成成分。句子成分由词或词组充当。现代汉语里一般的句子成分有六种,即主语、谓语、宾 语、定语、状语和补语。英语的基本成分有七种:主语(subject) 、谓语(predicate) 、表语(predicative) 、宾语(object) 、 定语(attribute) 、状语(adverbial) 和补语(complement) 。 英语句子的基本结构可以归纳成五种基本句型及其扩大、组合、省略或倒装。掌握这五种基本句型,是掌握各种 英语句子结构的基础。 英语五种基本句型列式如下: 一: S V (主+谓) 二: S V P (主+系+表) 三: S V O (主+谓+宾) 四: S V o O (主+谓+间宾+直宾) 五: S V O C (主+谓+宾+宾补) 基本句型 一:S V (主+谓) 主语:可以作主语的成分有名词(如 boy) ,主格代词(如 you) ,动词不定式,动名词等。主语一般在句首。注意 名词单数形式常和冠词不分家! 谓语:谓语由动词构成,是英语时态、语态变化的主角,一般在主语之后。不及物动词( vi.)没有宾语,形成主 谓结构,如:We come. 此句型的句子有一个共同特点,即句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做不及物动词,后面可以跟 副词、介词短语、状语从句等。 S │ V (不及物动词) 1. The sun │was shining. 2. The moon │rose. 3. The universe │remains. 4. We all │breathe, eat, and drink. 5. Who │cares? 6. What he said │does not matter. 7. They │talked for half an hour. 8. The pen │writes smoothly 太阳在照耀着。 月亮升起了。 宇宙长存。 我们大家都呼吸、吃和喝。 管它呢? 他所讲的没有什么关系。 他们谈了半个小时。 这支笔书写流利。

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5. He │is growing │tall and strong. 7. Our well │has gone │dry. 8. His face │turned │red. 此结构后跟名词,表示‘ (存在)有某事物’ 试比较:There is a boy there.(那儿有一个男孩。 )/前一个 there 无实意,后一个 there 为副词‘那里’ 。 基本句型 三: S V O (主+谓+宾) 此句型句子的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个 宾语,即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。这类动词叫做及物动词。宾语位于及物动词之后,一般同主语构成一样, 不同的是构成宾语的代词必须是‘代词宾格’ ,如:me,him,them 等 S │V(及物动词)│ O 1. Who │knows │the answer? 谁知道答案? 2. She │smiled │her thanks. 她微笑表示感谢。 3. He │has refused │to help them. 他拒绝帮他们。 4. He │enjoys │reading. 他喜欢看书。 5. They │ate │what was left over. 他们吃了剩饭。 6. He │said │"Good morning." 他说:"早上好!" 7. I │want │to have a cup of tea. 我想喝杯茶。 基本句型 四: S V o O (主+谓+间宾+直宾) 有些及物动词可以有两个宾语,如:give 给,pass 递,bring 带,show 显示。这两个宾语通常一个指人,为间接宾 语;一个指物,为直接宾语。间接宾语一般位于直接宾语之前。 一般的顺序为:动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语。如: Give me a cup of tea,please. 强调间接宾语顺序为:动词 + 直接宾语 +介词+ 间接宾语。如: Show this house to Mr.Smith. 若直接宾语为人称代词:动词+ 代词直接宾语 +介词+ 间接宾语。如:Bring it to me,please. S │V(及物)│ o(多指人) │ O(多指物) 1. She │ordered │herself │a new dress. 她给自己定了一套新衣裳。 2. She │cooked │her husband │a delicious meal. 她给丈夫煮了一顿美餐。 3. He │brought │you │a dictionary. 他给你带来了一本字典。 4. He │denies │her │nothing. 他对她什么都不拒绝。 5. I │showed │him │my pictures. 我给他看我的照片 6. I │gave │my car │a wash. 我洗了我的汽车。 基本句型 五: S V O C (主+谓+宾+宾补) 此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补 充成分来补足宾语,才能使意思完整。 他长得又高又壮 麻烦的是他们缺少钱。 我们井干枯了。 他的脸红了。 6. The trouble│is │that they are short of money.

There be 结构: There be 表示‘存在有’ 。这里的 there 没有实际意义,不可与副词‘there 那里’混淆。

基本句型 二: S V P (主+系+表) 此句型的句子有一个共同的特点:句子谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意思,必须加上一个表明主语身份或状态 的表语构成复合谓语,才能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做连系动词。系动词分两类:be, look, keep, seem 等属一类, 表示情况;get, grow, become, turn 等属另一类,表示变化。be 本身没有什么意义,只起连系主语和表语的作用。其它系 动词仍保持其部分词义。感官动词多可用作联系动词:look well/面色好,sound nice/听起来不错,feel good/感觉好,smell bad/难闻 S │V(是系动词)│ P 1. This │is │an English-Chinese dictionary. 2. The dinner │smells │good. 3. He │fell │in love. 4. Everything │looks │different. 这是本英汉辞典。 午餐的气味很好。 他堕入了情网。 一切看来都不同了。

宾语补足语:位于宾语之后对宾语作出说明的成分。宾语与其补足语有逻辑上的主谓关系,它们一起构成复合宾 语。 名词/代词宾格 + 名词 The war made him a soldier./战争使他成为一名战士. 1 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

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名词/代词宾格 + 形容词 New methods make the job easy./新方法使这项工作变得轻松. 名词/代词宾格 + 介词短语 I often find him at work./我经常发现他在工作. 名词/代词宾格 + 动词不定式 The teacher ask the students to close the windows./老师让学生们关上窗户. 名词/代词宾格 + 分词 I saw a cat running across the road./我看见一只猫跑过了马路. S │V(及物)│ O(宾语) │ C(宾补) 1. They │appointed │him │manager. 他们任命他当经理。 2. They │painted │the door │green. 他们把门漆成绿色 3. This │set │them │thinking. 这使得他们要细想一想。 4. They │found │the house │deserted. 他们发现那房子无人居住。 5. What │makes │him │think so? 他怎么会这样想? 6. We │saw │him │out. 我们送他出去 但常用的英语句子并不都象基本句型这样简短,这些句子除了基本句型的成分不变外,通常是在这些成分的前面 或后面增加一些修饰语(modifier)而加以扩大。这些修饰语可以是单词(主要是形容词、副词和数词) ,也可以是各 种类型的短语(主要是介词短语、不定式短语和分词短语) 。我们称之为:定语、状语 【句子的成分】 句子是按照一定的语法规律组成的,表达一个完整的意义。一个句子一般由两部分构成,即主语部分和谓语部分, 这两部分也叫做句子的主要成分。句子的次要成分包括宾语,定语,状语,表语等。句子成分是句子中起一定功用的 组成部分。 (一)主语:主语是谓语讲述的对象,或是动作的执行者。表示所说的“是什么”或“是谁” 。一般由名词、代词、 不定式或相当于名词的词或短语来充当。动名词、动词不定式或从句作主语时通常用 it 作形式主语。它在句首。如: (1)Lucy is a beautiful nurse. ( ( ( ( 作主语) 作主语) 作主语) 作主语) 作主语) 形式主语,真正主语是 形式主语,真正主语是 ) ) ) (2)He reads newspapers every day. (3)Smoking is harmful to the health.

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(三)宾语 宾语是动作、行为的对象,由名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的词、短语来担任,但人称代词要用宾格。 它和及物动词一起说明主语做什么。需要说明的是:只有及物动词和介词或相当于及物动词和介词的短语才可带宾语。 一般放在谓语之后。 She is doing her homework now.( She says(that)she is ill.( We often help him.( He likes to play basketball.( Are you afraid of the snake? ( 作宾语) 作宾语) 作宾语) 的宾语) 作 作宾语) 作动词宾语)

We enjoy listening to the music. 我们喜欢听音乐。 (

说明 1:宾语是及物动词涉及到的人或物,宾语一般放在及物动词之后。介词后面的名词或代词或动名词,称 为介词宾语。名词、代词、数词常在句中做动词宾语或介词宾语。另外,动词不定式可作动词宾语;动名词和宾语从 句也可用作动词宾语。 说明 2:及物动词作谓语时,后面要跟宾语。宾语分直接宾语和间接宾语。直接宾语是及物动词的直接对象, 直接宾语指物,间接宾语通常是及物动词的动作所及的人,间接宾语指人。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语之前。 不是所有的及物动词都可以用双宾语。有的动词可以跟。如:give, show(给??看) ,bring, pass, buy 等。如: (1)Our teacher tells us a story. (2)The sun gives us light. 间接宾语前加“to”的有: give, show, send, bring, read, pass, lend, leave, hand, tell, return, write, throw, promise (答应), refuse(拒绝)等。 间接宾语加“for”的有: make, buy, do, get, play, order(命令), sing, pay 等 (1)I give him a book. (2)He passes me the book. (3)He writes me a letter. (4)He will buy me some books. (5)She is making me a cake. (四)宾语补足语 在宾语后面补充说明宾语的动作、状态、特征的成分,称为宾语补足语;补充说明主语的叫主语补足语。名词、 形容词、副词、介词短语以及动词不定式、分词等可用作宾语补足语。宾语和宾语补足语称为复合宾语。 如:They make her happy.( I see her dance. ( Please let him in. ( 作宾补) 作宾补) 作宾补) 作宾补) 作宾补) 作宾补) 作宾补) 作主补) 改成: 改成: 改成: 改成: 改成: (直接宾语是 (直接宾语是 间接宾语是 间接宾语是 ) )

间接宾语如果放在直接宾语之后,在表示“人”的间接宾语之前会出现介词“to”或“for” 。

(4)To swim in Kunming Lake is a great pleasure.( (5)What we should do is not yet decided. (6) It’s no use regretting it. 后悔是无用的。 ( (7)It is very hard to get to sleep. 入睡很难。 ( (二)谓语

(8)It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. (

形式主语,真正主语是

说明主语“做什么” “是什么”或“怎么样” 。谓语(谓语部分里主要的词)必须是动词。谓语和主语在人称 和数两方面必须一致。它在主语后面。 如:His parents are teachers. We study hard. ( ( We don’t finish reading the book. He can speak English. We should help each other. ( 作谓语) ( 和 和 一起作谓语) 一起作谓语) 和 一起作谓语)

We’ll help you to make the Olympics a success. ( Please make yourself at home. ( We heard her singing a song. ( I’ll have my bike repaired. 主补:对主语的补充。 He was elected monitor. ( (

2 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

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She was found singing in the next room. (五)表语 表语说明主语“是什么”或者“怎么样” ,由名词、形容词、副词、介词、不定式及相当于名词或形容词或短 语来担任。它的位置在系动词后面。 如:I am a teacher.( He is always happy. ( It gets cold. ( His father is in. ( 作表语) 作表语) 作表语) 作表语) 作表语) 作表语) ( ( 作主补) 作主补) He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.

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His boy needs Tom\'s pen./他的男孩需要 Tom 的钢笔。 His name is Tom./他的名字是汤姆。 There are two boys of Toms there./那儿有 Tom 家的两个男孩。 介词短语作定语: The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours./教室里的男孩需要你的一支钢笔。 The boy in blue is Tom./穿兰色衣服的孩子是汤姆。 There are two boys of 9,and three of 10./有两个 9 岁的,三个 10 岁的男孩。 名词作定语: The boy needs a ball pen./男孩需要一支圆珠笔。 It is a ball pen./这是一支圆珠笔。 There is only one ball pen in the pencil box./这铅笔盒里只有一支圆珠笔。 副词作定语: The boy there needs a pen./那儿的男孩需要一支钢笔。 The best boy here is Tom./这里最棒的男孩是 Tom。 不定式作定语: The boy to write this letter needs a pen./写这封信的男孩需要一支钢笔。 The boy to write this letter is Tom./将要写这封信的男孩是汤姆。 There is nothing to do today./今天无事要做。 分词(短语)作定语: The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother./那个微笑的男孩需要一支他妈妈买的钢笔。 The pen bought by her is made in China./她买的笔是中国产的。 There are five boys left./有五个留下的男孩。 定语从句: The boy who is reading needs the pen which you bought yesterday./ 那个在阅读的男孩需要你昨天买的钢笔。 The boy you will know is Tom./你将认识的男孩叫汤姆。 There are five boys who will play the game./参加游戏的男孩有五个。 (七)状语 状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或全句,一般表示行为发生的时间、地点、目的、方式、程度等意义,一般由副词、 介词短语、不定式短语来表示。说明方式、因果、条件、时间、地点、让步、方向、程度、目的等。 状语在句子中的位置很灵活,状语一般放在句末,但有的可以放在句首、句中。常见情况为:通常在句子基本结 构之后,强调时放在句首;修饰形容词或副词时,通常位于被修饰的词之前;表示时间、地点、目的的状语一般位于 句子两头,强调时放在句首,地点状语一般须在时间状语之前;一些表示不确定时间(如:often)或程度(如:almost) 的副词状语通常位于 be 动词、助动词、情态动词之后,动词之前。 有时状语在句中的某个位置会引起歧义,应注意,如:The boy calls the girl in the classroom.一般理解成‘男孩喊教 室里的女孩‘ (此时 in the classroom 为 girl 的定语) ,也可以理解为‘男孩在教室里喊女孩’ (此时 in the classroom 为地 点状语) ,最好写作‘In the classroom,the boy calls the girl.\' 如:He did it carefully.(副词) We often help him.(副词) Her mother goes out to do some shopping on Sunday.(介词短语) When I grow up, I am going to be a teacher.(从句作时间状语) He sits there.(副词地点状语)

They are on the playground now. (

The question is whether they will come. ( 1 系动词 Be 动词(am,is,are, was, were) 表保持(keep, stay, remain) 表改变(get, become, turn)

感官动词(feel,sound(听起来) ,seem/look(看起来) ,taste(尝起来) ,smell(闻起来) ) 如:It sounds interesting.(sound 为系动词,interesting 为表语) We should all remain careful. (Remain 为系动词, careful 为表语) (六)定语 定语是用来修饰名词或代词的, 起修饰、限定作用的词、短语或句子,汉语中常用‘??的’表示。形容词、 代词、数词、名词、介词短语、不等式或相当于形容词的词或短语等。 单个词作定语时,通常放在它所修饰的名词之前。 如:The black bike is mine.(形容词) What’s your name?(代词) They make paper flowers.(名词) 说明 1:当定语修饰不定代词:nothing, anything, everything, something 等时,定语在不定代词后面。 如:I tell him something interesting. He has something to do. (形容词 interesting 作不定代词 something 的后置定语) (to do 为不定式作后置定语) (in the room 是介词短语作 the boys 的后置定语。 )

说明 2:短语或从句作定语时,也放在被修饰的名词之后。副词用作定语时须放在名词之后。 如:The boys in the room are in Class Four. 形容词作定语: The little boy needs a blue pen.(little 修饰名词 boy;blue 修饰名词 pen.)/小男孩需要一支兰色的钢笔。 Tom is a handsome boy./Tom 是个英俊的男孩。 There is a good boy./有个乖男孩。 数词作定语相当于形容词: Two boys need two pens./两个男孩需要两支钢笔。 The two boys are students./这两个男孩是学生。 There are two boys in the room./房间里有两个男孩。 代词或名词所有格作定语:

3 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

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副词(短语)作状语: The boy needs a pen very much./男孩非常需要一支钢笔。 (程度状语) The boy needs very much the pen bought by his mother./男孩非常需要他母亲买的那支钢笔。 (宾语较长则状语前置) The boy really needs a pen./男孩真的需要一支钢笔。 (程度状语) The boy needs a pen now./Now,the boy needs a pen./The boy,now,needs a pen./ 男孩现在需要一支钢笔。 (时间状语) 介词短语作状语:In the classroom,the boy needs a pen./在教室里,男孩需要一支钢笔。 (地点状语) Before his mother,Tom is always a boy./在母亲面前,汤姆总是一个男孩子.(条件状语) On Sundays,there is no student in the classroom./星期天,教室里没有学生.(时间状语) 分词(短语)作状语: He sits there,asking for a pen./他坐在那儿要一支笔。 (表示伴随状态) Having to finish his homework,the boy needs a pen./因为不得不完成作业,男孩需要一支笔。 (原因状语) Frightened,he sits there soundlessly./(因为)受了惊吓,他无声地坐在那儿。 (原因状语) 不定式作状语: The boy needs a pen to do his homework./男孩需要一支笔写家庭作业。 (目的状语) To make his dream come true,Tom becomes very interested in business./ 为实现梦想,汤姆变得对商业很有兴趣. 名词作状语: Come this way!/走这条路! (方向状语) 状语从句:时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、结果状语从句、目的状语从句 、比较状语从句、让步状语从句、条件状语从句 (八)同位语: 同位语是在名词或代词之后并列名词或代词对前者加以说明的成分,近乎于后置定语。如: We students should study hard. / (students 是 we 的同位语,都是指同一批‘学生’ ) We all are students. / (all 是 we 的同位语,都指同样的‘我们’ ) (九)独立成分: 有时句子中会有一些与句子没有语法联系的成分,称为句子独立成分(注意:区别于分词独立结构。 感叹词:oh,hello,aha,ah,等。 肯定词 yes 否定词 no 插入语:一些句中插入的 I think , I believe,等。 称呼语:称呼人的用语。 A. get A. Do A. will be A. Did A. Tom A. want A. We A. is A. give

勤 奋 塑 造 成 功
② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. B. longer B. usually B. meeting B. twins B. didn't B. to tell B. had B. interested B.did C. in C. days C. go D. summer D. bus ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. C. the library D. afternoon C. have C. do C. you C. send D. breakfast D. his homework D. is D. doctor D. music C. whom D. book ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. ⑨ He is interested in music. ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? (三) 挑出下列句中的宾语(10 分,10 分钟) ① My brother hasn't done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you?⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. ⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school. ⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" ① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject. ⑤ She was the first to learn about it. (五) 挑出下列句中的定语(6 分,6 分钟) ① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name. ② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. really is. (四) 挑出下列句中的表语(5 分, 5 分钟)

如: The story,I think,has never come to the end./我相信,这个故事还远没结束. 情态词,表示说话人的语气(多作为修饰全句的状语):perhaps 也许,maybe 大概,acturely 实际上,certainly 当然,等。 句子成分练习题( 一 ) 一). 指出下列句中主语的中心词(4 分, 4 分钟) ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二) 选出句中谓语的中心词(10 分, 10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. picture D. wall

⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. 4 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

知 识 改 变 命 运
⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! (六) 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语(6 分, 6 分钟) ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. ③ She found it difficult to do the work. ④ They call me Lily sometimes. ⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now? (七) 挑出下列句中的状语(8 分, 8 分钟) ① There was a big smile on her face. ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He began to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. (八) 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语(5 分, 5 分钟) ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen.Give it to Tom. ⑤ Did he leave any message for me? 句子成分练习题( 二 ) 指出下列句子中划线部分的句子成分: 1.Whether we’ll go depend on the weather . 2. People’s standards of living are going up steadily . 3. That was how they were defeated. 4.The nursery takes good care of our children . 5.I’ll return the book to you tomorrow . 6.We are sure that we shall succeed . 7.The woman with a baby in her arms is his other . 8.There are many film that I’d like to see. 9.Have you met the person about whom he was speaking ? 10.I have a lot of work to do . 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Anyway I won’t stop you from doing it . I said it in fun . We can send a car over to fetch you . She had to work standing up . Seeing this ,some comrades became very worried . 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

勤 奋 塑 造 成 功
Much interested , he agreed to give it a try . The bus arrived ten minutes late . We should serve the people heart and soul. Spring coming on , the tree turned green . Some farmers saw something strange in the sky . We think it necessary that everyone should attend the meeting . It’s strange that she doesn’t come today . It was in the library that I come today . He likes drawing at times when he isn’t working . We left in such a hurry that we forgot to lock the door. 句子成分练习题( 三 )

A
1、 ___ six years since I began to study English. A. It is B. I have been C. There are D. It was 2 、___ in the room at that time. A. Nobody was B. Someone were C. Who is D. He are 3 、IT'S very noisy outside. ___ is going on? A. Who B. What C. Which D. Where 4、 ___ in English in class every day is important. A. Speak B. Talking C. Saying D. To tell 5 、There must be____ near the factory. A. a book store B. book store C. books store D. books stores 6 、Although it's raining hard, ___ are still working in the fields. A. but they B. and they C. they D. since they

B
1、 The doctor as well as the nurses ___ great concern for the patients. A. show B. shows C. have shown D. are showing 2、 Your son must be a clever boy, ___ he? A. is B. isn't C. must D. mustn't 3、 The computer center, ___ last year, is very popular among students in A. open B. opening C. opened D. being opened 4 、I ___ go to the shop today, for there is a lot of food at home. A. mustn't B. had to C. can't D. needn't 5 、Don't ___ excited. A. get B. is C. seem D. look 6 This room ___ every morning. A. is cleaning B. is cleaned C. cleans D. cleaning this school.

C
1、 Glad to meet you! ___ is your full name? A. What B. Where C. How D. Who 5 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

知 识 改 变 命 运
2、 He is ___ to lift the heavy box. A. too weak B. weak tooC. enough weak D. weak enough 3、 The days are ___ warmer and warmer in spring. A. getting B. looking C. seeming D. going 4 、His job is____English. A. teach B. to teach C. taught D. teaches 5 、Two balls are___. A. under the desk B. in the wall C. to here D. at desks

勤 奋 塑 造 成 功
A. what B. it C. / D. that

G
(1) Tom said he ___ a good dream yesterday evening. A. dream B. dreamed C. have D. has (2) Children ___ a happy life in China. A. lead B. living C. has D. leading

H
1 America, Japan and Canada are___countries. A. developing B. developed C. less developed D. develop 2 -___ skirt is that on the chair? D. help with D. What an -Let me see. Oh, no, it's not mine. A. Whose B. What C. Who's D. Which 3 Do you have anything ___? A. saying B. to^ay C. said D. say 4 Look, there is an___tree by the wall. A. apple B. apple's C. apples' D. apples 5 Where is____seat? A. yours B. your C. you D. yourselves C. help C. What

D
1 、We should get ready___ others. A. helping A. What a A. to be B. to help B. How B. to 2、 ___interesting work we are doing? 3、 I want___ a teacher when I grow up (-fx;fc). C. be D. being 4、 -Would you like to go on a picnic with me today? -I don't think so. To be honest, I really don't feel like___on a picnic. A. going B. to go C. go D. went 5 Do you know___? A. where does he live C. where he live 6 Let ____ do it again. A. I B. me C. he D. she 7 I don't know___. A. how to do B. what to do C. where to do D. when to do B. where he lives D. if where he lives

I
1 The box is ___ heavy for her ___ carry. A. very; to B. too; not to C. too; to D. very too; to 2 -___ did you buy the new bag? -Last Monday. A. Where B. How C. When D. Who 3 You can see these signs in a hospital. ___ can you see them? A. Where else B. Where place else C. Where else place D. Else where 4 They went out ___ their old friends. A. visit B. visiting C. to visit D. visited 5 There is a wide river____ our village. D. not be A. outside B. over C. from D. below C. played C. stand D. play o D. waiting

E
1、 I saw him ___ basketball with Jack an hour ago. A. plays A. waited A. aren't be B. to play B. sing 2、 Sorry, we've kept you___ for a long time. 3 、The teacher told us ____ late again. B. don't be C. not to be 4 、We find the room very___. A. warm B. warmly C. terribly D. hardly

J
1. The young man, ___ works in the office. A. me brother B. my brother C. my brothers D. me 2 .Our English teacher, ___ often helps us with study. A. Mrs Wang B. Mrs’ Wang C. Mrs Wang's . D. of him 3. ___, some railway workers are busy repairing the train. A. Them B. He C. They D. Theirs

F
1 、I found ___ difficult to work together with him. A. it B. its C. that D. those 2 、We all know ___ our duty to clean our classroom after school every day. A. that B. this C. which D. it 3、 He found ___ very interesting to play with the little dog.

6 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感

知 识 改 变 命 运
答案 (一)① teacher ② man ③ dictionary (二)① B② A monitor school. ③ C ④ A ④ To do ⑤ C ⑥ C ⑦ D ④ ⑧ C⑨ A⑩ A words ⑤ to go swimming ⑥ he was ill. ⑦ him

勤 奋 塑 造 成 功

( 三 ) ① homework. ② English. ③ attention ⑧bridge museum⑨ it ⑩ who"Father Christmas"really is. ③yellow.

(四)①tired. ②worried

④interested

⑤the first ⑥ of the other shoe! ③ difficult ④ Lily ⑤ get on the bus

(五)① family ②given③third ⑥ playing football (七)① on her face. ④ too fast. lost it

④ some

⑤ downstairs

(六)①to read newspapers and books ②Every night

②to take the boy

③ when he was eleven. ⑥ because she loves books. ⑦ if you’ve

⑤ With the medicine box under her arm a story, 直接宾语

⑧ to see the other machine.

(八)① us, 间接宾语

② me, 间接宾语 a new bike, 直接宾语 ③ us, 间接宾语 history, 直接宾语 ④ Tom, 间接宾语 it, 直接宾语 ⑤ me, 间接宾语 message, 直接宾语

A . 1-6 A A B B A C B. 1-6 B B C D A B C. 1-5 A A A B A D. 1-7 B C A A B B B E. 1-4 D D C A F. 1-3 A D B G. 1-2 B A H. 1-5 B A B A B I .1-5 C C A C A J. 1-3 B A C

7 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感


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