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高中英语作文写作——如何写建议信


书面表达专题
---How to write a letter for advice

如何算是一篇好文章? 要 -覆盖了所有的要点 点 -应用了较多的语法结构和词汇 全 词汇,句型 (高级)和语法 多样化(较复杂)语言地道
连 接 词

-有效地使用了语句间的连接成 分,使全文结构紧凑,行文连贯, 条理清楚。

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写作要点: 1.建议信:作者就有关问题进行分析并针对 这些问题提出自己的看法和建议。 2. 对象: 1)写给个人,就其遇到的某个问题提出自己 的看法和观点; 2)写给某个组织和机构,就改进其服务提出 建议或忠告。

3. 基本框架:
开头(beginning)---- 开门见山,向对方陈 述自己的观点.(state your idea) 主体(body)---- 对所提出的问题进行分析并说 明理由,接着提出自己的建议(reasons and evidence)

结尾(ending)---- 呼应开头,重申观点(restate your opinion.)

4. 注意事项:

1)建议信要写出写信的原因,建议的内容,提出 建议的理由,提出的理由要入情入理,语气一定要 礼貌当先。因此建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、 具有合理性和说服力; 2)建议的角度要多样化,避免重复。可从政治、 经济、文化、伦理、法律以及个人等多角度给出建 议; 3)符合英文信件的基本格式; 4)基本时态多用一般现在时和一般将来时。

常用套语
A.建议信开头常用句式
to know that … 2. I am very glad to hear that you want to… 3. I know you have trouble in…after reading your letter 4. I am writing to you for the purpose of …
(照应材料,表明写作意图)

1. After I read your letter in the newspaper, I am sorry

5. I am writing to share some advice/opinions with you.
6. You have asked me for some advice with regard to … and I will try to make some conductive suggestions. 7. You have asked me for my advice about/on …

B. 表达建议(body)
1 .I think it would be more beneficial if you could … 2. I would like to suggest/recommend that… 3. If I were you, I would… 4. Why not …?/ How (What) about doing … First,/Firstly,/ Secondly,/ Then,/ After 5. …is a In good/great idea. Finally, /Meanwhile, that,/ the end,/ 6. You may more,/ consider doing … /What’s 7. It would seem/seems to me Furthermore, that you could …… In addition,/ Besides,/ 8. In my opinion, it would be wise to take the following action. 9. When it comes to such a situation, I would like to suggest that you should…

C.建议信结尾常用句式
1. I believe you will take my advice into account/ consideration.

2. I hope you will find these proposals/ suggestions/
recommendations practical/ useful/ helpful. 3. I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. 4. I would appreciate it very much if you could consider

my suggestions.
5. I feel that it would be beneficial if you stick to it. 6. In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions useful.

假如你叫孙军,是红星高中的学生,要给市长 写一封信,反映学校门前交通拥挤现象,包括 以下要点: 问题 建议

学校和一所小学毗邻,对着 政 府 应采 取 措施 , 大街,高峰期交通繁忙;加 如修天桥等。 之孩子小 , 家长接送。交通 更拥挤;学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。 参考词汇: 穿行 thread one’s way 天桥 overpass

第一步:审题
养成重视审题的习惯。虽然基础写作题是半封闭性的,但 审题仍然十分重要。现以样题为例,谈谈如何审题:

思考的问题 第几人称?(person)
文章的体裁是什么?

样题分析
第一人称 一封信
通拥挤的状况

要写的文章主题是什么 (topic) 建议政府采取措施舒缓交

怎样安排信息点的顺序? (order) 动作是什么时候发生的?(时态) (when)

说理逻辑性 一般现在时

书面表达如何写?
三 个

Step 1 List the key points

Step 2 Make sentences
步 骤

Step3. Form a passage and polish

适当运用模 板

模板二:

Dear _____(对象),
I am writing to express my views concerning

______(问题).
First and for the most, _______(建议一). In

addition, _____(建议二). What’s more _____(建议三).
I hope you’ll find these proposals useful.

Yours sincerely,
Li Ming

Dear____, You have asked me for my advice with regard to _____, and I’ll try to make some conductive suggestions here. In my humble opinion(以我拙见), you would be wise to take the following actions: _____. I hope you’ll find these proposals useful and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details. Good luck with you / your ______(祝愿). Yours sincerely Li Ming

Dear Bob, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to (引出主题). Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to . Then, it also helps to . Besides, it should be a good idea to . You can also . (此三句不同的句式提出建议) As to , I suggest (有时根据需要 具体到某一反面). In addition, (其他建议). I'm sure (预测可能的结果,给对方以 行动的信心和决心). I'm looking forward to (表达愿望). Sincerely yours, Li Hua

第二步:搜索相关词组或句型

问题

建议

学校和一所小学毗 政府应采取措施 , 邻,对着大街,高 如修天桥等。 峰期交通繁忙;加 之孩子小 , 家长接 送。交通更拥挤; 学生过街在车辆中 穿行危险。

学校与一所小学毗邻,对着大街
stand next to… primary… face/be faced with… the main street… 推荐句型:There be+并列句 There’s a primary school near our school, and both schools face the main street. 非谓语结构 Our school stands next to a primary school, faced with/facing the main street. Standing next to a primary school, our school is faced with/faces the main street.

将介词短语提前(全倒装) Next to a primary school stands/lies/is our school

, faced with / facing a main street.

润色小建议
可将stand next to替换为高级词汇/短语 be located next to (near/beside/by) border/adjoin vt. be adjacent to与…毗邻 在…对面 be opposite to

?高峰期交通繁忙…..
traffic…. during the rush hours The traffic is busy during the rush hours. During the rush hours, there is a lot of traffic. so…. that… During the rush hours, there are so many cars and buses going on the road that… with结构 With so many cars and buses going on the road, …

润色小建议
“高峰期”可意译: at peak time, a large current of cars and people “交通繁忙”可译为: traffic jam congestion 交通堵塞 be choke up with

be crammed with 被…堵塞/塞满

加之孩子小,家长接送,交通更拥挤
send…to…, fetch…. , which … Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier.

非谓语结构….
Many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, making the traffic heavier.

加之孩子小,家长接送,交通更拥挤 What’s more, … pick up…. make…. To make things worse/ What’s worse, many parents coming to pick up their children make the street more crowded. In addition/ Additionally, many parents send their young children to school and fetch them home, which makes the traffic heavier. What’s more, parents often attend their kids to school, resulting in more serious traffic jams. What makes things worse is that children have to be picked up by their parents owing to their young age.

so…. that….=too…to

The children are so young that parents have to send them to school and fetch them home, which makes/making the traffic heavier.

润色小建议
making the traffic heavier可意译为: making the situation more serious. making 可替换为: causing, leading to, resulting in “send…fetch…” 可替换为短语: pick up

学生过街在车辆中穿行危险 thread one’s way,when doing
固定句型It is +adj. for… to do…. It is dangerous for the students to thread their way among buses and cars when crossing the road.

润色小建议
灵活运用其它的短语进行意译: 1.Students are risking their lives to thread their way among cars. 2. Some are exposed to danger when crossing the ocean/ sea of cars. 适当增加形容词和副词: it is extremely dangerous,it is of great/ tremendous danger

政府应采取措施,如修天桥等。
? suggest/suggestion, take steps/ measures/ action to do… such as

简单句 I suggest that the government should take steps such as building an overpass. 表语从句 My suggestion is that the government should…

固定句型 It is high time that…(虚拟语气)
It is high time that relevant authorities took some measures like building…

润色小建议
A. 适当添加一些意思(过渡句)

1. In order to release the stress of traffic problems, … 3. Seeing these matters, never will I stop urging our government to take some measures. For the sake of improving the quality of traffic, it is significant to build…
B. 语义的意译

2. Aimed at solving these problems, the government should…

?The government should pay more attention to it and try to solve it.
C. 添加形容词和副词

I strongly suggest…, active/effective measures

第三步. 连句成文

但要注意:篇章的连贯性

A. As a consequence B. According to the phenomenon stated above C. When it comes to traffic jams
D. What makes things worse is that Next to a primary school stands our school, facing a main street. ___________, it’s crammed with cars during the C. rush hour. _______________ children have to be picked up D. by their parents owing to their young age. ___________, A. it’s of great danger for the students to go through the traffic. _________________, it is high time that relevant B. authorities took some measures like building an overpass.

反面范例

反面范例

反面范例

反面范例

不推荐字体

优秀作文范例1

优点:考生能灵活地处理各个信息点,大量运用非谓语,介词短 语,从句,连词等来提亮句子,使得文章更彰显个性和语言功 底。

优秀作文范例2

优点:考生的书面整洁,字体美观,运用there be 句型,介词短语,从句,非谓语,套用句式等来 提亮句子,使得文章更彰显内涵和语言功底。

优秀作文范例3

优点:考生运用倒装句,so … that句式,精彩的 表达以及虚拟语气等来提亮句子,使得文章更彰 显内涵和语言功底。

优秀作文范例4

优点:该考生最大的特色是运用了大量的高级词 汇等来提亮句子,使得文章更彰显深厚的语言底 蕴。

优秀作文范例5

优秀作文范例6

Congestion n. 阻塞, 拥挤, 充血

如何给阅卷人以好的第一直观印象
1. Heading 整 体 三 部 分
点题;一两个句子;概括性; 暗示性

2. Body
中心记述部分;层次分明

3. Ending
小结;呼应主题

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter来信向你咨询 如何才能学好中文。 注意:可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;开头语 已给出。 Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice no how to learn Chinese well.____ 参加中文学习班; _____________________________________________ 看电视,报纸,杂志; Best wishes, Li Hua
学唱中文歌曲; 交中国朋友;

Dear Peter, I'm glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you'll be able to learn from the teachers and practice with your fellow students. Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers, and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you'll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. In addition, You can also make more Chinese friends. They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try writing to me in Chinese next time. Best wishes, Li Hua

为了迎接即将到来的期末考试,你校要取消所有的体 育课。请你以学生王丽的身份给校长写一封信,建议 不要取消体育课。 注意:1. 词数:120左右;
2. 文章的开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Headmaster,
I’m writing to express my views concerning our school’s decision that all physical education should be cancelled.

常见连接词

表时间关系:

when / after / before / until / not … until as soon as / later / afterwards / soon / lately / recently / since / eventually / from then on / in the meanwhile (meantime) / then / finally/ at last / all of a sudden / after a while / since then / immediately / instantly / every time / each time / the first time

罗列观点:

常见连接词

● Firstly / First of all / To begin with / Above all / In the first place / On one hand For one thing, ● Secondly / Besides / Apart from… / What’s more, / In addition, / Furthermore, / Moreover,/ Worse still, / To make matters worse, / as well / On the other hand / For another thing, / Next, ● Finally / In the end / At last / Last but not least,

常见连接词

表列举:

for example (instance) / such as / take … for example / that’s to say / in other words / as follows

表条件关系:
only if…

if / unless / as long as / on condition that… /

常见连接词

表因果关系:

since / as / because / for / thanks to / due to/ owing to / as a result of / for the reason that / now that / therefore / so / as a result

表陈述事实:

in fact / actually / as a matter of fact / to tell you the truth / to be honest /

honestly speaking

常见连接词

表让步转折关系:

however / but / on the contrary / nevertheless / instead / despite / in spite of (the fact that ) / whereas / though / although / as / even if (though) / while / in contrast / after all

表目的:

For this reason / purpose, … For the purpose of … …… so that …… in order to / so as to……

常见连接词

表总结:

As I have shown, …… / In short, / In brief, / In conclusion, / In a word, / On the whole, / All in all, / In general, / In summary, / As has been stated, ……

表换种方式表达:

in other words / that is to say / to put it another way


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