虹口区 2012 学年度第一学期高三年级英语学科 第二次分层练习(A 卷)
2012.12 考生注意： 1. 本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷（第 1-10 页）和第Ⅱ卷（11 页）两部分。全卷共 11 页。满分 150 分。 考试时间 120 分钟。 2. 答第 I 卷前，考生务必在答题卡上用钢笔或圆珠笔清楚填写学校、班级、姓名和准考证号， 并用铅笔在答题卡上正确涂写准考证号。 3.
第 I 卷（1-16 小题，25-80 小题）由机器阅卷，答案必须全部涂写在答题卡上。考生应将代 表正确答案的小方格用铅笔涂黑。注意试题题号和答题卡编号一一对应，不能错位。答案需 要更改时，必须将原选项用橡皮擦去，重新选择。答案不能涂写在试卷上，涂写在试卷上一 律不给分。第 I 卷中的第 17-24 小题、81-84 小题和第 II 卷的试题，其答案用钢笔或圆珠笔写 在答题卡上，如用铅笔答题，或写在试卷上也一律不给分。
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A.1280 yuan. B.640 yuan. 2. A. At the post office. C. At the bank. 3. A. He often gets lost. B. He‘s surprised he couldn‘t find the hotel. C. He doesn‘t know where the hotel is. D. He‘d rather go to another hotel. 4. A. To buy a coat. C. To lend money to the woman. 5. A. Her cook. B. Her waiter. 6. A. The woman hadn‘t sent a thank-you note. B. The woman hadn‘t noticed him. C. The woman hadn‘t got his note. D. The woman had left him a note. 7. A. In the office. C. At home. 8. A. He attended the meeting. C. He was delayed by the fog. 9. A. Italian B. German 10. A. On Tuesday B. On Wednesday C.1920 yuan. B. At the bookstore. D. At the supermarket D.200 yuan
B. To try on a new coat. D. To borrow some money from the woman C. Her friend. D. Her husband.
B. In the dinning hall. D. In the lab. B. He was late for the meeting. D. He didn‘t attend the meeting. C. Chinese D. Japanese C. On Monday D. On Thursday
Section B Directions: In Section B. you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Money B. Working experience C. Social experience D. Reward from parents 12. A. servers, cashiers, lifeguards B. waiters, lifeguards, guides C. servers, cashiers, guides D. waiters, lifeguards, cashiers 13. A. Formal qualification B. Imagination and passion C. Working experiences D. Rich knowledge on computers Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. heart disease B. cancer C. tuberculosis 15. A. 27 million B. 17 million C. 12 million 16. A. Environment pollution B. High fat diets C. Less physical activity D. Smoking cigarettes
D. malaria D. 7 million
Section C Directions: In Section C, you will bear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. At the Tailor’s The woman wants to have some 17 changed. Her son‘s trousers will be made 18 ___to 42 inches and her dress will be redone according to the 19 made by the tailor rd himself. And she will collect her clothes on 23 20 . Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Travel Arrangements What does the woman want to do? What is the flight number for the second half of his journey? What kind of food does the man order? When does he arrive in New York? 21 Flight A At 23 24 . 22 . . .
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
25. ______ their return from space, the astronauts are thought of as national heroes. A. On B. By C. At D. With 26. Shanghai isn‘t what it used to be now. The last decade ______ great changes in the city images. A. witnessed B. was witnessed C. has witnessed D. had witnessed 27. Allan will go abroad for further study, so who do you advise ______ his position? A. to be taking B. to take C. taking D. taken 28. – Tom, I don‘t think you should use the dictionary while reading English novels. -- No, I shouldn‘t, but I ______ do without it. You know, my vocabulary is so small. A. won‘t B. wouldn’t C. can‘t D. needn’t 29. The fact that their class lost the game by 2 to 4 disappointed them greatly, ______? A. doesn‘t it B. didn‘t you C. didn‘t they D. didn‘t it 30. Among those presents ______ an iPad that her parents gave her at the birthday party. A. has included B. are included C. is included D. have included 31. The actress put on a Cinderella dress and became quite ______ person on the stage. A. the other B. other C. each D. another 32. It was already early morning ______ the lost tourist was rescued and reached the destination. A. when B. until C. that D. since 33. Never can you imagine the difficulty I had ______ him to give up his impractical idea. A. persuade B. to persuade C. persuaded D. persuading 34. Several years ago, Tom had a visit to China, where he learned ______ was the best way to make Chinese knots. A. that B. what C. which D. how 35. What we appreciated the other day was such a rare painting ______ we‘d never seen before. A. as B. that C. when D. what 36. The computer I put here just now is the one I‘d like to have ______ by the computer engineer. A. to repair B. repaired C. repairing D. to be repaired 37. It wasn‘t until yesterday when he came back ______ he got to know what had happened. A. when B. where C. how D. that 38. ______ he often fails to achieve sales tasks on time makes his boss not a little angry. A. That B. Since C. When D. Why 39. ______ how to carry out the complicated experiment, Erick turned to Professor Smith for help. A. Knowing not B. Not known C. Not knowing D. Having not known 40. ______ he was the last person she wanted to see, she did all she could to help him. A. Now that B. While C. As D. Only if Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. consumer F. located B. increasing G. changes C. appliances H. unusual D. customers I. impersonal E. continuing J. disappeared
Drive through any American city or suburb, and you will see large spaces where huge stores are grouped together, sometimes even under one roof. The sight of such large stores would have
been __41__ for our grandparents, who shopped in small neighborhood stores. These shopping areas reflect some major __42__ in American society. The construction of new supermarkets and shopping centers has been __43__ over the past forty years. Supermarkets continue to appear because they offer the __44__ a wider choice of products in one place — anything from food to small __45__. Because of the large amount of goods sold, supermarkets can offer lower prices than small neighborhood stores can. The convenience and value of large stores and shopping areas have made them a basic part of the way Americans shop. With the rise of supermarkets and shopping centers, American society has had some changes. Many small neighborhood stores have __46__, driven out of business by the large stores. Now Americans use cars even more in order to get to and carry products from the shopping centers, which are __47__ farther from many homes. Another change is; Americans are now more isolated. In the neighborhood store, the owner knew about the __48__ and their families. People in the neighborhood could gather and talk there. Now Americans shop in huge spaces, where no one knows anyone else. So supermarkets have made shopping more __49__. It is clear that the number of supermarkets and large shopping areas is still increasing. The pattern of "bigger is better" will probably continue into the future.
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. One day, a poor boy who was trying to pay his way through school by selling goods door to door found that he only had one dime (一角钱) left. He was hungry so he decided to __50__ a meal at the next house. However, he lost his nerve（勇气）when a lovely young woman opened the door. Instead of a meal he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked __51__ so she brought him a large glass of milk. He drank it slowly, and then asked, ―How much do I __52__ you?‖ ―Nothing,‖ she replied. ―My mother has taught me never to __53__ pay for a kindness.‖ He said, ―Then I thank you from the bottom of my heart.‖ As Howard Kelly left that house, he felt stronger physically, but it also increased his faith in the human race. Years later the young woman became critically ill. The local doctors were baffled (被难住). They finally sent her to the big city, where specialists were called in to study her rare __54__. Dr Howard Kelly, now famous, was __55__ for the consultation. When he heard the name of the town she came from, he immediately rose from the chair and went down through the __56__ hall towards her room. Dressed in his doctor‘s gown he went in to see her. He __57__ her at once. He went back to the consultation room, __58__ to do his best to save her life. From that day on, he gave special attention to her case. After a long struggle, the __59__ was won. Dr Kelly requested the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval. He looked at it and then wrote something on the side. The __60__ was sent to her room. She was afraid to open it because she was __61__ that it would take the rest of her life to pay it off. __62__, she looked, and the note on the side of the bill __63__ her attention. She read these words... ―Paid in full with a glass of milk.‖ (Signed) Dr Howard Kelly
Tears of joy __64__ her eyes as she saw it. She was grateful that love could spread through human hearts and hands. 50. A. pay for 51. A. disappointed 52. A. return 53. A. accept 54. A. medicine 55. A. taken in 56. A. dining 57. A. treated 58. A. related 59. A. battle 60. A. recipe 61. A. positive 62. A. By no means 63. A. paid 64. A. flooded B. intend for B. hungry B. owe B. earn B. phenomenon B. referred to B. hospital B. appreciated B. obliged B. competition B. bill B. uncertain B. In reality B. fixed B. blocked C. seek for C. serious C. cost C. make C. behavior C. called in C. town C. noticed C. determined C. disease C. document C. negative C. As a result C. caught C. closed D. beg for D. embarrassed D. take D. obtain D. disease D. focused on D. business D. recognized D. intended D. treatment D. debt D. confident D. In the end D. affected D. flew
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) It‘s no secret that most busy American mothers use the TV set as a live-in babysitter. In some households the tube holds a child‘s attention for the odd half hour or two while mom works on dinner; in others it is the child‘s constant daytime companion. Is there any harm in this? Debate continues violently over the question, and at intervals research is published showing that TV reduces attention span (范围), makes children jumpy or leads them to violence. In today‘s cartoon, David Horsey makes fun of the claims of ―children‘s TV‖, the special programming that supposedly uses entertainment to help youngsters to learn to read and take their first steps in the big, varied world outside their family. What do children really get from this programming? Horsey‘s suspecting is that children‘s programming chiefly turns kids into TV addicts, not into readers or happy mixers. The toddler ( 初 学 走 路 的 孩 子 ) in the cartoon, still at the age of pacifiers（橡皮奶 嘴）and stuffed animals, is held spellbound (入迷) by the figure on the screen. What is the stimulating message of this creature specifically designed to fascinate small children? ―Can you say TV?‖ The sooner the kid learns the word, the more effectively he can remind his mother to turn
on the TV. A child hooked on TV is a viewer open to commercial messages, and there are plenty of those targeting children of all ages. Thus, at the very least, mom‘s search for peace and quiet sets the stage for her child‘s transformation （变化） into an American consumer — and, of course, soaks up time that could be used for other, perhaps more desirable, transformations. 65. What does the underlined phrase ―soaks up‖ in Paragraph 4 mean? A. takes in B. gets in C. sets up D. uses up 66. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT the influence on children brought by TV? A. Paying less attention to other messages. B. Being close to violence. C. Gaining practical knowledge. D. Forming consuming awareness. 67. What information can we get from David Horsey‘s cartoon? A. Children‘s TV programs can teach children how to pronounce some words effectively. B. Little children are addicted to Children‘s TV programs which are actually not instructional. C. American parents depend too much on TV to help educate their children. D. These children‘s TV programs can make toddlers quiet and spare time for moms to work. 68. Which word can best describe the writer‘s tone to parents‘ using TV to search for peace? A. Positive. B. Appreciated. C. Supportive. D. Concerned. （B） THYSSEN ELEVATORS is one of the leading elevators companies in the world with more than 120 branch companies around the globe. GUANGDONG THYSSEN ELEVATORS LTD. In Zhongshan produces high-quality elevators. We are offering the following positions: ● Plant Manager Excellent Senior Engineer with experience in this field to manage our plant in Zhongshan ● Senior Engineers (Mechanical and Electrical) For production and Engineering Department, good command of Internet ● Junior positions For those who wish for success ● One purchaser(购货员) Preferably with experience in a mechanical engineering company and international markets ● Cost Accountant(会计) 5 years experience in mechanical factory costing, good knowledge in Office 95, CET level. For these senior level Positions, we expect preferable a university degree or an excellent job Record. 3-5 years of experience on the job and good command of English. If you are ready to work with us, we will offer attractive salary packet and bright future. THYESSEN GUANDONG THYESSEN ELEVATORS LTD LONGHCAN HUANCHENG Zhongshan City (5284655) Guangdong Province
(1) Secretary ● University graduate ● Good at English speaking, writing＆translating ● Good PC knowledge and typing skill ● Pleasant character with good personal skill (2) Accountants ● College or university graduate ● Good command of English and PC operation ● Work experience (3) Production Trainees ● College or university graduate ● Food engineering／machinery or chemistry ● Good command of English ● 1－2 years experience in food factory ● Leadership ability and PC knowledge (4) Production workers ● Polytechnic school (中专) graduate ● Food technology or chemistry ● Knowledge of basic English ●1-2 years experience in food factory NESTLE DONGGUAN NESTLE COMPANY LTD 69. If you don‘t know how to use a computer, you had better ask for the position of _______. A. a secretary in NESTLE C. a senior engineer in THYSSEN 70. From the passage we can learn that _______. A. THYSSEN is a successful company with many branches B. NESTLE is a company only producing chemical products C. NESTLE asks for good command of English in every Position D. THYSSEN needs a senior sales manager to sell its products in Asia 71. As a graduate from university this year, you can probably get a job as _______. A. a cost accountant in THYSSEN C. a secretary in NESTLE B. a purchaser in THYSSEN D. an accountant in NESTLE B. a production worker in NESTLE D. a cost accountant in THYSSEN
(C) Children start out as natural scientists, eager to look into the world around them. Helping them enjoy science can be easy; there‘s no need for a lot of scientific terms or expensive lab equipment. You only have to share your children‘s curiosity. Firstly, listen to their questions. I once visited a classroom of seven-year-olds to talk about science as a job. The children asked me ―textbook questions‖ about schooling, salary and whether I liked my job. When I finished answering, we sat facing one another in silence. Finally I said, ―Now that we‘re finished with your lists, do you have
questions of your own about science?‖ After a long pause, a boy raised his hand, ―Have you ever seen a grasshopper (蚱蜢) eat? When I try eating leaves like that, I get a stomachache. Why?‖ This began a set of questions that lasted nearly two hours. Secondly, give them time to think. Studies over the past 30 years have shown that, after asking a question, adults typically wait only one second or less for an answer, no time for a child to think. When adults increase their ―wait time‖ to three seconds or more, children give more logical, complete and creative answers. Thirdly, watch your language. Once you have a child involved in a science discussion, don‘t jump in with ―That‘s right‖ or ―Very good‖. These words work well when it comes to encouraging good behavior. But in talking about science, quick praise can signal that discussion is over. Instead, keep things going by saying ―That‘s interesting.‖ or ―I‘d never thought of it that way before.‖ or coming up with more questions or ideas. Never push a child to ―Think‖. It doesn‘t make sense, children are always thinking, without your telling them to. What‘s more, this can turn a conversation into a performance. The child will try to find the answer you want, in as few words as possible, so that he will be a smaller target for your disagreement. Lastly, show; don‘t tell. Real-life impressions of nature are far more impressive than any lesson children can learn from a book or a television program. Let children look at their fingertips through a magnifying glass (放大镜), and they‘ll understand why you want them to wash before dinner. Rather than saying that water evaporates (蒸发), set a pot of water to boil and let them watch the water level drop. 72. According to the passage, children are natural scientists, and to raise their interest, the most important thing for adults to do is _______. A. to let them see the world around B. to share the children‘s curiosity C. to explain difficult phrases about science D. to supply the children with lab equipment 73. In the last sentence of the first paragraph, the word ―lists‖ could best be replaced by ______. A. any questions C. questions from textbooks creative way if adults ________. A. ask them to answer quickly B. wait for one or two seconds after a question C. tell them to answer the next day D. wait at least for three seconds after a question 75. The author mentions all of the following techniques for adults to share with their children‘s curiosity except that adults should ________. A. tell their children stories instead of reciting facts B. offer their children chances to see things for themselves C. be patient enough when their children answer questions D. encourage their children to ask questions of their own B. any problems D. any number of questions
74. According to the passage, children can answer questions in a more logical, complete and
Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. B. C. D. E. F. Extensive Use of Lie Detectors Unreliability of Lies Problems with Questions Doubts against the Use of Lie Detectors Error-free Lie Detectors Working Principles of Lie Detectors
76. _________________ As credibility and trust have declined in American society, the popularity of lie detectors has increased. Once limited to law enforcement applications, lie detectors (also called polygraphs) came to be routinely used by corporations, banks, and even fast-food chains to question job applicants about their honesty in past jobs. In 1983, President Reagan ordered polygraph tests of certain federal employees in an effort to plug leaks to the press of classified or embarrassing information. 77. _________________ The growing use of the polygraph resulted in controversial question: What does a lie detector measure? Is it only the act of telling a lie that produces the telltale patterns of inked lines on graph paper? Or can other factors, such as emotional reactions to the content of the questions or the testing situation itself, cause truthful people to appear to be liars? 78. _________________ Lie Detectors do not register lies; they rely on the fact that emotions and inner conflict are typically accompanied by physiological changes. When a person lies, there are changes in blood pressure, in breathing, and in the resistance of the skin to electrical current, known as galvanic skin response. There is no single pattern of responses unique to lying, however; the pattern varies from person to person. 79. _________________ The form and mix of the questions is a key to the examination. A typical set of questions includes just a few that are critical: ― Did you take money for the cash register on the evening of July 21?‖ The rest are control questions, designed to be answered dishonestly even if the subject is telling the truth about the relevant questions. For example, to a control question such as ―Have you ever taken anything in your life?‖ Even most truthful people will choose to lie, given the circumstances, since just about everyone has stolen something sometime. Polygraph examiners assume that an otherwise truthful person will react more strongly to the control questions, while an untruthful person will react more strongly to the relevant ones. 80. _________________ Lie Detectors are far from error free. Figures vary widely, but according to one estimate, examinations in the field correctly identify about 75 percent of those lying. Unfortunately, about 49 percent of those telling the truth are also identified as lying. One major source of error is the fact that galvanic skin response changes in reaction to all kinds of emotions, not just those connected with deception. When someone is asked if he or she committed a murder, the lie detector is likely to jump. Of course, this may reflect guilt, but it may also reflect anxiety, fear, or hate — all possible
reactions to being questioned about a murder. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. The greatest recent social changes have been in the lives of women in America, or probably in the world. During the twentieth century there has been a remarkable shortening of the time of a woman‘s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the nineteenth century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old . By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman?s youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five and can be expected to live another thirty-five years and is likely to take paid work until retirement (退休) at sixty. Even while she has the care of children, her work is lightened by modern living conditions. This important change in women‘s life-pattern has only recently begun to have its full effect on women?s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left schools at the first chance, and most of them took a full-time job. However, when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-leaving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women usually marry younger, more married women stay at least until shortly before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full or part-time work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life, and with the both husband and wife sharing more equally in providing the money, and running the home , according to the abilities and interests of each of them.
(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.) 81. At what age did most women get married in the late nineteenth century? 82. When she was over fifty, it was hard for the late nineteenth-century mother _______ because of poor health. 83. Why can a woman today still take care of her children in addition to taking paid work? 84. Of ―such changes‖ today, one is that many more mothers _______ after their first child is born.
第Ⅱ卷（共 45 分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1、孩子们似乎对那里的一切都感兴趣。 （seem） 2、许多人直到生了重病时才会意识到健康的重要性。 （realize） 3、这款新电子产品使得人们彼此沟通联系更迅捷容易了。 （it） 4、史密斯太太一向都是家里最早准备早餐又最后才睡觉的人。(动词不定式) 5、有必要让那些孩子知道世界上再没有别人比他们的父母更爱他们了。(there be…)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120 – 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 元旦和春节临近，中国即将进入又一个旅游旺季。但是，有人热衷于单独旅行，有人却 喜欢结伴出游，你偏爱哪种旅游方式？请谈谈你的看法。
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