天津市河北区 2014-2015 学年度高三年级总复习质量检测 （二）
本试卷分为第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，共 130 分，考 试用时 100 分钟。
第Ⅰ卷 本卷共 55 小题，共 95 分
第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一
节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. As is known to all, in ____ eyes of her teacher, Linda has ____ eye for arts. A. / ; an B. the ; the C. / ; the D. the ; an 2. To make members of a team perform better, the coach first of all has to know their ____ and weakness. A. strengths B. benefits C. techniques D. values 3. –You must have had a good time at the party last night, didn’t you? –____. Actually, it was kind of boring. A. Oh, great. B. I suppose to. C. Not really. D. That’s OK. 4. I remember early spring mornings ____ my grandmother would tell me to sit quietly and then read me books. A. where B. why C. when D. which 5. The young couple are trying to save as much as possible ____ they can afford a flat by the end of next year. A. so that B. even though C. in case D. as if 6. ____ by a greater demand for green products, the food company has set higher standards to ensure the quality. A. Driven B. Being driven C. To drive D. Having driven 7. –I ____ the book till now. –No worry. You may have left it at home. A. hadn’t found B. don’t find C. won’t find D. haven’t found 8. If the project ____ by the end of this year is delayed, the construction company will be fined. A. is completed B. completed C. is to be completed D. to be completed 9. We complained to the travel agency about the horrible service during our trip, but no one has ____ by now. A. responded B. deserved C. recovered D. survived
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10. The teacher asked a difficult question, but Ted finally managed to ____ a good answer. A. put up with B. keep up with C. come up with D. catch up with 11. –Excuse me, but I wonder if Joan is available at 1:30 this afternoon. –I’m afraid she ____ Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone. A. will watch B. will be watching C. is to watch D. is watching 12. There is solid evidence ____ watching 3D movies can have some side effects on the viewers. A. what B. that C. which D. how 13. Mary failed to be admitted by university last year, and only then ____ the importance of learning. A. he finally realized B. he had realized C. had he realized D. did he realized 14. –How did you find the film The Twilight Saga—Breaking Dawn? –____. I can’t think too highly of it. A. It makes no sense. B. It’s really amazing. C. It’s awful. D. It’s up to you. 15. –Did you listen to the speech? –No, we ____ it. But we had a lot of traffic on our way. A. must have attended B. shouldn’t have attended C. could have attended D. could attend 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16～35 各题所给出的 A、B、C、D 四 个选项中选出最佳选项。 It was a hot summer day and the air was filled with the smell of freshly-cut grass. I was six years old 16 in my backyard with kids 17 to the neighborhood. My mom came out with 18 for us, and one of my friends said,―Hey, your mom is 19 . She only has one leg.‖ I never thought my mother was disabled; I never really 20 that she only had one leg. As my mom 21 us lunch, I asked, ―Mom, are you disabled and why do you have one leg?‖ My mom put down the tray(托盘，盘子) of food and then 22 at all of us with a big smile. She was not 23 ; she almost knew the 24 was coming. She was excited to tell us the story about what happened. My friends and I 25 her as she began to tell her story about the 26 of her leg. My mom said it all happened when she was five. She said it all started with a 27 . She was given a medical examination after the fall, showing that she had cancer. My grandmother took her to Boston. The doctors would have to 28 her leg before the cancer 29 to any of her vital organs. The next day they did 30
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and cut her leg off. My mom said that for over two years she had to go back and forth to Boston to get chemotherapy(化疗). My mom said that it made her 31 all her hair on top of her head. As my mom told us the 32 , with my friends all around, all I could 33 was that my mom was the 34 person in the world. It was scary then but when I look at her today, she is 35 to me , for she is my mom. 16. A. playing B. eating C. working D. quarrelling 17. A. rude B. close C. new D. friendly 18. A. gifts B. paper C. fruits D. lunch 19. A. wounded B. disabled C. disappointed D. embarrassed 20. A. realized B. wondered C. understood D. doubted 21. A. brought B. sold C. cooked D. served 22. A. pointed B. shouted C. looked D. laughed 23. A. nervous B. angry C. serious D. crazy 24. A. question B. challenge C. truth D. explanation 25. A. encouraged B. helped C. followed D. surrounded 26. A. trouble B. loss C. problem D. accident 27. A. fall B. test C. disease D. mistake 28. A. press B. tie C. remove D. treat 29. A. belonged B. reacted C. spread D. replied 30. A. operation B. examination C. preparation D. rescue 31. A. dye B. protect C. hide D. lose 32. A. lie B. story C. note D. news 33. A. depend on B. talk about C. think of D. refer to 34. A. cleverest B. strongest C. kindest D. prettiest 35. A. similar B. patient C. important D. beautiful 第二部分： 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A Job Details: Job Title Children’s Science Presenter City/Town Nationwide Company Name Sublime Science Pay ￡30 per hour Job Description: It is a unique position that you will never forget. Enjoy entertaining and educating children by making sweets and earn a great income while having fun!
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No particular background in science is required as full training is provided. Enjoying working with children is far more important. Looking for people right away! Hours are flexible but the majority of work will be at weekends with only occasional weekday opportunities. The role would be perfect as a part-time opportunity. Don’t Miss Out—Click the ―Apply Here‖ button to see a video of what it’s all about! ―I thoroughly enjoy doing my events. No party is ever the same but you can be sure that it’ll be good fun. The children love getting involved and the parents are always appreciative. I love working with Sublime Science and I’m sure you would too. Fill in the application form now!‖ Laura from Sublime Science Qualifications Required: · A Typical Event: You will travel directly from home to a pre-booked science party for around 15-20 children aged 5-12. You’ll need to arrive in good time to set up the equipment and greet the guests. All events vary but they typically last from 1 to 2 hours. · Essential：Enjoying working with children aged 5-12. Reliable fully insured car. Happy to work regularly at weekends. Don’t miss out an awesome job—Click ―Apply Here‖ Now! Applications welcome from anywhere. 36. If you work from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. with a break hour for lunch, you will get_____. A. ￡30 B. ￡60 C. ￡90 D. ￡120 37. The people who want to apply for the job should_____. A. be flexible in the working hours B. have received teaching training C. enjoy working with children D. have relative background in science 38. What’s the purpose of Laura’s words? A. To explain a typical but difficult event. B. To make the passage more interesting. C. To encourage more people to involve. D. To give advice to parents and children. 39. What can we learn from the passage? A. The age of children in Sublime Science ranges from 5 to 12. B. People can only apply for the position as a full-time job.
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C. The applicants don’t need to set up the teaching equipment. D. The class periods in Sublime Science vary from 1 to 2 hours. 40. In which column of the Internet could we find this advertisement? A. Jobs B. Sales C. Arts D. News B Scientists have linked the ―fat gene‖ with the ―happy gene‖. They believed there could be genetic evidence which explains why fat people are often happier than their skinny friends. The breakthrough could be an explanation for why fat characters, such as The Laughing Policeman and Father Christmas are often portrayed as joyful and kindly. FTO is the major genetic contributor to obesity. But it is also associated with an eight percent reduction in the risk of depression. Researchers at McMaster University in Canada had been investigating whether there was a link between obesity and depression. They found the opposite was true. The study analyzed 17,200 DNA samples from participants in 21 countries. Results showed people with FTO gene—the fat gene—showed significantly less signs of depression. This finding was confirmed by analyzing in three additional international studies. Professor David Meyre said, ― We set out to follow a different path, starting from the assumption that both depression and obesity deal with brain activity. We thought that obesity genes may be linked to depression. The difference of eight percent is not very obvious. But, we have discovered a molecular （分子的） basis for depression. It is the first evidence that an FTO obesity gene is associated with protection against major depression. In a recent interview, actress Lisa Riley said she was more than comfortable with her size. She said she is a ―big, really happy‖ girl who is lucky enough to be confident in her own skin, and added, ―Many people want to be thinner. Not me.‖ ―I genuinely love being different and it drives me mad that people don’t believe I’m happy with what I am.‖ 41. What does the underlined word ―skinny‖ in Paragragh 1 probably mean? A. Sensitive. B. Very thin. C. Fair-skinned. D. Close. 42. According to the passage, what is FTO? A. A molecular linked to happiness. B. A fat gene which leads to obesity. C. A gene that contributes to depression. D. A kind of DNA sample from participants. 43. According to what Professor David Meyre said, we can know ____.
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A. his former assumptions were right B. obesity genes are linked to depression C. there should be more people involved in the study D. there was no evidence for the role of an FTO obesity gene before 44. By mentioning the actress Lisa Riley, the author aims to show that ____. A. fat people are really happier B. it’s not easy to be an actress C. many people want to be thinner D. Lisa Riley is lucky and satisfied with herself. 45. The passage is likely to appear in ____. A. an advertisement B. a lesson plan C. a health magazine D. an amusement program C I am a thirty-year-old Asian woman and I work in my family’s furniture bu siness in Mombasa, Kenya. I have a disability caused by a spinal(脊柱的) injury. I started school at the age of three but my physical activity was severely limited due to the nature of my disability. The word pity and the puzzle-horror look on people’ s faces as they stare at me have been my life’s companion since those early days. I had always dreamt of becoming a lawyer but I had to give up further education due to my health condition. But I still wanted to see whether there was some life out there beyond the narrow limits of my local community. Somehow I always hoped, still, I could find a means to overcome this limitedness. However, I am very fortunate to have a positive family. They have also faced challenges having a disabled member in the family, but they have never made me feel different or treated me differently. Having personally experienced a lot of discrimination, I decided that it was time to create awareness about disability in my community. I went to work at the Rotaract Club, an organization that assists the poor in society. However, I noticed that it runs on an easy charity model—food, clothes, sometimes cash. Even though this approach serves immediate needs, I knew that we needed to and could do more. Being the only disabled member in the club made it difficult to express my views. So, as soon as I retired from the Rotaract Club I produced Dear Diary. It is a play which is based on my real life experiences as well as those with similar experiences. I insist that the Asian community need to look deeply into its beliefs towards persons with disabilities and establish structures of social support for them. Someone must teach them that an individual’s inner self is even precious.
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46. Why did the author give up her further education? A. Because she was in a poor health condition. B. Because she had to operate her family business. C. Because she couldn’t bear people’s discrimination. D. Because she wanted to help the poor in her community. 47. What does the author think of her family? A. Fortunate and different. B. Positive but Poor. C. Positive and supportive. D. Supportive but poor. 48. The author retired from the Rotaract Club because ____. A. it couldn’t meet her immediate needs. B. it ran on a total different charity model. C. there wasn’t any other disabled member. D. the author couldn’t express herself freely. 49. The purpose of the author’s producing Dear Diary is to ____. A. record her life experiences of being disabled B. call on people to care for the disabled C. show the lives of her family members D. express her beliefs towards the disabled 50. What can we learn from the passage? A. The author attaches great importance to the inner self. B. The author overcame her limitedness to become a lawyer. C. The author has faced difficulties creating a new club. D. The author looks deeply into the real life of the Asian community. D China is becoming more and more popular as a tourist destination. When it first re-opened to ordinary foreigners in the early 1980s, it was really a place for the adventurous at heart. Nowadays it is much easier to get to and there are many more choices for traveling around. But is it necessary to travel with a group? What are the advantages of booking with a small group travel organizer? Usually a travel package includes transport, tickets and accommodation and, often, much more besides. All of these arrangements are handled to save you from the chores—research, selection, queuing, etc.—so that you spend more time seeing and doing the things that you want. Organized tours usually include local guides at sites so that you get a good knowledge of the site and all that is relevant. In a group you will have various levels of support. Your tour guide and group will be on hand to help with day-to-day issues and there should be some form of organization to deal with major issues. You should be provided with a number to call in emergencies.
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However, there are also some disadvantages. Tour packages have a set itinerary and by following this your freedom is restricted to some extent. You may feel that there isn’t enough time at some sites. Since travel companies aim to make a profit then you can be sure that the prices they charge are higher than if you make the arrangements yourself. The question is, are you willing to pay that for the convenience? Tour packages suit many people but not all. Only when you know how much you value the respective（各自的）factors can you make a decision. Typically, foreign visitors to China find themselves more willing to join a tour because the language makes it more difficult to travel independently than elsewhere. For some, that is exactly the sort of challenge that will make their travels special. 51. Why does the author raise the questions in Paragraph 1? A. To express his views. B. To compare different ideas. C. To introduce points for discussion. D. To describe the popularity of tourism. 52. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. There are more and more small-group travel organizers. B. You can know more about a site with an organized tour. C. It is very convenient to travel along with a travel package. D. Local guides help tourists to deal with day-to-day issues. 53. The word ―itinerary‖ in Paragraph 4 could best be replaced by ―____‖. A. purpose B. schedule C. process D. solution 54. Foreigners to China are more willing to join a group tour because ____. A. they don’t like to make arrangements themselves. B. they think it will make their travels more special. C. they want to learn how to travel independently. D. they may have difficulty communicating in Chinese. 55. How is the passage developed? A. Main idea—Comparison—Supporting examples B. Main idea—Supporting examples—Conclusion C. Topic—explanations—Conclusion D. Introduction—Arguments—Conclusion 第Ⅱ卷 本卷共 6 小题，共 35 分 第三部分： 写作
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第一节：阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。 Do you want to improve the way you study? Do you feel nervous before a test? Many students say that a lack of concentration is their biggest problem. It seriously affects their ability to study, so do their test results. If so, use these tips to help you. Study Techniques. You should always study in the same place. You shouldn’t sit in a position that you use for another purpose. For example, when you sit on a sofa to study, your brain will think it is time to relax. Don’t watch TV while you are studying. Experts warn that your concentration may be reduced by 50 percent if you attempt to study in this way. Always try to have a white wall in front you, so there is nothing to distract you. Before sitting down to study, gather together all the equipment you need—apart from your textbooks, pens, pencils and knives, make sure you have a dictionary. If your study desk or table is needed when you are not studying, store all your equipment in a box beside it. Your eyes will become tired if you try to read a text which is on a flat surface. Position your book at an angle of 30 degrees. Be realistic and don’t try to complete too much in one study period. Finish one thing before beginning another. If you need a break, get up and walk around for a few minutes, but try not to telephone a friend or have something to eat. Test-taking Skills. All your hard work will be for nothing if you are too nervous to take your test. Getting plenty of rest is very important. This means ―do not study all night before your test‖! It is a better idea to have a long-term study plan. Try to make a timetable for your study which lasts for a few months. Exercise is a great way to reduce pressure. Doing some form of exercise every day will also improve your concentration. Eat healthy food too. When you arrive in the examination room, find your seat and sit down. Breathe slowly and deeply. Check the time on the clock during the test, but not too often. Above all, take no notice of everyone else and give the test paper your undivided attention. 56. What is the author’s purpose of the passage? (No more than 15 words) 57. Please explain the underlined word ―distract‖ in English. (No more than 5 words) 58. What shouldn’t you do when you take a break? (No more than 10 words)
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59. What is the most important tip when you take an exam? (No more than 15 words) 60. Which tip do you think is useful to you? Why? (No more than 20 words) 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 61. 假设你是李华，以优异的成绩考入了理想的大学，但由于家境原因，难以负 担学费。 你的外籍教师 Betty 得知你的情况之后为你捐助了学费， 帮你完成学业。 现请你给 Betty 老师写一封信，以表谢意。 内容包括： 1. Betty 老师提供的捐款 8000 元已经收到，全家非常感谢。 2. 立志要努力学习知识，取得优异成绩。 3. 大学毕业之后会建设家乡，奉献家乡。 4. 会和父母在今年暑假一起去拜访 Betty 老师。 注意： 1.请使用规范英语，词数不少于 100； 2.可适当加入细节，以使内容充实、行文连贯； 3.开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。
Dear Mrs. Betty, Thank you very much for your kindness. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________
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____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ Best wishes. Yours sincerely, Lihua
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河北区 2014-2015 学年度高三年级总复习质量检测（二） 英 语 笔 试 参 考 答 案
1-5 DACCA 16-20 ACDBA 36-40 DCCAA 6-10 ADDAC 11-15 BBDBC
21-25 DCBAD 26-30 BACCA 31-35 DBCBD 41-45 BBDAC 46-50 ACDBA 51-55 CABDD
56. To introduce tips about how to study efficiently and how to take a test. 57. Make less concentrated. 58. Telephone a friend or have something to eat. 59. Don’t notice others and give your undivided attention to the test paper. 60. Open. 61. Dear Mrs. Betty, Thank you very much for your kindness. I have received your letter and 8000 yuan. My family and I are very happy and grateful. With your help, I will have no difficulty in studying at university. So I have made up my mind to study hard. I’m sure I will make great progress. I’m going back to my hometown after I graduate from university and I am determined to devote myself to building my hometown. My parents and I are going to pay a visit to you this summer holiday. Thank you again for your kind help. Best wishes.
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Yours sincerely, Lihua
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